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Stunning Spell

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Stupefy
Stunning Spell
Incantation

Stupefy
(STEW-puh-fye)

Type

Charm

Hand Movement

Stupefy movement

Light

Red

Effect

Renders a victim unconscious

"The jet of red light hit the Death Eater in the middle of his chest: he froze, his arm still raised, his wand fell to the floor with a clatter and he collapsed backwards towards the bell jar."
—Description.[src]

The Stunning Spell (Stupefy), also known as a Stunner or Stupefying Charm[1] is a charm[2] that renders a victim unconscious and halts moving objects. It is commonly used in duels, and was one of the spells Harry Potter taught Dumbledore's Army. If the spell is used by multiple wizards aiming at the same target, the damage it causes is increased, for example; Professor McGonagall had to be moved to St Mungo's after being hit with the spell by multiple Ministry of Magic employees in 1996, and Madam Pomfrey expressed surprise that it did not kill her. If multiple Stunning Spells are aimed at a dragon, they will work, however one alone is not strong enough.[3] It manifests itself as a jet of scarlet light. 

Defence against the Stunning Spell

Stupefy block

Stunning Spell being blocked by Lucius Malfoy

The effects of a Stunning Spell may be counteracted by Rennervate, but will also wear off with time. It can also be deflected by a Shield Charm. Species known to be naturally resistant to the spell include dragons, trolls, giants and half-giants. Rubeus Hagrid was unaffected by this spell when, in 1996, several Ministry of Magic employees attempted to remove him from Hogwarts grounds.

It is also possible to bewitch objects to be resistant to the spell. Fred and George Weasley bewitched their fireworks to explode when hit by Stunning Spells.[3]

Known uses

Caster(s) Victim(s) Note
Peter Pettigrew Ron Weasley Cast non-verbally with the wand of Remus Lupin, in order to make his escape.[4]
Peter Pettigrew Crookshanks Cast non-verbally with the wand of Remus Lupin, in order to make his escape.[4]
Twenty Ministry of Magic employees Winky & Barty Crouch Jr During the chaos after Morsmordre was cast following the 1994 Quidditch World Cup.[4]
Harry Potter Ron Weasley Used numerous times on during practice for the Third Task of the Triwizard Tournament.[4]
Barty Crouch Jr (in disguise as Alastor Moody) Fleur Delacour Used discretely during the Third Task of the Triwizard Tournament in an effort to ensure that Harry won.[4]
Harry Potter Viktor Krum During the Third Task of the Triwizard Tournament to save Cedric Diggory from the Cruciatus Curse Krum was casting under the influence of the Imperius Curse.[4]
Albus Dumbledore Bartemius Crouch Jr. After Harry's return from the Little Hangleton graveyard, Dumbledore used the spell to subdue the disguised Bartemius Crouch Jr. after he had attempted to attack Harry[4]
Molly Weasley Portraits at 12 Grimmauld Place After Tonks knocked over an umbrella stand and the portrait of Sirius Black's mother started shouting, Molly abandoned an attempt to close its curtains and began shooting Stunning Spells at other shouting portraits to shut them up.[5]
Dolores Umbridge Weasleys' Wildfire Whiz-bangs firework At the start of Umbridge's reign as Headmistress at Hogwarts, she attempted to stun the Weasley twins fireworks in order to prevent them from spreading around the school[3]
Five Ministry of Magic employees Minerva McGonagall The Ministry employees were trying to remove Rubeus Hagrid from Hogwarts, but attacked McGonagall when she offered him protection.[3] The concentrated effects were devastating enough to have her hospitalized, and was considered a miracle that she did not die.
Nigel Wolpert Harry Potter Used in the Room of Requirement during a D.A. practice.[6]
Hermione Granger Nott During the Battle of the Department of Mysteries in defence of Harry Potter.[3]
Harry Potter & Hermione Granger Crabbe Sr. & Rabastan Lestrange During the Battle of the Department of Mysteries.[3]
Unknown Death Eater Ginny Weasley During the Battle of the Department of Mysteries.[3]
Unknown Death Eater Luna Lovegood During the Battle of the Department of Mysteries.[3]
Harry Potter Unknown Death Eater During the Battle of the Seven Potters.[7]
Ron Weasley Unknown Death Eater During the Battle of the Seven Potters.[7]
Harry Potter Thorfinn Rowle During a skirmish at the Luchino Caffe in 1997.[7]
Harry Potter A Muggle waitress While aiming for Antonin Dolohov during a skirmish at Tottenham Court Road.[7]
Hermione Granger Mafalda Hopkirk As part of the Infiltration of the Ministry of Magic in 1997.[7]
Harry Potter Dolores Umbridge and Yaxley While infiltrating the Ministry.[7]
Xenophilius Lovegood Harry Potter, Ronald Weasley and Hermione Granger (attempted) As Death Eaters were arriving at his house, it hit his Erumpent horn instead, causing a colossal explosion.[7]
Bellatrix Lestrange Scabior and three other Snatchers After they defied her authority at Malfoy Manor.[7]
Harry Potter Lucius Malfoy During the Battle of Malfoy Manor.[7]
Harry Potter Fenrir Greyback During the Battle of Malfoy Manor, using three wands at once.[7]
Ron Weasley (supposedly as Dragomir Despard) A beggar The beggar lunged at Hermione while she was disguised as Bellatrix Lestrange with Polyjuice Potion.[7]
Harry Potter, Hermione Granger, and Ron Weasley Various Goblins at Gringotts During their escape from the bank after robbing it in 1998.[7]
Luna Lovegood Alecto Carrow While searching for information on Rowena Ravenclaw's Diadem with Harry Potter during the Battle of Hogwarts.[7]
Hermione Granger Gregory Goyle During a skirmish in the Room of Requirement during the Battle of Hogwarts.[7]
Fred Weasley Unknown Death Eater During the Battle of Hogwarts.[7]
Dean Thomas Unknown Death Eater During the Battle of Hogwarts.[7]
Harry Potter Unknown Death Eater In assistance to Draco Malfoy during the Battle of Hogwarts.[7]
Parvati Patil Travers During the Battle of Hogwarts.[7]
Aberforth Dumbledore Augustus Rookwood

