Ebony (genus Diospyros) is a dense black wood, most commonly yielded by several species in the genus Diospyros, which includes the persimmon tree. In a more general sense, "ebony" may also refer to other heavy, black (or dark coloured) woods from unrelated species.
This jet-black wand wood has an impressive appearance and reputation, being highly suited to all manner of combative magic and to transfiguration. Ebony is happiest in the hand of those with the courage to be themselves. Frequently non-conformist, highly individual or comfortable with the status of outsider, ebony wand owners have been found both among the ranks of the Order of the Phoenix and among the Death Eaters.
In the experience of Garrick Ollivander, the ebony wand’s perfect match is one who will hold fast to his or her beliefs, no matter what the external pressure, and will not be swayed lightly from their purpose.
The word "ebony" derives from the Ancient Egyptian "and Midd", via the Ancient Greek by way of Latin and Middle English.