- "An old man was standing before them, his wide, pale eyes shining like moons through the gloom of the shop."
- —Harry Potter meets Ollivander[src]
Garrick Ollivander (b. 25 September, in or prior to 1919) was the proprietor of Ollivanders Wand Shop in Diagon Alley during most of the 20th century. Ollivander was widely considered the best wandmaker in the world, and many wizards and witches buy their wands from him.
In 1996, Ollivander was captured and tortured by Lord Voldemort. He was rescued in 1998 by Harry Potter, Ron Weasley, Hermione Granger, and Dobby. He imparted important information regarding wandlore to Harry, that helped him in his understanding of the Deathly Hallows.
The family of Ollivander has long been associated with the mysterious profession of wandcraft. It is said that the name means 'he who owns the olive wand', which suggests that the original Ollivander arrived in Britain from a Mediterranean country (olive trees not being native to the UK). Mr Ollivander himself believes that his earliest forebears in this country arrived with the Romans, and set up stall (subsequently shop) to sell to ancient British wizards whose wands were crude of construction and unreliable in performance.
Career as a wandmaker
- "Renowned wandmaker Mr Ollivander owns the wand shop Ollivanders: Makers of Fine Wands Since 382 BC in Diagon Alley. His shop is widely considered the best place to purchase a wand."
- —Ollivander's Introduction[src]
Ollivander grew up in the family business, and showed precocious talent in wandmaking. Soon, he developed an ambition to improve upon the cores and wand woods he made and developed a determination to pursue the ideal wand.
Before Garrick Ollivander's proprietorship of Ollivanders Wand Shop, wizards used a wide variety of wand cores; the customer would often present their wandmaker with a magical substance to which they were attached, and he would turn it into their wand core. Mr Ollivander, however, maintained that doing so altered the wand's temperament, and revolutionised the way wands were crafted by having cores of immensely powerful magical substances expertly enclosed in specially selected and complementary wandwoods, the result to be matched to an owner with whom the wand itself felt the most affinity.
While there was initially substantial resistance to this new way wands were made, it soon became clear that wands made by Ollivander were far superior to any others. His methods of locating wand woods and core substances, marrying them together, and matching them to ideal owners were all jealously guarded secrets that were coveted by rival wandmakers.
Harry Potter's wand
Ollivander supplied Harry Potter with a wand, and as he did so, he told Harry a few facts about wands. He explained that a wand has a core, in Harry's case a phoenix feather. He told Harry that the body of the wand is made from a choice of different woods with different magical properties. Ollivander said he made a similar wand using another feather from the same phoenix, but using a different wood. Harry's wand is holly, which symbolises protection, rather than Voldemort's yew, which is symbolic of death. He also explained that the wand chooses the wizard, rather than the other way around. Immediately after Harry left the shop, Ollivander sent a letter to Albus Dumbledore informing him of the wand's sale.
1994-1995 Triwizard Tournament
As a very recognised wandmaker, Ollivander was asked to inspect the wands of the champions in the 1994-1995 Triwizard Tournament before the competition started, to make sure they were all working properly.
Second Wizarding War
Attempted robbery of his shop
Kidnapped by Death Eaters
- Arthur Weasley: "Shop's empty. No sign of a struggle. No one knows whether he left voluntarily or was kidnapped."
- Ginny Weasley: "But what'll people do for wands?"
- Remus Lupin: "They'll make do with other makers. But Ollivander was the best, and if the other side have got him it's not so good for us."
- — News of the kidnappings of Ollivander and Florean Fortescue[src]
In 1996 Ollivander was kidnapped by Voldemort's Death Eaters, leaving behind an empty, locked up shop and no signs of a struggle. It is believed that the last wand he sold was to Neville Longbottom. It was later revealed that Ollivander was captured by Lord Voldemort and his Death Eaters and was held prisoner at Malfoy Manor, where he was forced to make a new wand for Peter Pettigrew. He was tortured by Lord Voldemort for information regarding the twin cores of Harry Potter's wand and his own. Ollivander told him that he merely needed to use a wand other than his own to face Harry Potter.
After using Lucius Malfoy's wand and seeing its destruction when faced with Harry Potter and his Phoenix wand, Voldemort rounded on Ollivander for an explanation of why Harry's wand acted as it had. Although he had no answer to give since no wandmaker had ever witnessed such an event, Ollivander was tortured again by Lord Voldemort and questioned about the most powerful wand in existence, the Elder Wand.
