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The Order of the Phoenix is a group of scumbag wizards that worked for Voldemort. It was led by Captain Jean Luc Picard of the USS enterprise!!!!
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{{FA}}
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{{Youmay|the secret society|the [[Harry Potter and the Order of the Phoenix|book]], [[Harry Potter and the Order of the Phoenix (film)|film]], [[Harry Potter and the Order of the Phoenix (video game)|video game]], or [[Harry Potter and the Order of the Phoenix (soundtrack)|soundtrack]]}}
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{{Organisation_infobox
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|name=Order of the Phoenix
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|image=[[File:L'Ordre_du_Phénix_Originale.jpg|250px]]
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|bgcolor1=BB6331
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|bgcolor2=DD8450
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|founder=[[Albus Dumbledore]]
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|founded=*c. [[1970s]] (original)
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*[[1995]] (second)
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|dissolved=*[[1981]] (original)
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*[[1998]] (second)
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|leader=*[[Albus Dumbledore]] (until 30th June 1997)
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*[[Alastor Moody]] (1st-24th July 1997)
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*[[Kingsley Shacklebolt]] (24 July 1997-2nd May 1998)
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|headquarters=*[[12 Grimmauld Place]]
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*[[The Burrow]]
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|intentions=To protect the wizarding and Muggle worlds from [[Tom Riddle|Lord Voldemort]] and his [[Death Eaters]]
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|affiliation=*[[British Ministry of Magic|Ministry of Magic]] (1970-July 1997)
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*[[Dumbledore's Army]]
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*[[Hogwarts School of Witchcraft and Wizardry]]
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|enemies=*[[Tom Riddle|Lord Voldemort]]
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*[[Death Eaters]]
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*[[British Ministry of Magic|Ministry of Magic]] (June 1995-June 1996) (August 1997-May 1998)
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*[[Snatchers]]
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}}
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{{Quote|It's a secret society. [[Albus Dumbledore|Dumbledore]]'s in charge, he founded it. It's the people who fought against [[Tom Riddle|You-Know-Who]] [[First Wizarding War|last time]].|[[Hermione Granger]] telling [[Harry Potter]] about the Order in [[1995]].|Harry Potter and the Order of the Phoenix}}
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The '''Order of the Phoenix''' was a secret society founded by [[Albus Dumbledore]] to oppose [[Tom Riddle|Lord Voldemort]] and his [[Death Eaters]]. The original Order was created sometime in [[1970]]s, after Voldemort returned to [[England]] from abroad and started his campaign to take over the [[British Ministry of Magic|Ministry of Magic]] and persecute [[Muggle-born]]s. The Order worked with the Ministry to oppose the Dark Lord and his followers, and played a crucial role in the [[First Wizarding War]]. Victory came in [[1981]] at the cost of many of their members.
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The Order disbanded, but was reconvened in [[1995]] after [[Harry Potter]] informed Dumbledore of Lord Voldemort's [[Return of the Dark Lord|return]]. The Ministry refused to admit that the Dark Lord had returned, thus the Order alone worked to protect Harry Potter and the [[Sybill Trelawney's first prophecy|prophecy]] concerning him and Voldemort in the [[Department of Mysteries]]. After a [[Battle of the Department of Mysteries|battle]] occurred there in [[1996]] between the Order and the Death Eaters, the Ministry admitted the truth. However, the [[1997|next year]] would see the Order [[Battle of the Astronomy Tower|losing their leader]] and the Ministry being conquered by Voldemort. The Order remained an underground resistance, trying to protect [[Muggle]]s and [[Potterwatch|broadcast]] the truth during the worst days of the [[Second Wizarding War]]. They answered the call to arms by [[Dumbledore's Army]] on [[2 May]], [[1998]], fighting Voldemort and his Death Eaters for the final time at [[Hogwarts School of Witchcraft and Wizardry]]. The [[Battle of Hogwarts]] ended with Voldemort's death and a decisive victory for the Order and their allies.
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==History==
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===Founding and First Wizarding War===
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[[File:Orderphoto.JPG|thumb|left|270px|A photograph of the original Order, including [[Peter Pettigrew]], [[James Potter I|James Potter]], [[Lily Evans]] and [[Remus Lupin]].]]
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====Origin====
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{{Dialogue a-b-a|Sirius|What was there to be gained by fighting the most evil wizard that ever existed? Only innocent lives, Peter!|Peter|You don’t understand! He would have killed me, Sirius!|THEN YOU SHOULD HAVE DIED! DIED RATHER THAN BETRAY YOUR FRIENDS, AS WE WOULD HAVE DONE FOR YOU!|[[Sirius Black]] confronting [[Peter Pettigrew]] in [[1994]]|Harry Potter and the Prisoner of Azkaban}}.
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The Order of the Phoenix was founded by [[Albus Dumbledore]] during [[Lord Voldemort]]'s [[First Wizarding War|first rise to power]] in the [[1970s]]. Dumbledore formed the Order to combat Voldemort's increasing threat and power. [[Auror]]s from the [[British Ministry of Magic|Ministry of Magic]] also joined the Order to participate in more secretive, sudden assaults aimed to crush the Dark Rebellion. Dumbledore created a method of communication among Order members by inventing a way to make [[Patronus Charm|Patronuses]] speak.
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Although the [[Death Eaters]] had been attacking mostly [[Muggle]]s and [[Muggle-born]]s to spread terror, they soon turned to attacking "[[blood traitor]]s" such as Order members as well. [[Fabian and Gideon Prewett]] were killed by a group of six Death Eaters led by [[Antonin Dolohov]]. [[Caradoc Dearborn]] disappeared, the [[Bones family]] was almost completely destroyed, [[Benjy Fenwick]] was brutally murdered, and [[Marlene McKinnon]] and her [[McKinnon family|family]] were killed by Death Eaters, including [[Travers]]. Even as the Order suffered great losses, they continued to fight, and four of their members — [[James Potter I|James]] and [[Lily Evans|Lily Potter]], and [[Frank Longbottom|Frank]] and [[Alice Longbottom]] — defied Voldemort himself three times.<ref name="OTP">''[[Harry Potter and the Order of the Phoenix]]''</ref>
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====The Prophecy====
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[[File:Lily eath.jpg|thumb|right|250px|[[Lily Evans|Lily Potter]] is murdered by [[Tom Riddle|Lord Voldemort]], one of [[Tom Riddle|Voldemort's]] biggest mistakes.]]
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{{Quote|The one with the power to vanquish the Dark Lord approaches... Born to those who have thrice defied him, born as the seventh month dies...and the Dark Lord will mark him as his equal, but he will have [[love|power the Dark Lord knows not]]...and either must die at the hand of the other for neither can live while the other survives....the one with the power to vanquish the Dark Lord will be born as the seventh month dies...|[[Sybill Trelawney's first prophecy]]|Harry Potter and the Order of the Phoenix}}
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This defiance made the two couples and their infant sons [[Harry Potter|Harry]] and [[Neville Longbottom|Neville]] targets of [[Sybill Trelawney's first prophecy|a prophecy concerning a person with the power to defeat the Dark Lord]]. Then Death Eater [[Severus Snape]] heard part of the prophecy and reported it to Voldemort, who believed it referred to Harry Potter. He decided to hunt down the [[Potter family|Potters]], choosing the half-blood Harry, like Voldemort himself, as opposed to the pure blood, Neville. The Potters, who were in hiding under the [[Fidelius Charm]], caused Snape to switch sides, since he had always been deeply in love with Lily Potter.<ref name="DH">''[[Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows]]''</ref>
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It was not enough to save them, however; the Potters' [[Secret-Keeper]] [[Peter Pettigrew]] betrayed them, and Voldemort came to their home in [[Godric's Hollow]] on [[31 October]], [[1981]]. He summarily killed James, but offered Lily a chance to live, as requested by [[Severus Snape]]. She refused, begging for her son's life, and Voldemort used the [[Killing Curse]] against her and then on Harry. Because Lily had willingly sacrificed herself out of [[love]] for her son, Harry was protected, and the curse backfired. Because Voldemort had made [[Horcrux]]es, he did not die, but he lost physical form. He also inadvertently made Harry himself a Horcrux, as a piece of his soul embedded itself into a [[Harry Potter's scars|scar]] on Harry's forehead.<ref name="DH" /> Pettigrew fled the scene and faked his own death by hiding in his [[Animagus]] form and cutting off his own finger, while killing many innocent muggles with one spell, thus [[Sirius Black]] was blamed for his crimes, and thrown into [[Azkaban]] without a trial<ref name="POA">''[[Harry Potter and the Prisoner of Azkaban]]''</ref>.
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====Disbandment====
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[[File:FirstwarDumbledore.JPG|thumb|200px|left|Dumbledore at [[Death Eater]] trials in [[1981]].]]
