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{{Organisation infobox
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{{Pottermoreold}}
|name=Order of Merlin
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{{Youmay|the prestigious award|[[Order of Merlin (organisation)|the organisation founded by Merlin in the Middle Ages]]}}
|image=[[File:Merlin Gold.jpg|250px]]
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The '''Order of Merlin''' (abbreviated '''O.M.''') was an award bestowed upon [[Wizardkind|wizards and witches]] who had achieved great things. It had three different levels: First Class, Second Class, and Third Class.
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|founder=[[Merlin]]
 
|founded=In the [[Middle Ages]]
 
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|first=''[[Harry Potter and the Philosopher's Stone]]'' {{mention}}
 
|latest=''[[Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows]]'' {{mention}}
 
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[[File:Merlin1.jpg|thumb|right|180px|[[Merlin]], founder of the Order of Merlin, which was originally an organisation, not an award.]]
 
The '''Order of Merlin''' is an award bestowed upon [[Wizardkind|wizards and witches]] who have achieved great deeds. It has three different levels: First Class, Second Class, and Third Class.
 
   
 
==History==
 
==History==
The Order of Merlin was founded by [[Merlin]] in the [[Middle Ages]] as an organisation with the goal of promoting laws to protect and benefit [[Muggle]]s.<ref>[[Chocolate Frog Cards|Famous Wizard Card]] ([[Merlin]])</ref> It is unknown when the Order changed from an organisation to an award or when its focus shifted from advocating Muggle rights to honouring great wizarding accomplishments in general.
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[[File:Merlin1.jpg|thumb|right|180px|[[Merlin]], the most famous wizard of his era, for whom the Order of Merlin award was named.]]
  +
An organisation called the [[Order of Merlin (organisation)|Order of Merlin]] was founded by [[Merlin]] in the [[Middle Ages]].<ref name="merlinfwc">[[Chocolate Frog Cards|Famous Wizard Card]] ([[Merlin]])</ref> Merlin believed that [[wizardkind|wizards and witches]] should help [[Muggle]]s, and, thus, the Order of Merlin established rules against the use of [[magic]] on Muggles.<ref name="merlinfwc" />
  +
  +
The award known as the Order of Merlin was created in commemoration of Merlin and was first given out by the [[Wizengamot]] in the [[15th century]].<ref name="pottermore-ordermerlin">[[Pottermore]] - [http://www.pottermore.com/en/book6/chapter30/moment1/order-of-merlin New from J.K. Rowling: "Order of Merlin"]</ref> It is unknown whether this award was connected to the earlier organisation of the same name.
  +
  +
==Appearance and classes==
  +
The Order of Merlin consisted of a "handsome" golden medal which hung on a coloured ribbon indicating its class.<ref name="pottermore-ordermerlin" />
  +
  +
There were three different classes of Order of Merlin that were awarded:
  +
* '''First Class''': Awarded for "acts of outstanding bravery or distinction" in magic. The colour of the ribbon for this class was green, which was believed to represent Merlin's [[Hogwarts]] [[Hogwarts Houses|house]], [[Slytherin]].<ref name="pottermore-ordermerlin" />
  +
* '''Second Class''': Awarded for "achievement or endeavour beyond the ordinary." The colour of the ribbon for this class was purple.<ref name="pottermore-ordermerlin" />
  +
* '''Third Class''': Awarded to individuals who "have made a contribution to our store of knowledge or entertainment." The colour of the ribbon for this class was white.<ref name="pottermore-ordermerlin" />
   
