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{{Pottermoreold}}
 
{{Pottermoreold}}
 
{{Youmay|the Levitation Charm|the [[Wizard rock]] [[List of wrock bands#Wingardium Leviosa|band]] named after its incantation}}
 
{{Youmay|the Levitation Charm|the [[Wizard rock]] [[List of wrock bands#Wingardium Leviosa|band]] named after its incantation}}
{{Spell_infobox
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{{Spell infobox
 
|name=Levitation Charm
 
|name=Levitation Charm
|image=[[File:Wingardium leviosa.jpg|250px]]
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|image=[[File:Tumblr m1637aAs591qeb3sro5 r1 250.gif|250px]]
|incantation=''Wingardium Leviosa''<ref name="PS10">''[[Harry Potter and the Philosopher's Stone]]'' - Chapter 10 (''Hallowe'en'')</ref>
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|incantation=''Wingardium Leviosa''<ref name="PS10">''[[Harry Potter and the Philosopher's Stone]]'' - Chapter 10 (''Hallowe'en'')</ref><br/>(wing-GAR-dee-um levi-O-sa)<ref name="PS10"/>
|pronunciation=wing-GAR-dee-um levi-O-sa<ref name="PS10"/>
 
 
|type=[[Charm]]<ref name="PS10"/>
 
|type=[[Charm]]<ref name="PS10"/>
|hand=Swish and flick<ref name="PS10"/>
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|hand=[[File:Levitation-charm.png]]
 
|light=
 
|light=
 
|effect=Makes objects fly<ref name="PS10"/>
 
|effect=Makes objects fly<ref name="PS10"/>
 
|creator=[[Jarleth Hobart]] ([[1540s|1544]])<ref name="WBoS">''[[Wonderbook: Book of Spells]]'' - see [http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=2n5prI9L6G8 this video]</ref>
 
|creator=[[Jarleth Hobart]] ([[1540s|1544]])<ref name="WBoS">''[[Wonderbook: Book of Spells]]'' - see [http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=2n5prI9L6G8 this video]</ref>
 
}}
 
}}
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{{Quote|The Levitation Charm is one of the first spells learnt by any young witch or wizard. With the charm a witch or wizard can make things fly with the flick of a wand. The charm is an excellent test of your magical skills, wand control and above all, patience.|An excerpt from the entry in the ''[[Book of Spells]]''|Wonderbook: Book of Spells}}
{{Quote|The Levitation Charm is one of the first spells learnt by any young witch or wizard. With the charm a witch or wizard can make things fly with the flick of a wand. The charm is an excellent test of your magical skills, wand control and above all, patience.|An excerpt from the entry in ''[[Book of Spells]]'' on this charm.|Wonderbook: Book of Spells}}
 
   
 
The '''Levitation Charm'''<ref name="POTTERMORE1">See [[:File:StandardBookofSpells1Pottermore.jpg|this image]] from [[J. K. Rowling]]'s ''[[Pottermore]]''.</ref> (''Wingardium Leviosa''<ref name="PS10"/>) is a [[charm]] used to make objects fly,<ref name="PS10"/> taught to [[first year]]s at [[Hogwarts School of Witchcraft and Wizardry]].<ref name="PS10"/>
 
The '''Levitation Charm'''<ref name="POTTERMORE1">See [[:File:StandardBookofSpells1Pottermore.jpg|this image]] from [[J. K. Rowling]]'s ''[[Pottermore]]''.</ref> (''Wingardium Leviosa''<ref name="PS10"/>) is a [[charm]] used to make objects fly,<ref name="PS10"/> taught to [[first year]]s at [[Hogwarts School of Witchcraft and Wizardry]].<ref name="PS10"/>
   
There are a number of lesser variations of the Levitation Charm, such as the [[Hover Charm]], the [[Rocket Charm]]  and the [[Floating Charm]], just to name a few, but the Levitation Charm remains the original and best.<ref name="WBoS"/>
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There are a number of lesser variations of the Levitation Charm, such as the [[Hover Charm]], the [[Rocket Charm]] and the [[Floating Charm]], just to name a few, but the Levitation Charm remains the original and best.<ref name="WBoS"/>
   
 
==History==
 
==History==
 
{{Quote|The Levitation Charm was invented in 1544 by warlock Jarleth Hobart who mistakenly believed that he had at last succeeded in doing what wizardkind had so far failed to do, and learnt to fly.|[[Miranda Goshawk]], ''[[Book of Spells]]''.|Wonderbook: Book of Spells}}
 