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The [[First Wizarding War]] ended with a victory for the Order and the Ministry, but the Death Eaters were still a danger. Four of them — the Lestrange brothers; [[Rabastan Lestrange|Rabastan]] and [[Rodolphus Lestrange|Rodolphus]], Rodolphus' wife [[Bellatrix Lestrange|Bellatrix]], and [[Bartemius Crouch Jr.|Barty Crouch Jr]] — attacked the [[Longbottom family|Longbottoms]] shortly after their master's defeat. Seeking information about their [[Tom Riddle|master's]] downfall, the Death Eaters drove [[Alice Longbottom|Alice]] and [[Frank Longbottom|Frank]] insane with the [[Cruciatus Curse]]. The Death Eaters and many of their comrades were caught and sentenced to [[Azkaban]], some of them turned in by [[Igor Karkaroff]], who was released in exchange for information. Others, such as [[Lucius Malfoy]], managed to avoid prison by claiming to have only served Voldemort under the [[Imperius Curse]], though Order members were sceptical of such claims.<ref name="GOF">''[[Harry Potter and the Goblet of Fire]]''</ref>
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[[Albus Dumbledore]] and [[Severus Snape]], who had turned spy for the Order "at great personal risk" prior to Voldemort's fall, suspected that Voldemort would return, and they determined that [[Harry Potter]] had to be protected.<ref name="DH" /> However, the war was over, and the Order was disbanded. The members were, for the most part, powerful witches and wizards with many other demands on their time, and, if the second incarnation of the Order is indicative, there may well have been internal pressures and uncertainties which, in the absence of a clear, external threat, would make it inadvisable to attempt to maintain the group.
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===The Order reconvenes===
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[[File:300px-Order of the Phoenix.jpg|thumb|right|280px|The Order's [[Advance Guard]].]]
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{{Quote|Time is short, and unless the few of us who know the truth stand united, there is no hope for any of us.|[[Albus Dumbledore]] after the return of [[Tom Riddle|Lord Voldemort]]|Harry Potter and the Goblet of Fire}}
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On [[24 June]], [[1995]], Lord Voldemort [[Return of the Dark Lord|returned to power]]. His servant [[Bartemius Crouch Jr.|Barty Crouch Jr]], disguised as [[Alastor Moody]], had manipulated the [[Goblet of Fire]] in order to ensure [[Harry Potter]] became a Champion of the [[Triwizard Tournament]]. When Harry and fellow Champion [[Cedric Diggory]] touched the [[Triwizard Cup]], not knowing that it had been made a [[Portkey]], they were transported to a graveyard in [[Little Hangleton]]. [[Peter Pettigrew]] killed Cedric and then performed a ritual to resurrect Voldemort, who then [[Dark Mark|summoned]] his [[Death Eaters]] to him. Harry managed to escape and inform [[Albus Dumbledore]] of the Dark Lord's return.<ref name="GOF" />
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Within an hour, the original Order members had been informed. Dumbledore sent [[Sirius Black]], who was still wanted by the [[British Ministry of Magic|Ministry]], in his [[Animagus]] form ([[Padfoot|a dog]]), to alert key members such as [[Arabella Figg]], [[Mundungus Fletcher]], and [[Remus Lupin]] to the new threat. Upon its reconstitution, the Order set up headquarters at [[12 Grimmauld Place]], [[London]] — Sirius's [[House of Black|family]] home. The house was protected with the [[Fidelius Charm]], with Dumbledore as [[Secret-Keeper]]. Members of the Order were assigned by Dumbledore to protect Harry Potter and for guard duty. Harry and his best friends [[Ronald Weasley|Ron Weasley]] and [[Hermione Granger]] also assisted the Order, though, being under-age, they were not official members.<ref name="OTP" />
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===Ministry relations===
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[[File:Dumbledore-DaftOrDangerous?.jpg|thumb|left|250px|A ''[[Daily Prophet]]'' article questioning Dumbledore's sanity for claiming Voldemort had returned.]]
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{{Dialogue a-b|Cornelius Fudge|If you're going to work against me . . .|Albus Dumbledore|The only one against whom I intend to work is Lord Voldemort. If you are against him, then we remain, Cornelius, on the same side.|[[Cornelius Fudge]] and [[Albus Dumbledore]]|Harry Potter and the Goblet of Fire}}
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Although Dumbledore and the original members of the Order accepted the return of Lord Voldemort, members of the [[British Ministry of Magic|Ministry of Magic]], including [[Minister for Magic]] [[Cornelius Fudge]], were not convinced. Fudge preferred to believe that Dumbledore was spreading rumours in an attempt to undercut his authority as Minister. Years earlier, there had been widespread support for Dumbledore to take the position, although he declined, choosing instead to remain at [[Hogwarts School of Witchcraft and Wizardry|Hogwarts]]. In his early years as Minister, Fudge was constantly bombarding Dumbledore, frantically seeking advice. These actions sowed the seeds of paranoia in Fudge, as he feared Dumbledore would usurp his power. He also accused Dumbledore of "going senile in his old years", and declared that he was clearly mistaken about Voldemort's return.<ref name="GOF" /> However, some [[Auror]]s in the Ministry, such as [[Kingsley Shacklebolt]] and [[Nymphadora Tonks]], came to believe Dumbledore and joined the Order in secret.<ref name="OTP" />
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{{Main|Campaign to discredit Albus Dumbledore and Harry Potter}}
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Under the Ministry's influence, the ''[[Daily Prophet]]'' portrayed Dumbledore and Harry as either liars or nutters, and thus many members of the wizarding public did not believe in Voldemort's return either. The Order was forced to exist underground and certain members were unable to even greet one another in public, for fear of exposing their allegiances. Voldemort and his Death Eaters took advantage of the Ministry's folly, conducting their business in secret for a year. Among their goals was to obtain a record of the [[Sybill Trelawney's first prophecy|prophecy concerning Voldemort and Harry]], which was kept in the [[Department of Mysteries]]. The Order kept guard on the area, but were hampered by the Ministry's lack of cooperation.
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[[File:Tonksbattle.jpg|thumb|right|280px|[[Nymphadora Tonks]] in the [[Department of Mysteries]].]]
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{{Dialogue a-b|Dumbledore|It was foolish to come here tonight, Tom. The [[Auror]]s are on their way-|Voldemort|By which time I shall be gone, and you shall be dead!|[[Albus Dumbledore]] and [[Tom Riddle|Lord Voldemort]] face off|Harry Potter and the Order of the Phoenix}}
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Voldemort eventually managed to lure Harry there, along with five members of [[Dumbledore's Army]], an organisation Harry, Hermione, and Ron founded at Hogwarts in response to Ministry employee [[Dolores Umbridge]] refusing to teach students practical [[Defence Against the Dark Arts]]. The group of teenagers were ambushed by twelve [[Death Eaters]]. The Order became aware of this through [[Severus Snape]], and [[Sirius Black]], [[Remus Lupin]], [[Nymphadora Tonks]], [[Alastor Moody]], and [[Kingsley Shacklebolt]] raced to the Ministry to [[Battle of the Department of Mysteries|battle]] the Death Eaters. They managed to save the students, and the prophecy was destroyed, but Sirius was killed by his cousin, [[Bellatrix Lestrange]]. [[Albus Dumbledore]] helped round up the other Death Eaters, summoned the Aurors, and then [[Duel in the Ministry Atrium|duelled]] Voldemort in defence of Harry. All of the Order members that participated in the battle were wounded, with exception of Remus Lupin and Albus Dumbledore. In addition, all Dumbledore's Army members were injured except for Harry. <ref name="OTP" />
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Several Ministry personnel, including Minister Fudge, entered the Ministry Atrium at the end of this duel, thus seeing Voldemort for themselves. Voldemort [[Apparition|Disapparated]] with Bellatrix, but Fudge was forced to admit that Dumbledore and [[Harry Potter]] had been right.<ref name="OTP" /> He was soon replaced by [[Rufus Scrimgeour]] as Minister for Magic.<ref name="HBP">''[[Harry Potter and the Half-Blood Prince]]''</ref>
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===Second Wizarding War===
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====Guarding Hogwarts====
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[[File:Dark Mark Over Hogwarts.JPG|thumb|left|250px|The [[Dark Mark]] over Hogwarts during the [[Battle of the Astronomy Tower]].]]
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{{Quote|Dumbledore's man through and through, aren't you, Potter?|[[Rufus Scrimgeour]] to [[Harry Potter]]|Harry Potter and the Half-Blood Prince}}
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The battle marked the official beginning of the [[Second Wizarding War]]. Although Scrimgeour was a more proactive Minister than Fudge had been, he proved to be suspicious of the Order and of Dumbledore as well. He tried to convince [[Harry Potter]] to ally himself with the Ministry to boost public morale, but Harry was disgusted by Scrimgeour's high-handed methods and declared his loyalty to Dumbledore and the Order. Over the course of the school year, Dumbledore taught Harry about [[Tom Riddle|Voldemort]]'s past and of the existence of his [[Horcrux]]es.
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In the meantime, the Order kept watch at Hogwarts. However, [[Draco Malfoy]] managed to use a [[Vanishing Cabinet]] to get Death Eaters into the school, and the [[Battle of the Astronomy Tower]] ensued. Dumbledore was cornered by Malfoy, but the boy lowered his wand, and [[Severus Snape]] stepped in to kill Dumbledore. Not knowing that this was a plan Dumbledore and Snape had conceived earlier, nor of the headmaster's medical condition due to the [[Curse on Marvolo Gaunt's ring|curse]], the Order believed that they had been betrayed.<ref name="HBP" />
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====Fall of the Ministry of Magic====
