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{{Actor infobox
 
{{Actor infobox
 
|name=Alan Rickman
 
|name=Alan Rickman
|image=[[File:Rickman.jpg|250px]]
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|image=[[File:Alan_Rickman_by_Francine_Orr_2015.jpg|250px]]
 
|bgcolor1=
 
|bgcolor1=
 
|bgcolor2=
 
|bgcolor2=
 
|birthname=Alan Sidney Patrick Rickman
 
|birthname=Alan Sidney Patrick Rickman
|born=[[21 February]], [[1940s|1946]]
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|born=[[21 February]], [[1940s|1946]], South Hammersmith, London, England
|died=
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|died=[[14 January]], [[Between 2010 and 2017|2016]] (aged 69)
 
|nationality=British
 
|nationality=British
 
|residence=
 
|residence=
 
|gender=Male
 
|gender=Male
|eyes=
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|eyes=Green/Hazel
|hair=
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|hair=Dark Blonde/Grey
 
|height=6' 1"<ref>[http://www.imdb.com/name/nm0000614/ Alan Rickman on the Internet Movie Database]</ref>
 
|height=6' 1"<ref>[http://www.imdb.com/name/nm0000614/ Alan Rickman on the Internet Movie Database]</ref>
|family=*Bernard Rickman (father) †
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|family=*Bernard William Rickman (father) †
*Margaret Rickman (mother)
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*Margaret Doreen Rose Rickman (née Bartlett) (mother)
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*David Bernard John Rickman (brother)
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*Christine J. Rickman (née Morrissey) (sister-in-law)<ref name="David marriage">''England & Wales marriages 1837-2008.'' Vol. 5B, p. 336. Print</ref>
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*Michael Keith Rickman (brother)
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*Sheila Joan Rickman (sister)<ref name="Sheila Joan">[https://www.companiesintheuk.co.uk/director/12745289/sheila-rickman "Sheila Joan Rickman."]''Companies In the UK.'' Retrieved 3 February 2016.</ref>
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*Kenneth W. J. Edginton (stepfather)<ref name="ref1">''England & Wales marriages 1837-2008.'' Vol. 5E, p. 307. Print.</ref>
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*Claire Rickman (niece)<ref name="ref3"/>
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*Amy Jane Rickman (niece)<ref name="ref3"/><ref name="ref4">''England & Wales, Birth Index, 1916-2005.'' General Register Office. ''England and Wales Civil Registration Indexes.'' London, England: General Register Office. Print.</ref><ref name="ref5">''England & Wales births 1837-2006.'' Vol. 20, p. 1973. Print.</ref>
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*Sarah Melanie Rickman (niece)<ref name="Sarah Rickman birth">''England & Wales births 1837-2006.'' Vol. 10, p. 0982. Print.</ref>
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*Charlotte Rickman (niece)<ref name="Charlotte Rickman birth">''England & Wales births 1837-2006.'' Vol. 20, p. 1657. Print.</ref>
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*Arthur Rickman (great-nephew)<ref name="Arthur Rickman birth">Rickman, Charlotte. [https://twitter.com/charlotte_faye/status/491031031093686272 "I became an Auntie tonight! Arthur Rickman was born at 21:18 weighing 7.1. Welcome to the world little man."] ''Twitter.'' 20 July 2014. Retrieved 7 February 2016.</ref>
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*Rima Elizabeth Horton (widow) <ref>[http://www.imdb.com/name/nm0000614/ Alan Rickman on the Internet Movie Database]</ref><ref>[https://www.companiesintheuk.co.uk/director/2749345/rima-horton "Ms Rima Elizabeth Horton."] ''Companies In the UK.'' Retrieved 3 February 2016.</ref><ref name="Rima Horton birth">''England & Wales births 1837-2006.'' Vol. 5D, p. 406. Print.</ref>
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* Mrs Horton (née Frome) (mother-in-law)<ref name="Rima Horton birth" />
 
|alias=
 
|alias=
 
|website=
 
|website=
|yearsactive=[[1978]]—present
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|yearsactive=[[1978]]—[[Between 2010 and 2017|2016]]
 
|harrypotterrole=[[Severus Snape]]
 
|harrypotterrole=[[Severus Snape]]
|notableroles=*''Sweeney Todd'' (2007)
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|notableroles=*''Gambit'' (2012)
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*''Alice in Wonderland'' (2010)
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*''The Song of Lunch'' (2010)
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*''Bottle Shock'' (2008)
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*''Sweeney Todd'' (2007)
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*''Perfume: The Story of a Murderer'' (2006)
 
