"I see Charms as a slightly lighter subject than Transfiguration which is very hard work. With Charms there would be a little more leeway for a little more personal creativity— "
J.K.Rowling on the nature of charms work[src]

Charms is a core class and subject taught at Hogwarts School of Witchcraft and Wizardry and Ilvermorny School of Witchcraft and Wizardry. Unsurprisingly, it specialises in the teaching of charms. Even though mastering the science of charmwork is clearly essential to performing the greater part of magic, charmwork is seen as a "softer option" by some such as Augusta Longbottom who, incidentally, failed her Charms O.W.L.[1]

Professor Filius Flitwick taught Charms for many years. It was rumoured that his expertise with charmwork made him a duelling champion.

Class information

"They then spent over an hour revising Summoning Charms, which according to Professor Flitwick were bound to come up in their OWL, and he rounded off the lesson by setting them their largest ever amount of Charms homework."
—A fifth year Charms lesson, O.W.L. revision[src]
Charms class in 1991

A first year Charms lesson on the Levitation Charm

Charms is a required subject for all students in their first five years at Hogwarts School of Witchcraft and Wizardry. The spells learned in Charms class are taken from textbooks. Students are taught specific wand movements and proper pronunciation. Often students partner up in class to experiment on one another. Charms was Hermione Granger's favourite subject until she started Arithmancy in 1993.[2]


Professor Flitwick the charms master

In a student's fifth year they take the Ordinary Wizarding Level examinations. This exam contains a written portion and a practical portion. The written portion is made up of questions concerning the theory of charms and the practical is where students are judged upon the charms they can perform. Their O.W.L. scores decide what courses they'll be taking in their final years at Hogwarts. Only students who achieve a high O.W.L. score of either 'Outstanding' or 'Exceeds Expectations' may advance to N.E.W.T.-level.

Professor Flitwick was one of the kinder teachers at Hogwarts. Harry Potter, Ron Weasley, and Hermione Granger often enjoyed a "nice chat" in this class. This was the class where they used the Muffliato Charm as well. Harry was on at least fairly good terms with Professor Flitwick, as the professor spoke with Harry about the "perfect" Summoning Charm he used in the Triwizard Tournament.[3] Sometimes, Professor Flitwick, after trying and failing to get the class to concentrate, would allow the class to play games. One of these instances was just before the Yule Ball.

Location and time


Charms classes are held in Class 99 in the South Tower and Classroom 2E along the Charms Corridor on the third floor, near the Third-floor corridor. Classroom 2E has three rows of desks, all facing the teacher's table, behind which sits a large upholstered chair with a high back. Two blackboards flank the teacher's table, and behind them is a small shelf with books and other objects, beneath a pair of windows.[4]

Location times

Year Day Period
First Tuesday first
Second Monday unknown
Thursday second/third
Friday morning
Third second
Fourth Wednesday morning
Friday third
Fifth Thursday second/third
Sixth unknown unknown
Seventh Monday morning


First year

"Professor Flitwick called them one by one into his class to see if they could make a pineapple dance across the desk."
—First year exam in 1992[src]
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First year Charms class practising the Levitation Charm

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Second year

Third year

"Professor Flitwick did indeed test them on Cheering Charms."
—Third year exam in 1994[src]

Fourth year

"They were supposed to be practising the opposite of the Summoning Charm today — the Banishing Charm."
—The Charms class on the Banishing Charm[src]

Fifth year

Sixth year

"Hermione was the only one who had managed to turn vinegar into wine; her glass flask was full of deep crimson liquid."
—A N.E.W.T.-level charms lesson[src]

Known professors

Required textbooks





The Charms O.W.L. contains both a written section and a practical where the students are judged on the charms they can perform.


OWL exam paper

A Theory of Charms O.W.L. exam paper

"a) Give the incantation and
b) describe the wand movement required to make objects fly.
—Question on the Charms O.W.L.[src]


Known O.W.L.s


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Behind the scenes

  • In LEGO Harry Potter: Years 5-7, Lavender Brown, Draco Malfoy, Vincent Crabbe, and Gregory Goyle all appear to have passed their O.W.L.s, despite the fact that they weren't mentioned to have done so in the books.
  • In the German translation, "charm" is translated as "Zauber". The plural form is also "Zauber". The subject, however, is always called "Zauberkunst", which literally means "charm-art".
  • Charms is Warwick Davis's favourite subject.[12]
  • In Hogwarts Mystery, the Knockback jinx and the Full Body Bind Curse are covered in Charms class. This seems unusual, as defensive spells have not been shown as being part of the Charms curiculum, but Defence against the Dark Arts instead. Though jinxes, hexes and curses can be grouped together in a category called Dark charms.


Notes and references

  1. Harry Potter and the Half-Blood Prince
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 Harry Potter and the Philosopher's Stone
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 Harry Potter and the Goblet of Fire
  4. Pottermore
  5. Harry Potter: Hogwarts Mystery
  6. Hogwarts Mystery
  7. Harry Potter and the Prisoner of Azkaban, Chapter 8 (Flight of the Fat Lady)
  8. Hogwarts Mystery - year 3
  9. Hogwarts Mystery - year 3
  10. 10.0 10.1 10.2 10.3 10.4 Harry Potter and the Order of the Phoenix
  11. It's noted in the Half-Blood Prince that Riddle achieved high marks on every exam he took.

Charms (class)
Tumblr m1637aAs591qeb3sro5 r1 250
Professors: Filius Flitwick
Textbooks: The Standard Book of Spells · Achievements in Charming · Quintessence: A Quest
Charmbook writers and charm developers: Miranda Goshawk · Scarpin · Felix Summerbee · Randolph Keitch · Basil Horton · Mnemone Radford · Elliot Smethwyck · Jarleth Hobart · Delfina Crimp · Orabella Nuttley · Levina Monkstanley · Fred Weasley · George Weasley
Charms studied at Hogwarts: Levitation Charm · Fire-Making Charm · Softening Charm · Skurge · Aresto Momentum · Cheering Charm · Freezing Spell · Seize and Pull Charm · Summoning Charm · Banishing Charm · Silencing Charm · Mending Charm · Reductor Curse · Colour Change Charm · Growth Charm · Water-Making Spell · Locomotion Charm · Vinegar into Wine · Bird-Conjuring Charm

Wizarding Education
BeauxbatonsCrestClearBg Hogwartscrest Ilvermorny Crest 4 DurmstrangCrest
The Eleven Schools: Beauxbatons · Castelobruxo · Durmstrang · Hogwarts · Ilvermorny · Koldovstoretz · Mahoutokoro · Uagadou
Specialised schools: Academy of Broom Flying · Charm School · Euro-Glyph School of Extraordinary Languages · Merge School of Under-Water Spellage · Wizarding Academy of Dramatic Arts
Examinations: First year exams · Second year exams · Third year exams · Fourth year exams · Ordinary Wizarding Level · Nastily Exhausting Wizarding Test
Core classes: Astronomy · Charms · Defence Against the Dark Arts · Herbology · History of Magic · Potions · Transfiguration
Elective classes: Alchemy · Arithmancy · Care of Magical Creatures · Divination · Muggle Studies · Study of Ancient Runes
Extra-curricular classes: Apparition · Advanced Arithmancy Studies · Ancient Studies · Art · Flying · Frog Choir · Ghoul Studies · Hogwarts orchestra · Magical Theory · Muggle Art · Muggle Music · Music · Xylomancy