 
==Known recipients==
 
==Known recipients==
 
===Order of Merlin, First Class===
 
===Order of Merlin, First Class===
* [[Sirius Black]]'s grandfather (either [[Arcturus Black III]] or [[Pollux Black]])
+
{| class="wikitable" border="1"
** Awarded for his "services to the [[British Ministry of Magic|Ministry]]", which, according to Sirius, was another way of saying that he had given them a lot of gold. Sirius threw the medal into the rubbish when he was cleaning [[12 Grimmauld Place]].
+
! width="16%" align="center" |Portrait
+
! width="20%" align="center" |Name
* [[Albus Dumbledore]]
+
! width="20%" align="center" |Date
** During the [[Campaign to Discredit Albus Dumbledore and Harry Potter|campaign]] to discredit him, it was suggested by [[Remus Lupin]] that the Ministry would consider taking away the Order of Merlin from Dumbledore.
+
! width="44%" align="center" |Notes
* [[Cornelius Fudge]]
+
|-
** Presumably for his work as [[Minister for Magic]].
+
| align="center" |[[File:PodricBatworthy2.jpg|85px]]
* [[Orabella Nuttley]]
+
| align="center" |[[Podric Batworthy]]
** Awarded for her use of the [[Mending Charm]] to repair the [[Colosseum]] after it was destroyed by an explosion that occurred when a fight broke out between supporters of two broom racers in [[1750s|1754]].<ref name="WBoS">''[[Wonderbook: Book of Spells]]''</ref>
+
| align="center" |Unknown
* [[Peter Pettigrew]]
+
| align="center" |Batworthy held, additionally, the title of [[Grand Sorcerer]], which suggests he was particularly accomplished in magic.<ref name="HPLE">''[[Harry Potter Limited Edition]]'' - ''The Paintings of Hogwarts: Masterpieces from the School of Witchcraft and Wizardry Sets''</ref>
** Awarded (supposedly) posthumously, for his "heroic confrontation," or so it was believed at the time, with [[Sirius Black]]. The medal was given to [[Peter Pettigrew's mother|Pettigrew's mother]]. Pettigrew, not Black, was later revealed to have been the one who betrayed the [[Potter family]], and it is possible his Order of Merlin was retracted as a result.
+
|-
* [[Tilly Toke]]
+
| align="center" |[[File:Arcturus Black III.jpg|85px]]
** Awarded for saving the lives of several [[Muggle]]s during the [[Ilfracombe Incident]] in [[1930s|1932]].
+
| align="center" |[[Arcturus Black III]]
* [[Norvel Twonk]]
+
| align="center" |Between [[1900s|1901]] and [[1991]]
** Awarded posthumously for saving the life of a [[Muggle]] child from a runaway [[manticore]].
+
| align="center" |Awarded for his "services to the [[British Ministry of Magic|Ministry]]", which, according to Sirius, was another way of saying that he had given them a lot of gold. Sirius threw the medal into the garbage when he was cleaning [[12 Grimmauld Place]].
* [[Podric Batworthy]]
+
|-
** Batworthy held, additionally, the title of [[Grand Sorcerer]], which suggests he was particularly accomplished in magic.<ref name="HPLE">''[[Harry Potter Limited Edition]]'' - ''The Paintings of Hogwarts: Masterpieces from the School of Witchcraft and Wizardry Sets''</ref>
+
| align="center" |[[File:Albus Dumbledore (HBP promo) 1.jpg|85px]]
  +
| align="center" |[[Albus Dumbledore]]
  +
| align="center" |[[1940s|1945]]<br/><small>[[Leonard Spencer-Moon|Minister Leonard Spencer-Moon]]</small>
  +
| align="center" |Awarded for his defeat of the dark wizard [[Gellert Grindelwald]], effectively putting an end to the [[global wizarding war]]. During the [[Campaign to Discredit Albus Dumbledore and Harry Potter|campaign]] to discredit him, it was suggested by [[Remus Lupin]] that the Ministry would consider taking away the Order of Merlin from Dumbledore. Dumbledore claimed that he didn't care as long as he wasn't taken off of the [[Chocolate Frog Cards]]. However, when Dumbledore's credibility was restored, the Ministry's consideration to retract the medal was cancelled.
  +
|-
  +
| align="center" |[[File:INb P9CXong.jpg|85px]]
  +
| align="center" |[[Cornelius Fudge]]
  +
| align="center" |Between [[1990]] and [[1995]]<br/><small>[[Cornelius Fudge|Minister Cornelius Fudge]]</small>
  +
| align="center" |Presumably for his work as [[Minister for Magic]]; awarded by Fudge to himself, which caused controversy in the wizarding community.<ref name="pottermore-ordermerlin" />
  +
|-
  +
| align="center" |[[File:1Remus.jpg|85px]]
  +
| align="center" |[[Remus Lupin]]
  +
| align="center" |[[1998]]<br/><small>[[Kingsley Shacklebolt|Minister Kingsley Shacklebolt]]</small>
  +
| align="center" |Awarded posthumously for his role as a member of the [[Order of the Phoenix]] and for his death during the [[Battle of Hogwarts]]. Remus was the first werewolf ever to be accorded this honour.<ref name="PML">[[Pottermore]] - [http://www.pottermore.com/en/book3/chapter22/moment1/remus-lupin New From J.K. Rowling - "Remus Lupin"]</ref>
  +
|-
  +
| align="center" |[[File:OrabellaNuttley.png|85px]]
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| align="center" |[[Orabella Nuttley]]
  +
| align="center" |[[1750s|1754]]<br/><small>[[Hesphaestus Gore|Minister Hesphaestus Gore]]</small>
  +
| align="center" |Awarded for her use of the [[Mending Charm]] to repair the [[Colosseum]] after it was destroyed by an explosion that occurred when a fight broke out between supporters of two broom racers in [[1750s|1754]].<ref name="WBoS">''[[Wonderbook: Book of Spells]]''</ref>
  +
|-
  +
| align="center" |[[File:Pettigrew COS UE booklet 1.jpg|85px]]
  +
| align="center" |[[Peter Pettigrew]]
  +
| align="center" |[[1981]]<br/><small>[[Millicent Bagnold|Minister Millicent Bagnold]]</small>
  +
| align="center" |Awarded posthumously (or so it was believed at the time) for a "heroic confrontation" with [[Sirius Black]]. The medal was given to [[Peter Pettigrew's mother|Pettigrew's mother]]. Pettigrew, not Black, was later revealed to have been the one who betrayed the [[Potter family]].
  +
|-
  +
| align="center" |[[File:Tilly Toke.jpg|85px]]
  +
| align="center" |[[Tilly Toke]] and her family
  +
| align="center" |[[1930s|1932]]<br/><small>[[Hector Fawley|Minister Hector Fawley]]</small>
  +
| align="center" |Awarded for saving the lives of several [[Muggle]]s during the [[Ilfracombe Incident]] in [[1930s|1932]].
  +
|-
  +
| align="center" |[[File:Norvel Twonk.jpg|85px]]
  +
| align="center" |[[Norvel Twonk]]
  +
| align="center" |[[1950s|1957]]<br/><small>[[Wilhelmina Tuft|Minister Wilhelmina Tuft]]</small>
  +
| align="center" |Awarded posthumously for saving the life of a [[Muggle]] child from a runaway [[manticore]].
  +
|-
  +
|}
   
