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{{Wonderbookold}}
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{{Pottermoreold}}
 
{{Spell infobox
 
{{Spell infobox
|image=[[File:DH - Voldemort VS. Harry Final Duel 02.jpg|255px]]
 
 
|name=Disarming Charm
 
|name=Disarming Charm
|incantation=''Expelliarmus'' (ex-PELL-ee-are-mus)
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|image=[[File:disarm.gif|250px]]
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|incantation=''Expelliarmus''<br/>(ex-PELL-ee-ARE-muss)
 
|type=[[Charm]]
 
|type=[[Charm]]
|hand=Point wand at target
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|hand=[[File:Disarming-charm.png]]
|light=Red
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|light=Scarlet<ref name="CoS11"/>
|effect=Disarms opponent}}
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|effect=Disarms an opponent<ref name="pottermore">''[[Pottermore]]''</ref>
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|creator=[[Elizabeth Smudgling]] (c.[[1379]])<ref>''[[Wonderbook: Book of Spells]]''</ref>
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}}
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{{Quote|The Disarming Charm lies at the heart of a good [[dueling]] technique. It allows the duelist to rebound an opponent's spell in the hope that the rebounded spell will strike the opponent and leave him or her vulnerable to further attack.|[[Miranda Goshawk]]|Harry Potter and the Chamber of Secrets (video game)}}
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The '''Disarming Charm''',<ref name="CoS11" /> also known as the '''Expelliarmus Spell'''<ref name="POAVG">{{POAVG}}</ref> or '''Disarming Spell'''<ref name="COSVG">{{COSVG}}</ref> (''Expelliarmus'') was a defensive [[charm]] which forced the victim to release whatever they were holding at the time. It is common to see this [[spell]] used in [[duel]]s, to make an opponent release their [[wand]].<ref name="CoS11" />
   
{{Quote|There was a dazzling flash of scarlet light and Lockhart was blasted off his feet: he flew backwards off the stage, smashed into the wall and slid down it to sprawl on the floor.|Snape uses it on Lockhart.|Harry Potter and the Chamber of Secrets}}
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==History==
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It is not known precisely who created the Disarming Charm. Some [[wizardkind|wizarding]] historians claim that it may have been invented by [[Merlin]] himself, others claim that its first widespread use was in [[Madagascar]] in the [[11th century]].<ref name="WON" /> Even if any of this is true, the fact remains that it was not very popular until [[1379]], when [[Elizabeth Smudgling]] — the most likely [[Spell creation|inventor]], in the [[Book of Spells|opinion]] of [[Miranda Goshawk]] — used it in a duelling contest in Dartmoor.<ref name="WON">''[[Wonderbook: Book of Spells]]'' (See [http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=bsuo7ZeE3Bw this video]) (00:20 - 15:20)</ref>
   
The '''Disarming Charm''' (''Expelliarmus'') is a defensive [[charm]] that disarms an opponent, causing whatever is in the person's hand at the time, usually a [[wand]], to fly out of his or her hand.
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It became [[Harry Potter]]'s signature spell, and it notably caused the death of [[Tom Riddle|Lord Voldemort]] during the [[Battle of Hogwarts]] by rebounding his [[Killing Curse]].
   
It has been known to knock an opponent backwards in some cases, as well as disarming them. This may depend on whether the spell strikes an opponent's wand or body.
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==Effects==
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{{Quote|"That was a Disarming Charm — as you see, I've lost my wand.|[[Gilderoy Lockhart]]|Harry Potter and the Chamber of Secrets}}
   
==Appearance and effect==
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[[File:Tumblr n4pfx79HAy1qzv627o1 250.gif|thumb|Harry casting a powerful disarming charm indicated by the scarlet jet of light|left|245x245px]]
[[File:SnapeExpelliarmus.png|thumb|Severus Snape's use against Gilderoy Lockhart in 1992]]
 
The exact effects of the Disarming Charm vary. Sometimes, especially when aimed at the opponent's chest, the spell manifests itself as a "jet of red light", and knocks the victim backwards as well as disarming him or her. This is what happened to [[Viktor Krum]] in [[1995]] and [[Severus Snape]] in [[1993]]. On other occasions, the charm does not have a colour, and instead simply makes a [[wand]] fly from the victim's hand. When Severus Snape cast the spell on [[Gilderoy Lockhart]], it was shown as a scarlet ring surrounding the wand, with a streak of scarlet light heading towards Lockhart. It may be that the effects are dependant on what it hits - if it hits a wand, the wand is launched, and if it hits a person, the person is launched.
 
