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{{School_infobox
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{{School infobox
 
|name=Durmstrang Institute
 
|name=Durmstrang Institute
 
|image=[[File:DurmstrangCrest.png|250px]]
 
|image=[[File:DurmstrangCrest.png|250px]]
 
|bgcolor1=A52A2A
 
|bgcolor1=A52A2A
 
|bgcolor2=DDAA00
 
|bgcolor2=DDAA00
|location=<!--DO NOT CHANGE this information. It has been placed here in accordance with Rowling's statements in an interview.-->[[Sweden]] or [[Norway]]<ref name="maggie">[http://www.accio-quote.org/articles/2000/1209-hpfgu-scruton.html Report on Maggie's Cancer Caring Centre reading]</ref><ref name="gofhermione">''[[Harry Potter and the Goblet of Fire]]'': Hermione: "It must be far north because they have fur capes on the uniform list."</ref><ref name="Norway"> The geographic characteristics described by Krum in ''Harry Potter and the Goblet of Fire'' strongly imply northern Norway. See the "Behind the Scenes" section</ref>
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|location=<!--DO NOT CHANGE this information. It has been placed here in accordance with Rowling's statements in an interview.-->[[Scandinavia]] ([[Sweden]] or [[Norway]])<ref name="maggie">[http://www.accio-quote.org/articles/2000/1209-hpfgu-scruton.html Report on Maggie's Cancer Caring Centre reading]</ref><ref name="gofhermione">''[[Harry Potter and the Goblet of Fire]]'': Hermione: "It must be far north because they have fur capes on the uniform list."</ref><ref name="Norway">The geographic characteristics described by Krum in ''Harry Potter and the Goblet of Fire'' strongly imply northern Norway. See the "Behind the Scenes" section</ref>
|headmaster=*[[Headteacher of Durmstrang Institute during 1792|Headteacher]] (formerly)
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|headmaster=*[[Nerida Vulchanova]] (founder; formerly)
  +
*[[Harfang Munter]] (formerly)
  +
*[[Headteacher of Durmstrang Institute during 1792|Unknown headteacher]] (formerly)
 
*[[Igor Karkaroff]] (formerly)
 
*[[Igor Karkaroff]] (formerly)
 
|residents=
 
|residents=
 
|houses=
 
|houses=
}}
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|affiliation = * [[International Confederation of Wizards]]
{{Quote|. . . [[Lucius Malfoy|Father]] actually considered sending me to Durmstrang rather than [[Hogwarts School of Witchcraft and Wizardry|Hogwarts]], you know. He knows [[Igor Karkaroff|the headmaster]], you see. Well, you know his opinion of [[Albus Dumbledore|Dumbledore]] - the man's such a [[Muggle-born|Mudblood]]-lover - and Durmstrang doesn't admit that sort of riffraff. But [[Narcissa Malfoy|Mother]] didn't like the idea of me going to school so far away. Father says Durmstrang takes a far more sensible line than Hogwarts about the [[Dark Arts]]. Durmstrang students actually [[Dark Arts (class)|learn them]], not just the [[Defence Against the Dark Arts|defence rubbish]] we do. . . .|Draco Malfoy|Harry Potter and the Goblet of Fire}}
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** [[Educational Office]]}}
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{{Quote| ''[…]'' [[Lucius Malfoy|Father]] actually considered sending me to Durmstrang rather than [[Hogwarts School of Witchcraft and Wizardry|Hogwarts]], you know. He knows [[Igor Karkaroff|the headmaster]], you see. Well, you know his opinion of [[Albus Dumbledore|Dumbledore]] — the man's such a [[Muggle-born|Mudblood]]-lover — and Durmstrang doesn't admit that sort of riffraff. But [[Narcissa Malfoy|Mother]] didn't like the idea of me going to school so far away. Father says Durmstrang takes a far more sensible line than Hogwarts about the [[Dark Arts]]. Durmstrang students actually [[Dark Arts (class)|learn them]], not just the [[Defence Against the Dark Arts|defence rubbish]] we do ''[...]'' |[[Draco Malfoy]]|Harry Potter and the Goblet of Fire}}
   