 
===Order of Merlin, Second Class===
 
===Order of Merlin, Second Class===
* [[Newton Scamander|Newt Scamander]]
+
{| class="wikitable" border="1"
** Awarded "in recognition of his services to the study of magical beasts, [[Magizoology]]".
+
! width="16%" align="center" |Portrait
  +
! width="20%" align="center" |Name
  +
! width="20%" align="center" |Date
  +
! width="44%" align="center" |Notes
  +
|-
  +
| align="center" |[[File:Newt Scamander USA Card.jpg|85px]]
  +
| align="center" |[[Newton Scamander]]
  +
| align="center" |[[1979]]<br/><small>[[Harold Minchum|Minister Harold Minchum]]</small>
  +
| align="center" |Awarded "in recognition of his services to the study of magical beasts, [[Magizoology]]".
  +
|}
   
 
===Order of Merlin, Third Class===
 
===Order of Merlin, Third Class===
* [[Gilderoy Lockhart]]
+
{| class="wikitable" border="1"
** He received this award for his encounter with many dark creatures and instructing people on how to repel them. In [[1993]], it was revealed that he had only taken credit for these deeds and had not really done any of them. This might have led to his Order's retraction.
+
! width="16%" align="center" |Portrait
  +
! width="20%" align="center" |Name
  +
! width="20%" align="center" |Date
  +
! width="44%" align="center" |Notes
  +
|-
  +
| align="center" |[[File:LockhartCos.PNG|85px]]
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| align="center" |[[Gilderoy Lockhart]]
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| align="center" |Between [[1982]] and [[1992]]<br/><small>[[Millicent Bagnold|Minister Millicent Bagnold]]<br/>or<br/>[[Cornelius Fudge|Minister Cornelius Fudge]]</small>
  +
| align="center" |He received this award for his encounters with many dark creatures and for penning his [[Gilderoy Lockhart's collected works|autobiographic works]] instructing people on how to repel them. In [[1993]], it was revealed that he had only taken credit for these deeds and had not really done any of them.
  +
|}
   
