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"Marvolo, his son, Morfin, and his daughter, Merope, were the last of the Gaunts, a very ancient Wizarding family noted for a vein of instability and violence that flourished through the generations due to their habit of marrying their own cousins."
Albus Dumbledore.[src]

Inbreeding with pure-bloods is a common practice for elite wizarding families that uphold the tradition of marrying only pure-blood wizards of respected ancestry. It is noted that wizarding families are becoming more diverse as time passes as wizards begin to marry Half-bloods, Muggle-borns, and Muggles. To keep with tradition in maintaining a purely wizard-blood family, families tend to marry within the family, particularly cousins. 

The Black family

The House of Black's family motto had always been "Toujours pur", which meant "Always Pure". Therefore, the family was strictly traditionalized to marry, if not extremely wealthy as their own family, respectable and noble families. The Black family took this motto to heart very seriously, and all family members who did not conform with the obsession to the pure-blood supremacy were disowned quickly. Squibs were also disowned.

In desperation to keep with the tradition, some would go to extremes to keep the tradition. An example of this are Walburga Black and Orion Black. The two were second cousins, as both their grandparents were siblings, and had married to keep tradition and eventually had two children together. 

Due to the Black family tree tapestry large family tree of the Blacks, it is possible that related people marry or interact, not knowing of their relationship.

Side effects of inbreeding

In Muggle genetics studies, it is proven that inbreeding can lead to serious problems, even for wizards. Notable effects that are seen in families are infertility (which would explain the extinction of the Black family) and disorders, both mental and physical.[1] It is evident in many families (e.g. the House of Gaunt and notably insane Death Eaters of the Black family) that insanity is a common resultant.


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