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{{Quote|…the Gaunts, a very ancient wizarding family noted for a vein of instability and violence that flourished through the generations due to their habit of marrying their own cousins. Lack of sense coupled with a great liking for grandeur meant that the family gold was squandered...left in squalor and poverty...|Albus Dumbledore|Harry Potter and the Half-Blood Prince}}
 
{{Quote|…the Gaunts, a very ancient wizarding family noted for a vein of instability and violence that flourished through the generations due to their habit of marrying their own cousins. Lack of sense coupled with a great liking for grandeur meant that the family gold was squandered...left in squalor and poverty...|Albus Dumbledore|Harry Potter and the Half-Blood Prince}}
   
The '''House of Gaunt''' was a [[pure-blood]] family descended from [[Cadmus Peverell]] and [[Salazar Slytherin]]. They had a tendency of [[Wikipedia:Inbreeding|marrying their cousins]] to keep their blood pure and to retain the traits of their ancestor, most notably the ability to speak [[Parseltongue]]. They lived just outside of [[Little Hangleton]].
+
The '''House of Gaunt''' was a [[pure-blood]] family descended from [[Cadmus Peverell]] and [[Salazar Slytherin]], and one of the [[Sacred Twenty-Eight]]. They had a tendency of [[Wikipedia:Inbreeding|marrying their cousins]] to keep their blood pure and to retain the traits of their ancestor, most notably the ability to speak [[Parseltongue]]. They lived just outside of [[Little Hangleton]].
   
 
==Ancient history==
 
==Ancient history==
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===Ancestry===
 
===Ancestry===
Up until the 20th century, every single member of the Gaunt family was [[pure-blood]]. They were also the last known descendants of [[Salazar Slytherin]], as well as descendants of the [[Peverell family|Peverells]].
+
Up until the 20th century, every single member of the Gaunt family was [[pure-blood]]. They were also the last known descendants of [[Salazar Slytherin]], as well as descendants of the [[Peverell family|Peverells]], famed ancestors that they took great pride in.
As stated above, the Gaunts inherited their ancestor's ability to speak [[Parseltongue]]. Like other [[pure-blood]] families of the time, they were supreme advocates of blood purity and were often inbred in order to maintain said "purity." However, by the twentieth century, mentally unstable members of the family had squandered the family's fortune and cost it much of its prestige among elite pure-blood circles.
+
  +
As stated above, the Gaunts inherited their ancestor's ability to speak [[Parseltongue]]. Like other [[pure-blood]] families of the time, they were supreme advocates of blood purity and were often inbred in order to maintain said "purity." However, by the twentieth century, mentally unstable members of the family had squandered the family's fortune and cost it much of its prestige among elite pure-blood circles. Despite this, their habit of keeping themselves pure allowed them to become one of the [[Sacred Twenty-Eight]].
   
 
==Gaunt family in the 20th century==
 
==Gaunt family in the 20th century==
 
By the early twentieth century, the Gaunts had been reduced to poverty, possessing only a few old heirlooms and living in a small, run-down [[Gaunt shack|shack]]. Additionally, generations of inbreeding had made them violent and unstable. [[Marvolo Gaunt]] was abusive toward his daughter [[Merope Gaunt|Merope]], whose emotional trauma made it difficult for her to use magic, making others believe she was a [[Squib]]. Her brother [[Morfin Gaunt|Morfin]] spoke in Parseltongue more than English and frequently terrorised [[Muggle]]s, eventually leading to his imprisonment in [[Azkaban]].
 
By the early twentieth century, the Gaunts had been reduced to poverty, possessing only a few old heirlooms and living in a small, run-down [[Gaunt shack|shack]]. Additionally, generations of inbreeding had made them violent and unstable. [[Marvolo Gaunt]] was abusive toward his daughter [[Merope Gaunt|Merope]], whose emotional trauma made it difficult for her to use magic, making others believe she was a [[Squib]]. Her brother [[Morfin Gaunt|Morfin]] spoke in Parseltongue more than English and frequently terrorised [[Muggle]]s, eventually leading to his imprisonment in [[Azkaban]].
   
