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L'Ordre du Phénix Originale
Order of the Phoenix
Organisation information
Founder(s)

Albus Dumbledore

Founded
Dissolved
Leader(s)
Headquarters
Intentions

To protect the wizarding and Muggle worlds from Lord Voldemort and his Death Eaters

Affiliation
Enemies
"It's a secret society. Dumbledore's in charge, he founded it. It's the people who fought against You-Know-Who last time."
Hermione Granger regarding the Order[src]

The Order of the Phoenix was a secret society founded by Albus Dumbledore to oppose Lord Voldemort and his Death Eaters. The original Order was created sometime in 1970s, after Voldemort returned to England from abroad and started his campaign to take over the Ministry of Magic and persecute Muggle-borns. The Order worked with the Ministry to oppose the Dark Lord and his followers, and played a crucial role in the First Wizarding War. Victory came in 1981 at the cost of many of their members.

The Order disbanded, but was reconvened in 1995 after Harry Potter informed Dumbledore of Lord Voldemort's return. The Ministry refused to admit that the Dark Lord had returned, thus the Order alone worked to protect Harry Potter and the prophecy concerning him and Voldemort in the Department of Mysteries. After a battle occurred there in 1996 between the Order and the Death Eaters, the Ministry admitted the truth. However, the next year would see the Order losing their leader and the Ministry being conquered by Voldemort. The Order remained an underground resistance, trying to protect Muggles and broadcast the truth during the worst days of the Second Wizarding War. They answered the call to arms by Dumbledore's Army on 2 May, 1998, fighting Voldemort and his Death Eaters for the final time at Hogwarts School of Witchcraft and Wizardry. The Battle of Hogwarts ended with Voldemort's death and a decisive victory for the Order and their allies.

History

Founding and First Wizarding War

Origin

Sirius: "What was there to be gained by fighting the most evil wizard that ever existed? Only innocent lives, Peter!"
Peter: "You don’t understand! He would have killed me, Sirius!"
Sirius: "THEN YOU SHOULD HAVE DIED! DIED RATHER THAN BETRAY YOUR FRIENDS, AS WE WOULD HAVE DONE FOR YOU!"
Sirius Black confronting Peter Pettigrew in 1994[src]
HpBpH

A photograph of the original Order, including Remus Lupin, Lily Evans, Peter Pettigrew and James Potter

The Order of the Phoenix was founded by Albus Dumbledore during Lord Voldemort's first rise to power in the 1970s. Dumbledore formed the Order to combat Voldemort's increasing threat and power. Aurors from the Ministry of Magic also joined the Order to participate in more secretive, sudden assaults aimed to crush the Dark Rebellion. Dumbledore created a method of communication among Order members by inventing a way to make Patronuses speak.

Although the Death Eaters had been attacking mostly Muggles and Muggle-borns to spread terror, they soon turned to attacking "blood traitors" such as Order members as well. Fabian and Gideon Prewett were killed by a group of six Death Eaters led by Antonin Dolohov. Caradoc Dearborn disappeared, the Bones family was almost completely destroyed, Benjy Fenwick was brutally murdered, and Marlene McKinnon and her family were killed by Death Eaters, including Travers. Even as the Order suffered great losses, they continued to fight, and four of their members — James and Lily Potter, and Frank and Alice Longbottom — defied Voldemort himself three times.[1]

The Prophecy

"The one with the power to vanquish the Dark Lord approaches... Born to those who have thrice defied him, born as the seventh month dies...and the Dark Lord will mark him as his equal, but he will have power the Dark Lord knows not...and either must die at the hand of the other for neither can live while the other survives....the one with the power to vanquish the Dark Lord will be born as the seventh month dies..."
Sybill Trelawney's first prophecy[src]

This defiance made the two couples and their infant sons Harry and Neville targets of a prophecy concerning a person with the power to defeat the Dark Lord. Then Death Eater Severus Snape heard part of the prophecy and reported it to Voldemort, who believed it referred to Harry Potter. He decided to hunt down the Potters, choosing the half-blood Harry, like Voldemort himself, as opposed to the pure blood Neville. The Potters, who were in hiding under the Fidelius Charm, caused Snape to switch sides, since he had always been deeply in love with Lily Potter.[2]