The '''Durmstrang Institute''' is a [[Wizards|wizarding]] school. It is located in the northernmost regions of [[Norway]] or [[Sweden]]<!--DO NOT CHANGE this information. It has been placed here in accordance with Rowling's statements in an interview.-->.<ref name="maggie" /><ref name="gofhermione" /> Durmstrang has, however, taught students from as far afield as [[Bulgaria]]. Durmstrang was one of the three schools that competed in the [[Triwizard Tournament]] in the [[1994–1995 school year]]. It is an old school, having existed since at least [[1290s|1294]]. The students at the school wear fur cloaks, fur hats, and blood-red robes.
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The '''Durmstrang Institute '''([[Wikipedia:Cyrillic script|Cyrillic]]: Дурмстранг) is the [[Scandinavia|Scandinavian]] [[Wizarding school|wizarding school]], located in the northernmost regions of [[Norway]] or [[Sweden]].<!--DO NOT CHANGE this information. It has been placed here in accordance with Rowling's statements in an interview.--><ref name="maggie">[http://www.accio-quote.org/articles/2000/1209-hpfgu-scruton.html JK Rowling Book Reading] 9 December 2000
  +
</ref><ref name="gofhermione" /> The school, which presumably takes mainly northern European students, is willing to accept international students as far afield as [[Bulgaria]]. Durmstrang is one of the three schools that compete in the [[Triwizard Tournament]]. It is an old school, having existed since at least [[1290s|1294]]<ref>[[Harry Potter and the Goblet of Fire]] - Chapter 12 (The Triwizard Tournament) The Triwizard Tournament was established some 700 years ago = c.[[1294]]</ref>, and is notorious for teaching the [[Dark Arts]].
   
Durmstrang, like [[Hogwarts School of Witchcraft and Wizardry]], is inside a castle, though their castle is not quite as big as Hogwarts. The castle is only four stories tall and fires are only lit for magical purposes. It has very extensive grounds. In addition, the school is [[Unplottability|Unplottable]]; Durmstrang, like other schools, likes to conceal its whereabouts so the other schools cannot steal their secrets. Their arrival by ship implies that Durmstrang is somewhere at the seaside or by some river or major lake.
+
Durmstrang does not admit [[Muggle-born]]s. However, it is shown that the students may not necessarily share this idea, as Krum attended the [[Yule Ball]] with [[Hermione Granger]], who is Muggle-born and would not have been admitted at his school.
   
Durmstrang does not admit [[Muggle-born]]s. However, it is shown that the students may not necessarily share this idea, as Krum attended the [[Yule Ball]] with [[Hermione Granger]], who is Muggle-born and would not have been admitted at his school. In the films, Durmstrang is said to be a male-only school, though in the books both genders are seen entering Hogwarts as representatives for their school.
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==Location==
 
Durmstrang is notorious for its acceptance of the [[Dark Arts]], and was known to have educated (and later expelled) Gellert Grindelwald before his ascension as a Dark Wizard. Former [[Headmaster]] [[Igor Karkaroff]] was in the service of [[Tom Riddle|Lord Voldemort]] as a [[Death Eaters|Death Eater]], but managed to escape punishment in [[Azkaban]] by providing the [[British Ministry of Magic|Ministry of Magic]] with the names of his co-conspirators. [[Lucius Malfoy]], another Death Eater, considered sending his son [[Draco Malfoy|Draco]] to Durmstrang, but his [[Narcissa Malfoy|mother]] did not like the idea of him going to school so far away.
 
 
==Castle==
 
 
{{Main|Durmstrang Castle}}
 
{{Main|Durmstrang Castle}}
  +
[[File:DurmstrangInstitute.png|right|thumb|180px|[[Durmstrang Castle]]]]
  +
Durmstrang, like [[Hogwarts School of Witchcraft and Wizardry]], is in a castle, though their castle is not quite as big as Hogwarts. The castle is only four stories tall and fires are only lit for magical purposes. It has very extensive grounds and is surrounded by lakes and mountains. In addition, the school is [[Unplottability|Unplottable]]; Durmstrang, like other schools, likes to conceal its whereabouts so the other schools cannot steal their secrets. Their arrival by ship implies that Durmstrang is somewhere at the seaside or by some river or major lake.
  +
 
==History==
 
==History==
 
===Past===
 
===Past===
[[File:Gellert Grindelwald school portrait.JPG|thumb|left|100px|Gellert Grindelwald in his uniform.]]
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[[File:Gellert_Grindelwald_school_portrait.JPG|thumb|left|216x216px|Gellert Grindelwald in his uniform]]
  +
Durmstrang was founded sometime during the [[Middle Ages]] by the great medieval Bulgarian witch [[Nerida Vulchanova]] who served as the first head of the school, followed after her mysterious demise by Professor [[Harfang Munter]] who established Durmstrang's reputation for emphasizing martial magic as an impressive part of its curriculum.
   