 
===Recipients of unknown class===
 
===Recipients of unknown class===
* [[Damocles]]
+
{| class="wikitable" border="1"
** May have been awarded for his invention of the [[werewolf|lycanthropy]]-treating [[Wolfsbane Potion]].<ref>[[Horace Slughorn]] states in ''[[Harry Potter and the Half-Blood Prince]]'', Chapter 7, "I was just telling young [[Marcus Belby|Marcus]] here that I had the pleasure of teaching his Uncle Damocles. Outstanding wizard, outstanding, and his Order of Merlin most well-deserved."</ref>
+
! width="16%" align="center" |Portrait
* [[Cottismore Croyne]]
+
! width="20%" align="center" |Name
** May have been awarded for his tenure as [[Supreme Mugwump]] of the [[International Confederation of Wizards]].
+
! width="20%" align="center" |Date
* [[Albert Gibbering Stump]]
+
! width="44%" align="center" |Notes
** For unknown reasons.
+
|-
  +
| align="center" |[[File:CottonmoreCrome.jpg|85px]]
  +
| align="center" |[[Cottismore Croyne]]
  +
| align="center" |Unknown
  +
| align="center" |May have been awarded for his tenure as [[Supreme Mugwump]] of the [[International Confederation of Wizards]].
  +
|-
  +
| align="center" |[[File:AlbertGibberingStump2.jpg|85px]]
  +
| align="center" |[[Albert Gibbering Stump]]
  +
| align="center" |Between [[1660s|1662]] and [[1700s|1700]]<br/><small>[[Wizards' Council]]</small>
  +
| align="center" |For unknown reasons.
  +
|-
  +
| align="center" |
  +
| align="center" |[[Damocles]]
  +
| align="center" |Sometime after the mid-[[1970s]]<ref>''[[Harry Potter and the Prisoner of Azkaban]]'' - Chapter 18 (''Moony, Wormtail, Padfoot and Prongs''), page 258 "The Potion that Professor Snape has been making is a very recent discovery...Before the Wolfsbane Potion was discovered, however, I became a fully fledged monster once a month [when I went to Hogwarts]"</ref>
  +
| align="center" |May have been awarded for his invention of the [[werewolf|lycanthropy]]-treating [[Wolfsbane Potion]].<ref>[[Horace Slughorn]] states in ''[[Harry Potter and the Half-Blood Prince]]'', Chapter 7, "I was just telling young [[Marcus Belby|Marcus]] here that I had the pleasure of teaching his Uncle Damocles. Outstanding wizard, outstanding, and his Order of Merlin most well-deserved."</ref>
  +
|}
   
 
==Possible recipients==
 
==Possible recipients==
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==Behind the scenes==
 
==Behind the scenes==
 
* The "Muggle" counterpart to the Order of Merlin could include the [[Wikipedia:Order of the British Empire|Order of the British Empire]], [[Wikipedia:Victoria Cross|Victoria Cross]], [[Wikipedia:Medal of Honor|Medal of Honor]], [[Wikipedia:Presidential Medal of Freedom|Presidential Medal of Freedom]], or the [[Wikipedia:Nobel Prize|Nobel Prize]].
 
* The "Muggle" counterpart to the Order of Merlin could include the [[Wikipedia:Order of the British Empire|Order of the British Empire]], [[Wikipedia:Victoria Cross|Victoria Cross]], [[Wikipedia:Medal of Honor|Medal of Honor]], [[Wikipedia:Presidential Medal of Freedom|Presidential Medal of Freedom]], or the [[Wikipedia:Nobel Prize|Nobel Prize]].
* Since 1966, the [http://www.magician.org International Brotherhood of Magicians] has been awarding the [http://www.magician.org/portal/en/node/290 Order of Merlin] to long-standing members.
+
* Since 1966, the [http://www.magician.org International Brotherhood of Magicians] has been awarding its own [http://www.magician.org/portal/en/node/290 Order of Merlin] to long-standing members.
* Since Dumbledore was on the verge of losing his Order of Merlin during Fudge's campaign, it means that a certain level of disgrace is capable of causing a recipient to lose the Order. Pettigrew indeed lost his when his treason became public.
+
* Since Dumbledore was on the verge of losing his Order of Merlin during Fudge's campaign, it means that a certain level of disgrace is capable of causing a recipient to lose the Order of Merlin.
* As Fudge was heavily disgraced for his lack of actions against Lord Voldemort's [[Return of the Dark Lord|return]], it is possible that his Order has been retracted.
+
* As Fudge was heavily disgraced for his lack of actions against Lord Voldemort's [[Return of the Dark Lord|return]], and because of Pettigrew's act of treason, it's possible that their Orders of Merlin has been retracted.
* Due to Lockhart being a fraudulent crook who stole credits from other wizards and witches to boost his own fame, it is most likely he earned his Order with deceit and trickery. It is unknown if it was retracted when his true colours were revealed.
+
* Due to Lockhart being a fraudulent crook who stole credits from other wizards and witches to boost his own fame, it's most likely he earned his Order of Merlin with deceit and trickery. It's unknown if it was retracted when his true colours were revealed.
   
