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|family=*[[Bathilda Bagshot]] (great aunt) †
 
|family=*[[Bathilda Bagshot]] (great aunt) †
 
*[[Bagshot]] (possibly)
 
*[[Bagshot]] (possibly)
|blood=[[Pure-blood]] or [[Half-blood]]<ref>Based on the fact that [[Durmstrang Institute|Durmstrang]] does not admit [[Muggle-born]] students, and that he has a witch for a great aunt.</ref>
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|blood=[[Pure-blood]] or [[Half-blood]]<ref>Based on the fact that [[Durmstrang Institute|Durmstrang]] does not admit [[Muggle-born]] students, as well as that he has a witch for a great aunt.</ref>
 
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{{Quote|[[For the Greater Good]].|Gellert Grindelwald's slogan.|Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows}}
 
{{Quote|[[For the Greater Good]].|Gellert Grindelwald's slogan.|Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows}}
   
'''Gellert Grindelwald '''(c. [[1880s|1882]]-[[1998]]) was considered to be one of the most powerful [[Dark Wizard]]s of all time, second only to [[Tom Riddle|Tom Marvolo Riddle]], who later became known as Lord Voldemort. He was schooled at [[Durmstrang Institute]] and later took up a friendship with [[Albus Dumbledore]] when he lived in [[Godric's Hollow]] for a summer with his great-aunt, [[Bathilda Bagshot]], following his expulsion. The two made plans to find the [[Deathly Hallows]] and create a world in which [[Muggle]]s would be subservient to [[Wizards|wizards and witches]]. This partnership fell apart after the two were involved in a three-way duel with [[Aberforth Dumbledore]] that resulted in [[Ariana Dumbledore]]'s death.
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'''Gellert Grindelwald '''(c. [[1880s|1882]]-[[1998]]) was considered one of the most powerful [[Dark Wizard]]s of all time, second only to [[Tom Riddle|Tom Marvolo Riddle]], who later became known as Lord Voldemort. He was schooled at [[Durmstrang Institute]] until his expulsion. Later he fostered a friendship with [[Albus Dumbledore]] while living in [[Godric's Hollow]] for a summer with his great-aunt, [[Bathilda Bagshot]]. The two made plans to find the [[Deathly Hallows]] and wield their new-found power as Masters of Death, leading a [[Wizards|Wizarding]] revolution with the aim of ending the [[International Statute of Secrecy]] and creating a benevolent global order led by wise and powerful witches and wizards. Their partnership fell apart after the two were involved in a three-way duel with [[Aberforth Dumbledore]] that resulted in [[Ariana Dumbledore]]'s death.
   
Grindelwald left [[Great Britain|Britain]] and soon stole the [[Elder Wand]], building an [[Gellert Grindelwald's army|army]] and rising to power in continental [[Europe]]. During his [[Global wizarding war|reign of terror]], he murdered many wizards and Muggles. In [[1940s|1945]], at the height of his power, his former friend Dumbledore confronted him due to the cries of the public and defeated him in what became known as a legendary [[Duel between Albus Dumbledore and Gellert Grindelwald|duel]]. Grindelwald was subsequently imprisoned in his own prison [[Nurmengard]] for decades. He was slain there by [[Tom Riddle|Lord Voldemort]] in [[1998]], when Voldemort was in search of the [[Elder Wand]], which Grindelwald refused to give him any information about.
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Grindelwald left [[Great Britain|Britain]] and soon stole the [[Elder Wand]], proceeding alone with the revolution he and Dumbledore had planned. He established a power base in continental Europe at the fortress [[Nurmengard]]. Grindelwald was a complex figure, highly idealistic but marred by sociopathic tendencies and his links with the [[Dark Arts]], a revolutionary operating outside the law. He was not a wanton killer or torturer, but he and his followers (in a single-minded and unpopular quest; one's allies must often be unsavory characters) committed numerous crimes, including several known murders. In [[1940s|1945]], at the height of his power, Dumbledore confronted and defeated him in a legendary [[Duel between Albus Dumbledore and Gellert Grindelwald|duel]]. Grindelwald was subsequently imprisoned in his own fortress for decades, and was slain there by [[Tom Riddle|Voldemort]] in [[1998]] when he refused to give up information on the Elder Wand.
   
 
==Biography==
 
==Biography==
 
===Early life===
 
===Early life===
[[File:Gellert Grindelwald school portrait.JPG|thumb|left|200px|Gellert Grindelwald posing for his [[Durmstrang Institute|Durmstrang]] school portrait.]]
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{{Quote|Educated at [[Durmstrang Institute|Durmstrang]], a school famous even then for its unfortunate tolerance of the [[Dark Arts]], Grindelwald showed himself quite as precociously brilliant as Dumbledore. Rather than channel his abilities into the attainment of awards and prizes, however, Gellert Grindelwald devoted himself to other pursuits. At sixteen years old, even Durmstrang felt it could no longer turn a blind eye to the twisted experiments of Gellert Grindelwald and he was expelled.|Excerpt from [[The Life and Lies of Albus Dumbledore]] describing Grindelwald's school days|Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows}}
{{Quote|Educated at [[Durmstrang Institute|Durmstrang]], a school famous even then for its unfortunate tolerance of the [[Dark Arts]], Grindelwald showed himself quite as precociously brilliant as Dumbledore. Rather than channel his abilities into the attainment of awards and prizes, however, Gellert Grindelwald devoted himself to other pursuits. At sixteen years old, even Durmstrang felt it could no longer turn a blind eye to the twisted experiments of Gellert Grindelwald, and he was expelled.|Excerpt from [[The Life and Lies of Albus Dumbledore]] describing Grindelwald's school days|Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows}}
 
   
Gellert Grindelwald was born around [[1880s|1882]], probably in Hungary or Central or Eastern Europe. He was educated at the wizarding school of [[Durmstrang Institute]], and as a student, he proved himself to be as brilliant and talented in the [[magic]]al arts as [[Albus Dumbledore]]. However, he did not use his talents to win awards and prizes like Dumbledore; instead, he chose to devote them to experimenting with the [[Dark Arts]]. His experiments became sadistic to the point of nearly killing several of his fellow students, and he was expelled at the age of sixteen.
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[[File:Gellert_Grindelwald_school_portrait.JPG|thumb|left|135px|Gellert Grindelwald posing for his [[Durmstrang Institute|Durmstrang]] school portrait]]
   
He was particularly interested in the [[Deathly Hallows]], even using the Hallows' symbol as [[Gellert Grindelwald's mark|his own]] and engraving it on the walls of Durmstrang prior to his departure. His research led him to stay with his great-aunt, [[Bathilda Bagshot]], in [[Godric's Hollow]], [[England]], where [[Ignotus Peverell]], said to be the rightful keeper of Death's [[Cloak of Invisibility]], had been laid to rest.<ref name="DH18">''[[Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows]]'', Ch. 18</ref>
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Gellert Grindelwald was born around [[1880s|1882]], possibly in Hungary or Central or Eastern Europe. He was educated at the [[Durmstrang Institute]], where he excelled at magic and absorbed much of the strength-obsessed and Darkness-flavoured school culture, but ran afoul of its rigid hierarchies. An extremely talented wizard with an attractive, winsome personality and "merry, wild" disposition, he, like many similar others, felt the pull of the Dark Arts. As a Durmstrang student, he was taught that the Dark Arts are a means to an end, a powerful and mysterious tool for a strong-willed young wizard to use to achieve his ends, as well as not adequately convinced of their tendency to lead down a dark path of moral deterioration. Dumbledore described to Harry that 'twisted experiments' had been the reason for his expulsion from Durmstrang before graduating, but his mischievousness and disdain for rules probably played a role as well in such an authoritarian institution as Durmstrang. 
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Keenly interested in history, lore, as well as the power of magical artifacts, he became fascinated with the [[Deathly Hallows]], to the point of appropriating their [[Ancient Runes|runic]] symbol as [[Gellert Grindelwald's mark|his own personal emblem]] and engraving it on the walls of Durmstrang prior to his departure. 
   
 
===Friendship with Dumbledore===
 
===Friendship with Dumbledore===
It was in Godric's Hollow that Grindelwald met and befriended [[Albus Dumbledore]], a young wizard as talented and brilliant as he. The two teenage boys became united by their ambitions for glory and plans to bring about "a new world order" in which [[wizards]] would rule over [[Muggle]]s. They shared a passion for the [[Deathly Hallows]], although for different reasons: Dumbledore wanted to use the [[Resurrection Stone]] to bring back his dead parents, while Grindelwald, viewing the Hallows as items of dark power, wanted to use it to create an army of [[Inferius|Inferi]]. They coined the phrase that would become Grindelwald's slogan and his justification for committing horrific crimes against those who opposed him: "For the Greater Good."<ref name="letter">''Deathly Hallows'', letter from Albus to Gellert, Ch. 18.</ref> The two became extremely close, even to the point of romantic attraction on Dumbledore's part<ref name="JKR">[http://www.the-leaky-cauldron.org/2007/10/20/j-k-rowling-at-carnegie-hall-reveals-dumbledore-is-gay-neville-marries-hannah-abbott-and-scores-more Leaky Cauldron: J.K. Rowling's Comments at Carnegie Hall 20 October 2008]</ref>. At some point, Grindelwald became aware of his friend's attraction and used it to his advantage, manipulating the other wizard into aiding him unquestioningly in his plans<ref name="Daily News">[http://harrypotterupdate.multiply.com/journal/item/977/J.K._Rowling_explains_Grindelwald_Dumbledores_relationship_Dracos_wand_transfer J.K. Rowling explains Grindelwald & Dumbledore's relationship; Draco's wand transfer]</ref>.
 