   
When [[Cho Chang]] spoke the incantation incorrectly, ''[[Expellimellius]]'', it set her friend [[Marietta Edgecombe]]'s sleeve on fire. Sometimes when the spell is done weakly but not incorrectly it can make someones hair just stand on end or blow them back a few paces. When [[Harry Potter]], [[Ronald Weasley]], and [[Hermione Granger]] all hit [[Severus Snape]] with the spell at the exact same time, the force of it was enough to knock him out for at least an hour.
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The Disarming Charm causes whatever an opponent is holding at the time usually a wand to fly high out of their reach.
   
Interestingly, this spell is one of the most effective way of swaying a wand's allegiance from its present owner to the one who disarmed it from them.
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The Disarming Charm always appears as a jet of red light; indeed, this is one of the things that makes it recognisable before the effects of the charm are seen. However the intensity of the light appears to correspond to the strength of the spell as a weak/moderate one creates a small flash of white light whereas a more powerful version manifests as a bright jet of scarlet light.
   
==Use by Harry Potter==
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==Uses and practitioners==
{{Quote|Expelliarmus is a useful spell, Harry, but the Death Eaters seem to think it is your signature move, and I urge you not to let it become so!|[[Remus Lupin]] discussing the [[Death Eaters]]' knowledge of [[Harry Potter]]'s signature spell|Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows}}
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{{Quote|They made the most of the last few hours in which they were allowed to do magic before the holidays...and practised disarming each other by magic. Harry was getting very good at it.|[[Fred Weasley|Fred]], [[George Weasley|George]], [[Harry Potter|Harry]], [[Hermione Granger|Hermione]] and [[Ronald Weasley|Ron]]'s last few hours before they return home for the holidays|Harry Potter and the Chamber of Secrets}}
   
Many people considered the Disarming Charm to be the signature spell of Harry Potter. Despite being taught it by Severus Snape, the teacher he despised the most until the events of 1997, Harry found it quite useful and utilised it often in direct confrontation with another wizard. He became highly proficient with it in [[1994]] when practicing for the [[Triwizard Tournament]]. At the end of the tournament, after he and [[Cedric Diggory]] were [[Portkey|transported]] to the graveyard in [[Little Hangleton]] and Cedric was murdered, Harry faced the newly-restored [[Tom Riddle|Lord Voldemort]] in a [[duel]]. Voldemort used the [[Killing Curse]] and Harry used the Disarming Charm. Due to the natural brotherhood of [[Harry Potter's wand|Harry's wand]] and [[Tom Riddle's wand|Voldemort's wand]], both containing [[wand core|cores]] from the same source (that source being [[Fawkes]], [[Albus Dumbledore]]'s pet [[Phoenix]]), both duellers' spells proved ineffective, creating the rare ''[[Priori Incantatem]]'' effect which greatly contributed to Harry's subsequent escape.<ref name="GOF">''[[Harry Potter and the Goblet of Fire]]''</ref>
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*[[Albus Dumbledore]] used this spell to disarm [[Severus Snape]].<ref name="DH33">''[[Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows]]'' (''Chapter 33 - The Prince's Tale'') (pg. 543 UK edition)</ref>
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*[[Draco Malfoy]] used this spell to disarm Albus Dumbledore during the [[Battle of the Astronomy Tower]] before fleeing with Snape and the other Death Eaters.<ref name="HBP27">''[[Harry Potter and the Half-Blood Prince]]'' (''Chapter 27 - The Lightning Struck Tower'') (pg. 584 US edition)</ref>
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*In 1379, [[Elizabeth Smudgling]] used it in a duelling contest in Dartmoor.<ref name="WON" />
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*At the end of his fourth year, [[Fred Weasley]] practiced this spell along with; George, Harry, Hermione, and Ron before the start of summer holiday.<ref name="CoS19">''[[Harry Potter and the Chamber of Secrets]]'' (''Chapter 18 - Dobby's Reward'') (pg. 250 UK edition)</ref>
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*[[George Weasley]] at the end of his fourth year in 1993 practiced this spell along with; Fred, Harry, Hermione, and Ron before the start of summer holiday.<ref name="CoS19" />
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*[[Ginevra Weasley|Ginny Weasley]] used this spell at the end of her first year in 1993.<ref name="CoS19" />
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[[File:Tumblr_n4afunNcf51qg4gkko2_250.gif|frame|Severus Snape using Expelliarmus]]
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*In 1992, [[Severus Snape]] taught this spell to the [[Duelling Club]] on 17 December in the [[Great Hall]].<ref name="CoS11">''[[Harry Potter and the Chamber of Secrets]]'' (''Chapter 11 - The Duelling Club'') (pg. 142 UK edition)</ref>
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*[[Harry Potter]] used this spell on many different occasions. He used it twice during his second year first; to get [[Tom Riddle's Diary]] back from Malfoy who mistook it for Harry's own diary and at the end of the year before summer holiday.<ref name="CoS13">''[[Harry Potter and the Chamber of Secrets]]'' (''Chapter 13 - The Very Secret Diary'') (pg. 178 UK edition)</ref> In his third year he used it aginst Snape inside the [[Shrieking Shack]]. In 1995 he used this spell while duelling [[Voldemort ]]in [[Little Hangleton]], which resulted in [[Priori Incantatem]]. In his fifth year this is one of the spells Harry taught [[Dumbledore's Army]] he had them practice it in pairs. He also used this spell during the [[1997-1998 school year]]; he disarmed [[Stan Shunpike]] during the [[Battle of the Seven Potters]], used it against Goyle during the [[Skirmish in the room of requirement]], and to kill Voldemort by rebounding his [[Killing Curse]].
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*[[Hermione Granger]] used this spell at the end of her second year along with; Fred, George, Harry, and Ron before summer holiday.<ref name="CoS19" /> In her third year she used this spell against Severus Snape in the Shrieking Shack along with Harry and Ron. She also used this spell to disarm [[Mundungus Fletcher]] in 1998 during the hunt for Horcruxs.<ref name="DH11">{{DH}} - Chapter 11 (''The Bribe'')</ref>
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*[[Ron Weasley]] practiced this spell at the end of his second year and used it during his third to disarm Severus Snape in the Shrieking Shack. During the [[Skirmish at Malfoy Manor]], Ron disarmed [[Bellatrix Lestrange]] with the spell.
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*[[Neville Longbottom]] used this spell during the [[Battle of the Department of Mysteries]] to disarm a Death Eater, accidentally also disarming Harry.
   
