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{{Object infobox
 
{{Object infobox
 
|name=Wand
 
|name=Wand
|image=[[File:Harrypotterwand.jpeg|250px]]
+
|image=[[File:Pottermore_wands.jpg|250px]]
 
|manufacturer=*[[Antioch Peverell]]
 
|manufacturer=*[[Antioch Peverell]]
 
*[[Ollivander family]]
 
*[[Ollivander family]]
*[[Gregorovitch]]
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*[[Mykew Gregorovitch]]
 
*[[Jimmy Kiddell]]
 
*[[Jimmy Kiddell]]
 
*[[Arturo Cephalopos]]
 
*[[Arturo Cephalopos]]
*Various other wandmakers
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*Various other [[wandmaker]]s around the world
 
|made=
 
|made=
 
|usage=Channelling [[magic]]
 
|usage=Channelling [[magic]]
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{{Quote|The wand chooses the wizard... it's not always clear why.|[[Garrick Ollivander|Ollivander talking to Harry Potter]]|Harry Potter and the Philosopher's Stone}}
 
{{Quote|The wand chooses the wizard... it's not always clear why.|[[Garrick Ollivander|Ollivander talking to Harry Potter]]|Harry Potter and the Philosopher's Stone}}
   
A '''Wand''' is a quasi-sentient [[magic]]al instrument through which a [[Wizardkind|witch or wizard]] channels his or her [[Magic|magical powers]], and thereby centralizing the effects for more complex results. Most spells are done with the aid of wands, but it is possible to do [[Wandless spell|spells without the use of wands]]. Wandless magic is, however, very difficult and requires much concentration and incredible skill; only truly advanced wizards are known to perform such magic.<ref name="HBP">''[[Harry Potter and the Half-Blood Prince]]''</ref>
+
A '''wand''' is a quasi-sentient [[magic]]al instrument through which a [[Wizardkind|witch or wizard]] channels her or his magical powers to centralise the effects for more complex results. Most spells are done with the aid of wands, but [[Wandless spell|spells can be cast without the use of wands]]. Wandless magic is, however, very difficult and requires much concentration and incredible skill; only truly advanced wizards are known to perform such magic. <ref name="HBP">''[[Harry Potter and the Half-Blood Prince]]''</ref>
   
In addition, magic with a wand is mostly performed with an incantation, but [[Nonverbal spell]]s are also possible for more experienced wizards and are a great deal more helpful in dueling, as the opponent has no way of knowing what spell you are going to cast and thus might not be able to adequately protect him or herself in time. Wands are referred to as "quasi-sentient" because they are as close to animate as an inanimate object can get. This is because they are imbued with a great deal of magic.<ref name="PCI">[http://www.accio-quote.org/articles/2007/1224-pottercast-anelli.html 24 December 2007 PotterCast Interviews with J.K. Rowling]</ref>
+
Magic with a wand is usually performed with an incantation, but more experienced wizards can cast [[nonverbal spell]]s, which conceal the spell until cast and may thereby prevent an opponent from adequately protecting him- or herself in time. Wands are referred to as "quasi-sentient" because their being imbued with a great deal of magic makes them as animate as an inanimate object can be.<ref name="PCI">[http://www.accio-quote.org/articles/2007/1224-pottercast-anelli.html 24 December 2007 PotterCast Interviews with J.K. Rowling]</ref>
   
Wands are manufactured and sold by Wandmakers, the most famous of these in Great Britain being [[Garrick Ollivander|Ollivander]] and [[Gregorovitch]]. Each wand is made of a specific type of [[Wand wood|wood]] with a magical substance making up the [[Wand core|core]]. Although the wand cores may come from the same creature, or the wood may come from the same tree, no two existing wands are exactly alike. The study of the history and the magical properties of wands is called [[Wandlore]].
+
Wands are manufactured and sold by [[wandmaker]]s, the most famous of these in Great Britain being [[Garrick Ollivander|Ollivander]] and [[Mykew Gregorovitch|Gregorovitch]]. Each wand consists of a specific type of [[Wand wood|wood]] that surrounds [[Wand core|core]] of magical substance. Although the wand cores may come from the same creature, or the wood may come from the same tree, no two existing wands are exactly alike. The study of the history and the magical properties of wands is called [[wandlore]].
   
 
==Acquiring a wand==
 
==Acquiring a wand==
Most witches and wizards go to buy their first wand when they are eleven, just before starting their magical education. Most English wizards and witches get their wands at [[Ollivanders Wand Shop]] in [[Diagon Alley]], where they may try out multiple wands until they find the one that suits them, or rather, the wand finds the wizard that suits it.
+
Most witches and wizards buy their first wand when they are eleven--just before starting their magical education. Most English wizards and witches buy their wands at [[Ollivanders Wand Shop]] in [[Diagon Alley]], where they may try out multiple wands until they find the one that suits them, or rather, the wand finds the wizard that suits it.  Some witches and wizards, especially those from poorer backgrounds, are left to use wands that did not choose them but chose a member of their family: [[Ronald Bilius Weasley|Ron Weasley]], for example, uses his brother [[Charles Weasley|Charlie]]'s [[Ron's 1st wand|old wand]] when he begins his first year at [[Hogwarts]].
   
 
==Wands and wandlore==
 
==Wands and wandlore==
[[Wandlore]] is a specific class of magic that refers to the history and magical properties of wands. [[Garrick Ollivander|Mr. Ollivander]] claims that it is a "complex and mysterious branch of magic."<ref name="DH">''[[Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows]]''</ref> The idea that a wand chooses the wizard is a part of wandlore, as is the idea that wands can switch allegiance.
+
[[Wandlore]] is a specific class of magic that refers to the history and magical properties of wands. [[Garrick Ollivander|Mr. Ollivander]] claims that it is a "complex and mysterious branch of magic."<ref name="DH">''[[Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows]]''</ref> The idea that a wand chooses the wizard and can switch allegiance is a part of wandlore.
   
 
==Materials==
 
==Materials==
Generally, wands are long, thin rods of [[Wand wood|wood]] with a magical substance embedded into their [[wand core|core]]. Some of the woods used include holly, sycamore, ebony, hawthorn, hazel, pear, oak, cherry, vine, rowan, cedar, ivy, rosewood, blackthorn, willow, elm, ash, mahogany, yew, birch, aspen, and elder. The [[Wand core|cores]] that have been documented are [[phoenix feather]], [[dragon heartstring]], [[Veela hair]], [[unicorn hair]], [[Thestral tail hair]], [[Kneazle]] whiskers and [[Kelpie]] hair<ref>''[[Pottermore]]''</ref>. The wandmaker [[Garrick Ollivander]] mentioned that he did not use Veela hair, as it made for "temperamental" wands. It is possible that other magical substances may be used for cores, but none have yet been specified.
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Most wands are long, thin rods of [[Wand wood|wood]] with a magical substance embedded into their [[wand core|core]]. Among the woods used are holly, sycamore, ebony, hawthorn, fir, hazel, pear, oak, cherry, vine, rowan, cedar, ivy, rosewood, blackthorn, willow, elm, ash, mahogany, yew, birch, aspen, and elder. The [[Wand core|cores]] that have been documented are [[phoenix feather]], [[dragon heartstring]], [[Veela hair]], [[unicorn hair]], [[Thestral tail hair]], [[Kneazle]] whiskers, [[Troll whisker]], and [[Kelpie]] hair<ref>''[[Pottermore]]''</ref>. The wandmaker [[Garrick Ollivander]] mentioned that he did not use Veela hair because it made for "temperamental" wands. Other magical substances may be used for cores, but none have yet been specified.
   
[[File:NN8200Llh.jpg|thumb|200px|The blackthorn wand]]
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[[File:NN8200Llh.jpg|thumb|left|210px|The blackthorn wand]]
   
Other important characteristics of a wand are its length and its rigidity, ranging from "unyielding" to "springy." All of these different factors have some effect on the overall use of the wand itself, but it is currently unknown what they actually indeed do. The characteristics of a wand also seem to have some influence over which kinds of magic the wand is particularly suited for. For example, [[James Potter I|James Potter]]'s wand was excellent at [[Transfiguration (class)|Transfiguration]], and [[Lily Evans]]' wand was described as being nice for [[Charms (class)|Charms]] work.
+
Other important characteristics of a wand are its length and its rigidity, ranging from "unyielding" to "springy." All these different factors have various effects on the character of the wand, but these rules are subtle. The characteristics of a wand also seem to have some influence over which kinds of magic the wand is particularly suited for. For example, [[James Potter I|James Potter]]'s wand was excellent at [[Transfiguration (class)|Transfiguration]], and [[Lily Evans]]' wand was described as being nice for [[Charms (class)|Charms]] work.
   