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[[File:Kingley's_Patronus.jpg|thumb|Kingsley's Patronus warns the Order of the Ministry's downfall]]Now under the leadership of [[Alastor Moody]], the Order's next goal was to remove Harry from his [[Dursley family|relatives]]' [[4 Privet Drive|home]] before the protection offered by his mother's blood expired on his seventeenth [[31 July|birthday]]. Unfortunately, a number of the simpler solutions to the situation, such as [[Floo Powder]] or [[Apparition]] were unavailable due to monitoring by the Ministry, which was being infiltrated by the Death Eaters, and Harry, as an under-age wizard, still had [[The Trace|the trace]] on him. The Order also assigned two of its members, [[Dedalus Diggle]] and [[Hestia Jones]], to take Harry's [[Dursley family|relatives]] into hiding so that they could not be targeted by Death Eaters. Thus, the Order had to fly him out, using six decoys disguised as Harry with [[Polyjuice Potion]]. Despite being [[Battle of the Seven Potters|ambushed]] by over thirty Death Eaters and Voldemort himself, the Order managed to get Harry to safety at [[the Burrow]], their next headquarters since Snape knew of 12 Grimmauld Place. Sadly, Moody and Harry's owl, [[Hedwig]], were killed in the fray.
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Five days later, on [[1 August]], [[1997]], the Death Eaters [[Fall of the Ministry of Magic|seized control]] of the Ministry. Scrimgeour was murdered and [[Pius Thicknesse]], who [[Yaxley]] had under the [[Imperius Curse]], was installed as Voldemort's puppet [[Minister for Magic]]. [[Kingsley Shacklebolt]] managed to warn the Order of the coup by sending his [[Patronus Charms|Patronus]] to the Burrow, where Bill and Fleur's reception was being held. Various Order members were interrogated, but none were killed. In the meantime, Harry had vanished along with [[Hermione Granger]] and [[Ronald Weasley|Ron Weasley]]. The three sought to find and destroy Voldemort's [[Horcrux]]es, a concept and mission of which the rest of the Order had not been informed.<ref name="DH" />
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====Resistance====
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[[File:OrderAtPrivetDrive.jpg|thumb|Several members of the second Order]]
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{{Dialogue a-b|River (Lee Jordan)|And what would you say, Royal, to those listeners who reply that in these dangerous times, it should be "wizards first"?|Royal (Kingsley Shacklebolt)|I'd say that it's one short step from "wizards first" to "pure-bloods first", and then to "Death Eaters." We're all human, aren't we? Every human life is worth the same, and worth saving.|Order members on ''[[Potterwatch]]'' in [[1998]]|Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows}}
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[[File:Podcast_radio_icon_BIG.jpg|thumb|left|[[Potterwatch]]]]
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While Voldemort controlled the Ministry, the Order members were fugitives. The [[Weasley family|Weasleys]] were kept under surveillance and the [[Taboo|Taboo curse]] was placed upon Voldemort's name, since only enemies of the Dark Lord were willing to speak it aloud. Kingsley was nearly caught after saying the name, but managed to fight off the Death Eaters that attacked him and went on the run. The Weasleys were also forced into hiding, after it was discovered that Ron was travelling with Harry, "Undesirable Number One," in the spring of [[1998]].
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The Order led the underground resistance, participating in the radio programme ''[[Potterwatch]]'', which broadcast the truth while the ''[[Daily Prophet]]'' and other news outlets were controlled by the Ministry. The Order encouraged people to do as they were doing — protect innocent [[Muggle]]s from being harmed for the amusement of Death Eaters, and [[Muggle-born]]s who were being persecuted by the Ministry's new [[Muggle-Born Registration Commission]].
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[[File:78343_gal-2.jpg|thumb|left|275px|The Order of the Phoenix and [[Dumbledore's Army|Dumbledore's Army]] members in the [[Great Hall]]]]
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====Battle of Hogwarts====
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{{Quote|We've only got half an hour until midnight, so we need to act fast. A battle plan has been agreed between the teachers of Hogwarts and the Order of the Phoenix... All right, leaders up here and we'll divide up the troops!|[[Kingsley Shacklebolt]] before the [[Battle of Hogwarts]]|Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows}}
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On [[2 May]], [[1998]], the Order received the call to arms from [[Neville Longbottom]], who was left leading [[Dumbledore's Army]] at the Death Eater-controlled [[Hogwarts School of Witchcraft and Wizardry|Hogwarts]]. With the D.A., the Order of the Phoenix took a final stand against Voldemort and his army. They formulated the battle plan with the professors of Hogwarts, who led fighters to the three highest towers, while Kingsley, [[Remus Lupin]], and [[Arthur Weasley]] led troops to the school grounds, and [[Fred and George Weasley]] organised the defence of the entrances and passageways into the school.
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The [[Battle of Hogwarts]] resulted in Order members [[Remus Lupin]], [[Nymphadora Tonks]], [[Severus Snape]] and [[Fred Weasley]] losing their lives, but they triumphed over the [[Death Eaters]], and Voldemort himself was defeated by [[Harry Potter]]. Tonks was killed by [[Bellatrix Lestrange]], Remus perished at the hands of [[Antonin Dolohov]] and Snape was fatally bitten by [[Nagini]] on Voldemort's orders
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==Members of the Order of the Phoenix==
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{{Quote|[[Hermione Granger|Mudblood]]s and [[Remus Lupin|werewolves]] and [[Weasley family|traitors]] and [[Mundungus Fletcher|thieves]]...|[[Kreacher]] insulting various Order members; 'Mudbloods' refers to Hermione Granger, 'werewolves' to Remus Lupin, 'traitors' to the Weasleys, and 'thieves' to Mundungus Fletcher.|Harry Potter and the Order of the Phoenix}}
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<imagemap>
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File:OotP.jpg|center|650px|thumb|Members of the Original Order of the Phoenix pose for a photo in 1981. (''clicking on a person will link to the respective article'').
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</imagemap>
  +
  +
<br />
  +
  +
<center>'''Leaders'''</center>
  +
<gallery orientation="portrait" position="center" spacing="small" widths="65" captionalign="center" captionsize="small" bordercolor="#000000">
  +
ordermembers.JPG|[[Albus Dumbledore]] (founder)
  +
Alastor Moody Profile.JPG|[[Alastor Moody]]
  +
kingsley-shacklebolt-1.jpg|[[Kingsley Shacklebolt]]
  +
</gallery>
  +
  +
<center>'''Members'''</center>
  +
<gallery orientation="portrait" position="center" spacing="small" widths="65" captionalign="center" captionsize="small" bordercolor="#000000">
  +
AberforthInfobox.jpg|[[Aberforth Dumbledore]]|link=Aberforth Dumbledore
  +
Alice1.jpg|[[Alice Longbottom]]
  +
mrsfiggy.jpg|[[Arabella Figg]]
  +
jefee.jpg|[[Arthur Weasley]]
  +
B303025b36eb92e5766b5f372ed84c35.jpg|[[William Weasley|Bill Weasley]]
  +
Charlie1.jpg|[[Charles Weasley|Charlie Weasley]]
  +
deda.JPG|[[Dedalus Diggle]]
  +
Dorcas Meadowes.jpg|[[Dorcas Meadowes]]
  +
Elpiass.jpg|[[Elphias Doge]]
  +
ememain.jpg|[[Emmeline Vance]]
  +
G f prewett.JPG|[[Fabian and Gideon Prewett]]
  +
FleurDH.jpg|[[Fleur Delacour]]
  +
Frank1.jpg|[[Frank Longbottom]]
  +
Fredo.jpg|[[Fred Weasley]]
  +
gero.jpg|[[George Weasley]]
  +
Profile2.jpg|[[Harry Potter]]
  +
Hermionedhface.jpg|[[Hermione Granger]]
  +
James 1998.jpg|[[James Potter I|James Potter]]
  +
Lily DHP2.jpg|[[Lily Evans]]
  +
Marlene McKinnon.PNG|[[Marlene McKinnon]]
  +
minervamcgonagall19998.jpg|[[Minerva McGonagall]]
  +
mollypage.jpg|[[Molly Weasley]]
  +
Mundungas.png|[[Mundungus Fletcher]]
  +
Nymphadora Tonks.jpg|[[Nymphadora Tonks]]
  +
Olumpemaxime.jpg|[[Olympe Maxime]]
  +
Remus Lupin.jpg|[[Remus Lupin]]
  +
Rondhface.jpg|[[Ronald Weasley]]
  +
hags.JPG|[[Rubeus Hagrid]]
  +
Severus Snape.jpg|[[Severus Snape]]
  +
Sirius Black Profile.JPG|[[Sirius Black]]
  +
</gallery>
  +
  +
<center>'''Traitors'''</center>
  +
<gallery orientation="portrait" position="center" spacing="small" widths="70" captionalign="center" captionsize="small" bordercolor="#000000">
  +
Peter Pettigrew.jpg|[[Peter Pettigrew]]
  +
Kreacher mod.PNG|Kreacher (unknowingly)|link=http://harrypotter.wikia.com/wiki/Kreacher
  +
</gallery>
  +
  +
{|class="wikitable" border="1" width="100%"
  +
|-bgcolor="#cccccc"
  +
!align="center"|Name
  +
!align="center"|Membership
  +
!align="center"|Notes
  +
|-
  +
|[[Albus Dumbledore]]
  +
|First Order, Second Order
  +
|Founder and leader of the Order. Fought in the [[First Wizarding War]] and the [[Battle of the Department of Mysteries]] in [[1996]]; told [[Harry Potter]] of the existence of Voldemort's [[Horcrux]]es and destroyed [[Marvolo Gaunt's Ring|one]]; arranged his own death with [[Severus Snape]] in [[1997]].
  +
|-
  +
|[[Alastor Moody]]
  +
|First Order, Second Order
  +
|Fought in the [[First Wizarding War]], the [[Battle of the Department of Mysteries]] in [[1996]] and was killed during the [[Battle of the Seven Potters]] in [[1997]].
  +
|-
  +
|[[Kingsley Shacklebolt]]
  +
|Second Order
  +
|Fought in the [[Battle of the Department of Mysteries]] in [[1996]] and the [[Battle of the Seven Potters]] in [[1997]]; led the Order during the [[Battle of Hogwarts]] in [[1998]].
  +
|-
  +
|[[Aberforth Dumbledore]]
  +
|First Order, Second Order
  +
|Younger brother of the Order's founder and leader. Assisted [[Dumbledore's Army]] in [[1997]]-[[1998]] by passing food and supplies into the [[Room of Requirement]]. Assisted [[Harry Potter]], [[Hermione Granger]], and [[Ronald Weasley|Ron Weasley]] in [[Malfoy Manor]] by sending [[Dobby]] to [[Battle of Malfoy Manor|rescue]] them, and later by hiding them in the [[Hog's Head]] when Death Eaters were watching [[Hogsmeade]]. Fought in (and, in the film, led) the [[Battle of Hogwarts]] in [[1998]].
  +
|-
  +
|[[Alice Longbottom]]
  +
|First Order
  +
|Fought in the [[First Wizarding War]]; tortured into insanity using the [[Cruciatus Curse]] by [[Bartemius Crouch Jr.|Barty Crouch Jr.]], [[Rodolphus Lestrange|Rodolphus]], [[Rabastan Lestrange|Rabastan]] and [[Bellatrix Lestrange]] at the end of the conflict.
  +
|-
  +
