Some content in this article is derived from information featured in Harry Potter and the Cursed Child, and, as such, spoilers will be present.
- "Malfoy's been giving generously to all sorts of things for years... Gets him in with the right people... then he can ask for favors... delay laws he doesn't want passed... Oh, he's very well connected, Lucius Malfoy...."
- —Lucius' former position in the wizarding community[src]
Lucius Malfoy (b. 1953/1954) was a pure-blood wizard, and son of Abraxas Malfoy, husband of Narcissa Black and the father of Draco Malfoy. Lucius was educated at Hogwarts, where he was made a prefect in Slytherin House. As an adult, Lucius was an aristocratic wizard and patriarch of the Malfoy family, believing strongly in notions of blood purity and the superiority of pure-blood wizards. He joined the Death Eaters, who shared his views on blood purity, and participated in the First Wizarding War.
After Lord Voldemort's first defeat, Lucius managed to avoid imprisonment by claiming that he had been acting under the Imperius Curse. He and his family remained members of the social elite, though Lucius continued to demonstrate his prejudice. He attempted to sabotage Arthur Weasley's career by slipping Arthur's daughter an old school diary of Tom Riddle's, opening the Chamber of Secrets in 1992, and in 1994, he participated in the humiliation of a Muggle family after the Quidditch World Cup.
When Voldemort returned, Lucius once again served him as a Death Eater, leading the efforts to obtain the prophecy Voldemort sought. In the battle that ensued, the prophecy was destroyed, and Lucius and his comrades were imprisoned in Azkaban in 1996. Although Voldemort broke them out of prison in 1997, he was displeased with Lucius for his failures and treated the Malfoys with disdain. Lucius and his family finally had enough and defected at the end of the Second Wizarding War.
Because he and his family defected from the Death Eaters they were pardoned for their crimes after Voldemort's final defeat and did not serve a stint in Azkaban. He and Narcissa later had a grandson, Scorpius Malfoy, after Draco married Astoria Greengrass.
Early life (1954-1972)
Lucius Malfoy was born to Abraxas Malfoy and into a very old, wealthy and gentry wizarding family, and raised in the lap of luxury at the family estate, a magnificent mansion in Wiltshire which had been in his family’s possession for many centuries.
Around 1965, at the age of eleven, he began attending Hogwarts School of Witchcraft and Wizardry and was sorted into Slytherin House, where numerous like-minded young idealists also could be found. During his school career his skills in potions even earned him the recognition of the school's Potions Master, Professor Horace Slughorn, the Head of Slytherin House who had him join his Slug Club of promising students.
At some point in his third year at the school, Lucius's father became suspected to have had a hand in the mysterious illness which had befallen Nobby Leach, the first Muggle-born Minister for Magic to ever hold office. In his fifth year, Lucius was made a prefect, which showed the hard work he put into appearing a model student in the eyes of his teachers. In 1971. he warmly welcomed Severus Snape into the fold after the latter's sorting, and they would later become close friends.
First Wizarding War (1972-1981)
Lucius graduated Hogwarts around 1972, but being independently wealthy, had no need to see employment. At some point, he married Narcissa Black; their son, and only child, Draco was born in 1980.
Lucius became one of Lord Voldemort's Death Eaters and helped wage the First Wizarding War in an attempt to bring down the Ministry of Magic. Some of his activities may have included taking the lead in the torturing of muggles. It may have been around this time that Lucius was entrusted the Dark Lord's old school diary, which was bewitched so that whenever smuggled into Hogwarts Castle, it would reopen the legendary Chamber of Secrets and send the Basilisk living inside to finish Salazar Slytherin's "noble work" of cleansing the school (which Slytherin himself had a hand in founding) of all Muggle-born students, thus proving that Voldemort was Slytherin's true heir.
When Snape, who was at the time one of the youngest in the fold, discovered a prediction concerning the forthcoming of a child with the power to vanquish the Dark Lord, a boy born to those who had thrice defied him and lived to tell the tale. Two boys met the conditions of the prophecy, the most probable of which were believed to be the unborn child of James and Lily Potter, both distinguished members of the Order of the Phoenix. Dumbledore somehow discovered that Voldemort had marked the Potters for death, who subsequently went into hiding, and managed to keep their heads low enough for the Dark Lord to fail in locating their whereabouts until their friend and Secret-Keeper, Peter Pettigrew, betrayed them. Thus, with their Fidelius Charm broken, on 31 October 1981, Voldemort went to exterminate the perceived threat. However, the eradication of the Potters had not went as smoothly as they had anticipated. Having murdered and simply stepped over the bodies of the parents, their Master had raised his wand to deliver the coup de grâce, only for his Killing Curse to rebound back at himself and obliterate his body, leaving his army shocked and distraught.
With the fall of Lord Voldemort, the Order of the Phoenix and the Ministry of Magic rounded up many of his followers. Eventually, Lucius himself was caught and put on trial before a full Wizengamot for his involvement in Death Eater activities and support of Lord Voldemort’s reign of terror. Lucius pleaded his innocence and claimed he had been acting under the influence of the Imperius Curse. While he was able to avoid the fate of many of his former peers, most of which was sentenced to a lifelong confinement in the wizarding prison of Azkaban, some people like Arthur Weasley, the Head of the Misuse of Muggle Artefacts Office, never believed his version of events, and felt Lucius was in Voldemort's inner-circle.
Between the wars (1981-1995)
- "Any work of fiction or nonfiction that depicts interbreeding between wizards and Muggles should be banned from the bookshelves of Hogwarts. I do not wish my son to be influenced into sullying the purity of his bloodline by reading stories that promote wizard-Muggle marriage."
- —Malfoy's requesting "The Fountain of Fair Fortune" to be banned from Hogwarts[src]
Lucius lived a rather good life with his family. Independently wealthy and therefore without any need to work, he was more than content with a settled life, preoccupying himself with upholding his influence in the Ministry of Magic and maintaining a collection of dark artefacts harking back to family history. Lucius eventually went on to raise his son in an atmosphere of regret that the Dark Lord had not succeeded in taking command of the wizarding community. Lucius did not search for Voldemort after his sudden disappearance, believing him to have died that night in Godric’s Hollow.
Despite his high standing in the ranks of the Dark Forces, his loyalty were primarily towards the cause rather than to the man representing it, as shown by how he still associated with those of his former comrades who, like him, avoided Azkaban, many of which became close friends of the family. Indeed, he even remained in touch with Igor Karkaroff, who had won his freedom after capture by cowardly putting numerous of Lucius's old comrades into Azkaban in his place. The most prominent evidence for his initial disinterest in revisiting his past and lack of faithfulness to the Dark Lord himself was how Lucius disregarded rumours of Lord Voldemort’s survival as wishful thinking, and instead took interest in potentially allying himself with the very person who had brought about their former Master's downfall. Many different theories regarding how The-Boy-Who-Lived had survived the Dark Lord's attack were made over the years, the most persistent of them being that the boy himself was a great Dark Wizard. This assumption was one Lucius prescribed to most eagerly, even taking comfort in the thought that he one day might get a second chance of world domination if Harry Potter grew up to become another, and greater, pure-blood champion.
As the time of Draco’s magical education grew ever closer, Lucius informed his wife that it was his wish for their son to attend Durmstrang Institute, where Karkaroff now was Headmaster. The school did not allow Muggle-borns to attend, and it was also argued that Durmstrang took a 'far more sensible line' about the Dark Arts than Hogwarts, which was still headed by Albus Dumbledore, whom Lucius held in no higher regard after the war than he had during it for the man's advocacy for Muggle rights and other values that went against their own. His wife, on the other hand, did not like the idea of Draco going to school so far away, thus they decided that he would go to Hogwarts after all.
