"The Ministry of Magic wishes you a pleasant day..."
—The Welcome Witch's voice at the Ministry's headquarters[src]

The Ministry of Magic (M.o.M.) is the main governing body of the magical community of Great Britain (i.e. England, Scotland and Wales) and Ireland with the intention of preservation of magical law. The Ministry connects the British government to the wizarding world. The headquarters of the Ministry are in Whitehall,[2] in central London, deep underground.[3] It is headed by the Minister for Magic. As of 2019, the Minister of Magic is Hermione Granger. Each Prime Minister of Great Britain is visited by the Minister for Magic. During the height of the Dark Lord's power, the Minister for Magic worked with the Muggle Prime Minister to ensure protection for the Muggle world.

The Ministry of Magic was formed as a successor to the earlier Wizards' Council and came into being in 1707.[1] It was involved, in some capacity before its actual formation, in the International Confederation of Wizards' decision to enact the Statute of Secrecy in 1692 and still today takes the responsibility of enforcing said Statute in the United Kingdom. The laws against magic-use by underage wizards and against wand use by non-wizard folk are also enforced by the Ministry, in part to maintain secrecy.

Other countries, such as Norway, Germany, Bulgaria, etc.,[4] have their own Ministries of Magic.


Early years

18th Century

Ministry of Magic Logo

Ministry seal

The Ministry of Magic succeeded the earlier Wizards' Council. It was founded in 1707. Ulick Gamp became the first Minister for Magic. He was in office from 1707-1718. Previously head of the Wizengamot, Gamp had the onerous job of policing a fractious and frightened community adjusting to the imposition of the International Statute of Secrecy. His greatest legacy was to found the Department of Magical Law Enforcement.[1]

In 1717, the Ministry classified the Imperius, Cruciatus, and Avada Kedavra curses the Unforgivable Curses, with the strictest of penalties attached to their use.[5] By the 1990s, their use would command a life sentence in Azkaban.

Damocles Rowle was the Minister of Magic from 1718-1726. Rowle was elected on a platform of being 'tough on Muggles'. Censured by the International Confederation of Wizards, he was eventually forced to step down.[1] When the Ministry proposed a purpose-built wizarding prison on a remote Hibredean island, Rowle swiftly scrapped the plans and insisted on using Azkaban instead, which was carried through despite protests.

Perseus Parkinson was the Minister of Magic from 1726-1733. He attempted to pass a bill making it illegal to marry a Muggle. This proved to be against the public mood; the wizarding community, tired of anti-Muggle sentiment and wanting peace, voted him out at the first opportunity.[1] Parkinson was also pro-Azkaban.

Eldritch Diggory was the Minister of Magic from 1733-1747. He was a popular Minister who first established an Auror recruitment programme.[1] Diggory visited Azkaban and realised exactly what conditions inside were like. Prisoners were mostly insane and a graveyard had been established to accommodate those that died of despair. Diggory established a committee to explore alternatives to Azkaban, or at least to remove the Dementors as guards. Before they could reach any decision, however, Diggory caught dragon pox and died.[1]

Albert Boot was the Minister of Magic from 1747-1752. He was likeable, but inept and resigned after a mismanaged goblin rebellion.[1]

Basil Flack was the Minister of Magic from 1752-1752. He was the shortest serving Minister. Lasted two months; resigned after the goblins joined forces with werewolves.[1]

Hesphaestus Gore was the Minister of Magic from 1752-1770. Gore was one of the earliest Aurors. Successfully put down a number of revolts by magical beings, although historians feel his refusal to contemplate rehabilitation programmes for werewolves ultimately led to more attacks. Renovated and reinforced the prison of Azkaban.[1]

Maximilian Crowdy was the Minister of Magic from 1770-1781. Father of nine, Crowdy was a charismatic leader who routed out several extremist pure-blood groups planning Muggle attacks. His mysterious death in office has been the subject of numerous books and conspiracy theories.[1]

When the Revolutionary War began in 1775, the Ministry of Magic had to decide whether they were to intervene and help their Muggle neighbours. In 1777, the then President of the Magical Congress of the United States of America, Elizabeth McGilliguddy asked what they had decided to do. The Minister for Magic at the time was Maximilian Crowdy, who replied with a simple four word letter stating that they were "sitting this one out". Elizabeth replied with an even shorter letter stating "mind you do".[6]

Porteus Knatchbull was the Minister of Magic from 1781-1789. Was called in confidentially in 1782 by the Muggle Prime Minister of the day, Lord North, to see whether he could help with King George III's emerging mental instability. Word leaked out that Lord North believed in wizards, and he was forced to resign after a motion of no confidence.[1]

Unctuous Osbert was the Minister of Magic from 1789-1798. Widely seen as being too much influenced by pure-bloods of wealth and status.[1]

Artemisia Lufkin was the Minister from 1798-1811. First female Minister for Magic. Established Department of International Magical Co-operation and lobbied hard and successfully to have a Quidditch World Cup tournament held in Britain during her term.[1]

19th Century

Grogan Stump was the Minister from 1811-1819. Very popular Minister for Magic, a passionate Quidditch fan (Tutshill Tornados), established Department of Magical Games and Sports and managed to steer through legislation on magical beasts and beings that had long been a source of contention.[1]

Josephina Flint was the Minister from 1819-1827. Revealed an unhealthy anti-Muggle bias in office; disliked new Muggle technology such as the telegraph, which she claimed interfered with proper wand function.[1]

Ottaline Gambol was the Minister from 1827-1835. A much more forward-looking Minister, Gambol established committees to investigate Muggle brainpower which seemed, during this period of the British Empire, to be greater than some wizards had credited.[1]

