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{{Merge|Pensieve}}
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{{Pottermore}}
 
{{Youmay|Albus Dumbledore's possession (item)|the [[Pensieve|object]] in general}}
 
{{Youmay|Albus Dumbledore's possession (item)|the [[Pensieve|object]] in general}}
 
{{Object infobox
 
{{Object infobox
|name=Albus Dumbledore's Pensieve
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|name=Hogwarts Pensieve
 
|image=[[File:Pensieve2.jpg|250px]]
 
|image=[[File:Pensieve2.jpg|250px]]
 
|manufacturer=
 
|manufacturer=
|made=[[1995]] or earlier
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|made=Prior to the 9th century
 
|usage=To view memories about [[Tom Riddle]] and to empty his head of thoughts
 
|usage=To view memories about [[Tom Riddle]] and to empty his head of thoughts
 
|owners=*[[Albus Dumbledore]]
 
|owners=*[[Albus Dumbledore]]
 
*[[Severus Snape]]
 
*[[Severus Snape]]
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*[[Headmaster|Headmasters]] and [[Headmistress|Headmistresses]] of Hogwarts
 
|first=''[[Harry Potter and the Goblet of Fire]]''
 
|first=''[[Harry Potter and the Goblet of Fire]]''
 
|latest=''[[Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows]]''
 
|latest=''[[Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows]]''
 
|last=
 
|last=
 
}}
 
}}
{{Dialogue a-b|Harry Potter|What is it?|Albus Dumbledore|This? It is called a Pensieve. I sometimes find, and I am sure you know the feeling, that I simply have too many thoughts and memories crammed into my mind.|Albus Dumbledore and Harry Potter discussing Dumbledore's Pensieve.|Harry Potter and the Goblet of Fire}}
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{{Dialogue a-b|Harry Potter|What is it?|Albus Dumbledore|This? It is called a Pensieve. I sometimes find, and I am sure you know the feeling, that I simply have too many thoughts and memories crammed into my mind.|Albus Dumbledore and Harry Potter discussing Dumbledore's Pensieve|Harry Potter and the Goblet of Fire}}
   
The '''[[Pensieve]] of [[Albus Dumbledore]]''' was a [[magic]]al instrument owned by Dumbledore used to view memories. It was used to review particular memories of [[Tom Riddle]], among other things, and to give [[Harry Potter]] [[Harry Potter and Albus Dumbledore's private lessons|private lessons]] during the [[1996–1997 school year]]. It remained in the [[Headmaster]]'s [[Headmaster's office|office]] after Dumbledore's passing, so was also used after the death of [[Severus Snape]] by Harry Potter to review the memories Snape had given him.
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The '''[[Pensieve]] of [[Hogwarts School of Witchcraft and Wizardry|Hogwarts]]''' was a [[magic]]al instrument used by the Heads to view memories. [[Professor Albus Dumbledore]] used it to review particular memories of [[Tom Riddle]], among other things, and to give [[Harry Potter]] [[Harry Potter and Albus Dumbledore's private lessons|private lessons]] during the [[1996–1997 school year]]. It remained in the [[Headmaster]]'s [[Headmaster's office|office]] after Dumbledore's passing, so was also used after the death of [[Severus Snape]] by Harry Potter to review the memories Snape had given him.
   
 
==History of use==
 
==History of use==
 
===Early history and origins===
 
===Early history and origins===
Little is known about this Pensieve's origins, but the P[[pensieve|ensieve]] was probably used many times before Harry Potter came along. As [[Albus Dumbledore|Dumbledore]] was collecting memories of [[Tom Riddle|Lord Voldemort]] from the time of the [[First Wizarding War]], it can be assumed that he had acquired it by then. Whether it was made specially, or if he acquired it some other way is unknown.
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Little is known about this Pensieve's origins, except that it was made of stone and carved with modified Saxon runes, putting its creation well before the founding of Hogwarts <ref> ''[[Pottermore]]''</ref> A long line of revered Headmasters and Headmistresses of Hogwarts have left behind memories from their tenure and thus contributed to the creation of an invaluable library of reference for headmasters and headmistresses yet to come. [[Albus Dumbledore|Dumbledore]], a long-serving chief administrator of the school and by many in his time regarded as one of the most esteemed leaders the school ever had, presumably added his own experiences for this purpose, although it is known that he used it when he began collecting memories about [[Tom Riddle|Lord Voldemort]] as well.
   