Many [[Death Eaters]] witnessed this, and took to believing that it was Harry's signature move. In the [[Battle of the Seven Potters]], they identified him as the real Harry Potter out of the "[[seven]] Potters" once he used the Disarming Charm against the Imperiused [[Stanley Shunpike|Stan Shunpike]]. [[Remus Lupin]] later chided Harry for using ''Expelliarmus'' in battle conditions, but Harry continued to value it; his argument being that hitting Stan with a stunning spell, as Lupin had suggested, could have ultimately killed him after falling from such a height.
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==Priori Incantatem==
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[[File:Voldemort-Harry_1st_duel_(Concept_Artwork_for_the_HP4_film).jpg|thumb|242px|A powerful [[Priori Incantatem]] between Disarming Charm (Harry Potter) and [[Killing Curse]] ([[Lord Voldemort]]).]]
[[File:Redexpell.jpg|thumb|270px|[[Harry Potter]] casting the Disarming Charm during the [[Duel in Little Hangleton]]]]
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If two wands with the same core are forced to do battle with each other, the effect is a magical connection called [[Priori Incantatem]]. When Priori Incantatem occurred between [[Tom Riddle|Lord Voldemort]] and [[Harry Potter]], the latter was using the Disarming Charm, a much weaker spell than the former.
 
When Voldemort attacked Harry, his wand recognised Voldemort as an enemy, despite the fact that the Dark Lord was using [[Lucius Malfoy's wand]] instead of his own in order to avoid causing Priori Incantatem. Harry's wand shot "a spurt of golden fire" at Voldemort, destroying Lucius's wand and allowing Harry and [[Rubeus Hagrid]] to escape to safety..<ref name="DH">''[[Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows]]''</ref> In his final duel with Voldemort during the [[Battle of Hogwarts]], Harry again used a Disarming Charm against Voldemort's Killing Curse, repeating the event of 1995 with the exception of [[Priori Incantatem]] taking place.
 