 
The exact process of making a wand is not known. Likely, it is as difficult and complex as wandlore itself.
 
The exact process of making a wand is not known. Likely, it is as difficult and complex as wandlore itself.
   
 
==General wand properties==
 
==General wand properties==
  +
{{Quote|Wands are only as powerful as the wizards who use them....|[[Hermione Granger|Hermione]] explaining to [[Harry Potter]]|Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows}}
 
[[File:1584639.jpg|thumb|The wands of Dumbledore's Army.]]
 
[[File:1584639.jpg|thumb|The wands of Dumbledore's Army.]]
{{Quote|Wands are only as powerful as the wizards who use them....|[[Hermione Granger|Hermione explaining to Harry Potter]]|Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows}}
 
In almost all documented cases, the wand chooses the wizard. This is due to the unique character of each wand, which must match that of the wizard, as the wizard may be impeded or not be able to perform magic if his or her wand's characters conflict, or the magic may be sub-par to magic performed with the wizard's own wand.<ref name="DH"/> Though according to Ollivander, wizardkind can channel their powers through almost anything, but optimum results can only be achieved with those they have a natural affinity for. When trying out different wands, a wand that is not suited to its wielder will usually not do anything at all. However, a warm feeling is an indication of when the wizard or witch chooses the right wand, and the wand sometimes emits a few sparks or does some similar small sign of magic.<ref name="PS">''[[Harry Potter and the Philosopher's Stone]]''</ref>
 
   
Since numbers have known magical properties, it's also possible that the wand's length have some symbolic meaning related to their owners, much like their core. For example, the wand of [[ Tom Riddle|Tom Riddle]], a reputed [[dark arts |dark]] wizard, measures 13½ inches and thirteen is commonly an omen of misfortune or evil in the folklore and religion of various cultures around the world.
+
In almost all documented cases the wand chooses the wizard who matches its character because the wizard may have difficulty or be unable to perform magic if his or her wand's characters conflict, or the magic may be sub-par to magic performed with a matching wand.<ref name="DH" /> Although Ollivander says that wizardkind can channel their powers through almost anything, optimum results can only be achieved with those they have a natural affinity for. When trying out different wands, a wand that is not suited to its wielder will usually not do anything at all. However, a warm feeling is an indication of having chosen the right wand, and the wand sometimes emits a few sparks or does some similar, small sign of magic.<ref name="PS">''[[Harry Potter and the Philosopher's Stone]]''</ref>
   
[[File:RonBrokenWand.jpg|thumb|left|180px|[[Ronald Weasley|Ron Weasley]] with a [[Ronald Weasley's first wand|broken wand]].]]
+
Because numbers have known magical properties, a wand's length, much like its core, may symbolize something its owner. For example, the wand of [[Tom Riddle]], a reputed [[Dark Arts|Dark]] wizard, measures 13½ inches, and thirteen is commonly an omen of misfortune or evil in the folklore and religion of various cultures around the world. Wands that are unusually short, anything less than 9", tend to belong to people "lacking" in personalities, [[Dolores Umbridge]] being a known example.<ref name="Pottermore">[http://pottercast.the-leaky-cauldron.org/episode/show/167 Pottercast 131]</ref> Wands are generally 9 to 14 inches in length although they can be as short as 7 inches and as long as 18 inches.
Wands are capable of changing masters. When a wand's master is [[Disarming Charm|disarmed]], [[Stunning Spell|stunned]], or killed, the wand may accept the old master's attacker as its new master, swaying its allegiance over to the wizard who won it from its preceding owner. This is mostly observed in the Elder Wand, which, according to Albus Dumbledore, only respects power. The Elder Wand will transfer its allegiance even if its defeated master is not in possession of it at the time. It is unknown if other wands share this trait.<ref name="DH"/> Most wands share an affinity with their masters and will not easily discontinue their allegiance with the previous master if at all. Indeed it seems unlikely the original bond is severed; if it were, a defeated witch or wizard would be better served to acquire a new wand rather than continue using it, as it would no longer perform at its peak for them, yet this is not noted to happen. Furthermore, wands forcibly taken in circumstances of purely competitive or friendly nature, or are stolen without attacking the previous master will not change allegiance.<ref>[http://pottercast.the-leaky-cauldron.org/episode/show/167 Pottercast 131]</ref>
 
   
Wands can be broken by spells or by physical damage. Wands in this condition will have greatly reduced magical abilities. Even when repaired, the wand's magic will not improve and the wand may break again while performing magic. The [[Elder Wand]] is able to completely repair broken wands, although this ability may be lost if the current master ([[Harry Potter]]) dies undefeated, as most of the wand's power would disappear with him.<ref name="DH"/>
+
[[File:RonBrokenWand.jpg|thumb|left|160px|[[Ronald Weasley|Ron Weasley]] with a [[Ronald Weasley's first wand|broken wand]].]]
  +
Wands can take new masters. When a wand's master is [[Disarming Charm|disarmed]], [[Stunning Spell|stunned]], or killed, the wand may accept the old master's attacker as its new master, swaying its allegiance over to the wizard who won it from its preceding owner. This phenomena is mostly observed in the Elder Wand, which, according to Albus Dumbledore, only respects power. The Elder Wand will transfer its allegiance even if its defeated master is not in possession of it at the time. No other wand is known to share this trait.<ref name="DH" /> Most wands are attached to their masters and will not easily discontinue their allegiance with the previous master, if at all. Indeed the original bond seems unlikely to be severed; if it were, then a defeated witch or wizard would be better served to acquire a new wand rather than continue using it because it would no longer perform at its peak for them--yet they don't. Furthermore, wands forcibly taken in circumstances of purely competitive or friendly nature or stolen without attacking the previous master will not change allegiance.<ref name="Pottermore" />
   
Wands are quasi-sentient, meaning that while they cannot think or communicate like a human, they can perform certain actions through their own will. This could be how they choose their wizard/witch, and also explains how Harry's wand was able to act on its own against Voldemort.<ref name="DH"/>
+
Spells and physical damage can break wands, greatly reducing their magical abilities. Even when repaired, the wand's magic will not improve and the wand may break again while performing magic; wands held together by something like [[Spellotape]] can backfire. The [[Elder Wand]] is able to completely repair broken wands, although this ability may be lost if the [[Harry Potter|current master]] dies undefeated because most of the wand's power would disappear with him.<ref name="DH" />
  +
  +
In addition wands seem to possess the capability to, at least partially, function underwater as was demonstrated when Harry Potter attempted to use a Revulsion Jinx to free himself from the grip of several Grindylows. However Harry noted that instead of "sending sparks at the Grindylows" it "pelted them with what seemed to be a jet of boiling water". This implies that spells function differently in an underwater environment.
  +
  +
Wands are quasi-sentient: although they cannot think or communicate like a human, they can perform certain actions through their own will.  This ability may be how they choose their wizard or witch and also explains Harry's wand's autonomously acting against Voldemort.<ref name="DH" />
   
 
==Rights of usage==
 
==Rights of usage==
Non-human [[being]]s, such as [[goblin]]s and [[House-elf|house-elves]], are prohibited from owning or using wands. For goblins in particular, this has been a point of contention with the [[Wizarding world|wizarding community]], and has been the cause of some [[Goblin Rebellions|outbreaks of violence]]. It is unknown if any formal prohibition exists against [[Muggle]]s possessing a wand, as they would be unable to use them anyway, although it could be considered a breach of the [[International Statute of Wizarding Secrecy]].
+
Such non-human [[being]]s as [[goblin]]s and [[House-elf|house-elves]] are prohibited from owning or using wands. For goblins in particular, this prohibition has been a point of contention with the [[Wizarding world|wizarding community]] and caused some [[Goblin Rebellions|outbreaks of violence]]. No known formal prohibition exists against [[Muggle]]s possessing a wand; they would be unable to use them anyway, but a Muggle's possession of a wand could be considered a breach of the [[International Statute of Wizarding Secrecy]].
  +
  +
Any underage wizards or witches who are expelled from school are forbidden from practicing magic any further, and their wands will be confiscated and destroyed. [[Rubeus Hagrid's wand]] suffered such a fate, though it was somewhat repaired and kept inside [[Rubeus Hagrid's umbrella|his umbrella]], and he is allowed to use that much. [[Gellert Grindelwald]] was expelled from [[Durmstrang Institute|Durmstrang]], but he managed to maintain his wand (or procure another one) suggesting the wand confiscation only applies to [[Hogwarts School of Witchcraft and Wizardry|Hogwarts]] students. Of course, any criminals arrested and imprisoned lose their wands as well: [[Bartemius Crouch Jr.|Barty Crouch Jr.]] claimed that he was not allowed a wand since[[ Azkaban]]; though their wands seem not destroyed but simply stored away because [[Bellatrix Lestrange]] managed to retrieve her old wand after escaping prison.
   