 
===1995===
 
===1995===
[[File:Pensieve.jpg|thumb|The Pensieve in [[1995]].]]
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A few days prior to the Third Task of the [[Triwizard Tournament]], [[Harry Potter]] had a vision in [[Divination]] class.<ref name="GoF29">''[[Harry Potter and the Goblet of Fire]]'' - Chapter 29 (''The Dream'')</ref> [[File:Memoryouthead.JPG|thumb|left|235x235px|[[Albus Dumbledore]], with a memory out of his head, ready to put inside the Pensieve]]As he had been told to report such things to Dumbledore, Harry hastened to the [[Headmaster]]'s [[Headmaster's office|office]]. When he arrived, he overheard the final stages of an argument concerning the disappearance of [[Bartemius Crouch Sr.]]. Upon being left alone by the adults, Harry first found the Pensieve in a private cupboard with the door ajar. There were already memories in it that Dumbledore had been reviewing prior to the arrival of [[Minister for Magic]] [[Cornelius Fudge]]. Curiosity got the best of Harry, and he looked too closely at the instrument. When his nose touched the odd substance, Harry fell into the memory that was inside the Pensieve.<ref name="GoF30">''[[Harry Potter and the Goblet of Fire]]'' - Chapter 30 (''The Pensieve'')</ref> Initially confused, Harry settled in to watch a hearing for the [[Durmstrang Institute]] [[Headmaster]], [[Igor Karkaroff]]. He was chained and bedraggled looking. In the memory, he had come from [[Azkaban]] to give up the names of his fellow [[Death Eaters]]. Of the names he listed, many fell flat, until he accused [[Augustus Rookwood]], an [[Unspeakable]].<ref name="GoF30" /> The room suddenly transitioned, and Harry was watching the sentencing of [[Ludovic Bagman|Ludo Bagman]], who had been unwittingly used by Rookwood. He also saw the trial of [[Wizengamot]] juror [[Bartemius Crouch Sr.|Barty Crouch]]'s son, [[Bartemius Crouch Jr.|Barty Jr.]], along with Death Eaters [[Bellatrix Lestrange|Bellatrix]], [[Rodolphus Lestrange|Rodolphus]], and [[Rabastan Lestrange]]. They were accused and convicted of torturing [[Alice and Frank Longbottom]] into insanity, and Crouch imprisoned his son. Albus Dumbledore found Harry in this memory and got him out. Dumbledore then explained to Harry why he kept a Pensieve.<ref name="GoF30" />
A few days prior to the Third Task of the [[Triwizard Tournament]], [[Harry Potter]] had a vision in [[Divination]] class.<ref name="GoF29">''[[Harry Potter and the Goblet of Fire]]'' - Chapter 29 (''The Dream'')</ref> [[File:Memoryouthead.JPG|thumb|left|230px|The Pensieve's owner, [[Albus Dumbledore]], with a [[memory]] out of his head, ready to put inside the [[Pensieve]]]]As he had been told to report such things to Dumbledore, Harry hastened to the [[Headmaster]]'s [[Headmaster's office|office]]. When he arrived, he overheard the final stages of an argument concerning the disappearance of [[Bartemius Crouch Sr.]]. Upon being left alone by the adults, Harry first found the Pensieve in a private cupboard with the door ajar. There were already memories in it that Dumbledore had been reviewing prior to the arrival of [[Minister for Magic]] [[Cornelius Fudge]]. Curiosity got the best of Harry, and he looked too closely at the instrument. When his nose touched the odd substance, Harry fell into the memory that was inside the Pensieve.<ref name="GoF30">''[[Harry Potter and the Goblet of Fire]]'' - Chapter 30 (''The Pensieve'')</ref> Initially confused, Harry settled in to watch a hearing for the [[Durmstrang Institute]] [[Headmaster|Highmaster]], [[Igor Karkaroff]]. He was chained and bedraggled looking. In the memory, he had come from [[Azkaban]] to give up the names of his fellow [[Death Eaters]]. Of the names he listed, many fell flat, until he accused [[Augustus Rookwood]], an [[Unspeakable]].<ref name="GoF30" /> The room suddenly transitioned, and Harry was watching the sentencing of [[Ludovic Bagman|Ludo Bagman]], who had been unwittingly used by Rookwood. He also saw the trial of [[Wizengamot]] juror [[Bartemius Crouch Sr.|Barty Crouch]]'s son, [[Bartemius Crouch Jr.|Barty Jr.]], along with Death Eaters [[Bellatrix Lestrange|Bellatrix]], [[Rodolphus Lestrange|Rodolphus]], and [[Rabastan Lestrange]]. They were accused and convicted of torturing [[Alice and Frank Longbottom]] into insanity, and Crouch imprisoned his son. Albus Dumbledore found Harry in this memory and got him out. Dumbledore then told Harry the use of a Pensieve, and the purpose of his.<ref name="GoF30" />
 
   
 
===1996===
 
===1996===
{{Quote|The light was coming from the Pensieve sitting on Snape's desk. The silver-white contents were ebbing and swirling within. Snape's memories... things he did not want Harry to see if he broke into Snape's defences accidentally.|The Pensieve in 1996|Harry Potter and the Order of the Phoenix}}
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{{Quote|The light was coming from the Pensieve sitting on Snape's desk. The silver-white contents were ebbing and swirling within. Snape's memories... things he did not want Harry to see if he broke into Snape's defences accidentally.|The Pensieve in 1996|Harry Potter and the Order of the Phoenix}}
   