Skirmish at Malfoy Manor and escape
Harry Potter, his friends, and Dean Thomas and Griphook, were later captured and taken to Malfoy Manor, where they were reunited with Mr Ollivander and Luna Lovegood. Ollivander and the others were subsequently rescued by Dobby the house-elf in the Skirmish at Malfoy Manor. Mr Ollivander seemed to bond with Luna during their captivity together, and thanked her for being "an inexpressible comfort [to him] in that terrible place".
Stay at Shell Cottage
- "The wandmaker was lying on the twin bed farthest from the window. He had been held in the cellar for more than a year, and tortured, Harry knew, on at least one occasion. He was emaciated, the bones of his face sticking out sharply against the yellowish skin. His great silver eye seemed vast in their sunken sockets. The hands that lay upon the blanket could have belonged to a skeleton"
- —Description of Ollivander's mistreatment in Malfoy Manor[src]
Ollivander was taken to Shell Cottage, where he recovered from months of imprisonment and torture, and then departed to Muriel's house, where he remained in hiding for the rest of the war. He later created and sent a new wand to Luna Lovegood. While a Shell Cottage he was interrogated by Harry Potter who wanted to know information about the Elder Wand that Voldemort was so obsessively searching for and to have a better understanding of the unique connection that existed between his wand and Voldemort's.
Study of the Elder Wand
- Harry Potter: "You told You-Know-Who knew that Gregorovitch had the wand?"
- Ollivander: "It was a rumour. A rumour, years and years ago, long before you were born. I believe Gregorovitch himself started it. You can see how good it would be for business; that he was studying and duplicating the qualities of the Elder Wand!"
- — Harry and Ollivander discuss the Elder Wand and the Deathly Hallows[src]
As with other wandmakers, Ollivander makes it his business to study the mystifying Elder Wand in depth, such as its history and distinctive characteristics. Unlike Hermione Granger, he believed that the Elder Wand was not a myth or tale, and showed great enthusiasm with the powerful object despite the fact that it was dangerous and has had a bloody history. When held captive by Lord Voldemort, he was forced to relate all information he had known about the powerful wand. He also revealed that the last person rumoured to own the wand was Gregorovitch, a foreign wandmaker, though he did not believe the rumour and thought that Gregorovitch spread it to boost his business
Personality and traits
- "Curious indeed how these things happen. The wand chooses the wizard, remember... I think we must expect great things from you, Mr Potter... After all, He-Who-Must-Not-Be-Named did great things — terrible, yes, but great."
- —Ollivander expressing his interest in what powerful wizards can do with wands[src]
Ollivander was an intelligent man, with an excellent memory when it came to his work; he remembered the details of every wand he ever sold. He seemed to become happier the more difficult the challenge to find exactly the right wand for a difficult customer was. He used a magical tape measure to help assess customers for their wand.
Ollivander had a professorial enthusiasm for wandlore and was immensely learned in it. A less savoury aspect of his personality was that his fascination with wandlore sometimes eclipsed his sense of right and wrong; he was so fascinated with what a powerful wizard can do when matched with the right wand that he became detached from the good or evil nature of their actions. A prime example of this would be Tom Riddle, also known as Lord Voldemort. Even after the First Wizarding War, Ollivander remembered him as having done "great things" with his wand — "Terrible, yes, but great". An even more extreme example was during the Second Wizarding War, when Ollivander, having just been rescued from a year of imprisonment and torture at Voldemort's hands, was briefly enthralled by the thought of what Voldemort might do when matched with the Elder Wand.
However, Ollivander still valued his own life and well-being, and divulged information to Voldemort whenever threatened with death and tortured by the Cruciatus Curse. The wandmaker feared the Dark Lord's wrath and begged for mercy when informed that his (Ollivander's) advice about using another wand was incorrect.
Magical abilities and skills
- Wandmaker: Garrick Ollivander, just as other Ollivander family members, was considered as the best British wandmaker.
- Non-verbal magic: Ollivander may have had the ability to perform non-verbal spells, as no incantation was mentioned when he conjured smoke rings in 1994.
- Apparition: He could Apparate, but failed in 1998 at Malfoy Manor due to enchantments placed on the cellar.
