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|"We must've been through hundreds of books already and we can't find him anywhere —"|
Inbreeding with pure-bloods is a common practise for elite wizarding families wanting to uphold the tradition of marrying only wizards of respected ancestry. It is noted that wizarding families became more diverse as time passed as wizards began to marry half-bloods, Muggle-borns, and Muggles. Nevertheless, more conventional, elitist families tended to marry within their family, particularly cousins.
The Black family
The House of Black's family motto had always been "Toujours pur", which meant "Always Pure". Therefore, the family was strictly traditionalised to marry other 'noble' families (failing this, extremely rich families). The Black family took their motto seriously, and all family members who did not conform with the Black views of pure-blood supremacy were disowned quickly (i.e. Sirius Black). Squibs were also disowned.
In desperation to keep with the tradition, the Blacks resorted to extremes. Walburga Black and Orion Black were second cousins, as both their grandparents were siblings, and married, eventually had two children together.
Due to the Black family tree tapestry large family tree of the Blacks, it is possible that related people marry or interact, not knowing of their relationship.
|Victoire Weasley||Victoire Weasley and boyfriend Teddy are fourth cousins once removed. The Lupin and Weasley families are related through Teddy's maternal grandmother.|
|Orion Black||Orion married his second cousin Walburga, thus the two were very closely related. The two are also the parents of Sirius and Regulus Black.|
|House of Gaunt||Various members of the House of Gaunt married their cousins to maintain blood purity.|
|Arthur Weasley||Arthur and wife Molly are possibly second cousins by marriage once removed. Molly Weasley (née Prewett) was the supposed niece of Ignatius Prewett, and therefore technically a distant relative of the Weasleys even before marriage.|
Side effects of inbreeding
In Muggle genetics studies, it is proven that inbreeding can lead to serious problems, even for wizards. Notable effects that are seen in families are infertility (which would explain the extinction of the Black family) and disorders, both mental and physical. It is evident in many families (e.g. the House of Gaunt and notably insane Death Eaters of the Black family) that insanity is a common resultant. During Harry Potter's time at Hogwarts, he notes how the Slytherins seem 'an ugly bunch'. This could be explained by a lack of genetic diversity in the pure-blooded families Slytherin House favours.