Radolphus Lestrange was the Minister from 1835-1841. Reactionary who attempted to close down the Department of Mysteries, which ignored him. Eventually resigned due to ill health, which was widely rumoured to be inability to cope with the strains of office.[1]

Hortensia Milliphutt was the Minister from 1841-1849. Introduced more legislation than any other sitting Minister, much of it useful, but some wearisome (hat pointiness and so on), which ultimately resulted in her political downfall.[1]

Evangeline Orpington was the Minister from 1849-1855. A good friend of Queen Victoria's, who never realised that she was a witch, let alone Minister for Magic. Orpington is believed to have intervened magically (and illegally) in the Crimean War.[1]

Priscilla Dupont was the Minister from 1855-1858. Conceived an irrational loathing of the Muggle Prime Minister Lord Palmerston, to an extent that caused such trouble (coins turning to frogspawn in his coat pockets, etc.) that she was forced to step down. Ironically, Palmerston was forced to resign by the Muggles two days later.[1]

Dugald McPhail was the Minister from 1858-1865. A safe pair of hands. While the Muggle parliament underwent a period of marked upheaval, the Ministry of Magic knew a period of welcome calm.[1]

Faris "Spout-hole" Spavin was the Minister from 1865-1903. Longest-ever serving Minister for Magic, and also the most long-winded, he survived an 'assassination attempt' (kicking) from a centaur who resented the punchline of Spavin's infamous 'a centaur, a ghost and a dwarf walk into a bar' joke. Attended Queen Victoria's funeral in an admiral's hat and spats, at which point the Wizengamot suggested gently that it was time he move aside (Spavin was 147 when he left office).[1]

20th century

Venusia Crickerly was the Minister for Magic from 1903-1912. Second ex-Auror to take office and considered both competent and likeable, Crickerly died in a freak gardening accident (mandrake related).[1]

Archer Evermonde was the Minister from 1912-1923. In post during the Muggle First World War, Evermonde passed emergency legislation forbidding witches and wizards to get involved, lest they risk mass infractions of the International Statute of Secrecy. Thousands defied him, aiding Muggles where they could.[1]

Lorcan McLaird was the Minister from 1923-1925. A gifted wizard, but an unlikely politician, McLaird was an exceptionally taciturn man who preferred to communicate in monosyllables and expressive puffs of smoke that he produced through the end of his wand. Forced from office out of sheer irritation at his eccentricities.[1]

Hector Fawley was the Minister of Magic from 1925-1939. Undoubtedly voted in because of his marked difference to McLaird, the ebullient and flamboyant Fawley did not take sufficiently seriously the threat presented to the world wizarding community by Gellert Grindelwald. He paid with his job.[1]

Leonard Spencer-Moon was the Minister from 1939-1948. A sound Minister who rose through the ranks from being tea-boy in the Department of Magical Accidents and Catastrophes. Oversaw a great period of international wizarding and Muggle conflict. Enjoyed a good working relationship with Winston Churchill.[1]

Wilhelmina Tuft was the Minister from 1948-1959. Cheery witch who presided over a period of welcome peace and prosperity. Died in office after discovering, too late, her allergy to Alihotsy-flavoured fudge.[1]

Ignatius Tuft was the Minister from 1959-1962. Son of the above. A hard-liner who capitalised on his mother's popularity to gain election. Promised to institute a controversial and dangerous Dementor breeding programme and was forced from office.[1]

Nobby Leach was the Minister from 1962-1968. First Muggle-born Minister for Magic, his appointment caused consternation among the old (pure-blood) guard, many of whom resigned government posts in protest. Has always denied having anything to do with England's 1966 Quidditch World Cup win. Left office after contracting mysterious illness (conspiracy theories abound).[1]

Eugenia Jenkins was the Minister from 1968-1975. Jenkins dealt competently with pure-blood riots during Squib Rights marches in the late sixties, but was soon confronted with the first rise of Lord Voldemort. Jenkins was soon ousted from office as inadequate to the challenge.[1]

Harold Minchum was the Minister from 1975-1980. Seen as a hard-liner, he placed even more Dementors around Azkaban, but was unable to contain Voldemort's apparently unstoppable rise to power.[1]

Millicent Bagnold was the Minister from 1980-1990. A highly able Minister, she had to answer to the International Confederation of Wizards for the number of breaches of the International Statute of Secrecy on the day and night after Harry Potter survived Lord Voldemort's attack. Acquitted herself magnificently with the now infamous words: 'I assert our inalienable right to party', which drew cheers from all present.[1]

Shortly before Minister Millicent Bagnold's retirement in 1990, many of the wizarding population wanted Albus Dumbledore to become Minister.[3] He was offered the job four times,[7] but turned it down, because of his previous negative experiences with power.

Four Death Eaters are tried before the Council of Magical Law

The most likely person to become Minister from that point on was Bartemius Crouch Senior, who as Head of the Department of Magical Law Enforcement had gained popularity from his purges of Death Eaters after the first fall of Lord Voldemort, including arresting his own son for participating in the Cruciatus Curse torture of Alice and Frank Longbottom.[8] However, he fell out of favour when people suspected that his son's actions and death in Azkaban were the result of Crouch neglecting his son and by not spending enough time at home due to his ministerial pursuits.[8]

Under Cornelius Fudge

"He's not back!"
—Cornelius Fudge denying the evidence of Voldmort's return and growing power[src]

Cornelius Fudge was Minister for Magic during the events surrounding Lord Voldemort's second rise to power. He became Minister for Magic in 1990[9] and stayed on as Minister until being sacked on 2 July 1996.[10] Early on in his administration he requested frequent help from wizards such as Albus Dumbledore, but he later became suspicious of Dumbledore and believed that he was trying to usurp Fudge's position.