During the [[1997–1998 school year|last year]] of the [[Second Wizarding War]], the [[British Ministry of Magic]] was overthrown by the [[Death Eaters]], and new laws were put into effect. [[Muggle-born]] witches and wizards were regarded as having "stolen" their magic from "real" witches and wizards, and their wands were confiscated. Those who were not imprisoned were usually left [[Beggars on Diagon Alley|destitute]].
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During the [[1997–1998 school year|last year]] of the [[Second Wizarding War]], the [[British Ministry of Magic]] was overthrown by the [[Death Eaters]], and new laws were put into effect. [[Muggle-born]] witches and wizards were regarded as having "stolen" their magic from "real" witches and wizards, and their wands (which were also considered stolen) were confiscated. Those who were not imprisoned were usually left [[Beggars on Diagon Alley|destitute]].
   
 
==Makers==
 
==Makers==
[[File:Gregorovitch.jpg|thumb|right|150px|[[Gregorovitch]]]]
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{{Main|Wandmaker}}
[[File:OlwNDS.jpg|thumb|left|150px|[[Garrick Ollivander|Ollivander]]]]
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[[File:Gregorovitch.jpg|thumb|150px|[[Mykew Gregorovitch]].]]
[[File:Antioch sketch.jpg|thumb|left|150px|[[Antioch Peverell]] (Stated a wandmaker by [[Albus Dumbledore]]).]]
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[[File:OlwNDS.jpg|thumb|left|150px|[[Garrick Ollivander|Ollivander]].]]
  +
[[File:Antioch sketch.jpg|thumb|left|150px|[[Antioch Peverell]] (speculated a wandmaker by [[Albus Dumbledore]]), but not proven or fact.]]
 
[[File:JimmyKiddellsWonderfulWands.jpg|thumb|right|150px|[[Jimmy Kiddell]].]]
 
[[File:JimmyKiddellsWonderfulWands.jpg|thumb|right|150px|[[Jimmy Kiddell]].]]
There are many makers of wands, but the best known, and most experienced in Britain is [[Garrick Ollivander|Ollivander]]. The wandmaking establishment has been making wands since [[382 BC]] and is located in [[Diagon Alley]], [[London]]. Mr. Ollivander went missing in the summer of [[1996]]<ref name="HBP"/>, until he was discovered by Harry, Ron and Hermione and rescued by the house-elf [[Dobby]] in [[1998]]. He had been kidnapped by [[Death Eaters]] on [[Tom Riddle|Voldemort]]'s orders. After their rescue, Ollivander provided Harry with information about the Elder Wand and about how a wand passes ownership.
+
Many makers of wands exist, but [[Garrick Ollivander|Ollivander]] is the best known and most experienced in Britain. The wandmaking establishment has been making wands since [[382 BC]] and is in [[Diagon Alley]], [[London]]. Mr. Ollivander went missing in the summer of [[1996]]<ref name="HBP" /> until discovered by Harry, Ron and Hermione and rescued by the house-elf [[Dobby]] in [[1998]]: he had been kidnapped by [[Death Eaters]] on [[Tom Riddle|Voldemort]]'s orders.  Ollivander thereafter tells Harry about the Elder Wand and how a wand passes ownership.
   
There were more British wandmakers, such as [[Jimmy Kiddell]], but their wands were stated to be not as good as Ollivander's.
+
More British wandmakers exist, for example, [[Jimmy Kiddell]], but their wands were stated to be not as good as Ollivander's.
   
Another notable wand maker was [[Gregorovitch]], who had made the wand of [[Viktor Krum]], and once wielded the [[Elder Wand]]. In [[1997]] he was tracked down and questioned by [[Tom Riddle|Voldemort]] in Voldemort's quest to find the [[Elder Wand]]. Once Voldemort finished questioning Gregorovitch, he murdered him.<ref name="DH"/>
+
Another notable wand maker was [[Mykew Gregorovitch]], who had made the wand of [[Viktor Krum]] and once wielded the [[Elder Wand]]. In [[1997]] he was tracked down and questioned by [[Tom Riddle|Voldemort]] in Voldemort's quest to find the [[Elder Wand]]. Once Voldemort finished questioning Gregorovitch, he murdered him.<ref name="DH" />
   
According to legend, [[Death (The Tale of the Three Brothers)|Death]] created the [[Elder Wand]], the most powerful wand in existence, from the branch of an elder tree. [[Albus Dumbledore]], however, believed it was more likely that the wand had been created by [[Antioch Peverell]] himself.
+
According to legend, [[Death (The Tale of the Three Brothers)|Death]] created the [[Elder Wand]], the most powerful wand in existence, from the branch of an elder tree. [[Albus Dumbledore]], however, believed that [[Antioch Peverell]] was more the likely creator.
   
 
==Known wands==
 
==Known wands==
<gallery widths="125" captionalign="left" position="center" orientation="none">
+
<gallery widths="125" position="center" orientation="none">
 
harryswandlg.jpg|[[Harry Potter's wand]]
 
harryswandlg.jpg|[[Harry Potter's wand]]
 
ronswandlg.jpg|[[Ron Weasley's wand]]
 
ronswandlg.jpg|[[Ron Weasley's wand]]
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NN8276Lh.jpg|[[Seamus Finnigan's wand]]
 
NN8276Lh.jpg|[[Seamus Finnigan's wand]]
 
NN8200Llh.jpg|[[Blackthorn wand]], used by a Snatcher and then Harry Potter
 
NN8200Llh.jpg|[[Blackthorn wand]], used by a Snatcher and then Harry Potter
Gregorovitch's wand.jpg|[[Gregorovitch's first wand]]
+
Gregorovitch's wand.jpg|[[Mykew Gregorovitch's first wand]]
 
Grindelwald's wand.jpg|[[Gellert Grindelwald's wand]]
 
Grindelwald's wand.jpg|[[Gellert Grindelwald's wand]]
 
Krumwand.jpg|[[Viktor Krum's wand]]
 
Krumwand.jpg|[[Viktor Krum's wand]]
 
382729_244770512254106_226715670726257_668925_935105554_n.jpg|[[Peter Pettigrew's second wand]]
 
382729_244770512254106_226715670726257_668925_935105554_n.jpg|[[Peter Pettigrew's second wand]]
  +
NN8222Lh.jpg|Death Eater Wand (Brown Variant)
  +
NN8223Lh.jpg|Death Eater Wand (Swirl Variant)
  +
NN8221Lh.jpg|Death Eater wand (Skull Variant)
 
</gallery>
 
</gallery>
   
{|class="wikitable" border="2" cellspacing="1" cellpadding="4"
+
{| class="wikitable" border="2" cellspacing="1" cellpadding="4"
|-bgcolor="#cccccc"
+
|- bgcolor="#cccccc"
 
!Owner
 
!Owner
 
!Wood
 
!Wood
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!Notes
 
!Notes
 
|-
 
|-
|[[Albus Dumbledore]] (wand #1)
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|[[Albus Dumbledore]]
|unknown
 
|unknown
 
|unknown
 
|unknown
 
|As Dumbledore won the [[Elder Wand]] after a duel, it can be assumed that he started with a different wand.
 
