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==Types of discipline==
 
==Types of discipline==
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===Confiscation of possessions===
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{{Quote|Hold it!... Fanged Frisbees are banned, hand it over.|[[Hermione Granger]] to a passing fourth year|Harry Potter and the Half-Blood Prince}}
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The caretaker, prefects and teachers can confiscate student's possessions when they are on the list of prohibited objects, or they believe they may be dangerous. In at least one instance this was done as a punishment.
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In Harry's [[1992|third year]], Minerva McGonagall confiscated his [[Firebolt]], because she believed that Sirius Black sent it with a jinx to harm him. She returned it to him intact after stripping it down to search for any jinxes or hexes.
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In Harry's [[1994|fifth year]], Dolores Umbridge confiscated brooms as punishment from Harry, Fred Weasley and George Weasley after they attacked (or attempted to attack) Draco Malfoy. The twins recovered theirs against her will when they quit school; Harry's was returned to him upon Umbridge's departure from Hogwarts.
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===House point deduction===
 
===House point deduction===
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[[File:Great hall hourglasses.jpg|200px|thumb|The four hourglasses represent the house points that an authority figure may deduct.]]
 
{{Quote|While you are at Hogwarts, your triumphs will earn your house points, while any rule-breaking will lose house points.|[[Minerva McGonagall]]|Harry Potter and the Philosopher's Stone}}
 
{{Quote|While you are at Hogwarts, your triumphs will earn your house points, while any rule-breaking will lose house points.|[[Minerva McGonagall]]|Harry Potter and the Philosopher's Stone}}
[[File:House_point_ceremony_chamber_COSG_1.png|thumb|The four hourglasses represents the house points that an authority figure may deduct.]]
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This is one of the most common forms of punishment in Hogwarts. When a student has committed some minor mischief, they usually lose [[House points]]. As the [[House Cup]] competition is a sign of pride for each house, losing points would set them back from winning that pride. This form of punishment may seem a little unfair as one student may drag the entire house down with him. However, this also shows why this form of discipline is so effective - peer pressure to behave.
 
This is one of the most common forms of punishment in Hogwarts. When a student has committed some minor mischief, they usually lose [[House points]]. As the [[House Cup]] competition is a sign of pride for each house, losing points would set them back from winning that pride. This form of punishment may seem a little unfair as one student may drag the entire house down with him. However, this also shows why this form of discipline is so effective - peer pressure to behave.
   
 
All teachers, [[prefect]]s, and the [[Head Boy]] and [[Head Boy|Girl]] have the authority to dock house points from students. However, prefects have no authority to dock points from other prefects. During the reign of the [[Inquisitorial Squad]], the members were given special permission to dock points from anyone they desire, even prefects.
 
All teachers, [[prefect]]s, and the [[Head Boy]] and [[Head Boy|Girl]] have the authority to dock house points from students. However, prefects have no authority to dock points from other prefects. During the reign of the [[Inquisitorial Squad]], the members were given special permission to dock points from anyone they desire, even prefects.
   
Strict disciplinarians, such as Professor [[Minerva McGonagall]], have no qualms about deducting points, if they believe such action is warranted.
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Strict disciplinarians, such as Professor [[Minerva McGonagall]], have no qualms about deducting points from their own House, if they believe such action is warranted. 
   
 
===Detention===
 
===Detention===
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Such examples can include doing something dangerous (such as entering the [[Forbidden Forest]] to help [[Rubeus Hagrid]]) or doing physical labour and other tasks without magic.
 
Such examples can include doing something dangerous (such as entering the [[Forbidden Forest]] to help [[Rubeus Hagrid]]) or doing physical labour and other tasks without magic.
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A popular form of detention is making wrongdoers polish the school's many ornate candelabra.<ref>''[[Wonderbook: Book of Spells]]''</ref>
   
 
Detentions are usually held in a teacher's office, but the [[Detention Chamber]] is a known room in Hogwarts that is likely to be used. A corridor, the [[Detention escape route]], is also another location that is likely used for students fleeing their punishments. The [[Marauders]] may have used it as it was seen on their [[Marauder's Map]].
 