|[[Arabella Figg]]
  +
|First Order, Second Order
  +
|Assigned to watch over [[Harry Potter]] throughout his life in Little Whinging; is a [[Squib]].
  +
|-
  +
|[[Benjy Fenwick]]
  +
|First Order
  +
|Killed and mutilated during the [[First Wizarding War]].
  +
|-
  +
|[[Caradoc Dearborn]]
  +
|First Order
  +
|Disappeared during the height of the [[First Wizarding War]]; his body was never found, but he was presumed killed.
  +
|-
  +
|[[Dedalus Diggle]]
  +
|First Order, Second Order
  +
|Member of the [[Advance Guard]] in [[1995]]; one of two Order members assigned to evacuate the [[Dursley family|Dursleys]] in [[1997]].
  +
|-
  +
|[[Dorcas Meadowes]]
  +
|First Order
  +
|Killed in the [[First Wizarding War]].
  +
|-
  +
|[[Edgar Bones]]
  +
|First Order
  +
|Killed by [[Death Eaters]] during the [[First Wizarding War]] along with his [[Edgar Bones' wife|wife]] and [[Edgar Bones' children|children]]. Hagrid considered the [[Bones family]] to be among the best witches and wizards of the age.
  +
|-
  +
|[[Elphias Doge]]
  +
|First Order, Second Order
  +
|Part of the [[Advance Guard]] in [[1995]]; appears to have helped shadow Harry in the years before Harry started Hogwarts.
  +
|-
  +
|[[Emmeline Vance]]
  +
|First Order, Second Order
  +
|Member of the [[Advance Guard]] in [[1995]]; killed by [[Death Eaters]] in [[1996]].
  +
|-
  +
|[[Fabian Prewett]]
  +
|First Order
  +
|Fought and killed in the [[First Wizarding War]] by five [[Death Eaters]], including [[Antonin Dolohov]].
  +
|-
  +
|[[Frank Longbottom]]
  +
|First Order
  +
|Fought in the [[First Wizarding War]]; tortured into insanity using the [[Cruciatus Curse]] by [[Bartemius Crouch Jr.|Barty Crouch Jr.]], [[Rodolphus Lestrange|Rodolphus]], [[Rabastan Lestrange|Rabastan]] and [[Bellatrix Lestrange]] at the end of the conflict.
  +
|-
  +
|[[Gideon Prewett]]
  +
|First Order
  +
|Fought and killed in the [[First Wizarding War]] by five [[Death Eaters]], including [[Antonin Dolohov]].
  +
|-
  +
|[[James Potter I|James Potter]]
  +
|First Order
  +
|Fought in the [[First Wizarding War]]; murdered by [[Tom Riddle|Lord Voldemort]] in [[Godric's Hollow]] in [[1981]].
  +
|-
  +
|[[Lily Evans|Lily Potter]]
  +
|First Order
  +
|Fought in the [[First Wizarding War]]; murdered by [[Tom Riddle|Lord Voldemort]] in [[Godric's Hollow]] in [[1981]].
  +
|-
  +
|[[Marlene McKinnon]]
  +
|First Order
  +
|Killed along with her [[McKinnon family|family]] in the [[First Wizarding War]] by Death Eaters, including [[Travers]].
  +
|-
  +
|[[Minerva McGonagall]]
  +
|First Order, Second Order
  +
|Fought in the [[Battle of the Astronomy Tower]] in [[1997]] and the [[Battle of Hogwarts]] in [[1998]].
  +
|-
  +
|[[Mundungus Fletcher]]
  +
|First Order, Second Order
  +
|Assigned to watch over [[Harry Potter]] in [[1995]]. Participated in the [[Battle of the Seven Potters]], but fled as soon as [[Tom Riddle|Voldemort]] attacked him and [[Alastor Moody]]. Later, under duress, assisted Harry, Hermione, and Ron in locating [[Salazar Slytherin's Locket]].
  +
|-
  +
|[[Peter Pettigrew]]
  +
|First Order
  +
|Defected and joined [[Death Eaters]]; betrayed the [[Potter family|Potters]] to [[Tom Riddle|Lord Voldemort]]. Killed by his own [[Peter Pettigrew's silver hand|silver hand]] after hesitating to kill Harry.
  +
|-
  +
|[[Remus Lupin]]
  +
|First Order, Second Order
  +
|Participated in both the [[First Wizarding War|First]] and [[Second Wizarding War]]s. Fought in the [[Battle of the Department of Mysteries]] in [[1996]], the [[Battle of the Astronomy Tower]] and [[Battle of the Seven Potters]] in [[1997]], and was killed during the [[Battle of Hogwarts]] in [[1998]] by [[Antonin Dolohov]]. He was a werewolf.
  +
|-
  +
|[[Rubeus Hagrid]]
  +
|First Order, Second Order
  +
|Fought in the [[Battle of the Astronomy Tower]] and the [[Battle of the Seven Potters]] in [[1997]], and the [[Battle of Hogwarts]] in [[1998]]. Half giant.
  +
|-
  +
|[[Severus Snape]]
  +
|First Order, Second Order
  +
|Defected from [[Death Eaters]] before the end of the [[First Wizarding War]], due to feelings for [[Lily Evans]]; spy during the [[Second Wizarding War]]; killed during the [[Battle of Hogwarts]] by [[Tom Riddle|Voldemort]].
  +
|-
  +
|[[Sirius Black]]
  +
|First Order, Second Order
  +
|Fought in both the [[First Wizarding War|First]] and [[Second Wizarding War]]s. Let the Order use his [[12 Grimmauld Place|family home]] as its headquarters. Killed by his cousin [[Bellatrix Lestrange]] during the [[Battle of the Department of Mysteries]] in [[1996]]. Was in Azkaban for supposedly murdering Peter Pettigrew, broke out in 1993.
  +
|-
  +
|[[Sturgis Podmore]]
  +
|First Order, Second Order
  +
|Arrested in [[1996]] attempting to break into the [[Department of Mysteries]] under the [[Imperius Curse]]. Member of the [[Advance Guard]] in [[1995]].
  +
|-
  +
|[[Arthur Weasley]]
  +
|Second Order
  +
|Fought in the [[Battle of the Seven Potters]] in [[1997]] and the [[Battle of Hogwarts]] in [[1998]].
  +
|-
  +
|[[William Weasley|Bill Weasley]]
  +
|Second Order
  +
|Fought in the [[Battle of the Astronomy Tower]] and the [[Battle of the Seven Potters]] in [[1997]], and the [[Battle of Hogwarts]] in [[1998]].
  +
|-
  +
|[[Charles Weasley|Charlie Weasley]]
  +
|Second Order
  +
|Assigned to recruit foreign wizards; led reinforcements to the [[Battle of Hogwarts]] in [[1998]].
  +
|-
  +
|[[Fleur Delacour]]
  +
|Assumed member<ref name="AM">An individual is an assumed member, rather than an ally, when he or she actively participated in an Order of the Phoenix operation, rather than assisting the Order more indirectly or as part of another organisation.</ref>, Second Order
  +
|Fought in the [[Battle of the Seven Potters]] in [[1997]] and the [[Battle of Hogwarts]] in [[1998]].
  +
|-
  +
|[[Fred Weasley]]
  +
|Assumed member<ref name="AM" />, Second Order
  +
|Fought in the [[Battle of the Seven Potters]] in [[1997]] and the [[Battle of Hogwarts]] in [[1998]], killed by an explosion during the battle.
  +
|-
  +
|[[George Weasley]]
  +
|Assumed member<ref name="AM" />, Second Order
  +
|Fought in the [[Battle of the Seven Potters]] in [[1997]], during which he lost his left ear, and the [[Battle of Hogwarts]] in [[1998]].
  +
|-
  +
|[[Harry Potter]]
  +
|Assumed member<ref name="AM" />, Second Order
  +
|Fought in the [[Battle of the Department of Mysteries]] in [[1996]], the [[Battle of the Seven Potters]] in [[1997]] and defeated [[Tom Riddle|Lord Voldemort]] for good during the [[Battle of Hogwarts]] in [[1998]]. Also helped render Voldemort mortal (and vulnerable) by finding his [[Horcrux]]es, along with [[Ronald Weasley|Ron Weasley]] and [[Hermione Granger]], and destroyed [[Tom Riddle's Diary]].
  +
|-
  +
|[[Hermione Granger]]
  +
|Assumed member<ref name="AM" />, Second Order
  +
|Fought in the [[Battle of the Department of Mysteries]] in [[1996]], the [[Battle of the Seven Potters]] in [[1997]], and the [[Battle of Hogwarts]] in [[1998]]. Accompanied [[Harry Potter]] and [[Ronald Weasley|Ron Weasley]] on the hunt for Voldemort's [[Horcrux]]es and destroyed [[Helga Hufflepuff's Cup]].
  +
|-
  +
|[[Hestia Jones]]
  +
|Second Order
  +
|Member of the [[Advance Guard]] in [[1995]]; one of the two Order members assigned to evacuate the [[Dursley family|Dursleys]] in [[1997]].
  +
|-
  +
|[[Molly Weasley]]
  +
|Second Order
  +
|Fought in the [[Battle of Hogwarts]] in [[1998]] and killed [[Bellatrix Lestrange]], partly in retribution for multiple personal losses.
  +
|-
  +
|[[Nymphadora Tonks]]
  +
|Second Order
  +
|Fought in the [[Battle of the Department of Mysteries]] in [[1996]], the [[Battle of the Astronomy Tower]] and the [[Battle of the Seven Potters]] in [[1997]], and killed during the [[Battle of Hogwarts]] in [[1998]] by [[Bellatrix Lestrange]].
  +
|-
  +
|[[Olympe Maxime]]
  +
|Assumed member<ref name="AM" />, Second Order
  +
|Helped [[Rubeus Hagrid|Hagrid]] to try to win the [[Giants]] over to the Order's side.
  +
|-
  +
|[[Ronald Weasley|Ron Weasley]]
  +
|Assumed member<ref name="AM" />, Second Order
  +
|Fought in the [[Battle of the Department of Mysteries]] in [[1996]], [[Battle of the Seven Potters]] in [[1997]] and the [[Battle of Hogwarts]] in [[1998]]. Accompanied [[Harry Potter]] and [[Hermione Granger]] on the hunt for Voldemort's [[Horcrux]]es, and destroyed [[Salazar Slytherin's Locket]].
  +
|}
  +
  +
==Allies of the Order of the Phoenix==
  +
During the [[First Wizarding War]], the Order was allied with the [[British Ministry of Magic|Ministry of Magic]]. During the [[Second Wizarding War]], however, the Ministry was at times sceptical of [[Tom Riddle|Lord Voldemort]]'s return, and later [[Fall of the Ministry of Magic|taken over]] by Voldemort's followers. The Order was allied with [[Dumbledore's Army]], as well as various individuals, during that conflict.
  +
  +
<gallery orientation="portrait" position="center" spacing="small" widths="65" captionalign="center" captionsize="small" bordercolor="#000000">
  +
Andromeda Black Family Tree.jpg|[[Andromeda Tonks]]
  +
Snapshot-2010-02-18-17h16m20s24.jpg|[[Augusta Longbottom]]
  +
DobbyDH.png|[[Dobby]]
  +
Professorwizard2.jpg|[[Filius Flitwick]]
  +
Promos GinaWeasley hp6.jpg|[[Ginevra Weasley|Ginny Weasley]]
  +
34272-26957.gif|[[Grawp]]
  +
Sluggy2-1.jpg|[[Horace Slughorn]]
  +
006pa8xx.jpg|[[Kreacher]]
  +
LeeJordan.jpg|[[Lee Jordan]]
  +
Lunathogwarts.jpg|[[Luna Lovegood]]
  +
Tumblr laprunzs6E1qc3fxzo1 1280.jpg|[[Muriel]]
  +
400px-Nevootp.jpg|[[Neville Longbottom]]
  +
Oliver WoodDH2.jpg|[[Oliver Wood]]
  +
Maxime.jpg|[[Olympe Maxime]]
  +
PeevesJKR.jpg|[[Peeves]]
  +
Percy WeasleyDH2.jpg|[[Percy Weasley]]
  +
Professor Sprout.jpg|[[Pomona Sprout]]
  +
House-elf, Winky (Concept Artwork for the HP4 film).jpg|[[Winky]]
  +
Unidentified teacher in slug party.jpg|Female Teacher|link=Unidentified female Hogwarts teacher
  +
1270889509174 f.jpg|[[Sybill Trelawney]]
  +
Dumbledore's Army.jpg|[[Dumbledore's Army]]
  +
</gallery>
  +
  +
{|class="wikitable" border="1" width="100%"
  +
|-bgcolor="#cccccc"
  +
!align="center"|Name
  +
!align="center"|Association
  +
!align="center"|Notes
  +
|-
  +
|[[Andromeda Tonks]]
  +
|Second Order
  +
|Allowed the Order to use her family's [[Tonks house|home]] as a safe house in [[1997]]. Healed [[Rubeus Hagrid]]'s injuries after the [[Battle of the Seven Potters]]. Tortured by Death Eaters for information, but survived. Sister of [[Bellatrix Lestrange]] and [[Narcissa Malfoy]]. Mother of [[Nymphadora Tonks]].
  +
|-
  +
|[[Augusta Longbottom]]
  +
|Second Order
  +