- Transfiguration: He is skilled with conjuration, a difficult branch of transfiguration, conjuring flowers, birds, smoke rings, and wine in 1994.
- Duelling: It is quite reasonable to say that Ollivander was a skilled duellist in his time due to his ability in wandlore and ability to identify spells easily. His knowledge of Wandlore would also have assisted him as he is familiar with the weaknesses and strengths of different wands.
- Wand versatility: In 1994, Ollivander used Cedric's, Fleur's, Viktor's and Harry's wands, each with successful effect.
- "I think it is clear that we can expect great things from you, Mr Potter."
- —Ollivander to Harry during their first meeting[src]
Like most of the wizarding world, Ollivander heard of Harry and his defeat of Lord Voldemort in 1981. He first met Harry in 1991 and sold him his wand. The phoenix feather in Harry's and Riddle's wands came from the same phoenix, Fawkes, something that Ollivander considered "curious".
Ollivander's relationship with Harry Potter grew after the Skirmish at Malfoy Manor when Harry rescued him from imprisonment and during their subsequent stay at the Shell Cottage. Harry would go on to obtain vital information about the Elder Wand from Ollivander, which would later prove instrumental for bringing about the final defeat of Lord Voldemort.
Ollivander also developed a close relationship with Luna Lovegood, for she was a comfort to him during their imprisonment in Malfoy Manor. Ollivander later repaid her kindness by creating a new wand for her.
Ollivander was afraid of Lord Voldemort, and referred to him as "You-Know-Who" like almost all other wizards. He was kidnapped by Death Eaters and tortured by Voldemort for information about Voldemort's wand's relationship with Harry's wand.
Known wand sales
|Mary Cattermole||Cherry||8¾"||Unicorn hair||Dolores Umbridge accused Mary of stealing this wand, though she claimed she bought it at Ollivanders Wand Shop in Diagon Alley when she was eleven years old.|
|Cedric Diggory||Ash||12¼"||Unicorn hair||This wand was "pleasantly springy"; hair from particularly fine male unicorn (seventeen hands high), which nearly gored Mr Ollivander with its horn after he plucked its tail hair.|
|Lily Evans||Willow||10¼"||Unknown||This wand was "swishy" and "nice for Charm work".|
|Hermione Granger||Vine||10¾"||Dragon heartstring||This wand was confiscated when the trio was captured by Snatchers in 1998.|
|Rubeus Hagrid||Oak||16"||Unknown||This wand is "rather bendy"; snapped in half when Hagrid was expelled from Hogwarts during his third year - the pieces are almost certainly hidden in Hagrid's pink umbrella.|
|Bellatrix Lestrange||Walnut||12¾"||Dragon heartstring||This wand is described as "unyielding"; passed into the possession of Hermione Granger after the Battle of Malfoy Manor in 1998.|
|Neville Longbottom||Cherry||13"||Unicorn hair||May have been one of the last wands Mr Ollivander sold before he disappeared in 1996.|
|Draco Malfoy||Hawthorn||10"||Unicorn hair||"Reasonably springy"; this wand passed into the possession of Harry Potter after the Battle of Malfoy Manor in 1998 until Harry came into possession of the Elder Wand and mended his first wand.|
|Harry Potter||Holly||11"||Phoenix feather||Nice and supple; Costs 7 Galleons; The only known wand to cause Priori Incantatem (caused with Voldemort's Phoenix-Feather-wand); Can hurt but can not kill its Brother; broken in December 1997 while fleeing from Godric's Hollow; repaired with the Elder Wand in May 1998.|
|James Potter||Mahogany||11"||Unknown||This wand was "pliable" and "excellent for transfiguration".|
|Peter Pettigrew x2||Chestnut||9¼"||Dragon heartstring||This wand was "brittle"; owned by Pettigrew only since Ollivander had been kidnapped of 1996; passed into the possession of Ron Weasley after the skirmish in Malfoy Manor in 1998.|
|Tom Marvolo Riddle/Voldemort||Yew||13½"||Phoenix feather||This wand is "brother" to Harry Potter's wand - the core tail feathers are both from Fawkes.|
|Charlie Weasley/Ron Weasley||Ash||12"||Unicorn hair||Ron's brother Charlie's old wand; severely damaged in September 1992 after a run-in with the Whomping Willow, destroyed in the process of backfiring on Lockhart as he attempted to wipe Ron and Harry's memories (showing the great loyalty of Unicorn wands)|
|Willow||14"||Unicorn hair||Purchased with his father's winnings from a Daily Prophet draw.|
Behind the scenes
- Garrick Ollivander is played by John Hurt in the film adaptation of Harry Potter and the Philosopher's Stone, the first part of the film adaptation of Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows and the second part of the film adaptation of Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows. He was originally set to appear in the the film adaptation of Harry Potter and the Goblet of Fire but the character was ultimately cut from that film.