It was presumably with the hopes of influencing the day-to-day running of Hogwarts as much as possible and undermine Dumbledore’s authority and influence which led him to join the Hogwarts Board of Governors As a governor, Lucius submitted a demand to the Headmaster to have The Fountain of Fair Fortune banned from the Hogwarts library, as it depicted a love between a witch and a Muggle. Malfoy claimed that he did not want his son, Draco, to be influenced into sullying his pure-blood by reading a story that promoted marriage between wizards and Muggles.
Dumbledore's refusal to allow the book to be removed was backed by a majority of the other Governors, and Dumbledore wrote back to Malfoy saying that pure-blood families maintained their so-called purity by disowning, banishing, or lying about Muggles and Muggle-borns in their family trees, and then ask for works that dealt with these truths to be banned. Dumbledore considered it illogical and immoral to remove works dealing with the mixture of wizard blood and Muggle blood for the knowledge of the students. Dumbledore's response prompted several further letters from Lucius, consisting of "opprobrious remarks" on Dumbledore's sanity, parentage, and hygiene. This also marked the beginning of Malfoy’s long campaign to have him removed from the post of Headmaster of Hogwarts.
Opening of the Chamber of Secrets
In 1992, during his son's return home from his first year at Hogwarts, Lucius was informed of Harry Potter's refusal of Draco’s offer for friendship in favour of his allegiance to the Weasleys through their youngest Ron. Despite his disappointment that the wild hopes of the ex-Death Eaters — that Harry was another, and better, Voldemort — were completely unfounded. He nevertheless discouraged Draco from seeming "less than thrilled" about the Potter boy, since open hostility towards him could prove potentially disadvantageous to their social standing. As Draco spent a lot of his time away from Hogwarts talking badly of Harry and his broomstick.
Over the summer, Arthur Weasley began conducting raids on several wizarding households to confiscate Dark or illegally enchanted objects under his recently proposed Muggle Protection Act. Before his home could be raided, Lucius sold several of his more incriminating possessions at Borgin and Burkes and set in motion the old task that Voldemort assigned him which involved reopening the Chamber of Secrets. Although his master fell before the plan came to fruition, Lucius still had Tom Riddle's Diary in his possession. Therefore, he could still make excellent use of it by not only purging Hogwarts of Muggle-borns but also by sabotaging Weasley's reputation, eliminating an incriminating Dark artefact all at once and hopefully even exploiting the forthcoming chaos to have Dumbledore removed from his position at the school. Lucius slipped the diary into Ginny's schoolbooks after meeting the Weasleys at Flourish and Blotts just before the start of the school term.
Only the Malfoys' house-elf Dobby was aware of the diary's true nature, but Lucius did not believe his servant would interfere since house-elves were unable to disobey the commands of their masters. Unbeknownst to him, Dobby took this to his advantage by attempting to warn Harry Potter against returning to Hogwarts.
Early this school year, Lucius bought the whole Slytherin Quidditch team Nimbus 2001 broomsticks, as Draco was made the team's Seeker. He was present at the match where Harry was being chased by a rogue Bludger.
Students, animals, and ghosts were systematically petrified by the basilisk that a possessed Ginny released as the diary's grip on her became gradually stronger. Lucius used the ensuing terror (as well as threats to attack their families if they didn't cooperate) to influence the school's Board of Governors to discredit and vote to dismiss Albus Dumbledore as Headmaster for his poor running of the school. Harry followed to save Ginny and killed the basilisk with Godric Gryffindor's sword. He then destroyed the diary with a basilisk fang, which (though he didn't know it was a Horcrux at the time) also destroyed the piece of Voldemort's soul inside.
Harry proved Ginny's innocence and pointed an accusing finger at the true culprit — Lucius. Lucius challenged the boy to prove his claims, but Dumbledore who had returned to Hogwarts at the request of the governors, stated that would be impossible with the diary beyond repair. However, he warned Lucius not to sell any more of Voldemort's school things, as Arthur Weasley would likely trace them back to him. Subsequently (and adding insult to injury) Harry in gratitude to Dobby managed to trick Lucius into setting Dobby free. He accomplished this by wrapping the diary in his own sock before handing it back to Lucius. Dobby then caught the sock after Lucius carelessly tossed it aside, thus, he was no longer forced into servitude of the Malfoy family.
In a fit of rage upon both losing his servant and being tricked by a much younger adversary, Lucius lost his normally controlled and calculating demeanour and tried to attack Harry. However, he was stopped by Dobby, who blasted him down a flight of steps. Lucius had no choice at that moment but to leave. While his role in the opening of the Chamber of Secrets could not be successfully proven, Lucius was ultimately stripped of his title as a Hogwarts school governor for threats against his eleven other colleagues. Despite his sacking, he still maintained strong ties with the Ministry of Magic.
The Buckbeak case
- Hermione Granger: "You'll have to put up a good strong defence, Hagrid. I'm sure you can prove Buckbeak is safe."
- Rubeus Hagrid: "Won't make no diff'rence! Them Disposal devils, they're all in Lucius Malfoy's pocket! Scared o' him! An' if I lose the case, Buckbeak —"
- — Discussion of Buckbeak's hearing before the Committee for the Disposal of Dangerous Creatures[src]
During the 1993-1994 school year, Lucius's son Draco was attacked by the hippogriff named Buckbeak after he provoked it during a Care of Magical Creatures class. Lucius took the case to the Ministry of Magic's Committee for the Disposal of Dangerous Creatures and insisted that the hippogriff be put to death. Buckbeak's owner, gamekeeper Rubeus Hagrid, desperately tried to defend him, with the assistance of Hermione Granger, arguing that Buckbeak had been provoked by Draco and had attacked in self-defence. Despite his actions, Malfoy still won the case and Buckbeak was sentenced to death. However, before Ministry executioner Walden Macnair could carry out the execution, Buckbeak was saved by Harry Potter and Hermione Granger, and subsequently came to be owned by Sirius Black.
In 1994, Lucius attended the Quidditch World Cup with his family, sitting in the luxury box of Minister for Magic Cornelius Fudge. Though he was disgusted that Arthur Weasley was there in the Top Box with his children along with Harry Potter and Hermione Granger, Lucius and Arthur restrained themselves due to being in Fudge's presence. In the aftermath of the cup, Malfoy and some other former Death Eaters were involved in the torture and humiliation of the Muggle site manager of the stadium and his family, though was not known at that time to the public and officials. He fled when the Dark Mark was launched into the sky.
Second Wizarding War (1995-1998)
Return of the Dark Lord
- "Lucius, my slippery friend. I am told that you have not renounced the old ways, though to the world you present a respectable face. You are still ready to take the lead in a spot of Muggle-torture, I believe? Yet you never tried to find me, Lucius."
- —Lord Voldemort to Lucius Malfoy upon his return[src]
When Lord Voldemort rose again in the summer of 1995, Malfoy returned to him on his summons, claiming that he had done everything he could all along to find Voldemort and help him rise again. Voldemort believed that Malfoy had not truly renounced his old ways, but mildly doubted his loyalty because Malfoy had fled the Dark Mark at the World Cup.
Even though Harry witnessed Malfoy's declaration of loyalty to Voldemort, almost nobody in the Ministry believed him and Malfoy continued maintaining strong ties to very high places in the Ministry, most prominently in the form of financial support, as has been in the past.
Continued connection with the Ministry
In 1995, after the trial of Harry Potter, Malfoy, and Fudge encountered Harry, and it was implied that Malfoy was giving money to the Ministry. Malfoy appeared doing shady dealings with Cornelius Fudge in the Department of Mysteries just prior to Harry's trial.
Malfoy's frequent excursions to meet with Fudge were also used as excuses to place the Imperius Curse on Ministry officials such as Broderick Bode and Order of the Phoenix member Sturgis Podmore on Voldemort's orders. These curses were placed in a bid to obtain Sybill Trelawney's first prophecy. However, these attempts were short-lived, as Bode failed to obtain the prophecy, therefore causing Voldemort to murder Bode, and Podmore was arrested for attempting to break into the Hall of Prophecies.
