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[[File:Dumb..JPG|thumb|right|240px|[[Albus Dumbledore]] casting [[Aresto Momentum]] without a wand]]A '''wandless spell''' is a [[spell]] which is performed without the use of a [[wand]]. This form of [[magic]] can be particularly volatile, and can only be used effectively by powerful and disciplined [[wizards|wizards and witches]]. Sometimes, specific hand gestures focus the power of the spell and guide it to the target.
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[[File:Wandless magic.gif|frame|300px|right|[[Albus Dumbledore]] casting ''[[Aresto Momentum]]'' without a [[wand]].]]
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'''Wandless magic''' was the performance of [[magic]] without the use of a [[wand]]. It could be volatile and was often difficult to perform, and could thus only be reliably accomplished by [[wizardkind|witches and wizards]] of great skill.<ref name="pottermore-nahistory1">"[https://www.pottermore.com/collection-episodic/history-of-magic-in-north-america-en History of Magic in North America: Fourteenth Century – Seventeenth Century]" from [[Pottermore]]</ref> However, there were cultures which traditionally did not use wands, and thus favoured wandless magic.<ref name="pottermore-nahistory1" /><ref name="pottermore-uagadou">"[https://www.pottermore.com/writing-by-jk-rowling/uagadou Uagadou]" from [[Pottermore]]</ref>
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==Nature and practice==
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[[wizardkind|Witches and wizards]] used [[wand]]s to channel [[magic]], thus making the effects of [[spell]]s more accurate and potent.<ref name="pottermore-nahistory1" /> Wandless magic could be particularly volatile.{{Fact}} Only the most powerful and disciplined wizards and witches were able to perform advanced wandless magic reliably.<ref name="pottermore-nahistory1" /> [[Transfiguration]] and [[charm]]s were particularly difficult to carry out without a wand.<ref name="pottermore-nahistory1" />
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However, the [[wand]] was a [[Europe]]an invention, and some cultures traditionally did not rely upon wands for performing magic.<ref name="pottermore-nahistory1" /><ref name="pottermore-uagadou" />
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[[File:Wandless_magic_MiNA.gif|thumb|left]]
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[[Native American]] witches and wizards traditionally practiced wandless magic.<ref name="pottermore-nahistory1" /> [[Africa]]n witches and wizards also historically practiced wandless magic, and continued to use it to cast many [[spell]]s even after adopting the wand in the [[20th century]].<ref name="pottermore-uagadou" />
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Sometimes, specific hand gestures focused the power of the spell and guided it to the target.{{Fact}} This magic could be coupled with [[Nonverbal magic|silent magic]] to cast spells under any circumstances.{{Fact}}
   
 
==Underage magic==
 
==Underage magic==
 
{{Main|Underage magic}}
 
{{Main|Underage magic}}
Wandless spells are often used in cases of [[underage magic]], in which children under the age of eleven, who have no wands, sometimes use magic. This is known as Accidental Wandless Magic. On most of these occasions, the children have no control over their abilities, and will [[Underage magic#Accidental Wandless Magic|unintentionally use magic]] when upset or in danger. Some children, however, [[Underage magic#Intentional Wandless Magic|exert some control]] over their magic, but they are untrained in proper spells. For example, [[Tom Riddle]] was able to hurt people and influence animals before he even knew of the existence of the [[wizarding world]]<ref name="HBP">{{HBP}}</ref>, and [[Lily Evans]] was able to use magic to stop herself falling as fast as normal and also to manipulate a flower. [[Harry Potter]] was known to use wandless magic to grow his hair among other things, and Hermione Granger used her ability to practice by jumping off a tree and attempting to stop her fall
 
