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{{Pottermore}}
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{{Object infobox
 
{{Object infobox
 
|name=The Marauder's Map
 
|name=The Marauder's Map
 
|image=[[File:Marauder'sMap.png|250px]]
 
|image=[[File:Marauder'sMap.png|250px]]
|manufacturer=[[Marauders|The Marauders]]
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|manufacturer=The [[Marauders]]
 
|made=Between [[1975]] and [[1978]]
 
|made=Between [[1975]] and [[1978]]
 
|usage=*Map of [[Hogwarts Castle]]
 
|usage=*Map of [[Hogwarts Castle]]
 
*Shows seven secret passageways from Hogwarts into Hogsmeade
 
*Shows seven secret passageways from Hogwarts into Hogsmeade
 
*Shows what everyone in the grounds is doing every minute of every day
 
*Shows what everyone in the grounds is doing every minute of every day
|owners=*[[Marauders|The Marauders]] †
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|owners=*The [[Marauders]] †
 
*[[Argus Filch]]
 
*[[Argus Filch]]
 
*[[Fred Weasley|Fred]] † and [[George Weasley]]
 
*[[Fred Weasley|Fred]] † and [[George Weasley]]
 
*[[Harry Potter]]
 
*[[Harry Potter]]
*[[Bartemius Crouch Jr.|Barty Crouch Jr.]] † {{Comment|as [[Alastor Moody]]}} {{comment|briefly}}
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*[[Remus Lupin]] † {{comment|briefly}}
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*[[Bartemius Crouch Jr.|Barty Crouch Jr]] † {{Comment|as [[Alastor Moody]]}} {{comment|briefly}}
 
*[[James Potter II]]
 
*[[James Potter II]]
 
}}
 
}}
{{Quote|Messrs. Moony, Wormtail, Padfoot, and Prongs<br>Purveyors of Aids to Magical Mischief-Makers<br>are proud to present<br>THE MARAUDER'S MAP|The Marauder's Map|Harry Potter and the Prisoner of Azkaban}}
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{{Quote|Messrs Moony, Wormtail, Padfoot, and Prongs<br>Purveyors of Aids to Magical Mischief-Makers<br>are proud to present<br>THE MARAUDER'S MAP|The Marauder's Map|Harry Potter and the Prisoner of Azkaban}}
   
The '''Marauder's Map''' is a [[magic]]al document that reveals all of [[Hogwarts School of Witchcraft and Wizardry]]. Not only does it show every classroom, every hallway, and every corner of the [[Hogwarts Castle|castle]], but it also shows every inch of the grounds, as well as all the secret passages that are hidden within its walls and the location of every person in the grounds, portrayed by a dot. It is also capable of accurately identifying each person, and is not fooled by [[animagus|animagi]], [[polyjuice potion]]s, or [[invisibility cloak]]s; even the Hogwarts ghosts are not exempted from this. The Map's only possible flaw lies in the fact that it cannot differentiate people who bear similar names (the shared names aren't given a Junior or Senior at the end). It can also reveal secret passages the Marauders found, though it only did this on one known occasion (in his [[third year]], [[Harry Potter]] was shown how to use the statue of the humpbacked witch to enter Hogsmeade Village).
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The '''Marauder's Map''' is a [[magic]]al document that reveals all of [[Hogwarts School of Witchcraft and Wizardry]]. Not only does it show every classroom, every hallway, and every corner of the [[Hogwarts Castle|castle]], but it also shows every inch of the grounds, as well as all the secret passages that are hidden within its walls and the location of every person in the grounds, portrayed by a dot. It is also capable of accurately identifying each person, and is not fooled by [[animagus|animagi]], [[polyjuice potion]]s, or [[invisibility cloak]]s; even the Hogwarts [[ghost]]s are not exempt from this.
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One of the map's possible flaws lies in the fact that it cannot differentiate people who bear similar names (the shared names are not given a Junior or Senior at the end). Also, it does not seem to show unplottable rooms, since it was Dobby and not the map that showed where the Room of Requirement was or even existed. The Chamber of Secrets never appeared on the map; this could be because the creators never knew of it, or it could be unplottable as well, since when Ron and Hermione were in it collecting [[basilisk]] fangs, they did not appear on the map, like people did not appear when in the Room of Requirement.
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The map can also reveal secret passages the Marauders found, though it only did this on one known occasion (in his [[third year]], [[Harry Potter]] was shown how to use the statue of the humpbacked witch to enter [[Hogsmeade|Hogsmeade Village]]).
   
 
==History==
 
==History==
 
===Creation===
 
===Creation===
[[File:The_Marauders.png|thumb|left|The [[Marauders]]]]
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{{Quote|The [[magic]] used in the map's creation is advanced and impressive; it includes the [[Homonculous Charm]], enabling the possessor of the map to track the movements of every person in the castle, and it was also [[Charm to insult Severus Snape|enchanted to forever repel (as insultingly as possible) the curiosity of their nemesis]], [[Severus Snape]].|Description of the magic involved in the map's creation|Pottermore}}
 
