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(Known practitioners)
 
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{{Wonderbookold}}
 
{{Spell infobox
 
{{Spell infobox
 
|name=Shield Charm
 
|name=Shield Charm
|image=[[File:Death_Eater_casting_a_Shield_Charm_to_Deflect_stupefy.png|250px]]
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|image=[[File:Protego.gif|250px]]
|incantation=Protego (pro-TAY-goh)
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|incantation=''Protego''<br/>(pro-TAY-goh)
 
|type=[[Charm]]
 
|type=[[Charm]]
|hand=Move hand in a waving motion
+
|hand=[[File:Protego movement.png|70px]]
 
|light= Bright, transparent blue
 
|light= Bright, transparent blue
 
|effect=Magically blocks spells & physical entities
 
|effect=Magically blocks spells & physical entities
}}
+
}}{{Quote|You wouldn't believe how many people, even people who work at the Ministry, can't do a decent Shield Charm ''[...]'' |[[George Weasley]]|Harry Potter and the Half-Blood Prince}}
The '''Shield Charm''' is a term applied to several varieties of [[charms]] that create a magical barrier to deflect physical entities and spells. Conjurations may sometimes rebound directly off it back towards the caster, or, in other cases, may ricochet off in other directions or dissipate as soon as they hit the shield.
 
   
The Shield Charm is a moderately difficult spell. [[Fred and George Weasley]] realised that most adult wizards, even those employed by the [[British Ministry of Magic|Ministry of Magic]], could not produce a functional Shield Charm (something that Harry Potter was able to not only accomplish but also impart to members of the D.A.). They used this to their advantage when marketing their line of protective clothing ([[Shield Hat|hats]], [[Shield Cloak|cloaks]], etc), upon which permanent Shield Charms were cast.
+
The '''Shield Charm''' ''(Protego) ''is a term applied to several varieties of [[charms]] that create a magical barrier to deflect physical entities and spells. Conjurations may sometimes rebound directly off it back towards the caster, or, in other cases, may ricochet off in other directions or dissipate as soon as they hit the shield.
  +
  +
This was also the subject of a question of the [[Theory of Charms]] [[Ordinary Wizarding Level|O.W.L.]] in [[1996]].<ref>See [[:File:TheoryofCharmsExam.jpg|this image]]</ref>
  +
  +
==Casting==
  +
The Shield Charm is a moderately difficult spell. [[Fred and George Weasley]] realised that most adult wizards, even those employed by the [[British Ministry of Magic|Ministry of Magic]], could not produce a functional Shield Charm (something that not only could [[Harry Potter]] accomplish at age fourteen but, also impart to members of the [[D.A.]]). They used this to their advantage when marketing their line of protective clothing ([[Shield Hat|hats]], [[Shield Cloak|cloaks]], etc.), upon which permanent Shield Charms were cast.
   
 
The incantation for the simplest Shield Charm spell is ''Protego''. Incantations for other varieties of the Shield Charm include ''[[Protego Duo]]'', ''[[Protego Horribilis]]'', ''[[Protego Totalum]]'' and ''[[Protego Maxima]]''.
 
The incantation for the simplest Shield Charm spell is ''Protego''. Incantations for other varieties of the Shield Charm include ''[[Protego Duo]]'', ''[[Protego Horribilis]]'', ''[[Protego Totalum]]'' and ''[[Protego Maxima]]''.
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==Known uses==
 
==Known uses==
 
===Harry Potter===
 
===Harry Potter===
[[File:Stupefy_block.JPG|thumb|200px|Lucius Malfoy using the Shield Charm to deflect Harry's Stunning Spell.]]
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{{Quote|His Shield Charm was so strong [[Snape]] was knocked off-balance and hit a desk.|Harry Potter's impressive mastery of the charm|Harry Potter and the Half-Blood Prince}}
[[File:Umbridge_protego.JPG|thumb|200px|Dolores Umbridge using ''Protego'' against the centaurs.]]
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[[File:Stupefy block.JPG|thumb|200px|Lucius Malfoy using the Shield Charm to deflect Harry's Stunning Spell.]]
[[File:Sirius_Protego.jpg|thumb|200px|Sirius Black using a Shield Charm during the Battle of the Department of Mysteries]]
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[[File:Umbridge protego.JPG|thumb|200px|Dolores Umbridge using ''Protego'' against the centaurs.]]
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[[File:Sirius_Protego.png|thumb|200px|Sirius Black using a Shield Charm during the Battle of the Department of Mysteries.]]
 
