A sign advertising a Hebrew bookshop in New York in 1926, illustrating the city's Jewish population

Judaism is the religion, philosophy, and way of life of the Jewish people.[1] It is one of the oldest monotheistic religions, teaching the belief in one God, and strongly influenced the development of later Abrahamic faiths, including Christianity and Islam.[1] Its holy book is known as the Tanakh or Hebrew Bible and its adherents are called Jews.[1]



Anthony Goldstein, a Jewish wizard

During Biblical times, the Israelites, an ancient Semitic people who preceded modern Jews, went to war against the Philistines.[2] The Philistines hired a giant mercenary, Goliath, to fight for them, but he was ultimately slain by a young boy.[2]

Hogwarts School of Witchcraft and Wizardry taught students from multiple faiths.[3] This included Jewish witches and wizards, such as Anthony Goldstein, who was neither the first nor the only Jewish student in the school's history.[4][5]

In 1926, New York had at least one shop with a sign written in Hebrew and a bookshop specialising in Hebrew books, both of which presumably served the city's Jewish community.[6]


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