|-
 
|Albus Dumbledore (wand #2)
 
 
|[[Elder]]
 
|[[Elder]]
 
|15"
 
|15"
 
|[[Thestral tail hair]]
 
|[[Thestral tail hair]]
|unknown
+
|Unknown
 
|The [[Elder Wand]], one of the [[Deathly Hallows]]. Also known as the Deathstick and the Wand of Destiny.
 
|The [[Elder Wand]], one of the [[Deathly Hallows]]. Also known as the Deathstick and the Wand of Destiny.
 
|-
 
|-
|[[Bellatrix Lestrange ]]
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|[[Bellatrix Lestrange]]
 
|[[Walnut]]
 
|[[Walnut]]
 
|12¾"
 
|12¾"
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|Unyielding
 
|Unyielding
 
|This [[Bellatrix Lestrange's wand|wand]] is described as "unyielding;" passed into the possession of Hermione Granger after the [[Skirmish at Malfoy Manor]] in 1998.
 
|This [[Bellatrix Lestrange's wand|wand]] is described as "unyielding;" passed into the possession of Hermione Granger after the [[Skirmish at Malfoy Manor]] in 1998.
  +
|-
  +
|[[Cadogan|Sir Cadogan]]
  +
|[[Blackthorn]] (according to legend)
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|9" (according to legend)
  +
|[[Troll whisker]] (according to legend)
  +
|Combustible (according to legend)
  +
|This wand was broken during [[Cadogan|Sir Cadogan]]'s encounter with the [[Wyvern of Wye]]. However, Cadogan still tried to combat the beast even with a broken wand, which led to his victory when the wand pierced the Wyvern's tongue and ignited its stomach fumes.
 
|-
 
|-
 
|[[Cedric Diggory]]
 
|[[Cedric Diggory]]
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|12¼"
 
|12¼"
 
|[[Unicorn hair]]
 
|[[Unicorn hair]]
|unknown
+
|Unknown
|This [[Cedric Diggory's wand|wand]] was "pleasantly springy;" hair from particularly fine male unicorn (seventeen hands high), which nearly gored [[Garrick Ollivander|Mr. Ollivander]] with its horn after he plucked its tail hair.
+
|This [[Cedric Diggory's wand|wand]] was "pleasantly springy"; hair from particularly fine male unicorn (seventeen hands high), which nearly gored [[Garrick Ollivander|Mr. Ollivander]] with its horn after he plucked its tail hair.
  +
|-
  +
|[[Celestina Warbeck]]
  +
|[[Larch]]
  +
|Unknown
  +
|[[Phoenix feather]]
  +
|Unknown
  +
|Celestina Warbeck's wand is mentioned in the lyrics of the title track of her best-selling album, ''[[You Stole My Cauldron but You Can't Have my Heart]]''.<ref name="WWoHP">[http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=MWdOo5YHUR0 Inside the Magic: "Singing Sorceress: Celestina Warbeck and the Banshees in Diagon Alley at Universal Orlando"] on [http://www.youtube.com/ Youtube]</ref>
 
|-
 
|-
 
|[[Dolores Umbridge]]
 
|[[Dolores Umbridge]]
|unknown
+
|Unknown
|unknown
+
|"Unusually short"
|unknown
+
|Unknown
|unknown
+
|Unknown
 
|This [[Dolores Umbridge's wand|wand]] is described as "unusually short;" broken by a [[centaur]]'s hoof in June 1996 in the [[Forbidden Forest]].
 
|This [[Dolores Umbridge's wand|wand]] is described as "unusually short;" broken by a [[centaur]]'s hoof in June 1996 in the [[Forbidden Forest]].
 
|-
 
|-
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|inflexible
 
|inflexible
 
|In this [[Fleur Delacour's wand|wand]] the core is a hair from Fleur's [[Apolline Delacour's mother|grandmother]], who was a [[Veela]].
 
|In this [[Fleur Delacour's wand|wand]] the core is a hair from Fleur's [[Apolline Delacour's mother|grandmother]], who was a [[Veela]].
|-
 
|[[Filius Flitwick]]
 
|unknown
 
|unknown
 
|unknown
 
|unknown
 
|Used to a hover a feather; may be used as a baton.
 
 
|-
 
|-
 
|[[Garrick Ollivander]]
 
|[[Garrick Ollivander]]
 
|Hornbeam
 
|Hornbeam
 
|12¾"
 
|12¾"
|Dragon heartstring
+
|[[Dragon heartstring]]
|slightly bendy
+
|Slightly bendy
 
|
 
|
 
|-
 
|-
|[[Gellert Grindelwald]]
+
|[[Gilderoy Lockhart]]
|[[Elder]]
+
|Cherry
|15"
+
|9"
|[[Thestral tail hair]]
+
|[[Dragon Heartstring]]
|unknown
+
|Slightly bendy
|The [[Elder Wand]]. Taken from him by [[Albus Dumbledore]] after a legendary [[duel]] in [[1945]].
+
|
 
|-
 
|-
|[[Harry Potter's wand]] #1)
+
|[[Harry Potter's wand]] (wand #1)
 
|[[Holly]]
 
|[[Holly]]
 
|11"
 
|11"
Line 211: Line 213:
 
|[[Blackthorn]]
 
|[[Blackthorn]]
 
|10"
 
|10"
|unknown
+
|Unknown
|unknown
+
|Unknown
 
|This [[blackthorn wand|wand]] was taken from a [[Snatchers|Snatcher]] by Ron Weasley in [[1997]], and used by Harry until [[1998]], when he took [[Draco Malfoy's wand]].
 
|This [[blackthorn wand|wand]] was taken from a [[Snatchers|Snatcher]] by Ron Weasley in [[1997]], and used by Harry until [[1998]], when he took [[Draco Malfoy's wand]].
 
|-
 
|-
|Harry Potter (wand #3)
+
|[[Hermione Granger]]
|[[Hawthorn]]
 
|10"
 
|[[Unicorn hair]]
 
|reasonably springy
 
|This was [[Draco Malfoy's wand]] and was " passed into the possession of Harry Potter after the [[Skirmish at Malfoy Manor]] in 1998 until Harry came into possession of the Elder Wand and mended his first wand.
 
|-
 
|Harry Potter (wand #4)
 
|[[Elder]]
 
|15"
 
|[[Thestral tail hair]]
 
|unknown
 
|After disarming [[Draco Malfoy]] of his wand in 1998, Harry also gained control of the Elder Wand. He used the wand only once, in May of 1998 in order to repair his [[Phoenix feather|phoenix]] wand, after which he returned it to [[Albus Dumbledore]]'s grave.
 
|-
 
|[[Hermione Granger]] (wand #1)
 
 
|[[Vine]]
 
|[[Vine]]
|10¾"
+
|Unknown
 
|[[Dragon heartstring]]
 
|[[Dragon heartstring]]
|unknown
+
|Unknown
 
|[[Hermione Granger's wand|This wand]] was confiscated when the trio was captured by [[Snatchers]] in [[1998]].
 
|[[Hermione Granger's wand|This wand]] was confiscated when the trio was captured by [[Snatchers]] in [[1998]].
|-
 
|Hermione Granger (wand #2)
 
|[[Walnut]]
 
|12¾"
 
|[[Dragon heartstring]]
 
|Unyielding
 
|This was Bellatrix Lestrange's [[Bellatrix Lestrange's wand|wand]]. It was taken from her during the [[Skirmish at Malfoy Manor]], and used by Hermione Granger afterwards.
 
 
|-
 
|-
 
|[[James Potter I|James Potter]]
 
|[[James Potter I|James Potter]]
 
|[[Mahogany]]
 
|[[Mahogany]]
 
|11"
 
|11"
|unknown
+
|Unknown
|pliable
+
|Pliable
 
|This [[James Potter's wand|wand]] was "excellent for transfiguration."
 
|This [[James Potter's wand|wand]] was "excellent for transfiguration."
 
|-
 
|-
Line 239: Line 234:
 
|[[Willow]]
 
|[[Willow]]
 
|10¼"
 
|10¼"
|unknown
+
|Unknown
|swishy
+
|Swishy
 
|This [[Lily Evans' wand|wand]] was "nice for Charm work."
 
|This [[Lily Evans' wand|wand]] was "nice for Charm work."
 