Lucius also gave his support of the formation of Educational Decree Number Twenty-Three, which is to create the post of Hogwarts High Inquisitor for Dolores Umbridge to inspect the teachers' performance. During an interview about this post, he used this to discredit Dumbledore, under the pretence of caring for the future of the school and feared Dumbledore's "eccentric decisions".
Battle of the Department of Mysteries
- Lucius: "Potter, your race is run. Now hand me the prophecy like a good boy...."
- Harry Potter: "Let — let the others go, and I'll give it to you!"
- Lucius: "You are not in a position to bargain, Potter. You see, there are ten of us and only one of you ... or hasn't Dumbledore ever taught you how to count?"
- — Lucius making threats during the Battle of the Department of Mysteries[src]
After the failure of his previous attempts to obtain the prophecy, Voldemort successfully attempted to lure Harry to the Hall of Prophecies by planting a vision of his godfather being tortured in his mind. Malfoy — along with Bellatrix, her husband Rodolphus and her brother-in-law Rabastan Lestrange, and fellow Death Eaters Augustus Rookwood, Antonin Dolohov, Nott, Mulciber, Jugson, Crabbe, Walden Macnair, and Avery — was involved in the Battle of the Department of Mysteries, when they were sent to pry the prophecy from Harry's hands. However, Harry and the five friends who accompanied him, all D.A. members, managed to hold off the Death Eaters until several members of the Order of the Phoenix arrived.
Imprisonment and fall from grace
Lucius' mission to retrieve the prophecy ultimately failed when Neville Longbottom, under the influence of a Step-Dance Curse from Antonin Dolohov, accidentally broke the prophecy. Lucius was seen by a myriad of Ministry officials called by Albus Dumbledore to the scene; now with irrefutable evidence pointing to his identity as a Death Eater, Lucius was promptly sent to Azkaban prison, as was the rest of the Death Eater squad, the sole exception being Bellatrix Lestrange, who escaped with Voldemort. After the events in the Department of Mysteries, Voldemort mainly blamed Lucius for the failure, as Lucius was the commander of Voldemort's small task force.
Lucius Malfoy's failure at the Department of Mysteries combined with accidentally destroying part of Voldemort's soul with the diary of Tom Riddle resulted in his loss of any standing with the Dark Lord. Some believed that he was safer in Azkaban than being free. Lucius was sentenced to life imprisonment in Azkaban.
Escape from Azkaban
In the summer of 1997, nearly a year after being imprisoned, Lucius and all the other incarcerated Death Eaters escaped Azkaban prison with the help of Voldemort, who never bothered to get him out after all that time. It was mentioned that Lucius might have been secretly glad to have been incarcerated in Azkaban, as he was away from Voldemort and his terrible wrath. Voldemort was convinced to do so by Draco Malfoy's success in the plot to assassinate Albus Dumbledore. In actuality this was a further attempt to punish Lucius, as Voldemort really didn't think that Draco would succeed in this mission and would thereby dispose of Draco and possibly the other Malfoys as well.
However because Draco didn't kill Dumbledore himself, the Malfoys were no longer held in high regard by the Dark Lord, who commandeered their home as his base of operations, and his favour fell on Bellatrix Lestrange, Lucius' sister-in-law, and Severus Snape, Lucius's former protégé, since he killed Dumbledore. Voldemort openly mocked the family at a Death Eater meeting in the summer of 1997, taking Lucius' wand and deriding their relation to werewolf Remus Lupin through Narcissa's niece Nymphadora Tonks. Lucius had become little more than a servant.
Skirmish at Malfoy Manor
- Lucius: "Well, Draco? Is it? Is it Harry Potter?"
- Draco Malfoy: "I can’t — I can’t be sure."
- Lucius: "But look at him carefully, look! Come closer! Draco, if we are the ones who hand Potter over to the Dark Lord, everything will be forgiv—"
- — The Malfoy family attempting to identify Harry Potter[src]
The Malfoys were desperate for a chance to be forgiven, and thus were excited when a group of Snatchers led by Fenrir Greyback brought Harry Potter and his friends to the Manor in the spring of 1998. Lucius pressed his reluctant and fearful son to identify Harry, and identified Ron Weasley as one of Arthur Weasley's sons. However, Draco denied knowing who Harry was.
He then argued with his sister-in-law about who would be the one to call Voldemort with their Dark Marks, but they held off when Bellatrix noticed Gryffindor's Sword, which she had believed to be in her Gringotts vault, among their possessions. Subsequently, Bellatrix tortured Hermione Granger for information about the sword with the Cruciatus Curse while the others were taken to the cellar downstairs.
After Hermione lied about the sword being a copy and Griphook went along with her story, Bellatrix signalled Voldemort, but Dobby, the Malfoys' former house-elf, came to the rescue of the prisoners. Harry and Ron ran back upstairs, and the former stunned Lucius and Greyback. After their escape, the Malfoys and Bellatrix were severely punished by Voldemort and were confined to the manor.
- Lucius: "My Lord... please... my son..."
- Voldemort: "If your son is dead, Lucius, it is not my fault. He did not come and join me, like the rest of the Slytherins..."
- — Lucius begging Voldemort to let him find Draco[src]
By the time of the Battle of Hogwarts, Lucius showed that he was more concerned with his son's safety than Voldemort's cause, begging to be permitted to find him when the fighting began. Narcissa lied directly to Voldemort for Harry's sake when he informed her that Draco was still alive, and she and Lucius ran through the crowd, "not even attempting to fight, screaming for their son."
Lucius was present in for Harry Potter's final defeat of Lord Voldemort. Following Voldemort's defeat, Lucius, Narcissa, and Draco sat in the Great Hall during the celebrations, looking unsure that they belonged there.
Later life (Post 1998)
Lucius and Draco's crimes were forgiven due to their abandonment of Voldemort and his cause, and Narcissa's lie to the Dark Lord that saved Harry Potter's life in the Forbidden Forest in the Battle of Hogwarts.
None of them served time in Azkaban due to the evidence he provided against fellow Death Eaters and his help to ensure the capture of many of Voldemort's followers who had fled into hiding. Lucius would eventually gain a grandson, Scorpius Malfoy, after Draco married Astoria Greengrass. Because of Astoria's change of view regarding blood purity after the war, Lucius and Narcissa found her to be a somewhat disappointing daughter-in-law despite her pure-blood heritage. According to Draco, Lucius was frequently telling Astoria that he wanted grandchildren to continue on the family line, despite Draco telling her otherwise.
Lucius still enjoyed collecting Dark artefacts, particulary ones that no one else had. Theodore Nott worked for him and they created a prototype for a new Time-Turner, having decided the ones created by the Ministry were unsuitable and, having been destroyed, unavailable. The prototype was hindered by the five minute rule, but they then found a way to create another Time-Turner which would enable Lucius to travel back in time years, as he had hoped. However, he never used it which led Draco to believe that he actually preferred a world without Voldemort. The Time-Turner he created was kept by Draco, and used to save Scorpius and his friend who were trapped in the past.
Lucius had a pale, pointed face, with pale blond hair and cold grey eyes. He often carried a walking stick with a snake head that contained his wand. After spending a year in the wizarding prison of Azkaban, possibly suffering the horrors of the Dementors' presence, his looks suffered greatly because of it, his skin taking on a yellowish and waxy look, and his eyes sunken and shadowed. His voice was also quite hoarse. Later that year, after having been a victim of the Dark Lord's wrath upon Harry Potter's escape from the Manor, Lucius' looks took a turn for the worse, as he seemed ragged, and he carried traces of his punishment, meaning he might have looked beaten and bruised. It is likely that his looks might have improved upon the fall of his former Master once he returned to everyday life. As a Death Eater, he bears the Dark Mark on his left inner forearm; this has faded to a mere scar upon Voldemort's death.