Merope's only child was the notorious [[Dark Wizard]], [[Tom Riddle|Lord Voldemort]].<ref name="HBP">{{HBP}}</ref>
+
Merope, who went against her family's beliefs and married the muggle [[Tom Riddle Sr.]] via coercion, gave birth to their only child, who would become the notorious [[Dark Wizard]], [[Tom Riddle|Lord Voldemort]].<ref name="HBP">{{HBP}}</ref>
   
Upon the death of Morfin Gaunt, heir to the House of Gaunt, the male line of the Gaunt family ended. The female line continued for several decades, ending with the death of Tom Marvolo Riddle. Neither of the two produced any children or had any other known siblings or cousins.
+
Upon the death of Morfin Gaunt, heir to the House of Gaunt, the male line of the Gaunt family ended. The female line, along with the [[Slytherin family]] and [[Riddle family]], continued for several decades, ending with the death of Tom Marvolo Riddle. Neither of the two produced any children or had any other known siblings or cousins.
   
 
==Gaunt family tree==
 
==Gaunt family tree==
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==Heirlooms==
 
==Heirlooms==
 
[[File:The locket.JPG|thumb|100px|left|[[Salazar Slytherin's Locket]].]]
 
[[File:The locket.JPG|thumb|100px|left|[[Salazar Slytherin's Locket]].]]
  +
Once a very wealthy family, the Gaunt family had squandered much of their gold early due to the Gaunt family's love for grandeur and mental instability, leaving them with very little inheritances for the later generations.
  +
 
Marvolo Gaunt was in possession of a [[Marvolo Gaunt's Ring|signet ring]] passed on from his [[Peverell family|Peverell]] ancestors. This ring was eventually turned into a [[Horcrux]] by Voldemort and destroyed by [[Albus Dumbledore|Dumbledore]] with [[Godric Gryffindor's Sword]]. It also contained the [[Resurrection Stone]], one of the legendary [[Deathly Hallows]].
 
Marvolo Gaunt was in possession of a [[Marvolo Gaunt's Ring|signet ring]] passed on from his [[Peverell family|Peverell]] ancestors. This ring was eventually turned into a [[Horcrux]] by Voldemort and destroyed by [[Albus Dumbledore|Dumbledore]] with [[Godric Gryffindor's Sword]]. It also contained the [[Resurrection Stone]], one of the legendary [[Deathly Hallows]].
   
 
[[File:Marvolo Gaunt's Ring.jpg|thumb|[[Marvolo Gaunt's Ring]]]]
 
[[File:Marvolo Gaunt's Ring.jpg|thumb|[[Marvolo Gaunt's Ring]]]]
The Gaunts also held onto [[Salazar Slytherin's Locket]] for many generations. However, Merope later sold it to [[Borgin and Burkes]] in order to support herself while she was pregnant. It later came into the possession of [[Hepzibah Smith]], who a teenage Tom Marvolo Riddle killed and stole the locket from (or in Riddle's opinion, retrieving what was rightfully his). He also turned this heirloom of his mother's family into a Horcrux.<ref name="HBP"/> Much later, it was stolen from its hiding place by [[Regulus Black]], and later destroyed by [[Ronald Weasley|Ron Weasley]], with the [[Sword of Gryffindor]].<ref name="DH"/>
+
The Gaunts also held onto [[Salazar Slytherin's Locket]] for many generations. However, Merope later sold it to [[Borgin and Burkes]] in order to support herself while she was pregnant. It later came into the possession of [[Hepzibah Smith]], who a teenage Tom Marvolo Riddle killed and stole the locket from (or in Riddle's opinion, retrieving what was rightfully his). He also turned this heirloom of his mother's family into a Horcrux.<ref name="HBP"/> Much later, it was stolen from its hiding place by [[Regulus Black]], and later destroyed by [[Ronald Weasley|Ron Weasley]], with the [[Sword of Gryffindor]].<ref name="DH">''[[Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows]]''</ref>
   