Lily murder

Lily Potter is murdered by Lord Voldemort

It was not enough to save them, however; the Potters' Secret-Keeper Peter Pettigrew betrayed them, and Voldemort came to their home in Godric's Hollow on 31 October, 1981. He summarily murdered James, but offered Lily a chance to live, as requested by Severus Snape. She refused, begging for her son's life, and Voldemort used the Killing Curse against her and then on Harry. Because Lily had willingly sacrificed herself out of love for her son, Harry was protected, and the curse backfired. Because Voldemort had made Horcruxes, he did not die, but he lost physical form. He also inadvertently made Harry himself a Horcrux, as a piece of his soul embedded itself into a scar on Harry's forehead.[2] Pettigrew fled the scene and faked his own death by hiding in his Animagus form and cutting off his own finger, while murdering many innocent muggles with one spell, thus Sirius Black was blamed for his crimes, and thrown into Azkaban without a trial[3].

Disbandment

CouncilOfMagicalLawPottermore1

Death Eater trials in 1981.

The First Wizarding War ended with a victory for the Order and the Ministry, but the Death Eaters were still a danger. Four of them — the Lestrange brothers; Rabastan and Rodolphus, Rodolphus' wife Bellatrix, and Barty Crouch Jr — attacked the Longbottoms shortly after their master's defeat. Seeking information about their master's downfall, the Death Eaters drove Alice and Frank insane with the Cruciatus Curse. The Death Eaters and many of their comrades were caught and sentenced to Azkaban, some of them turned in by Igor Karkaroff, who was released in exchange for information. Others, such as Lucius Malfoy, managed to avoid prison by claiming to have only served Voldemort under the Imperius Curse, though Order members were sceptical of such claims.[4]

Albus Dumbledore and Severus Snape, who had turned spy for the Order "at great personal risk" prior to Voldemort's fall, suspected that Voldemort would return, and they determined that Harry Potter had to be protected.[2] However, the war was over, and the Order was disbanded. The members were, for the most part, powerful witches and wizards with many other demands on their time, and, if the second incarnation of the Order is indicative, there may well have been internal pressures and uncertainties which, in the absence of a clear, external threat, would make it inadvisable to attempt to maintain the group.

The Order reconvenes

"Time is short, and unless the few of us who know the truth stand united, there is no hope for any of us."
Albus Dumbledore after the return of Lord Voldemort[src]

On 24 June, 1995, Lord Voldemort returned to power. His servant Barty Crouch Jr, disguised as Alastor Moody, had manipulated the Goblet of Fire in order to ensure Harry Potter became a Champion of the Triwizard Tournament. When Harry and fellow Champion Cedric Diggory touched the Triwizard Cup, not knowing that it had been made a Portkey, they were transported to a graveyard in Little Hangleton. Peter Pettigrew murdered Cedric and then performed a ritual to resurrect Voldemort, who then summoned his Death Eaters to him. Harry managed to escape and inform Albus Dumbledore of the Dark Lord's return.[4]

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The Order's Advance Guard.

Within an hour, the original Order members had been informed. Dumbledore sent Sirius Black, who was still wanted by the Ministry, in his Animagus form (a dog), to alert key members such as Arabella Figg, Mundungus Fletcher, and Remus Lupin to the new threat. Upon its reconstitution, the Order set up headquarters at 12 Grimmauld Place, London — Sirius's family home. The house was protected with the Fidelius Charm, with Dumbledore as Secret-Keeper. Members of the Order were assigned by Dumbledore to protect Harry Potter and for guard duty. Harry and his best friends Ron Weasley and Hermione Granger also assisted the Order, though, being under-age, they were not official members.[1]

Ministry relations

Cornelius Fudge: "If you're going to work against me [...] "
Albus Dumbledore: "The only one against whom I intend to work is Lord Voldemort. If you are against him, then we remain, Cornelius, on the same side."
Cornelius Fudge and Albus Dumbledore[src]
Dp dumbledore daft or dangerous

A Daily Prophet article questioning Dumbledore's sanity for claiming Voldemort had returned.