|-
 
|-
Line 247: Line 242:
 
|18"
 
|18"
 
|[[Dragon heartstring]]
 
|[[Dragon heartstring]]
|unyielding
+
|Unyielding
 
|This [[Lucius Malfoy's wand|wand]] was kept in a [[Lucius Malfoy's walking stick|snake-headed walking stick]] that Lucius carried; "borrowed" by Lord Voldemort and destroyed by [[Harry Potter's wand]] during the [[Battle of the Seven Potters]] in 1997.
 
|This [[Lucius Malfoy's wand|wand]] was kept in a [[Lucius Malfoy's walking stick|snake-headed walking stick]] that Lucius carried; "borrowed" by Lord Voldemort and destroyed by [[Harry Potter's wand]] during the [[Battle of the Seven Potters]] in 1997.
|-
 
|[[Luna Lovegood]] ([[Luna Lovegood's first wand|wand #1]])
 
|unknown
 
|unknown
 
|unknown
 
|unknown
 
|This [[Luna Lovegood's first wand|wand]] was taken from Luna when she was captured by [[Death Eaters]] and imprisoned in [[Malfoy Manor]] in [[1997]].
 
|-
 
|Luna Lovegood ([[Luna Lovegood's second wand|wand #2]])
 
|unknown
 
|unknown
 
|unknown
 
|unknown
 
|This [[Luna Lovegood's second wand|wand]] was made for Luna by [[Garrick Ollivander]] in [[1998]].
 
 
|-
 
|-
 
|[[Mary Cattermole]]
 
|[[Mary Cattermole]]
Line 268: Line 249:
 
|8¾"
 
|8¾"
 
|[[Unicorn hair]]
 
|[[Unicorn hair]]
|unknown
+
|Unknown
 
|This [[Mary Cattermole's wand|wand]] was confiscated by the [[Muggle-Born Registration Commission]] in [[1997]].
 
|This [[Mary Cattermole's wand|wand]] was confiscated by the [[Muggle-Born Registration Commission]] in [[1997]].
  +
|-
  +
|[[Merlin]]
  +
|Believed to have been [[English oak]]
  +
|Unknown
  +
|Unknown
  +
|Unknown
  +
|
 
|-
 
|-
 
|[[Minerva McGonagall]]
 
|[[Minerva McGonagall]]
Line 275: Line 263:
 
|9½"
 
|9½"
 
|[[Dragon heartstring]]
 
|[[Dragon heartstring]]
|stiff
+
|Stiff
 
|This [[Minerva McGonagall's wand|wand]] was most likely purchased from Ollivanders in 1937 when she was eleven.
 
|This [[Minerva McGonagall's wand|wand]] was most likely purchased from Ollivanders in 1937 when she was eleven.
 
|-
 
|-
|[[Narcissa Malfoy]]
+
|[[Neville Longbottom]]
|unknown
 
|unknown
 
|unknown
 
|unknown
 
|Narcissa lent [[Narcissa Malfoy's wand|her wand]] to her son Draco following the [[Skirmish at Malfoy Manor]], when his wand was taken by [[Harry Potter]]. Draco subsequently lost it in the [[Room of Requirement]].
 
|-
 
|[[Neville Longbottom]] ([[Neville Longbottom's first wand|wand #1]])
 
|unknown
 
|unknown
 
|unknown
 
|unknown
 
|Belonged to Neville's father [[Frank Longbottom|Frank]]; broken by [[Antonin Dolohov]] in June 1996 during the [[Battle of the Department of Mysteries]].
 
|-
 
|Neville Longbottom ([[Neville Longbottom's second wand|wand #2]])
 
 
|[[Cherry]]
 
|[[Cherry]]
 
|13"
 
|13"
 
|[[Unicorn hair]]
 
|[[Unicorn hair]]
|unknown
+
|Unknown
|May have been one of the last [[Neville Longbottom's second wand|wands]] [[Garrick Ollivander|Mr. Ollivander]] sold before he disappeared in 1996.
+
|[[Neville Longbottom's second wand|This wand]] may have been one of the last wands [[Garrick Ollivander|Mr. Ollivander]] sold before he disappeared in 1996.
 
|-
 
|-
 
|[[Peter Pettigrew]]
 
|[[Peter Pettigrew]]
Line 289: Line 277:
 
|9¼"
 
|9¼"
 
|[[Dragon heartstring]]
 
|[[Dragon heartstring]]
|brittle
+
|Brittle
|This [[Peter Pettigrew's wand|wand]] was " owned by Pettigrew only since Ollivander had been kidnapped of [[1996]]; passed into the possession of Ron Weasley after the [[Skirmish at Malfoy Manor]] in 1998.
+
|This [[Peter Pettigrew's wand|wand]] was owned by Pettigrew only since Ollivander had been kidnapped of [[1996]]; passed into the possession of Ron Weasley after the [[Skirmish at Malfoy Manor]] in 1998.
 
|-
 
|-
 
|[[Quirinus Quirrell]]
 
|[[Quirinus Quirrell]]
 
|Alder
 
|Alder
 
|9"
 
|9"
|Unicorn hair
+
|
|bendy
+
[[Unicorn hair]]
  +
|Bendy
  +
|
  +
|-
  +
|[[Remus Lupin]]
  +
|Cypress
  +
|10¼"
  +
|[[Unicorn hair]]
  +
|Pliable
 
|
 
|
 
|-
 
|-
Line 303: Line 291:
 
|12"
 
|12"
 
|[[Unicorn hair]]
 
|[[Unicorn hair]]
|unknown
+
|Unknown
 
|Ron's brother [[Charles Weasley|Charlie]]'s old [[Ronald Weasley's first wand|wand]]; severely damaged in September 1992 after a run-in with the [[Whomping Willow]].
 
|Ron's brother [[Charles Weasley|Charlie]]'s old [[Ronald Weasley's first wand|wand]]; severely damaged in September 1992 after a run-in with the [[Whomping Willow]].
 
|-
 
|-
Line 310: Line 298:
 
|14"
 
|14"
 
|[[Unicorn hair]]
 
|[[Unicorn hair]]
|unknown
+
|Unknown
 
|Purchased with [[Arthur Weasley|his father]]'s winnings from a ''[[Daily Prophet]]'' draw. Taken from him by Snatchers and replaced with Peter Pettigrew's wand.
 
|Purchased with [[Arthur Weasley|his father]]'s winnings from a ''[[Daily Prophet]]'' draw. Taken from him by Snatchers and replaced with Peter Pettigrew's wand.
 
|-
 
|-
Line 317: Line 305:
 
|9¼"
 
|9¼"
 
|[[Dragon heartstring]]
 
|[[Dragon heartstring]]
|brittle
+
|Brittle
|This was Peter Pettigrew's [[Peter Pettigrew's wand|wand]]. During the [[Skirmish at Malfoy Manor]], Ron took this wand from Pettigrew and used from then on as his own wand was taken by Snatchers.
+
|This was Peter Pettigrew's [[Peter Pettigrew's wand|wand]]. During the [[Skirmish at Malfoy Manor]], Ron took this wand from Pettigrew and used from then on, as his own wand was taken by Snatchers.
 
|-
 
|-
 
|[[Rubeus Hagrid]]
 
|[[Rubeus Hagrid]]
 
|[[Oak]]
 
|[[Oak]]
 
|16"
 
|16"
|unknown
+
|Unknown
|rather bendy
+
|Rather bendy
|This [[Rubeus Hagrid's wand|wand]] was;" snapped in half when Hagrid was expelled from [[Hogwarts School of Witchcraft and Wizardry|Hogwarts]] during his third year - the pieces are certainly hidden in Hagrid's pink umbrella.
+
|This [[Rubeus Hagrid's wand|wand]] was snapped in half when Hagrid was expelled from [[Hogwarts School of Witchcraft and Wizardry|Hogwarts]] during his third year - the pieces are certainly hidden in Hagrid's pink umbrella.
 