{{Quote|The Levitation Charm was invented in 1544 by warlock Jarleth Hobart who mistakenly believed that he had at last succeeded in doing what wizardkind had so far failed to do, and learnt to fly.|[[Miranda Goshawk]], ''[[Book of Spells]]''.|Wonderbook: Book of Spells}}
[[File:HobartLevitating.jpg|left|thumb|350px|Hobart's first public use of the charm, on himself, in [[1540s|1544]].]]
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[[File:HobartLevitating.jpg|thumb|left|230px|Hobart's first public use of the charm, on himself, in [[1540s|1544]].]]
 
The Levitation Charm was first developed in the [[16th century|sixteenth century]], and [[warlock]] [[Jarleth Hobart]] is credited with its creation.
 
The Levitation Charm was first developed in the [[16th century|sixteenth century]], and [[warlock]] [[Jarleth Hobart]] is credited with its creation.
   
 
On [[16 July]], [[1540s|1544]], Hobart invited a large crowd of wizards, among which was the [[Chief Warlock of the Wizengamot in 1544|Chief Warlock of the Wizengamot]], to witness his "maiden flight" — a public demonstration of his own revolutionary charm on himself. He climbed onto the roof of his local church and, after several speeches and a rousing performance of the [[National anthem of the United Kingdom|national anthem]] he leapt and, having cast the spell, was left hovering in mid-air. At first, he seemed to have succeeded but, after having spent nearly three minutes watching him hanging in mid-air, the crowd grew impatient to see him move somewhere, and booed him.
 
On [[16 July]], [[1540s|1544]], Hobart invited a large crowd of wizards, among which was the [[Chief Warlock of the Wizengamot in 1544|Chief Warlock of the Wizengamot]], to witness his "maiden flight" — a public demonstration of his own revolutionary charm on himself. He climbed onto the roof of his local church and, after several speeches and a rousing performance of the [[National anthem of the United Kingdom|national anthem]] he leapt and, having cast the spell, was left hovering in mid-air. At first, he seemed to have succeeded but, after having spent nearly three minutes watching him hanging in mid-air, the crowd grew impatient to see him move somewhere, and booed him.
   
In response to the catcalls, Hobart tried to move in midair, and started performing vigorous swimming movements, which produced no effect. Mistakingly believing that his clothes were making him heavier and impeding his movement, Hobart stripped thus making him fall ten feet onto the ground below, as it were the clothes that were holding him up in the air — ''they'' had been charmed by the Levitation Charm, not Hobart himself. He fell completely naked on the ground, breaking sixteen bones, and went on the receive a fine for "outrageous silliness" from the [[Chief Warlock of the Wizengamot in 1544|Chief Warlock]].
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In response to the catcalls, Hobart tried to move in midair, and started performing vigorous swimming movements, which produced no effect. Mistakingly believing that his clothes were making him heavier and impeding his movement, Hobart stripped thus making him fall ten feet onto the ground below, as it were the clothes that were holding him up in the air — ''they'' had been charmed by the Levitation Charm, not Hobart himself. He fell completely naked on the ground, breaking sixteen bones, and went on the receive a fine for "outrageous silliness" from the [[Chief Warlock of the Wizengamot in 1544|Chief Warlock]].
   
Hobart returned home, humiliated, where he realised that his spell could make objects levitate for varying lenghts of time, depending on the skill of the spellcaster and on the weight of the object. He also concluded that small animals or even children could be levitated, but that they had no control whatsoever of their movement once airbourne.
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Hobart returned home, humiliated, where he realised that his spell could make objects levitate for varying lengths of time, depending on the skill of the spellcaster and on the weight of the object. He also concluded that small animals or even children could be levitated, but that they had no control whatsoever of their movement once airborne.
   