Although Dumbledore and the original members of the Order accepted the return of Lord Voldemort, members of the Ministry of Magic, including Minister for Magic Cornelius Fudge, were not convinced. Fudge preferred to believe that Dumbledore was spreading rumours in an attempt to undercut his authority as Minister. Years earlier, there had been widespread support for Dumbledore to take the position, although he declined, choosing instead to remain at Hogwarts. In his early years as Minister, Fudge was constantly bombarding Dumbledore, frantically seeking advice. These actions sowed the seeds of paranoia in Fudge, as he feared Dumbledore would usurp his power. He also accused Dumbledore of "going senile in his old years", and declared that he was clearly mistaken about Voldemort's return.[4] However, some Aurors in the Ministry, such as Kingsley Shacklebolt and Nymphadora Tonks, came to believe Dumbledore and joined the Order in secret.[1]

Under the Ministry's influence, the Daily Prophet portrayed Dumbledore and Harry as either liars or nutters, and thus many members of the wizarding public did not believe in Voldemort's return either. The Order was forced to exist underground and certain members were unable to even greet one another in public, for fear of exposing their allegiances. Voldemort and his Death Eaters took advantage of the Ministry's folly, conducting their business in secret for a year. Among their goals was to obtain a record of the prophecy concerning Voldemort and Harry, which was kept in the Department of Mysteries. The Order kept guard on the area, but were hampered by the Ministry's lack of cooperation.

Tumblr mrdww6TW8y1qag66no1 250

Order members arrive at the Department of Mysteries

Voldemort eventually managed to lure Harry there, along with five members of Dumbledore's Army, an organisation Harry, Hermione, and Ron founded at Hogwarts in response to Ministry employee Dolores Umbridge refusing to teach students practical Defence Against the Dark Arts. The group of teenagers were ambushed by twelve Death Eaters. The Order became aware of this through Severus Snape, and Sirius Black, Remus Lupin, Nymphadora Tonks, Alastor Moody, and Kingsley Shacklebolt raced to the Ministry to battle the Death Eaters. They managed to save the students, and the prophecy was destroyed, but Sirius was murdered by his cousin, Bellatrix Lestrange. Albus Dumbledore helped round up the other Death Eaters, summoned the Aurors, and then duelled Voldemort in defence of Harry. All of the Order members that participated in the battle were wounded, with exception of Remus Lupin and Albus Dumbledore. In addition, all Dumbledore's Army members were injured except for Harry. [1]

Several Ministry personnel, including Minister Fudge, entered the Ministry Atrium at the end of this duel, thus seeing Voldemort for themselves. Voldemort Disapparated with Bellatrix, but Fudge was forced to admit that Dumbledore and Harry Potter had been right.[1] He was soon replaced by Rufus Scrimgeour as Minister for Magic.[5]

Second Wizarding War

Guarding Hogwarts

"Dumbledore's man through and through, aren't you, Potter?"
Rufus Scrimgeour to Harry Potter[src]
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The Dark Mark over Hogwarts during the Battle of the Astronomy Tower

The battle marked the official beginning of the Second Wizarding War. Although Scrimgeour was a more proactive Minister than Fudge had been, he proved to be suspicious of the Order and of Dumbledore as well. He tried to convince Harry Potter to ally himself with the Ministry to boost public morale, but Harry was disgusted by Scrimgeour's high-handed methods and declared his loyalty to Dumbledore and the Order. Over the course of the school year, Dumbledore taught Harry about Voldemort's past and of the existence of his Horcruxes.

In the meantime, the Order kept watch at Hogwarts. However, Draco Malfoy, becoming a Death Eater in place of his incarcerated father, managed to use a Vanishing Cabinet to get Death Eaters into the school, and the Battle of the Astronomy Tower ensued. Dumbledore was cornered by Malfoy, but the headmaster managed to convince the boy to lower his wand, and Severus Snape stepped in to kill Dumbledore. Not knowing that this was a plan Dumbledore and Snape had conceived earlier, nor of the headmaster's medical condition due to the curse, the Order believed that they had been betrayed.[5]

Fall of the Ministry of Magic

"And then, out of nowhere, out of nothing, they were surrounded. At least thirty hooded figures, suspended in midair, formed a vast circle in the middle of which the Order members had risen, oblivious. — Screams, a blaze of green light on every side [...] "
—Description of the Battle of the Seven Potters[src]
Sevenpotters3

the seven Potters with their protector, during the Battle of the Seven Potters

Now under the leadership of Alastor Moody, the Order's next goal was to remove Harry from his relatives' home before the protection offered by his mother's blood expired on his seventeenth birthday. Unfortunately, a number of the simpler solutions to the situation, such as Floo Powder or Apparition were unavailable due to monitoring by the Ministry, which was being infiltrated by the Death Eaters, and Harry, as an under-age wizard, still had the trace on him. The Order also assigned two of its members, Dedalus Diggle and Hestia Jones, to take Harry's relatives into hiding so that they could not be targeted by Death Eaters. Thus, the Order had to fly him out, using six decoys disguised as Harry with Polyjuice Potion. Despite being ambushed by over thirty Death Eaters and Voldemort himself, the Order managed to get Harry to safety at the Burrow, their next headquarters since Snape knew of 12 Grimmauld Place. Sadly, Moody and Harry's owl, Hedwig, were killed in the fray.