   
[[File:Gellert_Grindelwald_and_Albus_Dumbledore.JPG|thumb|250px|Gellert Grindelwald with his friend [[Albus Dumbledore]].]]
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{{Quote|He didn't like that. Grindelwald didn't like that at all. He got angry. He told me what a stupid little boy I was, trying to stand in the way of him and my brilliant brother... Didn't I ''understand'', my poor sister wouldn't ''have'' to be hidden once they'd changed the world, and led the wizards out of hiding, and taught the Muggles their place? And there was an argument... and I pulled my wand, and he pulled out his...|[[Aberforth Dumbledore]] to [[Harry Potter]], [[Hermione Granger]] and [[Ronald Weasley|Ron Weasley]]|Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows}}
{{Quote|He didn't like that. Grindelwald didn't like that at all. He got angry. He told me what a stupid little boy I was, trying to stand in the way of him and my brilliant brother . . . Didn't I ''understand'', my poor sister wouldn't ''have'' to be hidden once they'd changed the world, and led the wizards out of hiding, and taught the Muggles their place? And there was an argument . . . and I pulled my wand, and he pulled out his...|[[Aberforth Dumbledore]] to [[Harry Potter]], [[Hermione Granger]], and [[Ronald Weasley|Ron Weasley]]|Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows}}
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[[File:Tumblr_n37pvdocF11s2dr3ro8_r1_250.gif|thumb|220px|A picture of Gellert in his great-aunt [[Bathilda Bagshot]]'s house]]
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After expulsion, Gellert's quest for information about the Hallows led him to [[Godric's Hollow]], [[England]], where [[Ignotus Peverell]], said to have been the first owner of Death's [[Cloak of Invisibility]], had been laid to rest. Conveniently, his great-aunt, acclaimed Wizarding Historian [[Bathilda Bagshot]], lived there and provided a place for him to stay, complete with a treasure trove of books and documents and a minimum of supervision. It was in Godric's Hollow in late 1898 or early 1899 that Grindelwald met and befriended [[Albus Dumbledore]]. The two teenagers shared a lot in common: they were intellectuals and class-toppingly talented young wizards who were idealistic and ambitious. (Albus, who felt trapped in a boring town out of familial obligation, gained a glamourous, attractive connection to the excitement of faraway places and things in Gellert. Gellert, an ego case, gained a powerful ally, complete with stimulating conversation, who didn't threaten his sense of control.) Albus fell in love with his handsome and bright friend. This romantic affection was unrequited, but it is clear that the pair were very close and the platonic affection was genuine on both sides. They shaped one another's ideas, powers, as well as destinies from that day forth.
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They also shared two preoccupations. The [[Deathly Hallows]] held their fascination for many shared reasons, but their most fundamental reasons they didn't quite have in common. Gellert wanted (together with his friend) to acquire all three and weild the power of Master of Death, with the controlling motive common to many sociopaths- no one else can be trusted, the only way to assure things stay good is to take control for oneself, the only way to take control is to be strong. Dumbledore's heart yearned for one Hallow in particular- the [[Resurrection Stone]], which he believed could bring back his deceased parents and other lost loved ones. They also dreamed of overturning the Statute of Secrecy and creating a new order in which wise and powerful wizards and witches were the benevolent overlords of their world, including [[Muggles]]. Again, Dumbledore's reasons were subtly different: as a young man, he had witnessed and been powerless to stop a group of Muggle boys from tormenting his younger sister, [[Ariana Dumbledore|Ariana]], to the point that the sweet-natured girl suffered an emotional breakdown and her repressed magic became dangerously unstable. This resulted in his father being sent to [[Azkaban]] for taking revenge on the Muggle boys and his mother being killed in one of Ariana's accidents. He wanted power to protect his loved ones (and by extension the whole world) against cruelty and xenophobia like that shown by the Muggles. They coined the phrase that would become Grindelwald's slogan and the justification for his moral indiscretions and atrocities: "For the Greater Good."<ref name="letter">''Deathly Hallows'', letter from Albus to Gellert, Ch. 18.</ref>
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[[File:Gellert_Grindelwald_and_Albus_Dumbledore.JPG|thumb|left|150px|Gellert Grindelwald with his friend [[Albus Dumbledore]]]]
   
[[Aberforth Dumbledore]] became aware of the pair's plans, and attempted to dissuade Albus from dragging their troubled younger sister, [[Ariana Dumbledore|Ariana]], along with them on their campaign, knowing she would not receive the kind of care and attention she needed to keep her stable. Grindelwald inflicted the [[Cruciatus Curse]] on Aberforth, and Albus moved to defend his brother, igniting a three-way [[Duel at Godric's Hollow|duel]] in which Ariana was killed. Aberforth and Albus were devastated. Albus ended his friendship with Grindelwald, who fled the country, not wanting to be associated with the death considering the fact that he already had a bad record in his country.<ref name="DH28">''Deathly Hallows'', Ch. 28</ref>
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The friends' plans to leave Godric's Hollow, acquire power, as well as begin their revolution turned serious. When Dumbledore's brother [[Aberforth Dumbledore|Aberforth]] became aware of this in the summer of 1899, he was disgusted with Albus's ambition and concerned knowing that he and Ariana would need to be brought along, as she would not receive the care and attention she needed to keep her stable. The tense situation boiled over into a confrontation and Grindelwald, enraged, inflicted the [[Cruciatus Curse]] on Aberforth. Albus moved to defend his brother, igniting a vicious three-way [[Duel at Godric's Hollow|duel]] in which Ariana was accidentally killed. Aberforth and Albus were devastated. Presumably Grindelwald was also remorseful, as there is no evidence he was an emotionally cold person. Unwilling to face Albus, he fled the country and received putative blame for Ariana's death, thus confirming his place on the wrong side of the law and touching off his career as a Dark revolutionary, which would last until 1945. 
   
 
===Rise to Dark Power===
 
===Rise to Dark Power===
 
{{Quote|In a list of Most Dangerous Dark Wizards of All Time, he'd miss out on the top spot only because You-Know-Who arrived, a generation later, to steal his crown.|a line from [[The Life and Lies of Albus Dumbledore]] about Grindelwald|Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows}}
 
{{Quote|In a list of Most Dangerous Dark Wizards of All Time, he'd miss out on the top spot only because You-Know-Who arrived, a generation later, to steal his crown.|a line from [[The Life and Lies of Albus Dumbledore]] about Grindelwald|Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows}}
   
[[File:Young Gellert Grindelwald.gif|frame|left|Grindelwald steals the [[Elder Wand]] from [[Gregorovitch]].]]
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[[File:Young Gellert Grindelwald.gif|frame|right|Grindelwald steals the [[Elder Wand]] from [[Gregorovitch]].]]
Working on his own from that point forward, Grindelwald delved into his research of the [[Deathly Hallows]], and uncovered the location of the [[Elder Wand]]. Rumours had been circulating that the renowned wandsmith [[Gregorovitch]] had the wand and was trying to duplicate its properties. Grindelwald broke into the [[wandmaker]]'s workshop, and succeeded in claiming ownership of the fabled [[wand]] by waiting until Gregorovitch came then casting a stunning spell on him to be the rightful owner instead.<ref name="DH24">''Deathly Hallows'', Ch. 24</ref>
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Grindelwald delved into his research on the [[Deathly Hallows]] and uncovered the location of the [[Elder Wand]]. Rumours had been circulating that the renowned wandsmith [[Gregorovitch]] had the wand and was trying to duplicate its properties. Grindelwald broke into Gregorovitch's workshop, laid in wait for the [[wandmaker]] to return, [[Stunning Spell|Stunned]] him, and stole the wand, thereby becoming its new master. He had probably gotten the idea that the old owner of the wand need not be killed in order for it to recognize a new master from Dumbledore, as the prevailing interpretation of the lore at the time was that ownership passed only by murder.<ref name="DH24">''Deathly Hallows'', Ch. 24</ref>
   
Over the years, Grindelwald raised an [[Gellert Grindelwald's army|army]] and began a reign of terror that spread through several [[Europe]]an countries, though he never attempted to take power in Britain for his fear of his former friend, Dumbledore, who was "a shade more skilful" than he was.<ref name="DH35">''Deathly Hallows'', Ch. 35</ref> During his reign, he built the [[Nurmengard]] prison to hold any objectors, and murdered countless European wizards, including [[Viktor Krum's grandfather]]<ref name="DH8">''Deathly Hallows'', Ch. 8</ref>, all the while continuing to claim everything he did was "for the greater good." which was the phrase he put on the entrance of Nurmengard.
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The extent of Grindelwald's success in his revolutionary endeavours is unclear. He succeeded in creating a fortress, Nurmengard, to serve as his power base, apparently sufficiently impregnible that he was later imprisoned in it, inaccessible to his former supporters and breached only by [[Voldemort]]. But there is no evidence he succeeded in toppling any Wizarding governments or made much of a dent in the Statute of Secrecy, as it remained stubbornly intact (though Muggle World War II was certainly a sufficiently chaotic and violent time to hide some serious breaches). In what few accounts of Grindelwald's revolution exist, his great power as a wizard is mentioned often, but there is less mention of his crimes. One murder is noted, that of  [[Viktor Krum's grandfather]], and presumably there were others, but this lack of details protects Grindelwald's moral ambiguity: he might have been a dark anti-hero whose idealism ("For the Greater Good") was corrupted by battle or a rampaging spree murderer, and was probably neither/somewhere in between. 
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===Fall from power and life imprisonment===
   
 
{{Quote|...while I busied myself with the training of young wizards, Grindelwald was raising an [[Gellert Grindelwald's army|army]]. They say he feared me, and perhaps he did, but less, I think, than I feared him... It was the truth I feared. You see, I never knew which of us, in that last, horrific fight, had actually cast the curse that killed my sister... I think he knew it, I think he knew what frightened me. I delayed meeting him until finally, it would have been too shameful to resist any longer. People were dying and he seemed unstoppable, and I had to do what I could.|[[Albus Dumbledore]]|Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows}}
 
{{Quote|...while I busied myself with the training of young wizards, Grindelwald was raising an [[Gellert Grindelwald's army|army]]. They say he feared me, and perhaps he did, but less, I think, than I feared him... It was the truth I feared. You see, I never knew which of us, in that last, horrific fight, had actually cast the curse that killed my sister... I think he knew it, I think he knew what frightened me. I delayed meeting him until finally, it would have been too shameful to resist any longer. People were dying and he seemed unstoppable, and I had to do what I could.|[[Albus Dumbledore]]|Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows}}
   
[[File:Grindelwald Nurmengard.jpg|thumb|right|334px|Grindelwald in Nurmengard.]]
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[[File:Grindelwald_Nurmengard.jpg|thumb|left|225px|Grindelwald in Nurmengard.]]
   