|Fought in the [[Battle of Hogwarts]] in [[1998]]. Grandmother of [[Neville Longbottom]].
  +
|-
  +
|[[Dobby]]
  +
|Second Order
  +
|Rescued [[Harry Potter]], [[Ronald Weasley|Ron Weasley]], [[Hermione Granger]], [[Luna Lovegood]], [[Dean Thomas]], [[Griphook]], and [[Garrick Ollivander]] from [[Malfoy Manor]]; killed [[Battle of Malfoy Manor|in action]] by [[Bellatrix Lestrange]].
  +
|-
  +
|[[Filius Flitwick]]
  +
|Second Order
  +
|Fought in the [[Battle of Hogwarts]] in [[1998]].
  +
|-
  +
|[[Ginevra Weasley|Ginny Weasley]]
  +
|Second Order
  +
|Connected to the Order through her [[Weasley family|family]], but underage. Fought in the [[Battle of the Department of Mysteries]] in [[1996]], the [[Battle of the Astronomy Tower]] in [[1997]], and the [[Battle of Hogwarts]] in [[1998]].
  +
|-
  +
|[[Horace Slughorn]]
  +
|Second Order
  +
|Led reinforcements during, and fought in, the [[Battle of Hogwarts]] in [[1998]].
  +
|-
  +
|[[Kreacher]]
  +
|Second Order
  +
|Initially despised the Order and undermined it by sharing information with [[Bellatrix Lestrange]] and [[Narcissa Malfoy]], but later assisted [[Harry Potter]] in finding the location of the genuine version of [[Salazar Slytherin's Locket]] and led the [[house-elf|house-elves]]' contingent during the [[Battle of Hogwarts]] in [[1998]].
  +
|-
  +
|[[Lee Jordan]]
  +
|Second Order
  +
|Ran ''[[Potterwatch]]'' during the height of the war, communicating and broadcasting with various Order members; fought in the [[Battle of Hogwarts]] in [[1998]].
  +
|-
  +
|[[Luna Lovegood]]
  +
|Second Order
  +
|Fought in the [[Battle of the Department of Mysteries]] in [[1996]], the [[Battle of the Astronomy Tower]] in [[1997]], and the [[Battle of Hogwarts]] in [[1998]].
  +
|-
  +
|[[Muriel]]
  +
|Second Order
  +
|Allowed the Order to use her home as a safe house, and later hid the [[Weasley family]] after [[Ronald Weasley|Ron Weasley]]'s accompaniment of [[Harry Potter]] and [[Hermione Granger]] was discovered by the [[Death Eaters]].
  +
|-
  +
|[[Neville Longbottom]]
  +
|Second Order
  +
|Fought in the [[Battle of the Department of Mysteries]] in [[1996]], the [[Battle of the Astronomy Tower]] in [[1997]], and the [[Battle of Hogwarts]] in [[1998]]. Slew [[Nagini]], one of Voldemort's [[Horcrux]]es.
  +
|-
  +
|[[Oliver Wood]]
  +
|Second Order
  +
|Fought in the [[Battle of Hogwarts]], carried the bodies of [[Colin Creevey]] and [[Unidentified fallen fifty of the Battle of Hogwarts|others]] into the [[Great Hall]] during the battle.
  +
|-
  +
|[[Olympe Maxime]]
  +
|Second Order
  +
|Accompanied [[Rubeus Hagrid]] on his mission to attempt to gain the allegiance of the [[Giant]]s.
  +
|-
  +
|[[Percy Weasley]]
  +
|Second Order
  +
|Originally loyal to the [[British Ministry of Magic|Ministry of Magic]]; defected when it was taken over by [[Tom Riddle|Lord Voldemort]]. Fought in the [[Battle of Hogwarts]] in [[1998]].
  +
|-
  +
|[[Pomona Sprout]]
  +
|Second Order
  +
|Fought in the [[Battle of Hogwarts]] in [[1998]].
  +
|-
  +
|[[Ted Tonks]]
  +
|Second Order
  +
|Allowed the Order to use his family's [[Tonks house|home]] as a safe house in [[1997]]. Healed [[Harry Potter]]'s injuries after the [[Battle of the Seven Potters]]. Killed by [[Snatchers]] in [[1998]].
  +
|-
  +
|[[Westinburgh family]]
  +
|Second Order
  +
|On occasion, provided shelter to members of the Order.
  +
|-
  +
|[[Winky]]
  +
|Second Order
  +
|Participated in the [[Battle of Hogwarts]].
  +
|-
  +
|[[Sybill Trelawney]]
  +
|First Order, Second Order
  +
|Informed [[Albus Dumbledore]] of [[Sybill Trelawney's first prophecy|the prophecy]].
  +
|-
  +
|[[Dumbledore's Army]]
  +
|Second Order
  +
|Fought against [[Voldemort]] and his [[Death Eaters]]. They participated in numerous battles like the [[Battle of the Department of Mysteries]], [[Battle of the Astronomy Tower]], and the [[Battle of Hogwarts]]. Some members, like [[Hermione Granger]], [[Ronald Weasley]], [[Neville Longbottom]] and [[Harry Potter]] participated more actively and had a bigger role than others.
  +
|}
  +
  +
==Etymology==
  +
[[File:Phoenix.jpg|thumb|left|170px|[[Fawkes]], Dumbledore's [[phoenix]].]]
  +
The Order of the Phoenix is named for the [[Phoenix|magical bird]]. The Order's founder and original leader, [[Albus Dumbledore]], had a phoenix named [[Fawkes]] for pet, and his [[Patronus Charm|Patronus]] also took the form of a phoenix. Fawkes gave two feathers to comprise the [[wand core|cores]] of the [[wand]]s of [[Harry Potter]] and [[Tom Riddle|Lord Voldemort]]<ref name="PS">''[[Harry Potter and the Philosopher's Stone]]''</ref>, key figures in the conflict between the Order and the [[Death Eaters]]. Fawkes also participated in the conflict at least twice: he came to Harry's aid against [[Slytherin's Basilisk]]<ref name="CS">''[[Harry Potter and the Chamber of Secrets]]''</ref>, and later at the battle of the Department of Mysteries intercepted a [[Killing Curse]] Voldemort aimed at Dumbledore<ref name="OTP" />.
  +
  +
In mythology, the [[Wikipedia:Phoenix (mythology)|phoenix]] often represents resurrection and life after death. This could allude to how the Order of the Phoenix was reborn after Voldemort returned to power, and how Harry Potter survived two [[Killing Curse]]s. The Order's name thus symbolises their opposition to an organisation focused on causing death and finding unnatural, [[Dark Arts|Dark]] methods of achieving immortality.
  +
  +
==Behind the scenes==
  +
[[File:Alastor OOTP.jpg|thumb|right|200px|[[Alastor Moody]] [[Apparition|Apparating]] into the [[Department of Mysteries]].]]
  +
*In the [[Harry Potter and the Order of the Phoenix (film)|film adaptation]] of the [[Battle of the Department of Mysteries]], which differs significantly from the [[Harry Potter and the Order of the Phoenix|novel]] version, the Order of the Phoenix members [[Apparition|Apparate]] into the [[Department of Mysteries]], and save the [[Dumbledore's Army]] members by Apparating directly into the area where the [[Death Eaters]] holding them at wand-point.
  +
*Also in the [[Harry Potter films|films]], Order members are shown as Apparating in clouds of white smoke, while the Death Eaters Apparate in clouds of black smoke. This may be a reference to the Death Eaters' use and corruption by Dark Magic, causing them to apparate in black smoke, as opposed to the white smoke of the Order members.
  +
*[[Molly Weasley]] is not stated to have been a member of the original Order, despite her brothers being members. This is likely due to the fact that she gave birth to, and took care of, [[seven]] children during the course of the [[First Wizarding War]]<ref>Bill was born in [[1970]], which is approximately when the war began, and Ginny was born in [[1981]], two months before the end of the war.</ref>.
  +
*If the list of members of the Order of the Phoenix, above, is complete, then the mortality rate (including permanent incapacitation) of members, during the First and Second Wizarding Wars combined, rivals that of the [http://www.middle-ages.org.uk/black-death.htm Black Death] in fourteenth-century Europe. About 44% of members died during the [[First Wizarding War]], and 26% were killed by Death Eaters during the course of the [[Second Wizarding War]].
  +
*It may be that the Order of the Phoenix was inspired by the {{wplink|Fabian Society}}, where one of J.K. Rowling's professed favourite authors, {{wplink|Edith Nesbit}}, was a member. The argument is made more likely by the fact that several original members of the Order of the Phoenix seem to be named after members of the Fabian Society: [[Emmeline Vance]] for {{wplink|Emmeline Pankhurst}}, [[Fabian Prewett]] for the Fabian Society itself, [[Sturgis Podmore]] for {{wplink|Frank Podmore}}, and [[Kingsley Shacklebolt]] for {{wplink|Kingsley Martin}}. The Fabian Society's members were also closely associated with a magical association called the {{wplink|Order of the Golden Dawn}}.
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*It was also mentioned that [[Albus Dumbledore]] named the Order of the Phoenix after [[Fawkes]], his pet Phoenix.
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==Appearances==
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{{Imagecat|Images of the Order of the Phoenix}}
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*''[[Harry Potter and the Goblet of Fire]]'' {{Mention}}
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*''[[Harry Potter and the Order of the Phoenix]]'' {{1st}}
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*''[[Harry Potter and the Order of the Phoenix (film)]]''
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*''[[Harry Potter and the Order of the Phoenix (video game)]]''
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*''[[Harry Potter and the Half-Blood Prince]]''
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*''[[Harry Potter and the Half-Blood Prince (film)]]''
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*''[[Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows]]''
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*''[[Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows: Part 1]]''
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*''[[Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows: Part 1 (video game)]]'' {{Mention}}
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*''[[Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows: Part 2]]''
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*''[[Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows: Part 2 (video game)]]''
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*''[[LEGO Harry Potter: Years 5-7]]''
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*''[[Pottermore]]'' {{Mention}}
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==Notes and references==
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{{Reflist}}
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{{Order of the Phoenix}}
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[[es:Orden del Fénix]]
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[[et:Fööniksi Ordu]]
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[[fr:Ordre du Phénix]]
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[[id:Orde Phoenix]]
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[[pl:Zakon Feniksa]]
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[[ru:Орден Феникса]]
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[[fi:Feeniksin kilta]]
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[[nl:Orde van de Feniks]]
 
