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Mandrake
Mandrake / Mandragora
Species information
Roots

Brown, humanoid

Leaves

Green/brownish

Distinction(s)
  • Screams can be fatal if heard with the naked ear, although if not fully grown the scream merely renders a person unconscious
  • Though a plant, it appears almost as if a human baby with a leafing head
Usage

When matured, can be cut up to serve as a prime ingredient for the Mandrake Restorative Draught, which is to cure those who have been petrified.

"The cry of the Mandrake is fatal to anyone who hears it."
Hermione Granger[src]

A Mandrake, also known as Mandragora, is  a plant which has a root that looks like a human (like a baby when the plant is young, but maturing as the plant grows). When mature, its cry can be fatal to any person who hears it.

History

In the 1992-1993 school year, Mandrakes were studied by the second year students of Hogwarts school of witchcraft and wizardry and were used to cure the petrification of Colin Creevey, Hermione Granger, and others. During the Battle of Hogwarts, Mandrakes were used against Death Eaters.

Description and traits

Whenever unearthed, the root screams. The scream of a mature Mandrake when it is unearthed will kill any person who hears it, but a young Mandrake's screams will usually only knock a person out for several hours. When Hogwarts students study Mandrakes in Herbology class, Pomona Sprout had the students wear earmuffs to protect their ears from the Mandrake's cries.

Mandrakes not only resemble humans, but also have similar behaviours to them. In the 1992-1993 school year, the Mandrakes, at one point of time, became moody and secretive, which indicated that they were reaching adolescence. Later on, they threw a loud party, which is comparable to humans when they are teenagers. Hagrid also mentioned the Mandrakes having acne. Mandrakes are fully matured when they start moving into each others pots. When matured, Mandrakes can be cut up to serve as a prime ingredient for the Mandrake Restorative Draught, which is used to cure those who have been Petrified.

A Mandrake's scream is very similar to (if not the same as) a banshee's scream, which is also fatal.

The Dugbog's favourite food is Mandrakes, which leads to Mandrake-growers finding nothing but a bloody mess when pulling their plants out. Flesh-Eating Slugs are known to favour Mandrakes.

Their leaves can be used in Potions[1], additionally, the Mandrake forms an essential part of most antidotes.[2]

Etymology

Sprout

Professor Sprout teaches her Second year Herbology students how to pot young Mandrakes.

The (European) Mandrake plant has been used since ancient times as a medicinal plant and has a tradition associated with magical activities. It is a member of the nightshade family. It contains hyoscyamine, scopolamine, and mandragorin. Medically, it has been used as a pain killer and a sedative. It was used in ancient times for surgery. An overdose, though, can be fatal.

Tumblr mna30nd8fz1qk3tk3o5 250

Harry and Ron replanting Mandrakes.

Because of its roots' shapes resembling humans, it has been used in magical operations, and as a supposed aphrodisiac.[citation needed] There are variations on the plant, Mandragora Offininarum being the most usual form, with the smaller Mandragora autumnalis having the same properties. Some folk traditions call the latter (M. autumnalis) variety as "Womandrake" in distinction to M. Officinarum as "Mandrake." A third variant, Mandragora turcomanica, is a nearly extinct and very rare variety, found mostly in Turkey and a few areas of Iran. M. turcomanica is distinguished from M. autumnalis by having larger fruit.[citation needed]
CS C6

A Mandrake being pulled from its roots

In the Western Hemisphere, another plant, Podophyllum petaltum, is called the American Mandrake. The American Mandrake is unrelated to the European variety, and has fewer medical applications. It, too, is poisonous.

Behind the scenes

  • In LEGO Harry Potter: Years 1-4, mandrakes can be found throughout the castle and grounds and can be used to break glass objects. Also the player can make it sing as an extra (cheat code).
  • In the Game Boy Color version of Harry Potter and the Philosopher's Stone, the "Mandrake Root" item does not resemble the babies seen in other versions, and in fact looks more like a leaf than a root, suggesting the item is merely misnamed.

Appearances

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Notes and references

  1. Harry Potter and the Goblet of Fire, Chapter 26 - (The Second Task)
  2. Harry Potter and the Chamber of Secrets, Chapter 6 - (Gilderoy Lockhart)


Herbology
Pottedmandrake
Professors: Herbert Beery · Pomona Sprout · Neville Longbottom
Textbooks: Flesh-Eating Trees of the World · Goshawk's Guide to Herbology · Magical Water Plants of the Mediterranean · One Thousand Magical Herbs and Fungi · Winogrand's Wonderous Water Plants
Hogwarts class: Herbology Award · Herbology Lesson Cup · Herbology Race Cup · Herbology Store
Hogwarts greenhouses: One · Two · Three · Four · Five · Six · Seven · Professor's Office
Herbologists: Herbert Beery · Miranda Goshawk · Elladora Ketteridge · Beaumont Marjoribanks · Nepali wizard · Phyllida Spore · Tilden Toots · Hadrian Whittle · Sir Winogrand · Selina Sapworthy
Plants Studied: Bouncing Bulb · Bubotuber · Devil's Snare · Fire Seed Bush · Mandrake · Mimbulus Mimbletonia · Puffapod · Screechsnap · Self-fertilising shrub · Snargaluff · Spiky Bush · Spiky Prickly Plant · Umbrella Flower · Venomous Tentacula · Walking plant · Whomping Willow · Wild rice

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