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|Battle of Hogwarts|
|Part of the Second Wizarding War|
Decisive victory for the Order of the Phoenix, Dumbledore's Army. End of the Second Wizarding War.
- "I know that you are preparing to fight. Your efforts are futile. You cannot fight me. I do not want to kill you. I have great respect for the teachers of Hogwarts. I do not want to spill magical blood. Give me Harry Potter, and they shall not be harmed. Give me Harry Potter and I shall leave the school untouched. Give me Harry Potter and you will be rewarded. You have until midnight."
- —Lord Voldemort's ultimatum, leading to the Battle of Hogwarts.[src]
The Battle of Hogwarts was a major conflict that signified the end of the Second Wizarding War, resulting in the death of Lord Voldemort, the killing or capture of all his Death Eaters, and in a decisive victory for the Order of the Phoenix. It took place on 2 May, 1998, on the grounds and within the walls of Hogwarts School of Witchcraft and Wizardry.
When Lord Voldemort learnt that Harry Potter was in the castle to locate and destroy one of his final Horcruxes, he ordered every Death Eater and creature that had pledged loyalty to him to siege and, later, attack the school and all those who stood in his way to get Harry. Dumbledore's Army communicated the need to fight to the Order of the Phoenix and their other allies, leading to a large-scale battle. Minerva McGonagall and Kingsley Shacklebolt led the defenders of Hogwarts whilst fighting, while Lord Voldemort chose to lead his forces from the Shrieking Shack but did not actively participate in the battle until dawn.
It was the most devastating battle of the war with heavy casualties on both sides including, but not limited to, Lord Voldemort, Bellatrix Lestrange, Scabior, Vincent Crabbe, Remus Lupin, Nymphadora Tonks, Lavender Brown, Severus Snape, Fred Weasley, Colin Creevey, and more than fifty others. Voldemort's side also suffered important defections, such as those of the Malfoy family, which were of relevant and crucial to the victory of the Order of the Phoenix.
Fall of the Ministry of Magic
- "Well, it's not really like Hogwarts any more,"
- —Neville about the situation in to Harry[src]
During the height of the Second Wizarding War, Voldemort started making efforts to overthrow the Ministry of Magic and achieve domination over wizarding Britain. Voldemort started planning to take over the Ministry by putting important Ministry officials under the Imperius Curse. By July, 1997, Death Eater Yaxley managed to place Pius Thicknesse, Head of the Department of Magical Law Enforcement, under the curse and, by the start of August of that year, there were enough Imperiused Ministry officials to start the overthrow.
On 1 August, 1997, a mixture of Death Eaters and Ministry officials led a "smooth and virtually silent" coup, that ended in the capture of Scrimgeour. The Minister was interrogated by Voldemort for the whereabouts of Harry Potter. However, in one last brave act for Harry, Rufus Scrimgeour told Voldemort nothing, and was subsequently killed. This marked the fall of the Ministry of Magic and its placement under the control of Voldemort and his Death Eaters. This was also the start of an intense anti-Muggle-born and anti-Harry Potter campaign, with the creation of the Muggle-Born Registration Commission, the Snatchers, and the categorisation of Harry Potter as Undesirable No.1 (under the false pretense of having been involved in Albus Dumbledore's murder).
Hogwarts School of Witchcraft and Wizardry also fell under Voldemort's influence, and Severus Snape was appointed the new Headmaster. The Carrow siblings, Alecto and Amycus were also appointed as Muggle Studies and Dark Arts professors, respectively, as well as Deputy Headmasters, in charge of all punishment.
The school curriculum was revised per the Death Eaters' ideology: Defence Against the Dark Arts was, in practice, taught as a Dark Arts class, and Muggle Studies became a compulsory class for indoctrinating hatred against Muggles and Muggle-borns. Snape and the Carrows enforced Voldemort's agenda brutally at Hogwarts. Students given detention were subjected to the Cruciatus Curse — sometimes by other students. As a result of this, a band of students began to fight back very early on in the 1997–1998 school year, led by seventh-year Neville Longbottom and sixth-years Ginny Weasley and Luna Lovegood. This group stood as the successor to the original Dumbledore's Army, founded by Harry, Ron, and Hermione in 1995.