Detentions are usually held in a teacher's office, but the [[Detention Chamber]] is a known room in Hogwarts that is likely to be used. A corridor, the [[Detention escape route]], is also another location that is likely used for students fleeing their punishments. The [[Marauders]] may have used it as it was seen on their [[Marauder's Map]].
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Teachers can sometimes suspend or remove certain privileges of students, such as [[Quidditch]] and [[Hogsmeade weekend trips|visits]] to [[Hogsmeade]].
 
Teachers can sometimes suspend or remove certain privileges of students, such as [[Quidditch]] and [[Hogsmeade weekend trips|visits]] to [[Hogsmeade]].
   
In Harry's [[1992|second year]], Snape suggested suspending Harry from Quidditch during the opening of the [[Chamber of Secrets]], but [[Minerva McGonagall|Professor McGonagall]] rejected that. Three years later, Professor McGonagall threatened [[Angelina Johnson]] with the loss of her position as Captain of the team if she shouted loudly again in the [[Great Hall]]. Later that year, when Harry and [[George Weasley]] attacked [[Draco Malfoy]] for insulting their families, Umbridge stripped them of their privilege to play Quidditch and confiscated their [[broomstick]]s. Fred Weasley also lost his permission because he would have attacked too if he had't been held back. Although Fred and George retrieved their brooms and escaped Hogwarts, Harry was given his privilege and [[Harry Potter's Firebolt broomstick|Firebolt]]? back when Umbridge was sacked.
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In Harry's [[1992|second year]], Snape suggested suspending Harry from Quidditch during the opening of the [[Chamber of Secrets]], but [[Minerva McGonagall|Professor McGonagall]] rejected that. Three years later, Professor McGonagall threatened [[Angelina Johnson]] with the loss of her position as Captain of the team if she shouted loudly again in the [[Great Hall]]. Later that year, when Harry and [[George Weasley]] attacked [[Draco Malfoy]] for insulting their families, Umbridge stripped them of their privilege to play Quidditch and confiscated their [[broomstick]]s. Fred Weasley also lost his permission because he would have attacked Malfoy too, if Angelina Johnson, Katie Bell, and Alicia Spinnet had not restrained him. Although Fred and George retrieved their brooms and escaped Hogwarts, Harry was given his privilege and [[Harry Potter's Firebolt broomstick|Firebolt]] back when Umbridge was sacked.
   
 
In his third year, [[Neville Longbottom]] lost his privilege to go to Hogsmeade when he left a list of [[Gryffindor Tower]]'s [[password]]s for [[Sirius Black]] to steal. Harry also lost his privilege by Umbridge two years later after his interview with [[Rita Skeeter]] about [[Tom Riddle|Lord Voldemort]]'s return. Both of them regained their privileges at the end of their respective years.
 
In his third year, [[Neville Longbottom]] lost his privilege to go to Hogsmeade when he left a list of [[Gryffindor Tower]]'s [[password]]s for [[Sirius Black]] to steal. Harry also lost his privilege by Umbridge two years later after his interview with [[Rita Skeeter]] about [[Tom Riddle|Lord Voldemort]]'s return. Both of them regained their privileges at the end of their respective years.
   
 
In her sixth year, [[Ginny Weasley]] lost her privilege to go to Hogsmeade after reforming [[Dumbledore's Army]].
 
In her sixth year, [[Ginny Weasley]] lost her privilege to go to Hogsmeade after reforming [[Dumbledore's Army]].
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===Parent or guardian notification===
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{{Quote|I've had more owls from Hogwarts about [Fred and George] than the rest put together.|Molly Weasley|Harry Potter and the Goblet of Fire}}
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Some offenses, or perhaps repeat offenses, warrant sending a letter to the family of the student in addition to other punishments.
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In some cases the reply from the family to the student is a [[Howler]] (a red envelope that bursts into flames and speaks its message in a highly-magnified voice of the writer), which is embarrassing when it arrives in front of other students.
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In Harry's and Ron's [[1992|second year]], the Headmaster, [[Albus Dumbledore]], wrote to both their families regarding them operating a flying car that was seen by Muggles, in violation of The International Statute of Secrecy. Ron's mother sent him a Howler.
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In Neville's [[1993|third year]], his Head of House, Professor McGonagall, wrote to his grandmother after Sirius Black gained admittance to Gryffindor tower by getting the list of passwords Neville had written on parchment. Neville's grandmother sent him a Howler.
   