[[File:Minerva-796x4481.jpg|thumb|200px|Minerva McGonagall using a Shield Charm against a giant.]]
 
[[File:Minerva-796x4481.jpg|thumb|200px|Minerva McGonagall using a Shield Charm against a giant.]]
*[[Harry Potter]] first learned this spell in his preparations for the Third Task of the [[Triwizard Tournament]], during which his friends [[Ronald Weasley|Ron Weasley]] and [[Hermione Granger]] shot spells at him so that he could practice shielding himself.<ref name="GOF">''[[Harry Potter and the Goblet of Fire]]''</ref>
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[[File:Harry_casting_the_Shield_Charm.jpg|thumb|200px|Harry casting the Shield Charm during the Battle of Hogwarts]]
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[[File:Death_Eater_casting_a_Shield_Charm_to_Deflect_stupefy.png|thumb|200px|Unknown [[Death Eater]] casting the Shield Charm.]]
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*[[Harry Potter]] first learned this spell in his preparations for the Third Task of the [[Triwizard Tournament]], during which his friends [[Ronald Weasley|Ron Weasley]] and [[Hermione Granger]] shot spells at him so that he could practice shielding himself.<ref name="GOF">''[[Harry Potter and the Goblet of Fire]]''</ref>Although he later demonstrated an impressive mastery of this technique surpassing that of many Ministry employees, Harry initially had difficulty casting this spell as "Hermione was able to shatter it with a well-placed Jelly-Legs jinx".
 
*Harry once used the charm to defend himself against [[Severus Snape|Professor Snape]]'s [[Legilimency]] during [[Occlumency]] training, and found himself unexpectedly seeing some of Snape's memories. This was most likely the reason why Snape was using a [[Pensieve]] to store his memories, and thus to preserve his privacy.<ref name="OTPF">''[[Harry Potter and the Order of the Phoenix (film)]]''</ref>
 
*Harry once used the charm to defend himself against [[Severus Snape|Professor Snape]]'s [[Legilimency]] during [[Occlumency]] training, and found himself unexpectedly seeing some of Snape's memories. This was most likely the reason why Snape was using a [[Pensieve]] to store his memories, and thus to preserve his privacy.<ref name="OTPF">''[[Harry Potter and the Order of the Phoenix (film)]]''</ref>
 
*Harry used the spell multiple times during the [[Battle of the Department of Mysteries]] in order to protect himself and his fellow D.A. members from [[Death Eaters]], and to prevent them from [[Summoning Charm|summoning]] [[Sybill Trelawney's first prophecy|the Prophecy]] from him that night.<ref name="OTP"/>
 
*Harry used the spell multiple times during the [[Battle of the Department of Mysteries]] in order to protect himself and his fellow D.A. members from [[Death Eaters]], and to prevent them from [[Summoning Charm|summoning]] [[Sybill Trelawney's first prophecy|the Prophecy]] from him that night.<ref name="OTP"/>
*During his first sixth year Defence lesson, Harry and the other members of his class had to cast this spell non-verbally. When Snape tried to jinx him, Harry instinctively used a Shield Charm (verbally cast) that was powerful enough to throw Snape off his feet.
+
*During his first sixth year Defence lesson, Harry and the other members of his class had to cast this spell non-verbally. When Snape tried to jinx him, Harry instinctively used a Shield Charm (verbally cast) that was powerful enough to throw Snape off his feet, against a table.
 