A few days before the [[Christmas holidays]] in [[1995]], Harry had vision in which he could see, from within the snake's mind, [[Nagini]] [[Attack on Arthur Weasley|attacking]] [[Arthur Weasley]].<ref name="OotP21">''[[Harry Potter and the Order of the Phoenix]]'' - Chapter 21 (''The Eye of the Snake'')</ref> He subsequently felt [[Tom Riddle|Lord Voldemort]] well up inside him. Concerned about these new developments, Dumbledore ordered Harry to take [[Occlumency]] [[Harry Potter and Severus Snape's private lessons|lessons]] with [[Severus Snape]] the next year.<ref name="OotP24">''[[Harry Potter and the Order of the Phoenix]]'' - Chapter 24 (''Occlumency'')</ref> He also allowed Snape to use the Pensieve for the duration of the lessons, most likely to provide the Potions master with a means to hide his own secrets, as well as protect Snape's own (very unpleasant) memories in case his attempts to train the boy, by repeatedly exposing Harry to [[Legilimency]], were to backfire due to a [[Shield Charm]].<ref name="OotP24" /> While Snape was out during one of these lessons, Harry found the memories that Snape had stored; one in which he was a little boy crying in a corner, another during his Hogwarts years, and the last of Harry's father [[James Potter I|James Potter]] and godfather [[Sirius Black]] bullying Snape, while Snape was not very innocent on his own, sending back painful hexes at James. James then publicly humiliated him, resulting in [[Lily Evans]]', Harry's future mother, defence of the teenage Snape, as the two were friends. Snape then said he did not need help, calling Lily a "''[[mudblood]]''," a derogatory term for [[muggle-born]]s.<ref name="OotP28">''[[Harry Potter and the Order of the Phoenix]]'' - Chapter 28 (''Snape's Worst Memory'')</ref> This caused Lily to get very agitated, and led the two to fall out. This would later prove to be Snape's worst mistake.
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A few days before the [[Christmas holidays]] in [[1995]], Harry had vision in which he could see, from within the snake's mind, [[Nagini]] [[Attack on Arthur Weasley|attacking]] [[Arthur Weasley]].<ref name="OotP21">''[[Harry Potter and the Order of the Phoenix]]'' - Chapter 21 (''The Eye of the Snake'')</ref> He subsequently felt [[Tom Riddle|Lord Voldemort]] well up inside him. Concerned about these new developments, Dumbledore ordered Harry to take [[Occlumency]] [[Harry Potter and Severus Snape's private lessons|lessons]] with [[Severus Snape]] the next year.<ref name="OotP24">''[[Harry Potter and the Order of the Phoenix]]'' - Chapter 24 (''Occlumency'')</ref> He also allowed Snape to use the Pensieve for the duration of the lessons, most likely to provide the Potions master with a means to hide his own secrets, as well as protect Snape's own (very unpleasant) memories in case his attempts to train the boy, by repeatedly exposing Harry to [[Legilimency]], were to backfire due to a [[Shield Charm]].<ref name="OotP24" />
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[[File:James harry Lily.PNG|thumb|245x245px|A memory Harry sees featuring Lily (in fifth year) standing up to James Potter]]
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While Snape was out during one of these lessons, Harry found the memories that Snape had stored; one in which he was a little boy crying in a corner, another during his Hogwarts years, and the last of Harry's father [[James Potter I|James Potter]] and godfather [[Sirius Black]] bullying Snape, while Snape was not very innocent on his own, sending back painful hexes at James. James then publicly humiliated him, resulting in [[Lily Evans]]', Harry's future mother, defence of the teenage Snape, as the two were friends. Snape then said he did not need help, calling Lily a "''[[mudblood]]''," a derogatory term for [[muggle-born]]s.<ref name="OotP28">''[[Harry Potter and the Order of the Phoenix]]'' - Chapter 28 (''Snape's Worst Memory'')</ref> This caused Lily to get very agitated, and led the two to fall out. This would later prove to be Snape's worst mistake.
   
 
Once Snape found out Harry saw this, he got very angry at Harry, even throwing things at him. Snape subsequently terminated the Occlumency lessons with Harry.<ref name="OotP28" />
 
Once Snape found out Harry saw this, he got very angry at Harry, even throwing things at him. Snape subsequently terminated the Occlumency lessons with Harry.<ref name="OotP28" />
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{{Main|Harry Potter and Albus Dumbledore's private lessons}}
 
{{Main|Harry Potter and Albus Dumbledore's private lessons}}
 
{{Dialogue a-b-a|Dumbledore|So, Harry, you have been wondering, I am sure, what I have planned for you during these — for want of a better word — lessons.|Harry|Yes sir.|Well, I have decided that it is time, now that you know what prompted Lord Voldemort to try and kill you fifteen years ago, for you to be given certain information.|Dumbledore on the lessons he was going to give Harry|Harry Potter and the Half-Blood Prince}}
 
{{Dialogue a-b-a|Dumbledore|So, Harry, you have been wondering, I am sure, what I have planned for you during these — for want of a better word — lessons.|Harry|Yes sir.|Well, I have decided that it is time, now that you know what prompted Lord Voldemort to try and kill you fifteen years ago, for you to be given certain information.|Dumbledore on the lessons he was going to give Harry|Harry Potter and the Half-Blood Prince}}
[[File:Memories about Riddle.jpg|thumb|Memories about [[Tom Riddle]]'s earlier years.]]
 