Personality and traits
- "I don't give a damn what your father thinks. He's vile, and cruel. And you're just pathetic."
- —Harry Potter's opinion of Lucius Malfoy[src]
Due to being the embodiment of wealth and influence in the wizarding world, Lucius Malfoy took great pride in his aristocratic stature by viewing himself as being racially superior to Muggles and Muggle-borns, although his views on half-bloods were likely more tempered as many a half-blood appears on the Malfoy family tree. He was also an very shrewd, opportunistic social climber who was good at controlling others, but behind his veneer of respectability, he treated people cruelly. He callously utilised eleven-year old Ginevra Weasley in an attempt to both discredit her father in the Ministry, and remove Albus Dumbledore from his position as Headmaster of Hogwarts. This attempt would have resulted in her death if Harry Potter had not intervened.
Lucius could be intelligent and manipulative when he needed to be. Gaining respect and the good will of high-ranking individuals, through his fortune and family name. He even had influence with Minister for Magic Cornelius Fudge. Lucius' constant donations to important establishments were little more than bribing Fudge for classified information, delaying laws, and receiving undeserved rewards and recognitions.
While putting much effort into maintaining an appearance of respectability, Lucius's slick demeanour did little to hide his self-serving nature. He had no qualms about appealing to whichever side would be more beneficial to his social advancement. He was never unconditionally loyal because he didn't want to be put in a negative light with people on either end. During the Quidditch World Cup, he anonymously participated in the lowly torturing of Muggles but fled when the Dark Mark was cast in the sky. In fact, rather than going to find Lord Voldemort when he lost all his powers in the first place, he instead pretended to have seen the error of his ways and tried to ingratiate himself to the Ministry of Magic. He claimed that he was always alert for Voldemort's return but when Voldemort pointed out that he had fled from the Dark Mark, Lucius was instantly silenced. Despite this he did attempt to go through with Voldemort's plan of using his old school diary to open the Chamber of Secrets, not realising that the diary contained a piece of his master's soul (although Lucius was more focused on ridding himself of an incriminating piece of dark magic when the Ministry was conducting searches).
However, in spite of his ruthless and prejudiced nature, one of Lucius's more redeeming traits was that he was very loving and devoted towards his family, especially caring greatly for his wife and son. He and Narcissa were indulgent and protective of their only child, though Lucius also demonstrated that he had expectations for his son, in one instance berating him for being beaten academically by Hermione Granger. In the end, along with Narcissa, he demonstrated that his family was more important to him than serving Voldemort, especially after Voldemort lost both the respect and trust he once had for the Malfoys. Lucius' love for Draco and Narcissa also allowed him to overcome his more self-serving side as he charged straight into the thick of battle during the siege on Hogwarts in an attempt to find Draco, eventually locating him after Voldemort was finally defeated and the battle came to an end.
Despite his love for his son, Lucius became disappointed in Draco for losing his value in pure-blood supremacy after the Second Wizarding War, and for marrying Astoria Greengrass, who underwent similar changes to Draco's. Father and son had an argument for Draco's willingness to let the Malfoy bloodline end with him to preserve Astoria's frail body, showing Lucius maintains his believe in pure-blood supremacy over the well-being of a human being, and that the mistreatment he received from the Second Wizarding War did little to change his opportunistic and bigoted personality. He even employed Theodore Nott to create a "true" Time-Turner, a dangerous device that would give him the potential to go back in time to avert Voldemort's demise. Despite never using it, it shows Lucius remains inclined to the dark side, creating and keeping such a dangerous and illegal device, and passing it to his son.
Magical abilities and skills
Being one of Voldemort's inner circle and, up until the Battle of the Department of Mysteries, one of his most trusted and valued allies, Lucius was obviously a very powerful and experienced wizard:
- Love: Despite his cold and ruthless nature, Lucius was one of the only Death Eaters in Voldemort's inner circle who was capable of feeling genuine love. Lucius cared deeply about his family, especially Narcissa and Draco. In the end his love for his family drove him to abandon Voldemort and search for Draco, especially after Voldemort refused his offer to stop the battle in order for him to search for Draco while Voldemort searched for Harry Potter. His abandonment of Voldemort led to him avoiding another sentence in Azkaban along with his family.
- Leadership abilities: Lucius Malfoy served throughout the majority of the First Wizarding War and in the beginning of the second as the Dark Lord's second-in-command. During the Battle of the Department of Mysteries, Lucius proved himself to be a talented leader, remaining calm and focused on the mission even when faced with insolence and insults towards the Dark Lord. When Harry Potter and his friends made a run for it and split up to confuse them, Lucius quickly paired up the other Death Eaters and organised it so that they would be pursuing all the teenagers at the same time. If the objective was sufficiently important, he did not hesitate in leaving fallen comrades behind, focusing instead of seeing the Lord Voldemort’s order through to the very end.
- Dark Arts: His former house elf called him a Dark Wizard, and Lucius was a high-ranking Death Eater, being a member of Voldemort's innermost circle. He was proficient at the Imperius Curse, placing Broderick Bode under control. At one point, whilst overcome by rage, he attempted to curse Harry Potter, only to be repelled by Dobby. He was also known to enjoy the torture of Muggles, which he did more than once.
- Duelling: An advocate for violence and unafraid to use it himself, as the second-in-command of the Dark Lord himself, Lucius Malfoy would have had to participate and presumably lead fractions of the dark forces into battle several times. He fought both highly trained Aurors and Hit Wizards, as well as members of the Order of the Phoenix. Lucius most likely defeated and killed at least some of his adversaries in each of their respective ranks. Being a gentleman of stature, Lucius displayed great form and elegance in his duelling style, prudent for a man of his aristocratic heritage. During the Battle of the Department of Mysteries, where he showed proficient reflexes in deflecting Harry Potter's Stunning Spell with relative ease, contrasting at least two of his comrades who broke their ranks to avoid the ones from his friends. Shortly afterwards, he was able to hold his own against Remus Lupin. He was also notably the only Death Eater (apart from Severus Snape) who had enough confidence in his abilities to stand up to Bellatrix Lestrange, whose spell he deflected when aimed at Harry Potter.
- Potioneer: While in school at Hogwarts, Lucius was noted by Horace Slughorn to be proficent in potions.
- Nonverbal magic: Lucius was capable of duelling nonverbally.
- Apparition: Lucius was capable of Apparating. After the Return of the Dark Lord, he Apparated at the Little Hangleton Graveyard.
- Enchanted Cane: Lucius owned a walking stick that was enchanted with the shield charm to protect him from spells. His wand was hidden within the stick for sneak attack, so he could block and cast spells at the same time. The cane was also ornamented with a snake head at the top. This ornamentation was broken off by Voldemort in the Meeting at Malfoy Manor, when Voldemort forced Lucius to give him his wand, under the assumption that another's wand but not his own can kill Harry Potter.
- Poisons: In 1992 he was seen by Harry Potter selling dark poisons at Borgin and Burkes because the ministry was conducting raids on private homes.
- Tom Riddle's Diary: When he became a Death Eater, Lord Voldemort trusted Lucius with a Horcrux. However, Lucius attempted to use it in a way to discredit his enemies, the Weasley family, by slipping it into the luggage of Ginevra Weasley. This culminated in a turn of events where the diary was destroyed by Harry Potter in the Chamber of Secrets.
- Time-Turner: As an avid collector of powerful artefacts, Lucius had Theodore Nott create a new Time-Turner which was not restricted by the safety boundary of five hours as created by Ministry, nor by the boundary of the five minute restriction created by Nott's prototype. The improved Time-Turner gleamed gold and could travel back to any time for long duration. Lucius passed it down to Draco. Lucius and Draco kept it secret as the Ministry would have sent them to Azkaban for having such a dangerous artefact. Lucius never actually used it, and Draco believed his father actually preferred the world without Voldemort.