{{Quote|The [[magic]] used in the map's creation is advanced and impressive; it includes the [[Homonculous Charm]], enabling the possessor of the map to track the movements of every person in the castle, and it was also [[Charm to insult Severus Snape|enchanted to forever repel (as insultingly as possible) the curiosity of their nemesis]], [[Severus Snape]].|Description of the magic involved in the map's creation|Pottermore}}
The Marauder's Map was created by [[Remus Lupin]] (Moony), [[Peter Pettigrew]] (Wormtail), [[Sirius Black]] (Padfoot), and [[James Potter I|James Potter]] (Prongs) while they were attending Hogwarts. The map was created between [[1975]] and [[1978]], because the titles on the map refer to the nicknames of these four men in their [[Animagus]] forms, and [[Remus Lupin|Lupin]] in [[werewolf]] form, respectively. The four created the map via the usage of the [[Homonculous Charm]], a powerful and advanced [[charm]] that enchanted the map to track the movements of everyone in the castle, as well as a [[charm to insult Severus Snape]]. This artefact proved quite useful to the foursome (commonly termed "the [[Marauders]]") through the years, until it was confiscated by [[Argus Filch]] in their final year at Hogwarts.<ref name="pottermorenew">''[[Pottermore]]'' - [http://www.pottermore.com/en/book3/chapter10/moment1/marauders-map New from J. K. Rowling - The Marauder's Map]</ref>
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[[File:The_Marauders.png|thumb|left|230px|Sirius, James, Remus and Peter]]
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The Marauder's Map was created by [[Remus Lupin]] (Moony), [[Peter Pettigrew]] (Wormtail), [[Sirius Black]] (Padfoot), and [[James Potter I|James Potter]] (Prongs) while they were attending Hogwarts. The map was created between [[1975]] and [[1978]], because the titles on the map refer to the nicknames of these men in their [[Animagus]] forms, and, in Lupin's case, [[werewolf]] form. The four created the map via the usage of the [[Homonculous Charm]], a powerful and advanced [[charm]] that enchanted the map to track the movements of everyone in the castle, as well as a [[charm to insult Severus Snape]]. This artefact proved quite useful to the foursome (commonly termed "the [[Marauders]]") through the years, until it was confiscated by [[Argus Filch]] in their final year at Hogwarts.<ref name="pottermorenew">''[[Pottermore]]'' - [http://www.pottermore.com/en/book3/chapter10/moment1/marauders-map New from J. K. Rowling - The Marauder's Map]</ref>
   
 
===Fred and George Weasley===
 
===Fred and George Weasley===
 
{{Quote|This little beauty's taught us more than all the [[Professor|teachers]] in this school.|[[Fred Weasley]] on the Marauder's Map|Harry Potter and the Prisoner of Azkaban}}
 
{{Quote|This little beauty's taught us more than all the [[Professor|teachers]] in this school.|[[Fred Weasley]] on the Marauder's Map|Harry Potter and the Prisoner of Azkaban}}
[[Fred and George Weasley]] "nicked" the map from [[Hogwarts Caretaker's Office|Filch's office]] in their first year at Hogwarts. They had been taken to his Office for letting off a Dungbomb and saw a drawer marked Confiscated and Highly Dangerous. George dropped another Dungbomb, while Fred stole the Map from the drawer. They had to experiment with it in order to learn how to get it to work, but it gave them clues, "flickering into life here and there" when they came close to the activating phrase, until finally they got it exactly. Because of this map, the twins memorized the secret passageways of [[Hogwarts School of Witchcraft and Wizardry|Hogwarts]] which they used for quite a few of their many pranks. <ref>[http://www.accio-quote.org/articles/2005/0705-tlc_mugglenet-anelli-3.htm July 2005 Leaky Cauldron/MuggleNet interview]</ref> In Harry Potter's third year at Hogwarts Fred and George (probably out of gratitude for Harry saving their sister the previous year) gave the map to [[Harry Potter|Harry]], so that he could go to [[Hogsmeade]] on the weekends, although he had not obtained a permission slip to do so from [[Dursley family|his guardians]], Vernon and Petunia Dursley.
 
   
===[[1993]]-[[1995]] Harry's Usage of The Map===
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[[Fred and George Weasley]] "nicked" the map from [[Hogwarts Caretaker's Office|Filch's office]] in their first year at [[Hogwarts]]. They had been taken to his office for letting off a [[Dungbomb]] and saw a drawer marked "Confiscated and Highly Dangerous". George dropped another Dungbomb, while Fred stole the map from the drawer. They had to experiment with it in order to learn how to get it to work, but it gave them clues, "flickering into life here and there" when they came close to the activating phrase, until finally they got it exactly. Because of this map, the twins memorised the secret passageways of [[Hogwarts School of Witchcraft and Wizardry|Hogwarts]], which they used for quite a few of their many pranks.<ref>[http://www.accio-quote.org/articles/2005/0705-tlc_mugglenet-anelli-3.htm July 2005 Leaky Cauldron/MuggleNet interview]</ref> In [[Harry Potter]]'s third year at Hogwarts, Fred and George gave the map to Harry, so that he could go to [[Hogsmeade]] on the weekends, although he had not obtained a permission slip to do so from [[Dursley family|his guardians]], Vernon and Petunia Dursley.
[[File:Marauder's_Map_insults_Snape.jpg|right|thumb|300px|The Map insults [[Severus Snape]].]]
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{{Quote|Mr. Moony presents his compliments to Professor Snape and begs him to keep his abnormally large nose out of other people's business.<br>Mr. Prongs agrees with Mr. Moony and would like to add that Professor Snape is an ugly git.<br>Mr. Padfoot would like to register his astonishment that an idiot like that ever became a Professor.<br>Mr. Wormtail bids Professor Snape good day, and advises him to wash his hair, the slime-ball.|The Map's response to Severus Snape's attempt to reveal the Map's secrets|Harry Potter and the Prisoner of Azkaban}}
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===Harry's usage of the map===
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{{Quote|Mr Moony presents his compliments to Professor Snape and begs him to keep his abnormally large nose out of other people's business.<br>Mr Prongs agrees with Mr Moony and would like to add that Professor Snape is an ugly git.<br>Mr Padfoot would like to register his astonishment that an idiot like that ever became a Professor.<br>Mr Wormtail bids Professor Snape good day, and advises him to wash his hair, the slime-ball.|The map's response to [[Severus Snape]]'s attempt to reveal the map's secrets|Harry Potter and the Prisoner of Azkaban}}
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[[File:Marauder's_Map_insults_Snape.jpg|thumb|230px|The map insults [[Severus Snape]].]]
   