|-
 
|-
|[[Seamus Finnigan]]
+
|[[Silvanus Kettleburn]]
|unknown
+
|[[Chestnut]]
|unknown
+
|11½"
|unknown
+
|[[Phoenix feather]]
|unknown
+
|Whippy
|Used this [[Seamus Finnigan's wand|wand]] to set fire to a feather in his first year.
+
|
|-
 
|[[Selwyn]]
 
|unknown
 
|unknown
 
|unknown
 
|unknown
 
|This wand was taken by [[Tom Riddle|Lord Voldemort]] during the [[Battle of the Seven Potters]] after the [[Lucius Malfoy's wand|wand he was using]] was destroyed.
 
|-
 
|[[Sybill Trelawney]]
 
|unknown
 
|unknown
 
|unkownn
 
|unknown
 
|Professor Trelawney used her [[Sybill Trelawney's wand|wand]] during the [[Battle of Hogwarts]] to drop a [[Crystal ball]] on [[Fenrir Greyback]]'s head as he attempted to attack [[Lavender Brown]]. This most likely saved her life. She also used her wand to continue throwing crystal balls onto the heads of [[Death Eaters]] with a "Tennis-Like Swerve."
 
 
|-
 
|-
 
|[[Tom Riddle|Tom Marvolo Riddle]] ([[Tom Riddle|Lord Voldemort]])
 
|[[Tom Riddle|Tom Marvolo Riddle]] ([[Tom Riddle|Lord Voldemort]])
Line 338: Line 326:
 
|13½"
 
|13½"
 
|[[Phoenix feather]]
 
|[[Phoenix feather]]
|unknown
+
|Unknown
 
|This [[Tom Riddle's wand|wand]] is "brother" to Harry Potter's wand - the core tail feathers are both from [[Fawkes]].
 
|This [[Tom Riddle's wand|wand]] is "brother" to Harry Potter's wand - the core tail feathers are both from [[Fawkes]].
 
|-
 
|-
Line 345: Line 333:
 
|10¼"
 
|10¼"
 
|[[Dragon heartstring]]
 
|[[Dragon heartstring]]
|quite rigid
+
|Quite rigid
|This [[Viktor Krum's wand|wand]] is thicker than usual, and made by [[Gregorovitch]].
+
|This [[Viktor Krum's wand|wand]] is thicker than usual, and made by [[Mykew Gregorovitch|Gregorovitch]].
 
|}
 
|}
   
 
==Behind the scenes==
 
==Behind the scenes==
 
[[File:Wand_1.jpg|thumb|Wands drawn on the covers of the American version of the books by [[Mary GrandPré]] are shown as extremely long and thin.]]
 
[[File:Wand_1.jpg|thumb|Wands drawn on the covers of the American version of the books by [[Mary GrandPré]] are shown as extremely long and thin.]]
*Wands used in the Harry Potter films are shown to have clear handles for wizards to hold onto them such as the bone handle of Voldemort's yew wand. The books however do not describe such handles. In fact all the pictures by Mary GrandPré in the American editions depict all wands as thin rods. However this is only supported by Harry's feeling that his wand is a "strip of wood" compared to a dragon. (This is contradicted in the US hardcover edition of Deathly Hallows on page 343, during Voldemort's flashback of the night he murdered Lily and James. ..."he fingered the handle of his wand.") This may be however a reference to the end he uses to hold the wand.
+
*Wands used in the Harry Potter films are shown to have clear handles for wizards to hold onto them such as the bone handle of Voldemort's yew wand. The books however do not describe such handles. In fact all the pictures by Mary GrandPré in the American editions depict all wands as thin rods. However this is only supported by Harry's feeling that his wand is a "strip of wood" compared to a dragon, and Harry's wand being described as pencil like, when he steps on it in Bathilda's house. <ref>''[[Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows]]'', Chapter Seventeen</ref>(This is contradicted in the same chapter in Deathly Hallows, during Voldemort's flashback of the night he murdered Lily and James. ..."he fingered the handle of his wand.")
 
*Also, in the films, the wands are shown a couple of inches longer than they are shown in the books. The films seem to include more gestures when using a wand, not just waving it and pointing it. The different styles were shown properly in the film version of the [[Battle of the Department of Mysteries]].
 
*Also, in the films, the wands are shown a couple of inches longer than they are shown in the books. The films seem to include more gestures when using a wand, not just waving it and pointing it. The different styles were shown properly in the film version of the [[Battle of the Department of Mysteries]].
 
*It is theorised that the wand's length is proportional to the wizard's height: the longer the wand, the taller the wizard, and the shorter the wand, the shorter the wizard. Although this pattern is generally supported (eg, [[Dolores Umbridge]]'s short wand, [[Rubeus Hagrid]]'s long wand) this may not always be the case. For example, Draco Malfoy, despite being tall, had a relatively short wand. However, J.K. Rowling stated that wands are generally shorter when witches or wizards are lacking in personality, rather than size.
 
*It is theorised that the wand's length is proportional to the wizard's height: the longer the wand, the taller the wizard, and the shorter the wand, the shorter the wizard. Although this pattern is generally supported (eg, [[Dolores Umbridge]]'s short wand, [[Rubeus Hagrid]]'s long wand) this may not always be the case. For example, Draco Malfoy, despite being tall, had a relatively short wand. However, J.K. Rowling stated that wands are generally shorter when witches or wizards are lacking in personality, rather than size.
Line 361: Line 349:
 
*Wands are often buried or burned when the owner dies.<ref>''[[The Tales of Beedle the Bard (real)]]'', pg 104</ref>
 
*Wands are often buried or burned when the owner dies.<ref>''[[The Tales of Beedle the Bard (real)]]'', pg 104</ref>
 
*The right to carry a wand at all times was established by the [[International Confederation of Wizards]] in 1692, when Muggle persecution was at its height and the wizards were planning their retreat into hiding.<ref>''[[Quidditch Through the Ages (real)]]'', pg 28</ref>
 
*The right to carry a wand at all times was established by the [[International Confederation of Wizards]] in 1692, when Muggle persecution was at its height and the wizards were planning their retreat into hiding.<ref>''[[Quidditch Through the Ages (real)]]'', pg 28</ref>
*Although Harry's wand is known to be made of holly (an extremely light wood), his prop wand is significantly darker, suggesting a different wood. However, other wands appear to be varnished or coloured, so this isn't necessarily a break in continuity. Wood is a matte material so most if not all wands in the movies have some kind of colour treatment.
+
*Although Harry's wand is known to be made of holly (an almost white wood), his prop wand is significantly darker, suggesting a different wood. However, other wands appear to be varnished or coloured, so this isn't necessarily a break in continuity. Wood is a matte material so most if not all wands in the movies have some kind of colour treatment.
 
*It is interesting to note that Viktor Krum's wand and Hermione Granger's first wand have the same length and the same core.
 
*It is interesting to note that Viktor Krum's wand and Hermione Granger's first wand have the same length and the same core.
 
*In the ''[[LEGO Harry Potter]]'' releases, wands were created using a repurpose of the lightsaber piece used for [[w:c:starwars:LEGO|''LEGO Star Wars'']]. The wands are thick, long and almost bigger than a character.
 
*In the ''[[LEGO Harry Potter]]'' releases, wands were created using a repurpose of the lightsaber piece used for [[w:c:starwars:LEGO|''LEGO Star Wars'']]. The wands are thick, long and almost bigger than a character.
Line 392: Line 380:
 
*''[[Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows: Part 2 (video game)]]''
 
*''[[Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows: Part 2 (video game)]]''
 
*''[[The Tales of Beedle the Bard]]''
 
*''[[The Tales of Beedle the Bard]]''
  +
*''[[Quidditch Through the Ages (real)|Quidditch Through the Ages]]''
 
*''[[Harry Potter: A Pop-Up Book]]''
 
*''[[Harry Potter: A Pop-Up Book]]''
 
*''[[LEGO Harry Potter: Building the Magical World]]''
 
*''[[LEGO Harry Potter: Building the Magical World]]''

Latest revision as of 20:06, September 8, 2014

Pottermore wands
Wand
Object information
Manufacturer
Usage

Channelling magic

Owners

Most witches and wizards from the age of eleven who have not had their wand broken or made unusable for any given reason.