*Harry cast the charm between Hermione and Ron after the latter returned, since Hermione was furious with Ron to the point of wanting to curse him.<ref name="DH"/>
 
*Harry cast the charm between Hermione and Ron after the latter returned, since Hermione was furious with Ron to the point of wanting to curse him.<ref name="DH"/>
 
*Harry used the charm multiple times during the [[Battle of Hogwarts]] to protect various fighters on his side, such as [[Molly Weasley]] after she killed [[Bellatrix Lestrange]].<ref name="DH"/>
 
*Harry used the charm multiple times during the [[Battle of Hogwarts]] to protect various fighters on his side, such as [[Molly Weasley]] after she killed [[Bellatrix Lestrange]].<ref name="DH"/>
   
 
===Other===
 
===Other===
*[[Gilderoy Lockhart]] presumably attempted to demonstrate this charm, or something similar, to Harry during the first meeting of his [[duelling club]], but failed spectacularly, dropping his wand in the process.
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*In 1484, [[Hannah Cockleford]] used the Shield Charm to protect a Muggle boy named [[Edmund Gaddlegate]] when he was forced to joust with the [[Earl of Paunchley]].<ref>''[[Wonderbook: Book of Spells]]''</ref>
  +
*[[Gilderoy Lockhart]] presumably attempted to demonstrate this charm, or something similar, to Harry during the first meeting of his [[duelling club]], but all he truly wanted was to twirl his wand fancifully, which failed spectacularly, dropping his wand in the process.
 
*This charm was among those that Harry taught the members of [[Dumbledore's Army]] in his [[1995|fifth year]].<ref name="OTP">''[[Harry Potter and the Order of the Phoenix]]''</ref>
 
*This charm was among those that Harry taught the members of [[Dumbledore's Army]] in his [[1995|fifth year]].<ref name="OTP">''[[Harry Potter and the Order of the Phoenix]]''</ref>
 
*In 1996, [[Dolores Umbridge]] used a shield charm to protect herself from the [[centaur]]s' arrows in the [[Forbidden Forest]].
 
*In 1996, [[Dolores Umbridge]] used a shield charm to protect herself from the [[centaur]]s' arrows in the [[Forbidden Forest]].
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*[[Hermione Granger]] cast the Shield Charm in [[1997]], when Harry and Ron got into an argument during their search for the [[Horcrux]]es. Hermione cast the shield before they could draw their wands against one another. When Ron subsequently left, Hermione was hampered in trying to follow him and persuade him not to leave by her own shield.<ref name="DH"/>
 
*[[Hermione Granger]] cast the Shield Charm in [[1997]], when Harry and Ron got into an argument during their search for the [[Horcrux]]es. Hermione cast the shield before they could draw their wands against one another. When Ron subsequently left, Hermione was hampered in trying to follow him and persuade him not to leave by her own shield.<ref name="DH"/>
 
*[[Severus Snape]] cast this charm to deflect Harry Potter's spells during their brief duel after he killed Albus Dumbledore.
 
*[[Severus Snape]] cast this charm to deflect Harry Potter's spells during their brief duel after he killed Albus Dumbledore.
*Severus later used the Shield Charm during his [[duel]] with [[Minerva McGonagall]].<ref name="DH"/>
+
*Severus later used the Shield Charm during his [[duel]] with [[Minerva McGonagall]], knocking her off her feet.<ref name="DH"/>
 
*[[Tom Riddle|Lord Voldemort]] used a Shield Charm to defend himself during [[Duel in the Ministry Atrium|his duel with Albus Dumbledore]].
 
*[[Tom Riddle|Lord Voldemort]] used a Shield Charm to defend himself during [[Duel in the Ministry Atrium|his duel with Albus Dumbledore]].
 
*Voldemort also used many Shield Charms when duelling Harry Potter and many others during the [[Battle of Hogwarts]].
 
*Voldemort also used many Shield Charms when duelling Harry Potter and many others during the [[Battle of Hogwarts]].
   