In [[1294]] the [[Triwizard Tournament]] was established as a friendly competition between Durmstrang Institute, [[Hogwarts School of Witchcraft and Wizardry]] and [[Beauxbatons Academy of Magic]]. But in [[1792]] a [[Cockatrice]] went on a rampage and injured the [[Headmaster|Heads]] of all the schools. The Triwizard Tournament was then suspended indefinitely, only recommencing in [[1994]].
+
Around [[1294]] the [[Triwizard Tournament]] was established as a friendly competition between Durmstrang Institute, [[Hogwarts School of Witchcraft and Wizardry]] and [[Beauxbatons Academy of Magic]]. But in [[1792]] a [[Cockatrice]] went on a rampage and injured the [[Headmaster|Heads]] of all the schools. The Triwizard Tournament was then suspended indefinitely, only restarting in [[1994]].
   
In [[1890s|1894]], [[Gellert Grindelwald]] was accepted into Durmstrang Institute. Although the school was oriented towards the [[Dark Arts]], Grindelwald's experiments in dark magic were considered too dangerous for the students. After a certain amount of time, even Durmstrang could no longer ignore Grindelwald's dangerous studies, and expelled him. Before he was expelled, he carved the calling card of his obsession, the [[Gellert Grindelwald's mark|mark]] of the [[Deathly Hallows]], on a wall of the school, which remained there long after his defeat. Some students copied it onto their books and bags to impress others, but were "taught a lesson" (presumably in the form of retribution) by those who lost family members to Grindelwald.
+
In [[1890s|1894]], [[Gellert Grindelwald]] was accepted into Durmstrang Institute. Although the school was oriented towards the [[Dark Arts]], Grindelwald's experiments in dark magic were considered too dangerous for the students. After a certain amount of time, even Durmstrang could no longer ignore Grindelwald's dangerous studies, and expelled him. Before he was expelled, he carved the calling card of his obsession, the [[Gellert Grindelwald's mark|mark]] of the [[Deathly Hallows]], on a wall of the school; that mark stayed there long after his defeat.
  +
[[File:Durmstrang 2.gif|thumb|202x202px|Durmstrang's ship]]
   
===Events surrounding the Triwizard Tournament in 1994===
+
At some point after [[1981]], [[Igor Karkaroff]] rose to the position of Headmaster of Durmstrang and became immensely unpopular in this position, having several students removed from the school by their parents for his ruthlessness. During his time as the school administrator, some students copied Grindelwald's symbol onto their books and bags to impress others, but were "taught a lesson" (presumably in the form of retribution) by those who lost family members to Grindelwald.
[[File:Durmstrang ship pic2.jpg|right|200px|thumb|The Durmstrang Ship, docked at [[Black Lake]].]]
 
Durmstrang arrived at Hogwarts for the Triwizard Tournament by [[Durmstrang ship|ship]], an enormous vessel in which they also slept during their stay in Scotland. They put on an introductory ceremony featuring the use of [[Durmstrang's walking sticks|walking sticks]]. They chose the [[Slytherin]] table, due to similarities of outlook, no doubt, and ate there.
 
   
[[File:Hp4gf 029Durmstrang.jpg|left|thumb|250px|Durmstrang students arriving at Hogwarts.]]
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===The Triwizard Tournament in (1994)===
Bulgarian [[Quidditch]] [[Seeker]], [[Viktor Krum]], attended Durmstrang, and was still in school during the 1994 [[Quidditch World Cup]]. That same year, the school participated in the recommenced Triwizard Tournament. Karkaroff brought twelve students with him to Hogwarts to put their name into the [[Goblet of Fire]]. However, it was Krum who was chosen as the Durmstrang representive.
+
[[File:DurmstrangShip.png|thumb|left|178x178px|The Durmstrang Ship, docked at Black Lake]]
  +
The Durmstrang delegation arrived at Hogwarts for the Triwizard Tournament by [[Durmstrang ship|ship]], an enormous vessel in which they slept during their stay in Scotland. They put on an introductory ceremony featuring the use of [[Durmstrang's walking sticks|walking sticks]]. They chose the [[Slytherin]] table, due to similarities of outlook, no doubt, and ate there.
   
As Krum was a celebrity, he was constantly hounded by [[Draco Malfoy]] and other students, who wanted autographs and the prestige of being close with him. Krum mostly ignored these advances, but formed a close friendship with [[Hermione Granger]], a [[Gryffindor]] student. They continued communication after the Tournament through letters.
+
Bulgarian [[Quidditch]] [[Seeker]], [[Viktor Krum]], attended Durmstrang, and was still in school during the 1994 [[Quidditch World Cup]]. That same year, the school participated in the recommenced Triwizard Tournament. Karkaroff brought twelve students with him to Hogwarts to put their name into the [[Goblet of Fire]]. However, it was Krum who was chosen as the Durmstrang representative.
  +
  +
As Krum was a celebrity, he was constantly hounded by [[Draco Malfoy]] and other students who wanted autographs and the prestige of being close with him. Krum mostly ignored these advances, but formed a close friendship with [[Hermione Granger]], a [[Gryffindor]] student. They continued communication after the Tournament through letters.
   
