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{{Wonderbookold}}
 
{{Wonderbookold}}
 
{{Pottermoreold}}
 
{{Pottermoreold}}
{{Spell_infobox
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{{Spell infobox
 
|name=Disarming Charm
 
|name=Disarming Charm
|image=[[File:DH_-_Voldemort_VS._Harry_Final_Duel_02.jpg|250px]]
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|image=[[File:disarm.gif|250px]]
|incantation=''Expelliarmus''
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|incantation=''Expelliarmus''<br/>(ex-PELL-ee-ARE-muss)
|pronunciation=ex-PELL-ee-ARE-muss
 
 
|type=[[Charm]]
 
|type=[[Charm]]
|hand=Point wand at target<ref name="CoS11"/>
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|hand=[[File:Disarming-charm.png]]
 
|light=Scarlet<ref name="CoS11"/>
 
|light=Scarlet<ref name="CoS11"/>
|effect=Forces an opponent to release whatever they are holding, in most cases a wand<ref name="CoS11"/>
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|effect=Disarms an opponent<ref name="pottermore">''[[Pottermore]]''</ref>
  +
|creator=[[Elizabeth Smudgling]] (c.[[1379]])<ref>''[[Wonderbook: Book of Spells]]''</ref>
 
}}
 
}}
{{Quote|That was a Disarming Charm - as you see, I've lost [[Gilderoy Lockhart's wand|my wand]] - ah, thank you, [[Lavender Brown|Miss Brown]]. Yes, an excellent idea to show them that, [[Professor]] [[Severus Snape|Snape]], but if you don't mind my saying so, it was very obvious what you were about to do. If I had wanted to [[Shield Charm|stop]] you it would have been only too easy. However, I felt it would be instructive to let them see...|[[Professor]] [[Gilderoy Lockhart]] [[Defence Against the Dark Arts|teaching]] his [[Second year|second-year]] class about this [[charm]]|Harry Potter and the Chamber of Secrets}}
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{{Quote|The Disarming Charm lies at the heart of a good [[dueling]] technique. It allows the duelist to rebound an opponent's spell in the hope that the rebounded spell will strike the opponent and leave him or her vulnerable to further attack.|[[Miranda Goshawk]]|Harry Potter and the Chamber of Secrets (video game)}}
The '''Disarming Charm''' (''Expelliarmus'') was a defensive [[charm]] which forced the victim to release whatever they were holding at the time, and sometimes block spells, usually against his or her will. It is common to see this [[spell]] used in [[duel]]s, to make an opponent release their [[wand]].<ref name="CoS11"/>
+
The '''Disarming Charm''',<ref name="CoS11" /> also known as the '''Expelliarmus Spell'''<ref name="POAVG">{{POAVG}}</ref> or '''Disarming Spell'''<ref name="COSVG">{{COSVG}}</ref> (''Expelliarmus'') was a defensive [[charm]] which forced the victim to release whatever they were holding at the time. It is common to see this [[spell]] used in [[duel]]s, to make an opponent release their [[wand]].<ref name="CoS11" />
   