   
==Known wizard and witch practitioners==
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Wandless spells were often used in cases of [[underage magic]], in which children under the age of eleven, who had no wands, sometimes used magic. This was known as Accidental Wandless Magic. On most of these occasions, the children had no control over their abilities, and would [[Underage magic#Accidental Wandless Magic|unintentionally use magic]] when upset or in danger.
[[File:Andros the Invencible.jpg|thumb|200px|right|[[Andros the Invincible]].]]
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Some children, however, [[Underage magic#Intentional Wandless Magic|exerted some control]] over their magic, but they were untrained in proper spells. For example, [[Tom Riddle]] was able to hurt people and influence animals before he even knew of the existence of the [[wizarding world]],<ref name="HBP">{{HBP}}</ref> and [[Lily Evans]] was able to use magic to stop herself falling as fast as normal and also to manipulate a flower.
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==Known practitioners==
 
The following people have been known to perform [[spell]]s intentionally without use of a [[wand]]:
 
The following people have been known to perform [[spell]]s intentionally without use of a [[wand]]:
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[[File:Andros the Invencible.jpg|thumb|203x203px|right|[[Andros the Invincible]].]]
 
*[[Alastor Moody]]<ref>{{GOFF}}</ref>
 
*[[Alastor Moody]]<ref>{{GOFF}}</ref>
 
*[[Albus Dumbledore]]<ref name="POA">{{POA}}</ref>
 
*[[Albus Dumbledore]]<ref name="POA">{{POA}}</ref>
 
*[[Andros the Invincible]]<ref name="PS/g">{{PSVG}}</ref>
 
*[[Andros the Invincible]]<ref name="PS/g">{{PSVG}}</ref>
*[[Carlotta Pinkstone]]<ref name="PS/g"/>
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*[[Carlotta Pinkstone]]<ref name="PS/g" />
*[[Fenrir Greyback]]<ref>Original script of {{HBPF}}</ref>
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*[[Fenrir Greyback]]<ref name=":0">Original script of {{HBPF}}</ref>
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*[[Filius Flitwick]]<ref>''[[Harry Potter and the Chamber of Secrets (video game)]]'' - NGC version {{see image|File:FlitwickWandlessMagic.png}}</ref>
 
*[[Harry Potter]]<ref>Original script of {{POAF}}</ref>
 
*[[Harry Potter]]<ref>Original script of {{POAF}}</ref>
 
*[[Hermione Granger]]<ref>Hermione is seen using a wandless spell in {{HBPF}}, during the Quidditch trail with Ron and Cormac when she uses a 'Confundus' charm against Cormac without any wand.</ref>
 
*[[Hermione Granger]]<ref>Hermione is seen using a wandless spell in {{HBPF}}, during the Quidditch trail with Ron and Cormac when she uses a 'Confundus' charm against Cormac without any wand.</ref>
 
*[[Merlin]]<ref>''[[Harry Potter and the Prisoner of Azkaban (video game)]]'' - PS2 version (see [[:File:MerlinPoA.png|this image]])</ref>
 
*[[Merlin]]<ref>''[[Harry Potter and the Prisoner of Azkaban (video game)]]'' - PS2 version (see [[:File:MerlinPoA.png|this image]])</ref>
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*[[Minerva McGonagall]]<ref>''[[Harry Potter and the Chamber of Secrets (video game)]]'' - NCG version {{see image|File:McGonagallWandlessMagic.png}}</ref>
 
*[[Quirinus Quirrell]]<ref>It might have been due to the presence of [[Tom Riddle|Voldemort]] in Quirrell's body that allowed him to perform wandless magic in {{PSF}}.</ref>
 
*[[Quirinus Quirrell]]<ref>It might have been due to the presence of [[Tom Riddle|Voldemort]] in Quirrell's body that allowed him to perform wandless magic in {{PSF}}.</ref>
 
