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Second Wizarding War
Date

24 June, 1995[1]2 May, 1998[2]

Location

Wizarding world, United Kingdom[1][3][4][2]

Result

Ministry/Order of the Phoenix/Dumbledore's Army/allies victory. Death of Voldemort and defeat of Death Eaters.[2]

Combatants
Casualties
Harry Potter: "Do you really think there's going to be a war, Sirius?"
Sirius Black: "It… feels like it did before."
— Harry and Sirius at King's Cross Station[src]

The Second Wizarding War refers to the conflicts stemming from the Dark Wizard Lord Voldemort's second rise to power after his return in 1995. Voldemort and his followers, the Death Eaters, waged a violent campaign across both the wizarding and Muggle communities, seeking to topple the Ministry of Magic and subjugate Muggle-borns, with the eventual goal of conquering the entire wizarding world, and the Muggle world along with it. Harry Potter, prophesised as the "Chosen One" capable of bringing an end to Voldemort's power, took an active role in this war, alongside his peers in Dumbledore's Army and the members of the Order of the Phoenix. The Second War technically began on 24 June, 1995, though was not officially announced by the Ministry until 17 June, 1996, and ended on 2 May, 1998, at Hogwarts School of Witchcraft and Wizardry, after the death of the Dark Lord.

Background

First Wizarding War

Main article: First Wizarding War
"Even my parents, they're Muggles, know something's going on."
Hermione Granger[src]

The First Wizarding War was fought for approximately eleven years, from 1970 to 1981. It included Lord Voldemort's rise to power, the induction of the Death Eaters, and the mass chaos that resulted in his reign of terror.

Several great wizards were murdered in this time — brothers Fabian and Gideon Prewett,[3] Marlene McKinnon,[3] the Bones family,[3] and Harry Potter's parents, James and Lily Potter.[3] Others, such as Alice and Frank Longbottom, were left permanently both physically and/or mentally injured, to the extent that they could no longer perform magic.[1]

On 31 October, 1981, Voldemort attacked the home of James and Lily Potter in hopes of preventing the prophecy regarding his downfall from ever coming to fruition.[3] However, his Killing Curse on their son, Harry, backfired due to the sacrifice Harry's mother made for him, and Voldemort, having lost his physical body and magical powers, fled to a forest in Albania as a wisp of a shattered soul.[1] The fragments of his soul stored in his Horcruxes (see below) prevented his actual death,[1][2] which should have occurred when the Killing Curse backfired. Death Eaters were arrested by the Ministry of Magic; others such as Lucius Malfoy claimed they had been enslaved by the Imperius Curse. The First Wizarding War ended and peace was temporarily restored to the wizarding world.

There was much speculation afterward concerning Voldemort's survival. Only Albus Dumbledore had any confirmation he was in Albania. However, some, including Rubeus Hagrid, believed he was still alive, as he "wasn't human enough to die."[32] As Dumbledore strongly suspected that the worst was not over, Harry Potter was taken into the care of his Muggle relatives, the Dursleys.[32] Dumbledore placed a protective charm on their home which would break on either:

  1. The day Harry came of age,[3] or
  2. The day Harry stopped calling 4 Privet Drive home (the day he left and never returned).[4]

1991-1992

Quirrel-Voldemort

Voldemort on the back of Quirrell's head

Lord Voldemort waited patiently for ten years in Albania for one of his servants to come to his aid. He possesed the bodies of snakes and other animals to keep himself mobile,[1] but it was not until 1991, when Hogwarts professor Quirinus Quirrell visited Albania and was taken in by Voldemort's charisma. Voldemort possessed Quirrell and lived on the back of his head like a parasite, forcing Quirrell to feed off unicorn blood to give him strength. Voldemort attempted to steal the Philosopher's Stone from Gringotts Wizarding Bank and later Hogwarts School of Witchcraft and Wizardry,[32] but was thwarted by the wit and courage of Harry Potter, Ron Weasley, and Hermione Granger. Voldemort's soul then fled back to Albania, leaving a terribly weakened Quirrell to eventually die.[1]

During that year, centaurs Ronan and Bane predicted through Astrology that since the planet Mars was shining directly above Scotland, war would come soon.[32]

1992-1993

Before his first downfall, Voldemort had split his soul into six fragments which he embedded into Horcruxes. He did this out of his terror and paranoia of death.[33][2] One such Horcrux was Tom Riddle's diary, which Voldemort, through his servant Lucius Malfoy (who was ignorant of the diary's true form, not recognising it as a Horcrux, but thinking it was some obscure Dark object his master had created), tried to use to regain a physical form in 1992.[34] This time his unsuspecting victim was Ginny Weasley, who unwittingly allowed the diary to siphon life from her to the preserved memory of Tom Marvolo Riddle.[34] However, once again this plot was foiled by Harry Potter, his friends Ron Weasley and Hermione Granger, and Dumbledore's phoenix, Fawkes. The Horcrux was destroyed with a fang from Salazar Slytherin's basilisk.[34] This also led to Dumbledore having some proof of his belief that Voldemort had Horcruxes though not fully certain of it.[33]

1993-1994

In 1994, Ron's pet rat, Scabbers, was revealed to be Peter Pettigrew. Though thought to be dead, he was in hiding, due to the fact he was now a Death Eater and an accomplice. He had been hiding in his Animagus form of a rat since shortly after betraying the Potters to their deaths on 31 October, 1981.[35] His disguise was discovered by the part-Kneazle Crookshanks, Sirius Black, who had escaped from Azkaban in the Animagus form of a black dog named Padfoot, and Remus Lupin. Though not from lack of trying, Harry Potter failed to successfully turn Peter Pettigrew over to the Ministry of Magic, and he escaped to return to service to Voldemort, though later regretted it, where he made two complicated dark potions, one of which was the Regeneration potion, to return Voldemort to a body.[35][1]