 
==History==
 
==History==
It is not known precisely who created the Disarming Charm, though it is known that it was not very popular until [[1379]], when [[Elizabeth Smudgling]] - the most likely [[Spell creation|inventor]] in the [[Book of Spells|opinion]] of [[Miranda Goshawk]] - used it in a duelling contest in Dartmoor.<ref name="WON">''[[Wonderbook: Book of Spells]]'' (See [http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=bsuo7ZeE3Bw this video]) (00:20 - 15:20)</ref>
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It is not known precisely who created the Disarming Charm. Some [[wizardkind|wizarding]] historians claim that it may have been invented by [[Merlin]] himself, others claim that its first widespread use was in [[Madagascar]] in the [[11th century]].<ref name="WON" /> Even if any of this is true, the fact remains that it was not very popular until [[1379]], when [[Elizabeth Smudgling]] the most likely [[Spell creation|inventor]], in the [[Book of Spells|opinion]] of [[Miranda Goshawk]] used it in a duelling contest in Dartmoor.<ref name="WON">''[[Wonderbook: Book of Spells]]'' (See [http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=bsuo7ZeE3Bw this video]) (00:20 - 15:20)</ref>
==Practicioners==
+
{{Quote|They made the most of the last few hours in which they were allowed to do magic before the holidays...and practised disarming each other by magic. Harry was getting very good at it.|[[Fred Weasley|Fred]], [[George Weasley|George]], [[Harry Potter|Harry]], [[Hermione Granger|Hermione]] and [[Ronald Weasley|Ron]]'s last few hours before they return home for the holidays|Harry Potter and the Chamber of Secrets}}
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It became [[Harry Potter]]'s signature spell, and it notably caused the death of [[Tom Riddle|Lord Voldemort]] during the [[Battle of Hogwarts]] by rebounding his [[Killing Curse]].
*[[Albus Dumbledore]]<ref name="DH33">''[[Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows]]'' (''Chapter 33 - The Prince's Tale'') (pg. 543 UK edition)</ref>.
+
*[[Draco Malfoy]]<ref name="HBP27">''[[Harry Potter and the Half-Blood Prince]]'' (''Chapter 27 - The Lightning Struck Tower'') (pg. 584 US edition)</ref>.
 
*[[Elizabeth Smudgling]]<ref name="WON"/>.
 
*[[Fred Weasley]]<ref name="CoS19">''[[Harry Potter and the Chamber of Secrets]]'' (''Chapter 18 - Dobby's Reward'') (pg. 250 UK edition)</ref>.
 
*[[George Weasley]]<ref name="CoS19"/>.
 
*[[Ginevra Weasley|Ginny Weasley]]<ref name="CoS19"/>.
 
*[[Harry Potter]]<ref name="CoS13">''[[Harry Potter and the Chamber of Secrets]]'' (''Chapter 13 - The Very Secret Diary'') (pg. 178 UK edition)</ref>.
 
*[[Hermione Granger]]<ref name="CoS19"/>.
 
*[[Severus Snape]]<ref name="CoS11">''[[Harry Potter and the Chamber of Secrets]]'' (''Chapter 11 - The Duelling Club'') (pg. 142 UK edition)</ref>.
 
*Many other duelists.
 
==Appearance==
 
The Disarming Charm always appears as a jet of red light; indeed, this is one of the things that makes it recognisable before the effects of the charm are seen.
 