 
Karkaroff fled after [[Tom Riddle|Lord Voldemort]] rose again. It is not known who took over, or whether the school's reputation improved or worsened due to this.
 
Karkaroff fled after [[Tom Riddle|Lord Voldemort]] rose again. It is not known who took over, or whether the school's reputation improved or worsened due to this.
  +
  +
==Reputation==
  +
Durmstrang is notorious for its acceptance of the [[Dark Arts]], and was known to have educated (and later expelled) Gellert Grindelwald before his ascension as a Dark Wizard. Professor [[Igor Karkaroff]], a former [[Headmaster]], was in the service of [[Tom Riddle|Lord Voldemort]] as a [[Death Eaters|Death Eater]], but managed to escape punishment in [[Azkaban]] by providing the [[British Ministry of Magic|Ministry of Magic]] with the names of his co-conspirators. [[Lucius Malfoy]], another Death Eater, considered sending his son [[Draco Malfoy|Draco]] to Durmstrang, but his [[Narcissa Malfoy|mother]] did not like the idea of his going to school so far away.
   
 
==Known students==
 
==Known students==
  +
[[File:Hp4gf_029Durmstrang.jpg|thumb|222px|Durmstrang students in [[1994]]]]
 
*[[Gellert Grindelwald]]
 
*[[Gellert Grindelwald]]
 
*[[Viktor Krum]]
 
*[[Viktor Krum]]
 
*[[Poliakoff]]
 
*[[Poliakoff]]
*[[Headteacher of Durmstrang Institute during 1792|Former Head]] (possibly)
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*[[Headteacher of Durmstrang Institute during 1792|Former Head]]
*[[Igor Karkaroff]] (possibly)
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*[[Igor Karkaroff]]
 
*[[Igor Karkaroff's aide]]
 
*[[Igor Karkaroff's aide]]
 
*[[Durmstrang girl]]
 
*[[Durmstrang girl]]
*[[Unidentified Durmstrang Boy (I)]]
+
*[[Unidentified Durmstrang students]]
*[[Unidentified Durmstrang student]]
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*[[Unidentified Durmstrang Boy (II)]]
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==Uniform==
  +
{{Main|Durmstrang uniform}}
  +
The students at the school wear fur cloaks, fur hats, and blood-red robes.
   
==Etymology of name==
+
==Etymology==
"Durmstrang" seems to be a {{wplink|spoonerism}} for [[wikipedia:Sturm und Drang|''Sturm und Drang'']], a borrowed German expression meaning "turmoil, ferment"<ref name="Sturm-Und-Drang"> [http://www.thefreedictionary.com/Sturm+und+Drang The Free Dictionary's definitions of "Sturm Und Drang"]</ref> deriving from the name of a highly emotionally driven German artistic movement of the late 1700s, precursor of Romanticism. "Sturm und Drang" literally translates as "tempest and urge" or "charge and rush" but was anglicized as "storm and stress".
+
*The pronunciation of Durmstrang is "Doorm - strang".
  +
*"Durmstrang" seems to be a {{wplink|spoonerism}} for ''{{wplink|Sturm und Drang}}'', a borrowed German expression meaning "turmoil, ferment"<ref name="Sturm-Und-Drang">[http://www.thefreedictionary.com/Sturm+und+Drang The Free Dictionary's definitions of "Sturm Und Drang"]</ref> deriving from the name of a highly emotionally driven German artistic movement of the late 1700s, precursor of Romanticism. "Sturm und Drang" literally translates as "tempest and urge" or "charge and rush" but was anglicized as "storm and stress".
   