*''Snow Cake'' (2006)
 
*''Snow Cake'' (2006)
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*''Something the Lord Made'' (2004)
 
*''Love Actually'' (2003)
 
*''Love Actually'' (2003)
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*''Blow Dry'' (2001)
 
*''Galaxy Quest'' (1999)
 
*''Galaxy Quest'' (1999)
 
*''Dogma'' (1999)
 
*''Dogma'' (1999)
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*''Dark Harbor'' (1998)
 
*''Michael Collins'' (1996)
 
*''Michael Collins'' (1996)
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*''Sense and Sensibility'' (1995)
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*''An Awfully Big Adventure'' (1995)
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*''Mesmer'' (1994)
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*''Truly, Madly, Deeply'' (1991)
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*''Closet Land'' (1991)
 
*''Robin Hood: Prince of Thieves'' (1991)
 
*''Robin Hood: Prince of Thieves'' (1991)
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*''Quigley Down Under'' (1990)
 
*''Die Hard'' (1988)
 
*''Die Hard'' (1988)
*''Sense and Sensibility'' (1995)
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|emmyawards="Rasputin" (1996)
|academyawards=
 
|emmyawards= * "Rasputin" (1996)
 
 
|tonyawards=
 
|tonyawards=
 
}}
 
}}
'''Alan Rickman''' is the [[England|English]] actor who portrays [[Professor]] [[Severus Snape]] in the [[Harry Potter films]].
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'''Alan Sidney Patrick Rickman''' ([[21 February]], [[1940s|1946]] – [[14 January]], [[Between 2010 and 2017|2016]]) was an [[England|English]] actor who portrayed [[Professor]] [[Severus Snape]] in the [[Harry Potter films]].
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On Thursday, January 14, 2016, Rickman passed away from pancreatic cancer at age 69.
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==Biography==
 