 
==Effects==
 
==Effects==
The Disarming Charm causes whatever an opponent is holding at the time - usually a wand - to fly high out of their reach; and can also be used to block spells, however, more enthusiastic casts can result in the victim of the charm being knocked unconscious in a similar manner to the Stunning Spell. If done too weakly, however, it will merely blow them back a few paces, or make their hair stand on end. If one mispronounces the spell's incantation as ''[[Expellimellius]]'', the victim's sleeves will be set aflame.
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{{Quote|"That was a Disarming Charm as you see, I've lost my wand.|[[Gilderoy Lockhart]]|Harry Potter and the Chamber of Secrets}}
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  +
[[File:Tumblr n4pfx79HAy1qzv627o1 250.gif|thumb|Harry casting a powerful disarming charm indicated by the scarlet jet of light|left|245x245px]]
  +
  +
The Disarming Charm causes whatever an opponent is holding at the time — usually a wand — to fly high out of their reach.
  +
  +
The Disarming Charm always appears as a jet of red light; indeed, this is one of the things that makes it recognisable before the effects of the charm are seen. However the intensity of the light appears to correspond to the strength of the spell as a weak/moderate one creates a small flash of white light whereas a more powerful version manifests as a bright jet of scarlet light.
  +
  +
==Uses and practitioners==
  +
{{Quote|They made the most of the last few hours in which they were allowed to do magic before the holidays...and practised disarming each other by magic. Harry was getting very good at it.|[[Fred Weasley|Fred]], [[George Weasley|George]], [[Harry Potter|Harry]], [[Hermione Granger|Hermione]] and [[Ronald Weasley|Ron]]'s last few hours before they return home for the holidays|Harry Potter and the Chamber of Secrets}}
  +
  +
*[[Albus Dumbledore]] used this spell to disarm [[Severus Snape]].<ref name="DH33">''[[Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows]]'' (''Chapter 33 - The Prince's Tale'') (pg. 543 UK edition)</ref>
  +
*[[Draco Malfoy]] used this spell to disarm Albus Dumbledore during the [[Battle of the Astronomy Tower]] before fleeing with Snape and the other Death Eaters.<ref name="HBP27">''[[Harry Potter and the Half-Blood Prince]]'' (''Chapter 27 - The Lightning Struck Tower'') (pg. 584 US edition)</ref>
  +
*In 1379, [[Elizabeth Smudgling]] used it in a duelling contest in Dartmoor.<ref name="WON" />
  +
*At the end of his fourth year, [[Fred Weasley]] practiced this spell along with; George, Harry, Hermione, and Ron before the start of summer holiday.<ref name="CoS19">''[[Harry Potter and the Chamber of Secrets]]'' (''Chapter 18 - Dobby's Reward'') (pg. 250 UK edition)</ref>
  +
*[[George Weasley]] at the end of his fourth year in 1993 practiced this spell along with; Fred, Harry, Hermione, and Ron before the start of summer holiday.<ref name="CoS19" />
  +
*[[Ginevra Weasley|Ginny Weasley]] used this spell at the end of her first year in 1993.<ref name="CoS19" />
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[[File:Tumblr_n4afunNcf51qg4gkko2_250.gif|frame|Severus Snape using Expelliarmus]]
  +
*In 1992, [[Severus Snape]] taught this spell to the [[Duelling Club]] on 17 December in the [[Great Hall]].<ref name="CoS11">''[[Harry Potter and the Chamber of Secrets]]'' (''Chapter 11 - The Duelling Club'') (pg. 142 UK edition)</ref>
  +
*[[Harry Potter]] used this spell on many different occasions. He used it twice during his second year first; to get [[Tom Riddle's Diary]] back from Malfoy who mistook it for Harry's own diary and at the end of the year before summer holiday.<ref name="CoS13">''[[Harry Potter and the Chamber of Secrets]]'' (''Chapter 13 - The Very Secret Diary'') (pg. 178 UK edition)</ref> In his third year he used it aginst Snape inside the [[Shrieking Shack]]. In 1995 he used this spell while duelling [[Voldemort ]]in [[Little Hangleton]], which resulted in [[Priori Incantatem]]. In his fifth year this is one of the spells Harry taught [[Dumbledore's Army]] he had them practice it in pairs. He also used this spell during the [[1997-1998 school year]]; he disarmed [[Stan Shunpike]] during the [[Battle of the Seven Potters]], used it against Goyle during the [[Skirmish in the room of requirement]], and to kill Voldemort by rebounding his [[Killing Curse]].
  +
*[[Hermione Granger]] used this spell at the end of her second year along with; Fred, George, Harry, and Ron before summer holiday.<ref name="CoS19" /> In her third year she used this spell against Severus Snape in the Shrieking Shack along with Harry and Ron. She also used this spell to disarm [[Mundungus Fletcher]] in 1998 during the hunt for Horcruxs.<ref name="DH11">{{DH}} - Chapter 11 (''The Bribe'')</ref>
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*[[Ron Weasley]] practiced this spell at the end of his second year and used it during his third to disarm Severus Snape in the Shrieking Shack. During the [[Skirmish at Malfoy Manor]], Ron disarmed [[Bellatrix Lestrange]] with the spell.
  +
*[[Neville Longbottom]] used this spell during the [[Battle of the Department of Mysteries]] to disarm a Death Eater, accidentally also disarming Harry.
   
