At least some content in this article is derived from information featured in Fantastic Beasts: Cases from the Wizarding World. Spoilers will be present within the article.
Some content in this article is derived from information featured in Harry Potter and the Cursed Child, and, as such, spoilers will be present.
The Confundus Charm (Confundo) is a charm which causes confusion in a person or even an object, provided it has a mind to be confused. It appears that there are varying degrees of confusion caused by the spell, from simply tricking a person or thing about a specific incident to confusing a person to the point at which they endanger themselves.
The spell seems to be rather difficult to cast, as Severus Snape, a very powerful wizard who could flawlessly perform Nonverbal spell casting, had such trouble with it that he had to "frown in concentration". To cast it, one must point their wand directly at the person or thing that must be confused and incant, "Confundo". If one is casting the charm on multiple targets, they must point their wand at each individual target in turn and incant once for every individual target.
Although the spell carries no light or sound, one can detect if another person has been Confunded (someone who has had this spell cast on them has been "Confunded") only immediately after the spell has been cast; the person will shudder when the spell hits them. It will cause any of varying degrees of confusion, from a simple trick to making a person believe that they have come up with a complex plan when said plan was given to them by the caster.
It can also be used on inanimate objects that have a level of sentience, as Barty Crouch Jr did with the Goblet of Fire, though this was noted to be a difficult task, as the Goblet itself was a powerful magical artefact.
|Barty Crouch Jr||October 1995||The fake Moody used this charm to fool the Goblet of Fire into accepting Harry's name under a fourth school.|
|Hermione Granger||1996||Hermione used a Confundus Charm on McLaggen during Keeper tryouts in her sixth year.|
|Harry Potter||1 May, 1998||Cast by Harry on each of the two wizards outside the main entrance of Gringotts.|
|Severus Snape||July 1997||Snape used this charm on Mundungus Fletcher, suggested by Albus Dumbledore.|
|Unknown||1998||It was speculated that a Confundus Charm had been placed on Dawlish, who was known to be susceptible.|
|Ronald Weasley||2017||Admitted to using the charm on a Muggle driving instructor so that he would pass his driving test.|
|Delphini||2020||Used the Confundus Charm on Amos Diggory while impersonating his niece and carer.|
- Barty Crouch Jr
- Hermione Granger
- Ronald Weasley
- Severus Snape
- Harry Potter
- Albus Dumbledore
Behind the scenes
- In the films and video games, the incantation for this charm is Confundus, and not Confundo as it should be.
- Professor Severus Snape theorised to Minister Cornelius Fudge, and tried unsuccessfully to convince Albus Dumbledore into agreeing, that Sirius Black might have cursed Harry Potter and Hermione Granger with this charm; however, this was false, as Black was actually telling the truth. This, however, could merely have been a cover-up to attempt to protect Harry due to his lasting love for his mother, and the reason he did the same for Hermione and Ron may have been would seem odd if only Harry was supposedly Confunded when all three of them attacked him.
- Ronald Weasley used this spell to trick his Driving Examiner into letting him pass his driving test. This may constitute a breach of the International Statute of Secrecy, but it is unknown if Ron faced any repercussions about it. It is possible that it was not considered a breach if no one noticed that magic was used.
- In Fantastic Beasts and Where to Find Them, Newt Scamander may have cast the charm on a muggle that witnessed his creatures being unleashed from Jacob Kowalski's apartment, though it may have also been a Memory Charm or Memory Modifying Charm. Visually, the spell resembled the mist-like appearance of the Imperius Curse as it appeared in Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows: Part 2.
- Harry Potter and the Prisoner of Azkaban (First mentioned)
- Harry Potter and the Goblet of Fire (First appearance)
- Harry Potter and the Goblet of Fire (film) (Mentioned only)
- Harry Potter and the Goblet of Fire (video game) (GBA and DS versions)
- Harry Potter and the Half-Blood Prince
- Harry Potter and the Half-Blood Prince (film)
- Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows
- Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows: Part 1 (video game)
- Harry Potter and the Cursed Child (Mentioned only)
- Harry Potter and the Cursed Child (play) (Mentioned only)
- LEGO Harry Potter: Years 5-7
- Harry Potter: Spells
- Harry Potter Trading Card Game
- Pottermore (Book Herding on PlayStation Home)
- Fantastic Beasts: Cases from the Wizarding World (Mentioned only)
- Harry Potter: Hogwarts Mystery
Notes and references
- ↑ 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.5 Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows, Chapter 26 (Gringotts)
- ↑ 2.0 2.1 2.2 Harry Potter and the Goblet of Fire, Chapter 17 (The Four Champions)
- ↑ 3.0 3.1 3.2 Harry Potter and the Half-Blood Prince, Chapter 11 (Hermione's Helping Hand)
- ↑ Harry Potter and the Order of the Phoenix, Chapter 35 (Beyond the Veil)
- ↑ 5.0 5.1 Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows, Chapter 33 (The Prince's Tale)
- ↑ Cite error: Invalid
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- ↑ Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows - Epilogue (Nineteen Years Later)