Fall of ministry

Kingsley's Patronus warns the Order of the Ministry's downfall

Five days later, on 1 August, 1997, the Death Eaters seized control of the Ministry. Scrimgeour was murdered and Pius Thicknesse, who Yaxley had under the Imperius Curse, was installed as Voldemort's puppet Minister for Magic. Kingsley Shacklebolt managed to warn the Order of the coup by sending his Patronus to the Burrow, where Bill and Fleur's reception was being held. Various Order members were interrogated, but none were killed. In the meantime, Harry had vanished along with Hermione Granger and Ron Weasley. The three sought to find and destroy Voldemort's Horcruxes, a concept and mission of which the rest of the Order had not been informed.[2]

Resistance

River (Lee Jordan): "And what would you say, Royal, to those listeners who reply that in these dangerous times, it should be "wizards first"?"
Royal (Kingsley Shacklebolt): "I'd say that it's one short step from "wizards first" to "pure-bloods first", and then to "Death Eaters." We're all human, aren't we? Every human life is worth the same, and worth saving."
— Order members on Potterwatch in 1998[src]
OrderAtPrivetDrive

Several members of the second Order.

While Voldemort controlled the Ministry, the Order members were fugitives. The Weasleys were kept under surveillance and the Taboo curse was placed upon Voldemort's name, since only enemies of the Dark Lord were willing to speak it aloud. Kingsley was nearly caught after saying the name, but managed to fight off the Death Eaters that attacked him and went on the run. The Weasleys were also forced into hiding, after it was discovered that Ron was travelling with Harry, "Undesirable Number 1," in the spring of 1998.

Podcast radio icon BIG

Potterwatch

The Order led the underground resistance, participating in the radio programme Potterwatch, which broadcast the truth while the Daily Prophet and other news outlets were controlled by the Ministry. The Order encouraged people to do as they were doing — protect innocent Muggles from being harmed for the amusement of Death Eaters, and Muggle-borns who were being persecuted by the Ministry's new Muggle-Born Registration Commission.

Battle of Hogwarts

"We've only got half an hour until midnight, so we need to act fast. A battle plan has been agreed between the teachers of Hogwarts and the Order of the Phoenix... All right, leaders up here and we'll divide up the troops!"
Kingsley Shacklebolt before the Battle of Hogwarts[src]
Orderbattle

the Order during the Battle of Hogwarts

On 1 May, 1998, the Order received the call to arms from Neville Longbottom, who was left leading Dumbledore's Army at the Death Eater-controlled Hogwarts. With the D.A., the Order of the Phoenix took a final stand against Voldemort and his army. They formulated the battle plan with the professors of Hogwarts, who led fighters to the three highest towers, while Kingsley, Remus Lupin, and Arthur Weasley led troops to the school grounds, and Fred and George Weasley organised the defence of the entrances and passageways into the school.

The Battle of Hogwarts, beginning at midnight on 2 May, resulted in Order members Remus Lupin, Nymphadora Tonks, Severus Snape and Fred Weasley losing their lives, but they triumphed over the Death Eaters, and Voldemort himself was defeated by Harry Potter. Tonks was murdered by Bellatrix Lestrange, Remus perished at the hands of Antonin Dolohov and Snape was fatally bitten by Nagini on Voldemort's orders.

Members of the Order

"Mudbloods and werewolves and traitors and thieves [...] "
Kreacher insulting various Order members[src]
Fabian PrewettGideon PrewettRemus LupinLily EvansPeter PettigrewJames PotterSirius BlackAlbus DumbledoreRubeus HagridAlice LongbottomFrank LongbottomAlastor MoodyDorcas MeadowesMarlene McKinnonElphias DogeEmmeline VanceMinerva McGonagallEdgar BonesOotP

Members of the Original Order of the Phoenix pose for a photo in 1981.

Order members
Name Membership Notes

Albus Dumbledore

First Order, Second Order Founder and leader of the Order. Fought in the First Wizarding War and the Battle of the Department of Mysteries in 1996; told Harry Potter of the existence of Voldemort's Horcruxes and destroyed one; arranged his own death with Severus Snape in 1997.