 
==Priori Incantatem==
 
==Priori Incantatem==
If two wands with the same core are forced to do battle with each other, the effect is a magical connection called [[Priori Incantatem]]. All three of the times Priori Incantatem occured between [[Tom Riddle|Lord Voldemort]] and [[Harry Potter]], the latter was using the Disarming Charm. Indeed, in the final fight between Voldemort and Harry it was the Disarming Charm that allowed Harry to win.
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[[File:Voldemort-Harry_1st_duel_(Concept_Artwork_for_the_HP4_film).jpg|thumb|242px|A powerful [[Priori Incantatem]] between Disarming Charm (Harry Potter) and [[Killing Curse]] ([[Lord Voldemort]]).]]
  +
If two wands with the same core are forced to do battle with each other, the effect is a magical connection called [[Priori Incantatem]]. When Priori Incantatem occurred between [[Tom Riddle|Lord Voldemort]] and [[Harry Potter]], the latter was using the Disarming Charm, a much weaker spell than the former.
  +
 
==Etymology==
 
==Etymology==
 
English ''expel'', meaning "remove" and Latin ''arma'', meaning "weapon" or "the weapon".
 
English ''expel'', meaning "remove" and Latin ''arma'', meaning "weapon" or "the weapon".
  +
 
==Behind the scenes==
 
==Behind the scenes==
 
{{Quote|Then a blinding, jagged jet of white light flew through the air: Harry thought of lightning, but Snape had dropped to his knees and his wand had flown out of his hand|Dumbledore's use on Snape|Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows}}
 
{{Quote|Then a blinding, jagged jet of white light flew through the air: Harry thought of lightning, but Snape had dropped to his knees and his wand had flown out of his hand|Dumbledore's use on Snape|Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows}}
*This is the signature spell of Harry Potter.
+
*This is the [[signature spell]] of Harry Potter.
  +
*In the films only when a witch or wizard is locked in the Priori Incantatem is the spell scarlet. When not locked in combat it's always just a blue or white flash that will either connect with the target's hand and force the wand out of their hand or will blast them off their feet, sometimes unconcious.
 
*When [[Albus Dumbledore|Dumbledore]] used this on [[Severus Snape|Snape]], it appeared as white lightning, and hence was probably a variation of it rather than the spell itself, or else an entirely different disarming spell.
 
*When [[Albus Dumbledore|Dumbledore]] used this on [[Severus Snape|Snape]], it appeared as white lightning, and hence was probably a variation of it rather than the spell itself, or else an entirely different disarming spell.
 
*The [[charm]] is described in ''[[The Standard Book of Spells, Grade 2]]'', and has [[Expelliarmus spellbook|a spellbook]] purely for itself.
 
*The [[charm]] is described in ''[[The Standard Book of Spells, Grade 2]]'', and has [[Expelliarmus spellbook|a spellbook]] purely for itself.
 
*In the second film, it appears as a golden ring; from the fifth film onward it was a ball of blue light.
 
*In the second film, it appears as a golden ring; from the fifth film onward it was a ball of blue light.
*In the video games, the Disarming Charm worked rather like a Shield Charm, rebounding an opponent's spells upon them.
+
*In the video games, mainly he console versions of the [[Harry Potter and the Philosopher's Stone (video game)|first]] and [[Harry Potter and the Chamber of Secrets (video game)|second]] games, the Disarming Charm worked rather like a Shield Charm, rebounding an opponent's spells upon them. This is actually also the describing of the spell in the [[The Standard Book of Spells]] series. This was mainly due to the lack of being able to disarm in past video games.
*The Disarming Charm is mentioned on [[Wikipedia:Doctor Who|Doctor Who]], when Shakespeare uses it to conclude a formula used to banish the villains from earth.
+
**However, the spell returned to its more offensive use by the ''[[Harry Potter and the Order of the Phoenix (video game)|Order of the Phoenix game]]'', though the GBC version of the [[Harry Potter and the Chamber of Secrets (video game)|Chamber of Secrets game]] also follows this scheme.
*''[[Wonderbook: Book of Spells]]'' describes the wand motion as a sharp slash from left to right; however, ''[[Pottermore]]'' shows the hand motion to be thus:<br />[[File:Disarming-charm.png]]
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**Also in the console version of the [[Harry Potter and the Chamber of Secrets (video game)|second game]], it's possible to catch and deflect spells not only cast by [[Prefect|prefects]] in the PS2 version, but it's also possible to do so on one's own backfired spell. This only works on [[Flipendo]] and [[Incendio]] however, as the other projectile spells will pass through. In the case of the former, it moves rather fast so tight timing to activate the charm is needed.
  +
*The Disarming Charm is referenced on [[Wikipedia:Doctor Who|Doctor Who]], when Shakespeare uses it to conclude a formula used to banish the villains from earth. The Doctor (played by [[David Tennant]]) smiles after the villains are beaten and says: "Good old [[J.K.Rowling|J.K.]]", referencing the author of the ''Harry Potter ''series.
  +
 