   
Sometime in July of that year, [[Albus Dumbledore|Dumbledore]] visited [[4 Privet Drive]] to fetch Harry.<ref name="HBP3">''[[Harry Potter and the Half-Blood Prince]]'' - Chapter 3 (''Will and Won't'')</ref> After doing some business along the way, the two eventually ended up at [[The Burrow]]. Before he departed, Dumbledore informed Harry that they would be having private lessons.<ref name="HBP4">''[[Harry Potter and the Half-Blood Prince]]'' - Chapter 4 (''Horace Slughorn'')</ref> At the first of these, Dumbledore led Harry back into the Pensieve. Together they viewed the memory of [[Bob Ogden]]. He went to visit [[Morfin Gaunt]] as the young man had attacked a [[Muggle]], later revealed to be [[Tom Riddle Sr.]] Harry watched as the oddities of the [[House of Gaunt|Gaunt family]] were displayed before him. He recoiled at the abuse [[Marvolo Gaunt]] used against his daughter, [[Merope Gaunt|Merope]]. Following Mr. Ogden as he left the shack, Harry and Dumbledore returned to the [[Headmaster's office]].<ref name="HBP10">''[[Harry Potter and the Half-Blood Prince]]'' - Chapter 10 (''The House of Gaunt'')</ref>
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[[File:Ep-149.jpg|left|thumb|250x250px|The Gaunt shack seen through [[Bob Ogden]]'s memory]]
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Sometime in July of that year, [[Albus Dumbledore|Dumbledore]] visited [[4 Privet Drive]] to fetch Harry.<ref name="HBP3">''[[Harry Potter and the Half-Blood Prince]]'' - Chapter 3 (''Will and Won't'')</ref> After doing some business along the way, the two eventually ended up at [[The Burrow]]. Before he departed, Dumbledore informed Harry that they would be having private lessons.<ref name="HBP4">''[[Harry Potter and the Half-Blood Prince]]'' - Chapter 4 (''Horace Slughorn'')</ref> At the first of these, Dumbledore led Harry back into the Pensieve. Together they viewed the memory of Bob Ogden. He went to visit [[Morfin Gaunt]] as the young man had attacked a [[Muggle]], later revealed to be [[Tom Riddle Sr.]] Harry watched as the oddities of the [[House of Gaunt|Gaunt family]] were displayed before him. He recoiled at the abuse [[Marvolo Gaunt]] used against his daughter, [[Merope Gaunt|Merope]]. Following Mr. Ogden as he left the shack, Harry and Dumbledore returned to the [[Headmaster's office]].<ref name="HBP10">''[[Harry Potter and the Half-Blood Prince]]'' - Chapter 10 (''The House of Gaunt'')</ref>
   
 
A month later, they used the Pensieve to review Dumbledore's first visit with a young [[Tom Riddle]]. Harry saw the conditions in which the orphan boy grew up and heard the awful stories about his behaviour. He witnessed a demanding and cruel streak in Tom Riddle at quite a young age.<ref name="HBP13">''[[Harry Potter and the Half-Blood Prince]]'' - Chapter 13 (''The Secret Riddle'')</ref>
 
A month later, they used the Pensieve to review Dumbledore's first visit with a young [[Tom Riddle]]. Harry saw the conditions in which the orphan boy grew up and heard the awful stories about his behaviour. He witnessed a demanding and cruel streak in Tom Riddle at quite a young age.<ref name="HBP13">''[[Harry Potter and the Half-Blood Prince]]'' - Chapter 13 (''The Secret Riddle'')</ref>
   
 
===1997===
 
===1997===
{{Quote|This is perhaps the most important memory I have collected.|Dumbledore on the false Horace Slughorn memory.|Harry Potter and the Half-Blood Prince (film)}}
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{{Quote|This is perhaps the most important memory I have collected.|Dumbledore on the false Horace Slughorn memory|Harry Potter and the Half-Blood Prince (film)}}
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[[File:Slughorn's first office 1.jpg|thumb|250x250px|The false memory of [[Horace Slughorn]]]]
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After [[Christmas holidays]], Dumbledore called Harry down to his office.<ref name="HBP17">''[[Harry Potter and the Half-Blood Prince]]'' - Chapter 17 (''A Sluggish Memory'')</ref> They then watched two memories together, one in which Tom Riddle confronted his uncle [[Morfin Gaunt]] and later framed him for the murders of the [[Riddle family|Riddles]], the other being a falsified memory of Horace Slughorn talking to Tom Riddle about [[Horcrux|Horcruxes]].<ref name="HBP17" /> Dumbledore then told Harry that, to proceed, they required the real memory from Slughorn.
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[[File:Hepzibah Smith memory, B6C20M1.png|left|thumb|251x251px|[[Hepzibah Smith]], owner of both Helga Hufflepuff's cup and Salazar Slytherin's locket, visited by Tom Riddle]]
   
After [[Christmas holidays]], Dumbledore called Harry down to his office.<ref name="HBP17">''[[Harry Potter and the Half-Blood Prince]]'' - Chapter 17 (''A Sluggish Memory'')</ref> They then watched two memories together, one in which Tom Riddle confronted his uncle [[Morfin Gaunt]] and later framed him for the murders of the [[Riddle family|Riddles]], the other being a falsified memory of [[Horace Slughorn]] talking to Tom Riddle about [[Horcrux]]es.<ref name="HBP17" /> Dumbledore then told Harry that, to proceed, they required the real memory from Slughorn.
 
[[File:Riddle questions Slughorn.jpg|thumb|left|The false memory of [[Horace Slughorn]].]]
 