Alastor Moody

First Order, Second Order Fought in the First Wizarding War, the Battle of the Department of Mysteries (1996) and was murdered during the Battle of the Seven Potters (1997).
Kingsley Shacklebolt Second Order Fought in the; Battle of the Department of Mysteries (1996), Battle of the Seven Potters (1997); led the Order during the Battle of Hogwarts in 1998.
Aberforth Dumbledore First Order, Second Order Younger brother of the Order's founder and leader. Assisted Dumbledore's Army in 1997-1998 by passing food and supplies into the Room of Requirement. Assisted Harry Potter, Hermione Granger, and Ron Weasley in Malfoy Manor by sending Dobby to rescue them, and later by hiding them in the Hog's Head when Death Eaters were watching Hogsmeade. Fought in (and, in the film, led) the Battle of Hogwarts in 1998.
Alice Longbottom First Order Fought in the First Wizarding War; tortured into insanity using the Cruciatus Curse by Barty Crouch Jr., Rodolphus, Rabastan and Bellatrix Lestrange at the end of the conflict.
Arabella Figg First Order, Second Order Assigned to watch over Harry Potter throughout his life in Little Whinging; is a Squib.

Benjy Fenwick

First Order murdered/mutilated during the First Wizarding War.

Caradoc Dearborn

First Order Disappeared during the height of the First Wizarding War; his body was never found, but he was presumed killed.
Dedalus Diggle First Order, Second Order Member of the Advance Guard in 1995; one of two Order members assigned to evacuate the Dursleys in 1997.

Dorcas Meadowes

First Order Murdered by Lord Voldemort in the First Wizarding War.

Edgar Bones

First Order Murdered by Death Eaters during the First Wizarding War along with his wife and children. Hagrid considered the Bones family to be among the best witches and wizards of the age.
Elphias Doge First Order, Second Order Part of the Advance Guard in 1995; appears to have helped shadow Harry in the years before he started Hogwarts.

Emmeline Vance

First Order, Second Order Member of the Advance Guard in 1995; murdered by Death Eaters in 1996.

Fabian Prewett

First Order Fought and murdered in the First Wizarding War by five Death Eaters, including Antonin Dolohov.
Frank Longbottom First Order Fought in the First Wizarding War; tortured into insanity using the Cruciatus Curse by Barty Crouch Jr., Rodolphus, Rabastan and Bellatrix Lestrange at the end of the conflict.

Gideon Prewett

First Order Fought and murdered in the First Wizarding War by five Death Eaters, including Antonin Dolohov.

James Potter I

First Order Fought in the First Wizarding War; murdered by Lord Voldemort in Godric's Hollow in 1981.

Lily Potter I

First Order Fought in the First Wizarding War; murdered by Lord Voldemort in Godric's Hollow in 1981.

Marlene McKinnon

First Order Murdered along with her family in the First Wizarding War by Death Eaters, including Travers.
Minerva McGonagall First Order, Second Order Fought in the Battle of the Astronomy Tower (1997) and the Battle of Hogwarts (1998).
Mundungus Fletcher First Order, Second Order Assigned to watch over Harry Potter in 1995. Participated in the Battle of the Seven Potters, but fled as soon as Voldemort attacked him and Alastor Moody. Later, under duress, assisted Harry, Hermione, and Ron in locating Salazar Slytherin's Locket.

Peter Pettigrew

First Order Defected and joined Death Eaters; betrayed the Potters to Lord Voldemort. Killed by his own silver hand after hesitating to kill Harry.

Remus Lupin

First Order, Second Order Participated in both the First and Second Wizarding Wars. Fought in the; Battle of the Department of Mysteries (1996), Battle of the Astronomy Tower (1997), Battle of the Seven Potters (1997), and was murdered during the Battle of Hogwarts (1998) by Antonin Dolohov. He was a werewolf.
Rubeus Hagrid First Order, Second Order Fought in the; Battle of the Astronomy Tower (1997), Battle of the Seven Potters (1997), and Battle of Hogwarts (1998). Half giant.

Severus Snape

First Order, Second Order Defected from Death Eaters before the end of the First Wizarding War, due to feelings for Lily Evans; spy during the Second Wizarding War; murdered during the Battle of Hogwarts by Voldemort.