He thus made a second announcement, and an even larger crowd gathered to see his second demonstration of the spell (hoping for another laugh at his expense). Hobart's demonstration was, at first, by far more successful than the first one: he showed the onlookers how he could easily levitate objects ranging from small rocks to fallen trees. Hobart decided that, for a finale, we would leviatate the [[Chief Warlock of the Wizengamot in 1544|Chief Warlock]]'s hat — what he managed to levitate, however, was the Chief's wig, exposing his bald head to the gathered crowd. The Chief was not amused, and was determined to [[duel]] Hobart, but the warlock Levitated the Chief's robes over his head, and ran for it.
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He thus made a second announcement, and an even larger crowd gathered to see his second demonstration of the spell (hoping for another laugh at his expense). Hobart's demonstration was, at first, by far more successful than the first one: he showed the onlookers how he could easily levitate objects ranging from small rocks to fallen trees. Hobart decided that, for a finale, he would levitate the [[Chief Warlock of the Wizengamot in 1544|Chief Warlock]]'s hat — what he managed to levitate, however, was the Chief's wig, exposing his bald head to the gathered crowd. The Chief was not amused, and was determined to [[duel]] Hobart, but the Warlock levitated the Chief's robes over his head, and ran for it.
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This is also the first spell students learn to cast during their [[Charms (class)|Charms]] lessons in the first year. They revise it in the second <ref>{{COSVG}}</ref> and their third year.<ref>{{POAVG}}</ref> The theoretical Charms [[O.W.L.]] exam includes a question on the Levitation Charm. [[Hermione Granger]] was the first student in her class to levitate a feather.
   
 
==Effects==
 
==Effects==
 
{{Quote|He eventually realised that he had invented a spell that would lift objects into the air and could cause them to hover for varying lengths of time, depending on their weight, and the skill of the spellcaster.|An excerpt from the entry in ''[[Book of Spells]]''.|Wonderbook: Book of Spells}}
 
{{Quote|He eventually realised that he had invented a spell that would lift objects into the air and could cause them to hover for varying lengths of time, depending on their weight, and the skill of the spellcaster.|An excerpt from the entry in ''[[Book of Spells]]''.|Wonderbook: Book of Spells}}
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The Levitation Charm appears to be an improvement on both the ''[[Levitation spell|Levioso]]'' and ''[[Locomotor]]'' spells and/or the [[Hover Charm]], being able to lift objects high in to the air but also allowing one to magically move them through it as well. It also conveniently defies gravity by lifting objects heavier than a normal person would otherwise be able to carry, as seen when Ron used this on a troll's club, something a first year Hogwarts student would otherwise never be able to do without magic.
 
The Levitation Charm appears to be an improvement on both the ''[[Levitation spell|Levioso]]'' and ''[[Locomotor]]'' spells and/or the [[Hover Charm]], being able to lift objects high in to the air but also allowing one to magically move them through it as well. It also conveniently defies gravity by lifting objects heavier than a normal person would otherwise be able to carry, as seen when Ron used this on a troll's club, something a first year Hogwarts student would otherwise never be able to do without magic.
   
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Almost anything can be lifted with this spell, although the object levitated depends on the skill of the [[Wizardkind|caster]] and the weight of the object<ref name="WBoS"/>
 
Almost anything can be lifted with this spell, although the object levitated depends on the skill of the [[Wizardkind|caster]] and the weight of the object<ref name="WBoS"/>
   
== At Hogwarts ==
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==Uses and practitioners==
This is the first spell students learn to cast during their Charms lessons in the first year. They revise it in the second <ref>Chamber of Secrets video game</ref> and their third year<ref>Prisoner of Azkaban video game</ref>. The theoreical Charms OWL exam includes a question on the Levitation Charm.
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[[File:Tumblr_m4rfvme2VS1qg1krko3_250.gif|frame|[[Harry potter]] using the Levitation Charm in [[1992]]]]
   
==Etymology==
 
''Wingardium'' is a composite word, based on: English ''to wing'' meaning "to fly" (e.g. the plane winged skywards<ref>[http://oxforddictionaries.com/definition/wing Wing, definition of]</ref>); ''arduus'' (meaning "high, tall, lofty, steep, proudly elevated"<ref name="The Orb">http://www.the-orb.net/latwords.html Latin word list]</ref><ref>[http://www.online-dictionary.biz/latin/english/meaning/arduus Arduus, meaning of]</ref>) or ''arduum'' (meaning "steep place, the steep"<ref name="The Orb"/><ref>[http://www.online-dictionary.biz/latin/english/meaning/arduum Arduum, meaning of]</ref>); and the common Latin ending ''-ium''. ''Leviosa'' probably derives from Latin ''levo'', meaning to "raise, lift up", or ''levis'', meaning light (of weight)<ref name="The Orb"/><ref>[http://www.online-dictionary.biz/latin/english/meaning/levis Levis, meaning of</ref>. Altogether, therefore, the incantation could best be read as "lift up high".
 
