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{{Wonderbook}}
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{{Wonderbookold}}
 
{{Pottermoreold}}
 
{{Pottermoreold}}
{{Spell_infobox
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{{Spell infobox
 
|name=Disarming Charm
 
|name=Disarming Charm
|image=[[File:DH_-_Voldemort_VS._Harry_Final_Duel_02.jpg|250px]]
+
|image=[[File:DH - Voldemort VS. Harry Final Duel 02.jpg|250px]]
|incantation=''Expelliarmus''<br/>ex-PELL-ee-ARE-muss
+
|incantation=''Expelliarmus''<br/>(ex-PELL-ee-ARE-muss)
 
|type=[[Charm]]
 
|type=[[Charm]]
|hand=Point wand at target<ref name="CoS11"/>
+
|hand=[[File:Disarming-charm.png]]
 
|light=Scarlet<ref name="CoS11"/>
 
|light=Scarlet<ref name="CoS11"/>
|effect=Forces an opponent to release whatever they are holding<ref name="CoS11"/>
+
|effect=Disarms an opponent<ref name="pottermore">''[[Pottermore]]''</ref>
  +
|creator=[[Elizabeth Smudgling]] (c.[[1379]])<ref>''[[Wonderbook: Book of Spells]]''</ref>
 
}}
 
}}
{{Quote|That was a Disarming Charm - as you see, I've lost [[Gilderoy Lockhart's wand|my wand]] - ah, thank you, [[Lavender Brown|Miss Brown]]. Yes, an excellent idea to show them that, [[Professor]] [[Severus Snape|Snape]], but if you don't mind my saying so, it was very obvious what you were about to do. If I had wanted to [[Shield Charm|stop]] you it would have been only too easy. However, I felt it would be instructive to let them see...|[[Professor]] [[Gilderoy Lockhart]] [[Defence Against the Dark Arts|teaching]] his [[Second year|second-year]] class about this [[charm]]|Harry Potter and the Chamber of Secrets}}
+
{{Quote|The Disarming Charm lies at the heart of a good [[dueling]] technique. It allows the duelist to rebound an opponent's spell in the hope that the rebounded spell will strike the opponent and leave him or her vulnerable to further attack.|[[Miranda Goshawk]]|Harry Potter and the Chamber of Secrets (video game)}}
The '''Disarming Charm''' (''Expelliarmus'') was a defensive [[charm]] which forced the victim to release whatever they were holding at the time, usually against his or her will. It is common to see this [[spell]] used in [[duel]]s, to make an opponent release their [[wand]].<ref name="CoS11"/>
+
The '''Disarming Charm''',<ref name="CoS11"/> also known as the '''Expelliarmus Spell'''<ref name="POAVG">{{POAVG}}</ref> or '''Disarming Spell'''<ref name="COSVG">{{COSVG}}</ref> (''Expelliarmus'') was a defensive [[charm]] which forced the victim to release whatever they were holding at the time. It is common to see this [[spell]] used in [[duel]]s, to make an opponent release their [[wand]].<ref name="CoS11"/> It can also be used to rebound an wizard's spell in the hopes of striking the opponent with said rebounded spell.
   
 
==History==
 
==History==
It is not known precisely who created the Disarming Charm, though it is known that it was not very popular until [[1379]], when [[Elizabeth Smudgling]] - the most likely [[Spell creation|inventor]] in the [[Book of Spells|opinion]] of [[Miranda Goshawk]] - used it in a duelling contest in Dartmoor.<ref name="WON">''[[Wonderbook: Book of Spells]]'' (See [http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=bsuo7ZeE3Bw this video]) (00:20 - 15:20)</ref>
+
It is not known precisely who created the Disarming Charm. Some [[wizardkind|wizarding]] historians claim that it may have been invented by [[Merlin]] himself, others claim that its first widespread use was in [[Madagascar]] in the [[11th century]].<ref name="WON"/> Even if any of this is true, the fact remains that it was not very popular until [[1379]], when [[Elizabeth Smudgling]] the most likely [[Spell creation|inventor]] in the [[Book of Spells|opinion]] of [[Miranda Goshawk]] used it in a duelling contest in Dartmoor.<ref name="WON">''[[Wonderbook: Book of Spells]]'' (See [http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=bsuo7ZeE3Bw this video]) (00:20 - 15:20)</ref> It became [[Harry Potter]]'s signature spell and he notably used it to kill [[Tom Riddle|Lord Voldemort]] during the [[Battle of Hogwarts]] by rebounding his [[Killing Curse]].
==Practicioners==
+
  +
==Known uses and practitioners==
 