Harry used the Map throughout his time as a student at [[Hogwarts School of Witchcraft and Wizardry|Hogwarts]], especially during his [[1992–1993 school year|third year]], when he tried to find his way into [[Hogsmeade]]. Then, he used the [[One-Eyed Witch Passage]] which led into [[Honeydukes]] cellar. The map however will insult anyone who doesn't know how to activate it. Professor [[Remus Lupin]] did catch Harry with the map (after Snape found it while interrogating Harry), and subsequently confiscated it, surprising the younger wizard with his knowledge of how to activate it. It was through the map that the professor discovered [[Peter Pettigrew]] was still alive, leading him to conclude it was indeed the latter that had betrayed Harry's parents, in the process framing their old friend [[Sirius Black]] for the crime. This would go a long way towards repairing the rift between the two co-creators of the map. He would return the map to Harry before leaving Hogwarts, at the end of the year.
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Harry used the map throughout his time as a student at [[Hogwarts School of Witchcraft and Wizardry|Hogwarts]], especially during his [[1993–1994 school year|third year]], when he tried to find his way into [[Hogsmeade]]. Then, he used the [[One-Eyed Witch Passage]] which led into [[Honeydukes]] cellar. The map, however, will insult anyone who does not know how to activate it. Professor [[Remus Lupin]] caught Harry with the map (after Snape found it while interrogating Harry), and subsequently confiscated it, surprising the younger wizard with his knowledge of how to activate it. It was through the map that the professor discovered [[Peter Pettigrew]] was still alive, leading him to conclude it was indeed the latter that had betrayed Harry's parents, in the process framing their old friend [[Sirius Black]] for the crime. This would go a long way towards repairing the rift between the two co-creators of the map. He would return the map to Harry before leaving Hogwarts at the end of the year.
   
During his [[1994–1995 school year|fourth year]], [[Harry Potter|Harry]] used the map to help him as he sneaked into the [[prefects' bathroom]] to work on his clue for the Second Task of the [[Triwizard Tournament]]. On his way back, he dropped the map, and it was almost taken by Severus Snape. Harry was saved by [[Bartemius Crouch Jr.|Barty Crouch Jr.]], disguised as [[Professor]] [[Alastor Moody|Alastor "Mad-Eye" Moody]], who pretended it was his. Crouch later asked to borrow the map from Harry, but after Crouch was unmasked, he reclaimed it.
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During his [[1994–1995 school year|fourth year]], [[Harry Potter|Harry]] used the map to help him as he sneaked into the [[prefects' bathroom]] to work on his clue for the Second Task of the [[Triwizard Tournament]]. On his way back, he dropped the map, and it was almost taken by Severus Snape. Harry was saved by [[Bartemius Crouch Jr.|Barty Crouch Jr]], disguised as [[Professor]] [[Alastor Moody|Alastor "Mad-Eye" Moody]], who pretended it was his. Due to the map's flaw, it could not differentiate between the Junior and Senior Crouches. Crouch later asked to borrow the map from Harry, but after Crouch was unmasked, he reclaimed it.
   
===[[1996]]-[[1998]]===
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During Harry's [[1996-1997 school year|sixth year]], he used the map often when he spent a great deal of time obsessing over [[Draco Malfoy]]'s daily activities.
{{Quote|The map never lies.|Sirius Black}}
 
During Harry's [[1996-1997 school year|sixth year]], when he spent a great deal of time obsessing over [[Draco Malfoy]]'s daily activities, he used the map often.
 
   
 
When monitoring [[Draco Malfoy]], Harry found he often disappeared off the map. The cause of this was not revealed until after he asked [[Dobby]] to trail Draco to find out what he was doing when he disappeared off the map. Dobby discovered that Draco was disappearing into the [[Room of Requirement]], which was not on the Marauder's Map. Whether because it was [[Unplottability|Unplottable]] or the Marauders never found the room is unspecified.
 
When monitoring [[Draco Malfoy]], Harry found he often disappeared off the map. The cause of this was not revealed until after he asked [[Dobby]] to trail Draco to find out what he was doing when he disappeared off the map. Dobby discovered that Draco was disappearing into the [[Room of Requirement]], which was not on the Marauder's Map. Whether because it was [[Unplottability|Unplottable]] or the Marauders never found the room is unspecified.
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===Harry Potter's legacy===
 
===Harry Potter's legacy===
After [[Harry Potter]]'s defeat of [[Tom Riddle|Lord Voldemort]] during the [[Battle of Hogwarts]], the map would not have been used for many years. Eventually, [[James Potter II|James Sirius Potter]] would steal the map from [[Harry Potter|his father]]'s desk.<ref>[http://www.accio-quote.org/articles/2007/0730-bloomsbury-chat.html J.K. Rowling and the Live Chat, Bloomsbury.com, 30 July, 2007]</ref>
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After [[Harry Potter]]'s defeat of [[Tom Riddle|Lord Voldemort]] during the [[Battle of Hogwarts]], the map would not have been used for many years. Eventually, [[James Potter II|James Sirius Potter]] would steal the map from his father's desk.<ref>[http://www.accio-quote.org/articles/2007/0730-bloomsbury-chat.html J.K. Rowling and the Live Chat, Bloomsbury.com, 30 July, 2007]</ref>
   
==Use==
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==Usage==
[[File:Marauder's_Map_01.gif|left|frame|The map activating from its blank mode to map.]]
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[[File:Tumblr_m7hvpc03cD1qili3vo7_r1_250.gif|frame|left|The map unfolded]]
 
The map is normally disguised as a blank piece of parchment. To view the map, one must tap it with one's [[wand]] and recite, "''I solemnly swear that I am up to no good.''" The content of the map will reveal itself.
 
The map is normally disguised as a blank piece of parchment. To view the map, one must tap it with one's [[wand]] and recite, "''I solemnly swear that I am up to no good.''" The content of the map will reveal itself.
   