 
===Suspension===
 
===Suspension===
 
{{Quote|...[[Harry Potter|he]] should be suspended, at the very least, for leading his friends into such danger.|Severus Snape, about the [[Encounter at the Shrieking Shack]]|Harry Potter and the Prisoner of Azkaban}}
 
{{Quote|...[[Harry Potter|he]] should be suspended, at the very least, for leading his friends into such danger.|Severus Snape, about the [[Encounter at the Shrieking Shack]]|Harry Potter and the Prisoner of Azkaban}}
To be suspended from school is to be removed from there for a certain amount of time. Although this practice is not very usual, some Professors like [[Severus Snape]] frequently suggested for [[Harry Potter|some students]] to be suspended for reasons that they think is justifiable.
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To be suspended from school is to be removed from there for a certain amount of time. Although this practice is not very usual, some Professors like [[Severus Snape]] frequently suggested for [[Harry Potter|some students]] to be suspended for reasons that they think are justifiable.
   
 
===Expulsion===
 
===Expulsion===
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There are other reasons for expulsion. Under the [[International Statute of Wizarding Secrecy]] and [[Decree for the Reasonable Restriction of Underage Sorcery]], for underage wizards and witches, if they perform magic outside of school, especially in front of [[Muggle]]s, they are given one warning letter. A second offence may result in a disciplinary hearing or expulsion. There are exceptions, though: if the situation is serious enough to threaten the student in question or anyone within the vicinity, or if granted permission by a high-authority figure, he or she has permission to perform magic.
 
There are other reasons for expulsion. Under the [[International Statute of Wizarding Secrecy]] and [[Decree for the Reasonable Restriction of Underage Sorcery]], for underage wizards and witches, if they perform magic outside of school, especially in front of [[Muggle]]s, they are given one warning letter. A second offence may result in a disciplinary hearing or expulsion. There are exceptions, though: if the situation is serious enough to threaten the student in question or anyone within the vicinity, or if granted permission by a high-authority figure, he or she has permission to perform magic.
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The Ministry does not have the authority to punish students for misdeamenours within school unless it directly transgresses any [[Educational Decree]]s, nor may it expel any students and confiscate wands unless charges are successfully proven.
   
 
Under the tenure of Professor [[Dolores Umbridge]] as [[Hogwarts High Inquisitor|High Inquisitor]], Educational Decrees 24 and 27 were passed, both of which would lead to students being expelled if they dare start an unauthorised organisation and carry [[The Quibbler]] inside school, respectively.
 
Under the tenure of Professor [[Dolores Umbridge]] as [[Hogwarts High Inquisitor|High Inquisitor]], Educational Decrees 24 and 27 were passed, both of which would lead to students being expelled if they dare start an unauthorised organisation and carry [[The Quibbler]] inside school, respectively.
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[[Rubeus Hagrid]] was the only known student to have been expelled, in his third year, for a crime that he did not commit (he was framed by [[Tom Riddle]]). Over fifty years later, his name was cleared by [[Harry Potter]], [[Ronald Weasley|Ron Weasley]] and [[Hermione Granger]], who uncovered all the truth about the [[Chamber of Secrets]].
 
[[Rubeus Hagrid]] was the only known student to have been expelled, in his third year, for a crime that he did not commit (he was framed by [[Tom Riddle]]). Over fifty years later, his name was cleared by [[Harry Potter]], [[Ronald Weasley|Ron Weasley]] and [[Hermione Granger]], who uncovered all the truth about the [[Chamber of Secrets]].
   