[[Category:Battle of Hogwarts participants]]
 
[[Category:Battle of Hogwarts participants]]
 
[[Category:Battle of the Astronomy Tower participants]]
 
[[Category:Battle of the Astronomy Tower participants]]

Revision as of 22:55, March 24, 2013

L'Ordre du Phénix Originale
Order of the Phoenix
Organisation information
Founder(s)

Albus Dumbledore

Founded
Dissolved
Leader(s)
Headquarters
Intentions

To protect the wizarding and Muggle worlds from Lord Voldemort and his Death Eaters

Affiliation
Enemies
"It's a secret society. Dumbledore's in charge, he founded it. It's the people who fought against You-Know-Who last time."
Hermione Granger telling Harry Potter about the Order in 1995.[src]

The Order of the Phoenix was a secret society founded by Albus Dumbledore to oppose Lord Voldemort and his Death Eaters. The original Order was created sometime in 1970s, after Voldemort returned to England from abroad and started his campaign to take over the Ministry of Magic and persecute Muggle-borns. The Order worked with the Ministry to oppose the Dark Lord and his followers, and played a crucial role in the First Wizarding War. Victory came in 1981 at the cost of many of their members.

The Order disbanded, but was reconvened in 1995 after Harry Potter informed Dumbledore of Lord Voldemort's return. The Ministry refused to admit that the Dark Lord had returned, thus the Order alone worked to protect Harry Potter and the prophecy concerning him and Voldemort in the Department of Mysteries. After a battle occurred there in 1996 between the Order and the Death Eaters, the Ministry admitted the truth. However, the next year would see the Order losing their leader and the Ministry being conquered by Voldemort. The Order remained an underground resistance, trying to protect Muggles and broadcast the truth during the worst days of the Second Wizarding War. They answered the call to arms by Dumbledore's Army on 2 May, 1998, fighting Voldemort and his Death Eaters for the final time at Hogwarts School of Witchcraft and Wizardry. The Battle of Hogwarts ended with Voldemort's death and a decisive victory for the Order and their allies.

History

Founding and First Wizarding War

Orderphoto

A photograph of the original Order, including Peter Pettigrew, James Potter, Lily Evans and Remus Lupin.

Origin

Sirius: "What was there to be gained by fighting the most evil wizard that ever existed? Only innocent lives, Peter!"
Peter: "You don’t understand! He would have killed me, Sirius!"
Sirius: "THEN YOU SHOULD HAVE DIED! DIED RATHER THAN BETRAY YOUR FRIENDS, AS WE WOULD HAVE DONE FOR YOU!"
Sirius Black confronting Peter Pettigrew in 1994[src]
.

The Order of the Phoenix was founded by Albus Dumbledore during Lord Voldemort's first rise to power in the 1970s. Dumbledore formed the Order to combat Voldemort's increasing threat and power. Aurors from the Ministry of Magic also joined the Order to participate in more secretive, sudden assaults aimed to crush the Dark Rebellion. Dumbledore created a method of communication among Order members by inventing a way to make Patronuses speak.

Although the Death Eaters had been attacking mostly Muggles and Muggle-borns to spread terror, they soon turned to attacking "blood traitors" such as Order members as well. Fabian and Gideon Prewett were killed by a group of six Death Eaters led by Antonin Dolohov. Caradoc Dearborn disappeared, the Bones family was almost completely destroyed, Benjy Fenwick was brutally murdered, and Marlene McKinnon and her family were killed by Death Eaters, including Travers. Even as the Order suffered great losses, they continued to fight, and four of their members — James and Lily Potter, and Frank and Alice Longbottom — defied Voldemort himself three times.[1]

The Prophecy

Lily eath

Lily Potter is murdered by Lord Voldemort, one of Voldemort's biggest mistakes.

"The one with the power to vanquish the Dark Lord approaches... Born to those who have thrice defied him, born as the seventh month dies...and the Dark Lord will mark him as his equal, but he will have power the Dark Lord knows not...and either must die at the hand of the other for neither can live while the other survives....the one with the power to vanquish the Dark Lord will be born as the seventh month dies..."
Sybill Trelawney's first prophecy[src]

This defiance made the two couples and their infant sons Harry and Neville targets of a prophecy concerning a person with the power to defeat the Dark Lord. Then Death Eater Severus Snape heard part of the prophecy and reported it to Voldemort, who believed it referred to Harry Potter. He decided to hunt down the Potters, choosing the half-blood Harry, like Voldemort himself, as opposed to the pure blood, Neville. The Potters, who were in hiding under the Fidelius Charm, caused Snape to switch sides, since he had always been deeply in love with Lily Potter.[2]

It was not enough to save them, however; the Potters' Secret-Keeper Peter Pettigrew betrayed them, and Voldemort came to their home in Godric's Hollow on 31 October, 1981. He summarily killed James, but offered Lily a chance to live, as requested by Severus Snape. She refused, begging for her son's life, and Voldemort used the Killing Curse against her and then on Harry. Because Lily had willingly sacrificed herself out of love for her son, Harry was protected, and the curse backfired. Because Voldemort had made Horcruxes, he did not die, but he lost physical form. He also inadvertently made Harry himself a Horcrux, as a piece of his soul embedded itself into a scar on Harry's forehead.[2] Pettigrew fled the scene and faked his own death by hiding in his Animagus form and cutting off his own finger, while killing many innocent muggles with one spell, thus Sirius Black was blamed for his crimes, and thrown into Azkaban without a trial[3].

Disbandment

FirstwarDumbledore

Dumbledore at Death Eater trials in 1981.

The First Wizarding War ended with a victory for the Order and the Ministry, but the Death Eaters were still a danger. Four of them — the Lestrange brothers; Rabastan and Rodolphus, Rodolphus' wife Bellatrix, and Barty Crouch Jr — attacked the Longbottoms shortly after their master's defeat. Seeking information about their master's downfall, the Death Eaters drove Alice and Frank insane with the Cruciatus Curse. The Death Eaters and many of their comrades were caught and sentenced to Azkaban, some of them turned in by Igor Karkaroff, who was released in exchange for information. Others, such as Lucius Malfoy, managed to avoid prison by claiming to have only served Voldemort under the Imperius Curse, though Order members were sceptical of such claims.[4]

Albus Dumbledore and Severus Snape, who had turned spy for the Order "at great personal risk" prior to Voldemort's fall, suspected that Voldemort would return, and they determined that Harry Potter had to be protected.[2] However, the war was over, and the Order was disbanded. The members were, for the most part, powerful witches and wizards with many other demands on their time, and, if the second incarnation of the Order is indicative, there may well have been internal pressures and uncertainties which, in the absence of a clear, external threat, would make it inadvisable to attempt to maintain the group.

The Order reconvenes

300px-Order of the Phoenix

The Order's Advance Guard.

"Time is short, and unless the few of us who know the truth stand united, there is no hope for any of us."
Albus Dumbledore after the return of Lord Voldemort[src]

On 24 June, 1995, Lord Voldemort returned to power. His servant Barty Crouch Jr, disguised as Alastor Moody, had manipulated the Goblet of Fire in order to ensure Harry Potter became a Champion of the Triwizard Tournament. When Harry and fellow Champion Cedric Diggory touched the Triwizard Cup, not knowing that it had been made a Portkey, they were transported to a graveyard in Little Hangleton. Peter Pettigrew killed Cedric and then performed a ritual to resurrect Voldemort, who then summoned his Death Eaters to him. Harry managed to escape and inform Albus Dumbledore of the Dark Lord's return.[4]

Within an hour, the original Order members had been informed. Dumbledore sent Sirius Black, who was still wanted by the Ministry, in his Animagus form (a dog), to alert key members such as Arabella Figg, Mundungus Fletcher, and Remus Lupin to the new threat. Upon its reconstitution, the Order set up headquarters at 12 Grimmauld Place, London — Sirius's family home. The house was protected with the Fidelius Charm, with Dumbledore as Secret-Keeper. Members of the Order were assigned by Dumbledore to protect Harry Potter and for guard duty. Harry and his best friends Ron Weasley and Hermione Granger also assisted the Order, though, being under-age, they were not official members.[1]

Ministry relations

Dumbledore-DaftOrDangerous?

A Daily Prophet article questioning Dumbledore's sanity for claiming Voldemort had returned.

Cornelius Fudge: "If you're going to work against me . . ."
Albus Dumbledore: "The only one against whom I intend to work is Lord Voldemort. If you are against him, then we remain, Cornelius, on the same side."
Cornelius Fudge and Albus Dumbledore[src]

Although Dumbledore and the original members of the Order accepted the return of Lord Voldemort, members of the Ministry of Magic, including Minister for Magic Cornelius Fudge, were not convinced. Fudge preferred to believe that Dumbledore was spreading rumours in an attempt to undercut his authority as Minister. Years earlier, there had been widespread support for Dumbledore to take the position, although he declined, choosing instead to remain at Hogwarts. In his early years as Minister, Fudge was constantly bombarding Dumbledore, frantically seeking advice. These actions sowed the seeds of paranoia in Fudge, as he feared Dumbledore would usurp his power. He also accused Dumbledore of "going senile in his old years", and declared that he was clearly mistaken about Voldemort's return.[4] However, some Aurors in the Ministry, such as Kingsley Shacklebolt and Nymphadora Tonks, came to believe Dumbledore and joined the Order in secret.[1]

Under the Ministry's influence, the Daily Prophet portrayed Dumbledore and Harry as either liars or nutters, and thus many members of the wizarding public did not believe in Voldemort's return either. The Order was forced to exist underground and certain members were unable to even greet one another in public, for fear of exposing their allegiances. Voldemort and his Death Eaters took advantage of the Ministry's folly, conducting their business in secret for a year. Among their goals was to obtain a record of the prophecy concerning Voldemort and Harry, which was kept in the Department of Mysteries. The Order kept guard on the area, but were hampered by the Ministry's lack of cooperation.

Tonksbattle

Nymphadora Tonks in the Department of Mysteries.

Dumbledore: "It was foolish to come here tonight, Tom. The Aurors are on their way-"
Voldemort: "By which time I shall be gone, and you shall be dead!"
Albus Dumbledore and Lord Voldemort face off[src]

Voldemort eventually managed to lure Harry there, along with five members of Dumbledore's Army, an organisation Harry, Hermione, and Ron founded at Hogwarts in response to Ministry employee Dolores Umbridge refusing to teach students practical Defence Against the Dark Arts. The group of teenagers were ambushed by twelve Death Eaters. The Order became aware of this through Severus Snape, and Sirius Black, Remus Lupin, Nymphadora Tonks, Alastor Moody, and Kingsley Shacklebolt raced to the Ministry to battle the Death Eaters. They managed to save the students, and the prophecy was destroyed, but Sirius was killed by his cousin, Bellatrix Lestrange. Albus Dumbledore helped round up the other Death Eaters, summoned the Aurors, and then duelled Voldemort in defence of Harry. All of the Order members that participated in the battle were wounded, with exception of Remus Lupin and Albus Dumbledore. In addition, all Dumbledore's Army members were injured except for Harry. [1]

Several Ministry personnel, including Minister Fudge, entered the Ministry Atrium at the end of this duel, thus seeing Voldemort for themselves. Voldemort Disapparated with Bellatrix, but Fudge was forced to admit that Dumbledore and Harry Potter had been right.[1] He was soon replaced by Rufus Scrimgeour as Minister for Magic.[5]

Second Wizarding War

Guarding Hogwarts

Dark Mark Over Hogwarts

The Dark Mark over Hogwarts during the Battle of the Astronomy Tower.

"Dumbledore's man through and through, aren't you, Potter?"
Rufus Scrimgeour to Harry Potter[src]

The battle marked the official beginning of the Second Wizarding War. Although Scrimgeour was a more proactive Minister than Fudge had been, he proved to be suspicious of the Order and of Dumbledore as well. He tried to convince Harry Potter to ally himself with the Ministry to boost public morale, but Harry was disgusted by Scrimgeour's high-handed methods and declared his loyalty to Dumbledore and the Order. Over the course of the school year, Dumbledore taught Harry about Voldemort's past and of the existence of his Horcruxes.