In the summer of 1992, Head of the Misuse of Magical Artefacts Office Arthur Weasley proposed a Muggle Protection Act, leading to a massive Ministry crackdown for illegally enchanted or dark objects.At the same time, the Improper Use of Magic Office sent Harry Potter a letter of reprimand after the Malfoy family house-elf, Dobby, performed magic in an attempt to keep him away from Hogwarts. In early 1993, Fudge went to Hogwarts to send Rubeus Hagrid to Azkaban on suspicion of opening the Chamber of Secrets, an accusation that had led to his expulsion from Hogwarts 50 years earlier. Hagrid was freed in June.


Sirius Black wanted poster

In the summer of 1993, convicted mass-murderer Sirius Black escaped from Azkaban, leading to a massive Ministry manhunt. In early 1994, Severus Snape captured Black and returned him to Fudge's custody, but Harry Potter and Hermione Granger had earlier discovered that Black was not really to blame for the crimes of which he was accused, and helped him escape, thus making the Ministry a "laughingstock".[11]

Daily prophet the boy who lies

Daily Prophet smear campaign against Harry Potter

Organising the 1994-1995 Triwizard Tournament involved substantial efforts from the Department of International Magical Cooperation, the Department of Magical Games and Sports, and other parts of the Ministry. The Tournament concluded with the death of Cedric Diggory and the Rebirth of Lord Voldemort on 24 June, 1995. Fudge refused to believe Dumbledore and Harry Potter's accounts of these events, leading Dumbledore to re-activate the Order of the Phoenix to counter Voldemort. Because of Fudge's refusal to see the truth the wizarding community was put at a disadvantage when dealing with the immanent threat of Lord Voldemort and his followers.


"Blatant corruption! The Ministry did not cut deals with petty criminals in my day, no sir, they did not!"
Dexter Fortescue after learning the Ministry's deal with criminal Willy Widdershins[src]
The Hearing

Harry Potter's hearing for the use of underage magic

After Voldemort's return, the Ministry campaigned to discredit Albus Dumbledore and Harry Potter, as Fudge, his mind "twisted and warped by fear", refused to believe this horrifying truth. This trend of attempting to minimise the immediate damage included the Ministry's attempts to get Harry drummed out of the wizarding community, forcing teachers and oversight on Hogwarts, removing privileges from Dumbledore and anyone who accepted his statement that Voldemort had returned, and encouraging the Daily Prophet to publish stories denigrating Dumbledore and Harry. On 12 August, Harry was summoned to a disciplinary hearing at the Ministry, pertaining to what the Ministry termed "offences committed under the Decree for the Reasonable Restriction of Underage Sorcery and the International Statute of Secrecy". The hearing was changed to a full court trial, which was unorthodox and was outside the context of the law, in a biassed attempt to further discredit Harry.[12]

Daily prophet bellatrix

Daily Prophet, mass Azkaban breakout

Finally the Ministry had to hide the reason for the mass breakout from Azkaban, as the Ministry could not explain, or justify, the defection of the Dementors. Lord Voldemort and his Death Eaters tried to retrieve a specific prophecy pertaining to Harry Potter and Lord Voldemort from the Hall of Prophecy on Level Nine, the Department of Mysteries. In order to do that, they placed both Broderick Bode[13] and Sturgis Podmore[14] under the Imperius Curse, to no avail, as only Harry could take it from its shelf.

E48076dbab 86197687 o2

Daily Prophet confirms Voldemort's return

Shortly after midnight on 18 June, 1996, the Death Eaters lured Harry and and five other Dumbledore's Army members into the deserted Ministry. A battle broke out over a prophesy concerning Harry and the Dark Lord. The D.A. members did well holding the Death Eaters at bay until help arrived. The Order of the Phoenix went to rescue them, and the Death Chamber standoff ensued, which resulted in the death of Sirius Black at the hands of his cousin Bellatrix Lestrange. The standoff also included a duel between Voldemort and Dumbledore in the Atrium of the Ministry.[15] After the battle, Fudge and several other witnesses saw Voldemort with their own eyes, and this position of denial became untenable. Thus, the Ministry was forced to acknowledge the return of the Dark Lord and Fudge was unceremoniously replaced by Rufus Scrimgeour, although Fudge was allowed to aid in an "advisory capacity".[16] The public was then made aware of the growing threat to its population and this marked the start of open warfare.

Under Rufus Scrimgeour

"Maybe the Ministry should put some people onto that, instead of wasting their time stripping down Deluminators or covering up breakouts from Azkaban... People are dying — I was nearly one of them — Voldemort chased me across three counties, he killed Mad-Eye Moody, but there’s no word about any of that from the Ministry, has there? And you still expect us to cooperate with you!"
—Harry Potter's position regarding the way the Ministry is operating[src]

In response to the war situation the country was facing, Rufus Scrimgeour, the previous Head of the Auror Office, was appointed Fudge's successor on 2 July 1996,[10] and was responsible for the creation of several new bureaucracy, such as Office for the Detection and Confiscation of Counterfeit Defensive Spells and Protective Objects.[17]


Typical Ministry of Magic poster warning about the dangers of the Death Eaters during Scrimgeour's time as Minister

Despite this, Scrimgeour did not fare much better than Fudge. Again reacting to public opinion, Scrimgeour tried desperately to make the Ministry look like it was making progress, despite the reality being to the contrary, such as by wrongfully imprisoning Stan Shunpike. Under Scrimgeour's regime there was no progress. He was too concerned with the appearance of false safety, something that would ultimately lead to his downfall and the downfall of the Ministry.