===Fall from power and life imprisonment===
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[[Albus Dumbledore]] hesitated to confront Grindelwald, despite the belief held by many, including quite possibly both men themselves, that Dumbledore was the only wizard skillful enough to stop Grindelwald. His reasons for hesitating may have included residual affection for his ex-flame, residual sympathy for his revolutionary goals, or shame over his role in shaping Grindelwald's revolution, but the reason Dumbledore himself gave Harry was that he was afraid Grindelwald knew better than he did who exactly was responsible for killing Ariana and he didn't want to find out. But Dumbledore, at this point about 63 years old and Head of Transfiguration at Hogwarts, was finally importuned by people who suffered from his former friend's actions to move against him. Eye-witnesses stated that it was the greatest [[duel]] ever fought between wizards. Dumbledore bested Grindelwald, becoming the master of the [[Elder Wand]] and sending his defeated foe back to his homeland, where he was tried. He was convicted and imprisoned in the topmost cell of [[Nurmengard]], where he spent the rest of his life until his murder by [[Voldemort]].<ref name="DH35" />
When his dark work and justification became "too much", he was finally confronted, due to the cries of the public, by his old friend [[Albus Dumbledore]], who bested him in a [[Duel between Albus Dumbledore and Gellert Grindelwald|duel]]. Eye-witnesses stated that it was the greatest duel ever fought between wizards. Dumbledore then became the master of the [[Elder Wand]], and Grindelwald was sent back to his homeland and put in the topmost cell of [[Nurmengard]] where he spent the rest of his life until his murder by [[Lord Voldemort]].<ref name="DH35" />
 
   
 
====Death====
 
====Death====
 
{{Quote|Kill me, then. Voldemort, I welcome death! But my death will not bring you what you seek… There is so much you do not understand…|Grindelwald to [[Tom Riddle|Voldemort]] shortly before his death|Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows}}
 
{{Quote|Kill me, then. Voldemort, I welcome death! But my death will not bring you what you seek… There is so much you do not understand…|Grindelwald to [[Tom Riddle|Voldemort]] shortly before his death|Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows}}
[[File:Grindelwald and Voldemort.gif|frame|left|[[Voldemort]] interrogates Grindelwald over the [[Elder Wand]]'s location.]]
 
   
Fifty-three years after his defeat, Grindelwald was slain in his prison cell by [[Tom Riddle|Lord Voldemort]], who was searching for the [[Elder Wand]] for himself. It was only during the confrontation in Grindelwald's cell that Voldemort learned [[Albus Dumbledore]] had claimed the wand long ago. Grindelwald showed no fear during this confrontation, taunting Voldemort by name and laughing at his desire for the wand. Voldemort ended Grindelwald's life with the [[Killing Curse]] in the spring of [[1998]].<ref name="DH23">''Deathly Hallows'', Ch. 23</ref>
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[[File:Grindelwald_and_Voldemort.gif|thumb|240px|[[Voldemort]] interrogates Grindelwald over the [[Elder Wand]]'s location.]]
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Fifty-three years after his defeat, Grindelwald was slain in his prison cell by [[Tom Riddle|Voldemort]], who was searching for the [[Elder Wand]] for himself. It was only during the confrontation in Grindelwald's cell that Voldemort learned [[Albus Dumbledore]] had claimed the wand long ago. Grindelwald showed no fear during this confrontation, taunting Voldemort by name and laughing at his desire for the wand. Voldemort ended Grindelwald's life with the [[Killing Curse]] in the spring of [[1998]].<ref name="DH23">''Deathly Hallows'', Ch. 23</ref>
   
 
==Physical appearance==
 
==Physical appearance==
[[File:Young_Grindelwald_-_window_ledge.JPG|thumb|290px|Young Grindelwald stealing the [[Elder wand]] from Gregorovitch]]
 
As a young man, Grindelwald had golden blond hair and a "merry, wild" face. [[Harry Potter]] thought he had "a [[Fred and George Weasley|Fred and George]]-ish air of triumphant trickery about him". He was considered to be handsome just like young [[Tom Marvolo Riddle|Tom Riddle]].<ref>{{DH}} ch.14</ref>
 
   
Near the end of his life, when Voldemort found him at the top of [[Nurmengard]], Grindelwald had been emaciated, his body becoming a frail skeletal figure, his skull-like face with great sunken eyes, and most of his teeth were gone.
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As a young man, Grindelwald had golden blond hair and a "merry, wild" face. [[Harry Potter]] thought he had "a [[Fred and George Weasley|Fred and George]]-ish air of triumphant trickery about him".<ref>{{DH}} ch.14</ref>
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Near the end of his life, when Voldemort found him at the top of [[Nurmengard]], Grindelwald had been emaciated, his body becoming a frail skeletal figure, his skull-like face with great sunken eyes and wrinkled cheeks, as well as most of his teeth were gone. 
   
 
==Personality and traits==
 
==Personality and traits==
 
{{Dialogue a-b-a|Harry Potter|Grindelwald tried to stop Voldemort going after the wand. He lied, you know, pretended he had never had it.|Albus Dumbledore|They say he showed remorse in later years, alone in his cell at Nurmengard. I hope that is true. I would like to think that he did feel the horror and shame of what he had done. Perhaps that lie to Voldemort was his attempt to make amends . . . to prevent Voldemort from taking the Hallow . . .|. . .or maybe from breaking into your tomb?|[[Harry Potter]] and [[Albus Dumbledore]] discussing Grindelwald after his death|Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows}}
 
{{Dialogue a-b-a|Harry Potter|Grindelwald tried to stop Voldemort going after the wand. He lied, you know, pretended he had never had it.|Albus Dumbledore|They say he showed remorse in later years, alone in his cell at Nurmengard. I hope that is true. I would like to think that he did feel the horror and shame of what he had done. Perhaps that lie to Voldemort was his attempt to make amends . . . to prevent Voldemort from taking the Hallow . . .|. . .or maybe from breaking into your tomb?|[[Harry Potter]] and [[Albus Dumbledore]] discussing Grindelwald after his death|Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows}}
   
Grindelwald was a charming and brilliant young wizard, but even as a teenager he was fascinated by the [[Dark Arts]], and was dangerously powerful and ambitious.<ref name="DH18"/> He was highly intelligent, magically talented, and ruthless, with a vicious temper; for example, when [[Aberforth Dumbledore]] challenged his plans and tried to convince his older brother to abandon them, Grindelwald "lost control" and used the [[Cruciatus Curse]] on Aberforth.<ref name="DH35"/> Grindelwald was considered the most powerful [[Dark Wizard]] in history, aside from [[Tom Riddle|Lord Voldemort]].<ref name="DH18"/>
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Grindelwald was charming and brilliant as a young wizard. His attraction to the [[Dark Arts]], noted previously, was predictable given his personality and background, as well as not necessary malevolent in its initial stages.<ref name="DH18" /> He was highly intelligent, magically talented, idealistic, as well as ambitious to the point of ruthlessness, with a vicious temper: for example, when [[Aberforth Dumbledore]] challenged his and Albus's plans and tried to convince his brother to abandon them, Grindelwald "lost control" and used the [[Cruciatus Curse]] on Aberforth.<ref name="DH35" /> Some considered Grindelwald the most powerful [[Dark Wizard]] in history, aside from [[Tom Riddle|Lord Voldemort]]. Of course, history is very long indeed, and the most recent parts are often best remembered.<ref name="DH18" />
   
Grindelwald was a narcissist, being very self-absorbed and thinking almost no one was his equal. He gifted his friendship only to those who had something to offer him in return, such as [[Albus Dumbledore]]. He also showed himself to be highly manipulative, such as when he wilfully exploited his friend's affection for him in order to gain Dumbledore's cooperation with his plans.<ref name="Daily News"/>
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Grindelwald was highly self-centered, but able to recognize talent in others and form close human connections. In comparison to the "stupid" evil exhibited by some beings such as trolls, the "officious" evil exhibited by the likes of [[Dolores Umbridge]], as well as the "chaotic", "narcissistic" evil characteristic of Voldemort, Grindelwald is probably best understood in terms of sociopathy. Like many sociopaths before and since, his idealism was genuine and he was capable of real human connection and feelings, but he was filled with intrinsic manipulative traits and the willingness to use them for his own purposes, as well as a malleable moral compass and a tendency to become dangerous when indulged with power. <ref name="Daily News" />
   
[[File:GellertDH.jpg|thumb|250px|right|Grindelwald as an old man.]]
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[[File:GellertDH.jpg|thumb|left|175px|Grindelwald as an old man.]]
Grindelwald apparently did not know fear, or at least did not show it. Even face-to-face with the only [[Dark Wizard]] to ever be considered more dangerous than himself, wandless and helpless, Grindelwald was openly defiant and even mocking, goading Voldemort into killing him. He claimed during this moment that, unlike the Dark Lord, he had no fear of death<ref name="DH23"/>. On the contrary, he taunted Voldemort by claiming that he welcomed death which shows that unlike [[Voldemort|The Dark Lord]], Grindelwald knows and agrees with [[Albus Dumbledore]] in the fact that there are other things that are much worse than death.
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There is evidence that Grindelwald regained some perspective after his downfall. He held [[Voldemort]] in complete contempt, considering him a powerful idiot who understood nothing of importance. He also apparently lost his will to live in his long confinement. When, trapped and unarmed, Grindelwald faced certain death at the hands of the only [[Dark Wizard]] to ever be considered more dangerous than himself, he was openly defiant and even mocking, goading Voldemort into killing him. Indeed, he seemed to exhibit a grotesque remnant of the "merry, wild" temperament of his youth, as though glad he finally had someone interesting to talk to before his long-awaited death. His last-words dressing-down of Voldemort and rather enthusiastic outlook on "the next great adventure" seems clear in its connection to his old friend, [[Albus Dumbledore]]. 
   
