The Magical Congress of the United States of America (shortened MACUSA) is the magical body in charge of governing the wizarding population of the United States of America. It is led by the President of the Magical Congress of the United States of America. Unlike the Muggle United States Congress, which is divided into a House of Representatives and a Senate, the MACUSA is unicameral. The MACUSA is located in the Woolworth Building downtown New York City.
The Magical Congress of the United States of America was established in 1693, as a direct result of the Salem Witch Trials, thus pre-dating the No-Maj government by around a century. The first task of the North American wizarding legislature was to put on trial the Scourers, a unscrupulous and brutal band of wizarding bounty hunters and racketeers, executing those convicted of murder, wizard-trafficking, and torture.
MACUSA has had to move its location at least five times since its inception. Due to the indiscretions of the dim-witted witch Dorcus Twelvetrees, the then President Emily Rappaport created Rappaport's Law which would enforce strict segregation between the No-Maj and wizarding communities. Henceforth wizards were no longer allowed to befriend or marry No-Majs and penalties of such fraternization were harsh. Communication was also limited to that necessary to perform daily activities. During this time MACUSA worked strictly independent of itself from the No-Maj government to decrease the possibility of exposure.
Under Rappaport's Law, MACUSA continued to avoid communication with the No-Maj community for many years and MACUSA also continued to impose severe penalties on those who disobeyed the International Statute of Secrecy.
After the Great Sasquatch Rebellion of 1892, MACUSA was forced to relocate its headquarters for the fifth time in its history, and moved from Washington DC to New York City at the Woolworth Building where it remained throughout the 1920s.
Sometime at the end of the 19th century, a legislation was introduced which would require all American wizards and witches to have a permit allowing them to carry a wand, a measure that was intended to keep tabs on all magical activity and identify the perpetrators by their wands.
Unlike the No-Maj community which had a strict Prohibition law against alcohol for many years, MACUSA allowed the wizarding community to consume alcohol. Though many criticized this policy, pointing out that it made witches and wizards rather conspicuous around sober No-Majs. However in a light-hearted moment, the then President Seraphina Picquery stated that being a wizard or witch in America was already hard enough and at one point famously told her Chief of Staff that the "Gigglewater" was non-negotiable.
Following the kidnapping of Hans the Augurey by American fans celebrating the American team's success in the quarter-finals of the 2014 Quidditch World Cup against Liechtenstein, several terse letters were exchanged between President Quahog and Otto Obermeier, Minister for Magic of Liechtenstein. Luckily, Hans was returned the following day, 9 June 2014, and the relationship between the two countries seemed not to have been too damaged.
- Emily Rappaport (c. 1790; 15th President of the MACUSA)
- Seraphina Picquery (throughout the 1920s)
- Samuel G. Quahog (in office by 2014)
- Aristotle Twelvetrees - Keeper of Treasure and Dragots
- Percival Graves - Auror, right-hand man of Seraphina Picquery
- Porpentina Goldstein - Formerly Auror, demoted
Notes and references
- ↑ 1.0 1.1 1.2 Pottermore - Writing by J.K. Rowling: "History of Magic in North America: Seventeenth Century and Beyond"
- ↑ 2.0 2.1 2.2 "This Week's Cover: Inside the magical world of Fantastic Beasts and Where to Find Them" at Entertainment Weekly
- ↑ 3.0 3.1 3.2 3.3 3.4 Pottermore - New from J.K. Rowling: "RETURN OF HANS THE AUGUREY" (Daily Prophet, 09 June 2014)
- ↑ .@PauliePoBoy No, it's a single body. by J.K. Rowling on Twitter