Harry had two meetings with Scrimgeour, in which Harry Potter's co-operation with the Ministry was solicited for his propaganda value: the Ministry wanted Harry to be the "poster child" for the Ministry so as to give the public hope, by telling them that the Ministry remained a source of safety, strength, and that "the Chosen One" endorsed the Ministry's investigations. Harry turned Scrimgeour down flat both times. Harry made it perfectly clear that he did not approve of what the Ministry was doing and made his opinion of Scrimgeour known. This lead the Minister of Magic to believe that Harry was arrogant and the two parted on bad terms. The two remained on bad terms during the reading of the last will and testament of Dumbledore and it came to an argument in which Scrimgeour lost control of his temper and Harry stated that he will never cooperate with the Ministry if they keep conducting themselves as they have previously done.

Tumblr ma1hc4qBpM1r2trgvo1 250

Scrimgeour's dark times speech

In the summer of 1997, shortly after Albus Dumbledore's murder, the Atrium at the Ministry was the setting for a speech by Scrimgeour about the "dark times" in which the wizarding world was living, and how the Ministry remained "strong" and active in the fight against the dark forces.[18] In the meantime, the Death Eaters were managing to infiltrate the Ministry by magically controlling some of the its higher-ranking officials.[19] As a result, later in the summer, on the evening of 1 August, 1997, the Ministry was the stage of a silent coup, during which Scrimgeour was murdered[20] while refusing to give the Death Eaters any information on Harry Potter.[21]

Under Pius Thicknesse

"You have nothing to fear if you have nothing to hide."
Pius Thicknesse speaking on the Ministry of Magic's new stance on Muggle-borns[src]
Thicknesse regime

Four consequential members of the new regime: from left to right, Albert Runcorn (investigator of alleged Muggle-borns), Dolores Umbridge (Head of the Muggle-Born Registration Commission), Pius Thicknesse (Minister for Magic), and Corban Yaxley (Head of the Department of Magical Law Enforcement)

After the Death Eater coup, the Ministry of Magic was headed by Pius Thicknesse, who was under Death Eater control by the Imperius Curse; Voldemort chose not to openly reveal himself as Minister, to keep an atmosphere of fear and uncertainty within the community. Much more security was added to the building. In addition, lower-ranking employees were now forced to go to work via a toilet network,[22] accessible inside a set of underground public toilets in Whitehall; only the senior-ranking personnel are permitted Apparition and Floo Network access.[22] The Ministry became very corrupt under Pius's time in office. 


Mudbloods and the Dangers They Pose to a Peaceful Pure-Blood Society

Under Thicknesse's control, the Ministry became totalitarian, placing surveillance upon those of whom it was suspicious, such as Arthur Weasley, and creating the Muggle-Born Registration Commission to prosecute Muggle-borns for allegedly stealing magic. Unfair trials were held in to weed out Muggle-borns and to give the impression of justice, although it was anything but. The Ministry also acquired the motto 'Magic is Might', which was inscribed upon a sculpture with a witch and wizard sitting on thrones made of Muggles.[23] Death Eaters such as Yaxley gained high positions within the Ministry, as well.

Snatchers or bounty hunters were also employed by the Ministry. Snatchers appeared to be a relatively informal organisation with the main purpose of rounding up or arresting Muggle-borns and "blood traitors". Snatcher camps were set up all over England. If they caught their intended targets, said targets were killed or sent to Azkaban.

After the Battle of Hogwarts

In 1998, after the destruction of Lord Voldemort and the end of the Second Wizarding War, Kingsley Shacklebolt became Minister for Magic and led a massive reform of the Ministry, in effort to weed out corruption and prejudice.[24] Kingsley replenished the Auror office and saw that the Death Eaters that escaped custody were caught and tried for their crimes against the wizarding community. The revitalisation and reform included the efforts of Harry Potter and Ron Weasley in the Auror Office, and Hermione Granger advancing the rights of non-humans, and eradicating pro-pure-blood laws in the Department for the Regulation and Control of Magical Creatures and later the Department of Magical Law Enforcement.[25] The Ministry is now a much happier place to work thanks to the reforms.

Government structure

"All right, Fudge is leaning on the Prophet, but it comes to the same thing. They won't print a story that shows Harry in a good light. Nobody wants to read it. It's against the public mood. This last Azkaban breakout has got people quite worried enough. People just don't want to believe You-Know-Who's back."
—Rita Skeeter on the Daily Prophet's role during the campaign to discredit Albus Dumbledore and Harry Potter[src]

Daily Prophet Header

The Ministry's employees are largely unelected, but the Minister for Magic is elected by an unknown group.[3] Employment with the Ministry can be obtained directly upon completion of a wizarding education,[26] although different offices require different levels of education and sometimes specific exam results. Both the Minister and the Ministry as a whole are seen to be sensitive to wizard public opinion, which they attempt to influence via the wizarding newspaper the Daily Prophet.[3]

The Ministry of Magic have no rights to punish Hogwarts students for misdemeanours, nor do they have privilege of their expulsion and wand confiscation unless charges have been successfully proven and passed. Dumbledore made it clear to Fudge that the Ministry has little influence on the detailed workings within the school, which Fudge tried to change with a series of Educational Decrees, effectively annexing the school into the government.[12]

Minister for Magic

The Minister for Magic is the elected leader of the Ministry. The Minister and Support Staff occupy Level One of the Ministry. During the puppet regime set up by Lord Voldemort in 1997-1998, this level also housed the office of the Head of the Muggle-Born Registration Commission.