Search for Horcruxes
At the climax of the Battle of the Astronomy Tower on 30 June, 1997, Albus Dumbledore was killed by then-Defence Against the Dark Arts teacher, Severus Snape. Dumbledore, however, had left Harry Potter with a final task: to find, and destroy the remaining Horcruxes that Voldemort created at different points in his life.
Over several months, the trio tried to locate the Horcruxes; this included infiltrating into the Death Eater-controlled Ministry of Magic to acquire Salazar Slytherin's locket (which was later destroyed by Ron Weasley in December of 1997) and breaking into the vault belonging to Bellatrix Lestrange within Gringotts Wizarding Bank to get Helga Hufflepuff's cup the day before the battle. Two other Horcruxes had also been destroyed already: Voldemort's old diary that he had during his school years at Hogwarts was destroyed in 1993 by Harry Potter, and Marvolo Gaunt's ring, which belonged to Voldemort's grandfather, was destroyed by Dumbledore sometime in July, 1996. Harry returned to Hogwarts Castle to find one of the last of Voldemort's Horcruxes, an object he believed had something to do with Rowena Ravenclaw, one of the Hogwarts Founders.
Arrival in Hosgmeade
- Harry Potter: "We need to get going. Can you imagine what he's going to do once he realizes the ring and the locket are gone? What if he moves the Hogwarts Horcrux, decides it isn't safe enough?"
- Hermione Granger: "But how are we going to get in?"
- Harry Potter: "We'll go to Hogsmeade and try to work something out once we see what the protection around the school's like."
- — The trio planning to get into Hogwarts[src]
Harry Potter, Ron Weasley, and Hermione Granger, all wearing Harry's Invisibility Cloak, Apparated into the High Street of Hogsmeade. However, they immediately triggered a Caterwauling Charm, and a dozen cloaked and hooded Death Eaters dashed into the street from the Three Broomsticks. One of the Death Eaters stried to Summon to the Cloak, but it did not work on it because it was the Cloak of Legend, one of the fabled Deathly Hallows.
Harry, Ron, and Hermione backed quickly down the nearest side street, as the Death Eaters ran up and down the High Street. Harry realised the Death Eaters were ready for them: they had set up the Caterwauling Charm to tell them they had come, and now they possibly had bewitched the area to trap them there.
As the trio fruitlessly tried to Disapparate, the Death Eaters let ten or more Dementors have free rein as, by their reasoning, Harry would be easier to kill by Voldemort if he had been Kissed first. As the creatures closed in, Harry cast his easily-identifiable stag-shaped Patronus, scattering the Dementors and giving away their position to the Death Eaters.
Before the Death Eaters' footsteps reached the trio, a door near them opened, and Aberforth Dumbledore, barman of the Hog's Head Inn let them in urging them to keep the Cloak on and to keep quiet. As the trio ran upstairs the Death Eaters approached Aberforth and a heated altercation ensued. Aberforth pulled out his wand and cast his goat Patronus; he insisted that they had mistaken his Patronus for a stag and that he had broken the curfew and thus set off the Caterwauling Charm by putting his cat out. Being reluctantly convinced by the barman, the Death Eaters strode back toward the High Street.
The Hog's Head Inn
- Harry: "It's… he left me a job."
- Aberforth: "Did he now? Nice job, I hope? Pleasant? Easy? Sort of thing you'd expect an unqualified wizard kid to be able to do without overstretching themselves?"
- Harry: "I—it's not easy, no. But I've got to —"
- Aberforth: "Got to? Why, got to? He's dead, isn't he? Let it go boy, before you follow him! Save yourself!"
- — Harry Potter talking with Aberforth Dumbledore.[src]
The trio thanked Aberforth for having saving their lives, and, noticing Sirius Black's part of the two-way mirror (that he had bought from Mundungus Fletcher about a year prior) on the mantelpiece, realised the barman had been the one who sent Dobby to help rescue them during the Skirmish at Malfoy Manor.