{{Quote|They made the most of the last few hours in which they were allowed to do magic before the holidays...and practised disarming each other by magic. Harry was getting very good at it.|[[Fred Weasley|Fred]], [[George Weasley|George]], [[Harry Potter|Harry]], [[Hermione Granger|Hermione]] and [[Ronald Weasley|Ron]]'s last few hours before they return home for the holidays|Harry Potter and the Chamber of Secrets}}
 
{{Quote|They made the most of the last few hours in which they were allowed to do magic before the holidays...and practised disarming each other by magic. Harry was getting very good at it.|[[Fred Weasley|Fred]], [[George Weasley|George]], [[Harry Potter|Harry]], [[Hermione Granger|Hermione]] and [[Ronald Weasley|Ron]]'s last few hours before they return home for the holidays|Harry Potter and the Chamber of Secrets}}
*[[Albus Dumbledore]]<ref name="DH33">''[[Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows]]'' (''Chapter 33 - The Prince's Tale'') (pg. 543 UK edition)</ref>.
+
*[[Draco Malfoy]]<ref name="HBP27">''[[Harry Potter and the Half-Blood Prince]]'' (''Chapter 27 - The Lightning Struck Tower'') (pg. 584 US edition)</ref>.
+
[[File:Expelliarmus..jpg|thumb|left|225px|Severus Snape using Expelliarmus]]
*[[Elizabeth Smudgling]]<ref name="WON"/>.
+
*[[Albus Dumbledore]] used this spell to disarm [[Severus Snape]] . <ref name="DH33">''[[Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows]]'' (''Chapter 33 - The Prince's Tale'') (pg. 543 UK edition)</ref>
*[[Fred Weasley]]<ref name="CoS19">''[[Harry Potter and the Chamber of Secrets]]'' (''Chapter 18 - Dobby's Reward'') (pg. 250 UK edition)</ref>.
+
*[[Draco Malfoy]] used this spell in 1997 to disarm Albus Dumbledore during the [[Battle of the Astronomy Tower]] before fleeing with Snape and the other Death Eaters.<ref name="HBP27">''[[Harry Potter and the Half-Blood Prince]]'' (''Chapter 27 - The Lightning Struck Tower'') (pg. 584 US edition)</ref>
*[[George Weasley]]<ref name="CoS19"/>.
+
*[[Elizabeth Smudgling]] in 1379 used it in a duelling contest in Dartmoor.<ref name="WON"/>
*[[Ginevra Weasley|Ginny Weasley]]<ref name="CoS19"/>.
+
*[[Fred Weasley]] at the end of his fourth year in 1993 practiced this spell along with; George, Harry, Hermione, and Ron before the start of summer holiday. <ref name="CoS19">''[[Harry Potter and the Chamber of Secrets]]'' (''Chapter 18 - Dobby's Reward'') (pg. 250 UK edition)</ref>
*[[Harry Potter]]<ref name="CoS13">''[[Harry Potter and the Chamber of Secrets]]'' (''Chapter 13 - The Very Secret Diary'') (pg. 178 UK edition)</ref>.
+
*[[George Weasley]] at the end of his fourth year in 1993 practiced this spell along with; Fred, Harry, Hermione, and Ron before the start of summer holiday.<ref name="CoS19"/>
*[[Hermione Granger]]<ref name="CoS19"/>.
+
*[[Ginevra Weasley|Ginny Weasley]] used this spell at the end of her first year in 1993.<ref name="CoS19"/>
*[[Severus Snape]]<ref name="CoS11">''[[Harry Potter and the Chamber of Secrets]]'' (''Chapter 11 - The Duelling Club'') (pg. 142 UK edition)</ref>.
+
*[[Harry Potter]] used this spell on many different occasions[[Second Wizarding War|.&nbsp;]]He used it twice during his second year first; to get [[Tom Riddle's Diary ]]back from Malfoy who mistook it for Harry's own diary and at the end of the year before summer holiday.<ref name="CoS13">''[[Harry Potter and the Chamber of Secrets]]'' (''Chapter 13 - The Very Secret Diary'') (pg. 178 UK edition)</ref>In his third year he used it aginst Snape inside the [[Shrieking Shack|Shrieking Shake]]. In 1995 he used this spell while duelling [[Voldemort ]]in [[Little Hangleton]], which resulted in [[Priori Incantatem]]. In his fifth year this is one of the spells Harry taught [[Dumbledore's Army]] he had them practice it in pairs. He also used this spell during the [[1997-1998 school year]]; he disarmed [[Stan Shunpike]] during the [[Battle of the Seven Potters]], used it against Goyle during the [[Skirmish in the room of requirement|Skirmish in the room of requirement,]] and to kill Voldemort by rebounding his [[Killing Curse]].
*Many other duelists.
+
*[[Hermione Granger]] used this spell at the end of her second year along with; Fred, George, Harry, and Ron before summer holiday.<ref name="CoS19"/> In her third year she used this spell against Severus Snape in the Shrieking Shake along with Harry and Ron. She also used this spell to disarm [[Mundungus Fletcher]] in 1998 during the hunt for Horcruxs.<ref name= "DH11">{{DH}} - Chapter 11 (''The Bribe'')</ref>
  +
*[[Ron Weasley]] practiced this spell at the end of his second year and used it during his third to disarm Severus Snape in the Shrieking Shack.
  +
*In 1992[[Severus Snape| Severus Snape]] taught this spell to the [[Duelling Club]] on 17 December in the [[Great Hall]].<ref name="CoS11">''[[Harry Potter and the Chamber of Secrets]]'' (''Chapter 11 - The Duelling Club'') (pg. 142 UK edition)</ref>
  +
*[[Neville Longbottom]] uses this spell during the [[Battle of the Department of Mysteries |Battle of the Department of Mysteries]] to disarm a Death Eater and accidentally disarms both the Death Eater and Harry.
  +
*[[Dumbledore's Army]] (possibly)
  +
===Other practitioners===
  +
*Many other duelists
  +
 