It includes these offices:


The Ministry has seven departments in all, each dealing with different aspects of the wizarding world, with the Department of Magical Law Enforcement being the largest and all others more or less answering to it (except the Department of Mysteries).

Each Department has a level of Ministry Headquarters assigned to it, although Law Enforcement has not only level two but also the courtrooms of level ten. There are also many minor offices within the departments. The departments communicate through "interdepartmental memos" written on pale-violet paper aeroplanes, which fly on their own to destinations, because previous routine use of owls for messages within the Ministry caused an excess of dirtying by owl droppings and moulted feathers. The known departments and their offices are the following:

Department of Magical Law Enforcement

"Level two, Department of Magical Law Enforcement, including the Improper Use of Magic Office, Auror Headquarters, and Wizengamot Administration Services."
—Description of Auror headquarters[src]
Department of Magical Law Enforcement
The Department of Magical Law Enforcement is a combination of police and justice facilities and has power over all other departments except the Department of Mysteries. It includes the following offices:
Auror Office
Office for the Detection and Confiscation of Counterfeit Defensive Spells and Protective Objects
Misuse of Muggle Artefacts Office
Improper Use of Magic Office
Wizengamot Administration Services

Department of Magical Accidents and Catastrophes

"Level Three, Department of Magical Accidents and Catastrophes, incorporating the Accidental Magic Reversal Squad, Obliviator Headquarters and Muggle-Worthy Excuse Committee."
—Voice of lift at the Ministry of Magic[src]
Department of Magical Accidents and Catastrophes
The Department of Magical Accidents and Catastrophes is responsible for repairing accidental magical damage. It includes the following offices:
Accidental Magic Reversal Squad
Obliviator Headquarters
Muggle-Worthy Excuse Committee
Invisibility Task Force
Muggle Liaison Office

Department for the Regulation and Control of Magical Creatures

"Each wizarding governing body will be responsible for the concealment, care and control of all magical beasts, beings, and spirits dwelling within its territory's borders. Should any such creature cause harm to, or draw the notice of, the Muggle community, that nation's wizarding governing body will be subject to discipline by the International Confederation of Wizards."
—Clause 73 of the International Statute of Wizarding Secrecy[src]
Department for the Regulation and Control of Magical Creatures logo
The Department for the Regulation and Control of Magical Creatures is responsible for studying, regulating, and controlling magical creatures. It includes the following offices:
Beast Division
Being Division
Spirit Division
Goblin Liaison Office
Centaur Liaison Office
Pest Advisory Board
Office of Misinformation

Department of International Magical Cooperation

"Level Five, Department of International Magical Cooperation, incorporating the International Magical Trading Standards Body, the International Magical Office of Law and the International Confederation of Wizards, British Seats."
—Voice of lift at the Ministry of Magic[src]
Department of International Magical Cooperation
The Department of International Magical Cooperation deals with foreign affairs, both political and public.[26] It includes the following offices:
International Magical Trading Standards Body
International Magical Office of Law
International Confederation of Wizards, British Seats

Department of Magical Transportation

"Level Six, Department of Magical Transportation, incorporating the Floo Network Authority, Broom Regulatory Control, Portkey Office and Apparition Test Centre."
—Voice of lift at the Ministry of Magic[src]
Department of Magical Transportation
The Department of Magical Transportation is responsible for various aspects of magical transportation. It includes the following offices:
Floo Network Authority
Broom Regulatory Control
Portkey Office
Apparition Test Centre

Department of Magical Games and Sports

"Level seven, Department of Magical Games and Sports, incorporating the British and Irish Quidditch League Headquarters, Official Gobstones Club, and Ludicrous Patents Office."
—Voice of lift at the Ministry of Magic[src]
DMGS logo
The Department of Magical Games and Sports deals with organising sports events and enforcing game-related laws and regulations. It includes the following offices:
British and Irish Quidditch League Headquarters
Official Gobstones Club
Ludicrous Patents Office

Department of Mysteries

"The lift clattered into view and they hurried inside. Every time it stopped Mr Weasley cursed furiously and pummelled the number nine button. 'Department of Mysteries,' said the cool female voice, and left it at that."
—Voice of lift at the Ministry of Magic[src]
Department of Mysteries
The Department of Mysteries, located on Level Nine, is a section of the Ministry of Magic that carries out confidential research regarding particular enigmas (death, time, space, thought, and love) and stores copies of prophecies. Most of its operations are carried out in total secrecy from the general wizard populace.[15] The Department contains the following chambers in which various mysteries of life are studied:
Brain Room
Space Chamber
Death Chamber
Time Room
Hall of Prophecy
Love Chamber (a.k.a. The Ever-Locked Room)

Other Offices

"A long-awaited Ministry for Magic [sic] report made public today warns against the dangers of underestimating Muggles. A Study into Muggle Suspicions about Magic draws conclusions which may shock the wizarding community. Professor Phoebus Penrose, who headed the committee which drew up the report, says that Muggles are more observant than we might like to think."
Daily Prophet, 31 July 1998[src]
Department of Magical Education logo
The Ministry contains several other departments:
Committee on Experimental Charms
Magical Maintenance Department
Ministry of Magic Public Information Services
Department of Magical Education
Very Important Members of Section M.I. Trx.
Wizarding Examinations Authority
Ministry of Magic research committee
Ministry of Magic exploding bonbons disposal unit
Foreign Affairs and Sports Department

Possible offices or affiliates


Ministers for Magic

Main article: Minister for Magic

The following is a list of the Ministers for Magic and their tenures in office:

