Known family members
- E. Lima — a competitor in duelling competitions
- Edwardus Lima — author of The Monster Book of Monsters
- Mina Lima — a witch mentioned in an issue of the Quibbler
- Taís de Lima — a muggle-born witch, Slytherpuff
Lima is a Portuguese habitational surname for a person who lives along the Limia River (called Lima in Portuguese), which runs through Spain into Portugal, and was believed by the ancient Romans to be the mythical Lethe. As a Spanish surname, Lima is of uncertain origin, but may derive from lima, "file."
Lima is also the capital city of Peru. Its name derives from limaq ("talker" in coastal Quechua), an oracle that was located in the city's area from some point before the 15th century, and was eventually destroyed by the Spanish.