 
==Known uses==
 
 
{|width="100%" border="1" class="wikitable"
 
|-bgcolor="#cccccc"
 
!width="20%" align="center"|Caster(s)
 
!width="20%" align="center"|Victim(s)
 
!width="60%" align="center"|Notes
 
|-
 
|[[Severus Snape]]
 
|[[Gilderoy Lockhart]]
 
|[[Duelling Club]] demonstration in [[1992]].<ref name="CS">''[[Harry Potter and the Chamber of Secrets]]''</ref>
 
|-
 
|[[Harry Potter]]
 
|[[Draco Malfoy]]
 
|Took [[Tom Riddle's Diary]] back. This was the first time Harry ever used the spell.<ref name="CS"/>
 
|-
 
|[[Harry Potter]]
 
|[[Gilderoy Lockhart]]
 
|In [[1993]] in self-defence.<ref name="CS"/>
 
|-
 
|[[Harry Potter]], [[Ronald Weasley|Ron Weasley]], [[Hermione Granger]], [[Fred and George Weasley]], [[Ginevra Weasley|Ginny Weasley]]
 
|Each other
 
|In 1993, on the [[Hogwarts Express]].<ref name="CS"/>
 
|-
 
|[[Sirius Black]]
 
|[[Harry Potter]] and [[Hermione Granger]]
 
|In the [[Shrieking Shack]] in [[1994]].<ref name="POA">''[[Harry Potter and the Prisoner of Azkaban]]''</ref>
 
|-
 
|[[Remus Lupin]]
 
|[[Harry Potter]] and [[Hermione Granger]]
 
|In the Shrieking Shack in 1994.<ref name="POA"/>
 
|-
 
|[[Severus Snape]]
 
|[[Sirius Black]]
 
|In the Shrieking Shack in 1994 <ref name="POA"/>
 
|-
 
|[[Harry Potter]], [[Hermione Granger]] and [[Ronald Weasley|Ron Weasley]]
 
|[[Severus Snape]]
 
|In the Shrieking Shack in 1994; knocked unconscious.<ref name="POA"/>
 
|-
 
|[[Harry Potter]]
 
|[[Peter Pettigrew]]
 
|In 1994.<ref name="POA"/>
 
|-
 
|[[Cedric Diggory]]
 
|[[Viktor Krum]]
 
|After Viktor attacked Cedric before Harry's Intervention declaring Viktor was Bewitched during the Third Task of the Triwizard Tournament, [[24 June]], [[1995]].
 
|-
 
|[[Harry Potter]]
 
|An [[Acromantula]]
 
|During the Third Task of the [[Triwizard Tournament]].<ref name="GOF"/>
 
|-
 
|[[Harry Potter]]
 
|[[Tom Riddle|Lord Voldemort]]
 
|Resulted into ''[[Priori Incantatem]]''.<ref name="GOF"/>
 
|-
 
|[[James Potter I|James Potter]]
 
|[[Severus Snape]]
 
|During their [[Hogwarts School of Witchcraft and Wizardry|Hogwarts]] years.<ref name="OTP">''[[Harry Potter and the Order of the Phoenix]]''</ref>
 
|-
 
|[[Neville Longbottom]]
 
|[[Harry Potter]]
 
|During a meeting of [[Dumbledore's Army]]; the first time Neville cast the spell successfully.<ref name="OTP"/>
 
|-
 
|[[Neville Longbottom]]
 
|[[Hermione Granger]]
 
|During a later D.A. meeting.<ref name="OTP"/>
 
|-
 
|[[Fred and George Weasley]]
 
|[[Zacharias Smith]]
 
|May have been a [[nonverbal spell|nonverbal]] use.<ref name="OTP"/>
 
|-
 
|[[Zacharias Smith]]
 
|[[Anthony Goldstein]]
 
|Attempted in D.A. meeting, but failed.<ref name="OTP"/>
 
|-
 
|[[Ginevra Weasley|Ginny Weasley]]
 
|[[Michael Corner]]
 
|In a D.A. meeting; [[Harry Potter]] was not sure if this was because Michael was incompetent or because he did not want to hex his girlfriend.<ref name="OTP"/>
 
|-
 
|[[Ernest Macmillan|Ernie Macmillan]]
 
|Unknown
 
|Unsuccessful attempt during first D.A. meeting.<ref name="OTP"/>
 
|-
 
|[[Colin and Dennis Creevey]]
 
|Each other
 
|Unsuccessful attempt during first D.A. meeting.<ref name="OTP"/>
 
|-
 
|[[Luna Lovegood]]
 
|[[Justin Finch-Fletchley]]
 
|During a D.A. meeting; sometimes successful, sometimes not.<ref name="OTP"/>
 
|-
 
|[[Neville Longbottom]], [[Ronald Weasley|Ron Weasley]], and [[Luna Lovegood]]
 
|[[Inquisitorial Squad]] members
 
|Managed to escape them.<ref name="OTP"/>
 
|-
 
|[[Neville Longbottom]]
 