1994-1995

Voldemort soon learned one of his loyal Death Eaters was alive and had escaped Azkaban. After a group of Death Eaters wreaked havoc at the 1994 Quidditch World Cup, Barty Crouch Jr. scared them off by launching the Dark Mark into the sky. Voldemort and Crouch then hatched a plan to bring Harry Potter to Voldemort. Using Polyjuice Potion, Crouch disguised himself as Alastor Moody, who would be returning to Hogwarts to teach Defence Against the Dark Arts. Using his position of authority, Crouch entered Harry Potter into the Triwizard Tournament, under the name of a false fourth school. During the final task, Crouch turned the Triwizard Cup into a Portkey, which then transported Harry to the Little Hangleton graveyard. Using Harry's blood, Voldemort was able to regain physical form and overcome the protective spell from Harry's mother. After a duel between the two, Harry managed to escape and report Voldemort's return to Albus Dumbledore.

War

Rebirth of Lord Voldemort (1995)

"Don't you turn your back at me, Harry Potter! I want you to look at me when I kill you! I want to see the light leave your eyes!"
—Voldemort before the Duel in Little Hangleton[src]
Vldemrt 70 Rbrth

Voldemort immediately after his rebirth

In the beginning, there were casualties which went unnoticed by most. Bertha Jorkins, a Ministry of Magic official at the Department of International Magical Cooperation, was captured by Peter Pettigrew during her holiday to Albania in summer of 1994.[36] She was interrogated for information on the Triwizard Tournament and then murdered with the Killing Curse. Frank Bryce, Muggle caretaker of the Riddle family mansion, was murdered by Lord Voldemort with the Killing Curse on 20 August, 1994, after overhearing Voldemort's plans to murder Harry Potter.[37]

Malfoysvoldemort

Lord Voldemort with his Death Eaters, minutes after his rebirth.

Barty Crouch Sr., head of the Department of Magical Cooperation at the Ministry, was murdered by his son Barty Crouch, Jr in May of 1995.[38] Barty had been previously incarcerated in Azkaban for the crime of taking part in the capture and, by means of the Cruciatus Curse, torture of the aforementioned Longbottoms.[39] Later, his father smuggled him out of prison to fulfill the dying wish of Mrs. Crouch. However, with the aid of Lord Voldemort and Peter Pettigrew, Crouch broke free of his father's Imperius Curse and took up the position of Defence Against the Dark Arts professor at Hogwarts, in an elaborate scheme to take on the identity of Alastor Moody. His father was subsequently put under the Imperius curse by Lord Voldemort, but when he escaped, he was killed by his son before he could reveal the truth to Dumbledore. However due to Harry's escape his identity was comprimised and his soul was destroyed by the Dementor's Kiss.[40]

Cdrc dggry's dth

Death of Cedric Diggory

On the same night, Cedric Diggory was murdered by Peter Pettigrew, who used the Killing Curse on Voldemort's orders, with Voldemort's yew wand.[12] Through a spell and potion, Voldemort regained his physical form, though under developed, and attempted to duel Harry Potter. He failed, as the "echoes" of his previous victims, including James and Lily Potter, Cedric Diggory, Bertha Jorkins, and Frank Bryce came to the scene at the accidental summoning of Priori Incantatem. They held back Voldemort's spell's power, allowing Harry to escape using the Triwizard Cup as a portkey back to Hogwarts.[41]

The Ministry of Magic's denial (1995-96)

TheBoyWhoLies

A Daily Prophet article showing the Ministry trying to slander Harry Potter and anyone who believed him

Shortly after Harry emerged from the maze claiming Lord Voldemort had returned, Cornelius Fudge, the Minister for Magic, refused to believe it, as it might compromise his position as Minister. Instead of working with Dumbledore to prepare the wizarding world for battle and try to stop the Death Eaters, Cornelius Fudge launched a campaign to slander and discredit both Harry Potter and Albus Dumbledore, as Fudge was paranoid that Dumbledore was after his job. Fudge used his influence at the Daily Prophet to convince the wizarding public that Dumbledore and Harry were crazy, attention-seeking liars and that everything was going well in the world.

The Ministry appointed Dolores Umbridge to Defence Against the Dark Arts teacher at Hogwarts, and soon she became Hogwarts High Inquisitor, giving her enormous power over the students and the teachers and enforcing the Minsitry's agenda at Hogwarts. Harry was further alienated by students and friends, such as Seamus Finnigan, and even his friend Ron's brother Percy Weasley, who wrote Ron a letter saying that Ron should distance himself from Harry. Umbridge also punished Harry with sadistic, torture-like detentions for telling the truth by making him write "I must not tell lies" with a Blood Quill.

However, Harry found strength from within by forming a secret organization with his friends called Dumbledore's Army to prepare themselves for the war that would soon follow. As Dumbledore's Army trained, disapperances continued to occur as Voldemort gained power, while the Ministry turned a blind eye to it. The Dementors guarding Azkaban started to move their authority to Voldemort and a large break-out occured, including the release of notoriously sadistic Death Eater Bellatrix Lestrange. Dumbledore was forced to flee the school when Dumbledore's Army was discovered and he took the blame for it, and Umbridge was appointed Headmistress of Hogwarts, though she did not get much help from the other teachers stopping the chaos that the students caused to distrupt her tyrannical regime.

Battle of the Department of Mysteries (1996)

"Things aren't going at all well with the Order…and these disappearances are just how it started before. Voldemort is on the move."
Sirius Black to Harry Potter, pointed out the comparison of the First War and the events in 1996.[src]
Fighting Death Eaters

A few of the D.A. members battle Death Eaters in the Hall of Prophecy.

