The Near East was a term used to indicate a geographical area comprising much of Western Asia.[1] It was roughly equivalent to the later term Middle East, but was variously defined as including Egypt and parts of North Africa.[1]

The plenary session of the Near East Peace Conference was held on 6 December 1926.[2][3] During this conference, Richard Washburn Child, the U.S. ambassador to Italy, reaffirmed that U.S. diplomats were "interested" in "Near East settlement," but were only authorised to act as observers in the peace process.[2][3]

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