"The wand chooses the wizard... it's not always clear why."
Ollivander talking to Harry Potter[src]

A wand is a quasi-sentient magical instrument through which a witch or wizard channels her or his magical powers to centralise the effects for more complex results. Most spells are done with the aid of wands, but spells can be cast without the use of wands. Wandless magic is, however, very difficult and requires much concentration and incredible skill; only truly advanced wizards are known to perform such magic. [1]

Magic with a wand is usually performed with an incantation, but more experienced wizards can cast nonverbal spells, which conceal the spell until cast and may thereby prevent an opponent from adequately protecting him- or herself in time. Wands are referred to as "quasi-sentient" because their being imbued with a great deal of magic makes them as animate as an inanimate object can be.[2]

Wands are manufactured and sold by wandmakers, the most famous of these in Great Britain being Ollivander and Gregorovitch. Each wand consists of a specific type of wood that surrounds a core of magical substance. Although the wand cores may come from the same creature, or the wood may come from the same tree, no two existing wands are exactly alike. The study of the history and the magical properties of wands is called wandlore.

Acquiring a wandEdit

Most witches and wizards buy their first wand when they are eleven--just before starting their magical education. Most English wizards and witches buy their wands at Ollivanders Wand Shop in Diagon Alley, where they may try out multiple wands until they find the one that suits them, or rather, the wand finds the wizard that suits it.  Some witches and wizards, especially those from poorer backgrounds, are left to use wands that did not choose them but chose a member of their family: Ron Weasley, for example, uses his brother Charlie's old wand when he begins his first year at Hogwarts.

Wands and wandloreEdit

Wandlore is a specific class of magic that refers to the history and magical properties of wands. Mr. Ollivander claims that it is a "complex and mysterious branch of magic."[3] The idea that a wand chooses the wizard and can switch allegiance is a part of wandlore.

MaterialsEdit

Most wands are long, thin rods of wood with a magical substance embedded into their core. Among the woods used are holly, sycamore, ebony, hawthorn, fir, hazel, pear, oak, cherry, vine, rowan, cedar, ivy, rosewood, blackthorn, willow, elm, ash, mahogany, yew, birch, aspen, and elder. The cores that have been documented are phoenix feather, dragon heartstring, Veela hair, unicorn hair, Thestral tail hair, Kneazle whiskers, Troll whisker, and Kelpie hair[4]. The wandmaker Garrick Ollivander mentioned that he did not use Veela hair because it made for "temperamental" wands. Other magical substances may be used for cores, but none have yet been specified.

NN8200Llh

The blackthorn wand

Other important characteristics of a wand are its length and its rigidity, ranging from "unyielding" to "springy." All these different factors have various effects on the character of the wand, but these rules are subtle. The characteristics of a wand also seem to have some influence over which kinds of magic the wand is particularly suited for. For example, James Potter's wand was excellent at Transfiguration, and Lily Evans' wand was described as being nice for Charms work.

The exact process of making a wand is not known. Likely, it is as difficult and complex as wandlore itself.

General wand propertiesEdit

"Wands are only as powerful as the wizards who use them...."
Hermione explaining to Harry Potter[src]
1584639

The wands of Dumbledore's Army.

In almost all documented cases the wand chooses the wizard who matches its character because the wizard may have difficulty or be unable to perform magic if his or her wand's characters conflict, or the magic may be sub-par to magic performed with a matching wand.[3] Although Ollivander says that wizardkind can channel their powers through almost anything, optimum results can only be achieved with those they have a natural affinity for. When trying out different wands, a wand that is not suited to its wielder will usually not do anything at all. However, a warm feeling is an indication of having chosen the right wand, and the wand sometimes emits a few sparks or does some similar, small sign of magic.[5]

Because numbers have known magical properties, a wand's length, much like its core, may symbolize something its owner. For example, the wand of Tom Riddle, a reputed Dark wizard, measures 13½ inches, and thirteen is commonly an omen of misfortune or evil in the folklore and religion of various cultures around the world. Wands that are unusually short, anything less than 9", tend to belong to people "lacking" in personalities, Dolores Umbridge being a known example.[6] Wands are generally 9 to 14 inches in length although they can be as short as 7 inches and as long as 18 inches.

RonBrokenWand

Ron Weasley with a broken wand.

Wands can take new masters. When a wand's master is disarmed, stunned, or killed, the wand may accept the old master's attacker as its new master, swaying its allegiance over to the wizard who won it from its preceding owner. This phenomena is mostly observed in the Elder Wand, which, according to Albus Dumbledore, only respects power. The Elder Wand will transfer its allegiance even if its defeated master is not in possession of it at the time. No other wand is known to share this trait.[3] Most wands are attached to their masters and will not easily discontinue their allegiance with the previous master, if at all. Indeed the original bond seems unlikely to be severed; if it were, then a defeated witch or wizard would be better served to acquire a new wand rather than continue using it because it would no longer perform at its peak for them--yet they don't. Furthermore, wands forcibly taken in circumstances of purely competitive or friendly nature or stolen without attacking the previous master will not change allegiance.[6]

Spells and physical damage can break wands, greatly reducing their magical abilities. Even when repaired, the wand's magic will not improve and the wand may break again while performing magic; wands held together by something like Spellotape can backfire. The Elder Wand is able to completely repair broken wands, although this ability may be lost if the current master dies undefeated because most of the wand's power would disappear with him.[3]

In addition wands seem to possess the capability to, at least partially, function underwater as was demonstrated when Harry Potter attempted to use a Revulsion Jinx to free himself from the grip of several Grindylows. However Harry noted that instead of "sending sparks at the Grindylows" it "pelted them with what seemed to be a jet of boiling water". This implies that spells function differently in an underwater environment.

Wands are quasi-sentient: although they cannot think or communicate like a human, they can perform certain actions through their own will.  This ability may be how they choose their wizard or witch and also explains Harry's wand's autonomously acting against Voldemort.[3]

Rights of usageEdit

Such non-human beings as goblins and house-elves are prohibited from owning or using wands. For goblins in particular, this prohibition has been a point of contention with the wizarding community and caused some outbreaks of violence. No known formal prohibition exists against Muggles possessing a wand; they would be unable to use them anyway, but a Muggle's possession of a wand could be considered a breach of the International Statute of Wizarding Secrecy.

Any underage wizards or witches who are expelled from school are forbidden from practicing magic any further, and their wands will be confiscated and destroyed. Rubeus Hagrid's wand suffered such a fate, though it was somewhat repaired and kept inside his umbrella, and he is allowed to use that much. Gellert Grindelwald was expelled from Durmstrang, but he managed to maintain his wand (or procure another one) suggesting the wand confiscation only applies to Hogwarts students. Of course, any criminals arrested and imprisoned lose their wands as well: Barty Crouch Jr. claimed that he was not allowed a wand since Azkaban; though their wands seem not destroyed but simply stored away because Bellatrix Lestrange managed to retrieve her old wand after escaping prison.

During the last year of the Second Wizarding War, the British Ministry of Magic was overthrown by the Death Eaters, and new laws were put into effect. Muggle-born witches and wizards were regarded as having "stolen" their magic from "real" witches and wizards, and their wands (which were also considered stolen) were confiscated. Those who were not imprisoned were usually left destitute.

MakersEdit

Main article: Wandmaker
Gregorovitch

Mykew Gregorovitch.

OlwNDS

Ollivander.

Antioch sketch

Antioch Peverell (speculated a wandmaker by Albus Dumbledore), but not proven or fact.

JimmyKiddellsWonderfulWands

Jimmy Kiddell.

Many makers of wands exist, but Ollivander is the best known and most experienced in Britain. The wandmaking establishment has been making wands since 382 BC and is in Diagon Alley, London. Mr. Ollivander went missing in the summer of 1996[1] until discovered by Harry, Ron and Hermione and rescued by the house-elf Dobby in 1998: he had been kidnapped by Death Eaters on Voldemort's orders.  Ollivander thereafter tells Harry about the Elder Wand and how a wand passes ownership.

More British wandmakers exist, for example, Jimmy Kiddell, but their wands were stated to be not as good as Ollivander's.

Another notable wand maker was Mykew Gregorovitch, who had made the wand of Viktor Krum and once wielded the Elder Wand. In 1997 he was tracked down and questioned by Voldemort in Voldemort's quest to find the Elder Wand. Once Voldemort finished questioning Gregorovitch, he murdered him.[3]

According to legend, Death created the Elder Wand, the most powerful wand in existence, from the branch of an elder tree. Albus Dumbledore, however, believed that Antioch Peverell was more the likely creator.