|A [[Death Eaters|Death Eater]] and [[Harry Potter]]
 
|During the [[Battle of the Department of Mysteries]].<ref name="OTP"/>
 
|-
 
|[[Draco Malfoy]]
 
|[[Albus Dumbledore]]
 
|On top of the [[Astronomy Tower]] in [[1997]]; Draco thus became the unwitting master of the [[Elder Wand]].<ref name="HBP">''[[Harry Potter and the Half-Blood Prince]]''</ref>
 
|-
 
|[[Harry Potter]]
 
|[[Stanley Shunpike|Stan Shunpike]]
 
|During the [[Battle of the Seven Potters]].<ref name="DH"/>
 
|-
 
|[[Hermione Granger]]
 
|[[Mundungus Fletcher]]
 
|Before the [[Infiltration of the Ministry of Magic]].<ref name="DH"/>
 
|-
 
|[[Ronald Weasley|Ron Weasley]]
 
|A [[Snatchers|Snatcher]]
 
|Later passed the Snatcher's [[blackthorn wand]] to [[Harry Potter]].<ref name="DH"/>
 
|-
 
|[[Harry Potter]]
 
|[[Hermione Granger]]
 
|Practising with the Snatcher's wand; unsuccessful.<ref name="DH"/>
 
|-
 
|[[Ronald Weasley|Ron Weasley]]
 
|[[Bellatrix Lestrange]]
 
|During the [[Battle of Malfoy Manor]].<ref name="DH"/>
 
|-
 
|[[Harry Potter]]
 
|[[Gregory Goyle]]
 
|In the [[Room of Requirement]] during the [[Battle of Hogwarts]].<ref name="DH"/>
 
|-
 
|[[Harry Potter]]
 
|[[Tom Riddle|Lord Voldemort]]
 
|During the [[Battle of Hogwarts]]; because of Harry's mastery of the [[Elder Wand]], Voldemort's [[Killing Curse]] backfired and killed him.<ref name="DH"/>
 
|}
 
 
==Known practitioners==
 
[[File:HarryPotter4.jpg|thumb|Harry casting ''Expelliarmus'' during Priori Incantatem.]]
 
*[[Albus Dumbledore]]
 
*[[Cedric Diggory]]
 
*[[Cho Chang]]
 
*[[Colin Creevey]]
 
*[[Dennis Creevey]]
 
*[[Draco Malfoy]]
 
*[[Dumbledore's Army]]
 
*[[Ernest Macmillan|Ernie Macmillan]]
 
*[[Fred Weasley]]
 
*[[George Weasley]]
 
*[[Gilderoy Lockhart]]
 
*[[Ginevra Weasley|Ginny Weasley]]
 
*[[Harry Potter]]
 
*[[Hermione Granger]]
 
*[[James Potter I|James Potter]]
 
*[[Tom Riddle|Lord Voldemort]]
 
*[[Luna Lovegood]]
 
*[[Neville Longbottom]]
 
*[[Remus Lupin]]
 
*[[Ronald Weasley|Ron Weasley]]
 
*[[Severus Snape]]
 
*[[Sirius Black]]
 
*[[Zacharias Smith]]
 
*[[Hannah Abbott]]
 
   
 
==Etymology==
 
==Etymology==
The former half of the word "expelli-" bears resemblance to the Latin "expello" meaning "I drive away, eject or expel" or " to remove or repudiate" (though it may simply derive from the English "I expel" also). The latter half "-armus" is derived from "arma", a Latin word meaning "weapon" where the English word "army" comes from. Therefore, "Expelliarmus" mean "I remove your weapon [from your hand].
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English ''expel'', meaning "remove" and Latin ''arma'', meaning "weapon" or "the weapon".
   