After the Death Eaters made two unsuccessful attempts to steal a prophecy from the Department of Mysteries,[3] it was realised that only those about whom the prophecy referred could remove them from the shelves in the Hall of Prophecy. Thus, in June 1996, Lord Voldemort used his connection to Harry Potter to send him a fake vision of his godfather, Sirius Black, being tortured.[3]

After leading Umbridge into the Forbidden Forest where she was carried away by centaurs after insulting them, Harry and fellow Dumbledore's Army members Hermione Granger, Ron Weasley, Neville Longbottom, Luna Lovegood, and Ginny Weasley flew on Thestrals to the Department of Mysteries within the Ministry of Magic building to try to rescue Sirius. After obtaining the "Dark Lord's prophecy," they were confronted by Death Eaters Bellatrix Lestrange, Rodolphus Lestrange, Rabastan Lestrange, Crabbe, Nott, Avery, Jr., Augustus Rookwood, Walden Macnair, Jugson, Antonin Dolohov, Mulciber, and the group's leader Lucius Malfoy.[3]

Voldemort's battle with Dmbledre

The Dark Lord's duel with Albus Dumbledore.

The D.A. students quickly distracted the Death Eaters, scattering throughout the Department of Mysteries, and frequently encountering and duelling with the dark wizards. Neville had his face kicked and as a result could not perform spells;[3] Hermione, Luna, Ron, and Ginny were all incapacitated, as well as numerous Death Eaters, but there were no fatalities until five members from the Order of the PhoenixSirius Black, Kingsley Shacklebolt, Nymphadora Tonks, Remus Lupin, and Alastor Moody — arrived. They battled the Death Eaters before Bellatrix Lestrange suddenly blasted Sirius Black with her wand, causing him to fall and disappear through a mysterious veil, killing him instantly.[3]

Voldemort's Fiendfyre

Voldemort's fiery serpent attacks Dumbledore.

Soon afterwards, Albus Dumbledore appeared and captured (through the use of an Anti-Disapparition Jinx) all the Death Eaters except Bellatrix, who ran out of the chamber chased by Harry Potter, and for the first time in his life Harry used an unforgivable curse and casted the Cruciatus Curse on Bellatrix. However the curse was too weak, because Harry was angry at Bellatrix for killing Sirius, rather than wanting to purely cause Bellatrix pain, and so gave Bellatrix only a small amount of pain. The two proceeded to exchange spells in the Atrium. Searching for Harry and Bellatrix, Dumbledore then came across Lord Voldemort himself. The two engaged in a duel of epic proportions which left the Fountain of Magical Brethren in ruins.[3] Realising he could not beat Dumbledore, Lord Voldemort attempted to possess Harry in the hope that Dumbledore would sacrifice Harry in order to kill Voldemort. When an army of Aurors arrived, Voldemort hastily fled, thus ending the battle and causing Fudge to finally believe Dumbledore and Harry's claims about the Dark Lord's return.[3]

Open War

MillenniumBridgeCollapse

The Millennium Bridge collapses.

There were numerous casualties of war in 1996. When Minister Cornelius Fudge refused to surrender the Ministry, Voldemort destroyed both the Brockdale[5] and the Millennium Bridges,[8] drowning many Muggles. Florean Fortescue and Garrick Ollivander both went missing and[17] Ollivander's shop was emptied, but there was no sign of struggle. Florean Fortescue's Ice Cream Parlour showed evidence of a struggle or fight, but no sign of him was ever found. A man named Octavius Pepper disappeared in the early spring. Igor Karkaroff was found dead under a Dark Mark after he deserted Voldemort.[17] Order of the Phoenix member Emmeline Vance and Head of Magical Law Enforcement Amelia Bones were murdered by unknown assailants.[5][16] These events allowed Head of the Auror Office Rufus Scrimgeour to replace Fudge as the new Minister for Magic.[10]

StampOutTheEnemy

Rufus Scrimgeour-led Ministry of Magic anti-Death Eater propaganda during the Second Wizarding War (c. 1996).

During this time, Voldemort also gathered the strengths of the giants,[4] Dementors,[4] and werewolves[4] to his cause. Voldemort also set a plan in motion to assassinate Albus Dumbledore, the leader of the resistance against him, striking a crippling blow against the wizarding world's morale as well as removing Harry Potter's strongest defender and mentor.

Battle of the Astronomy Tower (1997)

At the close of the Hogwarts school year in June 1997, Albus Dumbledore was slain by Severus Snape's Killing Curse in the Hogwarts Astronomy Tower.[18] He had been previously sickened to the brink of exhaustion by the Drink of Despair. After convincing Draco Malfoy to forgo his plans to murder him, Severus Snape and four other Death Eaters came to the scene. Snape took over the task of killing Dumbledore.

Death Eater victory

The Death Eaters atop the Astronomy Tower.

Among the Death Eaters present were siblings Alecto and Amycus Carrow,[18] Bellatrix Lestrange,[8] Yaxley,[42] Thorfinn Rowle[43] and Gibbon,[4] along with werewolf Fenrir Greyback.[18] On the side of Hogwarts were siblings Ginny,[31] Ron,[44] and Bill Weasley,[31] Hermione Granger,[44] Luna Lovegood,[31] Neville Longbottom,[31] Remus Lupin,[31] Nymphadora Tonks,[31] Minerva McGonagall,[43] and Harry Potter.[18] Bill Weasley was attacked by werewolf Fenrir Greyback and received scars on his face, but because Greyback was not fully transformed at the time of the attack, Bill sustained only minimal lycanthropic symptoms.[31] On the Death Eaters' side, the only death was Gibbon, killed by a stray Killing Curse cast by Thorfinn Rowle.

2. Albus Dumbledore's Death

Albus Dumbledore's body falling from the Astronomy Tower after his death

The Death Eaters were forced to retreat once their task was accomplished. They were pursued by Harry, who duelled with Snape but was unable to prevent the Death Eaters' escape.[43] Much of the luck of the Hogwarts' defenders can be attributed to Felix Felicis, liquid luck, which was used by the students who were present.[31] Now that Voldemort was finally rid of Dumbledore, the only wizard he ever was afraid of, he could turn his attention to toppling the Ministry and finally killing Harry Potter.