==Known users==
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==Practitioners==
[[File:Protego.gif|thumb|300px|Kingsley Shacklebolt uses ''Protego'' in the Battle of Hogwarts.]]
 
 
* [[Dolores Umbridge]]
 
* [[Dolores Umbridge]]
 
* [[Dumbledore's Army]]
 
* [[Dumbledore's Army]]
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* [[Tom Riddle|Lord Voldemort]]
 
* [[Tom Riddle|Lord Voldemort]]
 
* [[Ginevra Weasley|Ginny Weasley]]
 
* [[Ginevra Weasley|Ginny Weasley]]
 
==Etymology==
 
Latin ''protego'', "I cover" or "I protect".
 
   
 
==Known Variations==
 
==Known Variations==
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*[[Protego Maxima]]
 
*[[Protego Maxima]]
 
*[[Protego Totalum]]
 
*[[Protego Totalum]]
  +
  +
==Etymology==
  +
Latin ''protego'', "I cover" or "I protect".
   
 
==Behind the scenes==
 
==Behind the scenes==
[[File:EPICNESS.gif|300px|thumb|right|[[Severus Snape]] using the shield charm against [[Harry Potter]].]]
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[[File:EPICNESS.gif|thumb|left|300px|[[Severus Snape]] using the shield charm against [[Harry Potter]].]]
*In the films, Shield Charms are used in nearly every duel shown, almost always used non-verbally and usually accompanied by a parry-like wand movement. The more accomplished wizards are seen parrying even the Killing Curse with a simple wave of their wand.
+
*In the films, Shield Charms are used in nearly every duel shown, almost always used non-verbally and usually accompanied by a parry-like wand movement.
  +
*Also in the films, Shield Charms are shown to be able to deflect material objects such as arrows which were shot using a bow. Also it has shown to be able to withstand dragon fire from a Hungarian Horntail as seen in Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows:Part 1 The Video Game.
  +
*The book depicts the Shield Charm as only being capable of repelling "minor to moderate curses and hexes", although Harry Potter uses it to block the worst effects of Antonin Dolohov's curse in the Department  of Mysteries. However the film implies the Shield Charm to be significantly more powerful in that Harry is able to use it to completely deflect powerful curses cast by Voldemort himself.
 
*In the early video games, ''[[Disarming Charm|Expelliarmus]]'' functions as a shield charm, due to a lack of enemies to Disarm. In these games, ''Protego'' is absent.
 
*In the early video games, ''[[Disarming Charm|Expelliarmus]]'' functions as a shield charm, due to a lack of enemies to Disarm. In these games, ''Protego'' is absent.
*In ''[[Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows: Part 2]]'', ''Protego'' is shown several times to be able to block the [[Killing Curse]].
+
*In the books Protego is also able to keep two quarreling wizards from going at each other when a shield is cast between them.
  +
*In ''[[Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows: Part 2]]'', ''Protego'' is shown several times to be able to block the [[Killing Curse]]. Harry blocks multiple Killing Curses from Voldemort during their final duel and Bellatrix Lestrange blocks four Killing Curses while duelling Molly Weasley. According to the books this is incorrect as the Killing Curse is "unblockable" which is the main reason for its particular infamy, but within the context of the films the fact is never mentioned. As the Killing Curse would instantly end any duel if it were unblockable, this might just be done for dramatic effect and for longer duels. 
  +
*In ''[[Harry Potter for Kinect]]'' Harry and Voldemort can use this spell against each other in the final battle during [[Voldemort's Last Stand]] as they engage in a normal duel.
   