*[[Remus Lupin]]<ref name="PA5">{{POA}} - Chapter 5 (''The Dementor'')</ref>
 
*[[Remus Lupin]]<ref name="PA5">{{POA}} - Chapter 5 (''The Dementor'')</ref>
 
*[[Severus Snape]]<ref>{{PS}} - Chapter 11 (''Quidditch'')</ref>
 
*[[Severus Snape]]<ref>{{PS}} - Chapter 11 (''Quidditch'')</ref>
 
*[[Tom]]<ref>{{POA}} - Chapter 3 (''The Knight Bus'')</ref>
 
*[[Tom]]<ref>{{POA}} - Chapter 3 (''The Knight Bus'')</ref>
*[[Tom Riddle|Tom Marvolo Riddle]]<ref name="HBP"/>
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*[[Tom Riddle|Tom Marvolo Riddle]]<ref name="HBP" />
*An [[Wizard in the Leaky Cauldron|unidentified wizard]]<ref name="POA/f">{{POAF}}</ref>
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*[[Uagadou School of Magic|Uagadou]] students
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==='''Possible Practitioners'''===
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The following people may or may not have intentionally performed spells without use of a wand:
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*An [[Wizard in the Leaky Cauldron|unidentified wizard]]<span style="color:rgb(0,0,0);font-size:12px;"><ref name="POA/f">{{POAF}}</ref></span>
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*[[Draco Malfoy]]<ref name=":0" />
   
 
==Non-human wandless magic==
 
==Non-human wandless magic==
 
:''Main article: [[House-elf magic]]''
 
:''Main article: [[House-elf magic]]''
[[House-elf|Elves]] and [[Goblin]]s are able to perform magic without wands. Goblins sometimes refer to wizards and witches as "wand bearers" and humans' failure to share wand knowledge with goblins is a source of ill-feeling between the two species.
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[[House-elf|Elves]] and [[goblin]]s are able to perform magic without wands. Goblins sometimes refer to wizards and witches as "wand bearers" and humans' failure to share wand knowledge with goblins is a source of ill-feeling between the two species.
   
 
==Behind the scenes==
 
==Behind the scenes==
 
*In the [[Harry Potter and the Half-Blood Prince (film)|film adaptation]] and [[Harry Potter and the Half-Blood Prince (video game)|video game of]] ''[[Harry Potter and the Half-Blood Prince]]'', [[Hermione Granger]] casts the [[Confundus Charm]] at [[Cormac McLaggen]] whispering the words into her hand.
 
*In the [[Harry Potter and the Half-Blood Prince (film)|film adaptation]] and [[Harry Potter and the Half-Blood Prince (video game)|video game of]] ''[[Harry Potter and the Half-Blood Prince]]'', [[Hermione Granger]] casts the [[Confundus Charm]] at [[Cormac McLaggen]] whispering the words into her hand.
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*Albus Dumbledore has only demonstrated wandless magic a couple of times in the [[Harry Potter books]]. He demonstrated wandless magic in the film adaptations of ''[[Harry Potter and the Philosopher's Stone (film)|Harry Potter and the Philosopher's Stone]]'', ''[[Harry Potter and the Prisoner of Azkaban (film)|Harry Potter and the Prisoner of Azkaban]]'', ''[[Harry Potter and the Goblet of Fire (film)|Harry Potter and the Goblet of Fire,]]'' ''[[Harry Potter and the Order of the Phoenix]]'', and ''[[Harry Potter and the Half-Blood Prince (film)|Harry Potter and the Half-Blood Prince]]''; transfiguring the [[Slytherin]] banners in the Great Hall to that of [[Gryffindor]]'s, saving [[Harry Potter]] from falling to his [[Death|death]] during a Quidditch match (as well as extinguishing and re-igniting a candle), summoning the Champions' names from the [[Goblet of Fire]] (after dimming the Great Hall's light sources), repeatedly repelling Harry Potter back from his duel with Lord Voldemort, and (after again, dimming the lights in his office) setting a young Tom Riddle's wardrobe on fire respectively.
 