 
==Behind the scenes==
 
==Behind the scenes==
* In the [[Wikipedia:Doctor Who|Doctor Who]] episode '[[Wikipedia:The Shakespeare Code|The Shakespeare Code]]', the spell is mentioned in connection to the Harry Potter books, with the Doctor stating "good ol' [[J. K. Rowling|JK]]" after Shakespeare uses the word Expelliarmus to conclude a 'magical' formula to banish the episode's villans, the Carrionites, from Earth.
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{{Quote|Then a blinding, jagged jet of white light flew through the air: Harry thought of lightning, but Snape had dropped to his knees and his wand had flown out of his hand|Dumbledore's use on Snape|Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows}}
* ''Expelliarmus'' has a surprising (possibly the highest) number of conflicting portrayals across the Harry Potter video game adaptations. In ''[[Harry Potter and the Chamber of Secrets (video game)|Harry Potter and the Chamber of Secrets]]'' and ''[[Harry Potter and the Prisoner of Azkaban (video game)|Harry Potter and the Prisoner of Azkaban]]'', ''Expelliarmus'' conjures a shield, identical in its effects to the books' ''[[Shield Charm|Protego]]'' (used to repel the opponent's attacks), and does not physically "disarm" the opponent at all, though it is still called the "Disarming Charm". In ''[[Harry Potter and the Order of the Phoenix (video game)|Harry Potter and the Order of the Phoenix]]'', ''Expelliarmus'' was used to finish (disarm) opponents. It doesn't appear in ''[[Harry Potter and the Philosopher's Stone (video game)|Harry Potter and the Philosopher's Stone]]'', and in ''[[Harry Potter and the Goblet of Fire (video game)|Harry Potter and the Goblet of Fire]]'' it is only seen in a cutscene and as part of [[Priori Incantatem]]. In the ''[[Harry Potter and the Half-Blood Prince (video game)|Harry Potter and the Half-Blood Prince]]'' video game, it appears as a projectile cloud of blue and violet energy which blasts the victim off their feet, but does not send their wand flying. In [[Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows: Part 1 (video game)|Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows: Part 1]] it acts somewhat like ''[[Stunning Spell|Stupefy]]'', knocking the foe to the ground with a burst of golden light for a short period of time. In [[Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows: Part 2]], it does not inflict damage (unlike in Part 1), but it breaks an enemy's Protego.
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*This is the [[signature spell]] of Harry Potter.
* In the film series, ''Expelliarmus'' is used many times. Snape uses it first in [[Harry Potter and the Chamber of Secrets (film)|Harry Potter and the Chamber of Secrets]] in the Duelling Club, blasting Gilderoy Lockhart through the air without actually disarming him which appears as a light golden light. In ''[[Harry Potter and the Prisoner of Azkaban (film)|Harry Potter and the Prisoner of Azkaban]]'', it regains its official effects, used many times to simply knock the wand from the target's hand which is a blue light that does not physically assaulting the target, except for when used by Harry against Snape, though this could be attributed to Harry using Hermione's wand at the time, an act which can have unpredictable effects for any wizard.
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*In the films only when a witch or wizard is locked in the Priori Incantatem is the spell scarlet. When not locked in combat it's always just a blue or white flash that will either connect with the target's hand and force the wand out of their hand or will blast them off their feet, sometimes unconcious.
* Upon meeting with Severus Snape, Albus Dumbledore used a [[Lightning disarming spell|possible variation]] of the Disarming Charm, which seemed to be a much faster version of the charm.
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*When [[Albus Dumbledore|Dumbledore]] used this on [[Severus Snape|Snape]], it appeared as white lightning, and hence was probably a variation of it rather than the spell itself, or else an entirely different disarming spell.
* In [[Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows]], the text incorrectly uses the word ''Disarmed'' with a capital 'D' in referring to Ron's non-magical grappling of [[Peter Pettigrew]]'s wand from the latter's grasp at [[Malfoy Manor]]: ''The silver tool that Voldemort had given his most cowardly servant had turned upon its Disarmed and useless owner...'' (chapter 23). Like other spells and incantations, ''Disarming'' is normally capitalised in the books. This error possibly occurred as a result of over-enthusiastic application of this style by the [[J. K. Rowling|author]] or [[Bloomsbury|publisher]] during the copy-editing process.
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*The [[charm]] is described in ''[[The Standard Book of Spells, Grade 2]]'', and has [[Expelliarmus spellbook|a spellbook]] purely for itself.
*Though no mention of a particular hand motion is mentioned in the books, in the films, the caster often twirls his or her wand in a tight spiral motion.
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*In the second film, it appears as a golden ring; from the fifth film onward it was a ball of blue light.
*A [[Expelliarmus spellbook|spellbook]] for this spell could be found behind a portait in [[Hogwarts Castle|Hogwarts]].
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*In the video games, mainly he console versions of the [[Harry Potter and the Philosopher's Stone (video game)|first]] and [[Harry Potter and the Chamber of Secrets (video game)|second]] games, the Disarming Charm worked rather like a Shield Charm, rebounding an opponent's spells upon them. This is actually also the describing of the spell in the [[The Standard Book of Spells]] series. This was mainly due to the lack of being able to disarm in past video games.
*According to ''[[Pottermore]]'', the hand motion is thus:<br/>[[File:Disarming-charm.png]]<br/>In ''Wonderbook'', the hand movement is a sharp slash to the right.
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**However, the spell returned to its more offensive use by the ''[[Harry Potter and the Order of the Phoenix (video game)|Order of the Phoenix game]]'', though the GBC version of the [[Harry Potter and the Chamber of Secrets (video game)|Chamber of Secrets game]] also follows this scheme.
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**Also in the console version of the [[Harry Potter and the Chamber of Secrets (video game)|second game]], it's possible to catch and deflect spells not only cast by [[Prefect|prefects]] in the PS2 version, but it's also possible to do so on one's own backfired spell. This only works on [[Flipendo]] and [[Incendio]] however, as the other projectile spells will pass through. In the case of the former, it moves rather fast so tight timing to activate the charm is needed.
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*The Disarming Charm is referenced on [[Wikipedia:Doctor Who|Doctor Who]], when Shakespeare uses it to conclude a formula used to banish the villains from earth. The Doctor (played by [[David Tennant]]) smiles after the villains are beaten and says: "Good old [[J.K.Rowling|J.K.]]", referencing the author of the ''Harry Potter ''series.
   