Although not much is known about Lucius's parents, it is known that they were both pure-blood. His father, Abraxas, died of a case of Dragon Pox, when he was very old. He was also a friend of Horace Slughorn. It is unknown when Lucius' mother died, but it is possible that she was not alive during the Second Wizarding War.
Wife and Son
Lucius and his wife, Narcissa, appeared to have a close and affectionate relationship. They both enjoyed being members of the social elite of the wizarding world and spoiling their only child, Draco. Lucius acquiesced to his wife’s wishes when she wanted their son to attend Hogwarts, rather than Durmstrang. Narcissa was very upset when her husband was briefly imprisoned in Azkaban and became highly defensive when others mentioned it. In 1997, when Lord Voldemort took over Malfoy Manor and demanded that Lucius give him his wand, he looked to Narcissa, and only when she touched his wrist, which gestured him to be calm, then he turned it over.
- Lucius: "I hope my son will amount to more than a thief or a plunderer, Borgin... Though if his school marks don't pick up, that may indeed be all he is fit for —"
- Draco: "It's not my fault. The teachers all have favourites, that Hermione Granger —"
- Lucius: "I would have thought you'd be ashamed that a girl of no wizard family beat you in every exam."
- — Lucius and Draco in Borgin and Burkes[src]
While both Lucius and Narcissa spoiled their son, Lucius was the more demanding parent. Regardless, he spoiled Draco with everything from unlimited freedom to money, and personally purchased broomsticks for the entire Slytherin Quidditch team when Draco was made Seeker. He was also openly critical of Draco’s school marks being lower than those of Hermione Granger, a Muggle-born witch, reproving Draco for his lack of effort to show her up. Draco looked up to his father, often boasting about his influence and emulating him. He was furious with Harry Potter after the Battle of the Department of Mysteries, blaming him for getting Lucius incarcerated.
Draco was terrified that his parents would be punished for his failure to assassinate Albus Dumbledore on Lord Voldemort's orders, and appeared to be close to accepting Dumbledore’s offer to keep them safe before Severus Snape interceded and killed the Headmaster. Lucius also cared far more about Draco than about his life as a Death Eater, begging Voldemort during the Battle of Hogwarts to allow him to go search for Draco. Once it resumed, neither Lucius nor Narcissa fought at all, instead desperately searching for their son.
In 2006, Lucius had a grandson, Scorpius through Draco and his wife, Astoria Greengrass. Lucius didn't think highly of Astoria, as she raised their grandson Scorpius with a more tolerant view on Muggles. It is unknown what kind of relationship Lucius and Scorpius had, given Astoria's nurturing. Scorpius also resembled Lucius physically, as he resembled Draco, too. However, Lucius' relationship with Draco seemed to have been slightly more strained since Astoria's marriage into the family, as Draco made it clear he was willing to let the Malfoy bloodline end with him in order to preserve his wife's frail body's health, which Lucius protested.
- Lucius: "What's the use of being a disgrace to the name of wizard if they don't even pay you well for it?"
- Arthur: "We have a very different idea about what disgraces the name of wizard, Malfoy."
- Lucius: "Clearly. Associating with Muggles. And I thought your family could sink no lower."
- — Lucius and Arthur Weasley in Flourish and Blotts in 1992[src]
Lucius and Arthur Weasley despised each other, often exchanging insults when they met, and even getting into a fistfight on at least one occasion. Lucius disdained the Weasley family for its poverty and so-called blood traitor status; while the Malfoys prized their pure-blood heritage, the Weasleys accepted Muggles and Muggle-borns. He and Arthur apparently clashed multiple times over this at the Ministry of Magic. When Arthur proposed the Muggle Protection Act in 1992, Lucius was furious to the point of trying to sabotage Arthur by placing an old diary of Tom Marvolo Riddle's on Arthur’s eleven-year-old daughter, Ginny, endangering her life as well as those of Muggle-born Hogwarts students, as this led to the opening of the Chamber of Secrets. Also, Arthur never believed Lucius' claim that he had been under the Imperius Curse during the First Wizarding War, indicating that their enmity likely dates back to their younger years.
Lucius took Severus Snape as a protege during their Hogwarts days, welcoming him into Slytherin House when Severus was sorted there and Lucius was a prefect, and as part of a group of future Death Eaters. Lucius continued to think and speak highly of Severus later in life, and Severus seemed to favour Draco as a student in his Potions class, leading Sirius Black to once acidly comment that Severus was Lucius’ lapdog. The fact that Narcissa Malfoy went to Severus for help when Lucius was in Azkaban and Draco had been given a dangerous mission by Voldemort demonstrates the trust and respect the Malfoys had for Severus. Severus, on his part, was the only Death Eater who continued to treat Lucius kindly after his fall from favour and was the one who convinced Voldemort to free him from Azkaban. It is unknown how Lucius reacted when he learnt of Snape's death and his true loyalties to Dumbledore.
Lucius did not seem to have very much respect for Bellatrix Lestrange, his sister-in-law, as the rest of the Death Eaters did. Bellatrix was a fanatically loyal Death Eater, who also fought for Lord Voldemort in the First and the Second Wizarding War. Lucius was antagonistic with Bellatrix due to usurping his place within the Death Eater ranks despite the fact she had been imprisoned in Azkaban for fourteen years, unlike Lucius. Their differences in loyalty in the Dark Lord also fuelled their antagonism for each other.
When Bellatrix wanted to kill Harry Potter during the Battle of the Department of Mysteries, Lucius restrained her. After the battle, Bellatrix told Narcissa that it was Lucius' fault that she couldn't give Voldemort the Prophecy. When Draco was made a Death Eater, she trained Draco herself In 1997, Bellatrix stayed with Lucius at his house, as she wanted to come closer to Voldemort, who was also staying there. Bellatrix and Lucius also fought together during the skirmish at Malfoy Manor, where they argued about who would call Voldemort when they caught Harry Potter. During the Battle of Hogwarts, Bellatrix was eventually killed by Molly Weasley, whether Lucius knew about this is unknown.
- "You've lost me my servant!"
- —Lucius to Harry Potter, after he freed Dobby.[src]
Dobby was Lucius' house-elf. Lucius treated Dobby with cruelty and abuse and was very sadistic with him. Dobby feared Lucius, but did everything Lucius ordered him. In 1993, Harry Potter freed Dobby by making Lucius give him a sock. Lucius became very angry and attempted to kill Harry. The last time Lucius saw Dobby was in 1998, when Dobby came to Malfoy Manor to rescue Harry Potter and his friends. Dobby was eventually killed by Bellatrix Lestrange. It is unknown how Lucius reacted when he learned it.
- Voldemort: "I have given you your liberty, Lucius, is that not enough for you? But I have noticed that you and your family seem less than happy of late… What is it about my presence in your home that displeases you, Lucius?"
- Lucius: "Nothing – nothing, my Lord!"
- Voldemort: "Such lies, Lucius."
- — Voldemort and Lucius in Malfoy Manor in 1997[src]
Lucius was one of Lord Voldemort’s most trusted and high-ranking Death Eaters, serving him in both the First and Second Wizarding Wars. Voldemort gave his diary Horcrux to Lucius to retain. Upon his rebirth in 1995, Voldemort questioned Lucius’ loyalty, since he had never tried to find the Dark Lord after his fall in 1981. Voldemort accepted Lucius’ explanations and exultations of devotion, and entrusted Lucius with the task of obtaining a prophecy concerning him and Harry Potter. Along with Lucius selfishly throwing away the diary Horcrux, his failure in retrieving the Prophecy and subsequent imprisonment in Azkaban made him and his family lose any favour in Voldemort’s eyes, and the Dark Lord may have given Lucius’ son a nearly impossible task to punish Lucius.