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In some rare cases, the map may not be used to the best of its ability. Heading out through the secret passage from the [[Whomping Willow]] to the [[Shrieking Shack]] will make the person disappear, as [[Severus Snape|Snape]] mentions in the spring of [[1994]], so the [[Shrieking Shack]] is not included on the map because it goes off the edge of the map. It also does not show any person that may be inside the [[Room of Requirement]], as the Room of Requirement is unplottable and it itself does not show up on the map, or the Chamber of Secrets, as it is very unlikely that any of the creators of the map knew of its existence at the time that the map was made.
 
In some rare cases, the map may not be used to the best of its ability. Heading out through the secret passage from the [[Whomping Willow]] to the [[Shrieking Shack]] will make the person disappear, as [[Severus Snape|Snape]] mentions in the spring of [[1994]], so the [[Shrieking Shack]] is not included on the map because it goes off the edge of the map. It also does not show any person that may be inside the [[Room of Requirement]], as the Room of Requirement is unplottable and it itself does not show up on the map, or the Chamber of Secrets, as it is very unlikely that any of the creators of the map knew of its existence at the time that the map was made.
   
Additionally, the map does not differentiate between two people with the same name. This was the case with Barty Crouch Jr., who was simply shown as "Bartemius Crouch" on the map (instead of "Bartemius Crouch Jr"). This lead Harry Potter to believe that [[Barty Crouch Sr.]] was in Hogwarts, when he was actually at his own home at the time.
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Additionally, the map does not differentiate between two people with the same name. This was the case with Barty Crouch Jr, who was simply shown as "Bartemius Crouch" on the map (instead of "Bartemius Crouch Jr"). This lead Harry Potter to believe that [[Barty Crouch Sr.]] was in Hogwarts, when he was actually at his own home at the time.
   
 
Similarly, it identifies [[Animagus|animagi]] by their actual name even when they are in their transformed state. It was by this mechanism that [[Remus Lupin|Lupin]] was able to identify [[Peter Pettigrew]]'s presence at [[Hogwarts]] despite being presumed dead.
 
Similarly, it identifies [[Animagus|animagi]] by their actual name even when they are in their transformed state. It was by this mechanism that [[Remus Lupin|Lupin]] was able to identify [[Peter Pettigrew]]'s presence at [[Hogwarts]] despite being presumed dead.
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===Special abilities of the map===
 
===Special abilities of the map===
The Map also shows how to access the sealed passages by showing the password required to un-seal it (displayed as a minuscule speech balloon shown close to the dot representing the user of the map that appears when the map's holder comes close to the available passages). More importantly, the Map shows the name and location of every person within the Hogwarts grounds, even if they are wearing an [[Cloak of Invisibility|Invisibility cloak]] (as demonstrated when [[Remus Lupin]] saw [[Harry Potter]], [[Ronald Weasley|Ron Weasley]], and [[Hermione Granger]] sneaking to [[Rubeus Hagrid's cabin]] under an [[Cloak of Invisibility|Invisibility cloak]]), transformed [[Animagus|animagi]] (evidenced by [[Remus Lupin|Lupin]] seeing [[Peter Pettigrew]] return to the school grounds from Hagrid's, despite being disguised as the rat [[Peter Pettigrew|Scabbers]] at the time), or under the influence of the [[Polyjuice Potion]] (as demonstrated when [[Harry Potter|Harry]] saw [[Bartemius Crouch Jr.|Barty Crouch Jr.]], at the time disguised as [[Alastor Moody]], ransacking Snape's office for more Polyjuice ingredients).
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The map also shows how to access the sealed passages by showing the password required to unseal it (displayed as a minuscule speech balloon shown close to the dot representing the user of the map that appears when the map's holder comes close to the available passages). More importantly, the map shows the name and location of every person within the Hogwarts grounds, even if they are wearing an [[Cloak of Invisibility|Invisibility cloak]] (as demonstrated when [[Remus Lupin]] saw [[Harry Potter]], [[Ronald Weasley|Ron Weasley]], and [[Hermione Granger]] sneaking to [[Rubeus Hagrid's cabin]] under Harry's Invisibility cloak), transformed [[Animagus|animagi]] (evidenced by Lupin seeing [[Peter Pettigrew]] return to the school grounds from Hagrid's, despite being disguised as the rat Scabbers at the time), or under the influence of the [[Polyjuice Potion]] (as demonstrated when Harry saw [[Bartemius Crouch Jr.|Barty Crouch Jr]], at the time disguised as [[Alastor Moody]], ransacking Snape's office for more Polyjuice ingredients).
[[File:Hpexhibit001.jpg|thumb]]
 
   
 
==Behind the scenes==
 
==Behind the scenes==
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[[File:Hpexhibit001.jpg|thumb|The Marauder's Map in a Harry Potter exhibit]]
 
*The Marauder's Map, along with [[Harry Potter's wand|his wand]] and the [[Cloak of Invisibility]], is Harry's only remaining treasure from his time at [[Hogwarts School of Witchcraft and Wizardry|Hogwarts]].
 
*The Marauder's Map, along with [[Harry Potter's wand|his wand]] and the [[Cloak of Invisibility]], is Harry's only remaining treasure from his time at [[Hogwarts School of Witchcraft and Wizardry|Hogwarts]].
 
*According to [[J. K. Rowling]], Harry never gave the map to [[Teddy Lupin]] or any of his children, but his son [[James Potter II|James]] probably stole it from Harry's desk.
 