 
After not recovering the memory from Slughorn, Harry watched two more memories, one being the memory of [[Hokey]] the [[House elf|house-elf]], in which there was foreshadowing that [[Helga Hufflepuff]]'s [[Helga Hufflepuff's Cup|Cup]] and [[Salazar Slytherin]]'s [[Salazar Slytherin's Locket|Locket]] were made into Horcruxes.<ref name="HBP20">''[[Harry Potter and the Half-Blood Prince]]'' - Chapter 20 (''Lord Voldemort's Request'')</ref> The second memory was of Tom Riddle talking to Albus Dumbledore about the [[Defence Against the Dark Arts]] teaching position. This memory was foreshadowing [[Rowena Ravenclaw's Diadem]] being made into a Horcrux.<ref name="HBP20" />
 
After not recovering the memory from Slughorn, Harry watched two more memories, one being the memory of [[Hokey]] the [[House elf|house-elf]], in which there was foreshadowing that [[Helga Hufflepuff]]'s [[Helga Hufflepuff's Cup|Cup]] and [[Salazar Slytherin]]'s [[Salazar Slytherin's Locket|Locket]] were made into Horcruxes.<ref name="HBP20">''[[Harry Potter and the Half-Blood Prince]]'' - Chapter 20 (''Lord Voldemort's Request'')</ref> The second memory was of Tom Riddle talking to Albus Dumbledore about the [[Defence Against the Dark Arts]] teaching position. This memory was foreshadowing [[Rowena Ravenclaw's Diadem]] being made into a Horcrux.<ref name="HBP20" />
   
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===1998===
 
===1998===
At the death of [[Severus Snape]] during the [[Battle of Hogwarts]], he left multiple memories from his childhood to Harry. Harry captured them when they leaked out of Snape's body in a flask conjured by [[Hermione Granger]].<ref name="DH22">''[[Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows]]'' - Chapter 22 (''The Elder Wand'')</ref> When they returned to the castle, Harry secretly proceeded to Dumbledore's office, where he watched Snape's memories.<ref name="DH23">''[[Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows]]'' - Chpater 23 (''The Prince's Tale'')</ref> He saw the child Snape meeting Lily and [[Petunia Dursley|Petunia Evans]], and telling Lily that she was a [[wizards|witch]], and how [[Dementor]]s guarded the wizard prison [[Azkaban]]. He then saw Lily and Petunia's argument where Petunia called Lily a "freak," which caused Lily to be a little angry at Snape, until she met Snape's enemies, [[James Potter I|James Potter]] and [[Sirius Black]]. Harry then saw Snape, Lily, and [[The Marauders]]' [[Sorting ceremony]], where Snape was [[Sorting Hat|Sorted]] into [[Slytherin]], while Lily was Sorted into [[Gryffindor]].<ref name="DH23" /> As the memories continued, Harry saw how Snape calling Lily a "''Mudblood''" ruined their relationship and Snape's path to the service of [[Tom Riddle|Lord Voldemort]]. The rest of Snape's memories included Snape negotiating with Dumbledore and agreeing to keep Harry safe. Following this, Snape agreed to keep an eye on [[Professor]] [[Quirinus Quirrell]] and, later, told Dumbledore of [[Igor Karkaroff]]'s anxiety. The last few included Snape agreeing reluctantly to [[Killing Curse|kill]] Dumbledore, how Snape did not want Harry to die, despite the fact that Harry was a [[Horcrux]] and James Potter's son, because of his [[love]] of Lily Potter, how Snape [[Confundus Charm|Confunded]] [[Mundungus Fletcher]] into suggesting the "''[[Seven]] Potters''" scheme, how Snape tried to save [[George Weasley]], but unintentionally [[Sectumsempra|cut off his ear]], how Snape read Lily's letter to "[[Sirius Black|Padfoot]] ," and how Snape used his [[Patronus Charm|silver doe]] to lead Harry to the [[Godric Gryffindor's Sword|Sword]] of [[Godric Gryffindor|Gryffindor]].
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[[File:HarryPotter WB F8 HarryPotterLookingIntoThePensieve Still 100615 Land.jpg|thumb|250px|Harry using a Pensieve to view Snape's memories during the one-hour armistice]]
   
===Later usage===
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At the death of [[Severus Snape]] during the [[Battle of Hogwarts]], he left multiple memories from his childhood to Harry. Harry captured them when they leaked out of Snape's body in a flask conjured by [[Hermione Granger]].<ref name="DH22">''[[Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows]]'' - Chapter 22 (''The Elder Wand'')</ref> When they returned to the castle, Harry secretly proceeded to Dumbledore's office, where he watched Snape's memories.<ref name="DH23">''[[Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows]]'' - Chpater 23 (''The Prince's Tale'')</ref> He saw the child Snape meeting Lily and [[Petunia Dursley|Petunia Evans]], and telling Lily that she was a [[wizards|witch]], and how [[Dementor]]s guarded the wizard prison [[Azkaban]]. He then saw Lily and Petunia's argument where Petunia called Lily a "freak," which caused Lily to be a little angry at Snape, until she met Snape's enemies, [[James Potter I|James Potter]] and [[Sirius Black]]. Harry then saw Snape, Lily, and [[The Marauders]]' [[Sorting ceremony]], where Snape was [[Sorting Hat|Sorted]] into [[Slytherin]], while Lily was Sorted into [[Gryffindor]].<ref name="DH23" /> As the memories continued, Harry saw how Snape calling Lily a "''Mudblood''" ruined their relationship and Snape's path to the service of [[Tom Riddle|Lord Voldemort]].
It is unknown whether or not the Pensieve was used by later [[Headmaster]]s, such as [[Professor]] [[Minerva McGonagall]] or [[Minerva McGonagall's successor|her successor]].
 