Aberforth brought them bread, cheese, and a pewter jug of mead. He told Harry, Ron and Hermione to wait until daybreak, when the Caterwauling Charm would be lifted, then they could set out on foot under Harry's Invisibility Cloak. Harry, however, told him that they needed to get into Hogwarts Castle to finish the "job" Albus Dumbledore — Aberforth's late brother — had left them.
Aberforth told them to get away from the school, out of the country if they could; forget Dumbledore and his clever schemes as, as he said, "people had a habit of getting hurt while he was carrying out his grand plans". Harry pointed out that Aberforth was fighting as well, he was part of the Order of the Phoenix, but Aberforth insisted the Order was finished and Voldemort had won.
- "I'd have looked after [Ariana], I told [Albus] so, I didn't care about school, I'd have stayed home and done it. He told me I had to finish my education and he'd take over from my mother. Bit of a comedown for Mr. Brilliant, there's no prizes for looking after your half-mad sister, stopping her blowing up the house every other day. But he did all right for a few weeks… till he came. Grindelwald […] And look after Ariana took a backset then, while they were hatching all their plans for a new Wizarding order, and looking for Hallows, and whatever else it was they were so interested in. Grand plans for the benefit of all Wizardkind, and if one young girl got neglected, what did that matter, when Albus was working for the greater good?"
- —Aberforth tells Harry, Ron and Hermione about Professor Dumbledore's past.[src]
Hermione said that Professor Dumbledore cared about Harry very much, but Aberforth said that many of the people his brother cared about very much ended up in a worst state than if he had left them alone. When Hermione pressed him about this, and asked if Aberforth was talking about his sister, Aberforth burst into speech: he told them all about Ariana's condition and the secrecy their family lived in, Albus's friendship with Grindelwald and their plots to establish a new wizarding order, the argument between him, Albus and Gellert and the three-way duel that resulted in Ariana's death by an unknown hand.
Aberforth told Harry again to hide, to take care of himself and survive, but Harry said he had to think about the greater good, and that he would keep fighting until he succeeded or died, even if Aberforth had given up, saying that Albus knew how to finish Voldemort and he had passed the knowledge to him.
Relenting, Aberforth approached the portait of Ariana, said "You know what to do" and she smiled walking along what seemed to be a long tunnel painted behind her. Aberforth said that there was only one way into the Castle; the Death Eaters had all the old secret passageways covered at both ends, dementors all around the boundary walls, regular patrols inside the school, and Aberforth was doubtful they would be able to get anything done with Snape in charge and the Carrows as his deputies.
A few moments later, a tiny white dot reappeared at the end of the painted tunnel, and Ariana walked back toward them, along with somebody else limping along beside her. The two figures grew larger until the portrait swung forward on the wall like a door, and the entrance to a real tunnel was revealed. Out of the tunnel and onto the mantelpiece came a badly bruised and beaten Neville Longbottom, who gave a roar of enthusiasm upon seeing Harry.
Entering the castle
- Harry Potter: "Where are we?"
- Neville Longbottom: "Room of Requirement, of course! Surpassed itself, hasn't it? The Carrows were chasing me, and I knew I had just one chance for a hideout: I managed to get through the door and this is what I found! Well, it wasn't exactly like this when I arrived, it was a load smaller, there was only one hammock and just Gryffindor hangings. But it's expanded as more and more of the D.A. have arrived."
- — Neville leads Harry, Ron and Hermione into the Room of Requirement.[src]
Leaving Aberforth behind, Harry, Ron and Hermione followed Neville into the passageway behind Ariana's portrait. Neville told them about the goings-on at Hogwarts School under Severus Snape and the Carrows' rule.