*According to [[J. K. Rowling]], Harry never gave the map to [[Teddy Lupin]] or any of his children, but his son [[James Potter II|James]] probably stole it from Harry's desk.
*The magical defences on Hogwarts have been mentioned several times, including Hogwarts being [[Unplottability|unplottable]]. That implies that mapping Hogwarts is impossible, which is exactly what the Marauder's Map does. There are some possible loop holes for this: for example, making a place unplottable might simply make it impossible for it to be mapped with reference to somewhere else. As the Marauder's Map only covers Hogwarts, not of its position relative to (for example) London, it would circumvent the theoretical unplottable charm.
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*The magical defences on Hogwarts have been mentioned several times, including Hogwarts being [[Unplottability|unplottable]]. That implies that mapping Hogwarts is impossible, which is exactly what the Marauder's Map does. There are some possible loopholes for this: for example, making a place unplottable might simply make it impossible for it to be mapped with reference to somewhere else. As the Marauder's Map only covers Hogwarts, not its position relative to (for example) London, it would circumvent the theoretical unplottable charm.
*The claim that the map shows "every" corner of Hogwarts is likely an exaggeration, as there is no indication that it shows the [[Chamber of Secrets]] or the [[Room of Requirement]]. However, the map was created based on the Marauders' knowledge of Hogwarts and as none of them were Parselmouths, they would not have been able to access the [[Chamber of Secrets]]. Considering that Fred and George had it during the opening of the Chamber of Secrets, and the disappearance of their sister into it, it seems very unlikely it showed the Chamber or they would have mentioned it. Also, it is possible that they ''did'' manage to find the [[Room of Requirement]], but that the room itself is [[Unplottability|unplottable]] as need be <ref>[[Harry Potter and the Half-Blood Prince]], chapter 21</ref>. However, it is not very likely the Marauders did discover the Room of Requirement as [[Sirius Black|Sirius]] never suggested the Room to Harry as a possible location for the meetings of [[Dumbledore's Army]] in ''Order of the Phoenix''. It is also possible that Sirius didn't think about the Room of Requirement at the time.
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*The claim that the map shows "every" corner of Hogwarts is likely an exaggeration, as there is no indication that it shows the [[Chamber of Secrets]] or the [[Room of Requirement]]. However, the map was created based on the Marauders' knowledge of Hogwarts and as none of them were Parselmouths, they would not have been able to access the [[Chamber of Secrets]]. Considering that Fred and George had it during the opening of the Chamber of Secrets, and the disappearance of their sister into it, it seems very unlikely it showed the Chamber or they would have mentioned it. Also, it is possible that they ''did'' manage to find the [[Room of Requirement]], but that the room itself is [[Unplottability|unplottable]] as need be<ref>[[Harry Potter and the Half-Blood Prince]], chapter 21</ref>. However, it is not very likely the Marauders did discover the Room of Requirement as [[Sirius Black|Sirius]] never suggested the Room to Harry as a possible location for the meetings of [[Dumbledore's Army]] in ''Order of the Phoenix''. It is also possible that Sirius did not think about the Room of Requirement at the time.
*In the book, the map is described as a single piece of parchment that could be laid on a desk in a classroom. In the film, the map is shown as a rather large, much-folded paper with several unfolding flaps within it. This is actually more practical, as it is unlikely that all of Hogwarts—having many floors and towers—could be drawn on a single piece of paper.
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*In the book, the map is described as a single piece of parchment that could be laid on a desk in a classroom. In the film, the map is shown as a rather large, much-folded paper with several unfolding flaps within it.
 
*In the [[Harry Potter and the Half-Blood Prince (film)|film adaptation]] of ''[[Harry Potter and the Half-Blood Prince]]'', one page is added to the Map, featuring the seventh-floor corridor.
 
*In the [[Harry Potter and the Half-Blood Prince (film)|film adaptation]] of ''[[Harry Potter and the Half-Blood Prince]]'', one page is added to the Map, featuring the seventh-floor corridor.
 
*While Hogwarts Castle is located on a large mountain in the films and video games, the map still shows the Castle on level ground.
 
*While Hogwarts Castle is located on a large mountain in the films and video games, the map still shows the Castle on level ground.
*There is a toy version of the Map in every copy of the [[Harry Potter and the Order of the Phoenix (video game)|video game version]] of ''[[Harry Potter and the Order of the Phoenix]]'', which is an exact replica of the in-game Map.
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*In a deleted scene of [[Harry Potter and the Half-Blood Prince (film)|film adaptation]] of ''[[Harry Potter and the Half-Blood Prince]]'', the map shows [[Draco Malfoy]]'s name as just "''Malfoy''"; this is a mistake, as the map is supposed to show both given names and surnames.
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*There is a toy version of the map in every copy of the [[Harry Potter and the Order of the Phoenix (video game)|video game version]] of ''[[Harry Potter and the Order of the Phoenix]]'', which is an exact replica of the in-game map.
 
*A real-size replica of the Marauder's Map prop can be bought at [[Noble Collection]].
 
*A real-size replica of the Marauder's Map prop can be bought at [[Noble Collection]].
 
*In the [[Harry Potter and the Prisoner of Azkaban (film)|film adaptation]] of ''[[Harry Potter and the Prisoner of Azkaban]]'', ''Moony'' is misspelled "Mooney" as an inside joke to the film's visual effects supervisor, Karl Mooney.
 