Wizard(s) Date
Ulick Gamp (17071718)
Damocles Rowle (17181726)
Perseus Parkinson (17261733)
Eldritch Diggory (17331747)
Albert Boot (17471752)
Basil Flack (17521752)
Hesphaestus Gore (17521770)
Maximilian Crowdy (17701781)
Porteus Knatchbull (17811789)
Unctuous Osbert (17891798)
Artemisia Lufkin (17981811)
Grogan Stump (18111819)
Josephina Flint (18191827)
Ottaline Gambol (18271835)
Radolphus Lestrange (18351841)
Hortensia Milliphutt (18411849)
Evangeline Orpington (18491855)
Priscilla Dupont (18551858)
Dugald McPhail (18581865)
Faris Spavin (18651903)
Venusia Crickerly (19031912)
Archer Evermonde (19121923)
Lorcan McLaird (19231925)
Hector Fawley (19251939)
Leonard Spencer-Moon (19391948)
Wilhelmina Tuft (19481959)
Ignatius Tuft (19591962)
Nobby Leach (19621968)
Eugenia Jenkins (19681975)
Harold Minchum (19751980)
Millicent Bagnold (19801990)
Cornelius Fudge (19901 July, 1996)
Rufus Scrimgeour (1 July, 19961 August, 1997)
Pius Thicknesse (1 August, 19972 May, 1998) (Imperiused)
Kingsley Shacklebolt (2 May, 1998—before 2019)
Hermione Granger (c. 2019 -?)

Following the revelation that Voldemort was back, Fudge was replaced as Minister as he had denied the truth for nearly a year. He was replaced by Rufus Scrimgeour, before he was killed by Voldemort and replaced by Pius Thicknesse acting under the influence of the Imperius Curse and put in power by Voldemort.

Kingsley Shacklebolt, replaced Voldemort's puppet Thicknesse at the end of the Second Wizarding War and he reformed the Ministry. By 2019, Hermione Granger was elected Minister for Magic.

Albus Dumbledore was offered the job of Minister and refused it at least four times. In his latter days at Hogwarts, Tom Riddle was widely predicted to become Minister as he had great intelligence and magical talent along with a great talent for creating strategic alliances with people. He could also gather followers to serve his interests. However, Riddle refused every opportunity to work at the Ministry, as a career in the government did not strike his interest.

Heads of Departments and Offices

Wizard(s) Notes
Justus Pilliwickle Head of Magical Law Enforcement
Amelia Bones Head of Department of Magical Law Enforcement, murdered by Voldemort
Bartemius Crouch Snr Head of Department of International Magical Cooperation; previously served as head of Department of Magical Law Enforcement
Ludovic Bagman Head of Department of Magical Games and Sports
Percy Weasley Head of Department of Magical Transportation, previously served as Assistant to the Head of Department of International Magical Cooperation and Junior Assistant to the Minister for Magic under Cornelius Fudge, Rufus Scrimgeour and Pius Thicknesse
Bob Ogden

Head of the Magical Law Enforcement Office
Arthur Weasley Head of the Office for the Detection and Confiscation of Counterfeit Defensive Spells and Protective Objects (under Rufus Scrimgeour); previously served as Head of the Misuse of Muggle Artefacts Office (under Cornelius Fudge)
Cuthbert Mockridge Head of the Goblin Liaison Office
Dirk Cresswell
Gawain Robards Previous head of the Auror office
Corban Yaxley Head of Magical Law Enforcement under Lord Voldemort's regime
Harry Potter Former head of the Auror office, now the head of the Department of Magical Law Enforcement

Other personnel


Broderick Bode

"Unspeakable," Department of Mysteries
John Dawlish Auror
Amos Diggory Department for the Regulation and Control of Magical Creatures
Madam Edgecombe Floo Network Office
Mafalda Hopkirk Improper Use of Magic Office
Alice Longbottom (permanent medical leave)  Auror
Frank Longbottom (permanent medical leave) 
Walden Macnair Committee for the Disposal of Dangerous Creatures
Bertha Jorkins

Department of Magical Games and Sports
Alastor "Mad-Eye" Moody Auror
Eric Munch Watchwizard
Arnold Peasegood Obliviator
Perkins Arthur Weasley's co-worker in the Misuse of Muggle Artefacts Office
Proudfoot Auror, one of the guardians of Hogwarts
Newt Scamander Beast Division, Department for the Regulation and Control of Magical Creatures, retired, and author of Fantastic Beasts and Where to Find Them
Nymphadora Tonks Auror
Dolores Umbridge Senior Undersecretary to the Minister for Magic under Cornelius Fudge
Gilbert Wimple On the Committee on Experimental Charms
Ron Weasley Previously an Auror
Neville Longbottom

Muggle relations

The Ministry keeps in touch with the Muggle Prime Minister of the United Kingdom through the help of a portrait in the Downing Street office.[16] The portrait is fixed to the wall with a Permanent Sticking Charm so no Muggles will be able to remove it, and the subject of the painting will notify the Prime Minister of Muggles of the Minister for Magic's impending arrivals.[27] The British Crown, including the Prime Minister of the United Kingdom and the Monarch, are in full knowledge of the Ministry.

Each new Muggle Prime Minister receives a visit from the Minister for Magic, who informs him or her that the wizarding world exists. He explains that he will contact the Prime Minister only in circumstances in which the events of the wizard world may affect Muggles. For example, the Minister has to inform the Prime Minister if dangerous magical artefacts or animals are to be brought into the U.K.