 
==Known uses and practitioners==
 
[[File:Wingardiumleviosa.jpg|thumb|left|[[Hermione Granger]] casting the charm in her first year]]
 
 
{{Dialogue a-b|Ron Weasley|Wingardium Leviosa!|Hermione|You're saying it wrong. It's Wing-gar-dium Levi-o-sa, make the 'gar' nice and long.|[[Hermione Granger]] condescending to [[Ronald Weasley]] regarding the proper way to say the incantation|Harry Potter and the Philosopher's Stone}}
 
{{Dialogue a-b|Ron Weasley|Wingardium Leviosa!|Hermione|You're saying it wrong. It's Wing-gar-dium Levi-o-sa, make the 'gar' nice and long.|[[Hermione Granger]] condescending to [[Ronald Weasley]] regarding the proper way to say the incantation|Harry Potter and the Philosopher's Stone}}
 
*The first use of the spell was that of [[Jarleth Hobart|Hobart]] using it in [[1544]] on himself as he leapt from the roof of a local church, remaining suspended in mid-air for a brief period of time before the crowd of wizards gathered to watch his new spell.
 
*The first use of the spell was that of [[Jarleth Hobart|Hobart]] using it in [[1544]] on himself as he leapt from the roof of a local church, remaining suspended in mid-air for a brief period of time before the crowd of wizards gathered to watch his new spell.
*[[Harry Potter]] used this spell in [[1992]] to [[levitation|levitate]] two cakes containing a [[Sleeping Draught]].<ref name=CSf">''[[Harry Potter and the Chamber of Secrets (film)]]''</ref> He later used it during the [[Battle of the Department of Mysteries]] to attempt to remove some brains from his friend [[Ronald Weasley|Ron]], who they had attacked. Harry used the spell a third time during the [[Battle of the Seven Potters]] to levitate the side-car he was sitting in after it was separated from [[Sirius Black's motorcycle|the motorbike it was connected to]].
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*[[Harry Potter]] used this spell in [[1992]] to [[levitation|levitate]] two cakes containing [[Sleeping Draught]].<ref name="CSf">''[[Harry Potter and the Chamber of Secrets (film)]]''</ref> He later used it during the [[Battle of the Department of Mysteries]] in an attempt to remove some brains from his friend [[Ronald Weasley|Ron]], whom they had attacked. Harry used the spell a third time during the [[Battle of the Seven Potters]] to levitate the side-car he was sitting in after it was separated from [[Sirius Black's motorcycle|the motorbike it was connected to]].
[[Hermione Granger]] used it twice; first in [[1991]], she was the first student in her [[Charms (class)|charms class]] to master the spell in the first lesson; whilst doing so she attempted to teach [[Ronald Weasley|Ron Weasley]] how to correctly cast the spell, much to his annoyance.<ref name="PS"/> Then she cast it again six years later to move [[Ronald Weasley|Ron]] from wreckage in [[Lovegood House|a house they were visiting]] after a [[Erumpent horn|dangerous artifact]] exploded. 
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*[[Hermione Granger]] used it twice; first in [[1991]], she was the first student in her [[Charms (class)|charms class]] to master the spell in the first lesson; whilst doing so she attempted to teach [[Ronald Weasley|Ron Weasley]] how to correctly cast the spell, much to his annoyance.<ref name="PS">''[[Harry Potter and the Philosopher's Stone]]''</ref> Then she cast it again six years later to move [[Ronald Weasley|Ron]] from wreckage in [[Lovegood House|a house they were visiting]] after a [[Erumpent horn|dangerous artefact]] exploded. 
[[Lee Jordan]] used this spell twice in [[1996]] to levitate [[Niffler|nifflers]] into [[Dolores Umbridge|his professor's]] office to annoy her; however, eventually [[Rubeus Hagrid|another of his teachers]] got blamed for it.
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*[[Lee Jordan]] used this spell twice in [[1996]] to levitate [[niffler]]s into [[Dolores Umbridge|his professor's]] office to annoy her; however, eventually [[Rubeus Hagrid|another of his teachers]] got blamed for it.
[[Severus Snape]] may have used this spell in [[October]] [[1996]] so that he could examine a [[Opal necklace|cursed necklace]] without touching it, though that might have been a [[Hover Charm]]. [[Ronald Weasley]] used this spell twice; once in [[1991]] to defeat a [[Mountain Troll|troll]] which [[Quirinus Quirrell|Professor Quirrell]] had let into the school<ref name="PS"/> and again [[1998|seven years later]] to levitate a twig in order to press the knot on the [[Hogwarts Whomping Willow|tree that was trying to beat him up]] which would freeze the aforementioned tree. <ref>''[[Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows]]''-Chapter 32 (''The Elder Wand'')</ref>. Lastly, [[Xenophilius Lovegood]] used this spell in [[1998]] to attempt to clear wreckage on his staircase in order to apprehend [[Harry Potter]] during the [[Ambush at the Lovegood House|confrontation at his house]].<ref name="DH">[[Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows</ref>
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*[[Severus Snape]] may have used this spell in [[October]] [[1996]] so that he could examine a [[Opal necklace|cursed necklace]] without touching it, though that might have been a [[Hover Charm]].
The [[fifth year]] [[Charms]] [[Ordinary Wizarding Level|O.W.L]], both written and practical, concerned this spell.
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*[[Ronald Weasley]] used this spell twice; once in [[1991]] to defeat a [[Mountain Troll|troll]] which [[Quirinus Quirrell|Professor Quirrell]] had let into the school<ref name="PS"/> and again [[1998|seven years later]] to levitate a twig in order to press the knot on the [[Hogwarts Whomping Willow|tree that was trying to beat him up]] which would freeze the aforementioned tree.<ref>''[[Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows]]''-Chapter 32 (''The Elder Wand'')</ref>
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*[[Xenophilius Lovegood]] used this spell in [[1998]] to attempt to clear wreckage on his staircase in order to apprehend [[Harry Potter]] during the [[Ambush at the Lovegood House|confrontation at his house]].<ref name="DH">[[Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows</ref>
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*[[Professor McGonagall]] also used this spell during the [[Ousting of Severus Snape]], causing a torch to fly off of its bracket and spin around, creating a wild movement of flames similar to that of a lasso in an attempt to thwart the [[death Eater]].
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*The [[fifth year]] [[Charms]] [[Ordinary Wizarding Level|O.W.L]], both written and practical, concerned this spell.
   