[[Harry Potter]] was many times close to being expelled, mainly by Professors [[Severus Snape]] and [[Dolores Umbridge]]. However, thanks to quick thinking and help from more fair teachers, he was saved from these situations. Once, when Harry [[Attack at Magnolia Crescent|was forced]] to produce a [[Patronus]] in front of a [[muggle]], [[Dudley Dursley]], due to a pair of [[Dementor]]s sent by Umbridge, Harry was expelled for performing [[underage magic]], and in front of a muggle, and that [[Harry Potter's wand|his wand]] would be confiscated and destroyed. However, this expulsion was later retracted and changed to a [[Disciplinary hearing of Harry Potter|disciplinary hearing]], at which Harry was found innocent.
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[[Harry Potter]] was many times close to being expelled, mainly by Professors [[Severus Snape]] and [[Dolores Umbridge]]. However, thanks to quick thinking and help from more fair teachers, he was saved from these situations. Once, when Harry produced a [[Patronus]] out of school, [[Attack at Magnolia Crescent|to save his life]] and that of his cousin, [[Dudley Dursley]], from a pair of [[Dementors]] sent by Umbridge, Harry received an expulsion notice for performing [[underage magic]], and in front of a muggle, stating that [[Harry Potter's wand|his wand]] would be confiscated and destroyed. However, this expulsion was later retracted and changed to a [[Disciplinary hearing of Harry Potter|disciplinary hearing]], at which Harry was found not guilty.
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Severus Snape once claimed to [[Bellatrix Lestrange]] that he had done his utmost have Harry thrown out of Hogwarts, "where I believe he scarcely belongs", though to what degree this is actually true is uncertain, given his secret loyalty to [[Albus Dumbledore]].<ref name="HBP2">''[[Harry Potter and the Half-Blood Prince]]'', Chapter 2 - (''Spinner's End'')</ref>
   
 
===Other forms of discipline===
 
===Other forms of discipline===
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At various times, a number of other types of punishments have been employed at Hogwarts, sometimes authorised, sometimes not. [[Argus Filch]] stated that it was "a pity they let the old punishments die out," such as hanging students from their wrists for a few days.
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====Transfiguration====
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[[Bartemius Crouch Jr.]], impersonating [[Alastor Moody]], once [[Human to ferret|transfigured]] [[Draco Malfoy]] into a [[ferret]], though the [[transfiguration]] was quickly [[Ferret to human|undone]] by [[Minerva McGonagall]], who warned him that "We never use transfiguration as a punishment."
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====Physical pain====
 
{{Quote|[[Approval for Whipping]]... Approval for Whipping... I can do it at last... they've had it coming to them for years...|Argus Filch, overjoyed at the idea of being allowed to whip [[Fred and George Weasley]]|Harry Potter and the Order of the Phoenix}}
 
{{Quote|[[Approval for Whipping]]... Approval for Whipping... I can do it at last... they've had it coming to them for years...|Argus Filch, overjoyed at the idea of being allowed to whip [[Fred and George Weasley]]|Harry Potter and the Order of the Phoenix}}
   
At various times, a number of other types of punishments have been employed at Hogwarts, sometimes authorised, sometimes not. [[Argus Filch]] stated that it was "a pity they let the old punishments die out," such as hanging students from their wrists for a few days. [[Bartemius Crouch Jr.]], impersonating [[Alastor Moody]], once [[Human to ferret|transfigured]] [[Draco Malfoy]] into a [[ferret]], though the [[transfiguration]] was quickly [[Ferret to human|undone]] by [[Minerva McGonagall]], who warned him that "We never use transfiguration as a punishment." In [[1996]], an official order was given allowing the whipping of students. Argus Filch attempted to administer this punishment on Fred and George Weasley, but they flew away before he could do so. He later prowled the corridors of the school with his whip in hand, but there were so many miscreants that he didn't know which way to turn, so it is uncertain if he was able to ever administer this punishment. [[Educational Decree Number Twenty-Nine]] would have possibly allowed even more gruesome punishments, but it was never actually passed. During the [[Death Eaters]]' takeover of the school in the [[1997-1998 school year]], the [[Cruciatus Curse]] was used on students placed in detention and other severe forms of punishment were used, mainly by [[Amycus Carrow|Amycus]] and [[Alecto Carrow]], who were placed in charge of all discipline.
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When Albus Dumbledore was headmaster, inflicting pain on students was not authorized. Upon seeing Dolores Umbridge shake [[Marietta Edgecombe]] very hard, he was visibly angry and magically forced Umbridge to release her saying, "I cannot allow you to manhandle my students, Delores." Immediately thereafter Fudge threatened him with arrest, forcing him to depart his office (and likely the school) temporarily.
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Previously some of Umbridge's detentions had students write lines with a blood quill that cut the back of their own hand and used their blood as ink. Upon discovering Harry was being subjected to this, Ron said, "Go to McGonagall, say something!" but Harry did not. [[Lee Jordan]] also experienced the blood quill. It is unknown if this punishment was brought to the attention of a Head of House or the Headmaster.
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In [[1996]] as a Ministry-appointed Headmistress, Umbridge might still have not been authorized to inflict pain as a punishment, perhaps due to rules set down by the Hogwarts governors, which could only be overridden by the Ministry's educational decrees. Filch said to Harry, "You filthy little beasts would never have dropped Stinkpellets if you'd known I had it in my power to whip you raw,...if I could've strung you up by the ankles in my office, would they? But when Educational Decree Number Twenty-nine comes in,... I'll be allowed to do them things...."
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Soon thereafter, Filch is seen entering Umbridge's office to get forms to allow him to administer whipping as a punishment. Argus Filch attempted to administer this punishment on Fred and George Weasley, but they flew away before he could do so. He later prowled the corridors of the school with his whip in hand, but there were so many miscreants that he didn't know which way to turn, so it is uncertain if he was able to ever administer this punishment. [[Educational Decree Number Twenty-Nine]] would have possibly allowed even more gruesome punishments, but it was never actually passed. Upon Umbridge's removal and Dumbledore's return, these punishments or threats of punishments ceased.
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During the [[Death Eaters]]' takeover of the school in the [[1997-1998 school year]], the [[Cruciatus Curse]] was used on students placed in detention and other severe forms of punishment were used, mainly by [[Amycus Carrow|Amycus]] and [[Alecto Carrow]], who were placed in charge of all discipline; their cruelty made Umbridge look tame.
   