 
==Behind the scenes==
 
==Behind the scenes==
*In an interview with Accio Quote [[J. K. Rowling]] stated that Durmstrang was located in [[Wikipedia:Scandinavia|Scandinavia]], in the far north of either [[Sweden]] or [[Norway]].<ref name="maggie">[http://www.accio-quote.org/articles/2000/1209-hpfgu-scruton.html Report on Maggie's Cancer Caring Centre reading]</ref>
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[[File:Leaving.png|thumb|left|222px|The ship sailing away from Hogwarts Castle]]
**However, from Krum's description of the school's surroundings in ''[[Harry Potter and the Goblet of Fire]]'', they do not match northern Sweden but do almost perfectly match those to be found in Norway. Krum says that the castle is situated in a mountainous region, and is in close proximity to at least two lakes. Krum then goes into great detail in describing the climate at Durmstrang, stating that during the winter months there is very little sunlight. The highest point in Sweden is the mountain [[Wikipedia:Kebnekaise|Kebnekaise]] at 6926 feet (2,106 m). This is fairly diminutive when compared with Norway's highest mountain [[Wikipedia:Galdhøpiggen|Galdhøpiggen]] which measures 8100 feet (2,469 m). However, Norway's highest peak is not of a significant latitude to restrict sunlight to the degree that Krum describes, but Sweden's certainly is, being situated north of the [[Wikipedia:Polar Circle|Polar Circle]]. Furthermore, Galdhøpiggen is surrounded by several major lakes including [[Wikipedia:Gjende|Gjende]] and [[Wikipedia:Russvatnet|Russvatnet]], whereas the northernmost point of Sweden has no lakes, the closest lake being [[Wikipedia:Torneträsk|Torneträsk]], which is located in the northwest. Also, Galdhøpiggen is located near a fjord, which could explain the reason the school uses a ship to travel.
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*In an interview with Accio Quote [[J. K. Rowling]] stated that Durmstrang was in {{wplink|Scandinavia}}, in the far north of either [[Sweden]] or [[Norway]].<ref name="maggie" />
*In the [[Harry Potter and the Goblet of Fire (film)|film]], the {{wplink|coat of arms}} for Durmstrang is shown to be a double-headed eagle, and also features Cyrillic characters. Some of the regions of Sweden have crests with beings such as dragons, eagles, griffons, and giants. Additionally, one region of Sweden has a moose, eagle, and a wolf on its crest, all three of which are found on the Durmstrang crest, though Norway's national crest is a lion, very much resembling a Griffin. Some regions in Norway are also stated to have some of the same creatures on them as Sweden, both countries being of Viking descent. Also, on the German flag there is an eagle similar to the one on the Durmstrang crest.
+
**However, from Krum's description of the school's surroundings in ''[[Harry Potter and the Goblet of Fire]]'', they do not match northern Sweden but do almost perfectly match those found in Norway. Krum says that the castle is situated in a mountainous region, and is very near at least two lakes. Krum then goes into great detail in describing the climate at Durmstrang, stating that during the winter months there is very little sunlight. The highest point in Sweden is the mountain {{wplink|Kebnekaise}} at 6926 feet (2,106 m). This is much lower than Norway's highest mountain {{wplink|Galdhøpiggen}} which is 8100 feet (2,469 m). However, Norway's highest peak is not of a significant latitude to restrict sunlight to the degree that Krum describes, but Sweden's certainly is, being north of the {{wplink|Polar Circle}}. Furthermore, Galdhøpiggen is surrounded by several major lakes including {{wplink|Gjende}} and {{wplink|Russvatnet}}, but the northernmost point of Sweden has no lakes, the closest lake being {{wplink|Torneträsk}}, which is in the northwest. Also, Galdhøpiggen is near a fjord, which could be why the school uses a ship to travel.
*In the [[Harry Potter and the Goblet of Fire (film)|film adaptation]] of ''[[Harry Potter and the Goblet of Fire]]'', Durmstrang is pictured as an all-boy school. However, we know from the novel that there was also at least [[Durmstrang girl|one girl]] studying at Durmstrang by the [[1990s]].
+
**However the sun in Scandinavia sets and rises very early and late. At Sweden's biggest northern town Kiruna the sun does not rise at all for over 20 days, this is called "polar night" [http://goscandinavia.about.com/od/knowledgesafety/p/polarnight.htm]. There will be very little sun for 3 and a half months. Very little sun means that in the late February and early October they have 7 hours of sun a day, meaning 16 hours of complete darkness. [http://www.dinstartsida.se/solen-ort.asp?id=1980] Thus there is no need for a high mountain for it to be "dark".
*In the book, the hairstyle of the Durmstrang students was not described; in the film, all the Durmstrang students, who were all boys, had a [[wikipedia:buzzcut|buzzcut]] (except for [[Igor Karkaroff's aide]] and [[Gellert Grindelwald]]).
+
*In the [[Harry Potter and the Goblet of Fire (film)|film]], the {{wplink|coat of arms}} for Durmstrang is shown to be a double-headed eagle, and also features the school's name in both Latin and Cyrillic script (though the transliteration may be incorrect: transliteration to Cyrillic tends to be a recording of the name's pronunciation in the original language, and if the name is German in origin, "st" would be read as [∫t] and transliterated as щ (Bulgarian), or шт (Russian) instead of ст, thus the correct transliteration would be Дурмщранг/Дурмштранг and not Дурмстранг). Some of the regions of Sweden have crests with beings such as dragons, eagles, griffons, and giants. Additionally, one region of Sweden has a moose, eagle, and a wolf on its crest, all three of which are found on the Durmstrang crest, though Norway's national crest is a lion, very much resembling a Griffin. Some regions in Norway are also stated to have some of the same creatures on them as Sweden, both countries being of Viking descent. Also, on the German coat of arms there is an eagle similar to the one on the Durmstrang crest.
  +
*People who visit Durmstrang have their memories wiped as to how they got there, but are able to describe it.
  +
*In the [[Harry Potter and the Goblet of Fire (film)|film adaptation]] of ''[[Harry Potter and the Goblet of Fire]]'', Durmstrang is pictured as an all-male school. However, it is known from the novel that there was also at least [[Durmstrang girl|one girl]] studying at Durmstrang, and most likely other female students by the [[1990s]]. Moreover, ''[[Pottermore]]'' revealed that Durmstrang was founded by [[Nerida Vulchanova|a woman]].
  +
*In the book, the hairstyle of the Durmstrang students was not described; in the film, all the Durmstrang students, who were all boys, had a buzzcut (except for [[Igor Karkaroff's aide]] and [[Gellert Grindelwald]]).
  +
*Hogwarts, with their students wearing robes and house ties, seems akin to a real-world boarding school. However the manner and dress of Durmstrang, where the boys wear identical uniforms and have one permitted haircut, strongly mirrors that of a military academy in the Muggle world.
   