There is evidence that Grindelwald felt remorse for all he had done. He does seem to have shown some doubts about his actions, as he felt the need to justify his atrocities by claiming that they were "for the greater good".<ref name="DH18"/> This is further supported by the fact he chose to stun Gregorovitch, not kill, when he acquired the [[Elder Wand]]. He also seemed to genuinely care about Albus Dumbledore, though he did not ever return Dumbledore's romantic feelings. He valued their friendship when they were young and respected Dumbledore's abilities; like Voldemort, he seemed to be afraid of no one except Dumbledore. Part of his motivation for refusing to give Voldemort any information about the [[Elder Wand]] may have been a desire to prevent Dumbledore's tomb from being desecrated, or even out of pure remorse for his own crimes. Alternatively, he may have merely wanted to taunt Voldemort.<ref name="DH35"/>
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Some consider Grindelwald to have been an unambiguously evil Dark Wizard, more or less a Voldemort-before-Voldemort. But there are three pieces of evidence to the contrary. First, Dumbledore's famed judgment of character may not have been fully formed as a young man (perhaps his ability to sniff out people who would go bad in a big way if only given the tools was partly formed by his experience with Gellert), but most personality traits are stable throughout the lifetime and presumably Albus would not have found Gellert a worthy companion if there were nothing to him but a selfish quest for power. Second, his decision to stun Gregorovitch, not kill, when he acquired the [[Elder Wand]] hints at an idealistic if Machiavellian moral code.<ref name="DH18" /> Third. part of his motivation for refusing to give Voldemort any information about the [[Elder Wand]] may have been a desire to prevent Dumbledore's tomb from being desecrated, or even out of remorse for his own crimes. Alternatively, he may have merely wanted to taunt Voldemort.<ref name="DH35" />
   
 
==Magical abilities and skills==
 
==Magical abilities and skills==
 
{{Quote|In a list of "Most Dangerous Dark Wizards of All Time", he'd miss out on the top spot only because You-Know-Who arrived, a generation later, to steal his crown.|A line from [[The Life and Lies of Albus Dumbledore]] about Grindelwald.|Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows}}
 
{{Quote|In a list of "Most Dangerous Dark Wizards of All Time", he'd miss out on the top spot only because You-Know-Who arrived, a generation later, to steal his crown.|A line from [[The Life and Lies of Albus Dumbledore]] about Grindelwald.|Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows}}
   
Grindelwald was brilliantly talented while a student and later as an adult. His skills in magic are comparable with [[Albus Dumbledore]] and [[Tom Riddle|Lord Voldemort]]. As a former master of the [[Elder Wand]], Grindelwald's magic was further enforced by the artifact's legendary powers.
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Grindelwald was brilliantly talented while a student and later as an adult. His skills in magic are comparable with [[Albus Dumbledore]] and [[Tom Riddle|Voldemort]]. As a former master of the [[Elder Wand]], Grindelwald's magic was further enforced by the artefact's legendary powers.
   
*'''[[Dark Arts]]''': Grindelwald had a talent and passion for the [[Dark Arts]] from a young age. In his school days he experimented with [[Dark Arts]] on his friends at [[Durmstrang]]. His experiments in Dark Arts were almost lethal, even in his youth. As an adult, he nearly perfected almost every aspect of [[Dark magic]] which led him on top of the list of The Most Dangerous [[Dark Wizard]]s of All Time, long before [[Lord Voldemort]] appeared.
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*'''[[Dark Arts]]:''' Grindelwald had a talent and passion for the [[Dark Arts]] from a young age. In his school days he experimented with [[Dark Arts]] on his friends at [[Durmstrang]]. His experiments in Dark Arts were almost lethal, even in his youth. As an adult, he nearly perfected almost every aspect of [[Dark magic]] which led him on top of the list of The Most Dangerous [[Dark Wizard]]s of All Time, long before [[Lord Voldemort]] appeared. Grindelwald was adept at casting the [[Cruciatus Curse]], as well as utilised it on at least on one occasion against [[Aberforth Dumbledore]].
*'''[[Duel]]ling: '''Grindelwald was a highly skilled duellist, able to fight with [[Albus Dumbledore]] when he was at the height of his power; their [[Duel between Albus Dumbledore and Gellert Grindelwald|duel]] has entered history as the greatest duel ever fought between two wizards. He defeated and killed many powerful witches and wizards in duels during his reign of terror in [[Europe]]. However, Grindelwald was unable to defeat Albus despite the fact that he was wielding the [[Elder Wand]] at the time. Albus described himself as "a shade more skilful" than Grindelwald.
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*'''[[Duel]]ling: '''Grindelwald was a highly skilled duellist, able to fight with [[Albus Dumbledore]] when he was at the height of his power: their [[Duel between Albus Dumbledore and Gellert Grindelwald|duel]] has entered history as the greatest duel ever fought between two wizards. He was also able to quickly [[Stunning Spell|stun]] [[Gregorovitch]] in order to master the [[Elder Wand]]. He defeated and killed many powerful witches and wizards in duels during his reign of terror in [[Europe]]. However, Grindelwald was unable to defeat Albus despite the fact that he was wielding the [[Elder Wand]] at the time. Albus described himself as "a shade more skilful" than Grindelwald.
*'''Knowledge of Wandlore''': Grindelwald was aware that to take control of the Elder Wand he needed to not just steal the wand, but defeat the previous owner.
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*'''Knowledge of [[Wandlore]]:''' Grindelwald was aware that to take control of the Elder Wand he needed to not just steal the wand, but defeat the previous owner.
*'''Invisibility''': [[Albus Dumbledore]] said that Grindelwald could make himself invisible without the use of an [[invisibility cloak]]; to achieve such a state, Grindelwald would have used an extremely powerful [[Disillusionment Charm]].
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*'''Invisibility:''' [[Albus Dumbledore]] said that Grindelwald could make himself invisible without the use of an [[invisibility cloak]]: to achieve such a state, Grindelwald would have used an extremely powerful [[Disillusionment Charm]].
*'''[[Stunning Spell]]''': Grindelwald was able to stun [[Gregorovitch]] in order to win the [[Elder Wand]]'s loyalty from him.
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*'''[[Occlumency]]:''' Grindelwald was an extremely accomlished Occlumens, as even Voldemort, who has gained the reputation to be the most accomplished Legilimens alive, was unable to penetrate his mind to gain information for the search of the Elder Wand.
*'''[[Occlumency]] ''': It is extremely likely that Grindlewald was an extremely accomlished Occlumens, as even Lord Voldemort, who has gained the reputation to be the most accomplished Legilimens alive, was unable to penetrate his mind to gain information for the search of the Elder Wand.
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*'''[[Necromancy]]''' (possibly): Grindelwald hoped to use the [[Resurection Stone]] to create an army of [[Inferi]]. Though he never aquired the stone it's possible that he still managed to summon them through other methods.
*'''[[Cruciatus Curse]]''': Grindelwald was adept at casting the [[Cruciatus Curse]], and utilised it on at least one occasion against [[Aberforth Dumbledore]].
 
   
 
==Relationships==
 
==Relationships==
 
===Albus Dumbledore===
 
===Albus Dumbledore===
[[File:Albus_Dumbledore_(HBP_promo)_1.jpg|thumb|[[Albus Dumbledore]]]]{{Quote|Did I know, in my heart of hearts, what Gellert Grindelwald was? I think I did, but I closed my eyes.|Albus Dumbledore to Harry Potter, about his friendship with Gellert Grindelwald|Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows}}
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{{Quote|Did I know, in my heart of hearts, what Gellert Grindelwald was? I think I did, but I closed my eyes.|Albus Dumbledore to Harry Potter, about his friendship with Gellert Grindelwald|Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows}}
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  +
[[File:Albus_Dumbledore_(HBP_promo)_1.jpg|thumb|155px|[[Albus Dumbledore]]]]
   
[[Albus Dumbledore]] first met Grindelwald when he was seventeen. They were introduced by Grindelwald's great aunt, [[Bathilda Bagshot]]. They got along almost instantly, according to Bagshot. They were ultimately united by their desire to have the [[Deathly Hallows]]. Although Dumbledore had romantic feelings towards Grindelwald, Grindelwald never returned this affection. Instead, he exploited his friend's infatuation in order to keep Albus on his side and maintained their friendship primarily because he saw Albus as his equal in power and intellect.<ref name="Daily News" /> They were very close for two months, making plans to find the Deathly Hallows and lead a [[revolution|wizarding revolution]], and Albus neglected his younger siblings, [[Aberforth Dumbledore|Aberforth]] and [[Ariana Dumbledore|Ariana]], as a result. When Aberforth confronted the pair over this, Grindelwald lost his temper and attacked Aberforth. Albus rushed forward to defend his brother, and during the duel Ariana was killed. Grindelwald fled, his friendship with Albus over.
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[[Albus Dumbledore]] first met Grindelwald when he was seventeen. They were introduced by Grindelwald's great aunt, [[Bathilda Bagshot]]. They got along almost instantly, according to Bagshot. They had much in common, including the quest for the [[Deathly Hallows]] and edgy ideals about the structure of a wizard-led society. Dumbledore's romantic feelings towards Grindelwald went unrequited and indeed probably unrevealed, given the culture of the early 20th century, but their friendship was very close. But Grindelwald was sociopathic, and may have sensed that the depth of his friend's affection for him could be used to monopolize his attention and push his moral envelope.<ref name="Daily News" /> They were very close for two months, making plans to find the Deathly Hallows and lead a [[revolution|wizarding revolution]] but Albus neglected his younger siblings, [[Aberforth Dumbledore|Aberforth]] and [[Ariana Dumbledore|Ariana]], as a result. When Aberforth confronted the pair over this, Grindelwald lost his temper and attacked Aberforth. Albus rushed forward to defend his brother, as well as during the duel Ariana was killed. Grindelwald fled, his friendship with Albus over.
   
Over the next few decades, Grindelwald gained power in Europe, and Dumbledore refused to face him out of fear that Grindelwald knew who had really killed Ariana. Eventually, however, Dumbledore could no longer stand idly by as his old friend terrorized Europe. In [[1945]], Grindelwald combated Dumbledore for a second time in a legendary [[duel]], said by eyewitnesses to be the greatest duel ever fought between wizards. Dumbledore won in the end, and took possession of the [[Elder Wand]] and imprisoned Grindelwald in his own prison [[Nurmengard]].
+
Over the next few decades, Grindelwald caused considerable havoc on behalf of his revolution and Dumbledore refused to face him out of fear that Grindelwald knew who had really killed Ariana. Eventually, however, Dumbledore could no longer stand idle with his former friend an increasing source of terror on the continent. In [[1945]], Grindelwald combated Dumbledore for a second time in a legendary [[duel]], said by eyewitnesses to be the greatest duel ever fought between wizards. Dumbledore won in the end, as well as took possession of the [[Elder Wand]] and imprisoned Grindelwald in his own prison [[Nurmengard]].
   
 
Many years later, in [[1998]], Grindelwald refused to give any information to [[Tom Riddle|Lord Voldemort]] about the Elder Wand despite the fact that he was imprisoned, wandless and face-to-face with the only Dark Wizard ever considered more powerful than himself. This seems to indicate that Grindelwald no longer held with the views of those who practised the Dark Arts. It was speculated by [[Harry Potter]] that Grindelwald had given his life to prevent Voldemort from desecrating Dumbledore's tomb, perhaps indicating that Grindelwald retained some respect and affection for his old friend.
 