The Ministry keeps in touch with the British Prime Minister via a portrait depicting Ulick Gamp,[1] in the Prime Minister's office at 10 Downing Street. The portrait, which cannot be removed from the wall (because of a Permanent Sticking Charm in place), notifies the Prime Minister of the Minister for Magic's arrival via the Floo Network.[16] No Muggle Prime Minister has ever set foot in the Ministry of Magic; as summed up by former Minister Dugald McPhail, "their puir wee braines couldnae cope wi' it".[1] Ministers Cornelius Fudge and Rufus Scrimgeour tended to act in a somewhat patronising manner towards the Muggle Prime Minister.[16]

Magic is might concept artwork

Conceptual design of the 'Magic is Might' statue

However, after the Fall of the Ministry of Magic into the hands of Lord Voldemort and Pius Thicknesse became minister as Voldemort's puppet, a new era of Wizard-Muggle relations was brought on that was more in line with Death Eater ideology. These actions included the instalment of the "Magic is Might" statue in the Ministry Atrium to replace the Fountain of Magical Brethren, which depicts a witch and wizard on top of a throne made from the bodies of crude-looking Muggles.

Undesirable no. 1

Harry Potter labelled as "Undesirable No. 1" by the Ministry

While prejudiced depictions of Muggles were taught by professors Amycus and Alecto Carrow at Hogwarts School under its new headmaster, Severus Snape, the Ministry began claiming that Muggle-borns "stole" their magic from "real" witches and wizards. The Muggle-Born Registration Commission, headed by Dolores Umbridge, was set up to persecute and imprison Muggle-borns. Furthermore, the Snatchers organisation was formed in an attempt to round up any Muggle-borns or blood traitors on the run. People with known connections to the Order of the Phoenix or sympathies for Muggles, such as Arthur Weasley, were put under surveillance, and a reward for the capture of Harry Potter, known to the Ministry as "Undesirable No. 1", was offered.

Presumably, after Voldemort's defeat and Kingsley Shacklebolt's installation of Minister for Magic, the cruel, prejudiced measures imposed under the Death Eater regime towards Muggles (such as the Muggle-Born Registration Commission) were abolished and the Ministry went on communicating with the Muggle Prime Minister when necessary.


The magical government sometimes has given the impression of, at various times, either incompetence or malice, which are demonstrated by successful break-outs from Azkaban and the campaign to discredit Albus Dumbledore and Harry Potter, respectively. The Ministry has been known to be corrupt in nature, as it is shown to be quite prepared to decree and enforce draconian laws without notice, and seem uninterested in solving serious problems, choosing instead to ignore or cover up bad news. More often than not, the Ministry was focused on positive publicity rather than genuine betterment of the community, and took the pressures from the satisfaction of the majority citizens as a factor to their decisions.

More than half of the personnel within the Ministry are unable to perform the Shield Charm, resulting in them requiring to use the Shield Hats for protection.


Dolores Umbridge: "I have testimony from Willy Widdershins, Minerva, who happened to be in the bar at the time. He was heavily bandaged, it's true, but his hearing was quite unimpaired. He heard every word Potter said and hastened straight to the school to report to me--"
Minerva McGonagall: "Oh, so that's why he wasn't prosecuted for setting up all those regurgitating toilets! What an interesting insight into our justice system!"
Dexter Fortescue: "Blatant corruption! The Ministry did not cut deals with petty criminals in my day, no sir, they did not!"
Umbridge, McGonagall, and the portrait of Fortescue discussing the Ministry's actions[src]

The Ministry of Magic gives an appearance of, at various times, either confounding incompetence or malice. The Ministry has been seen to decree and enforce harsh and tyrannical laws without notice. The few rights that human wizards do have are denied to non-humans. Even people who have been later found to be innocent have been subjected to the horrors of Azkaban, and not all of the accused are given trials, as was the case with Sirius Black. Sloppy police work led the Ministry to sentence Morfin Gaunt to his second term in Azkaban, for life, without properly investigating the situation for the crime he was accused of; by the time contradicting evidence was presented, he was weakened by the prison and died, at which the Ministry simply let his corpse be buried alongside the other inmates who expired within the walls, never bothering to give him a more proper final resting place despite being wrongfully imprisoned. Modern governments would ostensibly consider some of the actions of the Ministry to be cruel and inhumane. Under the direction of Minister Cornelius Fudge, trials were short and did not employ juries; instead, a Wizarding Council heard every case regardless of what prior knowledge they had of this case, it was unlikely to be able to appeal the verdict and lawyers were not allowed. It is likely that conditions have improved with the new administration. During Hagrid's appeal case before the Committee for the Disposal of Dangerous Creatures, the executioner (Walden Macnair) was present with his axe before a verdict was even decided on, and mostly the Committee's decisions are influenced by Lucius Malfoy, who threatens and intimidates the members into doing his bidding.

During Bartemius Crouch Senior's tenure as the Head of the Department of Magical Law Enforcement, he legalised the usage of the Unforgivable Curses, underwent the principles of fighting violence with violence, kill rather than capture, attack first and ask questions later, and imprison many suspects without trials. His cruel and ruthless methods made him as bad as the Death Eaters he sought to defeat, and has corrupted the magical community at large, as they came to believe he was doing the right thing, and that there was no other method to win the war. However, Crouch was seemingly more worried about his own reputation and rise of rank than genuine justice, as he sentenced his son to a life term in Azkaban despite ambiguous evidence of the situation that his son was allegedly involved in, and tried (unsuccessfully) to imprison Ludovic Bagman for unwittingly giving information to the Death Eaters, more so because he disliked the man than a proper sentencing. He even accepted a plea bargain from Death Eater Igor Karkaroff, releasing him from incarceration in exchange for information. It was only after the war has ended and the people finally managed to calm themselves from their savage approvals of Crouch's methodologies did they finally saw how cruel he was and socially shunned him for his corruption.