*Albus Dumbledore has only demonstrated wandless magic a couple of times in the [[Harry Potter books]]. He demonstrated wandless magic in the film adaptations of ''[[Harry Potter and the Philosopher's Stone (film)|Harry Potter and the Philosopher's Stone]]'', ''[[Harry Potter and the Prisoner of Azkaban (film)|Harry Potter and the Prisoner of Azkaban]]'', ''[[Harry Potter and the Goblet of Fire (film)|Harry Potter and the Goblet of Fire,]]'' ''[[Harry Potter and the Order of the Phoenix]]'', and ''[[Harry Potter and the Half-Blood Prince (film)|Harry Potter and the Half-Blood Prince]]''; transfiguring the [[Slytherin]] banners in the Great Hall to that of [[Gryffindor]]'s, saving [[Harry Potter]] from falling to his [[Death|death]] during a Quidditch match (as well as extinguishing and re-igniting a candle), summoning the Champions' names from the [[Goblet of Fire]] (after dimming the Great Hall's light sources), repeatedly repelling Harry Potter back from his duel with Lord Voldemort, and (after again, dimming the lights in his office) setting a young Tom Riddle's wardrobe on fire respectively.
*[[File:Screen_shot_2012-01-29_at_6.21.25_PM.png|thumb|300px|Voldemort moving a giant's body out of his path.]]Tom Riddle, a.k.a Lord Voldemort, also only performed wandless magic in the films, not counting the controlled magic he performed prior to going to Hogwarts. In the ''Harry Potter and the Goblet of Fire'' film, Voldemort wandlessly knocked Harry to the ground, deflected Harry's [[Disarming Charm]] by waving his hand, and magically lifted Harry from the ground with one hand, apparently applying force to the latter's face whilst forcing him to his feet. He again used wandless magic on Harry in ''[[Harry Potter and the Order of the Phoenix (film)|Harry Potter and the Order of the Phoenix]]'', impatiently disarming the boy with a wave of his wand-free hand. In ''[[Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows: Part 2]]'', Voldemort again used wandless magic to move a dead giant out of the way and to restrain Harry by using his cloak.
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[[File:Screen_shot_2012-01-29_at_6.21.25_PM.png|thumb|300px|Voldemort moving a giant's body out of his path.]]
*In the film ''Harry Potter and the Half-Blood Prince'', [[Draco Malfoy]] appears to close the shutters on the [[Hogwarts Express]] without a wand (though he uses his wand to place a full Body-Bind curse on Harry Potter moments later).
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*Tom Riddle, a.k.a Lord Voldemort, also only performed wandless magic in the films, not counting the controlled magic he performed prior to going to Hogwarts. In the ''Harry Potter and the Goblet of Fire'' film, Voldemort wandlessly knocked Harry to the ground, deflected Harry's [[Disarming Charm]] by waving his hand, and magically lifted Harry from the ground with one hand, apparently applying force to the latter's face whilst forcing him to his feet. He again used wandless magic on Harry in ''[[Harry Potter and the Order of the Phoenix (film)|Harry Potter and the Order of the Phoenix]]'', impatiently disarming the boy with a wave of his wand-free hand. In ''[[Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows: Part 2]]'', Voldemort again used wandless magic to move a dead giant out of the way and to restrain Harry by using his cloak.
*In the book ''Harry Potter and the Order of the Phoenix'', Harry casts the [[Wand-Lighting Charm|Lumos spell]] in the dark alley to get some light and find his wand. The spell was cast without the wand in his hand and yet the wand itself performed the Lumos spell which allowed him to know where the wand was.
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[[File:McGonagallWandlessMagic.png|thumb|right|300px|Minerva McGonagall casting a wandless [[Avifors Spell]].]]
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*In the film ''Harry Potter and the Half-Blood Prince'', [[Draco Malfoy]] appears to close the shutters on the [[Hogwarts Express]] without a wand, though its more likely that a [[Protean Charm]] had been placed upon them.
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*In the book ''Harry Potter and the Order of the Phoenix'', Harry casts the [[Wand-Lighting Charm|Lumos]] spell in the dark alley to get some light and find his wand. The spell was cast without the wand in his hand and yet the wand itself performed the Lumos spell which allowed him to know where the wand was.
   