Arriving the end of the passage, they passed through a flight of steps and climbed through a door that led into the Room of Requirement in the shape of a "particularily sumptuous treehouse", with lamps and bright tapestry hangings, full of Dumbledore's Army students. As they entered the room, Harry, Ron, and Hermione were soon engulfed, hugged, pounded on the back, by what seemed to be more than twenty people. Neville told everyone to calm down, and Seamus Finnigan told the trio that the D.A. had been hiding out there for nearly two weeks, as neither Headmaster Snape nor the Carrows could get in. The passage to the pub had appeared as the students got hungry, as food was one of the few things the room could not magically provide, being one of the five exceptions to Gamp's Law of Elemental Transfiguration.
Neville, who had become the leader of the group, said that he had used the Galleons that Hermione had bewitched in their fifth year to recall all of the D.A., and sure enough, past D.A. members such as Luna Lovegood and Dean Thomas started arriving through the tunnel from the Hog's Head.
Neville had informed a number of them that it was time to return to Hogwarts to fight and help Harry do whatever he needed to do. When Harry realised how loyal they were being to him, he accepted help, telling them that he, Harry, needed to find an object hidden in the castle that they needed to get in order to overthrow Lord Voldemort. When he asked about artifacts associated with Rowena Ravenclaw, Harry was told about her lost diadem, and he reasoned that it was almost certainly what Voldemort would have used for his Horcrux.
Both concealed by Harry's Invisibility Cloak, Harry and Luna departed through the dark corridors to Ravenclaw Tower, so that Harry could see a statue of Rowena Ravenclaw wearing the diadem, so that he would know what to look for. However, they were caught there by Alecto Carrow, who promptly summoned Lord Voldemort there, via her Dark Mark, before being Stunned by Luna. Amycus Carrow, Alecto's brother, who had felt her summoning the Dark Lord, arrived in the room, accompanied by Professor McGonagall, who had heard the commotion in the Tower just as Harry and Luna stood hidden by the Invisibility Cloak. Amycus decided that he would blame Alecto's (seemingly unnecessary) summoning of Voldemort on the students. McGonagall refused to allow him to put her students in danger, causing him to spit at her in anger. Harry, outraged, used the Cruciatus Curse on him, revealing himself to McGonagall.
Ousting of Severus Snape
Knowing that there was not much time, Harry told McGonagall that he was acting on Dumbledore's orders, which caused McGonagall to agree to secure the school from Voldemort while Harry looked for the Horcrux. Harry informed her that they could begin evacuating students through the passage going from the Room of Requirement to the Hog's Head Inn. She left the tower with Harry and Luna (the latter two under the Invisibility Cloak) in order to warn the Heads of House about setting up magical defences around the grounds. As McGonagall marched toward the door, she raised her wand and cast three cat Patronuses, which ran ahead to alert the other Heads of House. They had descended two floors from Ravenclaw Tower when they encountered Severus Snape in one of the corridors. He continually darted his eyes about, perhaps suspecting that Harry was nearby. When asked what she was doing there, McGonagall claimed she heard a disturbance. She was evasive when asked about Harry, but when Snape discreetly used Legilimency on her, she slashed her wand through the air, but Snape cast a Shield Charm that threw McGonagall off balance. She, then, brandished her wand to a torch on the wall, making it fly off its bracket.
The flames became a ring of fire that filled the corridor and flew like a lasso at Snape. Snape turned the descending flames into a great black snake that McGonagall blasted to smoke and turned into a swarm of daggers, which she directed towards him. The Headmaster pulled a suit of armour in front of him, which the daggers sank into with echoing clangs.
Filius Flitwick and Pomona Sprout came running to McGonagall's aid with a huffing Slughorn lagging behind. Flitwick raised his wand, bewitching the suit of armour to attack Snape by crushing him. Outnumbered, Snape sent the suit of armour flying back against his attackers and dashed into a deserted classroom, where a loud crash was heard. Pursuing, McGonagall screamed, "Coward!". Uncloaked, Harry and Luna rushed inside to find that Snape had fled by leaping out the window and flew away, a skill he presumably learnt from Lord Voldemort. They could see him, a bat-like figure soaring across the school grounds. Harry then slid into Voldemort's mind again and saw an Inferi-filled lake. Voldemort leapt from the boat in a murderous rage, headed for Hogwarts.