   
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The rest of Snape's memories included Snape negotiating with Dumbledore and agreeing to keep Harry safe. Following this, Snape agreed to keep an eye on [[Professor]] [[Quirinus Quirrell]] and, later, told Dumbledore of [[Igor Karkaroff]]'s anxiety. The last few included Snape agreeing reluctantly to [[Killing Curse|kill]] Dumbledore, how Snape did not want Harry to die, despite the fact that Harry was a [[Horcrux]] and James Potter's son, because of his [[love]] of Lily Potter, how Snape [[Confundus Charm|Confunded]] [[Mundungus Fletcher]] into suggesting the "''[[Seven]] Potters''" scheme, how Snape tried to save [[George Weasley]], but unintentionally [[Sectumsempra|cut off his ear]], how Snape read Lily's letter to "[[Sirius Black|Padfoot]] ," and how Snape used his [[Patronus Charm|silver doe]] to lead Harry to the [[Godric Gryffindor's Sword|Sword]] of [[Godric Gryffindor|Gryffindor]].
   
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===Later usage===
  +
It is unknown whether or not the Pensieve was used by later [[Headmaster]]s, such as [[Professor]] [[Minerva McGonagall]] or [[Minerva McGonagall's successor|her successor]].
   
 
== Etymology ==
 
== Etymology ==
Given J.K. Rowling's background in French, and omnipresent love of puns, it can resonably be concluded that a ''sieve'' of thought (''pensée'' in French), and a state of meditative reflection such as the English ''pensive'' generally conveys, may well both have been in her mind when concocting this name.
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The 'pensieve' is a homonym of 'pensive', which means deep/ serious thought; it is also a pun, as it acts as a ''sieve'' of thought (''pensée'' in French)<ref>''[[Pottermore]]''</ref>.
   
 
== Behind the scenes ==
 
== Behind the scenes ==
   
 
*The shape of the Pensieve changed drastically from the [[Harry Potter films|film adaptations]] of ''[[Harry Potter and the Goblet of Fire (film)|Harry Potter and the Goblet of Fire]]'' and ''[[Harry Potter and the Half-Blood Prince (film)|Harry Potter and the Half-Blood Prince]]'', as in the former it was on some sort of runic tabletop, and in the latter it was in a bowl, as was described in the [[Harry Potter books|books]]. In ''[[Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows: Part 2]]'', when [[Harry Potter|Harry]] enters to the [[Headmaster's office]], he finds the stone tabletop with the Pensieve and he removes the bowl from it and throws it in the air, where it levitates on its own.
 
*The shape of the Pensieve changed drastically from the [[Harry Potter films|film adaptations]] of ''[[Harry Potter and the Goblet of Fire (film)|Harry Potter and the Goblet of Fire]]'' and ''[[Harry Potter and the Half-Blood Prince (film)|Harry Potter and the Half-Blood Prince]]'', as in the former it was on some sort of runic tabletop, and in the latter it was in a bowl, as was described in the [[Harry Potter books|books]]. In ''[[Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows: Part 2]]'', when [[Harry Potter|Harry]] enters to the [[Headmaster's office]], he finds the stone tabletop with the Pensieve and he removes the bowl from it and throws it in the air, where it levitates on its own.
*The Pensieve is Emma Watson's favourite prop from the series.<ref>http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=e3FP-nmkFL0&feature=relmfu</ref>
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*Also, in the film adaptation of Harry Potter and the Goblet of Fire, Harry is shown inside the memory and watching from a third-person perspective. In the film adaptations of Harry Potter and the Half-Blood Prince and Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows: Part 2, the memories in the pensive are shown from a first-person perspective.
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*The Pensieve is [[Emma Watson]]'s favourite prop from the series.<ref>http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=e3FP-nmkFL0&feature=relmfu</ref>
   
 
==Appearances==
 
==Appearances==
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*''[[Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows: Part 2]]''
 
*''[[Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows: Part 2]]''
 
*''[[Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows: Part 2 (video game)]]''
 
*''[[Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows: Part 2 (video game)]]''
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*[[Harry Potter: The Character Vault]] (mentioned only)
   
 
==Notes and references==
 
==Notes and references==

Latest revision as of 13:27, March 28, 2016

Harry Potter: "What is it?"
Albus Dumbledore: "This? It is called a Pensieve. I sometimes find, and I am sure you know the feeling, that I simply have too many thoughts and memories crammed into my mind."
— Albus Dumbledore and Harry Potter discussing Dumbledore's Pensieve[src]

The Pensieve of Hogwarts was a magical instrument used by the Heads to view memories. Professor Albus Dumbledore used it to review particular memories of Tom Riddle, among other things, and to give Harry Potter private lessons during the 1996–1997 school year. It remained in the Headmaster's office after Dumbledore's passing, so was also used after the death of Severus Snape by Harry Potter to review the memories Snape had given him.

History of useEdit

Early history and originsEdit

Little is known about this Pensieve's origins, except that it was made of stone and carved with modified Saxon runes, putting its creation well before the founding of Hogwarts [1] A long line of revered Headmasters and Headmistresses of Hogwarts have left behind memories from their tenure and thus contributed to the creation of an invaluable library of reference for headmasters and headmistresses yet to come. Dumbledore, a long-serving chief administrator of the school and by many in his time regarded as one of the most esteemed leaders the school ever had, presumably added his own experiences for this purpose, although it is known that he used it when he began collecting memories about Lord Voldemort as well.