==Appearance==
 
==Appearance==
The Disarming Charm always appears as a jet of red light; indeed, this is one of the things that makes it recognisable before the effects of the charm are seen.
+
[[File:Tumblr_lvfrlyEJDB1qf2ap3o2_r2_250.gif|frame|Harry casting a powerful disarming charm indicated by the scarlet jet of light]]
  +
The Disarming Charm always appears as a jet of red light; indeed, this is one of the things that makes it recognisable before the effects of the charm are seen. However the intensity of the light appears to correspond to the strength of the spell as a weak/moderate one creates a small flash of white light whereas a more powerful version manifests as a bright jet of scarlet light.
  +
 
==Effects==
 
==Effects==
The Disarming Charm causes whatever an opponent is holding at the time - usually a wand - to fly high out of their reach; however, more enthusiastic casts can result in the victim of the charm being knocked unconscious in a similar manner to the Stunning Spell. If done too weakly, however, it will merely blow them back a few paces, or make their hair stand on end. If one mispronounces the spell's incantation as ''[[Expellimellius]]'', the victim's sleeves will be set aflame.
+
The Disarming Charm causes whatever an opponent is holding at the time - usually a wand - to fly high out of their reach; and can also be used to block and rebound spells, however, more enthusiastic casts can result in the victim of the charm being knocked unconscious in a similar manner to the Stunning Spell. If done too weakly, however, it will merely blow them back a few paces, or make their hair stand on end. On account of this one could describe it as among the most versatile of spells as Remus Lupin was able to disarm multiple opponents with a single spell whilst [[Cedric Diggory]] was able to knock Krum unconscious.
  +
  +
If one mispronounces the spell's incantation, dependent on how it was mispronounced, another effect may take place. When Cho first mispronounced it as ''Expelliarmious'', seemingly nothing happened; when she uttered ''Expellimellius'', she set her friend [[Marietta Edgecombe]]'s sleeves [[Fire|aflame]].
  +
 