 
===Other practitioners===
 
===Other practitioners===
 
*[[Orabella Nuttley]]
 
*[[Orabella Nuttley]]
*[[Bellatrix Lestrange]] <ref>''[[Harry Potter and the Order of the Phoenix]]''</ref>
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*[[Bellatrix Lestrange]] <ref name="ReferenceA">''[[Harry Potter and the Order of the Phoenix]]''</ref>
 
*[[Colin Creevey]] <ref name="OOTPvg"/>
 
*[[Colin Creevey]] <ref name="OOTPvg"/>
 
*[[Dean Thomas]] <ref name="OOTPvg"/>
 
*[[Dean Thomas]] <ref name="OOTPvg"/>
*[[Draco Malfoy]] <ref>''[[Harry Potter and the Order of the Phoenix]]''</ref>
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*[[Draco Malfoy]] <ref name="ReferenceA"/>
 
*[[Filius Flitwick]]
 
*[[Filius Flitwick]]
 
*[[Fred Weasley]] <ref name="OOTPvg"/>
 
*[[Fred Weasley]] <ref name="OOTPvg"/>
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*[[Quirinus Quirrell]]<ref>Harry Potter and the Philosopher's Stone (video game)</ref>
 
*[[Quirinus Quirrell]]<ref>Harry Potter and the Philosopher's Stone (video game)</ref>
 
*[[Sirius Black]] <ref name="OOTPvg">''[[Harry Potter and the Order of the Phoenix (video game)]]''</ref>
 
*[[Sirius Black]] <ref name="OOTPvg">''[[Harry Potter and the Order of the Phoenix (video game)]]''</ref>
  +
  +
==Etymology==
  +
''Wingardium'' is a composite word, based on: English ''to wing'' meaning "to fly" (e.g. the plane winged skywards<ref>[http://oxforddictionaries.com/definition/wing Wing, definition of]</ref>); ''arduus'' (meaning "high, tall, lofty, steep, proudly elevated"<ref name="The Orb">[http://www.the-orb.net/latwords.html Latin word list]</ref><ref>[http://www.online-dictionary.biz/latin/english/meaning/arduus Arduus, meaning of]</ref>) or ''arduum'' (meaning "steep place, the steep"<ref name="The Orb"/><ref>[http://www.online-dictionary.biz/latin/english/meaning/arduum Arduum, meaning of]</ref>); and the common Latin ending ''-ium''. ''Leviosa'' probably derives from Latin ''levo'', meaning to "raise, lift up", or ''levis'', meaning light (of weight).<ref name="The Orb"/><ref>[http://www.online-dictionary.biz/latin/english/meaning/levis Levis, meaning of]</ref> Altogether, therefore, the incantation could best be read as "lift up high".
   