 
==In charge of discipline==
 
==In charge of discipline==
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*The [[Head of House|Heads of House]] in addition can expel a student of their house.
 
*The [[Head of House|Heads of House]] in addition can expel a student of their house.
 
*[[Dolores Umbridge]], the first and only [[High Inquisitor]], had the full authority to invoke or alter any punishment, and once she became Headmaster, gained the full privileges and authority of that rank.
 
*[[Dolores Umbridge]], the first and only [[High Inquisitor]], had the full authority to invoke or alter any punishment, and once she became Headmaster, gained the full privileges and authority of that rank.
*The [[Headmaster]] can use all of the punishments listed above, but can also revoke any punishment handed out. Apparently, any expulsion needs to be confirmed by the Headmaster before the student get expelled.
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*The [[Headmaster]] can use all of the authorized punishments listed above, but can also revoke any punishment handed out. Apparently, any expulsion needs to be confirmed by the Headmaster before the student gets expelled.
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*The [[British Ministry of Magic|Ministry of Magic]] has no right to punish students for their wrongdoings in school, nor do they have the right to expel students and confiscate wands unless charges have been successfully proven and passed.
   
 
==Appearances==
 
==Appearances==
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*''[[Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows]]'' {{Mention}}
 
*''[[Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows]]'' {{Mention}}
 
*''[[Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows: Part 2]]'' {{Comment|Possibly}}
 
*''[[Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows: Part 2]]'' {{Comment|Possibly}}
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==Notes and references==
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{{Reflist}}
 
[[Category:Hogwarts]]
 
[[Category:Hogwarts]]
 
[[Category:Rules and regulations]]
 
[[Category:Rules and regulations]]

Latest revision as of 08:19, April 6, 2014

Hagrid: "Yeh've done wrong and now yeh've got ter pay for it."
Malfoy: "But this is servant's stuff, it's not for students to do. I thought we'd be copying lines or something. If my father knew I was doing this, he'd--"
Hagrid: "--tell yer that's how it's done at Hogwarts. Copyin' lines! What good's that ter anyone?"
Hagrid to Malfoy on Hogwarts discipline.[src]

In Hogwarts School of Witchcraft and Wizardry, the many underage wizards and witches are kept under control by the teachers through the many rules set there. Any miscreants are usually punished by the teachers or the Ministry of Magic, and the form of punishment depends on the severity of the mischief. These punishments can also be used in combination as the ones who hand them out see fit.

During the 1995–1996 school year, when Educational Decree 25 was activated, Dolores Umbridge had the right to override the punishments given by other teachers, and alter them to her own wishes.

Types of disciplineEdit

Confiscation of possessionsEdit

"Hold it!... Fanged Frisbees are banned, hand it over."
Hermione Granger to a passing fourth year[src]

The caretaker, prefects and teachers can confiscate student's possessions when they are on the list of prohibited objects, or they believe they may be dangerous. In at least one instance this was done as a punishment.