Many years later, in [[1998]], Grindelwald refused to give any information to [[Tom Riddle|Lord Voldemort]] about the Elder Wand despite the fact that he was imprisoned, wandless and face-to-face with the only Dark Wizard ever considered more powerful than himself. This seems to indicate that Grindelwald no longer held with the views of those who practised the Dark Arts. It was speculated by [[Harry Potter]] that Grindelwald had given his life to prevent Voldemort from desecrating Dumbledore's tomb, perhaps indicating that Grindelwald retained some respect and affection for his old friend.
   
 
==Etymology==
 
==Etymology==
*''Gellert'' is the Hungarian version of ''Gerard'', which comes from the Germanic ''ger'', "spear", and ''hard'', "brave, hardy". Saint Gellert was an Italian-born missionary and martyr who worked in Hungary.<ref>[http://www.behindthename.com/name/gelle10rt Behind the Name: Gellert]</ref>
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*''Gellert'' is the Hungarian version of ''Gerard'', which comes from the Germanic ''ger'', "spear", as well as ''hard'', "brave, hardy". Saint Gellert was an Italian-born missionary and martyr who worked in Hungary.<ref>[http://www.behindthename.com/name/gelle10rt Behind the Name: Gellert]</ref>
 
*[[Wikipedia:Gellért Hill|Gellért Hill]] is a high hill overlooking the [[Wikipedia:Danube|Danube]] in [[Wikipedia:Budapest|Budapest]], [[Wikipedia:Hungary|Hungary]]. Gellért Hill was named after [[Wikipedia:Saint Gerard|Saint Gerard]] who was thrown to death from the hill. The famous [[Wikipedia:Hotel Gellért|Hotel Gellért]] and the [[Wikipedia:Gellért Baths|Gellért Baths]] can be found in [[Wikipedia:Gellért Square|Gellért Square]] at the foot of the hill. The [[Wikipedia:Gellért Hill Cave|Gellért Hill Cave]] is located within the hill, facing toward Hotel Gellért and the Danube River.
 
*[[Wikipedia:Gellért Hill|Gellért Hill]] is a high hill overlooking the [[Wikipedia:Danube|Danube]] in [[Wikipedia:Budapest|Budapest]], [[Wikipedia:Hungary|Hungary]]. Gellért Hill was named after [[Wikipedia:Saint Gerard|Saint Gerard]] who was thrown to death from the hill. The famous [[Wikipedia:Hotel Gellért|Hotel Gellért]] and the [[Wikipedia:Gellért Baths|Gellért Baths]] can be found in [[Wikipedia:Gellért Square|Gellért Square]] at the foot of the hill. The [[Wikipedia:Gellért Hill Cave|Gellért Hill Cave]] is located within the hill, facing toward Hotel Gellért and the Danube River.
 
*''Grindel'' is old German for "bolt," and is also similar to the mythic monster [[Wikipedia:Grendel|Grendel]] who was defeated by Beowulf. ''Wald'' is German for "forest". Grindelwald is also the name of a ski resort in Switzerland.
 
*''Grindel'' is old German for "bolt," and is also similar to the mythic monster [[Wikipedia:Grendel|Grendel]] who was defeated by Beowulf. ''Wald'' is German for "forest". Grindelwald is also the name of a ski resort in Switzerland.
*It is of interesting but purely speculative note that the name ''Gellert'' is very close to the name ''Gelert,'' the name of a legendary dog of cultural, but little historical, significance to Northern Wales. According to local mythology, Gelert was the most faithful companion of Prince Llewelyn, mistaken for the assailant of the prince's infant heir. His "grave" is a site in Beddgelert (literally Gelert's Grave), Gwynedd, and the legend is popular in the area.
+
*It is of interesting but purely speculative note that the name ''Gellert'' is very close to the name ''Gelert,'' the name of a legendary dog of cultural, but little historical, significance to Northern Wales. According to local mythology, Gelert was the most faithful companion of Prince Llewelyn, mistaken for the assailant of the prince's infant heir. His "grave" is a site in Beddgelert (literally Gelert's Grave), Gwynedd, as well as the legend is popular in the area.
*In German, wald is "forest." Grind is a scab, as in the hardened covering over a scar; could also be grinsen, a grin or big smile. The words grindel or grendel appeared in early versions of several Germanic languages, including English. Grindan in Old English meant "to grind," and further "destroyer," someone who grinds up others. In Middle English, grindel meant "angry." In Old Norse, grindill was taken from "storm," and also meant "to bellow," or produce a loud, frightening yell. In Danish legend, the Grendel was a fearsome, murderous monster of humanoid form. He was later defeated by the Scandinavian hero Beowulf in the medieval story of the same name.
+
*In German, wald is "forest." Grind is a scab, as in the hardened covering over a scar, could also be grinsen, a grin or big smile. The words grindel or grendel appeared in early versions of several Germanic languages, including English. Grindan in Old English meant "to grind," and further "destroyer," someone who grinds up others. In Middle English, grindel meant "angry." In Old Norse, grindill was taken from "storm," and also meant "to bellow," or produce a loud, frightening yell. In Danish legend, the Grendel was a fearsome, murderous monster of humanoid form. He was later defeated by the Scandinavian hero Beowulf in the medieval story of the same name.
   
 
==Behind the scenes==
 
==Behind the scenes==
*Grindelwald seems to be the wizarding version of Adolf Hitler. The date of Grindelwald's duel with Dumbledore coincides with the downfall of [[wikipedia:Axis powers of World War II|Nazi Germany]]. Grindelwald adopted an ancient symbol as his sigil (the symbol of the Deathly Hallows) just as the Nazis adopted the swastika, itself an ancient symbol. Furthermore, the prison [[Nurmengard]] shares a similar name to the Franconian city of {{wplink|Nuremberg}}, where war criminal trials of former Nazis were held. Nurmengard's dual role as prison to both the victims and later the perpetrator may be a reference to Nuremberg's dual significance in World War II, which, aside from being the site of the Nuremberg Trials, was also the site of the proposal and adoption of the Nuremberg Laws, infamous discriminatory laws against Jewish people. [[Nurmengard]] also bears a sign that reads "For the Greater Good", which may correspond to the infamous "Arbeit Macht Frei" sign (German for "Work Makes [One] Free") which hung above the entrance to Auschwitz. Grindelwald's eventual sole imprisonment in his own prison is possibly a reference to the fate of Rudolf Hess, who from 1966 until his death in 1987 was the sole prisoner of Spandau prison.
+
* In a 2005 interview around the same time {{HBP}} was published, Rowling stated that it was not a coincidence that he was defeated in 1945, hinting at a connection with {{wplink|Adolf Hitler}} and at least the European front of {{wplink|World War II}}<ref>[http://www.accio-quote.org/articles/2005/0705-tlc_mugglenet-anelli-3.htm "The Leaky Cauldron and Mugglenet interview Joanne Kathleen Rowling: Part Three," The Leaky Cauldron, 16 July 2005]</ref>. Grindelwald seems to be the wizarding version of Adolf Hitler. As referenced by Rowling, the date of Grindelwald's duel with Dumbledore coincides with the downfall of [[wikipedia:Axis powers of World War II|Nazi Germany]]. There are other similarities as well. Grindelwald adopted an ancient symbol as his sigil (the symbol of the Deathly Hallows) just as the Nazis adopted the manji, switching its facing to create the swastika, itself an ancient symbol. Furthermore, the prison [[Nurmengard]] shares a similar name to the Franconian city of {{wplink|Nuremberg}}, where war criminal trials of former Nazis were held. Nurmengard's dual role as prison to both the victims and later the perpetrator may be a reference to Nuremberg's dual significance in World War II, which, aside from being the site of the Nuremberg Trials, was also the site of the proposal and adoption of the Nuremberg Laws, infamous discriminatory laws against Jewish people. [[Nurmengard]] also bears a sign that reads "For the Greater Good", which may correspond to the infamous "Arbeit Macht Frei" sign (German for "Work Makes [One] Free") which hung above the entrance to Auschwitz. Grindelwald's eventual sole imprisonment in his own prison is possibly a reference to the fate of Rudolf Hess, who from 1966 until his death in 1987 was the sole prisoner of Spandau prison. But the reader should beware imagining too close of a connection, as JK Rowling probably used Muggle history as a jumping off point for her imagined Wizarding history but didn't intend to create a deep, multi-layered metaphor but instead go in her own direction.
*It was revealed by [[J. K. Rowling]] during a tour in 2007 that [[Albus Dumbledore]] was homosexual, and harboured romantic feelings for Grindelwald<ref name="JKR" />. Although she did not initially comment on Grindelwald's sexuality, Rowling later clarified that although Grindelwald was aware of Dumbledore's feelings, he merely used them to manipulate the other boy and did not reciprocate romantically.<ref name="Daily News" />
+
**Voldemort himself is more similar to Hitler in terms of the extremes he was willing to go to. 
  +
*It was revealed by [[J. K. Rowling]] during a tour in 2007 that [[Albus Dumbledore]] was homosexual, as well as harboured romantic feelings for Grindelwald<ref name="JKR" />. Although she did not initially comment on Grindelwald's sexuality, Rowling later clarified that although Grindelwald was aware of Dumbledore's feelings, he merely used them to manipulate the other boy and did not reciprocate romantically.<ref name="Daily News" />
  +
**However, Gellert may have had a genuine platonic love for Albus.
 
*Despite being expelled from school, Grindelwald never had his wand confiscated and destroyed, as he had it with him when planning for the revolution and attacking [[Gregorovitch]] for the Elder Wand, although he might have simply found another wand as replacement.
 