==Biography==
 
===Early life===
 
===Early life===
Alan Sidney Patrick Rickman was born on 21 February 1946 in Hammersmith, [[London]] to Bernard and Margaret Rickman. His father died when Rickman was eight, leaving his mother to raise Alan and his three siblings. He attended Latymer Upper School on a scholarship and then went on to study Graphic Design at Chelsea College Of Art and Design. After college he started a successful graphics design business with friends called Graphiti, before his love of the theatre led him to seek an audition with the Royal Academy of Dramatic Arts (RADA). He received a scholarship allowing him to study at RADA, which enabled him to start his professional acting career.
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Alan Rickman was born on 21 February 1946 in South Hammersmith, [[London]] to a working class family, the son of Margaret Doreen Rose (née Bartlett; b. 6 Dec. 1911 in Pontypridd, Glamorganshire, Wales—d. 16 Feb. 1997 in Leicester, Leicestershire),<ref>''England & Wales births 1837-2006.'' Vol. 11A, p. 1224. Print.</ref><ref name="Margaret death" /> a housewife, and Bernard William Rickman (b. April 1914 in Fulham, Middlesex—d. 9 Sep. 1954),<ref>''England & Wales, Birth Index, 1837--2006.'' Vol. 1A, p. 515. Print.</ref><ref name="Bernard William">[http://www.wikitree.com/wiki/Rickman-383 "Bernard William Rickman."] ''Wiki Tree.'' Retrieved 3 February 2016.</ref> a factory worker.<ref name="ref2">Solway, Diane. [http://www.alan-rickman.com/articles/profile.html "Profile: Alan Rickman."] ''European Travel and Life.'' August 1991. Retrieved 7 January 2015.</ref> His ancestry was English, Irish and Welsh; his father was Catholic and his mother was a Methodist.<ref name="ref3">Mackenzie, Suzie. [http://www.alan-rickman.com/articles/angel.html "Angel with Horns."] ''The Guardian.'' 3 January 1998. Retrieved 7 January 2015.</ref>
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Before his mother married his birth father, she was married to Reginald Cory in 1931 in Hammersmith<ref>''England & Wales marriages 1837-2008.'' Vol. 1A, p. 618. Print</ref> before unofficially separating from him and marrying Bernard Rickman in 1940.<ref>''England & Wales marriages 1837-2008.'' Vol. 1A, p. 669. Print.</ref>
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He had one elder brother, David Bernard John (b. 1944),<ref name="unauthorised biography">Paton, Maureen. ''Alan Rickman: The Unauthorised Biography.'' London: Virgin, 1996. Print. pp. 21-22.</ref> a graphic designer who married Christine J. Morrissey in 1970<ref name="David marriage" /> and live together in Watford, Hertfordshire;<ref name="UK electoral registers 2002-2014">''UK electoral registers 2002-2014.'' Print.</ref> a younger brother, Michael Keith (b. 21 Nov. 1947), a professional tennis coach as well as a Councillor on Harborough District Council of the conservative party and lives in Medbourne, Leicestershire;<ref name="unauthorised biography" /><ref>[http://cmispublic.harborough.gov.uk/cmis5/Councillors/tabid/62/ctl/ViewCMIS_Person/mid/480/id/2152/Default.aspx "Councillor Michael Rickman."] ''Harborough District Council.'' Retrieved 3 February 2016.</ref><ref>[http://www.leicestermercury.co.uk/Brother-left-broken-actor-Alan-Rickman-s-death/story-28534977-detail/story.html Brother is left 'broken' by actor Alan Rickman's death.] ''Leicester Mercury.'' 15 January 2016. Retrieved 3 February 2016.</ref> and a younger sister, Sheila Joan (b. 15 Feb. 1950), a company secretary at Suakashi Limited since 2001 and lives in Southampton, Hampshire.<ref name="ref3" /><ref>[http://www.nndb.com/people/532/000024460/ "Alan Rickman Family Info."] ''NNDB.com.'' Retrieved 4 September 2010.</ref><ref>''England & Wales births 1837-2006.'' General Register Office. ''England and Wales Civil Registration Indexes.'' London, England: General Register Office. Print.</ref><ref name="Sheila Joan" /><ref name="UK electoral registers 2002-2014" />
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When Rickman was eight, his father died of lung cancer on 9 September 1954 at age forty, <ref name="ref3" /><ref>''England & Wales, Death Index, 1916-2007.'' Print.</ref><ref name="Bernard William" /> leaving his mother to raise him and his three siblings mostly alone. She married again in 1960 to Kenneth W. J. Edginton,<ref name="ref1" /> but divorced his stepfather after three years. "There was one love in her life", Rickman later said of this.<ref name="ref3" />
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Rickman attended Derwentwater Primary School, in Acton, London, a school that followed the Montessori method of education.<ref>Paton, Maureen. ''Alan Rickman: The Unauthorised Biography.'' London: Virgins Books, 1996. Print.</ref> He attended Latymer Upper School on a scholarship and then went on to study Graphic Design at Chelsea College Of Art and Design. After college he started a successful graphics design business with friends called Graphiti, before his love of the theatre led him to seek an audition with the Royal Academy of Dramatic Arts (RADA). He received a scholarship allowing him to study at RADA, which enabled him to start his professional acting career.
   
 
===Career===
 
===Career===
 
{{quote|You can act truthfully or you can lie. You can reveal things about yourself or you can hide. Therefore, the audience recognises something about themselves or they don't—You hope they don't leave the theatre thinking 'that was nice...now where's the cab?'|Alan Rickman on acting}}
 
{{quote|You can act truthfully or you can lie. You can reveal things about yourself or you can hide. Therefore, the audience recognises something about themselves or they don't—You hope they don't leave the theatre thinking 'that was nice...now where's the cab?'|Alan Rickman on acting}}
   
Whilst he is best known for his film roles Rickman's first love is the stage, he has worked extensively with various British repertory and experimental theatre groups on productions including ''The Seagull'' and Snoo Wilson's ''The Grass Widow'' at the Royal Court, and has appeared three times at the Edinburgh International Festival. While working with the Royal Shakespeare Company he made a particular impression as the male lead in there 1985 production of ''Les Liaisons Dangereuses''. When the show went across the Atlantic in 1986, Rickman went with it to Broadway and there earned a Tony Award nomination for his performance as the elegant and heartless seducer.
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Whilst he was best known for his film roles, Rickman's first love was the stage. He worked extensively with various British repertory and experimental theatre groups on productions including ''The Seagull'' and Snoo Wilson's ''The Grass Widow'' at the Royal Court, and appeared three times at the Edinburgh International Festival. While working with the Royal Shakespeare Company, he made a particular impression as the male lead in their 1985 production of ''Les Liaisons Dangereuses''. When the show went across the Atlantic in 1986, Rickman went with it to Broadway, and there earned a Tony Award nomination for his performance as the elegant and heartless seducer.
   