- Ollivander is one of the only people before Harry Potter and the Philosopher's Stone who knew Voldemort's real name. He said in the first book he knows that Voldemort's wand caused Harry's scar. While this is not stated in any explicit way, the very fact that Voldemort has only ever had one wand (except for his use of the wand of Lucius Malfoy and the Elder Wand very late in life) would ensure that Ollivander would have sold him a wand at age 11, when he still used his former name. It is possible that he somehow deduced the secret sometime before July 1991, be it through mere deduction or that Dumbledore himself told him, since Dumbledore did say that Ollivander contacted him to tell him that Harry had bought the only other wand in existence crafted with one of Fawkes's feathers.
- Ollivander's first name, Garrick, was revealed via his shop in Pottermore.
- In Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows, Ollivander has no knowledge of the term "Deathly Hallows", being only aware of the Elder Wand, but not of its status as one of these fabled objects. However In the film, he is fully aware of the legend and even provides some information about it not provided by Xenophilius Lovegood. He denies the tale having any truth, however, until Harry forces him to admit that he told Voldemort about the Elder Wand.
- On Pottermore, there is a Feature called "5 things we learned from Mr Ollivander".
Garrick comes from a Germanic name meaning "spear power". Here it may be connected to David Garrick, the 18th century actor who gave his name to the Garrick Theatre in London (and the Garrick Club).
It is also possible that Rowling chose it due to the element "ger-", originally meaning spear, but she might have chosen it as an allusion to wands. This grows more likely, considering the names of multiple of Mr Olivander's forefathers are mentioned on Pottermore, and most have named beginning with the element "ger-".
- Harry Potter and the Philosopher's Stone (First appearance)
- Harry Potter and the Philosopher's Stone (film)
- Harry Potter and the Philosopher's Stone (video game) (PS1, PS2, and GBC versions only)
- Harry Potter and the Goblet of Fire
- Harry Potter and the Half-Blood Prince (Mentioned only)
- Harry Potter and the Half-Blood Prince (film)
- Harry Potter and the Half-Blood Prince (video game) (Mentioned only)
- Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows
- Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows: Part 1
- Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows: Part 1 (video game)
- Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows: Part 2
- Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows: Part 2 (video game) (Voice only)
- LEGO Harry Potter: Building the Magical World
- LEGO Harry Potter
- LEGO Harry Potter: Years 1-4
- LEGO Harry Potter: Years 5-7
- Harry Potter for Kinect
- LEGO Harry Potter
- Pottermore (First identified as Garrick Ollivander)
- Harry Potter Trading Card Game
- Harry Potter: The Character Vault (mentioned only)
Notes and references
- ↑ 1.00 1.01 1.02 1.03 1.04 1.05 1.06 1.07 1.08 1.09 1.10 1.11 1.12 Pottermore
- ↑ 2.0 2.1 2.2 Ollivander was born on 25th September, this means that, to be of age in 1938 to sell Tom Riddle a wand in July 1938, he needed to have finished Hogwarts and be of age. This means that he had to be born in or before 1919 as, if he was born in 1920, he would have missed the cut-off date for Hogwarts in 1931 due to being too young (this is the same reason Hermione started in 1991, not 1990) and would have started Hogwarts in September 1932 and finished in 1939, which cannot be possible as he sold Tom Riddle a wand in 1938. Thus, his date of birth cannot be 1920 and has to be in or sometime before the previous year, 1919.
- ↑ 
- ↑ Pottermore wand wood information (transcription available here)
- ↑ Harry Potter and the Goblet of Fire, Chapter 18 (The Weighing of the Wands)
- ↑ Snitchseeker.com: Hurt to return as Ollivander in Goblet of Fire
- ↑ He is seen being kidnapped by Fenrir Greyback and his Death Eaters in Diagon Alley. His face is obscured by a sack.