==Priori Incantatem==
 
==Priori Incantatem==
If two wands with the same core are forced to do battle with each other, the effect is a magical connection called [[Priori Incantatem]]. All three of the times Priori Incantatem occured between [[Tom Riddle|Lord Voldemort]] and [[Harry Potter]], the latter was using the Disarming Charm. Indeed, in the final fight between Voldemort and Harry it was the Disarming Charm that allowed Harry to win.
+
[[File:Voldemort-Harry_1st_duel_(Concept_Artwork_for_the_HP4_film).jpg|thumb|left|242px|A powerful [[Priori Incantatem]] between Disarming Charm (Harry Potter) and [[Killing Curse]] ([[Lord Voldemort]]).]]
  +
If two wands with the same core are forced to do battle with each other, the effect is a magical connection called [[Priori Incantatem]]. When Priori Incantatem occurred between [[Tom Riddle|Lord Voldemort]] and [[Harry Potter]], the latter was using the Disarming Charm.
  +
 
==Etymology==
 
==Etymology==
 
English ''expel'', meaning "remove" and Latin ''arma'', meaning "weapon" or "the weapon".
 
English ''expel'', meaning "remove" and Latin ''arma'', meaning "weapon" or "the weapon".
 
==Behind the scenes==
 
==Behind the scenes==
 
{{Quote|Then a blinding, jagged jet of white light flew through the air: Harry thought of lightning, but Snape had dropped to his knees and his wand had flown out of his hand|Dumbledore's use on Snape|Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows}}
 
{{Quote|Then a blinding, jagged jet of white light flew through the air: Harry thought of lightning, but Snape had dropped to his knees and his wand had flown out of his hand|Dumbledore's use on Snape|Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows}}
*This is the signature spell of Harry Potter.
+
*This is the [[signature spell]] of Harry Potter.
  +
*In the films only when a witch or wizard is locked in the Priori Incantatem is the spell scarlet. When not locked in combat it's always just a blue or white flash that will either connect with the target's hand and force the wand out of their hand or will blast them off their feet, sometimes unconcious.
 
*When [[Albus Dumbledore|Dumbledore]] used this on [[Severus Snape|Snape]], it appeared as white lightning, and hence was probably a variation of it rather than the spell itself, or else an entirely different disarming spell.
 
*When [[Albus Dumbledore|Dumbledore]] used this on [[Severus Snape|Snape]], it appeared as white lightning, and hence was probably a variation of it rather than the spell itself, or else an entirely different disarming spell.
 
*The [[charm]] is described in ''[[The Standard Book of Spells, Grade 2]]'', and has [[Expelliarmus spellbook|a spellbook]] purely for itself.
 
*The [[charm]] is described in ''[[The Standard Book of Spells, Grade 2]]'', and has [[Expelliarmus spellbook|a spellbook]] purely for itself.
 
*In the second film, it appears as a golden ring; from the fifth film onward it was a ball of blue light.
 
*In the second film, it appears as a golden ring; from the fifth film onward it was a ball of blue light.
*In the video games, the Disarming Charm worked rather like a Shield Charm, rebounding an opponent's spells upon them.
+
*In the video games, the Disarming Charm worked rather like a Shield Charm, rebounding an opponent's spells upon them. This is actually also the describing of the spell in the [[The Standard Book of Spells]] series.
*The Disarming Charm is mentioned on [[Wikipedia:Doctor Who|Doctor Who]], when Shakespeare uses it to conclude a formula used to banish the villains from earth.
+
*The Disarming Charm is referenced on [[Wikipedia:Doctor Who|Doctor Who]], when Shakespeare uses it to conclude a formula used to banish the villains from earth.
*''[[Wonderbook: Book of Spells]]'' describes the wand motion as a sharp slash from left to right; however, ''[[Pottermore]]'' shows the hand motion to be thus:<br />[[File:Disarming-charm.png]]
+
 