 
==Behind the scenes==
 
==Behind the scenes==
  +
[[File:Wingardium_Leviosa_shown_on_blackboard.png|thumb|left|220px|The movement shown on a blackboard.]]
  +
 
{{Quote|This charm ought not to be seen as a joke spell. It can be most useful in duels and can lift physical obstacles and can even Levitate small creatures (though this is likely to confuse any poor animal and is certainly not to be encouraged).|An excerpt from ''[[Book of Spells]]''.|Wonderbook: Book of Spells}}
 
{{Quote|This charm ought not to be seen as a joke spell. It can be most useful in duels and can lift physical obstacles and can even Levitate small creatures (though this is likely to confuse any poor animal and is certainly not to be encouraged).|An excerpt from ''[[Book of Spells]]''.|Wonderbook: Book of Spells}}
  +
 
*Whilst it was originally assumed that this spell and the [[Hover Charm]] were the same, they are not; the Hover Charm makes the target '''hover''', whereas this one is always described as making it '''fly'''.
 
*Whilst it was originally assumed that this spell and the [[Hover Charm]] were the same, they are not; the Hover Charm makes the target '''hover''', whereas this one is always described as making it '''fly'''.
 
*The fictional character [[Babbitty]] may have used this spell to levitate a horse.<ref>[[The Tales of Beedle the Bard]]</ref>
 
*The fictional character [[Babbitty]] may have used this spell to levitate a horse.<ref>[[The Tales of Beedle the Bard]]</ref>
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*Although this spell canonically produces no visible effects (apart from its actual spell effect of levitation) - a possible sign of its simplicity - it sometimes does in other HP media. For example, in [[Harry Potter and the Goblet of Fire (video game)|Harry Potter and the Goblet of Fire]] the spell connects objects and wand via a yellow stream of light continually released from the wand tip whereas in [[Harry Potter and the Chamber of Secrets (video game)|Harry Potter and the Chamber of Secrets]] (GBA version) a blue orb of magical energy is shot at the target. In ''[[LEGO Harry Potter: Years 1-4]]'' a pink glow appears around the object and levitates it.
 
*Although this spell canonically produces no visible effects (apart from its actual spell effect of levitation) - a possible sign of its simplicity - it sometimes does in other HP media. For example, in [[Harry Potter and the Goblet of Fire (video game)|Harry Potter and the Goblet of Fire]] the spell connects objects and wand via a yellow stream of light continually released from the wand tip whereas in [[Harry Potter and the Chamber of Secrets (video game)|Harry Potter and the Chamber of Secrets]] (GBA version) a blue orb of magical energy is shot at the target. In ''[[LEGO Harry Potter: Years 1-4]]'' a pink glow appears around the object and levitates it.
 
*In ''[[LEGO Harry Potter: Years 1-4]]'' the Levitation Charm is also a double up of the [[Cruciatus Curse]] for [[Death Eaters]]. It works the same way as the Levitation Charm by lifting it's victim off the ground, but instead it causes them to writhe and scream.
 
*In ''[[LEGO Harry Potter: Years 1-4]]'' the Levitation Charm is also a double up of the [[Cruciatus Curse]] for [[Death Eaters]]. It works the same way as the Levitation Charm by lifting it's victim off the ground, but instead it causes them to writhe and scream.
[[File:Levitation Wonderbook.jpg|thumb]]
 
*According to ''[[Pottermore]]'', the hand motion is thus:<br />[[File:Levitation-charm.png]]
 
 
*This spell is Warwick Davis's favourite line.<ref>http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=e3FP-nmkFL0&feature=relmfu</ref>
 
*This spell is Warwick Davis's favourite line.<ref>http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=e3FP-nmkFL0&feature=relmfu</ref>
   
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*''[[Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows: Part 1 (video game)]]''
 
*''[[Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows: Part 1 (video game)]]''
 
*''[[Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows: Part 2]]''
 