Battle of the Seven Potters (1997)

7-potters

The seven Potters.

Also known as the Battle over Little Whinging, this battle occurred when the Order of the Phoenix was ambushed while attempting to remove Harry Potter from the Dursley home at 4 Privet Drive just before Harry's seventeenth birthday.[20] The "seven Potters" included Hermione Granger,[20] Fleur Delacour,[20] Ron,[20] Fred, and George Weasley,[20] and Mundungus Fletcher,[20] who all took Polyjuice Potion to take on the disguise of Harry Potter. Alastor "Mad-Eye" Moody,[20] Bill[20] and Arthur Weasley,[20] Remus Lupin,[20] Nymphadora Tonks,[20] Kingsley Shacklebolt,[20] and Rubeus Hagrid[20] acted as escorts to various "Potters" to confuse any Death Eaters who might try to prevent them from reaching their destination of the Burrow. Immediately after takeoff, they were ambushed by at least thirty Death Eaters,[20] including Severus Snape,[20] Bellatrix Lestrange,[21] and Lord Voldemort.[20] Fletcher Disapparated as soon as he sensed danger,[21] and Hedwig and Moody were both slain by Killing Curses.[20][21]

Hedwig's death

Hedwig taking a Killing Curse that was directed at Harry

All others safely arrived at the Burrow, with only George Weasley sustaining a great injury of the loss of his ear which was accidentally caused by Severus Snape's Sectumsempra curse.[21] Harry, however, was devastated by the death of his loyal pet owl.[21]

Fall of the Ministry of Magic (1997)

Thicknesse regime

Ministry Officials Albert Runcorn, Dolores Umbridge, Pius Thicknesse and Yaxley introduce the new Death Eater controlled Ministry.

On 1 August, 1997, the Ministry of Magic fell under the control of Lord Voldemort. The coup was described as "swift and quiet,"[22] but as Minister for Magic Rufus Scrimgeour and possibly Head Auror Gawain Robards were killed, this is disputable. Before Scrimgeour died, he was interrogated under use of the Cruciatus Curse about Harry's whereabouts; despite his knowledge, Scrimgeour's last act was to protect Harry from Voldemort.[22] Many of the Ministry's top officials were under the influence of the Imperius Curse when this battle took place, including Head of the Department of Magical Law Enforcement Pius Thicknesse,[22] who became Voldemort's puppet Minister after the take-over. Whether Death Eaters actually entered the Ministry and fought in person is not known. Regardless, some Death Eaters, such as Yaxley,[42] Travers,[45] and Selwyn[2] became employees in the new regime. They also quickly placed the Taboo curse on Voldemort's name as a way of spreading fear and locating enemies which later played an important role in the capture of Harry Potter, Ronald Weasley, and Hermione Granger.[46][25][26]

Kingsley Shacklebolt's patronus

Kingsley Shacklebolt's patronus

The Order was informed of the coup by Kingsley Shacklebolt's Patronus, which arrived at the Burrow during the reception for Bill Weasley and Fleur Delacour's wedding.[47] Death Eaters arrived as Hermione Apparated herself, Harry and Ron to Tottenham Court Road. There, after unwittingly breaking the Taboo on Voldemort's name,[48] they were ambushed by Antonin Dolohov and Thorfinn Rowle. After the Luchino Caffe Duel, Hermione wiped their memories. Harry, Ron and Hermione then took to hiding in 12 Grimmauld Place.[48][49][22]

Meanwhile, Death Eaters interrogated those at the Burrow as well as other locations affiliated with the Order. Dedalus Diggle's house was burned down,[22] though he was not there at the time, and Ted and Andromeda Tonks were tortured for information.[22] The Death Eater regime soon established the Muggle-Born Registration Commission to round up and imprison Muggle-borns on charges of "stealing" magic. The new regime also asserted control over Hogwarts, attendance at which became mandatory, and installed Severus Snape as Headmaster.[22]

Infiltration of the Ministry (1997)

Trioministry

The disguised trio prepare to infiltrate the Ministry

On 2 September, 1997, Harry, Ron, and Hermione infiltrated the Death Eater-controlled Ministry under the disguise of Polyjuice Potion. They disguised themselves as Albert Runcorn,[42] Reginald Cattermole,[42] and Mafalda Hopkirk, respectively. They were looking for Salazar Slytherin's Locket, which they believed to be in the possession of Dolores Umbridge.[22] Not only did they manage to reclaim the locket, but Harry Potter also liberated Alastor Moody's magical eye from the front of Umbridge's office door. In addition, they assisted several Muggle-born wizards in escaping interrogation.[45] There were no known deaths or permanent injuries. However, they were forced to abandon 12 Grimmauld Place as a safe house after Yaxley forcibly Disapparated with them by grabbing Hermione's arm.[23]

Attack at Godric's Hollow (1997)

Serp

Nagini inside the house of Bathilda Bagshot.

On Christmas Eve of 1997, Harry Potter and Hermione Granger made their way to Godric's Hollow, both to visit the graves of the former's parents and to see if Bathilda Bagshot knew anything about the symbol on a book left to Hermione by Albus Dumbledore, and if she possibly had Godric Gryffindor's Sword.[50] After visiting the graves of James and Lily Potter, Harry and Hermione were spotted by Bathilda, despite being under Harry's Invisibility Cloak. They followed her back to her home, where Harry saw a picture of a young wizard he later learned was Bathilda's nephew, Gellert Grindelwald.[51]Bathilda beckoned Harry to follow her upstairs, and Hermione reluctantly remained on the lower floor.


Hermione65432

Hermione listening to Ron's tale of how he had found them.