==Appearances==
 
==Appearances==
 
*''[[Harry Potter and the Chamber of Secrets]]'' {{1st}}
 
*''[[Harry Potter and the Chamber of Secrets]]'' {{1st}}
Line 40: Line 41:
 
*''[[Harry Potter and the Prisoner of Azkaban]]''
 
*''[[Harry Potter and the Prisoner of Azkaban]]''
 
*''[[Harry Potter and the Prisoner of Azkaban (film)]]''
 
*''[[Harry Potter and the Prisoner of Azkaban (film)]]''
  +
*''[[Harry Potter and the Prisoner of Azkaban (video game)]]''
 
*''[[Harry Potter and the Goblet of Fire]]''
 
*''[[Harry Potter and the Goblet of Fire]]''
 
*''[[Harry Potter and the Goblet of Fire (film)]]''
 
*''[[Harry Potter and the Goblet of Fire (film)]]''
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*''[[Wonderbook: Book of Spells]]''
 
*''[[Wonderbook: Book of Spells]]''
 
*''[[Harry Potter for Kinect]]''
 
*''[[Harry Potter for Kinect]]''
  +
 
==Notes and references==
 
==Notes and references==
 
{{Reflist}}
 
{{Reflist}}
Line 72: Line 75:
 
[[Category:Charms]]
 
[[Category:Charms]]
 
[[Category:Spells]]
 
[[Category:Spells]]
  +
[[Category:Spells of known incantation]]

Latest revision as of 04:59, October 16, 2014

Disarm
Disarming Charm
Incantation

Expelliarmus
(ex-PELL-ee-ARE-muss)

Type

Charm

Hand Movement

Disarming-charm

Light

Scarlet[1]

Effect

Disarms an opponent[2]

Creator

Elizabeth Smudgling (c.1379)[3]

"The Disarming Charm lies at the heart of a good dueling technique. It allows the duelist to rebound an opponent's spell in the hope that the rebounded spell will strike the opponent and leave him or her vulnerable to further attack."
Miranda Goshawk[src]

The Disarming Charm,[1] also known as the Expelliarmus Spell[4] or Disarming Spell[5] (Expelliarmus) was a defensive charm which forced the victim to release whatever they were holding at the time. It is common to see this spell used in duels, to make an opponent release their wand.[1]

HistoryEdit

It is not known precisely who created the Disarming Charm. Some wizarding historians claim that it may have been invented by Merlin himself, others claim that its first widespread use was in Madagascar in the 11th century.[6] Even if any of this is true, the fact remains that it was not very popular until 1379, when Elizabeth Smudgling — the most likely inventor, in the opinion of Miranda Goshawk — used it in a duelling contest in Dartmoor.[6]

It became Harry Potter's signature spell, and it notably caused the death of Lord Voldemort during the Battle of Hogwarts by rebounding his Killing Curse.

EffectsEdit

""That was a Disarming Charm — as you see, I've lost my wand."
Gilderoy Lockhart[src]
Tumblr n4pfx79HAy1qzv627o1 250

Harry casting a powerful disarming charm indicated by the scarlet jet of light

The Disarming Charm causes whatever an opponent is holding at the time — usually a wand — to fly high out of their reach.

The Disarming Charm always appears as a jet of red light; indeed, this is one of the things that makes it recognisable before the effects of the charm are seen. However the intensity of the light appears to correspond to the strength of the spell as a weak/moderate one creates a small flash of white light whereas a more powerful version manifests as a bright jet of scarlet light.

Uses and practitionersEdit

"They made the most of the last few hours in which they were allowed to do magic before the holidays...and practised disarming each other by magic. Harry was getting very good at it."
Fred, George, Harry, Hermione and Ron's last few hours before they return home for the holidays[src]
Tumblr n4afunNcf51qg4gkko2 250

Severus Snape using Expelliarmus

Priori IncantatemEdit

Voldemort-Harry 1st duel (Concept Artwork for the HP4 film)

A powerful Priori Incantatem between Disarming Charm (Harry Potter) and Killing Curse (Lord Voldemort).