Sirius Black III

First Order, Second Order Fought in both the First and Second Wizarding Wars. Let the Order use his family home as its headquarters. Murdered by his cousin Bellatrix Lestrange during the Battle of the Department of Mysteries (1996). Was in Azkaban for supposedly murdering Peter Pettigrew, broke out in 1993.
Sturgis Podmore First Order, Second Order Arrested in 1996 attempting to break into the Department of Mysteries under the Imperius Curse. Member of the Advance Guard in 1995.
Arthur Weasley Second Order

Fought in the Battle of the Seven Potters (1997) and the Battle of Hogwarts (1998).

Bill Weasley Second Order Fought in the Battle of the Astronomy Tower and the Battle of the Seven Potters in 1997, and the Battle of Hogwarts in 1998.
Charlie Weasley Second Order Assigned to recruit foreign wizards and led reinforcements to the Battle of Hogwarts (1998).
Fleur Delacour Assumed member[6], Second Order Fought in the Battle of the Seven Potters (1997) and the Battle of Hogwarts  (1998).

Fred Weasley I

Assumed member[6], Second Order Fought in the Battle of the Seven Potters (1997) and the Battle of Hogwarts in (1998), killed by an explosion during the battle.
George Weasley Assumed member[6], Second Order Fought in the Battle of the Seven Potters (1997), during which he lost his left ear, and the Battle of Hogwarts (1998).
Harry Potter Assumed member[6], Second Order Fought in the; Battle of the Department of Mysteries (1996), Battle of the Astronomy Tower (1997), Battle of the Seven Potters (1997), and defeated Lord Voldemort for good during the Battle of Hogwarts (1998). Also helped render Voldemort mortal (and vulnerable) by finding his Horcruxes, along with Ron Weasley and Hermione Granger, also destroyed Tom Riddle's Diary.
Hermione Granger Assumed member[6], Second Order Fought in the; Battle of the Department of Mysteries (1996), Battle of the Astronomy Tower (1997), Battle of the Seven Potters (1997), and Battle of Hogwarts (1998). Accompanied Harry Potter and Ron Weasley on the hunt for Voldemort's Horcruxes and destroyed Helga Hufflepuff's Cup.
Hestia Jones Second Order Member of the Advance Guard in 1995; one of the two Order members assigned to evacuate the Dursleys in 1997.
Molly  Weasley I Second Order Fought in the Battle of Hogwarts (1998) and killed Bellatrix Lestrange, partly in retribution for multiple personal losses.

Nymphadora Tonks

Second Order Fought in the; Battle of the Department of Mysteries (1996), Battle of the Astronomy Tower (1997), Battle of the Seven Potters (1997), and murderd during the Battle of Hogwarts (1998) by Bellatrix Lestrange.
Olympe Maxime Assumed member[6], Second Order Helped Hagrid to try to win the Giants over to the Order's side.
Ron Weasley Assumed member[6], Second Order Fought in the; Battle of the Department of Mysteries (1996), Battle of the Astronomy Tower (1997), Battle of the Seven Potters (1997), and Battle of Hogwarts (1998). Accompanied Harry Potter and Hermione Granger on the hunt for Voldemort's Horcruxes and destroyed Salazar Slytherin's Locket.

Allies of the Order of the Phoenix

During the First Wizarding War, the Order was allied with the Ministry of Magic. During the Second Wizarding War, however, the Ministry was at times sceptical of Lord Voldemort's return, and later taken over by Voldemort's followers. The Order was allied with Dumbledore's Army, as well as various individuals, during that conflict.