Once upstairs, Bathilda asked if he was Harry Potter; he was not aware that she asked this in Parseltongue. When he confirmed that he was, he felt his scar burn — Bathilda had in fact been dead for some time, and Nagini was in her animated corpse.[24] She signaled Voldemort and then attacked Harry, biting and coiling herself around him. Hermione came running upstairs and tried to curse the snake while Harry felt Voldemort approaching. Hermione repelled Nagini from Harry using a Blasting Curse that also ended up breaking Harry's wand. Both jumped out of the window and Disapparated just as Voldemort arrived. Hermione managed to heal Harry's bite, but they had to share her wand until Ron Weasley returned to them, with a spare wand taken from Snatchers.[52]

Ambush at the Lovegood House (1997)

LovegoodHouse

Lovegood House, shortly before the trio's escape.

On 30 December, 1997, shortly after Ron Weasley returned to his friends and destroyed the locket Horcrux,[52] Hermione Granger expressed a desire to visit Xenophilius Lovegood in order to question him about a mysterious symbol somehow connected to The Tales of Beedle the Bard, Albus Dumbledore, Gellert Grindelwald, and Godric's Hollow. It was also the symbol Xenophilius had worn to the wedding at the Burrow in the summer.[47]

In spite of Harry Potter's scepticism, the trio went to the Lovegood House. There, Xenophilius told them about the legend of the Deathly Hallows. They began to grow suspicious, however, when they saw a copy of The Quibbler that was no longer supportive of Harry and the Order of the Phoenix,[53] and when they deduced that Luna Lovegood had not been home for a long time. Xenophilius admitted that Death Eaters had taken her hostage against his good behaviour, and that he had alerted them to Harry's presence in his home.[53] He tried to hold them there, but ended up causing the erumpent horn in his living room to explode. The trio hid as Selwyn and Travers arrived and started to beat and torture Xenophilius,[53] thinking he had been lying to them. Hermione then engineered their escape so that the Death Eaters caught a glimpse of her and Harry but not of Ron, who was supposed to be home with spattergroit. That way, Ron's alibi was preserved and the Death Eaters would not punish Xenophilius or Luna.[25]

Skirmish at Malfoy Manor (1998)

Bellatrix throwing knife

Bellatrix throws the knife that kills Dobby.

The small but bloody skirmish of Malfoy Manor occurred after Fenrir Greyback captured Harry Potter, Ron Weasley, Hermione Granger, Griphook, and Dean Thomas after Harry broke the Taboo on Voldemort's name. Greyback and five Snatchers descended on their location around Easter of 1998 when Harry accidentally broke the Taboo.[25][26]

Opting to take Harry directly to Voldemort for the large reward, they Apparated to his headquarters of Malfoy Manor. Though Voldemort was elsewhere, the Malfoy family,[26] Bellatrix Lestrange,[26], and Peter Pettigrew[26] were present. Bellatrix stunned the Snatchers for their "lack of respect" towards her, and ordered Draco Malfoy to take all the hostages to the basement, where they met with Luna Lovegood and Garrick Ollivander. Bellatrix kept Hermione back for a while, and tortured her with the Cruciatus Curse for information on how they were able to get Godric Gryffindor's Sword. In spite of her great suffering, Hermione was able to concoct a bogus story, claiming the sword was a fake.[26]

Ronconforts

Ron and Hermione watch as Dobby dies in Harry's arms.

"You're going to kill me? After I saved your life? You owe me, Wormtail!"
—Harry to Wormtail when he attempted to strangle Harry[src]

Dobby the house-elf was sent to Harry from Aberforth Dumbledore,[54] and Harry requested that he evacuate Dean, Ollivander and Luna using the elf's special brand of Apparition magic. The noise was overheard in the house above, and Peter Pettigrew was sent to investigate. He was ambushed in the basement when Harry and Ron took his wand and briefly battled him hand-to-hand.[26] However, when Harry reminded Pettigrew that he had saved his life, Pettigew hesitated to kill Harry and, despite of Harry's and Ron's efforts to stop it, Pettigrew's Voldemort-made silver hand turned against him and strangled him to death for the tiny, merciful impulse that Wormtail felt.[26]

The two boys then stormed the room where Bellatrix was holding Hermione. When Dobby reappeared, the group - Harry, Ron, Hermione, Griphook, and Dobby - Disapparated to the cottage of Bill Weasley and Fleur Delacour. It was only then that they discovered Bellatrix had thrown a blade and stabbed Dobby, who died soon afterwards. Dobby was buried in the garden of Shell Cottage with the epitaph of "Here lies Dobby, A Free Elf."[27]

Gringotts Break-in (1998)

Dragona

Dragon at Gringotts

While staying at Shell Cottage, Harry, Ron, and Hermione planned to break into Gringotts Wizarding Bank in order to steal an item from the Lestrange vault, as they suspected from Bellatrix’s earlier panic that it was one of Voldemort’s Horcruxes.[27] Using hair that had fallen onto Hermione's sweater when Bellatrix was holding her at Malfoy Manor, the trio brewed Polyjuice Potion so that Hermione could disguise herself as the Death Eater. She then transfigured various aspects of Ron's appearance and he took on the alias of "Dragomir Despard",[55] a foreign wizard. Harry and Griphook followed under the Invisibility Cloak.

Bellatrix-vault-gringotts-bank-harry-potter-and-the-deathly-hallows-part-2

The look of Bellatrix Lestrange's Vault after the Helga Hufflepuff's Cup duplicated into multiple pieces by using the Geminio spell.