As a sign of corruption, Ministry officials tend to accepting plea bargains from criminals to advance what they deem progress in exchange for leniency, if not outright soliciting bribes. Known dealings are Barty Crouch Snr granting Igor Karkaroff parole in exchange for names of Death Eaters, Dolores Umbridge not prosecuting Willy Widdershins for Muggle-baiting in exchange for spying on a gathering of students, and Umbridge later releasing Mundungus Fletcher by accepting a bribe. Likewise, Cornelius Fudge has a tendency for being discreetly bribed by Lucius Malfoy's frequent donation of gold to important establishments to reveal classified information, delay certain laws, and return with undeserved gifts. Arcturus Black also bribed the Ministry with a huge sum of gold (officially written as "services to the Ministry") to undeservedly earn the Order of Merlin, First Class.


The large banner of Cornelius Fudge that used to hang in the atrium, assuring the public that all was well and thus denying the clear evidence of Voldemort's return

After the return of Lord Voldemort, the minister at the time, Cornelius Fudge, refused to believe that the evil wizard was back despite mounting evidence, and the Ministry even mounted a campaign to damage Harry Potter's credibility, an effort fuelled in part by Fudge's on paranoid fear that Albus Dumbledore wanted his job. Eventually, the Ministry was forced to acknowledge the emergency and act. Fudge was removed from office for incompetence and replaced by Rufus Scrimgeour.

Rufus became as bad as Crouch Snr, making scape goats locking the wrong people in Azkaban such as Stan Shunpike, to try and make it look like the Ministry was doing a good job. When he asked Harry to be a mascot so that the public would support them, Harry refused because he knew it was still corrupt.

After the Fall of the Ministry of Magic, the entire Ministry was under Voldemort and doing his bidding under the puppet government headed by Pius Thicknesse. The various laws implemented in this regime included in the persecution and harassment of Muggle-borns and Muggles and propaganda suggesting the inferiority of Muggles and how they should be treated as sub-humans by wizards. However, after Lord Voldemort's fall and Kingsley Shacklebolt being appointed minister, Harry, Ron, and Hermione work for the Ministry and change it in ways to make it drastically less corrupt.


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Behind the Scenes

  • The British Ministry was the first wizarding government introduced in canon.


The Harry Potter Wiki has 67 images related to British Ministry of Magic.

See also

External links

Notes and references

  1. 1.00 1.01 1.02 1.03 1.04 1.05 1.06 1.07 1.08 1.09 1.10 1.11 1.12 1.13 1.14 1.15 1.16 1.17 1.18 1.19 1.20 1.21 1.22 1.23 1.24 1.25 1.26 1.27 1.28 1.29 1.30 1.31 1.32 1.33 1.34 1.35 Writing by J.K. Rowling: "Ministers for Magic" at Pottermore
  2. "Challenge mode tests wizarding skills" at the Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows: Part 1 (video game) official site
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 3.3 Harry Potter and the Order of the Phoenix, Chapter 7 (The Ministry of Magic)
  4. Harry Potter and the Goblet of Fire, Chapter 5 (Weasley's Wizard Wheezes)
  5. The Tales of Beedle the Bard - "Babbitty Rabbitty and Her Cackling Stump" - Footnotes
  6. Writing by J.K. Rowling: "The Magical Congress of the United States of America (MACUSA)" at Pottermore
  7. Harry Potter and the Half-Blood Prince, Chapter 20 (Lord Voldemort's Request)
  8. 8.0 8.1 Harry Potter and the Goblet of Fire, Chapter 27 (Padfoot Returns)
  9. Harry Potter and the Order of the Phoenix, Chapter 10 (Luna Lovegood)
  10. 10.0 10.1 Harry Potter and the Half-Blood Prince, Chapter 1 (The Other Minister) - Cornelius Fudge says that the wizarding community was calling for his resignation for a fortnight and that he was sacked a three days ago. As the Battle of the Department of Mysteries was on the night of 18 June, 1996, a fortnight (14 days) after is 2 July, 1996.
  11. Harry Potter and the Prisoner of Azkaban, Chapter 22 (Owl Post Again)
  12. 12.0 12.1 Harry Potter and the Order of the Phoenix, Chapter 8 (The Hearing)
  13. Harry Potter and the Order of the Phoenix, Chapter 26 (Seen and Unforeseen)
  14. Harry Potter and the Order of the Phoenix, Chapter 14 (Percy and Padfoot)
  15. 15.0 15.1 Harry Potter and the Order of the Phoenix, Chapter 35 (Beyond the Veil)
  16. 16.0 16.1 16.2 16.3 Harry Potter and the Half-Blood Prince, Chapter 1 (The Other Minister)
  17. Harry Potter and the Half-Blood Prince, Chapter 5 (An Excess of Phlegm)
  18. Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows: Part 1
  19. Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows, Chapter 1 (The Dark Lord Ascending)
  20. Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows, Chapter 8 (The Wedding)
  21. Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows, Chapter 11 (The Bribe)
  22. 22.0 22.1 Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows, Chapter 12 (Magic is Might)
  23. Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows, Chapter 13 (The Muggle-Born Registration Commission)
  24. "J.K. Rowling Web Chat Transcript" on The Leaky Cauldron
  25. "Vieira, Meredith. "Harry Potter: The Final Chapter" Dateline (NBC) , 29 July 2007" on Accio Quote
  26. 26.0 26.1 Harry Potter and the Goblet of Fire
  27. Harry Potter and the Half-Blood Prince