*Despite being expelled from school, Grindelwald never had his wand confiscated and destroyed, as he had it with him when planning for the revolution and attacking [[Gregorovitch]] for the Elder Wand, although he might have simply found another wand as replacement.
*In a 2005 interview around the same time {{HBP}} was published, Rowling stated that Grindelwald was dead<ref>[http://www.accio-quote.org/articles/2005/0705-tlc_mugglenet-anelli-3.htm "The Leaky Cauldron and Mugglenet interview Joanne Kathleen Rowling: Part Three," The Leaky Cauldron, 16 July 2005]</ref>. However, it was revealed in {{DH}} that he was still alive and imprisoned in [[Nurmengard]]. Rowling could have been speaking in the context of the chronology at the time of the interview, as Deathly Hallows takes place in 1998. She stated in the same interview that it was not a coincidence that he was defeated in 1945, hinting at a connection with {{wplink|Adolf Hitler}} and at least the European front of {{wplink|World War II}}.
+
*In a 2005 interview around the same time {{HBP}} was published, Rowling stated that Grindelwald was dead<ref>[http://www.accio-quote.org/articles/2005/0705-tlc_mugglenet-anelli-3.htm "The Leaky Cauldron and Mugglenet interview Joanne Kathleen Rowling: Part Three," The Leaky Cauldron, 16 July 2005]</ref>. However, it was revealed in {{DH}} that he was still alive and imprisoned in [[Nurmengard]]. Rowling could have been speaking in the context of the chronology at the time of the interview, as Deathly Hallows takes place in 1998.
*British actor [[Jamie Campbell Bower]] portrays the young Gellert Grindelwald in the [[Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows (film)|film adaptations]] of ''[[Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows]]''<ref name="JamieGrindelwald">''[http://harrypotterupdate.multiply.com/journal/item/217/Jamies_a_bachelor_of_dark_arts Jamie's a bachelor of (dark) arts]''</ref>, whereas [[Michael Byrne]] portrays the character as an old man.<ref>http://www.imdb.com/title/tt0926084/fullcredits#cast</ref>Bower has stated that he believes his character to be gay, and has referred to [[Toby Regbo]], who portrays the teenage Dumbledore, as his "on-screen lover."
+
*British actor [[Jamie Campbell Bower]] portrays the young Gellert Grindelwald in the [[Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows (film)|film adaptations]] of ''[[Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows]]''<ref name="JamieGrindelwald">''[http://harrypotterupdate.multiply.com/journal/item/217/Jamies_a_bachelor_of_dark_arts Jamie's a bachelor of (dark) arts]''</ref>, whereas [[Michael Byrne]] portrays the character as an old man.<ref>http://www.imdb.com/title/tt0926084/fullcredits#cast</ref>Bower has stated that he believes his character to be gay, as well as has referred to [[Toby Regbo]], who portrays the teenage Dumbledore, as his "on-screen lover."
*In the film adaptation of ''Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows'', Grindelwald's position as a Dark wizard and attempted conquest is not explained beyond that he is called a Dark wizard in a deleted scene of the [[Harry Potter and the Philosopher's Stone (film)|''Philosopher's Stone'' film]]. More so, he willingly tells Voldemort who had the Elder Wand and where it was, as opposed to the novel where he refuses and dies for it. This suggests that in the film he does not show remorse as implied in the book. Aside from a split second flash of light that looks like a dark figure casting an incantation, Voldemort does not seem to kill Grindelwald as he does in the book, instead appearing to Disapparate away instantly. This is likely because Gellert helped Voldemort.
+
*In the film adaptation of ''Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows'', Grindelwald's historical significance is not explained in the slightest, as well as it is not made crystal clear that he is murdered, though it is implied. 
*It is unknown as to why Grindelwald is considered less of a Dark Lord than Voldemort as Voldemort himself is only known to terrorize England while Grindelwald terrorized all of Europe. One possibility is that his lower position is strictly in England's viewpoint, or simply because Voldemort's campaign of darkness is more recent and so is more heavily etched in the public memory. It could also be due to their differing goals; Grindelwald merely wanted to dominate and rule Muggles, whereas Voldemort wished to kill them outright, along with anyone he considered not of pure blood.
+
*It is unknown as to why Grindelwald is considered less of a Dark Lord than Voldemort as Voldemort himself is only known to terrorize Britain while Grindelwald terrorized all of Europe (in reality, the extent of Grindelwald's success and crimes is not made clear in the books, probably it was not greater than Voldemort's). One possibility is that his lower position is strictly in Britain's viewpoint, or simply because Voldemort's campaign of darkness is more recent and so is more heavily etched in the public memory. It could also be due to their differing goals: Grindelwald merely wanted to dominate and rule Muggles, whereas Voldemort wished to kill them outright, along with anyone he considered not of pure blood.
   
 
==Appearances==
 
==Appearances==
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*''[[Harry Potter and the Philosopher's Stone (film)]]'' {{Comment|Name seen on [[Chocolate Frog Cards]]}} {{comment|Mentioned in deleted scene}}
 
*''[[Harry Potter and the Philosopher's Stone (film)]]'' {{Comment|Name seen on [[Chocolate Frog Cards]]}} {{comment|Mentioned in deleted scene}}
 
*''[[Harry Potter and the Philosopher's Stone (video game)]]'' {{FWC mention}}
 
*''[[Harry Potter and the Philosopher's Stone (video game)]]'' {{FWC mention}}
  +
*''[[Harry Potter and the Chamber of Secrets (video game)]]'' {{Template:FWC mention}}
 
*''[[Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows]]'' {{1st}} {{Photograph}} {{Vision}}
 
*''[[Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows]]'' {{1st}} {{Photograph}} {{Vision}}
 
*''[[Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows: Part 1]]'' {{Photograph}} {{Vision}}
 
*''[[Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows: Part 1]]'' {{Photograph}} {{Vision}}
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{{Deathly Hallows Owners}}
 
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Latest revision as of 07:50, June 18, 2014

GellertGrindelwaldHarryPotterPagetoScreen
Gellert Grindelwald
Biographical information
Born

c. 1882

Died

March, 1998 (aged 116)
Nurmengard

Blood status

Pure-blood or Half-blood[1]

Marital status

Single

Physical information
Gender

Male

Hair colour

Blond

Eye colour

Blue

Skin colour

Light

Family information
Family members
Magical characteristics
Wand
Affiliation
Loyalty
"For the Greater Good."
—Gellert Grindelwald's slogan.[src]

Gellert Grindelwald (c. 1882-1998) was considered one of the most powerful Dark Wizards of all time, second only to Tom Marvolo Riddle, who later became known as Lord Voldemort. He was schooled at Durmstrang Institute until his expulsion. Later he fostered a friendship with Albus Dumbledore while living in Godric's Hollow for a summer with his great-aunt, Bathilda Bagshot. The two made plans to find the Deathly Hallows and wield their new-found power as Masters of Death, leading a Wizarding revolution with the aim of ending the International Statute of Secrecy and creating a benevolent global order led by wise and powerful witches and wizards. Their partnership fell apart after the two were involved in a three-way duel with Aberforth Dumbledore that resulted in Ariana Dumbledore's death.

Grindelwald left Britain and soon stole the Elder Wand, proceeding alone with the revolution he and Dumbledore had planned. He established a power base in continental Europe at the fortress Nurmengard. Grindelwald was a complex figure, highly idealistic but marred by sociopathic tendencies and his links with the Dark Arts, a revolutionary operating outside the law. He was not a wanton killer or torturer, but he and his followers (in a single-minded and unpopular quest; one's allies must often be unsavory characters) committed numerous crimes, including several known murders. In 1945, at the height of his power, Dumbledore confronted and defeated him in a legendary duel. Grindelwald was subsequently imprisoned in his own fortress for decades, and was slain there by Voldemort in 1998 when he refused to give up information on the Elder Wand.

BiographyEdit

Early lifeEdit

"Educated at Durmstrang, a school famous even then for its unfortunate tolerance of the Dark Arts, Grindelwald showed himself quite as precociously brilliant as Dumbledore. Rather than channel his abilities into the attainment of awards and prizes, however, Gellert Grindelwald devoted himself to other pursuits. At sixteen years old, even Durmstrang felt it could no longer turn a blind eye to the twisted experiments of Gellert Grindelwald and he was expelled."
—Excerpt from The Life and Lies of Albus Dumbledore describing Grindelwald's school days[src]
Gellert Grindelwald school portrait

Gellert Grindelwald posing for his Durmstrang school portrait

Gellert Grindelwald was born around 1882, possibly in Hungary or Central or Eastern Europe. He was educated at the Durmstrang Institute, where he excelled at magic and absorbed much of the strength-obsessed and Darkness-flavoured school culture, but ran afoul of its rigid hierarchies. An extremely talented wizard with an attractive, winsome personality and "merry, wild" disposition, he, like many similar others, felt the pull of the Dark Arts. As a Durmstrang student, he was taught that the Dark Arts are a means to an end, a powerful and mysterious tool for a strong-willed young wizard to use to achieve his ends, as well as not adequately convinced of their tendency to lead down a dark path of moral deterioration. Dumbledore described to Harry that 'twisted experiments' had been the reason for his expulsion from Durmstrang before graduating, but his mischievousness and disdain for rules probably played a role as well in such an authoritarian institution as Durmstrang. 

Keenly interested in history, lore, as well as the power of magical artifacts, he became fascinated with the Deathly Hallows, to the point of appropriating their runic symbol as his own personal emblem and engraving it on the walls of Durmstrang prior to his departure. 

Friendship with DumbledoreEdit

"He didn't like that. Grindelwald didn't like that at all. He got angry. He told me what a stupid little boy I was, trying to stand in the way of him and my brilliant brother... Didn't I understand, my poor sister wouldn't have to be hidden once they'd changed the world, and led the wizards out of hiding, and taught the Muggles their place? And there was an argument... and I pulled my wand, and he pulled out his..."
Aberforth Dumbledore to Harry Potter, Hermione Granger and Ron Weasley[src]
Tumblr n37pvdocF11s2dr3ro8 r1 250

A picture of Gellert in his great-aunt Bathilda Bagshot's house

After expulsion, Gellert's quest for information about the Hallows led him to Godric's HollowEngland, where Ignotus Peverell, said to have been the first owner of Death's Cloak of Invisibility, had been laid to rest. Conveniently, his great-aunt, acclaimed Wizarding Historian Bathilda Bagshot, lived there and provided a place for him to stay, complete with a treasure trove of books and documents and a minimum of supervision. It was in Godric's Hollow in late 1898 or early 1899 that Grindelwald met and befriended Albus Dumbledore. The two teenagers shared a lot in common: they were intellectuals and class-toppingly talented young wizards who were idealistic and ambitious. (Albus, who felt trapped in a boring town out of familial obligation, gained a glamourous, attractive connection to the excitement of faraway places and things in Gellert. Gellert, an ego case, gained a powerful ally, complete with stimulating conversation, who didn't threaten his sense of control.) Albus fell in love with his handsome and bright friend. This romantic affection was unrequited, but it is clear that the pair were very close and the platonic affection was genuine on both sides. They shaped one another's ideas, powers, as well as destinies from that day forth.