 
==Appearances==
 
==Appearances==
Line 61: Line 61:
 
*''[[Harry Potter and the Order of the Phoenix]]'' {{Mention}}
 
*''[[Harry Potter and the Order of the Phoenix]]'' {{Mention}}
 
*''[[Harry Potter and the Half-Blood Prince]]'' {{Mention}}
 
*''[[Harry Potter and the Half-Blood Prince]]'' {{Mention}}
*''[[Pottermore]]'' {{Mention}}
+
*''[[Pottermore]]''
   
 
==Notes and references==
 
==Notes and references==
 
{{Reflist}}
 
{{Reflist}}
   
  +
[[es:Orden de Merlín]]
 
[[fr:Ordre de Merlin]]
 
[[fr:Ordre de Merlin]]
 
[[pl:Order Merlina]]
 
[[pl:Order Merlina]]
  +
[[ru:Орден Мерлина]]
 
[[Category:Order of Merlin]]
 
[[Category:Order of Merlin]]
  +
[[Category:Awards]]

Latest revision as of 00:48, July 18, 2015

The Order of Merlin (abbreviated O.M.) was an award bestowed upon wizards and witches who had achieved great things. It had three different levels: First Class, Second Class, and Third Class.

HistoryEdit

Merlin1

Merlin, the most famous wizard of his era, for whom the Order of Merlin award was named.

An organisation called the Order of Merlin was founded by Merlin in the Middle Ages.[1] Merlin believed that wizards and witches should help Muggles, and, thus, the Order of Merlin established rules against the use of magic on Muggles.[1]

The award known as the Order of Merlin was created in commemoration of Merlin and was first given out by the Wizengamot in the 15th century.[2] It is unknown whether this award was connected to the earlier organisation of the same name.

Appearance and classesEdit

The Order of Merlin consisted of a "handsome" golden medal which hung on a coloured ribbon indicating its class.[2]

There were three different classes of Order of Merlin that were awarded:

  • First Class: Awarded for "acts of outstanding bravery or distinction" in magic. The colour of the ribbon for this class was green, which was believed to represent Merlin's Hogwarts house, Slytherin.[2]
  • Second Class: Awarded for "achievement or endeavour beyond the ordinary." The colour of the ribbon for this class was purple.[2]
  • Third Class: Awarded to individuals who "have made a contribution to our store of knowledge or entertainment." The colour of the ribbon for this class was white.[2]

Known recipientsEdit

Order of Merlin, First ClassEdit

Portrait Name Date Notes
PodricBatworthy2 Podric Batworthy Unknown Batworthy held, additionally, the title of Grand Sorcerer, which suggests he was particularly accomplished in magic.[3]
Arcturus Black III Arcturus Black III Between 1901 and 1991 Awarded for his "services to the Ministry", which, according to Sirius, was another way of saying that he had given them a lot of gold. Sirius threw the medal into the garbage when he was cleaning 12 Grimmauld Place.
Albus Dumbledore (HBP promo) 1 Albus Dumbledore 1945
Minister Leonard Spencer-Moon
Awarded for his defeat of the dark wizard Gellert Grindelwald, effectively putting an end to the global wizarding war. During the campaign to discredit him, it was suggested by Remus Lupin that the Ministry would consider taking away the Order of Merlin from Dumbledore. Dumbledore claimed that he didn't care as long as he wasn't taken off of the Chocolate Frog Cards. However, when Dumbledore's credibility was restored, the Ministry's consideration to retract the medal was cancelled.
INb P9CXong Cornelius Fudge Between 1990 and 1995
Minister Cornelius Fudge
Presumably for his work as Minister for Magic; awarded by Fudge to himself, which caused controversy in the wizarding community.[2]
1Remus Remus Lupin 1998
Minister Kingsley Shacklebolt
Awarded posthumously for his role as a member of the Order of the Phoenix and for his death during the Battle of Hogwarts. Remus was the first werewolf ever to be accorded this honour.[4]
OrabellaNuttley Orabella Nuttley 1754
Minister Hesphaestus Gore
Awarded for her use of the Mending Charm to repair the Colosseum after it was destroyed by an explosion that occurred when a fight broke out between supporters of two broom racers in 1754.[5]
Pettigrew COS UE booklet 1 Peter Pettigrew 1981
Minister Millicent Bagnold
Awarded posthumously (or so it was believed at the time) for a "heroic confrontation" with Sirius Black. The medal was given to Pettigrew's mother. Pettigrew, not Black, was later revealed to have been the one who betrayed the Potter family.
Tilly Toke Tilly Toke and her family 1932
Minister Hector Fawley
Awarded for saving the lives of several Muggles during the Ilfracombe Incident in 1932.
Norvel Twonk Norvel Twonk 1957
Minister Wilhelmina Tuft
Awarded posthumously for saving the life of a Muggle child from a runaway manticore.