Although he broke Lucius out of Azkaban in 1997, along with many other Death Eaters, Voldemort treated him with disdain, taking over his home and his wand, and mocking the Malfoys for their relation to a werewolf through Narcissa’s niece. Lucius was desperate to regain his master’s favour, but the opportunity for this that came with the capture of Harry Potter in the spring of 1998 ended in disaster; Harry and his friends escaped, and the Malfoys were severely punished. By the Battle of Hogwarts, Lucius abandoned his loyalty to Voldemort to protect his family, and was pardoned for his crimes due to his last-minute defection.
Draco mentioned many years later that Lucius never wanted to use the "true" Time-Turner to save Voldemort, as he probably preferred a world without him, suggesting that even Lucius disliked the Dark Lord in the end, particularly due to the ill treatment Voldemort has given to the Malfoy family at their later half of their Death Eater services.
- "Father always said that Dumbledore was the worst thing that ever happened to this place."
- —Draco Malfoy discusses his father's opinion of Albus Dumbledore.[src]
Lucius Malfoy had a strong dislike of Albus Dumbledore. This is due to two reasons – Dumbledore believed in Muggle rights which contradicted Malfoy's pure blood beliefs. In addition, Lucius was a Death Eater, so he believed that Lord Voldemort was a much more powerful wizard than Dumbledore. Lucius always believed that Dumbledore becoming Headmaster was the worst thing that happened to Hogwarts.
In 1992, Lucius Malfoy was indirectly responsible for the second opening of the Chamber of Secrets. This was an attempt to discredit Arthur Weasley but Lucius also wanted to include Dumbledore by using the excuse of blaming him for doing nothing to stop the Chamber's opening. Lucius abused his position as a Hogwarts Governor and threatened the other Governors to vote for Dumbledore's suspension after several attacks on Hogwarts students. However, when Ginny Weasley was taken into the Chamber to lure Harry Potter, the other Governors decided to face Malfoy and Dumbledore was reinstated. Lucius was furious that Dumbledore dared to return to Hogwarts to help Harry successfully save Ginny, but Dumbledore was aware that Lucius had threatened the other Governors. Consequently, Lucius was sacked as a Hogwarts Governor.
In the following years, Lucius continued to dislike Dumbledore and cause trouble for him. When Voldemort was resurrected in 1995, Lucius returned to his service. As the Ministry was refusing to believe Dumbledore about Voldemort’s return, they started a smear campaign to discredit him. Lucius contributed to this smear campaign by describing Dumbledore as "eccentric" for his past choice of teachers including the werewolf Remus Lupin, half-giant Rubeus Hagrid and ex-Auror Alastor Moody. Later that year, Lucius participated in the Battle of the Department of Mysteries and fought against the Order of the Phoenix. However, he was arrested and sent to Azkaban.
Dumbledore believed that Lucius would feel "safe" in Azkaban because Voldemort was furious at Lucius' failure in the Department of Mysteries, and offered to protect Lucius along with Narcissa when Draco threatened to murder the headmaster.
- "Your parents were meddlesome fools, too. Mark my words, Potter: One day soon, you too will meet the same sticky end."
- —Lucius threatening Harry when the latter freed Dobby[src]
Lucius was the father of Draco Malfoy, Harry's school bully. During their first years at Hogwarts, Lucius discouraged their rivalry, feeling it wouldn't reflect well on them to be on poor terms with such a famous person. When Lucius first met Harry in Flourish and Blotts in 1992, he pretended to be polite to him.
After Harry succeeded in killing the basilisk in the Chamber of Secrets, he confronted Lucius about his suspicions on how Ginny obtained the diary at the beginning of the year and then tricked him into freeing his own servant Dobby. Lucius was furious and from that point on, treated him with cool contempt.
Lucius was a little bit more tactful around Harry than other Death Eaters (such as Bellatrix Lestrange) depending on the circumstances. However, Lucius didn't openly declare himself against him until after Lord Voldemort took control of the Ministry.
During the Battle of Hogwarts, the Malfoy family switched sides. This meant they were forgiven for their crimes. Draco made peace with Harry but they were not friends. It is likely that Lucius did the same, or merely decided to leave Harry and his family alone.
Cornelius Fudge was somewhat swayed by money and power. As a result, he favoured people like Lucius Malfoy. Malfoy influenced and likely bribed Cornelius Fudge many times during the latter's tenure as Minister for Magic. In the summer of 1994, Fudge invited Malfoy to occupy the top box with him at the Quidditch World Cup final, thanks to his "generous" donations to St Mungo's Hospital for Magical Maladies and Injuries.
In 1995, Lucius returned to Voldemort, but Fudge denied Voldemort's rebirth and insisted that Malfoy has switched sides, and the wealthy Malfoy continues to work with the Ministry. They met after Harry Potter's disciplinary hearing and went upstairs to Fudge's office, where Harry suspected Lucius gave gold to Fudge. Malfoy's frequent visits to Fudge also may have given him opportunity to put Ministry workers (such as Broderick Bode and Sturgis Podmore) under the Imperius Curse to attempt to steal a prophecy concerning Harry and Voldemort.
After the Battle of the Department of Mysteries, Fudge is forced to believe that Voldemort has returned, and all the Death Eaters who took part on the battle (with the exception of Bellatrix Lestrange) were sentenced to Azkaban, among them was Lucius. After being imprisoned, Lucius lost his job and influence at the Ministry; Fudge, having been blind to Lucius' true intentions until it was too late, also lost his career and popularity.
Rubeus Hagrid was not on good terms with the Malfoy family. He was disgusted with their pure blood supremacy, their bullying of Muggle-borns and blood traitors, their allegiance to Lord Voldemort and their disrespect to Albus Dumbledore, whom Hagrid was fiercely loyal to. In turn, the Malfoys disliked Hagrid, referring to him as an "oaf".
In particular, Hagrid disliked Lucius. In 1992, Hagrid had to separate Arthur Weasley and Lucius Malfoy from fighting in Flourish and Blotts. During the 1992–1993 school year, the Chamber of Secrets was opened. Lucius was indirectly responsible for the Chamber’s opening. However, Hagrid was blamed because he had been framed by Tom Riddle for the Chamber’s first opening fifty years before. As a result, Hagrid was arrested as a precautionary measure by Cornelius Fudge. Lucius was present at Hagrid’s arrest, although Hagrid reacted angrily to his presence and ordered him to get out of his house. Lucius mocked Hagrid by wondering how he called his small hut a “house”. Lucius was only present at Hagrid’s arrest because he had to inform Dumbledore that he and the other governors had voted on his suspension. Hagrid saw through Lucius and shouted at him accusing him of threatening the other governors. Lucius' response was to mock Hagrid’s temper and advising him not to shout at Azkaban guards like that. This instance proved that Hagrid did not trust Lucius. Lucius described Dumbledore’s decision to employ Hagrid as a teacher as “eccentric”.
In 1993, Lucius’ son Draco was injured by Hagrid’s Hippogriff Buckbeak. Lucius was furious and complained to the Ministry of Magic. At Buckbeak’s trial, Lucius was the witness for the prosecution. Hagrid desperately tried to defend Buckbeak but he lost due to Lucius’ influence at the Ministry. Buckbeak was sentenced to death but was saved by Harry and Hermione.
- The name Lucius may come from the Roman dictator Lucius Cornelius Sulla, who extra judiciously executed his rivals. His name could also be a reference to the Roman Emperor Lucius Domitius Ahenobarbus, also known as Nero. Lucius is a name that derives from Latin meaning "bright" or "intelligent" and is related to the name Lucifer, the first name of Satan, which may reference Lucius Malfoy being bright but evil, or just evil.
- Malfoy is derived from the French mal foi or mal foy, meaning bad faith or unfaithful.