Name Association Notes
Andromeda Tonks Second Order Allowed the Order to use her family's home as a safe house in 1997. Healed Rubeus Hagrid's injuries after the Battle of the Seven Potters. Tortured by Death Eaters for information, but survived. Sister of Bellatrix Lestrange and Narcissa Malfoy. Mother of Nymphadora Tonks.
Augusta Longbottom Second Order Fought in the Battle of Hogwarts in 1998. Grandmother of Neville Longbottom.
Dobby Second Order Rescued Harry Potter, Ron Weasley, Hermione Granger, Luna Lovegood, Dean Thomas, Griphook, and Garrick Ollivander from Malfoy Manor; killed in action by Bellatrix Lestrange.
Filius Flitwick Second Order Fought in the Battle of Hogwarts in 1998.
Ginny Weasley Second Order Connected to the Order through her family, but underage. Fought in the; Battle of the Department of Mysteries (1996), Battle of the Astronomy Tower (1997), and Battle of Hogwarts (1998).
Horace Slughorn Second Order Led reinforcements during, and fought in, the Battle of Hogwarts in 1998.
Kreacher Second Order Initially despised the Order and undermined it by sharing information with Bellatrix Lestrange and Narcissa Malfoy, but later assisted Harry Potter in finding the location of the genuine version of Salazar Slytherin's Locket and led the house-elves' contingent during the Battle of Hogwarts in 1998.
Lee Jordan Second Order Ran Potterwatch during the height of the war, communicating and broadcasting with various Order members; fought in the Battle of Hogwarts in 1998.
Luna Lovegood Second Order Fought in the; Battle of the Department of Mysteries (1996), Battle of the Astronomy Tower (1997), and Battle of Hogwarts (1998).
Muriel Second Order Allowed the Order to use her home as a safe house, and later hid the Weasley family after Ron Weasley's accompaniment of Harry Potter and Hermione Granger was discovered by the Death Eaters.
Neville Longbottom Second Order

Fought in the; Battle of the Department of Mysteries (1996), Battle of the Astronomy Tower (1997), and Battle of Hogwarts (1998). Slew Nagini, one of Voldemort's Horcruxes.

Oliver Wood Second Order Fought in the Battle of Hogwarts, carried the bodies of Colin Creevey and others into the Great Hall during the battle.
Olympe Maxime Second Order Accompanied Rubeus Hagrid on his mission to attempt to gain the allegiance of the Giants.
Percy Weasley Second Order Originally loyal to the Ministry of Magic; defected when it was taken over by Lord Voldemort. Fought in the Battle of Hogwarts in 1998.
Pomona Sprout Second Order Fought in the Battle of Hogwarts in 1998.
Ted Tonks Second Order Allowed the Order to use his family's home as a safe house in 1997. Healed Harry Potter's injuries after the Battle of the Seven Potters. Killed by Snatchers in 1998.
Westinburgh family Second Order On occasion, provided shelter to members of the Order.
Winky Second Order Participated in the Battle of Hogwarts.
Sybill Trelawney First Order, Second Order Informed Albus Dumbledore of the prophecy.
Dumbledore's Army Second Order Fought against Voldemort and his Death Eaters. They participated in numerous battles like the Battle of the Department of Mysteries, Battle of the Astronomy Tower, and the Battle of Hogwarts. Some members, like Hermione Granger, Ronald Weasley, Neville Longbottom, and Harry Potter participated more actively and had a bigger role than others.

Etymology

Phoenix

Fawkes, Dumbledore's phoenix.

The Order of the Phoenix is named for the magical bird. The Order's founder and original leader, Albus Dumbledore, had a phoenix named Fawkes for pet, and his Patronus also took the form of a phoenix. Fawkes gave two feathers to comprise the cores of the wands of Harry Potter and Lord Voldemort[7], key figures in the conflict between the Order and the Death Eaters. Fawkes also participated in the conflict at least twice: he came to Harry's aid against Slytherin's Basilisk[8], and later at the battle of the Department of Mysteries intercepted a Killing Curse Voldemort aimed at Dumbledore[1].

In mythology, the phoenix often represents resurrection and life after death. This could allude to how the Order of the Phoenix was reborn after Voldemort returned to power, and how Harry Potter survived two Killing Curses. The Order's name thus symbolises their opposition to an organisation focused on causing death and finding unnatural, Dark methods of achieving immortality.

Behind the scenes

Alastor OOTP

Alastor Moody Apparating into the Department of Mysteries.