Known wandsEdit

Owner Wood Length Core Flexibility Notes
Albus Dumbledore Elder 15" Thestral tail hair Unknown The Elder Wand, one of the Deathly Hallows. Also known as the Deathstick and the Wand of Destiny.
Bellatrix Lestrange Walnut 12¾" Dragon heartstring Unyielding This wand is described as "unyielding;" passed into the possession of Hermione Granger after the Skirmish at Malfoy Manor in 1998.
Sir Cadogan Blackthorn (according to legend) 9" (according to legend) Troll whisker (according to legend) Combustible (according to legend) This wand was broken during Sir Cadogan's encounter with the Wyvern of Wye. However, Cadogan still tried to combat the beast even with a broken wand, which led to his victory when the wand pierced the Wyvern's tongue and ignited its stomach fumes.
Cedric Diggory Ash 12¼" Unicorn hair Unknown This wand was "pleasantly springy"; hair from particularly fine male unicorn (seventeen hands high), which nearly gored Mr. Ollivander with its horn after he plucked its tail hair.
Celestina Warbeck Larch Unknown Phoenix feather Unknown Celestina Warbeck's wand is mentioned in the lyrics of the title track of her best-selling album, You Stole My Cauldron but You Can't Have my Heart.[7]
Dolores Umbridge Unknown "Unusually short" Unknown Unknown This wand is described as "unusually short;" broken by a centaur's hoof in June 1996 in the Forbidden Forest.
Draco Malfoy Hawthorn 10" Unicorn hair Reasonably springy This wand passed into the possession of Harry Potter after the Skirmish at Malfoy Manor in 1998 until Harry came into possession of the Elder Wand and mended his first wand.
Fleur Delacour Rosewood 9½" Veela hair inflexible In this wand the core is a hair from Fleur's grandmother, who was a Veela.
Garrick Ollivander Hornbeam 12¾" Dragon heartstring Slightly bendy
Gilderoy Lockhart Cherry 9" Dragon Heartstring Slightly bendy
Harry Potter's wand (wand #1) Holly 11" Phoenix feather Nice and supple "Brother" to Voldemort's wand - the core tail feathers are both from Fawkes; broken in December 1997 while fleeing from Godric's Hollow; repaired with the Elder Wand in May 1998.
Harry Potter (wand #2) Blackthorn 10" Unknown Unknown This wand was taken from a Snatcher by Ron Weasley in 1997, and used by Harry until 1998, when he took Draco Malfoy's wand.
Hermione Granger Vine Unknown Dragon heartstring Unknown This wand was confiscated when the trio was captured by Snatchers in 1998.
James Potter Mahogany 11" Unknown Pliable This wand was "excellent for transfiguration."
Lily Evans Willow 10¼" Unknown Swishy This wand was "nice for Charm work."
Lucius Malfoy Elm 18" Dragon heartstring Unyielding This wand was kept in a snake-headed walking stick that Lucius carried; "borrowed" by Lord Voldemort and destroyed by Harry Potter's wand during the Battle of the Seven Potters in 1997.
Mary Cattermole Cherry 8¾" Unicorn hair Unknown This wand was confiscated by the Muggle-Born Registration Commission in 1997.
Merlin Believed to have been English oak Unknown Unknown Unknown
Minerva McGonagall Fir 9½" Dragon heartstring Stiff This wand was most likely purchased from Ollivanders in 1937 when she was eleven.
Neville Longbottom Cherry 13" Unicorn hair Unknown This wand may have been one of the last wands Mr. Ollivander sold before he disappeared in 1996.
Peter Pettigrew Chestnut 9¼" Dragon heartstring Brittle This wand was owned by Pettigrew only since Ollivander had been kidnapped of 1996; passed into the possession of Ron Weasley after the Skirmish at Malfoy Manor in 1998.
Quirinus Quirrell Alder 9"

Unicorn hair

Bendy
Remus Lupin Cypress 10¼" Unicorn hair Pliable
Ron Weasley (wand #1) Ash 12" Unicorn hair Unknown Ron's brother Charlie's old wand; severely damaged in September 1992 after a run-in with the Whomping Willow.
Ron Weasley (wand #2) Willow 14" Unicorn hair Unknown Purchased with his father's winnings from a Daily Prophet draw. Taken from him by Snatchers and replaced with Peter Pettigrew's wand.
Ron Weasley (wand #3) Chestnut 9¼" Dragon heartstring Brittle This was Peter Pettigrew's wand. During the Skirmish at Malfoy Manor, Ron took this wand from Pettigrew and used from then on, as his own wand was taken by Snatchers.
Rubeus Hagrid Oak 16" Unknown Rather bendy This wand was snapped in half when Hagrid was expelled from Hogwarts during his third year - the pieces are certainly hidden in Hagrid's pink umbrella.
Silvanus Kettleburn Chestnut 11½" Phoenix feather Whippy
Tom Marvolo Riddle (Lord Voldemort) Yew 13½" Phoenix feather Unknown This wand is "brother" to Harry Potter's wand - the core tail feathers are both from Fawkes.
Viktor Krum Hornbeam 10¼" Dragon heartstring Quite rigid This wand is thicker than usual, and made by Gregorovitch.

Behind the scenesEdit

Wand 1

Wands drawn on the covers of the American version of the books by Mary GrandPré are shown as extremely long and thin.

  • Wands used in the Harry Potter films are shown to have clear handles for wizards to hold onto them such as the bone handle of Voldemort's yew wand. The books however do not describe such handles. In fact all the pictures by Mary GrandPré in the American editions depict all wands as thin rods. However this is only supported by Harry's feeling that his wand is a "strip of wood" compared to a dragon, and Harry's wand being described as pencil like, when he steps on it in Bathilda's house. [8](This is contradicted in the same chapter in Deathly Hallows, during Voldemort's flashback of the night he murdered Lily and James. ..."he fingered the handle of his wand.")
  • Also, in the films, the wands are shown a couple of inches longer than they are shown in the books. The films seem to include more gestures when using a wand, not just waving it and pointing it. The different styles were shown properly in the film version of the Battle of the Department of Mysteries.
  • It is theorised that the wand's length is proportional to the wizard's height: the longer the wand, the taller the wizard, and the shorter the wand, the shorter the wizard. Although this pattern is generally supported (eg, Dolores Umbridge's short wand, Rubeus Hagrid's long wand) this may not always be the case. For example, Draco Malfoy, despite being tall, had a relatively short wand. However, J.K. Rowling stated that wands are generally shorter when witches or wizards are lacking in personality, rather than size.
  • J. K. Rowling used a Celtic calendar to assign certain types of woods to Ron Weasley, Hermione Granger, and Harry Potter based on their birthdates.[9]
Pottermore wands

A variety of wands from Pottermore.

  • In the first and second films, wands look quite plain. The appearance of wands drastically change in the film adaptation of Harry Potter and the Prisoner of Azkaban, in which the wands are given distinctive shapes and carvings, reflecting the owner's personality.
  • Devon Murray, who plays Seamus Finnigan in the Harry Potter films, has the record for breaking the most prop wands. He broke eighty of them. [10]
  • J.K. Rowling has said that Muggles cannot use a magic wand, yet residual power stored in a wand may discharge at odd moments, having potentially disastrous effects for a non-wizard.[11]
  • Wands are often buried or burned when the owner dies.[12]
  • The right to carry a wand at all times was established by the International Confederation of Wizards in 1692, when Muggle persecution was at its height and the wizards were planning their retreat into hiding.[13]
  • Although Harry's wand is known to be made of holly (an almost white wood), his prop wand is significantly darker, suggesting a different wood. However, other wands appear to be varnished or coloured, so this isn't necessarily a break in continuity. Wood is a matte material so most if not all wands in the movies have some kind of colour treatment.
  • It is interesting to note that Viktor Krum's wand and Hermione Granger's first wand have the same length and the same core.
  • In the LEGO Harry Potter releases, wands were created using a repurpose of the lightsaber piece used for LEGO Star Wars. The wands are thick, long and almost bigger than a character.
  • There was at least one known business that specialised in tuning wands to improve their performance. Repair services were also available.

AppearancesEdit

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Notes and referencesEdit

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