*In the [[Harry Potter and the Prisoner of Azkaban (film)|film adaptation]] of ''[[Harry Potter and the Prisoner of Azkaban]]'', ''Moony'' is misspelled "Mooney" as an inside joke to the film's visual effects supervisor, Karl Mooney.
*In the [[Harry Potter and the Prisoner of Azkaban (film)|film adaption]] of ''[[Harry Potter and the Prisoner of Azkaban]]'', When Harry was walking down one of the corridors one night, he saw [[Peter Pettigrew]]'s name appear on the map before being caught by Snape, which was the first hint of Peter still being alive. This did not occur in the book.
+
*In the film adaption of ''Harry Potter and the Prisoner of Azkaban'', When Harry was walking down one of the corridors one night, he saw [[Peter Pettigrew]]'s name appear on the map before being caught by Snape, which was the first hint of Peter still being alive. This did not occur in the book.
*Harry retrieved the Marauders Map when Barty Crouch Jr. took it, by simply taking it from the fake Moody's office at the end of the school year. (Rowling had forgotten to mention it.) <ref>http://www.beyondhogwarts.com/story.20040304.html</ref>
+
*Harry retrieved the Marauders Map when Barty Crouch Jr took it, by simply taking it from the fake Moody's office at the end of the school year. (Rowling had forgotten to mention it.)<ref>http://www.beyondhogwarts.com/story.20040304.html</ref>
*Also in the [[Harry Potter and the Prisoner of Azkaban (film)|film adaptation]] of ''[[Harry Potter and the Prisoner of Azkaban]]'', while Albus Dumbledore is pacing in his office, his name is spelt Albvs Dvmbledore. This was most likely done simply to give the impression of age. During the late middle ages, 'v' and 'u' were used interchangably, with 'v' always appearing at the beginning of a word and 'u' always appearing in the middle or at the end of a word.
+
*Also in the film adaptation of ''Harry Potter and the Prisoner of Azkaban'', while Albus Dumbledore is pacing in his office, his name is spelled Albvs Dvmbledore. This was most likely done simply to give the impression of age. During the late middle ages, 'v' and 'u' were used interchangeably, with 'v' always appearing at the beginning of a word and 'u' always appearing in the middle or at the end of a word.
*The map is [[David Thewlis]]' favourite prop from the series. <ref>http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=e3FP-nmkFL0&feature=relmfu</ref>
+
*The map is [[David Thewlis]]' favourite prop from the series.<ref>http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=e3FP-nmkFL0&feature=relmfu</ref>
 
*In the PlayStation 2 and Xbox [[Harry Potter and the Prisoner of Azkaban (video game)|video game adaptations]] of ''[[Harry Potter and the Prisoner of Azkaban]]'', [[Draco Malfoy]] uses the potion to turn into Ron to trick Harry into following him into a trap while trying to find [[Sirius Black]]. Despite the fact that the Map never lies about identity, it still names Draco as Ron.
 
*In the PlayStation 2 and Xbox [[Harry Potter and the Prisoner of Azkaban (video game)|video game adaptations]] of ''[[Harry Potter and the Prisoner of Azkaban]]'', [[Draco Malfoy]] uses the potion to turn into Ron to trick Harry into following him into a trap while trying to find [[Sirius Black]]. Despite the fact that the Map never lies about identity, it still names Draco as Ron.
 
*For the [[Harry Potter (film series)|''Harry Potter'' films]], the Marauder's Map was hand-made by [[MinaLima Design]] with ink and paper.<ref name="gotstyle">[http://www.leakynews.com/youve-got-to-admit-harrys-got-style/ The Leaky Cauldron - "You've Got To Admit Harry's Got Style"]</ref>
 
*For the [[Harry Potter (film series)|''Harry Potter'' films]], the Marauder's Map was hand-made by [[MinaLima Design]] with ink and paper.<ref name="gotstyle">[http://www.leakynews.com/youve-got-to-admit-harrys-got-style/ The Leaky Cauldron - "You've Got To Admit Harry's Got Style"]</ref>
*It is unknown if the map shows deceased people. Barty Crouch Jr. does not show any sign of seeing his father's body represented on the map, but he could have seen it and not told anyone.
+
*It is unknown if the map shows deceased people. Barty Crouch Jr does not show any sign of seeing his father's body represented on the map, but he could have seen it and not told anyone.
  +
*The [http://harrypotter.scholastic.com/glossary/ glossary] on the [[Scholastic]] official website incorrectly claims that both Harry and Ron used the Marauder's Map to get to Hogsmeade.
   
 
==Appearances==
 
==Appearances==
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[[Category:Maps and charts]]
 
[[Category:Maps and charts]]
 
[[Category:Objects with Personality]]
 
[[Category:Objects with Personality]]
[[Category:Fred Weasley's Possessions]]
+
[[Category:Fred Weasley's possessions]]
[[Category:George Weasley's Possessions]]
+
[[Category:George Weasley's possessions]]
 
[[Category:Potter family possessions]]
 
[[Category:Potter family possessions]]

Latest revision as of 19:15, December 2, 2014

Marauder'sMap
The Marauder's Map
Object information
Manufacturer

The Marauders

Made

Between 1975 and 1978

Usage
  • Map of Hogwarts Castle
  • Shows seven secret passageways from Hogwarts into Hogsmeade
  • Shows what everyone in the grounds is doing every minute of every day
Owners
"Messrs Moony, Wormtail, Padfoot, and Prongs
Purveyors of Aids to Magical Mischief-Makers
are proud to present
THE MARAUDER'S MAP
"
—The Marauder's Map[src]

The Marauder's Map is a magical document that reveals all of Hogwarts School of Witchcraft and Wizardry. Not only does it show every classroom, every hallway, and every corner of the castle, but it also shows every inch of the grounds, as well as all the secret passages that are hidden within its walls and the location of every person in the grounds, portrayed by a dot. It is also capable of accurately identifying each person, and is not fooled by animagi, polyjuice potions, or invisibility cloaks; even the Hogwarts ghosts are not exempt from this.

One of the map's possible flaws lies in the fact that it cannot differentiate people who bear similar names (the shared names are not given a Junior or Senior at the end). Also, it does not seem to show unplottable rooms, since it was Dobby and not the map that showed where the Room of Requirement was or even existed. The Chamber of Secrets never appeared on the map; this could be because the creators never knew of it, or it could be unplottable as well, since when Ron and Hermione were in it collecting basilisk fangs, they did not appear on the map, like people did not appear when in the Room of Requirement.

The map can also reveal secret passages the Marauders found, though it only did this on one known occasion (in his third year, Harry Potter was shown how to use the statue of the humpbacked witch to enter Hogsmeade Village).

