Latin for “to summon”. Summoning charm, used to make objects fly straight to the spell caster.
Spell used to unlock doors.
Effects not completely known. Presumably keeps the user from cheating.
Used to reveal invisible ink.
“Appareo” is Latin for “to become visible”. Spell used to move instantly from one place and appear in another.
- Killing Curse (redir)
Aramaic phrase that means "may it be destroyed”. An Unforgivable Curse used to kill the victim. It famously produces a flash of green light.
Latin for “bird”. Conjures a flock of birds.
Causes the victim to babble nonsense. Lockhart once cured someone of this curse on his travels. Or not.
The opposite of Accio, causes an object to fly away from the caster.
Maybe the effects of this are best left to the imagination. Causes bogies to grow, become bat-like, and attack the victim. Ginny casts this spell on Draco Malfoy in Order of the Phoenix.
Used on brooms, presumably to help them stop more quickly.
Used to create a bubble of air around the caster’s head. Often used to allow the caster to breathe underwater.
Not much is known about these, but it’s safe to assume that they make people happy.
Seals a door against being opened.
Changes the colour of the object.
Charm “Confundo” is Latin for “to confuse”. Used to confuse an object or person, to make them believe what the spell caster wants them to.
Curse Conjunctivitis is an illness of the eyes that makes eyelids crust together. Attacks the eyes of the victim.
Latin for “to torture”. An Unforgiveable Curse. It inflicts excruciating pain on the victim.
Professor Quirrell told his class about this curse, although its exact effect is unknown. Something to do with bogies, no doubt.
Creates an invisible cushioned area. It is primarily used in broomstick manufacture to make the brooms more comfortable to sit on.
“Delete” means “to erase”. Used to erase spell images conjured by Priori Incantem.
Enlarges the teeth of the victim.
Latin for “to split”. A spell that rips an object in half.
The opposite of Apparate – you have to Disapparate before you Apparate at the other end.
Literal meaning is to remove an illusion. Generally used to indicate unhappiness with a situation. Spell used to hide something. Typically used to hide magical objects and occurrences from Muggles.
This is possibly a path-revealing spell. It was used to open a secret passage to Hogsmeade.
Dries up a limited amount of water. Harry decided he probably wouldn't be able to use it to dry up the entire Hogwarts lake.
“Engorge” means “to fill to excess”. Causes an object to enlarge.
Increases the amount of space inside something.
Revives someone, especially someone who has had Stupefy cast on them.
Invented by Urquhart Rackharrow, 1612-1697. Effect unknown, but presumably involves expelling entrails.
Entrances the person the spell is cast upon.
Latin for “to vanish”. Used to make an object disappear.
- Patronus Charm (")
“Patronus” is Latin for “protector”. Conjures a Patronus, which is some sort of spirit-animal which becomes more solid with the ability of the spell-caster. The Patronus defends the caster, from Dementors and possibly other things.
- Disarming Charm (redir)
Latin for “to expel a weapon”. Disarming spell – makes the victim’s wand fly out of their hand.
Puts out fires. This was used by the keepers of the dragons used in the Triwizard Tournament.
Conjures a splint and bandages.
“Fidelis” is Latin for “faithful friends”. A charm used to hide something or somebody from all people. The secret in question is concealed inside the soul of the Secret-Keeper, who is the only person to know the whereabouts of the hidden person/item.
Replays the effects of any spells currently cast.
“Flagrantia” is Latin for “burning”. Makes the spell-caster able to draw lines of fire with their wand.
Charm used by Medieval witches to remove the effects of the fire when they were burned at the stake. It is a good idea at this point to scream a bit and pretend to be burning.
Freezes an object.
Makes the victim’s body break out in boils.
Makes the object swell to rather large size.
According to Lockhart, makes werewolves turn back into men.
Makes an item hover in the air. Famously used by Dobby on Aunt Petunia’s pudding.
“Immobilise” means to prevent moving. Stops an object moving.
“Impedimentum” is Latin for “a hindrance”. Use to stop or slow down a person or creature (as opposed to an object).
Imperious means “domineering”. An Unforgivable Curse. Puts the victim under the complete control of the spell caster.