 
==Appearances==
 
==Appearances==
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*''[[LEGO Harry Potter: Years 5-7]]''
 
*''[[LEGO Harry Potter: Years 5-7]]''
 
*''[[Harry Potter: Spells]]''
 
*''[[Harry Potter: Spells]]''
  +
*''[[Pottermore]]'' {{C|Mentioned in a wood carving at Spells/Duels}}
  +
*''[[Wonderbook: Book of Spells]]''
  +
*''[[Harry Potter for Kinect]]''
   
 
==Notes and references==
 
==Notes and references==
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[[de:Schildzauber]]
 
[[de:Schildzauber]]
 
[[fr:Charme du Bouclier]]
 
[[fr:Charme du Bouclier]]
  +
[[es:Encantamiento escudo]]
 
[[fi:Kilpiloitsu]]
 
[[fi:Kilpiloitsu]]
 
[[Category:Charms]]
 
[[Category:Charms]]
 
[[Category:Protective Spells]]
 
[[Category:Protective Spells]]
  +
[[Category:Spells of known incantation]]
  +
[[Category:Spells with Incantations of Latin Origin]]

Latest revision as of 23:42, April 18, 2014

Protego
Shield Charm
Incantation

Protego
(pro-TAY-goh)

Type

Charm

Hand Movement

Protego movement

Light

Bright, transparent blue

Effect

Magically blocks spells & physical entities

"You wouldn't believe how many people, even people who work at the Ministry, can't do a decent Shield Charm [...] "
George Weasley[src]

The Shield Charm (Protego) is a term applied to several varieties of charms that create a magical barrier to deflect physical entities and spells. Conjurations may sometimes rebound directly off it back towards the caster, or, in other cases, may ricochet off in other directions or dissipate as soon as they hit the shield.

This was also the subject of a question of the Theory of Charms O.W.L. in 1996.[1]

CastingEdit

The Shield Charm is a moderately difficult spell. Fred and George Weasley realised that most adult wizards, even those employed by the Ministry of Magic, could not produce a functional Shield Charm (something that not only could Harry Potter accomplish at age fourteen but, also impart to members of the D.A.). They used this to their advantage when marketing their line of protective clothing (hats, cloaks, etc.), upon which permanent Shield Charms were cast.

The incantation for the simplest Shield Charm spell is Protego. Incantations for other varieties of the Shield Charm include Protego Duo, Protego Horribilis, Protego Totalum and Protego Maxima.

Known usesEdit

Harry PotterEdit

"His Shield Charm was so strong Snape was knocked off-balance and hit a desk."
—Harry Potter's impressive mastery of the charm[src]
Stupefy block
Lucius Malfoy using the Shield Charm to deflect Harry's Stunning Spell.
Cavalier OneAdded by Cavalier One
Umbridge protego
Dolores Umbridge using Protego against the centaurs.
LeobrazilAdded by Leobrazil
Sirius Protego
Sirius Black using a Shield Charm during the Battle of the Department of Mysteries.
FredWiltersenAdded by FredWiltersen
Minerva-796x4481
Minerva McGonagall using a Shield Charm against a giant.
Harry casting the Shield Charm
Harry casting the Shield Charm during the Battle of Hogwarts
Death Eater casting a Shield Charm to Deflect stupefy
Unknown Death Eater casting the Shield Charm.
AmphareeceAdded by Amphareece
  • Harry Potter first learned this spell in his preparations for the Third Task of the Triwizard Tournament, during which his friends Ron Weasley and Hermione Granger shot spells at him so that he could practice shielding himself.[2]Although he later demonstrated an impressive mastery of this technique surpassing that of many Ministry employees, Harry initially had difficulty casting this spell as "Hermione was able to shatter it with a well-placed Jelly-Legs jinx".
  • Harry once used the charm to defend himself against Professor Snape's Legilimency during Occlumency training, and found himself unexpectedly seeing some of Snape's memories. This was most likely the reason why Snape was using a Pensieve to store his memories, and thus to preserve his privacy.[3]
  • Harry used the spell multiple times during the Battle of the Department of Mysteries in order to protect himself and his fellow D.A. members from Death Eaters, and to prevent them from summoning the Prophecy from him that night.[4]
  • During his first sixth year Defence lesson, Harry and the other members of his class had to cast this spell non-verbally. When Snape tried to jinx him, Harry instinctively used a Shield Charm (verbally cast) that was powerful enough to throw Snape off his feet, against a table.
  • Harry cast the charm between Hermione and Ron after the latter returned, since Hermione was furious with Ron to the point of wanting to curse him.[5]
  • Harry used the charm multiple times during the Battle of Hogwarts to protect various fighters on his side, such as Molly Weasley after she killed Bellatrix Lestrange.[5]

OtherEdit

PractitionersEdit

Known VariationsEdit

EtymologyEdit

Latin protego, "I cover" or "I protect".