In the meantime, the Order kept watch at Hogwarts. However, Draco Malfoy managed to use a Vanishing Cabinet to get Death Eaters into the school, and the Battle of the Astronomy Tower ensued. Dumbledore was cornered by Malfoy, but the boy lowered his wand, and Severus Snape stepped in to kill Dumbledore. Not knowing that this was a plan Dumbledore and Snape had conceived earlier, nor of the headmaster's medical condition due to the curse, the Order believed that they had been betrayed.[5]

Fall of the Ministry of Magic

Kingley's Patronus

Kingsley's Patronus warns the Order of the Ministry's downfall

Now under the leadership of Alastor Moody, the Order's next goal was to remove Harry from his relatives' home before the protection offered by his mother's blood expired on his seventeenth birthday. Unfortunately, a number of the simpler solutions to the situation, such as Floo Powder or Apparition were unavailable due to monitoring by the Ministry, which was being infiltrated by the Death Eaters, and Harry, as an under-age wizard, still had the trace on him. The Order also assigned two of its members, Dedalus Diggle and Hestia Jones, to take Harry's relatives into hiding so that they could not be targeted by Death Eaters. Thus, the Order had to fly him out, using six decoys disguised as Harry with Polyjuice Potion. Despite being ambushed by over thirty Death Eaters and Voldemort himself, the Order managed to get Harry to safety at the Burrow, their next headquarters since Snape knew of 12 Grimmauld Place. Sadly, Moody and Harry's owl, Hedwig, were killed in the fray.

Five days later, on 1 August, 1997, the Death Eaters seized control of the Ministry. Scrimgeour was murdered and Pius Thicknesse, who Yaxley had under the Imperius Curse, was installed as Voldemort's puppet Minister for Magic. Kingsley Shacklebolt managed to warn the Order of the coup by sending his Patronus to the Burrow, where Bill and Fleur's reception was being held. Various Order members were interrogated, but none were killed. In the meantime, Harry had vanished along with Hermione Granger and Ron Weasley. The three sought to find and destroy Voldemort's Horcruxes, a concept and mission of which the rest of the Order had not been informed.[2]

Resistance

OrderAtPrivetDrive

Several members of the second Order

River (Lee Jordan): "And what would you say, Royal, to those listeners who reply that in these dangerous times, it should be "wizards first"?"
Royal (Kingsley Shacklebolt): "I'd say that it's one short step from "wizards first" to "pure-bloods first", and then to "Death Eaters." We're all human, aren't we? Every human life is worth the same, and worth saving."
— Order members on Potterwatch in 1998[src]
Podcast radio icon BIG

Potterwatch

While Voldemort controlled the Ministry, the Order members were fugitives. The Weasleys were kept under surveillance and the Taboo curse was placed upon Voldemort's name, since only enemies of the Dark Lord were willing to speak it aloud. Kingsley was nearly caught after saying the name, but managed to fight off the Death Eaters that attacked him and went on the run. The Weasleys were also forced into hiding, after it was discovered that Ron was travelling with Harry, "Undesirable Number One," in the spring of 1998.

The Order led the underground resistance, participating in the radio programme Potterwatch, which broadcast the truth while the Daily Prophet and other news outlets were controlled by the Ministry. The Order encouraged people to do as they were doing — protect innocent Muggles from being harmed for the amusement of Death Eaters, and Muggle-borns who were being persecuted by the Ministry's new Muggle-Born Registration Commission.

78343 gal-2

The Order of the Phoenix and Dumbledore's Army members in the Great Hall

Battle of Hogwarts

"We've only got half an hour until midnight, so we need to act fast. A battle plan has been agreed between the teachers of Hogwarts and the Order of the Phoenix... All right, leaders up here and we'll divide up the troops!"
Kingsley Shacklebolt before the Battle of Hogwarts[src]

On 2 May, 1998, the Order received the call to arms from Neville Longbottom, who was left leading Dumbledore's Army at the Death Eater-controlled Hogwarts. With the D.A., the Order of the Phoenix took a final stand against Voldemort and his army. They formulated the battle plan with the professors of Hogwarts, who led fighters to the three highest towers, while Kingsley, Remus Lupin, and Arthur Weasley led troops to the school grounds, and Fred and George Weasley organised the defence of the entrances and passageways into the school.

The Battle of Hogwarts resulted in Order members Remus Lupin, Nymphadora Tonks, Severus Snape and Fred Weasley losing their lives, but they triumphed over the Death Eaters, and Voldemort himself was defeated by Harry Potter. Tonks was killed by Bellatrix Lestrange, Remus perished at the hands of Antonin Dolohov and Snape was fatally bitten by Nagini on Voldemort's orders

Members of the Order of the Phoenix

"Mudbloods and werewolves and traitors and thieves..."
Kreacher insulting various Order members; 'Mudbloods' refers to Hermione Granger, 'werewolves' to Remus Lupin, 'traitors' to the Weasleys, and 'thieves' to Mundungus Fletcher.[src]
Fabian PrewettGideon PrewettRemus LupinLily EvansPeter PettigrewJames PotterSirius BlackAlbus DumbledoreRubeus HagridAlice LongbottomFrank LongbottomAlastor MoodyDorcas MeadowesMarlene McKinnonElphias DogeEmmeline VanceMinerva McGonagallOotP

Members of the Original Order of the Phoenix pose for a photo in 1981. (clicking on a person will link to the respective article).


Leaders
Members
Traitors
Name Membership Notes
Albus Dumbledore First Order, Second Order Founder and leader of the Order. Fought in the First Wizarding War and the Battle of the Department of Mysteries in 1996; told Harry Potter of the existence of Voldemort's Horcruxes and destroyed one; arranged his own death with Severus Snape in 1997.
Alastor Moody First Order, Second Order Fought in the First Wizarding War, the Battle of the Department of Mysteries in 1996 and was killed during the Battle of the Seven Potters in 1997.
Kingsley Shacklebolt Second Order Fought in the Battle of the Department of Mysteries in 1996 and the Battle of the Seven Potters in 1997; led the Order during the Battle of Hogwarts in 1998.
Aberforth Dumbledore First Order, Second Order Younger brother of the Order's founder and leader. Assisted Dumbledore's Army in 1997-1998 by passing food and supplies into the Room of Requirement. Assisted Harry Potter, Hermione Granger, and Ron Weasley in Malfoy Manor by sending Dobby to rescue them, and later by hiding them in the Hog's Head when Death Eaters were watching Hogsmeade. Fought in (and, in the film, led) the Battle of Hogwarts in 1998.
Alice Longbottom First Order Fought in the First Wizarding War; tortured into insanity using the Cruciatus Curse by Barty Crouch Jr., Rodolphus, Rabastan and Bellatrix Lestrange at the end of the conflict.
Arabella Figg First Order, Second Order Assigned to watch over Harry Potter throughout his life in Little Whinging; is a Squib.
Benjy Fenwick First Order Killed and mutilated during the First Wizarding War.
Caradoc Dearborn First Order Disappeared during the height of the First Wizarding War; his body was never found, but he was presumed killed.
Dedalus Diggle First Order, Second Order Member of the Advance Guard in 1995; one of two Order members assigned to evacuate the Dursleys in 1997.
Dorcas Meadowes First Order Killed in the First Wizarding War.
Edgar Bones First Order Killed by Death Eaters during the First Wizarding War along with his wife and children. Hagrid considered the Bones family to be among the best witches and wizards of the age.
Elphias Doge First Order, Second Order Part of the Advance Guard in 1995; appears to have helped shadow Harry in the years before Harry started Hogwarts.
Emmeline Vance First Order, Second Order Member of the Advance Guard in 1995; killed by Death Eaters in 1996.
Fabian Prewett First Order Fought and killed in the First Wizarding War by five Death Eaters, including Antonin Dolohov.
Frank Longbottom First Order Fought in the First Wizarding War; tortured into insanity using the Cruciatus Curse by Barty Crouch Jr., Rodolphus, Rabastan and Bellatrix Lestrange at the end of the conflict.
Gideon Prewett First Order Fought and killed in the First Wizarding War by five Death Eaters, including Antonin Dolohov.
James Potter First Order Fought in the First Wizarding War; murdered by Lord Voldemort in Godric's Hollow in 1981.
Lily Potter First Order Fought in the First Wizarding War; murdered by Lord Voldemort in Godric's Hollow in 1981.
Marlene McKinnon First Order Killed along with her family in the First Wizarding War by Death Eaters, including Travers.
Minerva McGonagall First Order, Second Order Fought in the Battle of the Astronomy Tower in 1997 and the Battle of Hogwarts in 1998.
Mundungus Fletcher First Order, Second Order Assigned to watch over Harry Potter in 1995. Participated in the Battle of the Seven Potters, but fled as soon as Voldemort attacked him and Alastor Moody. Later, under duress, assisted Harry, Hermione, and Ron in locating Salazar Slytherin's Locket.
Peter Pettigrew First Order Defected and joined Death Eaters; betrayed the Potters to Lord Voldemort. Killed by his own silver hand after hesitating to kill Harry.
Remus Lupin First Order, Second Order Participated in both the First and Second Wizarding Wars. Fought in the Battle of the Department of Mysteries in 1996, the Battle of the Astronomy Tower and Battle of the Seven Potters in 1997, and was killed during the Battle of Hogwarts in 1998 by Antonin Dolohov. He was a werewolf.
Rubeus Hagrid First Order, Second Order Fought in the Battle of the Astronomy Tower and the Battle of the Seven Potters in 1997, and the Battle of Hogwarts in 1998. Half giant.
Severus Snape First Order, Second Order Defected from Death Eaters before the end of the First Wizarding War, due to feelings for Lily Evans; spy during the Second Wizarding War; killed during the Battle of Hogwarts by Voldemort.
Sirius Black First Order, Second Order Fought in both the First and Second Wizarding Wars. Let the Order use his family home as its headquarters. Killed by his cousin Bellatrix Lestrange during the Battle of the Department of Mysteries in 1996. Was in Azkaban for supposedly murdering Peter Pettigrew, broke out in 1993.
Sturgis Podmore First Order, Second Order Arrested in 1996 attempting to break into the Department of Mysteries under the Imperius Curse. Member of the Advance Guard in 1995.
Arthur Weasley Second Order Fought in the Battle of the Seven Potters in 1997 and the Battle of Hogwarts in 1998.
Bill Weasley Second Order Fought in the Battle of the Astronomy Tower and the Battle of the Seven Potters in 1997, and the Battle of Hogwarts in 1998.
Charlie Weasley Second Order Assigned to recruit foreign wizards; led reinforcements to the Battle of Hogwarts in 1998.
Fleur Delacour Assumed member[6], Second Order Fought in the Battle of the Seven Potters in 1997 and the Battle of Hogwarts in 1998.
Fred Weasley Assumed member[6], Second Order Fought in the Battle of the Seven Potters in 1997 and the Battle of Hogwarts in 1998, killed by an explosion during the battle.
George Weasley Assumed member[6], Second Order Fought in the Battle of the Seven Potters in 1997, during which he lost his left ear, and the Battle of Hogwarts in 1998.
Harry Potter Assumed member[6], Second Order Fought in the Battle of the Department of Mysteries in 1996, the Battle of the Seven Potters in 1997 and defeated Lord Voldemort for good during the Battle of Hogwarts in 1998. Also helped render Voldemort mortal (and vulnerable) by finding his Horcruxes, along with Ron Weasley and Hermione Granger, and destroyed Tom Riddle's Diary.
Hermione Granger Assumed member[6], Second Order Fought in the Battle of the Department of Mysteries in 1996, the Battle of the Seven Potters in 1997, and the Battle of Hogwarts in 1998. Accompanied Harry Potter and Ron Weasley on the hunt for Voldemort's Horcruxes and destroyed Helga Hufflepuff's Cup.
Hestia Jones Second Order Member of the Advance Guard in 1995; one of the two Order members assigned to evacuate the Dursleys in 1997.
Molly Weasley Second Order Fought in the Battle of Hogwarts in 1998 and killed Bellatrix Lestrange, partly in retribution for multiple personal losses.
Nymphadora Tonks Second Order Fought in the Battle of the Department of Mysteries in 1996, the Battle of the Astronomy Tower and the Battle of the Seven Potters in 1997, and killed during the Battle of Hogwarts in 1998 by Bellatrix Lestrange.
Olympe Maxime Assumed member[6], Second Order Helped Hagrid to try to win the Giants over to the Order's side.
Ron Weasley Assumed member[6], Second Order Fought in the Battle of the Department of Mysteries in 1996, Battle of the Seven Potters in 1997 and the Battle of Hogwarts in 1998. Accompanied Harry Potter and Hermione Granger on the hunt for Voldemort's Horcruxes, and destroyed Salazar Slytherin's Locket.