 
==Etymology==
 
==Etymology==
The word ''gaunt'' is defined as "haggard, drawn and emaciated" and "bleak, desolate."<ref>[http://en.wiktionary.org/wiki/gaunt Wikitionary Definition: Gaunt]</ref> [[Wikipedia:John of Gaunt|John of Gaunt]] was a fourteenth-century English noble (he was a son of king Edward III of England, but as he was only the third son, he and his descendants were not expected to ascend to the throne, which they ultimately did, first through his legitimate male descendants the Lancasters, and then through his debatebly illegitimate descendants by his long time mistress and then third wife, Katherine Swynford, the Beauforts. Henry Tudor's(afterwards henry VII) mother was a Beaufort, and his claim to the throne derived frm her. Therefore, John of Gaunt is an ancestor of the House of Tudor) and whose heir deposed a king and usurped the throne, possibly alluding to the Gaunts' descendant [[Tom Riddle|Voldemort]] attempts to overthrow wizarding Britain's government and rule it himself. Also, Gaunt's great-grandson, Henry VI, was notorious for his mental instability, which was earlier pointed out as a characteristic of the House of Gaunt, but in Henry VI's case it probably derived from his grandfather, Charles VI of France.
+
The word ''gaunt'' is defined as "haggard, drawn and emaciated" and "bleak, desolate."<ref>[http://en.wiktionary.org/wiki/gaunt Wikitionary Definition: Gaunt]</ref> [[Wikipedia:John of Gaunt|John of Gaunt]] was a fourteenth-century English noble. (A son of king Edward III of England, but as he was only the third son, he and his descendants were not expected to ascend to the throne, which they ultimately did: first through his legitimate male descendants the Lancasters, and then through his debatably illegitimate descendants, by his long time mistress and then third wife Katherine Swynford, the Beauforts. Henry Tudor (later Henry VII)'s mother was a Beaufort, and his claim to the throne derived from her. Therefore, John of Gaunt is an ancestor of the House of Tudor). Gaunt's heir deposed a king and usurped the throne, possibly alluding to the Gaunts' descendant [[Tom Riddle|Voldemort]]'s attempts to overthrow wizarding Britain's government and rule it himself. Also, Gaunt's great-grandson, Henry VI, was notorious for his mental instability, which was earlier pointed out as a characteristic of the House of Gaunt, but in Henry VI's case it probably derived from his grandfather, Charles VI of France.
   
 
==Behind the scenes==
 
==Behind the scenes==
*The Gaunt family was largely omitted from the [[Harry Potter and the Half-Blood Prince (film)|film version]] of ''[[Harry Potter and the Half-Blood Prince]]''. Dumbledore only makes reference to the [[Marvolo Gaunt's Ring|Horcrux ring]] as having belonged to Voldemort's mother.
+
* The Gaunt family was largely omitted from the [[Harry Potter and the Half-Blood Prince (film)|film version]] of ''[[Harry Potter and the Half-Blood Prince]]''. Dumbledore only makes reference to the [[Marvolo Gaunt's Ring|Horcrux ring]] as having belonged to Voldemort's mother.
  +
* According to [[Tom Riddle|Voldemort's]] [[Tom Riddle's diary|diary]], he and [[Harry Potter]] are the only two Parselmouths to enter Hogwarts since Salazar Slytherin himself.<ref>{{COS}}</ref> This implies that the Gaunt family members (all of whom were Parselmouths) never attended Hogwarts, despite obtaining wands and knowing how to cast spells. However, [[Corvinus Gaunt]], Voldemort's maternal ancestor and a presumed Parselmouth attended [[Hogwarts]] and protected the concealed entrance to the [[Chamber of Secrets]] during the [[18th century|installation of]] [[Plumbing|a plumbing system]]. It is also possible that Tom Riddle was unaware of any of his maternal ancestors having attended Hogwarts.
   
 
==Notes and references==
 
==Notes and references==
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[[Category:Pure-blood supremacists]]
 
[[Category:Pure-blood supremacists]]
 
[[Category:Slytherins]]
 
[[Category:Slytherins]]
  +
[[Category:Families]]
  +
[[Category:Pure-blood families]]
  +
[[Category:Parselmouths]]

Latest revision as of 20:10, September 17, 2013

Gaunt
Gaunt family
Family heritage
Blood status

Pure-blood

Notable family members
Status

Extinct

Relationships
Related families
Affiliation
House(s)

Most likely Slytherin

"…the Gaunts, a very ancient wizarding family noted for a vein of instability and violence that flourished through the generations due to their habit of marrying their own cousins. Lack of sense coupled with a great liking for grandeur meant that the family gold was squandered...left in squalor and poverty..."
—Albus Dumbledore[src]

The House of Gaunt was a pure-blood family descended from Cadmus Peverell and Salazar Slytherin, and one of the Sacred Twenty-Eight. They had a tendency of marrying their cousins to keep their blood pure and to retain the traits of their ancestor, most notably the ability to speak Parseltongue. They lived just outside of Little Hangleton.

Ancient historyEdit

The House of Gaunt was once a prominent, wealthy family in the wizarding world, and originated from many powerfully magical wizards and witches.