Behind the scenesEdit

EPICNESS
Severus Snape using the shield charm against Harry Potter.
ParodistAdded by Parodist
  • In the films, Shield Charms are used in nearly every duel shown, almost always used non-verbally and usually accompanied by a parry-like wand movement.
  • Also in the films, Shield Charms are shown to be able to deflect material objects such as arrows which were shot using a bow. Also it has shown to be able to withstand dragon fire from a Hungarian Horntail as seen in Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows:Part 1 The Video Game.
  • The book depicts the Shield Charm as only being capable of repelling "minor to moderate curses and hexes", although Harry Potter uses it to block the worst effects of Antonin Dolohov's curse in the Department  of Mysteries. However the film implies the Shield Charm to be significantly more powerful in that Harry is able to use it to completely deflect powerful curses cast by Voldemort himself.
  • In the early video games, Expelliarmus functions as a shield charm, due to a lack of enemies to Disarm. In these games, Protego is absent.
  • In the books Protego is also able to keep two quarreling wizards from going at each other when a shield is cast between them.
  • In Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows: Part 2, Protego is shown several times to be able to block the Killing Curse. Harry blocks multiple Killing Curses from Voldemort during their final duel and Bellatrix Lestrange blocks four Killing Curses while duelling Molly Weasley. According to the books this is incorrect as the Killing Curse is "unblockable" which is the main reason for its particular infamy, but within the context of the films the fact is never mentioned. As the Killing Curse would instantly end any duel if it were unblockable, this might just be done for dramatic effect and for longer duels. 
  • In Harry Potter for Kinect Harry and Voldemort can use this spell against each other in the final battle during Voldemort's Last Stand as they engage in a normal duel.

AppearancesEdit

Notes and referencesEdit


Defence Against the Dark Arts (D.A.D.A.)
TDF-AGTS-P
Professors: Galatea Merrythought · Quirinus Quirrell · Gilderoy Lockhart · Remus Lupin · Barty Crouch Jr. (as Alastor Moody) · Dolores Umbridge · Severus Snape ·
Amycus Carrow (as Dark Arts teacher)
Textbooks: The Dark Forces: A Guide to Self-Protection · Break with a Banshee · Gadding with Ghouls · Holidays with Hags · Travels with Trolls ·
Voyages with Vampires · Wanderings with Werewolves · Year with the Yeti · The Essential Defence Against the Dark Arts · Defensive Magical Theory · Dark Arts Defence: Basics for Beginners · Confronting the Faceless · Magical Drafts and Potions
D.A.D.A. at Hogwarts: Classroom 3C · Temporary Classroom · Tower · Professor's Office · Storeroom · Staircase · Lesson Cup · Race Cup · Dumbledore's Army
Spells covered under the subject: Curse of the Bogies · Knockback Jinx · Verdimillious Charm · Verdimillious Duo Spell · Verdimillious Tria · Wand-Lighting Charm · Freezing Spell · Seize and Pull Charm · Patronus Charm · Killing Curse · Cruciatus Curse · Imperius Curse · Impediment Jinx · Reductor Curse · Stunning Spell · Shield Charm · Nonverbal spells · Hex-deflection ·
Hex-Breaker · Hex Zapper
Creatures covered under the subject: Vampire bats · Iguanas · Cornish Pixies · Werewolves · Vampires · Hinkypunks · Boggarts · Red Caps · Kappas · Grindylows · Inferius

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