"Almost any inanimate object can be turned into a Portkey. Once bewitched, the object will transport anyone who grasps it to a pre-arranged destination."

A Portkey is an object enchanted to instantly bring anyone touching it to a specific location. Most of the time, a Portkey is an everyday object that would not draw the attention of a Muggle. Travelling by Portkey is said to feel like having a hook "somewhere behind the navel" pulling the traveller to their location.

The sensation of travelling by Portkey is universally agreed to be uncomfortable, if not downright unpleasant, and can lead to nausea, giddiness, and worse.[1]

Usage and properties

Wizards who cannot Apparate (dematerialise and reappear at will), who wish to travel by daylight (meaning that broomsticks, Thestrals, flying cars and dragons are inappropriate), or whose destination has no fireplace (rendering Floo powder useless) will have to resort to the use of a Portkey.[2]

Almost any inanimate object can be turned into a Portkey. Once bewitched, the object will transport anyone who grasps it to a pre-arranged destination. A Portkey may also be enchanted to transport the grasper (or graspers) only at a given time. In this way, the arrivals and departures of great numbers of witches and wizards can be staggered, enabling such events such as the Quidditch World Cup to take place with few security breaches.[2]

When secrecy is paramount, and mass movement is planned, the chosen Portkey will be a nondescript object secreted in an out-of-the-way place, so that it will be taken for a piece of unimportant debris by Muggle passers-by. Accidents have occurred, however; two Muggle dog-walkers found themselves accidentally transported to a Celestina Warbeck concert in 2003, because their dogs had run off with an old trainer on Clapham Common (leaving an anguished crowd of witches and wizards to look frantically for their Portkey on a stretch of empty grass, hopefully seizing old crisp packets and cigarette ends). One of the Muggle dog-walkers was even invited on stage by Celestina to perform a duet of A Cauldron Full of Hot, Strong Love. While the Memory Charm placed upon him by a harried Ministry official seemed to take at the time, he has since written a popular Muggle song that bears an uncanny resemblance to Celestina's worldwide hit (Ms. Warbeck is not amused).[1]

Before the creation of the Hogwarts Express, Portkeys were used as a means of transportation to not draw the attention of Muggles. Eventually another method was sought, because the majority of students would either not find the item that was their Portkey or not arrive in time to take the Portkey. Many students were 'Portkey-sick' and the Hospital Wing was filled with students for the first few days of term, while they got over their nausea and distress.

The sensation of travelling by Portkey is universally agreed to be uncomfortable, if not downright unpleasant, and can lead to nausea, giddiness and worse. Healers recommend that the elderly, pregnant and infirm avoid using Portkeys. The suggestion of arranging Portkeys for the transportation of annoying relatives has saved many a wizarding family Christmas.[1]

Types of Portkeys

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Hermione Granger, Harry Potter, Ron Weasley, and others land after being transported from Ottery St Catchpole to Quidditch World Cup

Some Portkeys are preset to travel to their destinations at a specific time. Examples include the Portkeys that transported wizards to the Quidditch World Cup in 1994, and the ones that transported members of the Order of the Phoenix from the different Order safehouses to the Burrow, after the Battle of the Seven Potters in 1997. Other Portkeys are triggered immediately by a person's touch; examples include the Triwizard Cup, which transported Harry Potter and Cedric Diggory to Little Hangleton, and the broken statue head that sent Harry Potter back to Hogwarts after the Battle of the Department of Mysteries. It is unknown how one affects the difference between the two types of Portkeys.

Both types of Portkey travel to the destination along with their users. With touch-activated Portkeys, touching it again might transport the users back to their original location, as was the case with the Triwizard Cup. Time-activated ones can be handled before and after their assigned moment of use without effect.

Creating unauthorised Portkeys

According to Remus Lupin, the creation of unauthorised Portkeys incurs some sort of punishment, and Cornelius Fudge was quite angry when Albus Dumbledore created one in front of him without permission.


While unauthorised Portkeys are banned, it is not clear to what extent the British Ministry of Magic can detect their creation of usage.

"[I]t’s more than our life’s worth to set up an unauthorised Portkey.”
This suggests the ministry either is notified when Portkeys are created, or else will know about them when an underage wizard one due to the Trace.
The latter case would create an exception to the the way the Trace typically operates, which is limited to only detecting magic performed around the underage wizard and the use of already-enchanted objects.

List of Portkeys

Date Portkey User(s) Starting point Destination Creator
1357 Broom Quidditch pitch Sahara Desert Unidentified Quidditch fan
16th century An old boot produced by the Book of Potions A Hogwarts student Potions Classroom Enchanted garden Zygmunt Budge
Late Summer 1899 Unknown Godric's Hollow Central Europe Bathilda Bagshot
25 August, 1994 An old boot

Portkey Boot

Stoatshead Hill 1994 Quidditch World Cup Unknown, presumably the Ministry of Magic
An old newspaper Unknown Unknown
A punctured football

An empty drink can

An old rubber tire 1994 Quidditch World Cup Stoatshead Hill
24 June, 1995

Triwizard Cup

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The cup being activated

Quidditch pitch, Hogwarts Little Hangleton graveyard Barty Crouch Jr
Little Hangleton graveyard Quidditch pitch, Hogwarts Possibly Albus Dumbledore
Late December, 1995 A blackened kettle Headmaster's office, Hogwarts 12 Grimmauld Place Albus Dumbledore
18 June, 1996 The head of a golden statue Ministry of Magic Headmaster's office, Hogwarts
27 July, 1997 A small, silver-backed hairbrush The Tonks' house The Burrow Unknown member of the Order of the Phoenix
A rusty oilcan None (intended for Ronald Weasley and Nymphadora Tonks) Muriel's
An ancient trainer None (intended for Arthur Weasley and Fred Weasley) Unknown house of a member of the Order of the Phoenix
A bent coathanger Kingsley's residence (possibly)


French porter, meaning "to carry", and English "key", in the sense of a secret of trick.[2]

Behind the scenes

  • According to W.O.M.B.A.T., in order for portkeys to be arranged between countries, the consent of both Nations's Ministries of Magic may be required.
  • Also on W.O.M.B.A.T., it is possible that releasing a Portkey before arriving at one's destination may result in serious injury or death.
  • It is unknown why the Death Eaters used the Vanishing Cabinet when they could have created a portkey to Hogwarts unless there is a specific spell that stops portkeys, however Albus Dumbledore made one from the Ministry so this is also a contradiction. However, it may be possible that only the Headmaster or Headmistress of the time can make a Portkey in and out of Hogwarts, especially as such has been established to be the case with Apparition. Of course, as the Ministry had finally accepted the fact that Voldemort has finally returned, and increased security at Hogwarts, preventing Portkeys from functioning within the school may had been one of the new defensive measures.
  • The incantation for creating a portkey is Portus.
  • On Pottermore, series author J. K. Rowling jokes that she has a real Portkey: the key to the city for La Porte, Indiana, which was given to her by MuggleNet founder Emerson Spartz.
  • In Harry Potter and the Goblet of Fire, when Harry grabbed the cup again in the graveyard, he was transported to the edge or entrance to the maze[3]. However, Harry should not have returned there, since the cup is supposed to transport the user back to where they started from. The cup should have taken Harry back to the centre of the maze.


Notes and references

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 Writing by J.K. Rowling: "Portkeys" at Pottermore
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 Pottermore
  3. Rowling, J. K. "Veritaserum." In Harry Potter and the Goblet of Fire, 671. 1st ed. New York: Arthur A. Levine Books, 2000.