AncestryEdit

Up until the 20th century, every single member of the Gaunt family was pure-blood. They were also the last known descendants of Salazar Slytherin, as well as descendants of the Peverells, famed ancestors that they took great pride in.

As stated above, the Gaunts inherited their ancestor's ability to speak Parseltongue. Like other pure-blood families of the time, they were supreme advocates of blood purity and were often inbred in order to maintain said "purity." However, by the twentieth century, mentally unstable members of the family had squandered the family's fortune and cost it much of its prestige among elite pure-blood circles. Despite this, their habit of keeping themselves pure allowed them to become one of the Sacred Twenty-Eight.

Gaunt family in the 20th centuryEdit

By the early twentieth century, the Gaunts had been reduced to poverty, possessing only a few old heirlooms and living in a small, run-down shack. Additionally, generations of inbreeding had made them violent and unstable. Marvolo Gaunt was abusive toward his daughter Merope, whose emotional trauma made it difficult for her to use magic, making others believe she was a Squib. Her brother Morfin spoke in Parseltongue more than English and frequently terrorised Muggles, eventually leading to his imprisonment in Azkaban.

Merope, who went against her family's beliefs and married the muggle Tom Riddle Sr. via coercion, gave birth to their only child, who would become the notorious Dark Wizard, Lord Voldemort.[1]

Upon the death of Morfin Gaunt, heir to the House of Gaunt, the male line of the Gaunt family ended. The female line, along with the Slytherin family and Riddle family, continued for several decades, ending with the death of Tom Marvolo Riddle. Neither of the two produced any children or had any other known siblings or cousins.

Gaunt family treeEdit

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Peverell family
 
Slytherin family
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Cadmus Peverell
(fl. 1214)
 
Salazar Slytherin
(fl. 993)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
(many generations)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
House of Gaunt
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Corvinus Gaunt
(fl. 1700s)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Riddle family
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Thomas Riddle
(18801943)
 
Mary Riddle
(18831943)
 
Marvolo Gaunt
(fl. 1920s)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Tom Riddle
(19051943)
 
Merope Gaunt
(c.1907-1926)
 
Morfin Gaunt
(fl. 1925 - fl. 1943)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Tom Marvolo Riddle
(19261998)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 


HeirloomsEdit

The locket
Salazar Slytherin's Locket.
Me Potter FanAdded by Me Potter Fan

Once a very wealthy family, the Gaunt family had squandered much of their gold early due to the Gaunt family's love for grandeur and mental instability, leaving them with very little inheritances for the later generations.

Marvolo Gaunt was in possession of a signet ring passed on from his Peverell ancestors. This ring was eventually turned into a Horcrux by Voldemort and destroyed by Dumbledore with Godric Gryffindor's Sword. It also contained the Resurrection Stone, one of the legendary Deathly Hallows.

Marvolo Gaunt's Ring
Marvolo Gaunt's Ring
You-Know-WhoAdded by You-Know-Who

The Gaunts also held onto Salazar Slytherin's Locket for many generations. However, Merope later sold it to Borgin and Burkes in order to support herself while she was pregnant. It later came into the possession of Hepzibah Smith, who a teenage Tom Marvolo Riddle killed and stole the locket from (or in Riddle's opinion, retrieving what was rightfully his). He also turned this heirloom of his mother's family into a Horcrux.[1] Much later, it was stolen from its hiding place by Regulus Black, and later destroyed by Ron Weasley, with the Sword of Gryffindor.[2]

EtymologyEdit

The word gaunt is defined as "haggard, drawn and emaciated" and "bleak, desolate."[3] John of Gaunt was a fourteenth-century English noble. (A son of king Edward III of England, but as he was only the third son, he and his descendants were not expected to ascend to the throne, which they ultimately did: first through his legitimate male descendants the Lancasters, and then through his debatably illegitimate descendants, by his long time mistress and then third wife Katherine Swynford, the Beauforts. Henry Tudor (later Henry VII)'s mother was a Beaufort, and his claim to the throne derived from her. Therefore, John of Gaunt is an ancestor of the House of Tudor). Gaunt's heir deposed a king and usurped the throne, possibly alluding to the Gaunts' descendant Voldemort's attempts to overthrow wizarding Britain's government and rule it himself. Also, Gaunt's great-grandson, Henry VI, was notorious for his mental instability, which was earlier pointed out as a characteristic of the House of Gaunt, but in Henry VI's case it probably derived from his grandfather, Charles VI of France.

Behind the scenesEdit

Notes and referencesEdit

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