In Harry's third year, Minerva McGonagall confiscated his Firebolt, because she believed that Sirius Black sent it with a jinx to harm him. She returned it to him intact after stripping it down to search for any jinxes or hexes.

In Harry's fifth year, Dolores Umbridge confiscated brooms as punishment from Harry, Fred Weasley and George Weasley after they attacked (or attempted to attack) Draco Malfoy. The twins recovered theirs against her will when they quit school; Harry's was returned to him upon Umbridge's departure from Hogwarts.

House point deductionEdit

Great hall hourglasses
The four hourglasses represent the house points that an authority figure may deduct.
Seth CooperAdded by Seth Cooper
"While you are at Hogwarts, your triumphs will earn your house points, while any rule-breaking will lose house points."
Minerva McGonagall[src]

This is one of the most common forms of punishment in Hogwarts. When a student has committed some minor mischief, they usually lose House points. As the House Cup competition is a sign of pride for each house, losing points would set them back from winning that pride. This form of punishment may seem a little unfair as one student may drag the entire house down with him. However, this also shows why this form of discipline is so effective - peer pressure to behave.

All teachers, prefects, and the Head Boy and Girl have the authority to dock house points from students. However, prefects have no authority to dock points from other prefects. During the reign of the Inquisitorial Squad, the members were given special permission to dock points from anyone they desire, even prefects.

Strict disciplinarians, such as Professor Minerva McGonagall, have no qualms about deducting points from their own House, if they believe such action is warranted. 

DetentionEdit

"Could you possibly think of a better way of spending detention than helping me answer my fan mail?"
Gilderoy Lockhart to Harry Potter[src]
Detention dolores
Harry forced to scar his own hand by Umbridge as detention.
GreekpimpAdded by Greekpimp

This is another common form of punishment of the school. When a student has caused a certain level of mayhem, they are usually given detention. This punishment is the most varied form, as there are many ways for the students to serve it. The length of the detention can also be determined by the teacher providing it.

Such examples can include doing something dangerous (such as entering the Forbidden Forest to help Rubeus Hagrid) or doing physical labour and other tasks without magic.

A popular form of detention is making wrongdoers polish the school's many ornate candelabra.[1]

Detentions are usually held in a teacher's office, but the Detention Chamber is a known room in Hogwarts that is likely to be used. A corridor, the Detention escape route, is also another location that is likely used for students fleeing their punishments. The Marauders may have used it as it was seen on their Marauder's Map.

When Dolores Umbridge became a professor, she gave one of the most cruel forms of detention in the history of the school. She forced students to spend hours a day for a week at her office, using a blood quill to write lines, which causes the words to cut into their hands to draw blood as ink. This detention usually starts from 5:00 pm, so the students don't have much time for dinner, and lasts until over midnight, leaving a lack of time for sleep and homework. Professor McGonagall considered this a "medieval method" and tried, unsuccessfully, to argue against Umbridge for utilising it.

As Umbridge was restrained by the laws of the wizarding world (though the actual legality of her actions at the time is unclear), her punishments paled in comparison to those of the Carrows during Lord Voldemort's reign. This included torture and physical punishment, such as the use of the Cruciatus Curse on students.

Prefects may also be able to place fellow students in detention. Ron once threatened Seamus Finnigan with this punishment when he questioned Harry's sanity and the twins Fred and George Weasley once suggested that Hermione might do this to them.

Removal of privilegesEdit

"I contacted the Minister at once, and he quite agreed with me that the High Inquisitor has to have the power to strip pupils of privileges, or she - that is to say, I - would have less authority than common teachers!"
—Dolores Umbridge[src]

Teachers can sometimes suspend or remove certain privileges of students, such as Quidditch and visits to Hogsmeade.