With Griphook's help, and Harry using Confundus Charms and the Imperius Curse on Death Eater Travers and various bank employees, the trio got into the Lestrange vault. There, they struggled to get Helga Hufflepuff's Cup as the treasure turned hot enough to burn them and multiplied when touched.[55] Just as they obtained the Cup, Griphook took Godric Gryffindor's Sword from Harry and deserted them. Harry, Hermione and Ron escaped by flying the half-blind dragon that had been guarding the vault out of the bank.[55][56]

Battle of Hogwarts (1998)

Main article: Battle of Hogwarts
Voldemort and his followers at the Battle of Hogwarts

Lord Voldemort leading his Death Eaters into battle

After learning his Horcruxes were being systematically hunted and destroyed, Lord Voldemort warned the Carrows that Harry might go to the Ravenclaw tower and ordered a massive attack on Hogwarts Castle, where his Horcrux was hidden as Rowena Ravenclaw's Diadem. Harry, Ron, and Hermione went into the Room of Requirement, followed close behind by Vincent Crabbe, Draco Malfoy, and Gregory Goyle. Crabbe set off Feindfyre, burning everything until Harry, Ron, and Hermione rescued Draco and Goyle and flew from the Room on broomsticks. Crabbe was unable to escape and perished.[7] Hogwarts fortified itself for the attack. Voldemort demanded that Hogwarts hand over Harry Potter but, despite his threats, they remained in support of Harry and refused.[7] Eventually, having been convinced to hand himself over by Snape's memories,[28] Harry surrendered himself to Voldemort in the Forbidden Forest, convinced that his death would destroy Voldemort as well, for a piece of Voldemort's soul attached itself to Harry's soul when the Killing Curse backfired, turning Harry into an accidental Horcrux.

"Harry Potter is dead. He was killed as he ran away, trying to save himself while you lay down your lives for him. We bring you his body as proof that your hero is gone. The battle is won. My Death Eaters outnumber you, and the Boy Who Lived is finished."
—Voldemort after Harry's apparent death[src]

Voldemort's use of the Killing Curse on Harry merely sent Harry's soul into a Limbo where he had a brief conversation with Dumbledore before reawaking in the forest.[57][11] To maintain his safety, Potter feigned his death. Ordered by Voldemort to confirm Harry's demise, Narcissa Malfoy discovered that Potter was in fact alive, but kept it secret in exchange for information from Harry concerning the welfare of her child Draco[11] (she no longer cared who won, she just cared whether or not Draco was alive and well). Rubeus Hagrid was forced to carry Harry back to the Castle, where the Hogwarts community believed he had been killed and Voldemort claimed that he had been caught trying to escape and save himself. In the ensuing commotion, Harry concealed himself with the Invisibility Cloak, and witnessed Neville beheading Nagini, Voldemort's last remaining Horcrux[11].

"NOT MY DAUGHTER, YOU BITCH!"
Molly Weasley to Bellatrix Lestrange after a killing curse cast by Bellatrix missed Ginny by an inch.[src]

Morale renewed by Longbottom's bravery, the final battle included the house-elves,[11] the residents of Hogsmeade;[11] the friends and families of every remaining student,[11] a few returning Slytherins,[11] a flock of Thestrals,[11] a herd of centaurs,[11]and the outlaw Hippogriff Buckbeak.[11] Death Eaters were either cut down or forced to surrender. In the Great Hall of Hogwarts, the crowd congregated around Voldemort battling Kingsley Shacklebolt, Minerva McGonagall and Horace Slughorn all at once, and "his last, best lieutenant," Bellatrix Lestrange, fighting Hermione Granger, Ginny Weasley, and Luna Lovegood. After Bellatrix nearly killed Ginny, Molly Weasley stepped in, killing the Death Eater.[11] Voldemort blasted his three opponents away from him and turned on Molly, but Harry Potter revealed himself at that moment [11].

The Duel in the Great Hall (1998)

Duelinthegreathall

Lord Voldemort's final stand

The crowd retreated and watched then as the two great enemies, Lord Voldemort and Harry Potter, bantered and circled each other. Harry dared Voldemort to feel remorse,[11] to which Voldemort responded by shooting a Killing Curse from the Elder Wand. Harry simultaneously fired his own signature spell, the Disarming Charm (Expelliarmus), using Draco Malfoy's wand. However, because the Elder Wand rightfully belonged to Harry, the Killing Curse rebounded and ended Voldemort's life once and for all, restoring peace to the wizarding world. Harry then, shortly after, used the Elder Wand to repair his own broken wand, and then placed it back in Dumbledore's tomb, hoping the wand's power would die with him.[11]

The Second Wizarding War was over with a decisive victory for the Order of the Phoenix and Dumbledore's Army.[11] Few members of the order survived, but most the Death Eaters and allies were either killed or imprisoned after the war, except the Malfoy family.[11][58]Those killed were Augustus Rookwood, Jugson, Avery, Mulciber, Thorfin Rowle, Travers, and many others.

Aftermath

After the defeat of Voldemort, 20 or more Death Eaters were killed. The rest were imprisoned, with the exception of the Malfoys. Approximately 55 soldiers of the Order and the D.A. were killed in the final battle.[11] Kingsley Shacklebolt was named interim Minister for Magic, and later took the position on permanently. Minerva McGonagall became headmistress of Hogwarts. Celebrations were held in the Great Hall of Hogwarts.

In the years following the Second Wizarding War, the Ministry of Magic was massively reformed in order to put an end to prejudice based on blood status and to better combat Dark Wizards in the future.[59] In addition to the reforms of Minister Shacklebolt, Harry Potter revolutionised the Auror Office and Hermione Granger advanced the rights of magical creatures and eradicated the old pro-pure-blood laws from high up in the Department of Magical Law Enforcement.[59] Ron Weasley joined his brother George at Weasleys' Wizarding Wheezes, which became an enormous money-spinner.