HistoryEdit

CreationEdit

"The magic used in the map's creation is advanced and impressive; it includes the Homonculous Charm, enabling the possessor of the map to track the movements of every person in the castle, and it was also enchanted to forever repel (as insultingly as possible) the curiosity of their nemesis, Severus Snape."
—Description of the magic involved in the map's creation[src]
The Marauders

Sirius, James, Remus and Peter

The Marauder's Map was created by Remus Lupin (Moony), Peter Pettigrew (Wormtail), Sirius Black (Padfoot), and James Potter (Prongs) while they were attending Hogwarts. The map was created between 1975 and 1978, because the titles on the map refer to the nicknames of these men in their Animagus forms, and, in Lupin's case, werewolf form. The four created the map via the usage of the Homonculous Charm, a powerful and advanced charm that enchanted the map to track the movements of everyone in the castle, as well as a charm to insult Severus Snape. This artefact proved quite useful to the foursome (commonly termed "the Marauders") through the years, until it was confiscated by Argus Filch in their final year at Hogwarts.[1]

Fred and George WeasleyEdit

"This little beauty's taught us more than all the teachers in this school."
Fred Weasley on the Marauder's Map[src]

Fred and George Weasley "nicked" the map from Filch's office in their first year at Hogwarts. They had been taken to his office for letting off a Dungbomb and saw a drawer marked "Confiscated and Highly Dangerous". George dropped another Dungbomb, while Fred stole the map from the drawer. They had to experiment with it in order to learn how to get it to work, but it gave them clues, "flickering into life here and there" when they came close to the activating phrase, until finally they got it exactly. Because of this map, the twins memorised the secret passageways of Hogwarts, which they used for quite a few of their many pranks.[2] In Harry Potter's third year at Hogwarts, Fred and George gave the map to Harry, so that he could go to Hogsmeade on the weekends, although he had not obtained a permission slip to do so from his guardians, Vernon and Petunia Dursley.

Harry's usage of the mapEdit

"Mr Moony presents his compliments to Professor Snape and begs him to keep his abnormally large nose out of other people's business.
Mr Prongs agrees with Mr Moony and would like to add that Professor Snape is an ugly git.
Mr Padfoot would like to register his astonishment that an idiot like that ever became a Professor.
Mr Wormtail bids Professor Snape good day, and advises him to wash his hair, the slime-ball.
"
—The map's response to Severus Snape's attempt to reveal the map's secrets[src]
Marauder's Map insults Snape

The map insults Severus Snape.

Harry used the map throughout his time as a student at Hogwarts, especially during his third year, when he tried to find his way into Hogsmeade. Then, he used the One-Eyed Witch Passage which led into Honeydukes cellar. The map, however, will insult anyone who does not know how to activate it. Professor Remus Lupin caught Harry with the map (after Snape found it while interrogating Harry), and subsequently confiscated it, surprising the younger wizard with his knowledge of how to activate it. It was through the map that the professor discovered Peter Pettigrew was still alive, leading him to conclude it was indeed the latter that had betrayed Harry's parents, in the process framing their old friend Sirius Black for the crime. This would go a long way towards repairing the rift between the two co-creators of the map. He would return the map to Harry before leaving Hogwarts at the end of the year.

During his fourth year, Harry used the map to help him as he sneaked into the prefects' bathroom to work on his clue for the Second Task of the Triwizard Tournament. On his way back, he dropped the map, and it was almost taken by Severus Snape. Harry was saved by Barty Crouch Jr, disguised as Professor Alastor "Mad-Eye" Moody, who pretended it was his. Due to the map's flaw, it could not differentiate between the Junior and Senior Crouches. Crouch later asked to borrow the map from Harry, but after Crouch was unmasked, he reclaimed it.

During Harry's sixth year, he used the map often when he spent a great deal of time obsessing over Draco Malfoy's daily activities.

When monitoring Draco Malfoy, Harry found he often disappeared off the map. The cause of this was not revealed until after he asked Dobby to trail Draco to find out what he was doing when he disappeared off the map. Dobby discovered that Draco was disappearing into the Room of Requirement, which was not on the Marauder's Map. Whether because it was Unplottable or the Marauders never found the room is unspecified.

While on the run in looking for Horcruxes, Harry would often look at the map to see what Ginny Weasley, his love interest, was doing, which would hint that the map works from any location.

Moments before the start of the Battle of Hogwarts, Harry briefly used the map to search for Ron and Hermione but he did not find them as they were, at the time, in the Chamber of Secrets collecting Basilisk fangs with which they could destroy the last of Lord Voldemort's Horcruxes.[3]

Harry Potter's legacyEdit

After Harry Potter's defeat of Lord Voldemort during the Battle of Hogwarts, the map would not have been used for many years. Eventually, James Sirius Potter would steal the map from his father's desk.[4]

UsageEdit

Tumblr m7hvpc03cD1qili3vo7 r1 250

The map unfolded

The map is normally disguised as a blank piece of parchment. To view the map, one must tap it with one's wand and recite, "I solemnly swear that I am up to no good." The content of the map will reveal itself.

To hide the contents of the map so the parchment appears blank again, one must again tap it and recite, "Mischief managed."

An added bonus is that if the bearer of the map approaches the entrance to a secret passage protected by a password, the password will appear on the map (usually as a speech bubble that appears close to the dot representing the Map's holder).

Exceptions to useEdit

"I solemnly swear that I am up to no good."
—Words to reveal the map.[src]

In some rare cases, the map may not be used to the best of its ability. Heading out through the secret passage from the Whomping Willow to the Shrieking Shack will make the person disappear, as Snape mentions in the spring of 1994, so the Shrieking Shack is not included on the map because it goes off the edge of the map. It also does not show any person that may be inside the Room of Requirement, as the Room of Requirement is unplottable and it itself does not show up on the map, or the Chamber of Secrets, as it is very unlikely that any of the creators of the map knew of its existence at the time that the map was made.