During the Battle of Hogwarts.[7]

Etymology

"Stupefy" comes from the English stupefy, which means "to stun" or "to amaze". It may also come from the Latin stupere, meaning "to be stunned".

Behind the scenes

Potter spells h4

The DA using the Stunning Spell against Death Eaters

DH1 Yaxley hit by stunning spell

Yaxley being hit by the Stunning Spell.

Stupefy in different languages

Language Incantation
Bulgarian (Български)

Вцепени се (literally - "be numb")

Lithuanian Sustink
Catalan Animo Linqui
Croatian Omami
German Stupor
Dutch Paralitis
Hungarian

Stupor

Icelandic Rænulaus
Italian Stupeficium
Spanish

Desmaius/ Desmaio

Swedish

Lamslå
Finnish Tainnutu
Danish Lammer (Stunner)
French Stupéfix
Romanian Stupefy
Norwegian Lamstivosløvus
Polish Drętwota
Greek Αποχαυνώσιους - (Apochavnosius)
Hebrew

שתק

Hindi जर्व्तम (Harry Potter and the Half-Blood Prince (film) and Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows: Part 1) or बिसमित भव (Harry Potter and the Order of the Phoenix (film))
Turkish Sersemlet
Estonian Juhmista
Portuguese (Portugal) Atordoar/Stupefy (Books); Estupidificar (VideoGames)
Portuguese (Brasil) Estupefaça; Estupore(In the movie of Harry Potter and the Goblet of Fire)
Serbian Ošamuti
Thai สตูเปฟาย
Russian Окаменей (in Harry Potter and the Goblet of Fire); Остолбеней (in later books)
Czech Mdloby na tebe!
Slovak Nehýb sa!
Slovenian Hromi!
Vietnamese Điểm huyệt!

Japanese

Suchu-pifai! 「麻痺せよ!」, pronounced "Mahi seyo!!" literally means, "Be paralysed!" in Japanese.

Appearances

32421243294964

Harry casts Stupefy in the Duelling Club.

Auror stupefy

Aurors casting Stupefy

Notes and references


Defence Against the Dark Arts (D.A.D.A.)
TDF-AGTS-P
Professors: Galatea Merrythought · Quirinus Quirrell · Gilderoy Lockhart · Remus Lupin · Barty Crouch Jr. (as Alastor Moody) · Dolores Umbridge · Severus Snape ·
Amycus Carrow (as Dark Arts teacher)
Textbooks: The Dark Forces: A Guide to Self-Protection · Break with a Banshee · Gadding with Ghouls · Holidays with Hags · Travels with Trolls ·
Voyages with Vampires · Wanderings with Werewolves · Year with the Yeti · The Essential Defence Against the Dark Arts · Defensive Magical Theory · Dark Arts Defence: Basics for Beginners · Confronting the Faceless · Magical Drafts and Potions
D.A.D.A. at Hogwarts: Classroom 3C · Temporary Classroom · Hogwarts Turris Magnus · Professor's Office · Storeroom · Staircase · Lesson Cup · Race Cup · Dumbledore's Army
Spells covered under the subject: Curse of the Bogies · Knockback Jinx · Verdimillious Charm · Verdimillious Duo Spell · Verdimillious Tria · Wand-Lighting Charm · Freezing Spell · Seize and Pull Charm · Patronus Charm · Killing Curse · Cruciatus Curse · Imperius Curse · Impediment Jinx · Reductor Curse · Stunning Spell · Shield Charm · Nonverbal spells · Hex-deflection ·
Hex-Breaker · Hex Zapper
Creatures covered under the subject: Vampire bats · Iguanas · Cornish Pixies · Werewolves · Vampires · Hinkypunks · Boggarts · Red Caps · Kappas · Grindylows · Inferius

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