1995Edit

A few days prior to the Third Task of the Triwizard Tournament, Harry Potter had a vision in Divination class.[2]
Memoryouthead

Albus Dumbledore, with a memory out of his head, ready to put inside the Pensieve

As he had been told to report such things to Dumbledore, Harry hastened to the Headmaster's office. When he arrived, he overheard the final stages of an argument concerning the disappearance of Bartemius Crouch Sr.. Upon being left alone by the adults, Harry first found the Pensieve in a private cupboard with the door ajar. There were already memories in it that Dumbledore had been reviewing prior to the arrival of Minister for Magic Cornelius Fudge. Curiosity got the best of Harry, and he looked too closely at the instrument. When his nose touched the odd substance, Harry fell into the memory that was inside the Pensieve.[3] Initially confused, Harry settled in to watch a hearing for the Durmstrang Institute Headmaster, Igor Karkaroff. He was chained and bedraggled looking. In the memory, he had come from Azkaban to give up the names of his fellow Death Eaters. Of the names he listed, many fell flat, until he accused Augustus Rookwood, an Unspeakable.[3] The room suddenly transitioned, and Harry was watching the sentencing of Ludo Bagman, who had been unwittingly used by Rookwood. He also saw the trial of Wizengamot juror Barty Crouch's son, Barty Jr., along with Death Eaters Bellatrix, Rodolphus, and Rabastan Lestrange. They were accused and convicted of torturing Alice and Frank Longbottom into insanity, and Crouch imprisoned his son. Albus Dumbledore found Harry in this memory and got him out. Dumbledore then explained to Harry why he kept a Pensieve.[3]

1996Edit

"The light was coming from the Pensieve sitting on Snape's desk. The silver-white contents were ebbing and swirling within. Snape's memories... things he did not want Harry to see if he broke into Snape's defences accidentally."
—The Pensieve in 1996[src]

A few days before the Christmas holidays in 1995, Harry had vision in which he could see, from within the snake's mind, Nagini attacking Arthur Weasley.[4] He subsequently felt Lord Voldemort well up inside him. Concerned about these new developments, Dumbledore ordered Harry to take Occlumency lessons with Severus Snape the next year.[5] He also allowed Snape to use the Pensieve for the duration of the lessons, most likely to provide the Potions master with a means to hide his own secrets, as well as protect Snape's own (very unpleasant) memories in case his attempts to train the boy, by repeatedly exposing Harry to Legilimency, were to backfire due to a Shield Charm.[5]

James harry Lily

A memory Harry sees featuring Lily (in fifth year) standing up to James Potter

While Snape was out during one of these lessons, Harry found the memories that Snape had stored; one in which he was a little boy crying in a corner, another during his Hogwarts years, and the last of Harry's father James Potter and godfather Sirius Black bullying Snape, while Snape was not very innocent on his own, sending back painful hexes at James. James then publicly humiliated him, resulting in Lily Evans', Harry's future mother, defence of the teenage Snape, as the two were friends. Snape then said he did not need help, calling Lily a "mudblood," a derogatory term for muggle-borns.[6] This caused Lily to get very agitated, and led the two to fall out. This would later prove to be Snape's worst mistake.

Once Snape found out Harry saw this, he got very angry at Harry, even throwing things at him. Snape subsequently terminated the Occlumency lessons with Harry.[6]

Dumbledore: "So, Harry, you have been wondering, I am sure, what I have planned for you during these — for want of a better word — lessons."
Harry: "Yes sir."
Dumbledore: "Well, I have decided that it is time, now that you know what prompted Lord Voldemort to try and kill you fifteen years ago, for you to be given certain information."
— Dumbledore on the lessons he was going to give Harry[src]
Ep-149

The Gaunt shack seen through Bob Ogden's memory

Sometime in July of that year, Dumbledore visited 4 Privet Drive to fetch Harry.[7] After doing some business along the way, the two eventually ended up at The Burrow. Before he departed, Dumbledore informed Harry that they would be having private lessons.[8] At the first of these, Dumbledore led Harry back into the Pensieve. Together they viewed the memory of Bob Ogden. He went to visit Morfin Gaunt as the young man had attacked a Muggle, later revealed to be Tom Riddle Sr. Harry watched as the oddities of the Gaunt family were displayed before him. He recoiled at the abuse Marvolo Gaunt used against his daughter, Merope. Following Mr. Ogden as he left the shack, Harry and Dumbledore returned to the Headmaster's office.[9]

A month later, they used the Pensieve to review Dumbledore's first visit with a young Tom Riddle. Harry saw the conditions in which the orphan boy grew up and heard the awful stories about his behaviour. He witnessed a demanding and cruel streak in Tom Riddle at quite a young age.[10]

1997Edit

"This is perhaps the most important memory I have collected."
—Dumbledore on the false Horace Slughorn memory[src]
Slughorn&#039;s first office 1

The false memory of Horace Slughorn

After Christmas holidays, Dumbledore called Harry down to his office.[11] They then watched two memories together, one in which Tom Riddle confronted his uncle Morfin Gaunt and later framed him for the murders of the Riddles, the other being a falsified memory of Horace Slughorn talking to Tom Riddle about Horcruxes.[11] Dumbledore then told Harry that, to proceed, they required the real memory from Slughorn.