- A Latin male first name. A character in Shakespeare's play Julius Caesar, Lucius is the servant of Brutus, the leader of the conspirators who plot against and assassinate Caesar.
Behind the scenes
- In the films, Malfoy is played by Jason Isaacs. To prepare for Harry Potter and the Chamber of Secrets, and to get a sense of how nasty Lucius should be, Isaacs went back and watched Tom Felton's performance in Harry Potter and the Philosopher's Stone. Brett Underwood appears as young Lucius Malfoy in a Slug Club photograph in Harry Potter and the Half-Blood Prince.
- In the film adaptation of Harry Potter and the Chamber of Secrets Lucius pushed Harry's hair back over his head to view his scar, which does not happen in the novel.
- In the film adaptation of Harry Potter and the Chamber of Secrets, Lucius during his encounter with Arthur Weasley curtly says to the latter "See you at work", implying that Lucius himself may actually work in the Ministry and thus act as Arthur's coworker. However, this does not seem to be the case in the books, as Draco mentions in Harry Potter and the Order of the Phoenix that "he's always popping in and out of the Ministry", implying he does not actually work there.
- However, the line in the film could also imply that Lucius has visited the Ministry enough times that he and Arthur caught glimpses of each other.
- In the film adaptation of Harry Potter and the Order of the Phoenix, Lucius accidentally smashes the prophecy in the Department of Mysteries, rather than Neville Longbottom.
- Despite not having an appearance in Harry Potter and the Half-Blood Prince as an adult, Jason Isaacs cameos in a photograph in the Daily Prophet, and Tony Coburn plays him in a Slug Club photo.
- In the novels, Lucius is not stated to have long hair. However, Jason Issacs requested long hair so that people could tell the difference between Lucius and Draco. 
- It is interesting to note that like his wife, Lucius Malfoy (perhaps subtly) tried to stop Voldemort from killing Harry. In Harry Potter and the Goblet of Fire, Lucius prompted Voldemort to tell the Death Eaters his backstory on how he returned to power after Voldemort stated that Harry was his guest of honour, which could have been the moment where Voldemort initially intended to duel and kill Harry. This, along with the courtesy and care towards Harry in the Department of Mysteries in the next book could establish that Lucius, as a father, does not like the thought of witnessing, let alone bring about, the murder of someone Draco's age, despite him being a sworn enemy.
- Lucius scolded Draco for badmouthing Harry, and reminds him it was not prudent for him for doing so since the wizarding community regarded Harry as the hero who has vanquished Voldemort.
- In Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows, when Bellatrix Lestrange attempted to summon Voldemort after the capture of Harry Potter, Lucius tried to stop her and argued that Harry has been summoned in his house, so it was him who should summon Voldemort instead.
- Also, in the films, Lucius' wand is concealed within a snake-handelled walking stick that he almost always carries with him. The walking stick may have magical abilities of its own, as Lucius is seen wielding it during a duel in the Battle of the Department of Mysteries until Harry Disarms him of it, to which Sirius Black comments "nice one".
- In the film adaptation of Harry Potter and the Chamber of Secrets, after Harry caused him to inadvertently set Dobby free, Lucius Malfoy was about to cast a curse at Harry, but was stopped by Dobby. In the film adaptation, it sounded as though he was about to cast the Killing Curse, because it sounded as though he said, "Avada-", the entire curse was not heard because he was cut off by Dobby. The attempted use of this curse was the result of an improvisation on Isaacs' part, as the script did not specify which curse he was supposed to use, so he used the first spell that came to his mind. 
- It is worth noting that the Killing Curse's incantation (Avada Kedavra) had not yet been introduced in the Chamber of Secrets novel. However, the film version was released after the publication of Harry Potter and the Goblet of Fire (where the incantation was first introduced), which may be the reason why Isaacs could utter the spell.
- Similarly, his dialogue to Harry where he sardonically states that they should hope that Harry Potter is still around to save the day, and Harry's response, was an improvisation by Jason Isaacs and Daniel Radcliffe, respectively, and was not in the original script. It was ad-libbed because Jason Isaacs felt it was completely out-of-character for Lucius Malfoy to simply let Dumbledore have the last word.
- In the two last films, Part 1 and Part 2 of Deathly Hallows, Lucius appears to be unshaved, having been put under pressure and stress by Lord Voldemort, not to mention being in Azkaban for a year or so, where he would have been living in poor state. As a result, he appears thinner and has bags under his eyes.
- In addition, Lucius did have a replacement wand in the 7th film, but was dispatched by Harry before he could use it.
- Lucius Malfoy is ranked Number 12 on the Forbes Fictional 15 list of the richest people in the world.
- A variety of Elder Futhark runes are depicted on Lucius's Azkaban placard. The easily identified ones are: Othila, which means "estate, heritage, possession" and corresponds to the Latin letter "o"; Ansuz (albeit rotated slightly), meaning "one of the Æsir (gods)" and corresponds to the Latin letter "a"; Uruz, meaning "wild ox" or "water"; and Mannaz, meaning "man". It is unknown if these serve any purpose (other than for identification, like the numbers and letters), though they may be a reference to different parts of his character. For example, Othila, which could represent his abundance of material possessions & wealth, as well as his emphasis on blood purity ("heritage").
- According to Lucius's actor, Jason Isaacs, in the Maximum Movie Mode of Deathly Hallows Part 2, he believed after the battle, Lucius felt isolated from not only from everyone but his family as well. 
- In LEGO Harry Potter: Years 5-7, Lucius was not able to perform a Killing Curse. Instead, he was able to release a peacock from his inventory. (It's strange because he was able to kill in LEGO Harry Potter: Years 1-4.) This is because of the game's design, where the Killing Curse at Death Eaters and the inventory takes the same slot. It is likely that Lucius was "disarmed" from this ability because there were a lot of playable Death Eaters in the game who could perform a Killing Curse.
- The filmmakers had planned for Lucius to appear at the execution of Buckbeak in the film adaptation of Harry Potter and the Prisoner of Azkaban and be outraged when Buckbeak escaped; however, Jason Issacs was unavailable for filming at the time.
- Recently, New Zealand biologist Tom Saunders named a new species of wasp after Lucius (Lusius malfoyi).
- According to Saunders, "People see wasps as villains, as the 'bad guys.' But the truth is that the vast majority of wasp species are either neutral or beneficial, from a human standpoint. Just as Lucius Malfoy is pardoned after separating from Voldemort's allies, I'm asking people to pardon wasps in order to restore their reputation as interesting, important creatures."
- Harry Potter and the Philosopher's Stone (First mentioned) (Mentioned as "dad")
- Harry Potter and the Philosopher's Stone (film) (Mentioned only) (Mentioned as "dad")
- Harry Potter and the Chamber of Secrets (First appearance) (First identified as Lucius Malfoy)
- Harry Potter and the Chamber of Secrets (film)
- Harry Potter and the Chamber of Secrets (video game)
- Harry Potter and the Prisoner of Azkaban (Mentioned only)
- Harry Potter and the Prisoner of Azkaban (film) (Mentioned only)
- Harry Potter and the Prisoner of Azkaban (video game) (Mentioned only)
- Harry Potter and the Goblet of Fire
- Harry Potter and the Goblet of Fire (film)
- Harry Potter and the Order of the Phoenix
- Harry Potter and the Order of the Phoenix (film)
- Harry Potter and the Order of the Phoenix (video game)
- Harry Potter and the Half-Blood Prince (Mentioned only)
- Harry Potter and the Half-Blood Prince (film) (Appears in photographs)
- Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows
- Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows: Part 1
- Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows: Part 1 (video game)
- Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows: Part 2
- Harry Potter: A Pop-Up Book
- LEGO Harry Potter: Building the Magical World
- LEGO Harry Potter: Characters of the Magical World
- LEGO Harry Potter: Years 1-4
- LEGO Harry Potter: Years 5-7
- Harry Potter for Kinect
- LEGO Harry Potter
- Harry Potter: The Character Vault
- Harry Potter: The Creature Vault (mentioned only)
Notes and references
- ↑ 1.0 1.1 1.2 Harry Potter and the Order of the Phoenix, Chapter 15 (The Hogwarts High Inquisitor) tells us that he was 41 when he gave an interview to the Daily Prophet published in September 1995. 2 September in the book is Monday. Then the week goes by. The next Monday is the day the article is published. The article is about an event announced on the Sunday. Malfoy gave his interview that night. He was already 41, or turned 41 on that Sunday. Since Monday was the 2nd, Sunday was the 8th meaning he was born between 9 September 1953 (he could only have turned 42 that day for the interview age to be true) or 8 September 1954 (if he turned 41 the day of or before the interview).