Alan Rickman has also performed on stage in Noël Coward's romantic comedy ''Private Lives'', which transferred to Broadway after its successful run in London. Rickman was reunited with his ''Les Liaisons Dangereuses'' co-star, Lindsay Duncan, and director, Howard Davies for this Tony Award winning production. Previous to this he had appeared in the Royal National Theatre's production of ''Antony and Cleopatra'' as Mark Antony, opposite Helen Mirren as Cleopatra, which ran from October 20 to December 3, 1998. Before that, he performed in Yukio Ninagawa's ''Tango at the End of Winter'' and the Riverside Studio production of ''Hamlet'' in 1991, directed by Robert Sturua. He directed ''The Winter Guest'' at London's Almeida Theatre in 1995, which his successfully transferred to film in 1996 which starred his [[Harry Potter]] co-star [[Emma Thompson]] and her real life mother Phyllida Law.
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Alan Rickman also performed on stage in Noël Coward's romantic comedy ''Private Lives'', which transferred to Broadway after its successful run in London. Rickman was reunited with his ''Les Liaisons Dangereuses'' co-star, Lindsay Duncan, and director, Howard Davies for this Tony Award winning production. Previous to this he had appeared in the Royal National Theatre's production of ''Antony and Cleopatra'' as Mark Antony, opposite Helen Mirren as Cleopatra, which ran from October 20 to December 3, 1998. Before that, he performed in Yukio Ninagawa's ''Tango at the End of Winter'' and the Riverside Studio production of ''Hamlet'' in 1991, directed by Robert Sturua. He directed ''The Winter Guest'' at London's Almeida Theatre in 1995, which his successfully transferred to film in 1996 which starred his [[Harry Potter]] co-star [[Emma Thompson]], and her real life mother Phyllida Law.
   
 
{{Quote|If people want to know who I am, it is all in the work.|Alan Rickman}}
 
{{Quote|If people want to know who I am, it is all in the work.|Alan Rickman}}
   
To television audiences he became known as Mr. Slope in the BBC's [[1980s]] adaptation of ''Barchester Towers'', though he was generally typecast in Hollywood films as an over-the-top villain (German terrorist Hans Gruber in ''Die Hard'' and the Sheriff of Nottingham in ''Robin Hood: Prince of Thieves''). His role in ''Die Hard'' earned him a spot on the American Film Institute's list of the "100 Best Heroes/Villains" as the 46th best villain in film history. His other film performances however showed the true depth of his acting abilities, playing future Irish Taoiseach and president Éamon de Valera in the film ''Michael Collins'' alongside Liam Neeson and [[Brendan Gleeson]] and showing his romantic side in British movies (Colonel Brandon in ''Sense and Sensibility''; Jamie in ''Truly, Madly, Deeply'') Rickman has also demonstrated considerable talent as a comedy actor in films such as ''Galaxy Quest'', ''Dogma'', and ''Love Actually''. He also plays a crucial role in the ''[[Harry Potter]]'' films as the potions professor [[Severus Snape]]. Rickman was cast in 2005 as the voice of Marvin the Paranoid Android in ''The Hitchhiker's Guide to the Galaxy'' film. Coincidentally, Rickman and David Learner, who occupied Marvin's costume for the TV adaptation and stage shows, studied together at RADA. He was very busy in 2006 with ''Snow Cake'' (with Sigourney Weaver and Carrie-Anne Moss) which had its debut at the Berlin Film Festival, and also ''Perfume: The Story of a Murderer'' (with Dustin Hoffman), directed by Tom Tykwer.
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To television audiences he became known as Mr. Slope in the BBC's [[1980s]] adaptation of ''Barchester Towers'', though he was generally typecast in Hollywood films as an over-the-top villain (German terrorist Hans Gruber in ''Die Hard'' and the Sheriff of Nottingham in ''Robin Hood: Prince of Thieves''). His role in ''Die Hard'' earned him a spot on the American Film Institute's list of the "100 Best Heroes/Villains" as the 46th best villain in film history. His other film performances however showed the true depth of his acting abilities, playing future Irish Taoiseach and president Éamon de Valera in the film ''Michael Collins, ''alongside Liam Neeson and [[Brendan Gleeson]], and showing his romantic side in British movies (Colonel Brandon in ''Sense and Sensibility''; Jamie in ''Truly, Madly, Deeply'') Rickman has also demonstrated considerable talent as a comedy actor in films such as ''Galaxy Quest'', ''Dogma'', and ''Love Actually''. He also played a crucial role in the ''[[Harry Potter]]'' films as the potions professor [[Severus Snape]]. Rickman was cast in 2005 as the voice of Marvin the Paranoid Android in ''The Hitchhiker's Guide to the Galaxy'' film. Coincidentally, Rickman and David Learner, who occupied Marvin's costume for the TV adaptation and stage shows, studied together at RADA. He was very busy in 2006 with ''Snow Cake'' (with Sigourney Weaver and Carrie-Anne Moss) which had its debut at the Berlin Film Festival, and also ''Perfume: The Story of a Murderer'' (with Dustin Hoffman), directed by Tom Tykwer.
   