*''[[Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows: Part 2]]''
  +
*''[[Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows: Part 2 (video game)]]'' {{C|Nintendo DS version only}}
 
*''[[LEGO Harry Potter: Years 1-4]]''
 
*''[[LEGO Harry Potter: Years 1-4]]''
 
*''[[LEGO Harry Potter: Years 5-7]]''
 
*''[[LEGO Harry Potter: Years 5-7]]''
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*''[[Wonderbook: Book of Spells]]''
 
*''[[Wonderbook: Book of Spells]]''
 
*''[[Pottermore]]''
 
*''[[Pottermore]]''
  +
 
==Notes and references==
 
==Notes and references==
 
{{Reflist}}
 
{{Reflist}}
  +
 
{{Charms}}
 
{{Charms}}
 
{{The Standard Book of Spells}}
 
{{The Standard Book of Spells}}
[[de:Levitation]]<br />[[es:Encantamiento levitatorio]]<br />[[fr:Sortilège de Lévitation]]<br />[[fi:Siipiirdium lentiusa]]
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[[de:Levitation]]
  +
[[es:Encantamiento levitatorio]]
  +
[[fr:Sortilège de Lévitation]]
  +
[[fi:Siipiirdium lentiusa]]
 
[[Category:Charms]]
 
[[Category:Charms]]
 
[[Category:Spells of known incantation]]
 
[[Category:Spells of known incantation]]
  +
[[Category:Levitation]]

Latest revision as of 11:55, April 23, 2014

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Levitation Charm
Incantation

Wingardium Leviosa[1]
(wing-GAR-dee-um levi-O-sa)[1]

Type

Charm[1]

Hand Movement

Levitation-charm

Effect

Makes objects fly[1]

Creator

Jarleth Hobart (1544)[2]

"The Levitation Charm is one of the first spells learnt by any young witch or wizard. With the charm a witch or wizard can make things fly with the flick of a wand. The charm is an excellent test of your magical skills, wand control and above all, patience."
—An excerpt from the entry in the Book of Spells[src]

The Levitation Charm[3] (Wingardium Leviosa[1]) is a charm used to make objects fly,[1] taught to first years at Hogwarts School of Witchcraft and Wizardry.[1]

There are a number of lesser variations of the Levitation Charm, such as the Hover Charm, the Rocket Charm and the Floating Charm, just to name a few, but the Levitation Charm remains the original and best.[2]

HistoryEdit

"The Levitation Charm was invented in 1544 by warlock Jarleth Hobart who mistakenly believed that he had at last succeeded in doing what wizardkind had so far failed to do, and learnt to fly."
Miranda Goshawk, Book of Spells.[src]
HobartLevitating
Hobart's first public use of the charm, on himself, in 1544.
Seth CooperAdded by Seth Cooper

The Levitation Charm was first developed in the sixteenth century, and warlock Jarleth Hobart is credited with its creation.

On 16 July, 1544, Hobart invited a large crowd of wizards, among which was the Chief Warlock of the Wizengamot, to witness his "maiden flight" — a public demonstration of his own revolutionary charm on himself. He climbed onto the roof of his local church and, after several speeches and a rousing performance of the national anthem he leapt and, having cast the spell, was left hovering in mid-air. At first, he seemed to have succeeded but, after having spent nearly three minutes watching him hanging in mid-air, the crowd grew impatient to see him move somewhere, and booed him.

In response to the catcalls, Hobart tried to move in midair, and started performing vigorous swimming movements, which produced no effect. Mistakingly believing that his clothes were making him heavier and impeding his movement, Hobart stripped thus making him fall ten feet onto the ground below, as it were the clothes that were holding him up in the air — they had been charmed by the Levitation Charm, not Hobart himself. He fell completely naked on the ground, breaking sixteen bones, and went on the receive a fine for "outrageous silliness" from the Chief Warlock.

Hobart returned home, humiliated, where he realised that his spell could make objects levitate for varying lengths of time, depending on the skill of the spellcaster and on the weight of the object. He also concluded that small animals or even children could be levitated, but that they had no control whatsoever of their movement once airborne.

He thus made a second announcement, and an even larger crowd gathered to see his second demonstration of the spell (hoping for another laugh at his expense). Hobart's demonstration was, at first, by far more successful than the first one: he showed the onlookers how he could easily levitate objects ranging from small rocks to fallen trees. Hobart decided that, for a finale, he would levitate the Chief Warlock's hat — what he managed to levitate, however, was the Chief's wig, exposing his bald head to the gathered crowd. The Chief was not amused, and was determined to duel Hobart, but the Warlock levitated the Chief's robes over his head, and ran for it.