Allies of the Order of the Phoenix

During the First Wizarding War, the Order was allied with the Ministry of Magic. During the Second Wizarding War, however, the Ministry was at times sceptical of Lord Voldemort's return, and later taken over by Voldemort's followers. The Order was allied with Dumbledore's Army, as well as various individuals, during that conflict.

Name Association Notes
Andromeda Tonks Second Order Allowed the Order to use her family's home as a safe house in 1997. Healed Rubeus Hagrid's injuries after the Battle of the Seven Potters. Tortured by Death Eaters for information, but survived. Sister of Bellatrix Lestrange and Narcissa Malfoy. Mother of Nymphadora Tonks.
Augusta Longbottom Second Order Fought in the Battle of Hogwarts in 1998. Grandmother of Neville Longbottom.
Dobby Second Order Rescued Harry Potter, Ron Weasley, Hermione Granger, Luna Lovegood, Dean Thomas, Griphook, and Garrick Ollivander from Malfoy Manor; killed in action by Bellatrix Lestrange.
Filius Flitwick Second Order Fought in the Battle of Hogwarts in 1998.
Ginny Weasley Second Order Connected to the Order through her family, but underage. Fought in the Battle of the Department of Mysteries in 1996, the Battle of the Astronomy Tower in 1997, and the Battle of Hogwarts in 1998.
Horace Slughorn Second Order Led reinforcements during, and fought in, the Battle of Hogwarts in 1998.
Kreacher Second Order Initially despised the Order and undermined it by sharing information with Bellatrix Lestrange and Narcissa Malfoy, but later assisted Harry Potter in finding the location of the genuine version of Salazar Slytherin's Locket and led the house-elves' contingent during the Battle of Hogwarts in 1998.
Lee Jordan Second Order Ran Potterwatch during the height of the war, communicating and broadcasting with various Order members; fought in the Battle of Hogwarts in 1998.
Luna Lovegood Second Order Fought in the Battle of the Department of Mysteries in 1996, the Battle of the Astronomy Tower in 1997, and the Battle of Hogwarts in 1998.
Muriel Second Order Allowed the Order to use her home as a safe house, and later hid the Weasley family after Ron Weasley's accompaniment of Harry Potter and Hermione Granger was discovered by the Death Eaters.
Neville Longbottom Second Order Fought in the Battle of the Department of Mysteries in 1996, the Battle of the Astronomy Tower in 1997, and the Battle of Hogwarts in 1998. Slew Nagini, one of Voldemort's Horcruxes.
Oliver Wood Second Order Fought in the Battle of Hogwarts, carried the bodies of Colin Creevey and others into the Great Hall during the battle.
Olympe Maxime Second Order Accompanied Rubeus Hagrid on his mission to attempt to gain the allegiance of the Giants.
Percy Weasley Second Order Originally loyal to the Ministry of Magic; defected when it was taken over by Lord Voldemort. Fought in the Battle of Hogwarts in 1998.
Pomona Sprout Second Order Fought in the Battle of Hogwarts in 1998.
Ted Tonks Second Order Allowed the Order to use his family's home as a safe house in 1997. Healed Harry Potter's injuries after the Battle of the Seven Potters. Killed by Snatchers in 1998.
Westinburgh family Second Order On occasion, provided shelter to members of the Order.
Winky Second Order Participated in the Battle of Hogwarts.
Sybill Trelawney First Order, Second Order Informed Albus Dumbledore of the prophecy.
Dumbledore's Army Second Order Fought against Voldemort and his Death Eaters. They participated in numerous battles like the Battle of the Department of Mysteries, Battle of the Astronomy Tower, and the Battle of Hogwarts. Some members, like Hermione Granger, Ronald Weasley, Neville Longbottom and Harry Potter participated more actively and had a bigger role than others.

Etymology

Phoenix

Fawkes, Dumbledore's phoenix.

The Order of the Phoenix is named for the magical bird. The Order's founder and original leader, Albus Dumbledore, had a phoenix named Fawkes for pet, and his Patronus also took the form of a phoenix. Fawkes gave two feathers to comprise the cores of the wands of Harry Potter and Lord Voldemort[7], key figures in the conflict between the Order and the Death Eaters. Fawkes also participated in the conflict at least twice: he came to Harry's aid against Slytherin's Basilisk[8], and later at the battle of the Department of Mysteries intercepted a Killing Curse Voldemort aimed at Dumbledore[1].

In mythology, the phoenix often represents resurrection and life after death. This could allude to how the Order of the Phoenix was reborn after Voldemort returned to power, and how Harry Potter survived two Killing Curses. The Order's name thus symbolises their opposition to an organisation focused on causing death and finding unnatural, Dark methods of achieving immortality.

Behind the scenes

Alastor OOTP

Alastor Moody Apparating into the Department of Mysteries.

  • In the film adaptation of the Battle of the Department of Mysteries, which differs significantly from the novel version, the Order of the Phoenix members Apparate into the Department of Mysteries, and save the Dumbledore's Army members by Apparating directly into the area where the Death Eaters holding them at wand-point.
  • Also in the films, Order members are shown as Apparating in clouds of white smoke, while the Death Eaters Apparate in clouds of black smoke. This may be a reference to the Death Eaters' use and corruption by Dark Magic, causing them to apparate in black smoke, as opposed to the white smoke of the Order members.
  • Molly Weasley is not stated to have been a member of the original Order, despite her brothers being members. This is likely due to the fact that she gave birth to, and took care of, seven children during the course of the First Wizarding War[9].
  • If the list of members of the Order of the Phoenix, above, is complete, then the mortality rate (including permanent incapacitation) of members, during the First and Second Wizarding Wars combined, rivals that of the Black Death in fourteenth-century Europe. About 44% of members died during the First Wizarding War, and 26% were killed by Death Eaters during the course of the Second Wizarding War.
  • It may be that the Order of the Phoenix was inspired by the Fabian Society, where one of J.K. Rowling's professed favourite authors, Edith Nesbit, was a member. The argument is made more likely by the fact that several original members of the Order of the Phoenix seem to be named after members of the Fabian Society: Emmeline Vance for Emmeline Pankhurst, Fabian Prewett for the Fabian Society itself, Sturgis Podmore for Frank Podmore, and Kingsley Shacklebolt for Kingsley Martin. The Fabian Society's members were also closely associated with a magical association called the Order of the Golden Dawn.
  • It was also mentioned that Albus Dumbledore named the Order of the Phoenix after Fawkes, his pet Phoenix.

Appearances

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Notes and references

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.5 Harry Potter and the Order of the Phoenix
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows
  3. Harry Potter and the Prisoner of Azkaban
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 Harry Potter and the Goblet of Fire
  5. 5.0 5.1 Harry Potter and the Half-Blood Prince
  6. 6.0 6.1 6.2 6.3 6.4 6.5 6.6 An individual is an assumed member, rather than an ally, when he or she actively participated in an Order of the Phoenix operation, rather than assisting the Order more indirectly or as part of another organisation.
  7. Harry Potter and the Philosopher's Stone
  8. Harry Potter and the Chamber of Secrets
  9. Bill was born in 1970, which is approximately when the war began, and Ginny was born in 1981, two months before the end of the war.
Order of the Phoenix
Phoenix
Founder:
Albus Dumbledore
Original Order of of the Phoenix:
Aberforth Dumbledore | Alastor Moody | Alice Longbottom | Arabella Figg | Benjy Fenwick | Caradoc Dearborn | Dedalus Diggle | Dorcas Meadowes | Edgar Bones | Elphias Doge | Emmeline Vance | Fabian Prewett | Frank Longbottom | Gideon Prewett | Hestia Jones (possibly) | James Potter | Lily Potter | Marlene McKinnon | Minerva McGonagall | Mundungus Fletcher | Peter Pettigrew (defected) | Remus Lupin | Rubeus Hagrid | Severus Snape | Sirius Black | Sturgis Podmore
Reconstituted Order of the Phoenix:
Aberforth Dumbledore | Alastor Moody | Arabella Figg | Arthur Weasley | Bill Weasley | Charlie Weasley | Dedalus Diggle | Elphias Doge | Emmeline Vance | Fleur Delacour | Fred Weasley | George Weasley | Harry Potter | Hermione Granger | Hestia Jones | Kingsley Shacklebolt | Minerva McGonagall | Molly Weasley | Mundungus Fletcher | Nymphadora Tonks | Remus Lupin | Ron Weasley | Rubeus Hagrid | Severus Snape | Sirius Black | Sturgis Podmore
Order of the Phoenix allies:
Andromeda Tonks | Augusta Longbottom | Dobby | Filius Flitwick | Ginny Weasley | Grawp | Horace Slughorn | Kreacher | Lee Jordan | Luna Lovegood | Muriel |
Neville Longbottom | Oliver Wood | Olympe Maxime | Percy Weasley | Pomona Sprout | Ted Tonks | Westinburgh family | Winky | Karkus | Karkus's wife
Other affiliations:
Dumbledore's Army | Forbidden Forest Centaur colony | Headless Hunt | Hogwarts Hippogriff herd | Hogwarts house-elves | Hogwarts Ghosts | Hogwarts Staff |
Hogwarts students | Hogwarts Thestral herd | Ministry of Magic | Giant colony (Karkus's control)

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