Hepzibah Smith memory, B6C20M1

Hepzibah Smith, owner of both Helga Hufflepuff's cup and Salazar Slytherin's locket, visited by Tom Riddle

After not recovering the memory from Slughorn, Harry watched two more memories, one being the memory of Hokey the house-elf, in which there was foreshadowing that Helga Hufflepuff's Cup and Salazar Slytherin's Locket were made into Horcruxes.[12] The second memory was of Tom Riddle talking to Albus Dumbledore about the Defence Against the Dark Arts teaching position. This memory was foreshadowing Rowena Ravenclaw's Diadem being made into a Horcrux.[12]

When Harry had acquired the true memory of Horace Slughorn, he went to Dumbledore's office. He then saw the younger Horace Slughorn tell Tom Riddle about how to make a Horcrux and the main purpose of one.[13] Also, he noticed the concern in Slughorn when he saw the greedy expression upon Riddle's face. Due to Dumbledore's death at the end of the school year, that was Harry's last lesson with Dumbledore.

Severus Snape then became Headmaster of Hogwarts and took possession of the Pensieve, as almost all of Dumbledore's possessions were bequeathed to Hogwarts School.[14]

1998Edit

HarryPotter WB F8 HarryPotterLookingIntoThePensieve Still 100615 Land

Harry using a Pensieve to view Snape's memories during the one-hour armistice

At the death of Severus Snape during the Battle of Hogwarts, he left multiple memories from his childhood to Harry. Harry captured them when they leaked out of Snape's body in a flask conjured by Hermione Granger.[15] When they returned to the castle, Harry secretly proceeded to Dumbledore's office, where he watched Snape's memories.[16] He saw the child Snape meeting Lily and Petunia Evans, and telling Lily that she was a witch, and how Dementors guarded the wizard prison Azkaban. He then saw Lily and Petunia's argument where Petunia called Lily a "freak," which caused Lily to be a little angry at Snape, until she met Snape's enemies, James Potter and Sirius Black. Harry then saw Snape, Lily, and The Marauders' Sorting ceremony, where Snape was Sorted into Slytherin, while Lily was Sorted into Gryffindor.[16] As the memories continued, Harry saw how Snape calling Lily a "Mudblood" ruined their relationship and Snape's path to the service of Lord Voldemort.

The rest of Snape's memories included Snape negotiating with Dumbledore and agreeing to keep Harry safe. Following this, Snape agreed to keep an eye on Professor Quirinus Quirrell and, later, told Dumbledore of Igor Karkaroff's anxiety. The last few included Snape agreeing reluctantly to kill Dumbledore, how Snape did not want Harry to die, despite the fact that Harry was a Horcrux and James Potter's son, because of his love of Lily Potter, how Snape Confunded Mundungus Fletcher into suggesting the "Seven Potters" scheme, how Snape tried to save George Weasley, but unintentionally cut off his ear, how Snape read Lily's letter to "Padfoot ," and how Snape used his silver doe to lead Harry to the Sword of Gryffindor.

Later usageEdit

It is unknown whether or not the Pensieve was used by later Headmasters, such as Professor Minerva McGonagall or her successor.

Etymology Edit

The 'pensieve' is a homonym of 'pensive', which means deep/ serious thought; it is also a pun, as it acts as a sieve of thought (pensée in French)[17].

Behind the scenes Edit

  • The shape of the Pensieve changed drastically from the film adaptations of Harry Potter and the Goblet of Fire and Harry Potter and the Half-Blood Prince, as in the former it was on some sort of runic tabletop, and in the latter it was in a bowl, as was described in the books. In Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows: Part 2, when Harry enters to the Headmaster's office, he finds the stone tabletop with the Pensieve and he removes the bowl from it and throws it in the air, where it levitates on its own.
  • Also, in the film adaptation of Harry Potter and the Goblet of Fire, Harry is shown inside the memory and watching from a third-person perspective. In the film adaptations of Harry Potter and the Half-Blood Prince and Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows: Part 2, the memories in the pensive are shown from a first-person perspective.
  • The Pensieve is Emma Watson's favourite prop from the series.[18]

AppearancesEdit

Notes and referencesEdit

  1. Pottermore
  2. Harry Potter and the Goblet of Fire - Chapter 29 (The Dream)
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 Harry Potter and the Goblet of Fire - Chapter 30 (The Pensieve)
  4. Harry Potter and the Order of the Phoenix - Chapter 21 (The Eye of the Snake)
  5. 5.0 5.1 Harry Potter and the Order of the Phoenix - Chapter 24 (Occlumency)
  6. 6.0 6.1 Harry Potter and the Order of the Phoenix - Chapter 28 (Snape's Worst Memory)
  7. Harry Potter and the Half-Blood Prince - Chapter 3 (Will and Won't)
  8. Harry Potter and the Half-Blood Prince - Chapter 4 (Horace Slughorn)
  9. Harry Potter and the Half-Blood Prince - Chapter 10 (The House of Gaunt)
  10. Harry Potter and the Half-Blood Prince - Chapter 13 (The Secret Riddle)
  11. 11.0 11.1 Harry Potter and the Half-Blood Prince - Chapter 17 (A Sluggish Memory)
  12. 12.0 12.1 Harry Potter and the Half-Blood Prince - Chapter 20 (Lord Voldemort's Request)
  13. Harry Potter and the Half-Blood Prince - Chapter 23 (Horcruxes)
  14. Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows - Chapter 7 (The Will of Albus Dumbledore)
  15. Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows - Chapter 22 (The Elder Wand)
  16. 16.0 16.1 Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows - Chpater 23 (The Prince's Tale)
  17. Pottermore
  18. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=e3FP-nmkFL0&feature=relmfu

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