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Gramophone

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A gramophone (also called phonograph, record player, or turntable) was a mechanical device used for playing gramophone records.[1]

History

GramophoneNeedle

Remus Lupin dropping the needle on his gramophone.

C. Gilbert & Co. Ltd. was a Muggle gramophone manufacturer based in Sheffield, England, which operated from 1922 to approximately 1931.[2] Remus Lupin owned a gramophone from their Geisha line.[2][3] In 1993, he played his copy of Witchita Banana on this gramophone during a third-year Defence Against the Dark Arts lesson on Boggarts, helping put students at ease while they confronted their greatest fears.[3]

GiantGramophone

Argus Filch readying a gramophone at Hogwarts.

In preparation for the Yule Ball in 1994Minerva McGonagall gave a dance lesson to Gryffindors, having Argus Filch play a copy of Wizard Waltz on a magical gramophone with a giant horn.[4][5]

When Draco Malfoy visited the Room of Requirement for the first time during the 1996–1997 school year, there was a gramophone stored there, which was skipping on a record.[6] Later that same school year, when Harry Potter knocked on the door of Horace Slughorn's office, hoping to get the memory of his discussion of Horcruxes with Tom Riddle, he heard what he was sure were the quickly stifled sounds of an old gramophone.[7]

The Weasley family owned a gramophone, which sat on a windowsill in the living room of their home, The Burrow.[8]

Behind the scenes

  • In LEGO Harry Potter: Years 1-4, Harry Potter and Hermione Granger ran around in the Forbidden Forest to repair a gramophone to call Remus Lupin in werewolf form.
  • Though the terms "gramophone" and "phonograph" are used nearly interchangeably today to describe a disc-playing machine, in the past they had distinct meanings. "Phonograph" was intended to describe Thomas Edison's cylinder machine, while Emile Berliner's invention using flat discs was trademarked as a "gramophone". British English tends to use "gramophone" to describe a windup disc-playing machine, while American English will use "phonograph" or "Victrola."
  • Since most modern record players operate on electricity, they are presumably rendered inoperable in the presence of magic, like most other electric such as telephones and computers. Witches and wizards presumably use mechanical windup gramophones which require no electricity to amplify sound and rotate the turntable. These play 78 RPM shellac discs and are incapable of playing slower-speed vinyl records. In real-life, Shellac 78 production largely ceased in the 1960s, being superceded by vinyl. This possibly limits the type of Muggle music available to wizards with gramophones.
  • Several gramophones were provided for filming by Howard Hope: Gramophones & Phonographs.[9]

Appearances

Notes and references

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