If two wands with the same core are forced to do battle with each other, the effect is a magical connection called Priori Incantatem. When Priori Incantatem occurred between Lord Voldemort and Harry Potter, the latter was using the Disarming Charm, a much weaker spell than the former.

EtymologyEdit

English expel, meaning "remove" and Latin arma, meaning "weapon" or "the weapon".

Behind the scenesEdit

"Then a blinding, jagged jet of white light flew through the air: Harry thought of lightning, but Snape had dropped to his knees and his wand had flown out of his hand"
—Dumbledore's use on Snape[src]
  • This is the signature spell of Harry Potter.
  • In the films only when a witch or wizard is locked in the Priori Incantatem is the spell scarlet. When not locked in combat it's always just a blue or white flash that will either connect with the target's hand and force the wand out of their hand or will blast them off their feet, sometimes unconcious.
  • When Dumbledore used this on Snape, it appeared as white lightning, and hence was probably a variation of it rather than the spell itself, or else an entirely different disarming spell.
  • The charm is described in The Standard Book of Spells, Grade 2, and has a spellbook purely for itself.
  • In the second film, it appears as a golden ring; from the fifth film onward it was a ball of blue light.
  • In the video games, mainly he console versions of the first and second games, the Disarming Charm worked rather like a Shield Charm, rebounding an opponent's spells upon them. This is actually also the describing of the spell in the The Standard Book of Spells series. This was mainly due to the lack of being able to disarm in past video games.
    • However, the spell returned to its more offensive use by the Order of the Phoenix game, though the GBC version of the Chamber of Secrets game also follows this scheme.
    • Also in the console version of the second game, it's possible to catch and deflect spells not only cast by prefects in the PS2 version, but it's also possible to do so on one's own backfired spell. This only works on Flipendo and Incendio however, as the other projectile spells will pass through. In the case of the former, it moves rather fast so tight timing to activate the charm is needed.
  • The Disarming Charm is referenced on Doctor Who, when Shakespeare uses it to conclude a formula used to banish the villains from earth. The Doctor (played by David Tennant) smiles after the villains are beaten and says: "Good old J.K.", referencing the author of the Harry Potter series.

AppearancesEdit

Notes and referencesEdit

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 Harry Potter and the Chamber of Secrets (Chapter 11 - The Duelling Club) (pg. 142 UK edition)
  2. Pottermore
  3. Wonderbook: Book of Spells
  4. Harry Potter and the Prisoner of Azkaban (video game)
  5. Harry Potter and the Chamber of Secrets (video game)
  6. 6.0 6.1 6.2 Wonderbook: Book of Spells (See this video) (00:20 - 15:20)
  7. Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows (Chapter 33 - The Prince's Tale) (pg. 543 UK edition)
  8. Harry Potter and the Half-Blood Prince (Chapter 27 - The Lightning Struck Tower) (pg. 584 US edition)
  9. 9.0 9.1 9.2 9.3 Harry Potter and the Chamber of Secrets (Chapter 18 - Dobby's Reward) (pg. 250 UK edition)
  10. Harry Potter and the Chamber of Secrets (Chapter 13 - The Very Secret Diary) (pg. 178 UK edition)
  11. Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows - Chapter 11 (The Bribe)


The Standard Book of Spells
Books: The Standard Book of Spells, Grade 1 · The Standard Book of Spells, Grade 2 · The Standard Book of Spells, Grade 3 · The Standard Book of Spells, Grade 4 · The Standard Book of Spells, Grade 5 · The Standard Book of Spells, Grade 6
Charms included in the series: Fire-Making Spell · Levitation Charm · Locking Spell · Mending Charm · Softening Charm · Severing Charm · Unlocking Charm · Dancing Feet Spell · Disarming Charm · Engorgement Charm · Freezing Charm · General Counter-Spell · Memory Charm · Tickling Charm · Summoning Charm · Banishing Charm · Substantive Charm

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