 
==Appearances==
 
==Appearances==
 
*''[[Harry Potter and the Philosopher's Stone (video game)]]'' {{Mention}}
 
 
*''[[Harry Potter and the Chamber of Secrets]]'' {{1st}}
 
*''[[Harry Potter and the Chamber of Secrets]]'' {{1st}}
 
*''[[Harry Potter and the Chamber of Secrets (film)]]''
 
*''[[Harry Potter and the Chamber of Secrets (film)]]''
Line 50: Line 49:
 
*''[[Harry Potter and the Prisoner of Azkaban]]''
 
*''[[Harry Potter and the Prisoner of Azkaban]]''
 
*''[[Harry Potter and the Prisoner of Azkaban (film)]]''
 
*''[[Harry Potter and the Prisoner of Azkaban (film)]]''
  +
*''[[Harry Potter and the Prisoner of Azkaban (video game)]]''
 
*''[[Harry Potter and the Goblet of Fire]]''
 
*''[[Harry Potter and the Goblet of Fire]]''
 
*''[[Harry Potter and the Goblet of Fire (film)]]''
 
*''[[Harry Potter and the Goblet of Fire (film)]]''
Line 63: Line 63:
 
*''[[Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows: Part 1 (video game)]]''
 
*''[[Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows: Part 1 (video game)]]''
 
*''[[Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows: Part 2]]''
 
*''[[Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows: Part 2]]''
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Latest revision as of 04:59, October 16, 2014

Disarm
Disarming Charm
Incantation

Expelliarmus
(ex-PELL-ee-ARE-muss)

Type

Charm

Hand Movement

Disarming-charm

Light

Scarlet[1]

Effect

Disarms an opponent[2]

Creator

Elizabeth Smudgling (c.1379)[3]

"The Disarming Charm lies at the heart of a good dueling technique. It allows the duelist to rebound an opponent's spell in the hope that the rebounded spell will strike the opponent and leave him or her vulnerable to further attack."
Miranda Goshawk[src]

The Disarming Charm,[1] also known as the Expelliarmus Spell[4] or Disarming Spell[5] (Expelliarmus) was a defensive charm which forced the victim to release whatever they were holding at the time. It is common to see this spell used in duels, to make an opponent release their wand.[1]

HistoryEdit

It is not known precisely who created the Disarming Charm. Some wizarding historians claim that it may have been invented by Merlin himself, others claim that its first widespread use was in Madagascar in the 11th century.[6] Even if any of this is true, the fact remains that it was not very popular until 1379, when Elizabeth Smudgling — the most likely inventor, in the opinion of Miranda Goshawk — used it in a duelling contest in Dartmoor.[6]

It became Harry Potter's signature spell, and it notably caused the death of Lord Voldemort during the Battle of Hogwarts by rebounding his Killing Curse.

EffectsEdit

""That was a Disarming Charm — as you see, I've lost my wand."
Gilderoy Lockhart[src]
Tumblr n4pfx79HAy1qzv627o1 250

Harry casting a powerful disarming charm indicated by the scarlet jet of light

The Disarming Charm causes whatever an opponent is holding at the time — usually a wand — to fly high out of their reach.

The Disarming Charm always appears as a jet of red light; indeed, this is one of the things that makes it recognisable before the effects of the charm are seen. However the intensity of the light appears to correspond to the strength of the spell as a weak/moderate one creates a small flash of white light whereas a more powerful version manifests as a bright jet of scarlet light.

