The Middle Ages of European history (adjective form mediaeval or medieval) are a period in history which lasted for roughly a millennium, commonly dated from the fall of the Western Roman Empire in the 5th century to the beginning of the Early Modern Period in the 15th century marked by the division of Western Christianity in the Reformation, the rise of humanism in the Italian Renaissance, and the beginnings of European overseas expansion. There is some variation in the dating of the edges of these periods which is due mainly to differences in specialisation and focus of individual scholars.
- In 1473 the first Quidditch World Cup was held.
- The Wizard's Council was being held before the Ministry of Magic in England.
During the middle ages, the following wizards and witches were known to have been alive:
- Alberta Toothill (1391–1483)
- Bridget Wenlock (1202–1285)
- Chauncey Oldridge (1342–1379)
- Cornelius Agrippa (1486–1535)
- Cyprian Youdle (1312–1357)
- Emeric the Evil
- Egbert the Egregious
- Godric Gryffindor
- Helga Hufflepuff
- Rowena Ravenclaw
- Salazar Slytherin
- Ignatia Wildsmith (1227–1320)
- St Hedwig
- St Mungo's healer
During the Middle Ages, beautiful pieces of art were produced, amongst them some tapestries, like the Slytherin Dungeon tapestries, Black Family Tapestry and tapestry depicting The Lady and the Unicorn.