  • While not confirmed, it is likely that the surviving members of the Order got celebrity status of sorts, just like the members of the, as of 2014, 'legendary' Dumbledore's Army.
  • In the film adaptation of the Battle of the Department of Mysteries, which differs significantly from the novel version, the Order of the Phoenix members Apparate into the Department of Mysteries, and save the Dumbledore's Army members by Apparating directly into the area where the Death Eaters holding them at wand-point.
  • Also in the films, Order members are shown as Apparating in clouds of white smoke, while the Death Eaters Apparate in clouds of black smoke. This may be a reference to the Death Eaters' use and corruption by Dark Magic, causing them to apparate in black smoke, as opposed to the white smoke of the Order members.
  • Molly Weasley is not stated to have been a member of the original Order, despite her brothers being members. This is likely due to the fact that she gave birth to, and took care of, seven children during the course of the First Wizarding War[9].
  • If the list of members of the Order of the Phoenix, above, is complete, then the mortality rate (including permanent incapacitation) of members, during the First and Second Wizarding Wars combined, rivals that of the Black Death in fourteenth-century Europe. About 44% of members died during the First Wizarding War, and 26% were killed by Death Eaters during the course of the Second Wizarding War. Horace Slughorn refers to this in Harry Potter and the Half-Blood Prince
  • It may be that the Order of the Phoenix was inspired by the Fabian Society, where one of J.K. Rowling's professed favourite authors, Edith Nesbit, was a member. The argument is made more likely by the fact that several original members of the Order of the Phoenix seem to be named after members of the Fabian Society: Emmeline Vance for Emmeline Pankhurst, Fabian Prewett for the Fabian Society itself, Sturgis Podmore for Frank Podmore, and Kingsley Shacklebolt for Kingsley Martin. The Fabian Society's members were also closely associated with a magical association called the Order of the Golden Dawn.
  • It was also mentioned that Albus Dumbledore named the Order of the Phoenix after Fawkes, his pet Phoenix.
  • In J.K. Rowling's early plot outlines of Harry Potter and the Order of the Phoenix (http://chandlermariecraig.files.wordpress.com/2010/10/rowling_outline2.gif) it seems that the titles of the Order of the Phoenix and Dumbledore's Army were swapped - the Order of the Phoenix being the group Harry, Ron and Hermione set up at Hogwarts, whilst Dumbledore's Army being Dumbledore's original army in the First Wizarding War.

Appearances

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Notes and references

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.5 Harry Potter and the Order of the Phoenix
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows
  3. Harry Potter and the Prisoner of Azkaban
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 Harry Potter and the Goblet of Fire
  5. 5.0 5.1 Harry Potter and the Half-Blood Prince
  6. 6.0 6.1 6.2 6.3 6.4 6.5 6.6 An individual is an assumed member, rather than an ally, when he or she actively participated in an Order of the Phoenix operation, rather than assisting the Order more indirectly or as part of another organisation.
  7. Harry Potter and the Philosopher's Stone
  8. Harry Potter and the Chamber of Secrets
  9. Bill was born in 1970, which is approximately when the war began, and Ginny was born in 1981, two months before the end of the war.
Order of the Phoenix
Phoenix
Founder:
Albus Dumbledore
Original Order of of the Phoenix:
Aberforth Dumbledore | Alastor Moody | Alice Longbottom | Arabella Figg | Benjy Fenwick | Caradoc Dearborn | Dedalus Diggle | Dorcas Meadowes | Edgar Bones | Elphias Doge | Emmeline Vance | Fabian Prewett | Frank Longbottom | Gideon Prewett | Hestia Jones (possibly) | James Potter | Lily Potter | Marlene McKinnon | Minerva McGonagall | Mundungus Fletcher | Peter Pettigrew (defected) | Remus Lupin | Rubeus Hagrid | Severus Snape | Sirius Black | Sturgis Podmore
Reconstituted Order of the Phoenix:
Aberforth Dumbledore | Alastor Moody | Arabella Figg | Arthur Weasley | Bill Weasley | Charlie Weasley | Dedalus Diggle | Elphias Doge | Emmeline Vance | Fleur Delacour | Fred Weasley | George Weasley | Harry Potter | Hermione Granger | Hestia Jones | Kingsley Shacklebolt | Minerva McGonagall | Molly Weasley | Mundungus Fletcher | Nymphadora Tonks | Remus Lupin | Ron Weasley | Rubeus Hagrid | Severus Snape | Sirius Black | Sturgis Podmore
Order of the Phoenix allies:
Andromeda Tonks | Augusta Longbottom | Dobby | Filius Flitwick | Ginny Weasley | Grawp | Horace Slughorn | Kreacher | Lee Jordan | Luna Lovegood | Muriel |
Neville Longbottom | Oliver Wood | Olympe Maxime | Percy Weasley | Pomona Sprout | Ted Tonks | Westinburgh family | Winky | Karkus | Karkus's wife
Other affiliations:
Dumbledore's Army | Forbidden Forest Centaur colony | Headless Hunt | Hogwarts Hippogriff herd | Hogwarts house-elves | Hogwarts Ghosts | Hogwarts Staff |
Hogwarts students | Hogwarts Thestral herd | Ministry of Magic | Giant colony (Karkus's control)

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