This is also the first spell students learn to cast during their Charms lessons in the first year. They revise it in the second [4] and their third year.[5] The theoretical Charms O.W.L. exam includes a question on the Levitation Charm. Hermione Granger was the first student in her class to levitate a feather.

EffectsEdit

"He eventually realised that he had invented a spell that would lift objects into the air and could cause them to hover for varying lengths of time, depending on their weight, and the skill of the spellcaster."
—An excerpt from the entry in Book of Spells.[src]

The Levitation Charm appears to be an improvement on both the Levioso and Locomotor spells and/or the Hover Charm, being able to lift objects high in to the air but also allowing one to magically move them through it as well. It also conveniently defies gravity by lifting objects heavier than a normal person would otherwise be able to carry, as seen when Ron used this on a troll's club, something a first year Hogwarts student would otherwise never be able to do without magic.

Despite its strengths, however, the Levitation Charm has one fatal flaw: it does not work on human beings. Though a human can be levitated using this charm, it is actually their clothing that is being affected. The charm is apparently not strong enough to allow a human to do anything more that float a few feet off the air using this method, and therefore does not allow the true flight afforded to most other objects.

Almost anything can be lifted with this spell, although the object levitated depends on the skill of the caster and the weight of the object[2]

Uses and practitionersEdit

Tumblr m4rfvme2VS1qg1krko3 250
Harry potter using the Levitation Charm in 1992
Ron Weasley: "Wingardium Leviosa!"
Hermione: "You're saying it wrong. It's Wing-gar-dium Levi-o-sa, make the 'gar' nice and long."
Hermione Granger condescending to Ronald Weasley regarding the proper way to say the incantation[src]

Other practitionersEdit

EtymologyEdit

Wingardium is a composite word, based on: English to wing meaning "to fly" (e.g. the plane winged skywards[14]); arduus (meaning "high, tall, lofty, steep, proudly elevated"[15][16]) or arduum (meaning "steep place, the steep"[15][17]); and the common Latin ending -ium. Leviosa probably derives from Latin levo, meaning to "raise, lift up", or levis, meaning light (of weight).[15][18] Altogether, therefore, the incantation could best be read as "lift up high".

Behind the scenesEdit

Wingardium Leviosa shown on blackboard
The movement shown on a blackboard.
DanniesenAdded by Danniesen
"This charm ought not to be seen as a joke spell. It can be most useful in duels and can lift physical obstacles and can even Levitate small creatures (though this is likely to confuse any poor animal and is certainly not to be encouraged)."
—An excerpt from Book of Spells.[src]

AppearancesEdit

Notes and referencesEdit


Charms (class)
Wingardium leviosa
Professors: Filius Flitwick
Textbooks: The Standard Book of Spells · Achievements in Charming · Quintessence: A Quest
Charmbook writers and charm developers: Miranda Goshawk · Scarpin · Felix Summerbee · Randolph Keitch · Basil Horton · Mnemone Radford · Elliot Smethwyck · Jarleth Hobart · Delfina Crimp · Orabella Nuttley · Levina Monkstanley · Fred Weasley · George Weasley
Charms studied at Hogwarts: Levitation Charm · Fire-Making Charm · Softening Charm · Skurge · Aresto Momentum · Cheering Charm · Freezing Spell · Seize and Pull Charm · Summoning Charm · Banishing Charm · Silencing Charm · Mending Charm · Reductor Curse · Colour Change Charm · Growth Charm · Water-Making Spell · Locomotion Charm · Vinegar into Wine · Bird-Conjuring Charm


The Standard Book of Spells
Books: The Standard Book of Spells, Grade 1 · The Standard Book of Spells, Grade 2 · The Standard Book of Spells, Grade 3 · The Standard Book of Spells, Grade 4 · The Standard Book of Spells, Grade 5 · The Standard Book of Spells, Grade 6
Charms included in the series: Fire-Making Spell · Levitation Charm · Locking Spell · Mending Charm · Softening Charm · Severing Charm · Unlocking Charm · Dancing Feet Spell · Disarming Charm · Engorgement Charm · Freezing Charm · General Counter-Spell · Memory Charm · Tickling Charm · Summoning Charm · Banishing Charm · Substantive Charm

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