Known casualties

Person Allegiance Killed by Cause of death Circumstances Time of death
Cedric Diggory

[1]

Hogwarts Peter Pettigrew, on Lord Voldemort's orders Killing Curse Accompanied Harry Potter to the graveyard in Little Hangleton 24 June, 1995
Broderick Bode

[3]

Ministry of Magic Unknown Death Eaters Strangled by Devil's Snare[3] To prevent him from revealing the Death Eaters' planned theft of a prophecy from the Department of Mysteries January 1996
Sirius Black

[3]

Marauders, Order of the Phoenix Bellatrix Lestrange Knocked through the Veil Battle of the Department of Mysteries 17 June, 1996
Amelia Bones

[5][15]

Ministry of Magic Lord Voldemort Killing Curse (possibly) A relative of Order of the Phoenix members, and senior official at the Ministry of Magic Summer of 1996
Igor Karkaroff

[17]

Death Eaters (betrayed), Durmstrang Unknown Death Eaters Unknown Killed for betraying his fellow Death Eaters after the First Wizarding War July 1996
Mrs. Abbott

[4]

N/A Found dead in her home Autumn of 1996
Florean Fortescue

[17]

Unknown, possibly Death Eaters Abducted from his shop along with Mr. Ollivander 1996
Emmeline Vance

[16]

Order of the Phoenix Unknown Death Eaters Member of the Order of the Phoenix Mid-1996
Albus Dumbledore

[18]

Hogwarts, Order of the Phoenix (founder and leader) Severus Snape, on Dumbledore's own orders Killing Curse As part of his own plan; Dumbledore was already dying and Snape was a spy for the Order of the Phoenix June 1997
Gibbon

[31]

Death Eaters Thorfinn Rowle Killing Curse, accidental Rowle was aiming for Remus Lupin during battle
Charity Burbage

[19]

Hogwarts Lord Voldemort Killing Curse Gathering of Death Eaters at Malfoy Manor July 1997
Hedwig

[20]

Harry Potter A Death Eater Battle of the Seven Potters
Alastor Moody

[21]

Hogwarts, Order of the Phoenix Lord Voldemort
Rufus Scrimgeour

[22]

Ministry of Magic (Minister for Magic) Possibly Killing Curse Takeover of the Ministry 1 August 1997
German family

[42]

N/A Killing Curse Killed for not having information on Gregorovitch's location Autumn of 1997
Gregorovitch

[23]

Voldemort's search for the Elder Wand
Bathilda Bagshot

[25]

Voldemort, or on his orders Unknown Body used as a disguise for Nagini to trap Harry Potter 1997
Jacob Erland Unknown Reported missing on Potterwatch
Jennifer Winston
Joe Laurie
Joshua Flexson
Ted Tonks

[25]

Order of the Phoenix Snatchers The search for "Mudbloods" and "blood traitors" Spring of 1998
Dirk Cresswell

[25]

Ministry of Magic, Slug Club alumnus
Gornuk

[25]

Gringotts
Peter Pettigrew

[26]

Marauders (betrayed), Death Eaters His own magical silver hand Strangling He owed a life debt to Harry Potter
Dobby

[27]

Hogwarts, Harry Potter Bellatrix Lestrange Stabbed with a thrown knife while Disapparating The escape from Malfoy Manor
Bogrod, and Griphook, and many other Goblins and Gaurds[56] Gringotts Dragon of Gringotts /
Voldemort
Destruction of Gringotts / Killing Curse Gringotts Break-in
Vincent Crabbe Death Eaters Himself (by accident) Fiendfyre Battle of Hogwarts, his spell raged out of control, destroying everything in the Room of Requirement, including Rowena Ravenclaw's Diadem 2 May, 1998
Fred Weasley

[7]

Dumbledore's Army, Hogwarts, Order of the Phoenix Unknown Explosion Battle of Hogwarts
Remus Lupin

[28]

Marauders (last surviving), Hogwarts (resigned), Order of the Phoenix Antonin Dolohov Duel
Nymphadora Tonks

[28]

Order of the Phoenix, Ministry of Magic (Auror) Bellatrix Lestrange[59]
Lavender Brown Hogwarts Fenrir Greyback Werewolf attack
Colin Creevey Hogwarts Unknown Unknown
Severus Snape

[30]

Double agent: Order of the Phoenix and Hogwarts (primary loyalties) and the Death Eaters Nagini, on Voldemort’s orders Snakebite
Nagini

[11]

Death Eaters (Voldemort's Horcrux) Neville Longbottom Beheaded with Godric Gryffindor's Sword
Bellatrix Lestrange

[11]

Death Eaters Molly Weasley Unknown curse
Tom Marvolo Riddle/Lord Voldemort[11] Death Eaters (founder and leader) Himself (inadvertently), Harry Potter Killing Curse backfire Battle of Hogwarts, Final duel with Harry Potter