In Harry's second year, Snape suggested suspending Harry from Quidditch during the opening of the Chamber of Secrets, but Professor McGonagall rejected that. Three years later, Professor McGonagall threatened Angelina Johnson with the loss of her position as Captain of the team if she shouted loudly again in the Great Hall. Later that year, when Harry and George Weasley attacked Draco Malfoy for insulting their families, Umbridge stripped them of their privilege to play Quidditch and confiscated their broomsticks. Fred Weasley also lost his permission because he would have attacked Malfoy too, if Angelina Johnson, Katie Bell, and Alicia Spinnet had not restrained him. Although Fred and George retrieved their brooms and escaped Hogwarts, Harry was given his privilege and Firebolt back when Umbridge was sacked.

In his third year, Neville Longbottom lost his privilege to go to Hogsmeade when he left a list of Gryffindor Tower's passwords for Sirius Black to steal. Harry also lost his privilege by Umbridge two years later after his interview with Rita Skeeter about Lord Voldemort's return. Both of them regained their privileges at the end of their respective years.

In her sixth year, Ginny Weasley lost her privilege to go to Hogsmeade after reforming Dumbledore's Army.

Parent or guardian notificationEdit

"I've had more owls from Hogwarts about [Fred and George] than the rest put together."
—Molly Weasley[src]

Some offenses, or perhaps repeat offenses, warrant sending a letter to the family of the student in addition to other punishments.

In some cases the reply from the family to the student is a Howler (a red envelope that bursts into flames and speaks its message in a highly-magnified voice of the writer), which is embarrassing when it arrives in front of other students.

In Harry's and Ron's second year, the Headmaster, Albus Dumbledore, wrote to both their families regarding them operating a flying car that was seen by Muggles, in violation of The International Statute of Secrecy. Ron's mother sent him a Howler.

In Neville's third year, his Head of House, Professor McGonagall, wrote to his grandmother after Sirius Black gained admittance to Gryffindor tower by getting the list of passwords Neville had written on parchment. Neville's grandmother sent him a Howler.

SuspensionEdit

"...he should be suspended, at the very least, for leading his friends into such danger."
—Severus Snape, about the Encounter at the Shrieking Shack[src]

To be suspended from school is to be removed from there for a certain amount of time. Although this practice is not very usual, some Professors like Severus Snape frequently suggested for some students to be suspended for reasons that they think are justifiable.

ExpulsionEdit

"Be warned, Potter — any more nighttime wanderings and I will personally make sure you are expelled."
—One of Severus Snape's many threats to Harry Potter[src]
Order Of The Phoenix Howler
Harry receiving a letter claiming that he is expelled, before it was retracted.
SnapeFan1Added by SnapeFan1

To be expelled from Hogwarts is the final and worst punishment given to the students. The rule-breaking they committed is usually severe enough to have injured others. The student is removed permanently from school, and is forbidden from practising magic any further. After expulsion, the Ministry of Magic confiscates one's wand and destroys it.

There are other reasons for expulsion. Under the International Statute of Wizarding Secrecy and Decree for the Reasonable Restriction of Underage Sorcery, for underage wizards and witches, if they perform magic outside of school, especially in front of Muggles, they are given one warning letter. A second offence may result in a disciplinary hearing or expulsion. There are exceptions, though: if the situation is serious enough to threaten the student in question or anyone within the vicinity, or if granted permission by a high-authority figure, he or she has permission to perform magic.

The Ministry does not have the authority to punish students for misdeamenours within school unless it directly transgresses any Educational Decrees, nor may it expel any students and confiscate wands unless charges are successfully proven.

Under the tenure of Professor Dolores Umbridge as High Inquisitor, Educational Decrees 24 and 27 were passed, both of which would lead to students being expelled if they dare start an unauthorised organisation and carry The Quibbler inside school, respectively.

Rubeus Hagrid was the only known student to have been expelled, in his third year, for a crime that he did not commit (he was framed by Tom Riddle). Over fifty years later, his name was cleared by Harry Potter, Ron Weasley and Hermione Granger, who uncovered all the truth about the Chamber of Secrets.

Harry Potter was many times close to being expelled, mainly by Professors Severus Snape and Dolores Umbridge. However, thanks to quick thinking and help from more fair teachers, he was saved from these situations. Once, when Harry produced a Patronus out of school, to save his life and that of his cousin, Dudley Dursley, from a pair of Dementors sent by Umbridge, Harry received an expulsion notice for performing underage magic, and in front of a muggle, stating that his wand would be confiscated and destroyed. However, this expulsion was later retracted and changed to a disciplinary hearing, at which Harry was found not guilty.