==Appearances==
 
==Appearances==
 
*''[[Harry Potter and the Chamber of Secrets]]'' {{1st}}
 
*''[[Harry Potter and the Chamber of Secrets]]'' {{1st}}
Line 50: Line 50:
 
*''[[Harry Potter and the Prisoner of Azkaban]]''
 
*''[[Harry Potter and the Prisoner of Azkaban]]''
 
*''[[Harry Potter and the Prisoner of Azkaban (film)]]''
 
*''[[Harry Potter and the Prisoner of Azkaban (film)]]''
  +
*''[[Harry Potter and the Prisoner of Azkaban (video game)]]''
 
*''[[Harry Potter and the Goblet of Fire]]''
 
*''[[Harry Potter and the Goblet of Fire]]''
 
*''[[Harry Potter and the Goblet of Fire (film)]]''
 
*''[[Harry Potter and the Goblet of Fire (film)]]''
Line 70: Line 71:
 
*''[[Wonderbook: Book of Spells]]''
 
*''[[Wonderbook: Book of Spells]]''
 
*''[[Harry Potter for Kinect]]''
 
*''[[Harry Potter for Kinect]]''
  +
 
==Notes and references==
 
==Notes and references==
 
{{Reflist}}
 
{{Reflist}}
Line 82: Line 84:
 
[[Category:Charms]]
 
[[Category:Charms]]
 
[[Category:Spells]]
 
[[Category:Spells]]
  +
[[Category:Spells of known incantation]]

Latest revision as of 21:57, April 3, 2014

DH - Voldemort VS. Harry Final Duel 02
Disarming Charm
Incantation

Expelliarmus
(ex-PELL-ee-ARE-muss)

Type

Charm

Hand Movement

Disarming-charm

Light

Scarlet[1]

Effect

Disarms an opponent[2]

Creator

Elizabeth Smudgling (c.1379)[3]

"The Disarming Charm lies at the heart of a good dueling technique. It allows the duelist to rebound an opponent's spell in the hope that the rebounded spell will strike the opponent and leave him or her vulnerable to further attack."
Miranda Goshawk[src]

The Disarming Charm,[1] also known as the Expelliarmus Spell[4] or Disarming Spell[5] (Expelliarmus) was a defensive charm which forced the victim to release whatever they were holding at the time. It is common to see this spell used in duels, to make an opponent release their wand.[1] It can also be used to rebound an wizard's spell in the hopes of striking the opponent with said rebounded spell.

HistoryEdit

It is not known precisely who created the Disarming Charm. Some wizarding historians claim that it may have been invented by Merlin himself, others claim that its first widespread use was in Madagascar in the 11th century.[6] Even if any of this is true, the fact remains that it was not very popular until 1379, when Elizabeth Smudgling — the most likely inventor in the opinion of Miranda Goshawk — used it in a duelling contest in Dartmoor.[6] It became Harry Potter's signature spell and he notably used it to kill Lord Voldemort during the Battle of Hogwarts by rebounding his Killing Curse.

Known uses and practitionersEdit

"They made the most of the last few hours in which they were allowed to do magic before the holidays...and practised disarming each other by magic. Harry was getting very good at it."
Fred, George, Harry, Hermione and Ron's last few hours before they return home for the holidays[src]
Expelliarmus.
Severus Snape using Expelliarmus
DumbledorefanAdded by Dumbledorefan

Other practitionersEdit

  • Many other duelists

AppearanceEdit

Tumblr lvfrlyEJDB1qf2ap3o2 r2 250
Harry casting a powerful disarming charm indicated by the scarlet jet of light

The Disarming Charm always appears as a jet of red light; indeed, this is one of the things that makes it recognisable before the effects of the charm are seen. However the intensity of the light appears to correspond to the strength of the spell as a weak/moderate one creates a small flash of white light whereas a more powerful version manifests as a bright jet of scarlet light.