  +
==Gallery==
  +
<gallery position="center">
  +
Wizarding-School-Map-Durmstrang.jpg
  +
Durmstrangcrest.jpg
  +
</gallery>
 
==Appearances==
 
==Appearances==
 
*''[[Harry Potter and the Goblet of Fire]]'' {{1st Mention}}
 
*''[[Harry Potter and the Goblet of Fire]]'' {{1st Mention}}
Line 68: Line 80:
 
*''[[LEGO Harry Potter: Years 1-4]]'' {{Mention}}
 
*''[[LEGO Harry Potter: Years 1-4]]'' {{Mention}}
 
*''[[LEGO Harry Potter|Harry Potter LEGO Sets]]'' {{Mention}}
 
*''[[LEGO Harry Potter|Harry Potter LEGO Sets]]'' {{Mention}}
  +
*[[Harry Potter: The Character Vault]] (mentioned only)
  +
*[[Harry Potter: The Creature Vault]] (mentioned only)
   
 
==See also==
 
==See also==
Line 78: Line 92:
 
{{Education}}
 
{{Education}}
 
{{Triwizard}}
 
{{Triwizard}}
  +
[[es:Instituto Durmstrang]]
 
[[fr:Durmstrang]]
 
[[fr:Durmstrang]]
 
[[ru:Дурмстранг]]
 
[[ru:Дурмстранг]]
 
[[de:Durmstrang]]
 
[[de:Durmstrang]]
[[Category:Durmstrang| ]]
+
[[pl:Instytut Magii Durmstrang]]
  +
[[ja:ダームストラング専門学校]]
  +
[[Category:Durmstrang]]
  +
[[Category:Triwizard schools]]
  +
[[Category:Unplottable locations]]

Latest revision as of 09:57, April 21, 2016

" […] Father actually considered sending me to Durmstrang rather than Hogwarts, you know. He knows the headmaster, you see. Well, you know his opinion of Dumbledore — the man's such a Mudblood-lover — and Durmstrang doesn't admit that sort of riffraff. But Mother didn't like the idea of me going to school so far away. Father says Durmstrang takes a far more sensible line than Hogwarts about the Dark Arts. Durmstrang students actually learn them, not just the defence rubbish we do [...] "
Draco Malfoy[src]

The Durmstrang Institute (Cyrillic: Дурмстранг) is the Scandinavian wizarding school, located in the northernmost regions of Norway or Sweden.[1][2] The school, which presumably takes mainly northern European students, is willing to accept international students as far afield as Bulgaria. Durmstrang is one of the three schools that compete in the Triwizard Tournament. It is an old school, having existed since at least 1294[4], and is notorious for teaching the Dark Arts.

Durmstrang does not admit Muggle-borns. However, it is shown that the students may not necessarily share this idea, as Krum attended the Yule Ball with Hermione Granger, who is Muggle-born and would not have been admitted at his school.

LocationEdit

Main article: Durmstrang Castle
DurmstrangInstitute

Durmstrang Castle

Durmstrang, like Hogwarts School of Witchcraft and Wizardry, is in a castle, though their castle is not quite as big as Hogwarts. The castle is only four stories tall and fires are only lit for magical purposes. It has very extensive grounds and is surrounded by lakes and mountains. In addition, the school is Unplottable; Durmstrang, like other schools, likes to conceal its whereabouts so the other schools cannot steal their secrets. Their arrival by ship implies that Durmstrang is somewhere at the seaside or by some river or major lake.