Impeturbable means “not able to be disturbed”. Creates a barrier which sounds, objects and people cannot cross.
Impervious means “incapable of being affected”. Used to make an object resistant to water.
“Incarcerate” means to shut in. Summons ropes which then bind the victim.
“Incendo” is Latin for “set fire to”. Creates fire.
Makes the victim’s legs shake uncontrollably.
Allows the spell caster to see memories from another person's mind. Occlumency is the defence of the mind against such an attack.
“Loco” is Latin for “place”. “Moto” is Latin for “to move”. Causes an object to travel floating in the air.
The Leg-Locker Curse. Causes the victim’s legs to lock together. The incantation for this spell is of a similar form to the “Locomotor” spell but doesn’t seem to sit very happily with it, considering the very different effects.
“Lumen” is Latin for light. “Luminosus” is Latin for “bright”. Produces light from the end of the caster’s wand.
Mobili- spell family
“Mobilis” is Latin for “moveable”. the second word indicates the object being forced to move.
“Mors” is Latin for “death”. Produces the Dark Mark.
Used to keep Muggles away from things that wizards would prefer them not to see. No harm is done to the Muggles in question.
Latin for “night”. Causes the effect of Lumos to stop.
“Obliterate” means to wipe out, leaving no trace. This was used by Hermione to wipe out tracks in the snow. It may be able to remove other marks as well.
“Oblivio” is Latin for “forgetfulness” Erases memories from the victim as chosen by the spell caster.
The defence of the mind against psychic attack using the art of Legilimency
Named after the orchid, a type of flower. Creates flowers from the caster’s wand.
Charm Used to stick one thing to another. Permanently.
Used by Lockhart to attempt to get rid of Cornish Pixies. It had no effect, probably due to the fact that he’d just made it up.
Petrificus Totalus (redir, formerly main)
An adaptation of “totally petrify”. Renders the victim temporarily unable to move.
Used to remotely position an object. Presumably similar to object moving spells such as Locomotor, except that the Placement Charm allows for accurate positioning of the target object.
Causes a wand to point North.
“Porta” is Latin for “gate”. Turns an item into a Portkey.
Creates an image of the last spell cast by a wand.
A spell which links the appearance of several items. When one item is changed, the others change in the same way.
Protego (redir, formerly main)
Latin for “protect”. Creates a magical shield to deflect spells from others.
Adaptation of “quiet”. Negates the effects of the Sonorus spell.
Adaptation of “reduce”. Returns an object to it’s normal size: negates the effect of Engorgio.
Creates heat from the end of the wand. Normally the result is sparks. If the wand is under water you get boiling water.
Latin for “to restore”. Mends the target object.
The Tickling Charm. Causes uncontrollable laughter in the victim.
Adaptation of “ridiculous”. Causes an item, creature or person to take on a humorous appearance of the spell-caster’s choosing. Particularly useful against Boggarts, who are destroyed by laughter.
Cleans an item.
From “serpent”, a snake. Creates a snake from the caster’s wand.
Cuts one thing from another. This probably only works on items rather than people.
From “silent”. Forces an object, person or creature to be silent.
Causes the victim to burp slugs.
Latin for “loud”. Projects the voice of the spell caster, making it very loud.
Causes sparks to be emitted from the end of the caster’s wand. This may be the same spell as Relashio.
Produces a painful red weal on the victim’s body.
Means “to dull the senses”. Stuns the victim with a bolt of red light.
These are a class of spells which change items from one thing into another. This is the major branch of Transfiguration. It is not clear whether there are a number of related spells for different types of switching or whether it is all done with a single spell, as no details of this are given.
The Tarantella is a fast Italian dance. 'Allegro' is a musical direction for a quick, lively tempo. Causes the victim’s legs to dance uncontrollably.
Causes the victim to trip over.
Makes an item unbreakable.
Causes an item to fly at high speed where the spell caster wants it to. This is likely to be a single variant of a general XXXXX-wasi spell which can be cast on any item. The XXXXX in this case was chewing gum, which is the “waddi” part.
- Hover Charm (redir)
Causes an item to levitate.