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Some content in this article is derived from information featured in Harry Potter and the Cursed Child, and, as such, spoilers will be present.
Canon is a word used to describe a fixed collection of material.
The tier-one canon only contains all the material proved to be coming from J.K. Rowling herself. She either wrote the following sources herself, was involved in writing/developing them and/or stated to consider them as canon herself. Texts in their original language, J.K. Rowling's British English and editions with corrections she approved are the most valuable. Only the illustrations, drawings, hand-lettering, etc. she created herself, the extra material she provided for some editions or copies as well as her own pronunciation, intonation, etc. (from videos and audio recordings of her reading her writings or talking about their content for example) also belong to this category. When J.K. Rowling contradicts herself, the newest source is to be taken as the "most" canon. The tier-one canon includes:
- The seven Harry Potter novels:
- Companion books to these novels:
- Quidditch Through the Ages
- Fantastic Beasts and Where to Find Them
- The Tales of Beedle the Bard
- Content from J.K. Rowling published in Pottermore Presents:
- Hogwarts: An Incomplete and Unreliable Guide
- Short Stories from Hogwarts of Power, Politics and Pesky Poltergeists
- Short Stories from Hogwarts of Heroism, Hardship and Dangerous Hobbies
- Original scripts for films and plays set in the Harry Potter universe:
- Harry Potter and the Cursed Child's story (only the story was co-developed by J.K. Rowling and considered canon by her)
- Fantastic Beasts and Where to Find Them: The Original Screenplay
- Short texts set in the Harry Potter universe:
- Other content and statements pertaining to the Harry Potter universe from:
- Any other element (from other sources) that can be proved to be coming from J.K. Rowling herself
Information from the Harry Potter films, games, and trading cards are considered canon as long as it does not contradict a higher source.
On the opposite end of the spectrum from canon is fanon, which consists of information, stories and supposition that has been created by fans, but which are not actually addressed in any of the canonical sources listed above.
The canonicity of the short film The Queen's Handbag is uncertain, given that it centres around a major anachronism - the date of Queen Elizabeth II's 80th birthday - and contains other elements that appear to contradict the continuity of the novels and the films.
Rowling was reportedly at work on a Harry Potter Encyclopedia project, but at this point work on it has apparently been discontinued in favour of Pottermore. Nevertheless, should it someday be completed, the information within will presumably be considered canon.
- ↑ Differences between editions of the books
- ↑ J.K. Rowling (@jk_rowling) on Twitter: "The story of #CursedChild should be considered canon, though. @jackthorne, John Tiffany (the director) and I developed it together."
- ↑ https://legacy.hp-lexicon.org/about/sources/source_cards.html
- ↑ 4.0 4.1 Including the detailed information no longer found on the current version of the website
- ↑ On numerous occasions, Rowling has provided information not included in the books or films, that has been used to expand upon character backstory. In particular the documentary J.K. Rowling: A Year in the Life includes a segment in which she provides names and character outcomes not covered elsewhere.
- ↑ For example, J.K. Rowling created/approved/was involved in the creation of some original content for non tier-one canon's sources such as the Wonderbook: Book of Spells, the Wonderbook: Book of Potions, the Harry Potter video games, the film series, the Wizarding World of Harry Potter, etc. if it ever happened that one specific element can be proved to have been originated directly from J.K. Rowling herself (or at least that she considers it canon) then this one element can be added to the tier-one. Unpublished/unused material Rowling created (such as early drafts, cut content, the script of deleted scenes from Fantastic Beasts and Where to Find Them (film), changes editors forced her to do, or ghost plots) has a specific status (see Examples of usage n°4).