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Confundus Charm

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"Harry pointed Draco's wand at each of the guards in turn and murmured, 'Confundo' twice...The guard was confused."
—Harry Potter's use on a bank guard[src]

The Confundus Charm is a charm that causes a person or animated object to become highly confused. There appears to be varying degrees of inflicted confusion, ranging from tricking a person about a specific issue to making them lose all semblance of common sense, similar to the Imperius Curse, even to the point of endangering themselves.[1] The incantation is "Confundo."

Known Uses

Possible Uses

  • The Confundus Charm may be the spell that Ron Weasley was struck with by a Death Eater during the Battle of the Department of Mysteries. He was highly confused and inappropriately amused, even summoning brains to himself, which subsequently began to strangle him.[5]
  • In 1938, Albus Dumbledore may have used the Confundus Charm on Mrs. Cole; since the latter did not seem to facilitate Dumbledore's attempt to take Tom Marvolo Riddle to Hogwarts, and was said to be an "inconveniently sharp woman," Dumbledore waved his wand and showed her a blank piece of paper, and her eyes went briefly out of focus. She then let Dumbledore take Riddle without further questions, saying the blank paper was "perfectly in order."[4]


Confundus, as well as the incantation Confundo, are derived from the Latin verb confundo (confundo-confudi-confusum-confundere), "to confuse, to perplex." They could also be derived from the English word "confound". "Confundo" also means "I confuse" in Portuguese.

Behind the scenes


Notes and references

  1. If the Confundus Charm was the spell used on Ron Weasley in the Battle of the Department of Mysteries, it was strong enough to make him unable to protect himself and inclined to injure himself through recklessness, as he did in summoning the brains.
  2. Harry Potter and the Goblet of Fire
  3. Harry Potter and the Half-Blood Prince
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows
  5. Harry Potter and the Order of the Phoenix

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