HistoryEdit

PastEdit

Gellert Grindelwald school portrait

Gellert Grindelwald in his uniform

Durmstrang was founded sometime during the Middle Ages by the great medieval Bulgarian witch Nerida Vulchanova who served as the first head of the school, followed after her mysterious demise by Professor Harfang Munter who established Durmstrang's reputation for emphasizing martial magic as an impressive part of its curriculum.

Around 1294 the Triwizard Tournament was established as a friendly competition between Durmstrang Institute, Hogwarts School of Witchcraft and Wizardry and Beauxbatons Academy of Magic. But in 1792 a Cockatrice went on a rampage and injured the Heads of all the schools. The Triwizard Tournament was then suspended indefinitely, only restarting in 1994.

In 1894, Gellert Grindelwald was accepted into Durmstrang Institute. Although the school was oriented towards the Dark Arts, Grindelwald's experiments in dark magic were considered too dangerous for the students. After a certain amount of time, even Durmstrang could no longer ignore Grindelwald's dangerous studies, and expelled him. Before he was expelled, he carved the calling card of his obsession, the mark of the Deathly Hallows, on a wall of the school; that mark stayed there long after his defeat.

Durmstrang 2

Durmstrang's ship

At some point after 1981Igor Karkaroff rose to the position of Headmaster of Durmstrang and became immensely unpopular in this position, having several students removed from the school by their parents for his ruthlessness. During his time as the school administrator, some students copied Grindelwald's symbol onto their books and bags to impress others, but were "taught a lesson" (presumably in the form of retribution) by those who lost family members to Grindelwald.

The Triwizard Tournament in (1994)Edit

DurmstrangShip

The Durmstrang Ship, docked at Black Lake

The Durmstrang delegation arrived at Hogwarts for the Triwizard Tournament by ship, an enormous vessel in which they slept during their stay in Scotland. They put on an introductory ceremony featuring the use of walking sticks. They chose the Slytherin table, due to similarities of outlook, no doubt, and ate there.

Bulgarian Quidditch Seeker, Viktor Krum, attended Durmstrang, and was still in school during the 1994 Quidditch World Cup. That same year, the school participated in the recommenced Triwizard Tournament. Karkaroff brought twelve students with him to Hogwarts to put their name into the Goblet of Fire. However, it was Krum who was chosen as the Durmstrang representative.

As Krum was a celebrity, he was constantly hounded by Draco Malfoy and other students who wanted autographs and the prestige of being close with him. Krum mostly ignored these advances, but formed a close friendship with Hermione Granger, a Gryffindor student. They continued communication after the Tournament through letters.

Karkaroff fled after Lord Voldemort rose again. It is not known who took over, or whether the school's reputation improved or worsened due to this.

ReputationEdit

Durmstrang is notorious for its acceptance of the Dark Arts, and was known to have educated (and later expelled) Gellert Grindelwald before his ascension as a Dark Wizard. Professor Igor Karkaroff, a former Headmaster, was in the service of Lord Voldemort as a Death Eater, but managed to escape punishment in Azkaban by providing the Ministry of Magic with the names of his co-conspirators. Lucius Malfoy, another Death Eater, considered sending his son Draco to Durmstrang, but his mother did not like the idea of his going to school so far away.

Known studentsEdit

Hp4gf 029Durmstrang

Durmstrang students in 1994

UniformEdit

Main article: Durmstrang uniform

The students at the school wear fur cloaks, fur hats, and blood-red robes.

EtymologyEdit

  • The pronunciation of Durmstrang is "Doorm - strang".
  • "Durmstrang" seems to be a spoonerism for Sturm und Drang, a borrowed German expression meaning "turmoil, ferment"[5] deriving from the name of a highly emotionally driven German artistic movement of the late 1700s, precursor of Romanticism. "Sturm und Drang" literally translates as "tempest and urge" or "charge and rush" but was anglicized as "storm and stress".