They also shared two preoccupations. The Deathly Hallows held their fascination for many shared reasons, but their most fundamental reasons they didn't quite have in common. Gellert wanted (together with his friend) to acquire all three and weild the power of Master of Death, with the controlling motive common to many sociopaths- no one else can be trusted, the only way to assure things stay good is to take control for oneself, the only way to take control is to be strong. Dumbledore's heart yearned for one Hallow in particular- the Resurrection Stone, which he believed could bring back his deceased parents and other lost loved ones. They also dreamed of overturning the Statute of Secrecy and creating a new order in which wise and powerful wizards and witches were the benevolent overlords of their world, including Muggles. Again, Dumbledore's reasons were subtly different: as a young man, he had witnessed and been powerless to stop a group of Muggle boys from tormenting his younger sister, Ariana, to the point that the sweet-natured girl suffered an emotional breakdown and her repressed magic became dangerously unstable. This resulted in his father being sent to Azkaban for taking revenge on the Muggle boys and his mother being killed in one of Ariana's accidents. He wanted power to protect his loved ones (and by extension the whole world) against cruelty and xenophobia like that shown by the Muggles. They coined the phrase that would become Grindelwald's slogan and the justification for his moral indiscretions and atrocities: "For the Greater Good."[3]

Gellert Grindelwald and Albus Dumbledore

Gellert Grindelwald with his friend Albus Dumbledore

The friends' plans to leave Godric's Hollow, acquire power, as well as begin their revolution turned serious. When Dumbledore's brother Aberforth became aware of this in the summer of 1899, he was disgusted with Albus's ambition and concerned knowing that he and Ariana would need to be brought along, as she would not receive the care and attention she needed to keep her stable. The tense situation boiled over into a confrontation and Grindelwald, enraged, inflicted the Cruciatus Curse on Aberforth. Albus moved to defend his brother, igniting a vicious three-way duel in which Ariana was accidentally killed. Aberforth and Albus were devastated. Presumably Grindelwald was also remorseful, as there is no evidence he was an emotionally cold person. Unwilling to face Albus, he fled the country and received putative blame for Ariana's death, thus confirming his place on the wrong side of the law and touching off his career as a Dark revolutionary, which would last until 1945. 

Rise to Dark PowerEdit

"In a list of Most Dangerous Dark Wizards of All Time, he'd miss out on the top spot only because You-Know-Who arrived, a generation later, to steal his crown."
—a line from The Life and Lies of Albus Dumbledore about Grindelwald[src]
Young Gellert Grindelwald

Grindelwald steals the Elder Wand from Gregorovitch.

Grindelwald delved into his research on the Deathly Hallows and uncovered the location of the Elder Wand. Rumours had been circulating that the renowned wandsmith Gregorovitch had the wand and was trying to duplicate its properties. Grindelwald broke into Gregorovitch's workshop, laid in wait for the wandmaker to return, Stunned him, and stole the wand, thereby becoming its new master. He had probably gotten the idea that the old owner of the wand need not be killed in order for it to recognize a new master from Dumbledore, as the prevailing interpretation of the lore at the time was that ownership passed only by murder.[4]

The extent of Grindelwald's success in his revolutionary endeavours is unclear. He succeeded in creating a fortress, Nurmengard, to serve as his power base, apparently sufficiently impregnible that he was later imprisoned in it, inaccessible to his former supporters and breached only by Voldemort. But there is no evidence he succeeded in toppling any Wizarding governments or made much of a dent in the Statute of Secrecy, as it remained stubbornly intact (though Muggle World War II was certainly a sufficiently chaotic and violent time to hide some serious breaches). In what few accounts of Grindelwald's revolution exist, his great power as a wizard is mentioned often, but there is less mention of his crimes. One murder is noted, that of  Viktor Krum's grandfather, and presumably there were others, but this lack of details protects Grindelwald's moral ambiguity: he might have been a dark anti-hero whose idealism ("For the Greater Good") was corrupted by battle or a rampaging spree murderer, and was probably neither/somewhere in between. 

Fall from power and life imprisonmentEdit

"...while I busied myself with the training of young wizards, Grindelwald was raising an army. They say he feared me, and perhaps he did, but less, I think, than I feared him... It was the truth I feared. You see, I never knew which of us, in that last, horrific fight, had actually cast the curse that killed my sister... I think he knew it, I think he knew what frightened me. I delayed meeting him until finally, it would have been too shameful to resist any longer. People were dying and he seemed unstoppable, and I had to do what I could."
Albus Dumbledore[src]
Grindelwald Nurmengard

Grindelwald in Nurmengard.

Albus Dumbledore hesitated to confront Grindelwald, despite the belief held by many, including quite possibly both men themselves, that Dumbledore was the only wizard skillful enough to stop Grindelwald. His reasons for hesitating may have included residual affection for his ex-flame, residual sympathy for his revolutionary goals, or shame over his role in shaping Grindelwald's revolution, but the reason Dumbledore himself gave Harry was that he was afraid Grindelwald knew better than he did who exactly was responsible for killing Ariana and he didn't want to find out. But Dumbledore, at this point about 63 years old and Head of Transfiguration at Hogwarts, was finally importuned by people who suffered from his former friend's actions to move against him. Eye-witnesses stated that it was the greatest duel ever fought between wizards. Dumbledore bested Grindelwald, becoming the master of the Elder Wand and sending his defeated foe back to his homeland, where he was tried. He was convicted and imprisoned in the topmost cell of Nurmengard, where he spent the rest of his life until his murder by Voldemort.[5]

DeathEdit

"Kill me, then. Voldemort, I welcome death! But my death will not bring you what you seek… There is so much you do not understand…"
—Grindelwald to Voldemort shortly before his death[src]
Grindelwald and Voldemort

Voldemort interrogates Grindelwald over the Elder Wand's location.

Fifty-three years after his defeat, Grindelwald was slain in his prison cell by Voldemort, who was searching for the Elder Wand for himself. It was only during the confrontation in Grindelwald's cell that Voldemort learned Albus Dumbledore had claimed the wand long ago. Grindelwald showed no fear during this confrontation, taunting Voldemort by name and laughing at his desire for the wand. Voldemort ended Grindelwald's life with the Killing Curse in the spring of 1998.[6]

Physical appearanceEdit

As a young man, Grindelwald had golden blond hair and a "merry, wild" face. Harry Potter thought he had "a Fred and George-ish air of triumphant trickery about him".[7]

Near the end of his life, when Voldemort found him at the top of Nurmengard, Grindelwald had been emaciated, his body becoming a frail skeletal figure, his skull-like face with great sunken eyes and wrinkled cheeks, as well as most of his teeth were gone. 

Personality and traitsEdit

Harry Potter: "Grindelwald tried to stop Voldemort going after the wand. He lied, you know, pretended he had never had it."
Albus Dumbledore: "They say he showed remorse in later years, alone in his cell at Nurmengard. I hope that is true. I would like to think that he did feel the horror and shame of what he had done. Perhaps that lie to Voldemort was his attempt to make amends . . . to prevent Voldemort from taking the Hallow . . ."
Harry Potter: ". . .or maybe from breaking into your tomb?"
Harry Potter and Albus Dumbledore discussing Grindelwald after his death[src]

Grindelwald was charming and brilliant as a young wizard. His attraction to the Dark Arts, noted previously, was predictable given his personality and background, as well as not necessary malevolent in its initial stages.[8] He was highly intelligent, magically talented, idealistic, as well as ambitious to the point of ruthlessness, with a vicious temper: for example, when Aberforth Dumbledore challenged his and Albus's plans and tried to convince his brother to abandon them, Grindelwald "lost control" and used the Cruciatus Curse on Aberforth.[5] Some considered Grindelwald the most powerful Dark Wizard in history, aside from Lord Voldemort. Of course, history is very long indeed, and the most recent parts are often best remembered.[8]

Grindelwald was highly self-centered, but able to recognize talent in others and form close human connections. In comparison to the "stupid" evil exhibited by some beings such as trolls, the "officious" evil exhibited by the likes of Dolores Umbridge, as well as the "chaotic", "narcissistic" evil characteristic of Voldemort, Grindelwald is probably best understood in terms of sociopathy. Like many sociopaths before and since, his idealism was genuine and he was capable of real human connection and feelings, but he was filled with intrinsic manipulative traits and the willingness to use them for his own purposes, as well as a malleable moral compass and a tendency to become dangerous when indulged with power. [9]

GellertDH

Grindelwald as an old man.

There is evidence that Grindelwald regained some perspective after his downfall. He held Voldemort in complete contempt, considering him a powerful idiot who understood nothing of importance. He also apparently lost his will to live in his long confinement. When, trapped and unarmed, Grindelwald faced certain death at the hands of the only Dark Wizard to ever be considered more dangerous than himself, he was openly defiant and even mocking, goading Voldemort into killing him. Indeed, he seemed to exhibit a grotesque remnant of the "merry, wild" temperament of his youth, as though glad he finally had someone interesting to talk to before his long-awaited death. His last-words dressing-down of Voldemort and rather enthusiastic outlook on "the next great adventure" seems clear in its connection to his old friend, Albus Dumbledore

Some consider Grindelwald to have been an unambiguously evil Dark Wizard, more or less a Voldemort-before-Voldemort. But there are three pieces of evidence to the contrary. First, Dumbledore's famed judgment of character may not have been fully formed as a young man (perhaps his ability to sniff out people who would go bad in a big way if only given the tools was partly formed by his experience with Gellert), but most personality traits are stable throughout the lifetime and presumably Albus would not have found Gellert a worthy companion if there were nothing to him but a selfish quest for power. Second, his decision to stun Gregorovitch, not kill, when he acquired the Elder Wand hints at an idealistic if Machiavellian moral code.[8] Third. part of his motivation for refusing to give Voldemort any information about the Elder Wand may have been a desire to prevent Dumbledore's tomb from being desecrated, or even out of remorse for his own crimes. Alternatively, he may have merely wanted to taunt Voldemort.[5]

Magical abilities and skillsEdit

"In a list of "Most Dangerous Dark Wizards of All Time", he'd miss out on the top spot only because You-Know-Who arrived, a generation later, to steal his crown."
—A line from The Life and Lies of Albus Dumbledore about Grindelwald.[src]

Grindelwald was brilliantly talented while a student and later as an adult. His skills in magic are comparable with Albus Dumbledore and Voldemort. As a former master of the Elder Wand, Grindelwald's magic was further enforced by the artefact's legendary powers.