Order of Merlin, Second ClassEdit

Portrait Name Date Notes
Newt Scamander USA Card Newton Scamander 1979
Minister Harold Minchum
Awarded "in recognition of his services to the study of magical beasts, Magizoology".

Order of Merlin, Third ClassEdit

Portrait Name Date Notes
LockhartCos Gilderoy Lockhart Between 1982 and 1992
Minister Millicent Bagnold
or
Minister Cornelius Fudge
He received this award for his encounters with many dark creatures and for penning his autobiographic works instructing people on how to repel them. In 1993, it was revealed that he had only taken credit for these deeds and had not really done any of them.

Recipients of unknown classEdit

Portrait Name Date Notes
CottonmoreCrome Cottismore Croyne Unknown May have been awarded for his tenure as Supreme Mugwump of the International Confederation of Wizards.
AlbertGibberingStump2 Albert Gibbering Stump Between 1662 and 1700
Wizards' Council
For unknown reasons.
Damocles Sometime after the mid-1970s[6] May have been awarded for his invention of the lycanthropy-treating Wolfsbane Potion.[7]

Possible recipientsEdit

  • Cornelius Fudge promised to give Severus Snape the Order of Merlin, First Class, for capturing Sirius Black, then assumed to be a fugitive murderer, but Black escaped before Fudge could follow through on his word. It was later stated that the loss of this Order of Merlin hit Snape hard, and allegedly was the reason that he let it slip that Remus Lupin was a werewolf.

Behind the scenesEdit

  • The "Muggle" counterpart to the Order of Merlin could include the Order of the British Empire, Victoria Cross, Medal of Honor, Presidential Medal of Freedom, or the Nobel Prize.
  • Since 1966, the International Brotherhood of Magicians has been awarding its own Order of Merlin to long-standing members.
  • Since Dumbledore was on the verge of losing his Order of Merlin during Fudge's campaign, it means that a certain level of disgrace is capable of causing a recipient to lose the Order of Merlin.
  • As Fudge was heavily disgraced for his lack of actions against Lord Voldemort's return, and because of Pettigrew's act of treason, it's possible that their Orders of Merlin has been retracted.
  • Due to Lockhart being a fraudulent crook who stole credits from other wizards and witches to boost his own fame, it's most likely he earned his Order of Merlin with deceit and trickery. It's unknown if it was retracted when his true colours were revealed.

AppearancesEdit

Notes and referencesEdit

  1. 1.0 1.1 Famous Wizard Card (Merlin)
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 2.4 2.5 Pottermore - New from J.K. Rowling: "Order of Merlin"
  3. Harry Potter Limited Edition - The Paintings of Hogwarts: Masterpieces from the School of Witchcraft and Wizardry Sets
  4. Pottermore - New From J.K. Rowling - "Remus Lupin"
  5. Wonderbook: Book of Spells
  6. Harry Potter and the Prisoner of Azkaban - Chapter 18 (Moony, Wormtail, Padfoot and Prongs), page 258 "The Potion that Professor Snape has been making is a very recent discovery...Before the Wolfsbane Potion was discovered, however, I became a fully fledged monster once a month [when I went to Hogwarts]"
  7. Horace Slughorn states in Harry Potter and the Half-Blood Prince, Chapter 7, "I was just telling young Marcus here that I had the pleasure of teaching his Uncle Damocles. Outstanding wizard, outstanding, and his Order of Merlin most well-deserved."

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