- ↑ World Exclusive Interview with J K Rowling.The Malfoys are known British.
- ↑ In Harry Potter and the Cursed Child, Draco says Scorpius is his "sole heir... he's my only family". He speaks of Lucius in past tense, such as how he "liked owning things" and "preferred a world without Voldemort". Harry asks Draco whether he now has the Time-Turner made for Lucius, implying Draco had inherited it. However, Writing by J.K. Rowling: "Draco Malfoy" at Pottermore states that "Astoria refused to raise their grandson Scorpius in the belief that Muggles were scum, family gatherings were often fraught with tension", meaning Lucius was alive for a couple of years in Scorpius's childhood at least. He was born in late 2005 or early 2006, meaning Lucius would have died some point after 2007/2008, but before October 2020 when Draco had the conversation with Harry.
- ↑ 4.0 4.1 Writing by J.K. Rowling: "Draco Malfoy" at Pottermore - "With the unquestioning belief in his own superior status he has imbibed from his pure-blood parents, he initially offers Harry friendship on the assumption that the offer needs only to be made to be accepted."
- ↑ 5.0 5.1 5.2 Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows, Chapter 33 (The Prince's Tale) - "And Severus Snape moved off to the other side of the Hall, away from Lily, to where the Slytherins were cheering him, to where Lucius Malfoy, a prefect badge gleaming upon his chest, patted Snape on the back as he sat down beside him. ..."
- ↑ 6.0 6.1 6.2 Harry Potter and the Goblet of Fire, Chapter 8 (The Quidditch World Cup) - "A pale boy with a pointed face and white-blond hair, Draco greatly resembled his father."
- ↑ Harry Potter and the Goblet of Fire, Chapter 8 (The Quidditch World Cup) - "Mr Malfoy’s cold grey eyes swept over Mr Weasley, and then up and down the row."
- ↑ Harry Potter and the Chamber of Secrets, Chapter 14 (Cornelius Fudge) - "Dumbledore had not taken his bright blue eyes off Lucius Malfoy’s cold grey ones."
- ↑ Harry Potter and the Chamber of Secrets, Chapter 18 (Dobby's Reward) - "Mr Malfoy went even paler than usual, but his eyes were still slits of fury."
- ↑ Harry Potter and the Chamber of Secrets, Chapter 18 (Dobby's Reward) - "He saw Mr Malfoy’s white hands clench and unclench."
- ↑ Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows, Chapter 1 (The Dark Lord Ascending) -"Malfoy glanced sideways at his wife. She was staring straight ahead, quite as pale as he was, her long blonde hair hanging down her back, but beneath the table her slim fingers closed briefly on his wrist."
- ↑ Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows, Chapter 23 (Malfoy Manor) - "“Of course not, of course not!” said Lucius impatiently. He approached Harry himself, came so close that Harry could see the usually languid, pale face in sharp detail even through his swollen eyes."
- ↑ LEGO Harry Potter: Years 1-4
- ↑ 14.0 14.1 14.2 14.3 14.4 14.5 14.6 Writing by J.K. Rowling: "The Malfoy Family" at Pottermore
- ↑ Harry Potter and the Philosopher's Stone, Chapter 5 (Diagon Alley)
- ↑ Harry Potter and the Half-Blood Prince, Chapter 7 (The Slug Club) - "My father used to be a bit of a favourite of his."
- ↑ The Road to Hogwarts Sweepstakes (see this image)
- ↑ Explore the Story: Draco Malfoy at Pottermore
- ↑ Harry Potter and the Goblet of Fire, Chapter 33 (The Death Eaters) - "“Lucius, my slippery friend,” he whispered, halting before him. “I am told that you have not renounced the old ways, though to the world you present a respectable face. You are still ready to take the lead in a spot of Muggle-torture, I believe?
- ↑ 20.0 20.1 Harry Potter and the Chamber of Secrets, Chapter 3 (The Burrow)
- ↑ 21.0 21.1 21.2 21.3 21.4 Writing by J.K. Rowling: "Draco Malfoy" at Pottermore
- ↑ 22.0 22.1 Harry Potter and the Goblet of Fire, Chapter 33 (The Death Eaters)
- ↑ Harry Potter and the Goblet of Fire, Chapter 11 (Aboard the Hogwarts Express)
- ↑ Harry Potter and the Chamber of Secrets, Chapter 12 (The Polyjuice Potion)
- ↑ 25.0 25.1 25.2 The Tales of Beedle the Bard
- ↑ Harry Potter and the Chamber of Secrets
- ↑ Harry Potter and the Chamber of Secrets, Chapter 4 (At Flourish and Blotts)
- ↑ Harry Potter and the Chamber of Secrets, Chapter 1 (The Worst Birthday)
- ↑ Harry Potter and the Chamber of Secrets, Chapter 7 (Mudbloods And Murmurs)
- ↑ Harry Potter and the Chamber of Secrets (film)
- ↑ Harry Potter and the Chamber of Secrets, Chapter 14 (Cornelius Fudge)
- ↑ 32.0 32.1 Harry Potter and the Chamber of Secrets, Chapter 18 (Dobby's Reward)
- ↑ Harry Potter and the Prisoner of Azkaban
- ↑ 34.0 34.1 Harry Potter and the Goblet of Fire
- ↑ 35.0 35.1 35.2 35.3 35.4 Harry Potter and the Half-Blood Prince
- ↑ 36.0 36.1 36.2 36.3 36.4 36.5 Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows
- ↑ Bloomsbury Webschat with J.K. Rowling 30 July 2007
- ↑ 38.0 38.1 38.2 Harry Potter and the Cursed Child, Act Four, Scene Four
- ↑ Writing by J.K. Rowling: "Pure-Blood" at Pottermore
- ↑ 40.0 40.1 40.2 Harry Potter and the Chamber of Secrets
- ↑ 41.0 41.1 Harry Potter and the Order of the Phoenix, Chapter 26 (Seen and Unforeseen)
- ↑ Voldemort said in the fourth book that Lucius "still" took the lead in a spot of Muggle torture.
- ↑ Draco Malfoy's page on Pottermore tells us that "All his life, he had idolised a father who advocated violence and was not afraid to use it himself, and now that his son discovered in himself a distaste for murder, he felt it to be a shameful failing." Evidently, while not murderous and sadistic like Bellatrix, Draco is aware that his father readily partook in disposing of the enemies of the Dark Lord when ordered to do so/deeming it necessary.
- ↑ Harry Potter and the Order of the Phoenix (film)
- ↑ Harry Potter and the Order of the Phoenix, Chapter 24 (Occlumency)
- ↑ Brett Underwood's profile on Casting Call Pro
- ↑ https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=U5don9ACZEI&t=54s
- ↑ Forbes Fictional 15: Lucius Malfoy
- ↑ Wikipedia - Rune names
- ↑ http://www.cnn.com/2017/10/10/asia/harry-potter-wasp-lusius-malfoyi-lucius-malfoy/index.html