 
[[File:Snape OOP trailer.png|thumb|250px|right|Alan Rickman as Severus Snape performing [[Legilimency]] in {{OOTP}}]]
 
[[File:Snape OOP trailer.png|thumb|250px|right|Alan Rickman as Severus Snape performing [[Legilimency]] in {{OOTP}}]]
Rickman continues to show dismay over journalists repeatedly labeling him as a villain actor, citing the fact that he has not portrayed a stock villain character since the Sheriff of Nottingham in 1991, and pointing out that he has continued to portray characters of complex and varying emotions, and does not think it is fair to assign characters a label of good or evil, hero or villain. The media has also dogged him in recent years for his thoughts on his role in the ''[[Harry Potter]]'' series, an irritation to him as he feels the press are too interested in Snape to pay attention to his other work. However, he is very much admired by his Harry Potter fans for the protection he has shown for his character in the series, as he continues to cite a fear of ruining the mystery of the character for the fans by talking about him. It is known that prior to the book release of ''[[Harry Potter and the Half-Blood Prince]]'' Rickman had spoken on occasion about Snape quite easily, but with the controversy of the character following the events of the sixth book, Rickman refused to speak on the character anymore.
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Rickman continued to show dismay over journalists repeatedly labelling him as a villain actor, citing the fact that he had not portrayed a stock villain character since the Sheriff of Nottingham in 1991, and pointing out that he had continued to portray characters of complex and varying emotions, and didn't think it was fair to assign characters a label of good or evil, hero or villain. The media also dogged him in later years for his thoughts on his role in the ''[[Harry Potter]]'' series, an irritation to him as he felt the press were too interested in Snape to pay attention to his other work. However, he is very much admired by his Harry Potter fans for the protection he showed for his character in the series, as he continued to cite a fear of ruining the mystery of the character for the fans by talking about him. It is known that prior to the book release of ''[[Harry Potter and the Half-Blood Prince]]'' Rickman had spoken on occasion about Snape quite easily, but with the controversy of the character following the events of the sixth book, Rickman refused to speak on the character anymore.
   
Rickman has also been featured in several musical works—most notably in a song composed by the English songwriter Adam Leonard. Moreover, the actor played a "Master of Ceremonies" part in announcing the various instruments in Mike Oldfield's ''Tubular Bells II'' on the track "The Bell". He was also one of the many artists who recited Shakespearian sonnets on the 2002-released ''When Love Speaks'' CD, and is also featured prominently in a Texas music-video entitled "In Demand", which premiered on Europe MTV in August 2000. In the video Sharleen Spiteri (the lead singer of Texas) danced the tango with Alan: the clip was nominated for Best British Video at the Brit Awards. Sharleen said about the choice of Alan for the clip; "I thought it had to be someone who would be believable, who would rip your coat off and pull you into the tango, so I thought Alan Rickman!"
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Rickman also featured in several musical works—most notably in a song composed by the English songwriter Adam Leonard. Moreover, the actor played a "Master of Ceremonies" part in announcing the various instruments in Mike Oldfield's ''Tubular Bells II'' on the track "The Bell". He was also one of the many artists who recited Shakespearian sonnets on the 2002-released ''When Love Speaks'' CD, and was also featured prominently in a Texas music-video entitled "In Demand", which premiered on Europe MTV in August 2000. In the video Sharleen Spiteri (the lead singer of Texas) danced the tango with Alan: the clip was nominated for Best British Video at the Brit Awards. Sharleen said about the choice of Alan for the clip; "I thought it had to be someone who would be believable, who would rip your coat off and pull you into the tango, so I thought Alan Rickman!" In 2015, Rickman and Spiteri resumed company for production of Texas' song "Start a Family", in which Rickman not only starred in the video but also provided vocals.
   