 
==Appearances==
 
==Appearances==
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==Notes and references==
 
==Notes and references==
 
{{reflist|coldwidth=30em}}
 
{{reflist|coldwidth=30em}}
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[[es:Magia sin varita]]
 
[[Category:Magic]]
 
[[Category:Magic]]

Latest revision as of 23:16, April 28, 2016

Wandless magic

Albus Dumbledore casting Aresto Momentum without a wand.

Wandless magic was the performance of magic without the use of a wand. It could be volatile and was often difficult to perform, and could thus only be reliably accomplished by witches and wizards of great skill.[1] However, there were cultures which traditionally did not use wands, and thus favoured wandless magic.[1][2]

Nature and practiceEdit

Witches and wizards used wands to channel magic, thus making the effects of spells more accurate and potent.[1] Wandless magic could be particularly volatile.[citation needed] Only the most powerful and disciplined wizards and witches were able to perform advanced wandless magic reliably.[1] Transfiguration and charms were particularly difficult to carry out without a wand.[1]

However, the wand was a European invention, and some cultures traditionally did not rely upon wands for performing magic.[1][2]

Wandless magic MiNA

Native American witches and wizards traditionally practiced wandless magic.[1] African witches and wizards also historically practiced wandless magic, and continued to use it to cast many spells even after adopting the wand in the 20th century.[2]

Sometimes, specific hand gestures focused the power of the spell and guided it to the target.[citation needed] This magic could be coupled with silent magic to cast spells under any circumstances.[citation needed]

Underage magicEdit

Main article: Underage magic

Wandless spells were often used in cases of underage magic, in which children under the age of eleven, who had no wands, sometimes used magic. This was known as Accidental Wandless Magic. On most of these occasions, the children had no control over their abilities, and would unintentionally use magic when upset or in danger.

Some children, however, exerted some control over their magic, but they were untrained in proper spells. For example, Tom Riddle was able to hurt people and influence animals before he even knew of the existence of the wizarding world,[3] and Lily Evans was able to use magic to stop herself falling as fast as normal and also to manipulate a flower.

Known practitionersEdit

The following people have been known to perform spells intentionally without use of a wand:

Andros the Invencible

Andros the Invincible.

Possible PractitionersEdit

The following people may or may not have intentionally performed spells without use of a wand:

Non-human wandless magicEdit

Main article: House-elf magic

Elves and goblins are able to perform magic without wands. Goblins sometimes refer to wizards and witches as "wand bearers" and humans' failure to share wand knowledge with goblins is a source of ill-feeling between the two species.

Behind the scenesEdit

Screen shot 2012-01-29 at 6.21.25 PM

Voldemort moving a giant's body out of his path.

  • Tom Riddle, a.k.a Lord Voldemort, also only performed wandless magic in the films, not counting the controlled magic he performed prior to going to Hogwarts. In the Harry Potter and the Goblet of Fire film, Voldemort wandlessly knocked Harry to the ground, deflected Harry's Disarming Charm by waving his hand, and magically lifted Harry from the ground with one hand, apparently applying force to the latter's face whilst forcing him to his feet. He again used wandless magic on Harry in Harry Potter and the Order of the Phoenix, impatiently disarming the boy with a wave of his wand-free hand. In Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows: Part 2, Voldemort again used wandless magic to move a dead giant out of the way and to restrain Harry by using his cloak.
McGonagallWandlessMagic

Minerva McGonagall casting a wandless Avifors Spell.

  • In the film Harry Potter and the Half-Blood Prince, Draco Malfoy appears to close the shutters on the Hogwarts Express without a wand, though its more likely that a Protean Charm had been placed upon them.
  • In the book Harry Potter and the Order of the Phoenix, Harry casts the Lumos spell in the dark alley to get some light and find his wand. The spell was cast without the wand in his hand and yet the wand itself performed the Lumos spell which allowed him to know where the wand was.

AppearancesEdit

Notes and referencesEdit

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