EffectsEdit

The Disarming Charm causes whatever an opponent is holding at the time - usually a wand - to fly high out of their reach; and can also be used to block and rebound spells, however, more enthusiastic casts can result in the victim of the charm being knocked unconscious in a similar manner to the Stunning Spell. If done too weakly, however, it will merely blow them back a few paces, or make their hair stand on end. On account of this one could describe it as among the most versatile of spells as Remus Lupin was able to disarm multiple opponents with a single spell whilst Cedric Diggory was able to knock Krum unconscious.

If one mispronounces the spell's incantation, dependent on how it was mispronounced, another effect may take place. When Cho first mispronounced it as Expelliarmious, seemingly nothing happened; when she uttered Expellimellius, she set her friend Marietta Edgecombe's sleeves aflame.

Priori IncantatemEdit

Voldemort-Harry 1st duel (Concept Artwork for the HP4 film)
A powerful Priori Incantatem between Disarming Charm (Harry Potter) and Killing Curse (Lord Voldemort).
You-Know-WhoAdded by You-Know-Who

If two wands with the same core are forced to do battle with each other, the effect is a magical connection called Priori Incantatem. When Priori Incantatem occurred between Lord Voldemort and Harry Potter, the latter was using the Disarming Charm.

EtymologyEdit

English expel, meaning "remove" and Latin arma, meaning "weapon" or "the weapon".

Behind the scenesEdit

"Then a blinding, jagged jet of white light flew through the air: Harry thought of lightning, but Snape had dropped to his knees and his wand had flown out of his hand"
—Dumbledore's use on Snape[src]
  • This is the signature spell of Harry Potter.
  • In the films only when a witch or wizard is locked in the Priori Incantatem is the spell scarlet. When not locked in combat it's always just a blue or white flash that will either connect with the target's hand and force the wand out of their hand or will blast them off their feet, sometimes unconcious.
  • When Dumbledore used this on Snape, it appeared as white lightning, and hence was probably a variation of it rather than the spell itself, or else an entirely different disarming spell.
  • The charm is described in The Standard Book of Spells, Grade 2, and has a spellbook purely for itself.
  • In the second film, it appears as a golden ring; from the fifth film onward it was a ball of blue light.
  • In the video games, the Disarming Charm worked rather like a Shield Charm, rebounding an opponent's spells upon them. This is actually also the describing of the spell in the The Standard Book of Spells series.
  • The Disarming Charm is referenced on Doctor Who, when Shakespeare uses it to conclude a formula used to banish the villains from earth.

AppearancesEdit

Notes and referencesEdit

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 Harry Potter and the Chamber of Secrets (Chapter 11 - The Duelling Club) (pg. 142 UK edition)
  2. Pottermore
  3. Wonderbook: Book of Spells
  4. Harry Potter and the Prisoner of Azkaban (video game)
  5. Harry Potter and the Chamber of Secrets (video game)
  6. 6.0 6.1 6.2 Wonderbook: Book of Spells (See this video) (00:20 - 15:20)
  7. Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows (Chapter 33 - The Prince's Tale) (pg. 543 UK edition)
  8. Harry Potter and the Half-Blood Prince (Chapter 27 - The Lightning Struck Tower) (pg. 584 US edition)
  9. 9.0 9.1 9.2 9.3 Harry Potter and the Chamber of Secrets (Chapter 18 - Dobby's Reward) (pg. 250 UK edition)
  10. Harry Potter and the Chamber of Secrets (Chapter 13 - The Very Secret Diary) (pg. 178 UK edition)
  11. Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows - Chapter 11 (The Bribe)


The Standard Book of Spells
Books: The Standard Book of Spells, Grade 1 · The Standard Book of Spells, Grade 2 · The Standard Book of Spells, Grade 3 · The Standard Book of Spells, Grade 4 · The Standard Book of Spells, Grade 5 · The Standard Book of Spells, Grade 6
Charms included in the series: Fire-Making Spell · Levitation Charm · Locking Spell · Mending Charm · Softening Charm · Severing Charm · Unlocking Charm · Dancing Feet Spell · Disarming Charm · Engorgement Charm · Freezing Charm · General Counter-Spell · Memory Charm · Tickling Charm · Summoning Charm · Banishing Charm · Substantive Charm

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