Preparations for battle
- Minerva McGonagall: "Potter has work to do in the castle on Dumbledore's orders. We need to put in place every protection of which we are capable while Potter does what he needs to do."
- Filius Flitwick: "You realise, of course, that nothing we do will be able to keep out You-Know-Who indefinitely?"
- Pomona Sprout: "But we can hold him up."
- Minerva McGonagall: "Thank you, Pomona. I suggest we establish basic protection around the place, then gather our students and meet in the Great Hall. Most must be evacuated, though if any of those who are over age wish to stay and fight, I think they ought to be given the chance."
- — Professors Minerva McGonagall, Filius Flitwick, Pomona Sprout and Horace Slughorn, the four Heads of House, discuss the preparations for battle.[src]
After Harry Potter explained the urgency of the situation, the four Heads of House decided to establish basic magical protections around the Castle and to wake the students. Professor McGonagall ordered the students to be brought to the Great Hall. The students old enough to fight could stay if they wanted, while younger students would be evacuated by Poppy Pomfrey and Argus Filch by way of the passage through the Hog's Head Inn. The professors set defensive charms and spells around Hogwarts to fend off Voldemort, although they all knew that no matter what protection they gave, Voldemort would eventually penetrate it. As Hogwarts Castle was being fortified, Harry asked Flitwick about Ravenclaw's diadem, but Flitwick informed him that it had not been seen "in living memory". Meanwhile, McGonagall enchanted the school's statues and suits of armour to help defend the castle and ordered Argus Filch to summon Peeves the Poltergeist to aid in the defence.
When Harry and Luna returned to the Room of Requirement, they found that even more people had arrived, including Lupin, Kingsley, Oliver Wood, Katie Bell, Angelina Johnson, Alicia Spinnet, Bill and Fleur, and Mr. and Mrs. Weasley. Fred had alerted Dumbledore's Army, and they in turn summoned the Order of the Phoenix. As younger students were being evacuated, an argument broke out about underage Ginny Weasley, who wanted to help fight. Her mother eventually relented to the point of allowing Ginny to stay at Hogwarts if she stayed in the Room of Requirement. The Weasleys' estranged son Percy suddenly arrived, and loudly apologised to his family for not supporting them; the Weasleys immediately forgave him. Looking around, Harry wondered where Ron and Hermione were. Ginny told him they were attending to something having to do with a bathroom, leaving Harry puzzled.
Notes and references
- ↑ J.K. Rowling: A Year in the Life
- ↑ 2.0 2.1 Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows - Chapter 1 (The Dark Lord Ascending)
- ↑ 3.0 3.1 3.2 Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows - Chapter 11 (The Bribe)
- ↑ 4.0 4.1 Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows - Chapter 19 (The Silver Doe)
- ↑ 5.0 5.1 5.2 5.3 5.4 5.5 5.6 5.7 Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows - Chapter 29 (The Lost Diadem)
- ↑ Harry Potter and the Order of the Phoenix - Chapter 18 (Dumbledore's Army)
- ↑ Harry Potter and the Half-Blood Prince - Chapter 27 (The Lightning-Struck Tower)
- ↑ 8.0 8.1 8.2 Harry Potter and the Half-Blood Prince - Chapter 23 (Horcruxes)
- ↑ Harry Potter and the Half-Blood Prince - Chapter 30 (The White Tomb)
- ↑ Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows - Chapter 13 (The Muggle-Born Registration Commission)
- ↑ Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows - Chapter 26 (Gringotts)
- ↑ Harry Potter and the Chamber of Secrets - Chapter 17 (The Heir of Slytherin)
- ↑ 13.00 13.01 13.02 13.03 13.04 13.05 13.06 13.07 13.08 13.09 13.10 13.11 Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows - Chapter 28 (The Missing Mirror)
- ↑ Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows - Chapter 35 (King's Cross)
- ↑ 15.0 15.1 15.2 15.3 15.4 15.5 15.6 15.7 15.8 Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows - Chapter 30 (The Sacking of Severus Snape)
- ↑ Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows - Chapter 31 (The Battle of Hogwarts)