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Transfiguration (class)

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"Transfiguration is some of the most complex and dangerous magic you will learn at Hogwarts. Anyone messing around in my class will leave and not come back. You have been warned."
Professor McGonagall introducing Transfiguration [src]

Transfiguration is a core class and subject taught at Hogwarts School of Witchcraft and Wizardry. It teaches the art of changing the form and appearance of an object.

This type of magic is commonly referred to as "Transfiguration". There are limits to Transfiguration, which are governed by Gamp's Law of Elemental Transfiguration.[1] There are also many branches of Transfiguration, including Cross-Species Transfiguration and Human Transfiguration. Transfiguration is regarded as "very hard work" and is "more scientific" than any other subject. One has to get it exactly right for the transfiguration to be successful.[2]

Class information

"I do not accept students into N.E.W.T. classes unless they have achieved 'Exceeds Expectations' or higher at Ordinary Wizarding Level."
—Professor McGonagall on the increased difficulty in NEWT.[src]
Transfiguration class1

Transfiguration is a required subject for all first year to fifth year students, with the option of a N.E.W.T. (Nastily Exhausting Wizarding Test) course in sixth and seventh year. Minerva McGonagall was the Transfiguration Professor from 1956 until 1998, the year in which she became Headmistress of the school. Before her, Albus Dumbledore taught Transfiguration it's unknown who became the Transfiguration professor after she became Headmistress of Hogwarts. McGonagall believes Transfiguration to be more elegant and superior to other types of magic.

Transfiguration professors

Albus Dumbledore and Minerva McGonagall former professors of Transfiguration

Students practice actual transfigurations during classes. Accidents sometimes result in partial transfigurations and theoretical homework is sometimes assigned. The further into a student's education the more difficult the classwork and homework becomes.

In fifth year students take the Ordinary Wizarding Level examination, much of the year is spent learning Ordinary Wizarding Level material, as well as revisiting the past four years of lessons. As part of their Transfiguration O.W.L., students must sit a written exam, and then complete a practical exam, one of the questions on the written exam asks the definition of Switching spells and one aspect of the practical is Vanishment. In order to advance to N.E.W.T.-level for the final two years of education a student must achieve a high O.W.L. score of either 'Outstanding' or 'Exceeds Expectations' on their exam.

Like charms work, Transfiguration is achieved through concentration, precise wand movements, and the proper pronunciation of an incantation. However it is generally more difficult than Charms and requires great effort.[3]

Location and time

Classroom 1B (also known as the Transfiguration Classroom) is where Transfiguration class is taught. The classroom is located on the ground floor around the Middle Courtyard.

Classroom layout

The classroom itself is big, surrounded by high windows, has four rows of three desks, and still has enough room for several cages and bookshelves, two chalkboards, and a desk for Professor McGonagall. Several candlesticks stand lit behind McGonagall's desk.


First Year

"Professor McGonagall watched them turn a mouse into a snuff box."
—First year exam in 1992[src]

The alphabet taught in first year classes.

Second Year

Third Year

" [...] comparing results and bemoaning the difficulty of the tasks they been set, which included turning a teapot into tortoise."
—Third year exam in 1994[src]

Complex notes taken in Transfiguration class

Fourth Year

Fifth Year

Sixth Year

"These are easier than Conjuring Spells, which you would not usually attempt until N.E.W.T. level [...] "
—Professor McGonagall[src]

Known professors

Required textbooks


A Beginner's Guide to Transfiguration

Known O.W.L.s

Branches of Transfiguration

Vera Verto 250px

Vera Verto in action.


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Behind the scenes


Notes and references

Transfiguration (class)
Professors: Albus Dumbledore · Minerva McGonagall
Textbooks: A Beginner's Guide to Transfiguration · Intermediate Transfiguration · A Guide to Advanced Transfiguration
Known practitioners: Emeric Switch · Circe · Falco Aesalon · Mirabella Plunkett · Thaddeus Thurkell ·
Transfiguration spells studied at Hogwarts: Chair to cat · Match to needle · Snail to Teapot · Teacup to Rat · Switching Spell · Transforming Spell · Avifors Spell · Mice to Snuffboxes · Beetle Buttons · Rabbit Slippers · Vera Verto · Teapot to tortoise · Draconifors Spell · Lapifors Spell · Vanishing Spell · Owl to opera glasses · Guinea fowl to guinea pig · Hedgehog to pincushion · Small Child to Rat · Meddling Man to Monkey · Crinus Muto
Branches of Transfiguration: Transformation · Vanishment · Conjuration · Untransfiguration

Wizarding Education
Beauxcrest Hogwarts shield DurmstrangCrest
Schools: Beauxbatons Academy of Magic · Brazilian wizarding school · Durmstrang Institute · Hogwarts School of Witchcraft and Wizardry · Koldovstoretz School · Mahoutokoro School of Magic · Salem Witches' Institute (possibly) · Uagadou School of Magic
Specialised schools: Academy of Broom Flying · Charm School · Euro-Glyph School of Extraordinary Languages · Merge School of Under-Water Spellage · Wizarding Academy of Dramatic Arts
Examinations: First year exams · Second year exams · Third year exams · Fourth year exams · Ordinary Wizarding Level · Nastily Exhausting Wizarding Test
Core classes: Astronomy · Charms · Defence Against the Dark Arts · Herbology · History of Magic · Potions · Transfiguration
Elective classes: Alchemy · Arithmancy · Care of Magical Creatures · Divination · Muggle Studies · Study of Ancient Runes
Extra-curricular classes: Apparition · Advanced Arithmancy Studies · Ancient Studies · Art · Flying · Frog Choir · Ghoul Studies · Hogwarts orchestra · Magical Theory · Muggle Art · Muggle Music · Music · Xylomancy

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