Severus Snape once claimed to Bellatrix Lestrange that he had done his utmost have Harry thrown out of Hogwarts, "where I believe he scarcely belongs", though to what degree this is actually true is uncertain, given his secret loyalty to Albus Dumbledore.[2]

Other forms of disciplineEdit

At various times, a number of other types of punishments have been employed at Hogwarts, sometimes authorised, sometimes not. Argus Filch stated that it was "a pity they let the old punishments die out," such as hanging students from their wrists for a few days.

TransfigurationEdit

Bartemius Crouch Jr., impersonating Alastor Moody, once transfigured Draco Malfoy into a ferret, though the transfiguration was quickly undone by Minerva McGonagall, who warned him that "We never use transfiguration as a punishment."

Physical painEdit

"Approval for Whipping... Approval for Whipping... I can do it at last... they've had it coming to them for years..."
—Argus Filch, overjoyed at the idea of being allowed to whip Fred and George Weasley[src]

When Albus Dumbledore was headmaster, inflicting pain on students was not authorized. Upon seeing Dolores Umbridge shake Marietta Edgecombe very hard, he was visibly angry and magically forced Umbridge to release her saying, "I cannot allow you to manhandle my students, Delores." Immediately thereafter Fudge threatened him with arrest, forcing him to depart his office (and likely the school) temporarily.

Previously some of Umbridge's detentions had students write lines with a blood quill that cut the back of their own hand and used their blood as ink. Upon discovering Harry was being subjected to this, Ron said, "Go to McGonagall, say something!" but Harry did not. Lee Jordan also experienced the blood quill. It is unknown if this punishment was brought to the attention of a Head of House or the Headmaster.

In 1996 as a Ministry-appointed Headmistress, Umbridge might still have not been authorized to inflict pain as a punishment, perhaps due to rules set down by the Hogwarts governors, which could only be overridden by the Ministry's educational decrees. Filch said to Harry, "You filthy little beasts would never have dropped Stinkpellets if you'd known I had it in my power to whip you raw,...if I could've strung you up by the ankles in my office, would they? But when Educational Decree Number Twenty-nine comes in,... I'll be allowed to do them things...."

Soon thereafter, Filch is seen entering Umbridge's office to get forms to allow him to administer whipping as a punishment. Argus Filch attempted to administer this punishment on Fred and George Weasley, but they flew away before he could do so. He later prowled the corridors of the school with his whip in hand, but there were so many miscreants that he didn't know which way to turn, so it is uncertain if he was able to ever administer this punishment. Educational Decree Number Twenty-Nine would have possibly allowed even more gruesome punishments, but it was never actually passed. Upon Umbridge's removal and Dumbledore's return, these punishments or threats of punishments ceased.

During the Death Eaters' takeover of the school in the 1997-1998 school year, the Cruciatus Curse was used on students placed in detention and other severe forms of punishment were used, mainly by Amycus and Alecto Carrow, who were placed in charge of all discipline; their cruelty made Umbridge look tame.

In charge of disciplineEdit

Discipline at Hogwarts is enforced by a variety of people. Depending on their position within the hierarchy, they can hand out different kinds of punishment.

  • The Hogwarts caretaker can suggest to teachers, Heads of House, or the Headmaster to put students in detention. He can do so verbally or by using a form. He cannot hand out detention himself or dock house points.
  • Prefects can dock house points from all students except other prefects and the Head Boy or Head Girl. According to Hermione Granger, a prefect can also put students in detention.
  • The Head Boy and Head Girl have the same powers as prefects, but in addition they can dock points from prefects.
  • All Hogwarts teachers can deduct house points from students and can put any student in detention.
  • The Heads of House in addition can expel a student of their house.
  • Dolores Umbridge, the first and only High Inquisitor, had the full authority to invoke or alter any punishment, and once she became Headmaster, gained the full privileges and authority of that rank.
  • The Headmaster can use all of the authorized punishments listed above, but can also revoke any punishment handed out. Apparently, any expulsion needs to be confirmed by the Headmaster before the student gets expelled.
  • The Ministry of Magic has no right to punish students for their wrongdoings in school, nor do they have the right to expel students and confiscate wands unless charges have been successfully proven and passed.

AppearancesEdit

Notes and referencesEdit

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