Additionally, the map does not differentiate between two people with the same name. This was the case with Barty Crouch Jr, who was simply shown as "Bartemius Crouch" on the map (instead of "Bartemius Crouch Jr"). This lead Harry Potter to believe that Barty Crouch Sr. was in Hogwarts, when he was actually at his own home at the time.

Similarly, it identifies animagi by their actual name even when they are in their transformed state. It was by this mechanism that Lupin was able to identify Peter Pettigrew's presence at Hogwarts despite being presumed dead.

The map was impossible to be directly used by Severus Snape, as it was enchanted to insult him should he attempt to do so.[5] However, Snape was able to make use of the map to view Remus Lupin entering the secret passage underneath the Whomping Willow, as Lupin had left the map accessible beforehand.

Special abilities of the mapEdit

The map also shows how to access the sealed passages by showing the password required to unseal it (displayed as a minuscule speech balloon shown close to the dot representing the user of the map that appears when the map's holder comes close to the available passages). More importantly, the map shows the name and location of every person within the Hogwarts grounds, even if they are wearing an Invisibility cloak (as demonstrated when Remus Lupin saw Harry Potter, Ron Weasley, and Hermione Granger sneaking to Rubeus Hagrid's cabin under Harry's Invisibility cloak), transformed animagi (evidenced by Lupin seeing Peter Pettigrew return to the school grounds from Hagrid's, despite being disguised as the rat Scabbers at the time), or under the influence of the Polyjuice Potion (as demonstrated when Harry saw Barty Crouch Jr, at the time disguised as Alastor Moody, ransacking Snape's office for more Polyjuice ingredients).

Behind the scenesEdit

Hpexhibit001

The Marauder's Map in a Harry Potter exhibit

  • The Marauder's Map, along with his wand and the Cloak of Invisibility, is Harry's only remaining treasure from his time at Hogwarts.
  • According to J. K. Rowling, Harry never gave the map to Teddy Lupin or any of his children, but his son James probably stole it from Harry's desk.
  • The magical defences on Hogwarts have been mentioned several times, including Hogwarts being unplottable. That implies that mapping Hogwarts is impossible, which is exactly what the Marauder's Map does. There are some possible loopholes for this: for example, making a place unplottable might simply make it impossible for it to be mapped with reference to somewhere else. As the Marauder's Map only covers Hogwarts, not its position relative to (for example) London, it would circumvent the theoretical unplottable charm.
  • The claim that the map shows "every" corner of Hogwarts is likely an exaggeration, as there is no indication that it shows the Chamber of Secrets or the Room of Requirement. However, the map was created based on the Marauders' knowledge of Hogwarts and as none of them were Parselmouths, they would not have been able to access the Chamber of Secrets. Considering that Fred and George had it during the opening of the Chamber of Secrets, and the disappearance of their sister into it, it seems very unlikely it showed the Chamber or they would have mentioned it. Also, it is possible that they did manage to find the Room of Requirement, but that the room itself is unplottable as need be[6]. However, it is not very likely the Marauders did discover the Room of Requirement as Sirius never suggested the Room to Harry as a possible location for the meetings of Dumbledore's Army in Order of the Phoenix. It is also possible that Sirius did not think about the Room of Requirement at the time.
  • In the book, the map is described as a single piece of parchment that could be laid on a desk in a classroom. In the film, the map is shown as a rather large, much-folded paper with several unfolding flaps within it.
  • In the film adaptation of Harry Potter and the Half-Blood Prince, one page is added to the Map, featuring the seventh-floor corridor.
  • While Hogwarts Castle is located on a large mountain in the films and video games, the map still shows the Castle on level ground.
  • In a deleted scene of film adaptation of Harry Potter and the Half-Blood Prince, the map shows Draco Malfoy's name as just "Malfoy"; this is a mistake, as the map is supposed to show both given names and surnames.
  • There is a toy version of the map in every copy of the video game version of Harry Potter and the Order of the Phoenix, which is an exact replica of the in-game map.
  • A real-size replica of the Marauder's Map prop can be bought at Noble Collection.
  • In the film adaptation of Harry Potter and the Prisoner of Azkaban, Moony is misspelled "Mooney" as an inside joke to the film's visual effects supervisor, Karl Mooney.
  • In the film adaption of Harry Potter and the Prisoner of Azkaban, When Harry was walking down one of the corridors one night, he saw Peter Pettigrew's name appear on the map before being caught by Snape, which was the first hint of Peter still being alive. This did not occur in the book.
  • Harry retrieved the Marauders Map when Barty Crouch Jr took it, by simply taking it from the fake Moody's office at the end of the school year. (Rowling had forgotten to mention it.)[7]
  • Also in the film adaptation of Harry Potter and the Prisoner of Azkaban, while Albus Dumbledore is pacing in his office, his name is spelled Albvs Dvmbledore. This was most likely done simply to give the impression of age. During the late middle ages, 'v' and 'u' were used interchangeably, with 'v' always appearing at the beginning of a word and 'u' always appearing in the middle or at the end of a word.
  • The map is David Thewlis' favourite prop from the series.[8]
  • In the PlayStation 2 and Xbox video game adaptations of Harry Potter and the Prisoner of Azkaban, Draco Malfoy uses the potion to turn into Ron to trick Harry into following him into a trap while trying to find Sirius Black. Despite the fact that the Map never lies about identity, it still names Draco as Ron.
  • For the Harry Potter films, the Marauder's Map was hand-made by MinaLima Design with ink and paper.[9]
  • It is unknown if the map shows deceased people. Barty Crouch Jr does not show any sign of seeing his father's body represented on the map, but he could have seen it and not told anyone.
  • The glossary on the Scholastic official website incorrectly claims that both Harry and Ron used the Marauder's Map to get to Hogsmeade.

AppearancesEdit

Wiki
The Harry Potter Wiki has 64 images related to Marauder's Map.

Notes and referencesEdit

Marauders Map

the map drawn by Mary GrandPré

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