 
====Awards and nominations====
 
====Awards and nominations====
Alan Rickman won a Golden Globe and an Emmy for his performance in ''Rasputin: Dark Servant of Destiny'' in 1996, and was also nominated for an Emmy Award for his work as Dr. Alfred Blalock in 2004's ''Something the Lord Made''. He has also been nominated twice for Broadway's Tony Award as Best Actor (Play): in 1987 for ''Les Liaisons Dangereuses'', and in 2002 for the revival of Noël Coward's ''Private Lives''.
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Alan Rickman won a Golden Globe and an Emmy for his performance in ''Rasputin: Dark Servant of Destiny'' in 1996, and was also nominated for an Emmy Award for his work as Dr. Alfred Blalock in 2004's ''Something the Lord Made''. He was also nominated twice for Broadway's Tony Award as Best Actor (Play): in 1987 for ''Les Liaisons Dangereuses'', and in 2002 for the revival of Noël Coward's ''Private Lives''.
   
 
[[File:Alan Rickman Recieving An Award.jpg|thumb|231px|Alan Rickman receiving an Emmy award]]
 
[[File:Alan Rickman Recieving An Award.jpg|thumb|231px|Alan Rickman receiving an Emmy award]]
Rickman directed the play ''My Name Is Rachel Corrie'' in April 2005 at the Royal Court Theatre, London, and won the Theatre Goers' Choice Awards for best director. The production is based on the writings of Rachel Corrie, the 23-year-old American woman who was killed on March 16, [[2003]] by an Israeli Army bulldozer.
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Rickman directed the play ''My Name Is Rachel Corrie'' in April 2005 at the Royal Court Theatre, London, and won the Theatre Goers' Choice Awards for best director. Rickman and journalist Katherine Viner compiled the play from the writings of Rachel Corrie, a 23-year-old American woman who was killed on March 16, [[2003]] by an Israeli Army bulldozer.
   
Rickman was chosen by ''Empire'' magazine as one of the 100 Sexiest Stars in film history (No 34) in 1995, ranked No 59 in ''Empire'''s "The Top 100 Movie Stars of All Time" list in October 1997 and was voted No 19 in ''Empire'' magazine's Greatest Living Movie Stars over the age of 50. In 2007, Entertainment Weekly named him one of their favourite people in pop culture, saying that in the Harry Potter films, "he may not be on screen long- but he owns every minute," and that he is capable of "turning a simple retort into a mini-symphony of contempt."<ref>[http://www.ew.com/ew/article/0,,20043289_20043293_20043278_3,00.html Entertainment Weekly's 100 Favorite People in Pop Culture]</ref>
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[[File:271626_2195850825083_1511602363_32426568_5906345_o.jpg|left|230px|thumb|this is what Alan wrote for Empire Magazine.<ref>http://www.independent.co.uk/arts-entertainment/films/news/alan-rickman-dead-read-his-heartfelt-goodbye-letter-to-harry-potter-fans-a6812066.html</ref>]]Rickman was chosen by ''Empire'' magazine as one of the 100 Sexiest Stars in film history (No 34) in 1995, ranked No 59 in ''<nowiki>Empire'</nowiki>''s "The Top 100 Movie Stars of All Time" list in October 1997 and was voted No 19 in ''Empire'' magazine's Greatest Living Movie Stars over the age of 50. In 2007, Entertainment Weekly named him one of their favourite people in pop culture, saying that in the Harry Potter films, "he may not be on screen long but he owns every minute," and that he was capable of "turning a simple retort into a mini-symphony of contempt."<ref>[http://www.ew.com/ew/article/0,,20043289_20043293_20043278_3,00.html Entertainment Weekly's 100 Favorite People in Pop Culture]</ref>
   
 
Rickman became Vice-Chairman of the Royal Academy of Dramatic Art (RADA) in 2003.
 
Rickman became Vice-Chairman of the Royal Academy of Dramatic Art (RADA) in 2003.
   