Behind the scenesEdit

Leaving

The ship sailing away from Hogwarts Castle

  • In an interview with Accio Quote J. K. Rowling stated that Durmstrang was in Scandinavia, in the far north of either Sweden or Norway.[1]
    • However, from Krum's description of the school's surroundings in Harry Potter and the Goblet of Fire, they do not match northern Sweden but do almost perfectly match those found in Norway. Krum says that the castle is situated in a mountainous region, and is very near at least two lakes. Krum then goes into great detail in describing the climate at Durmstrang, stating that during the winter months there is very little sunlight. The highest point in Sweden is the mountain Kebnekaise at 6926 feet (2,106 m). This is much lower than Norway's highest mountain Galdhøpiggen which is 8100 feet (2,469 m). However, Norway's highest peak is not of a significant latitude to restrict sunlight to the degree that Krum describes, but Sweden's certainly is, being north of the Polar Circle. Furthermore, Galdhøpiggen is surrounded by several major lakes including Gjende and Russvatnet, but the northernmost point of Sweden has no lakes, the closest lake being Torneträsk, which is in the northwest. Also, Galdhøpiggen is near a fjord, which could be why the school uses a ship to travel.
    • However the sun in Scandinavia sets and rises very early and late. At Sweden's biggest northern town Kiruna the sun does not rise at all for over 20 days, this is called "polar night" [1]. There will be very little sun for 3 and a half months. Very little sun means that in the late February and early October they have 7 hours of sun a day, meaning 16 hours of complete darkness. [2] Thus there is no need for a high mountain for it to be "dark".
  • In the film, the coat of arms for Durmstrang is shown to be a double-headed eagle, and also features the school's name in both Latin and Cyrillic script (though the transliteration may be incorrect: transliteration to Cyrillic tends to be a recording of the name's pronunciation in the original language, and if the name is German in origin, "st" would be read as [∫t] and transliterated as щ (Bulgarian), or шт (Russian) instead of ст, thus the correct transliteration would be Дурмщранг/Дурмштранг and not Дурмстранг). Some of the regions of Sweden have crests with beings such as dragons, eagles, griffons, and giants. Additionally, one region of Sweden has a moose, eagle, and a wolf on its crest, all three of which are found on the Durmstrang crest, though Norway's national crest is a lion, very much resembling a Griffin. Some regions in Norway are also stated to have some of the same creatures on them as Sweden, both countries being of Viking descent. Also, on the German coat of arms there is an eagle similar to the one on the Durmstrang crest.
  • People who visit Durmstrang have their memories wiped as to how they got there, but are able to describe it.
  • In the film adaptation of Harry Potter and the Goblet of Fire, Durmstrang is pictured as an all-male school. However, it is known from the novel that there was also at least one girl studying at Durmstrang, and most likely other female students by the 1990s. Moreover, Pottermore revealed that Durmstrang was founded by a woman.
  • In the book, the hairstyle of the Durmstrang students was not described; in the film, all the Durmstrang students, who were all boys, had a buzzcut (except for Igor Karkaroff's aide and Gellert Grindelwald).
  • Hogwarts, with their students wearing robes and house ties, seems akin to a real-world boarding school. However the manner and dress of Durmstrang, where the boys wear identical uniforms and have one permitted haircut, strongly mirrors that of a military academy in the Muggle world.

GalleryEdit

AppearancesEdit

See alsoEdit

Notes and referencesEdit

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 Report on Maggie's Cancer Caring Centre reading
  2. 2.0 2.1 Harry Potter and the Goblet of Fire: Hermione: "It must be far north because they have fur capes on the uniform list."
  3. The geographic characteristics described by Krum in Harry Potter and the Goblet of Fire strongly imply northern Norway. See the "Behind the Scenes" section
  4. Harry Potter and the Goblet of Fire - Chapter 12 (The Triwizard Tournament) The Triwizard Tournament was established some 700 years ago = c.1294
  5. The Free Dictionary's definitions of "Sturm Und Drang"


Wizarding Education
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The Eleven Schools: Beauxbatons · Castelobruxo · Durmstrang · Hogwarts · Ilvermorny · Koldovstoretz · Mahoutokoro · Uagadou
Specialised schools: Academy of Broom Flying · Charm School · Euro-Glyph School of Extraordinary Languages · Merge School of Under-Water Spellage · Wizarding Academy of Dramatic Arts
Examinations: First year exams · Second year exams · Third year exams · Fourth year exams · Ordinary Wizarding Level · Nastily Exhausting Wizarding Test
Core classes: Astronomy · Charms · Defence Against the Dark Arts · Herbology · History of Magic · Potions · Transfiguration
Elective classes: Alchemy · Arithmancy · Care of Magical Creatures · Divination · Muggle Studies · Study of Ancient Runes
Extra-curricular classes: Apparition · Advanced Arithmancy Studies · Ancient Studies · Art · Flying · Frog Choir · Ghoul Studies · Hogwarts orchestra · Magical Theory · Muggle Art · Muggle Music · Music · Xylomancy


The Triwizard Tournament
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Objects & Locations: Goblet of FireCasketGolden eggHedge MazeTriwizard Cup
Schools: BeauxbatonsDurmstrangHogwarts
1994-1995 Triwizard Champions: Fleur DelacourViktor KrumCedric DiggoryHarry Potter

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