Uses and practitionersEdit

"They made the most of the last few hours in which they were allowed to do magic before the holidays...and practised disarming each other by magic. Harry was getting very good at it."
Fred, George, Harry, Hermione and Ron's last few hours before they return home for the holidays[src]
Tumblr n4afunNcf51qg4gkko2 250

Severus Snape using Expelliarmus

Priori IncantatemEdit

Voldemort-Harry 1st duel (Concept Artwork for the HP4 film)

A powerful Priori Incantatem between Disarming Charm (Harry Potter) and Killing Curse (Lord Voldemort).

If two wands with the same core are forced to do battle with each other, the effect is a magical connection called Priori Incantatem. When Priori Incantatem occurred between Lord Voldemort and Harry Potter, the latter was using the Disarming Charm, a much weaker spell than the former.

EtymologyEdit

English expel, meaning "remove" and Latin arma, meaning "weapon" or "the weapon".

Behind the scenesEdit

"Then a blinding, jagged jet of white light flew through the air: Harry thought of lightning, but Snape had dropped to his knees and his wand had flown out of his hand"
—Dumbledore's use on Snape[src]
  • This is the signature spell of Harry Potter.
  • In the films only when a witch or wizard is locked in the Priori Incantatem is the spell scarlet. When not locked in combat it's always just a blue or white flash that will either connect with the target's hand and force the wand out of their hand or will blast them off their feet, sometimes unconcious.
  • When Dumbledore used this on Snape, it appeared as white lightning, and hence was probably a variation of it rather than the spell itself, or else an entirely different disarming spell.
  • The charm is described in The Standard Book of Spells, Grade 2, and has a spellbook purely for itself.
  • In the second film, it appears as a golden ring; from the fifth film onward it was a ball of blue light.
  • In the video games, mainly he console versions of the first and second games, the Disarming Charm worked rather like a Shield Charm, rebounding an opponent's spells upon them. This is actually also the describing of the spell in the The Standard Book of Spells series. This was mainly due to the lack of being able to disarm in past video games.
    • However, the spell returned to its more offensive use by the Order of the Phoenix game, though the GBC version of the Chamber of Secrets game also follows this scheme.
    • Also in the console version of the second game, it's possible to catch and deflect spells not only cast by prefects in the PS2 version, but it's also possible to do so on one's own backfired spell. This only works on Flipendo and Incendio however, as the other projectile spells will pass through. In the case of the former, it moves rather fast so tight timing to activate the charm is needed.
  • The Disarming Charm is referenced on Doctor Who, when Shakespeare uses it to conclude a formula used to banish the villains from earth. The Doctor (played by David Tennant) smiles after the villains are beaten and says: "Good old J.K.", referencing the author of the Harry Potter series.

AppearancesEdit

Notes and referencesEdit

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 Harry Potter and the Chamber of Secrets (Chapter 11 - The Duelling Club) (pg. 142 UK edition)
  2. Pottermore
  3. Wonderbook: Book of Spells
  4. Harry Potter and the Prisoner of Azkaban (video game)
  5. Harry Potter and the Chamber of Secrets (video game)
  6. 6.0 6.1 6.2 Wonderbook: Book of Spells (See this video) (00:20 - 15:20)
  7. Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows (Chapter 33 - The Prince's Tale) (pg. 543 UK edition)
  8. Harry Potter and the Half-Blood Prince (Chapter 27 - The Lightning Struck Tower) (pg. 584 US edition)
  9. 9.0 9.1 9.2 9.3 Harry Potter and the Chamber of Secrets (Chapter 18 - Dobby's Reward) (pg. 250 UK edition)
  10. Harry Potter and the Chamber of Secrets (Chapter 13 - The Very Secret Diary) (pg. 178 UK edition)
  11. Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows - Chapter 11 (The Bribe)


The Standard Book of Spells
Books: The Standard Book of Spells, Grade 1 · The Standard Book of Spells, Grade 2 · The Standard Book of Spells, Grade 3 · The Standard Book of Spells, Grade 4 · The Standard Book of Spells, Grade 5 · The Standard Book of Spells, Grade 6
Charms included in the series: Fire-Making Spell · Levitation Charm · Locking Spell · Mending Charm · Softening Charm · Severing Charm · Unlocking Charm · Dancing Feet Spell · Disarming Charm · Engorgement Charm · Freezing Charm · General Counter-Spell · Memory Charm · Tickling Charm · Summoning Charm · Banishing Charm · Substantive Charm

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