Behind the scenes

Appearances

Notes and references

  1. 1.00 1.01 1.02 1.03 1.04 1.05 1.06 1.07 1.08 1.09 1.10 1.11 1.12 Harry Potter and the Goblet of Fire
  2. 2.00 2.01 2.02 2.03 2.04 2.05 2.06 2.07 2.08 2.09 2.10 2.11 2.12 2.13 2.14 2.15 2.16 2.17 2.18 2.19 2.20 2.21 Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows
  3. 3.00 3.01 3.02 3.03 3.04 3.05 3.06 3.07 3.08 3.09 3.10 3.11 3.12 3.13 3.14 3.15 3.16 3.17 3.18 3.19 3.20 3.21 3.22 3.23 Harry Potter and the Order of the Phoenix
  4. 4.00 4.01 4.02 4.03 4.04 4.05 4.06 4.07 4.08 4.09 4.10 4.11 4.12 4.13 4.14 4.15 4.16 4.17 4.18 Harry Potter and the Half-Blood Prince
  5. 5.0 5.1 5.2 5.3 5.4 Harry Potter and the Half-Blood Prince (Chapter 1, "The Other Minister")
  6. Harry Potter and the Order of the Phoenix (Chapter 5, "The Order of the Phoenix")
  7. 7.00 7.01 7.02 7.03 7.04 7.05 7.06 7.07 7.08 7.09 7.10 7.11 7.12 7.13 Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows (Chapter 31, "The Battle of Hogwarts")
  8. 8.0 8.1 8.2 Harry Potter and the Half-Blood Prince (film)
  9. Harry Potter and the Order of the Phoenix (Chapter 34, "The Department of Mysteries")
  10. 10.0 10.1 Harry Potter and the Half-Blood Prince (Chapter 3, "Will and Won't")
  11. 11.00 11.01 11.02 11.03 11.04 11.05 11.06 11.07 11.08 11.09 11.10 11.11 11.12 11.13 11.14 11.15 11.16 11.17 11.18 11.19 11.20 11.21 11.22 11.23 11.24 Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows (Chapter 36, "The Flaw in the Plan")
  12. 12.0 12.1 Harry Potter and the Goblet of Fire (Chapter 32, "Flesh, Blood, and Bone")
  13. Harry Potter and Order of the Phoenix (Chapter 25, "The Beetle at Bay")
  14. Harry Potter and the Order of the Phoenix (Chapter 35, "Beyond the Veil")
  15. 15.0 15.1 Harry Potter and the Half-Blood Prince (Chapter 4, "Horace Slughorn")
  16. 16.0 16.1 16.2 Harry Potter and the Half-Blood Prince (Chapter 2, "Spinner's End")
  17. 17.0 17.1 17.2 17.3 17.4 17.5 Harry Potter and the Half-Blood Prince (Chapter 6, "Draco's Detour")
  18. 18.0 18.1 18.2 18.3 18.4 18.5 Harry Potter and the Half-Blood Prince (Chapter 27, "The Lightning-Struck Tower")
  19. 19.0 19.1 Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows (Chapter 1, "The Dark Lord Ascending")
  20. 20.00 20.01 20.02 20.03 20.04 20.05 20.06 20.07 20.08 20.09 20.10 20.11 20.12 20.13 20.14 20.15 20.16 20.17 20.18 Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows (Chapter 4, "The Seven Potters")
  21. 21.0 21.1 21.2 21.3 21.4 21.5 21.6 Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows (Chapter 5, "Fallen Warrior")
  22. 22.0 22.1 22.2 22.3 22.4 22.5 22.6 22.7 22.8 22.9 Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows (Chapter 11, "The Bribe")
  23. 23.0 23.1 23.2 Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows (Chapter 14, "The Thief")
  24. 24.0 24.1 Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows (Chapter 17, "Bathilda's Secret")
  25. 25.00 25.01 25.02 25.03 25.04 25.05 25.06 25.07 25.08 25.09 25.10 Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows (Chapter 22, "The Deathly Hallows")
  26. 26.00 26.01 26.02 26.03 26.04 26.05 26.06 26.07 26.08 26.09 26.10 Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows (Chapter 23, "Malfoy Manor")
  27. 27.0 27.1 27.2 27.3 Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows (Chapter 24, "The Wandmaker")
  28. 28.0 28.1 28.2 28.3 28.4 Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows (Chapter 33, "The Prince's Tale")
  29. Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows (Chapter 34, "The Forest Again")
  30. 30.0 30.1 Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows (Chapter 32, "The Elder Wand")
  31. 31.0 31.1 31.2 31.3 31.4 31.5 31.6 31.7 31.8 31.9 Harry Potter and the Half-Blood Prince (Chapter 39, "The Phoenix Lament")
  32. 32.0 32.1 32.2 32.3 Harry Potter and the Philosopher's Stone
  33. 33.0 33.1 Harry Potter and the Half-Blood Prince (Chapter 23, "Horcruxes")
  34. 34.0 34.1 34.2 Harry Potter and the Chamber of Secrets
  35. 35.0 35.1 Harry Potter and the Prisoner of Azkaban
  36. Harry Potter and the Goblet of Fire (Chapter 33, "The Death Eaters")
  37. Harry Potter and the Goblet of Fire (Chapter 1, "The Riddle House")
  38. Harry Potter and the Goblet of Fire (Chapter 35, "Veritaserum")
  39. Harry Potter and the Goblet of Fire (Chapter 30, "The Pensieve")
  40. Harry Potter and the Goblet of Fire (Chapter 36, "The Parting of the Ways")
  41. Harry Potter and the Goblet of Fire (Chapter 34, "Priori Incantatem")
  42. 42.0 42.1 42.2 42.3 42.4 Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows (Chapter 12, "Magic Is Might")
  43. 43.0 43.1 43.2 Harry Potter and the Half-Blood Prince (Chapter 28, "Flight of the Prince")
  44. 44.0 44.1 Harry Potter and the Half-Blood Prince (Chapter 25, "The Seer Overheard")
  45. 45.0 45.1 Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows (Chapter 13, "The Muggle-Born Registration Committee)
  46. Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows (Chapter 20, "Xenophilius Lovegood")
  47. 47.0 47.1 Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows (Chapter 8, "The Wedding)
  48. 48.0 48.1 Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows (Chapter 9, "A Place to Hide")
  49. Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows (Chapter 10, "Kreacher's Tale")
  50. Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows (Chapter 16, "Godric's Hollow")
  51. Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows (Chapter 18, "The Life and Lies of Albus Dumbledore")
  52. 52.0 52.1 Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows (Chapter 19, "The Silver Doe")
  53. 53.0 53.1 53.2 Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows (Chapter 21, "The Tale of the Three Brothers")
  54. Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows (Chapter 28, "The Missing Mirror")
  55. 55.0 55.1 55.2 Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows (Chapter 26, "Gringotts")
  56. 56.0 56.1 Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows (Chapter 27, "The Final Hiding Place")
  57. Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named DH35
  58. Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named DH37
  59. 59.0 59.1 59.2 "A transcript of a web chat with J.K. Rowling" from The Leaky Cauldron

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