  • Dark Arts: Grindelwald had a talent and passion for the Dark Arts from a young age. In his school days he experimented with Dark Arts on his friends at Durmstrang. His experiments in Dark Arts were almost lethal, even in his youth. As an adult, he nearly perfected almost every aspect of Dark magic which led him on top of the list of The Most Dangerous Dark Wizards of All Time, long before Lord Voldemort appeared. Grindelwald was adept at casting the Cruciatus Curse, as well as utilised it on at least on one occasion against Aberforth Dumbledore.
  • Duelling: Grindelwald was a highly skilled duellist, able to fight with Albus Dumbledore when he was at the height of his power: their duel has entered history as the greatest duel ever fought between two wizards. He was also able to quickly stun Gregorovitch in order to master the Elder Wand. He defeated and killed many powerful witches and wizards in duels during his reign of terror in Europe. However, Grindelwald was unable to defeat Albus despite the fact that he was wielding the Elder Wand at the time. Albus described himself as "a shade more skilful" than Grindelwald.
  • Knowledge of Wandlore: Grindelwald was aware that to take control of the Elder Wand he needed to not just steal the wand, but defeat the previous owner.
  • Invisibility: Albus Dumbledore said that Grindelwald could make himself invisible without the use of an invisibility cloak: to achieve such a state, Grindelwald would have used an extremely powerful Disillusionment Charm.
  • Occlumency: Grindelwald was an extremely accomlished Occlumens, as even Voldemort, who has gained the reputation to be the most accomplished Legilimens alive, was unable to penetrate his mind to gain information for the search of the Elder Wand.
  • Necromancy (possibly): Grindelwald hoped to use the Resurection Stone to create an army of Inferi. Though he never aquired the stone it's possible that he still managed to summon them through other methods.

RelationshipsEdit

Albus DumbledoreEdit

"Did I know, in my heart of hearts, what Gellert Grindelwald was? I think I did, but I closed my eyes."
—Albus Dumbledore to Harry Potter, about his friendship with Gellert Grindelwald[src]
Albus Dumbledore (HBP promo) 1

Albus Dumbledore

Albus Dumbledore first met Grindelwald when he was seventeen. They were introduced by Grindelwald's great aunt, Bathilda Bagshot. They got along almost instantly, according to Bagshot. They had much in common, including the quest for the Deathly Hallows and edgy ideals about the structure of a wizard-led society. Dumbledore's romantic feelings towards Grindelwald went unrequited and indeed probably unrevealed, given the culture of the early 20th century, but their friendship was very close. But Grindelwald was sociopathic, and may have sensed that the depth of his friend's affection for him could be used to monopolize his attention and push his moral envelope.[9] They were very close for two months, making plans to find the Deathly Hallows and lead a wizarding revolution but Albus neglected his younger siblings, Aberforth and Ariana, as a result. When Aberforth confronted the pair over this, Grindelwald lost his temper and attacked Aberforth. Albus rushed forward to defend his brother, as well as during the duel Ariana was killed. Grindelwald fled, his friendship with Albus over.

Over the next few decades, Grindelwald caused considerable havoc on behalf of his revolution and Dumbledore refused to face him out of fear that Grindelwald knew who had really killed Ariana. Eventually, however, Dumbledore could no longer stand idle with his former friend an increasing source of terror on the continent. In 1945, Grindelwald combated Dumbledore for a second time in a legendary duel, said by eyewitnesses to be the greatest duel ever fought between wizards. Dumbledore won in the end, as well as took possession of the Elder Wand and imprisoned Grindelwald in his own prison Nurmengard.

Many years later, in 1998, Grindelwald refused to give any information to Lord Voldemort about the Elder Wand despite the fact that he was imprisoned, wandless and face-to-face with the only Dark Wizard ever considered more powerful than himself. This seems to indicate that Grindelwald no longer held with the views of those who practised the Dark Arts. It was speculated by Harry Potter that Grindelwald had given his life to prevent Voldemort from desecrating Dumbledore's tomb, perhaps indicating that Grindelwald retained some respect and affection for his old friend.

EtymologyEdit

  • Gellert is the Hungarian version of Gerard, which comes from the Germanic ger, "spear", as well as hard, "brave, hardy". Saint Gellert was an Italian-born missionary and martyr who worked in Hungary.[10]
  • Gellért Hill is a high hill overlooking the Danube in Budapest, Hungary. Gellért Hill was named after Saint Gerard who was thrown to death from the hill. The famous Hotel Gellért and the Gellért Baths can be found in Gellért Square at the foot of the hill. The Gellért Hill Cave is located within the hill, facing toward Hotel Gellért and the Danube River.
  • Grindel is old German for "bolt," and is also similar to the mythic monster Grendel who was defeated by Beowulf. Wald is German for "forest". Grindelwald is also the name of a ski resort in Switzerland.
  • It is of interesting but purely speculative note that the name Gellert is very close to the name Gelert, the name of a legendary dog of cultural, but little historical, significance to Northern Wales. According to local mythology, Gelert was the most faithful companion of Prince Llewelyn, mistaken for the assailant of the prince's infant heir. His "grave" is a site in Beddgelert (literally Gelert's Grave), Gwynedd, as well as the legend is popular in the area.
  • In German, wald is "forest." Grind is a scab, as in the hardened covering over a scar, could also be grinsen, a grin or big smile. The words grindel or grendel appeared in early versions of several Germanic languages, including English. Grindan in Old English meant "to grind," and further "destroyer," someone who grinds up others. In Middle English, grindel meant "angry." In Old Norse, grindill was taken from "storm," and also meant "to bellow," or produce a loud, frightening yell. In Danish legend, the Grendel was a fearsome, murderous monster of humanoid form. He was later defeated by the Scandinavian hero Beowulf in the medieval story of the same name.

Behind the scenesEdit

  • In a 2005 interview around the same time Harry Potter and the Half-Blood Prince was published, Rowling stated that it was not a coincidence that he was defeated in 1945, hinting at a connection with Adolf Hitler and at least the European front of World War II[11]. Grindelwald seems to be the wizarding version of Adolf Hitler. As referenced by Rowling, the date of Grindelwald's duel with Dumbledore coincides with the downfall of Nazi Germany. There are other similarities as well. Grindelwald adopted an ancient symbol as his sigil (the symbol of the Deathly Hallows) just as the Nazis adopted the manji, switching its facing to create the swastika, itself an ancient symbol. Furthermore, the prison Nurmengard shares a similar name to the Franconian city of Nuremberg, where war criminal trials of former Nazis were held. Nurmengard's dual role as prison to both the victims and later the perpetrator may be a reference to Nuremberg's dual significance in World War II, which, aside from being the site of the Nuremberg Trials, was also the site of the proposal and adoption of the Nuremberg Laws, infamous discriminatory laws against Jewish people. Nurmengard also bears a sign that reads "For the Greater Good", which may correspond to the infamous "Arbeit Macht Frei" sign (German for "Work Makes [One] Free") which hung above the entrance to Auschwitz. Grindelwald's eventual sole imprisonment in his own prison is possibly a reference to the fate of Rudolf Hess, who from 1966 until his death in 1987 was the sole prisoner of Spandau prison. But the reader should beware imagining too close of a connection, as JK Rowling probably used Muggle history as a jumping off point for her imagined Wizarding history but didn't intend to create a deep, multi-layered metaphor but instead go in her own direction.
    • Voldemort himself is more similar to Hitler in terms of the extremes he was willing to go to. 
  • It was revealed by J. K. Rowling during a tour in 2007 that Albus Dumbledore was homosexual, as well as harboured romantic feelings for Grindelwald[12]. Although she did not initially comment on Grindelwald's sexuality, Rowling later clarified that although Grindelwald was aware of Dumbledore's feelings, he merely used them to manipulate the other boy and did not reciprocate romantically.[9]
    • However, Gellert may have had a genuine platonic love for Albus.
  • Despite being expelled from school, Grindelwald never had his wand confiscated and destroyed, as he had it with him when planning for the revolution and attacking Gregorovitch for the Elder Wand, although he might have simply found another wand as replacement.
  • In a 2005 interview around the same time Harry Potter and the Half-Blood Prince was published, Rowling stated that Grindelwald was dead[13]. However, it was revealed in Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows that he was still alive and imprisoned in Nurmengard. Rowling could have been speaking in the context of the chronology at the time of the interview, as Deathly Hallows takes place in 1998.
  • British actor Jamie Campbell Bower portrays the young Gellert Grindelwald in the film adaptations of Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows[14], whereas Michael Byrne portrays the character as an old man.[15]Bower has stated that he believes his character to be gay, as well as has referred to Toby Regbo, who portrays the teenage Dumbledore, as his "on-screen lover."
  • In the film adaptation of Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows, Grindelwald's historical significance is not explained in the slightest, as well as it is not made crystal clear that he is murdered, though it is implied. 
  • It is unknown as to why Grindelwald is considered less of a Dark Lord than Voldemort as Voldemort himself is only known to terrorize Britain while Grindelwald terrorized all of Europe (in reality, the extent of Grindelwald's success and crimes is not made clear in the books, probably it was not greater than Voldemort's). One possibility is that his lower position is strictly in Britain's viewpoint, or simply because Voldemort's campaign of darkness is more recent and so is more heavily etched in the public memory. It could also be due to their differing goals: Grindelwald merely wanted to dominate and rule Muggles, whereas Voldemort wished to kill them outright, along with anyone he considered not of pure blood.

AppearancesEdit

See alsoEdit

Wiki
The Harry Potter Wiki has 20 images related to Gellert Grindelwald.

Notes and referencesEdit

  1. Based on the fact that Durmstrang does not admit Muggle-born students, as well as that he has a witch for a great aunt.
  2. It is most likely that he owned another wand before the Elder Wand.
  3. Deathly Hallows, letter from Albus to Gellert, Ch. 18.
  4. Deathly Hallows, Ch. 24
  5. Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named DH35
  6. Deathly Hallows, Ch. 23
  7. Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows ch.14
  8. Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named DH18
  9. Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named Daily_News
  10. Behind the Name: Gellert
  11. "The Leaky Cauldron and Mugglenet interview Joanne Kathleen Rowling: Part Three," The Leaky Cauldron, 16 July 2005
  12. Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named JKR
  13. "The Leaky Cauldron and Mugglenet interview Joanne Kathleen Rowling: Part Three," The Leaky Cauldron, 16 July 2005
  14. Jamie's a bachelor of (dark) arts
  15. http://www.imdb.com/title/tt0926084/fullcredits#cast
  16. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=NRScRfkKuXY


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