 
===Personal life===
 
===Personal life===
Rickman has been with his partner, Rima Horton, for over forty years, since the two attended Chelsea School of Art together. A former Labour Party candidate for the British parliament, as of 2006 Horton was an economics lecturer at Kingston University.<ref>http://scotlandonsunday.scotsman.com/spectrum.cfm?id=1092402006 A Man For All Seasons, 'Scotland on Sunday' July 30, 2006</ref>
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Rickman had been with his partner, Rima Horton, for over fifty years, since the two had attended Chelsea School of Art together. A former Labour Party candidate for the British parliament, as of 2006 Horton was an economics lecturer at Kingston University.<ref>[http://scotlandonsunday.scotsman.com/spectrum.cfm?id=1092402006 A Man For All Seasons.] ''Scotland on Sunday.'' 30 July 2006.</ref>
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In interviews, he named two of his nieces, Claire and Amy Jane (b. Jan. 1990 in Southampton), the daughters of his sister, Sheila.<ref name="ref3" /><ref name="ref4" /><ref name="ref5" /><ref>[http://harrypotterinterview.free.fr/pages/interviews/alanrickman/origmagazineunreel.htm "Alan Rickman Interview."] ''Unreel Film Magazine.'' 2001.</ref> His other nieces and nephews included Sarah Melanie Rickman (b. 1975 in Watford), the daughter of his brother, David and wife, Christine who lived with her aunt, Rima in Upper Addison Gardens from 2002-08 and is now married;<ref name="Sarah Rickman birth" /><ref name="UK electoral registers 2002-2014" /><ref>[http://desperatemurph.tumblr.com/post/137609785375/alan-with-his-niece-sarah-at-her-wedding Photo: Alan with his niece Sarah at her wedding.] ''Desperate Murph Tumblr.'' 19 January 2016. Retrieved 4 February 2016.</ref> Belle; Benta; Jonathan; and Charlotte (b. c. 1982) who currently resides in South West London.<ref>[https://answers.yahoo.com/question/index?qid=20061006013353AA1rXpG How many nieces and nephews does Alan Rickman have?] ''Yahoo! Answers.'' 2007. Retrieved 4 February 2016.</ref><ref name="Charlotte Rickman birth" /><ref>Rickman, Charlotte. [https://twitter.com/charlotte_faye/status/447414182867394560 "@NatAllSaints As promised...this was backstage at Wembley in 1999. I was 17!"] ''Twitter.'' 22 March 2014. Retrieved 7 February 2016.</ref><ref>Rickman, Charlotte. [https://twitter.com/charlotte_faye/status/687720943003791360 "I have always been proud to be related to Alan. Such a shame he won't be making any more fantastic movies. Sleep tight."] ''Twitter.'' 14 January 2016. Retrieved 7 February 2016.</ref> He also had a great-nephew, Arthur (b. 20 Jul. 2014).<ref name="Arthur Rickman birth" />
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His mother passed away on 16 February 1997, aged 85 in Leicester, Leicestershire.<ref name="Margaret death">''England & Wales, Death Index, 1916-2007.'' Print.</ref>
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Rickman was the Honorary President of the [http://ipat.org.uk/trustees/a-message-from-the-president/ International Performers' Aid Trust,] a charity that saves the lives of and supports actors, musicians and other performing artists in some of the most difficult conditions around the world.
   
 
==Filmography==
 
==Filmography==
*''Die Hard'' (1988), as Hans Gruber.
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*''Thérèse Raquin'' (1980), as Vidal
*''The January Man'' (1989), as Ed, the painter.
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*''The Barchester Chronicles'' (1982), as Reverend Obadiah Slope
*''Quigley Down Under'' (1990), as Elliot Marston, an unscrupulous ranch owner
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*''Summer Season'' (1985), as Croop
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*''Die Hard'' (1988), as Hans Gruber
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*''The January Man'' (1989), as Ed the painter
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*''Quigley Down Under'' (1990), as Elliot Marston
 
*''Truly, Madly, Deeply'' (1991) as Jamie
 
*''Truly, Madly, Deeply'' (1991) as Jamie
 
*''Robin Hood: Prince of Thieves'' (1991), as the Sheriff of Nottingham
 
*''Robin Hood: Prince of Thieves'' (1991), as the Sheriff of Nottingham
Line 79: Line 88:
 
*''Sense and Sensibility'' (1995), as Colonel Brandon
 
*''Sense and Sensibility'' (1995), as Colonel Brandon
 
*''Rasputin: Dark Servant of Destiny'' (1996), as Grigori Rasputin
 
*''Rasputin: Dark Servant of Destiny'' (1996), as Grigori Rasputin
*''Michael Collins'' (1996), as Eamon de Valera
+
*''Michael Collins'' (1996), as Éamon de Valera
 
*''The Winter Guest'' (1997) (director) (uncredited), Man in street
 
*''The Winter Guest'' (1997) (director) (uncredited), Man in street
 
*''Judas Kiss'' (1998), as Detective David Friedman
 
*''Judas Kiss'' (1998), as Detective David Friedman
 
*''Dark Harbour'' (1998), as David Weinberg
 
*''Dark Harbour'' (1998), as David Weinberg
 
*''Dogma'' (1999), as Metatron
 
*''Dogma'' (1999), as Metatron
*''Galaxy Quest'' (1999), as Alexander Dane/Dr. Lazarus
+
*''Galaxy Quest'' (1999), as Alexander Dane/Dr Lazarus
 
*''Play (2000), as M''
 
*''Play (2000), as M''
 
*''Help! I'm a Fish!'' (2000), as the voice of Joe
 
*''Help! I'm a Fish!'' (2000), as the voice of Joe
Line 93: Line 102:
 
*''King of the Hill-"Joust Like a Woman"'' (2002) as King Philip
 
*''King of the Hill-"Joust Like a Woman"'' (2002) as King Philip
 
*''Love Actually'' (2003), as Harry
 
*''Love Actually'' (2003), as Harry
*''Something the Lord Made'' (2004), as Dr. Alfred Blalock
+
*''Something the Lord Made'' (2004), as Dr Alfred Blalock
 
*''[[Harry Potter and the Prisoner of Azkaban (film)|Harry Potter and the Prisoner of Azkaban]]'' (2004), as [[Severus Snape]]
 
*''[[Harry Potter and the Prisoner of Azkaban (film)|Harry Potter and the Prisoner of Azkaban]]'' (2004), as [[Severus Snape]]
 
*''The Hitchhiker's Guide to the Galaxy'' (2005) as the voice of [[wikipedia:Marvin the Paranoid Android|Marvin the Paranoid Android]]
 
*''The Hitchhiker's Guide to the Galaxy'' (2005) as the voice of [[wikipedia:Marvin the Paranoid Android|Marvin the Paranoid Android]]
Line 99: Line 108:
 
*''Perfume: The Story of a Murderer'' (2006), as Antoine Richis
 
*''Perfume: The Story of a Murderer'' (2006), as Antoine Richis
 
*''Snow Cake'' (2006), as Alex Hughes
 
*''Snow Cake'' (2006), as Alex Hughes
*''Nobel Son'' (2006), as Eli Michaelson, Nobel laureate.
+
*''Nobel Son'' (2006), as Eli Michaelson, Nobel laureate
 
*''[[Harry Potter and the Order of the Phoenix (film)|Harry Potter and the Order of the Phoenix]]'' (2007), as [[Severus Snape]]
 
*''[[Harry Potter and the Order of the Phoenix (film)|Harry Potter and the Order of the Phoenix]]'' (2007), as [[Severus Snape]]
 
*''Sweeney Todd: The Demon Barber of Fleet Street'' (2007), as Judge Turpin
 
*''Sweeney Todd: The Demon Barber of Fleet Street'' (2007), as Judge Turpin
Line 105: Line 114:
 
*''The Villa Golitsyn'' (2008), as Will Ludley
 
*''The Villa Golitsyn'' (2008), as Will Ludley
 
*''[[Harry Potter and the Half-Blood Prince (film)|Harry Potter and the Half-Blood Prince]]'' (2009), as [[Severus Snape]]
 
*''[[Harry Potter and the Half-Blood Prince (film)|Harry Potter and the Half-Blood Prince]]'' (2009), as [[Severus Snape]]
*''Alice In Wonderland (2010), as Absolem(the Blue Catapillar).''
+
*''Alice In Wonderland'' (2010), as Absolem (the Blue Caterpillar).
 
*''[[Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows: Part 1]]'' (2010), as [[Severus Snape]]
 
*''[[Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows: Part 1]]'' (2010), as [[Severus Snape]]
 
*''[[Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows: Part 2]]'' (2011), as [[Severus Snape]]
 
*''[[Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows: Part 2]]'' (2011), as [[Severus Snape]]
  +
*''Gambit'' (2012), as Lord Lionel Shahbandar
  +
*''The Butler'' (2013), as Ronald Reagan
  +
*''A Little Chaos'' (2014), as <span style="font-family:sans-serif;line-height:19.1875px;">King Louis XIV</span>
   
 
==Television==
 
==Television==
  +
*''Smiley's People'' (1982)
  +
*''The Barchester Chronicles'' (1982)
 
*''We Know Where You Live'' (2001)
 
*''We Know Where You Live'' (2001)
  +
  +
==Behind the scenes==
  +
*His second and third names were derived from his maternal uncle, Sidney F. H. Bartlett (b. 1914), who died at 15 years old in 1929 (from an unknown cause)<ref>[http://s760.photobucket.com/user/jdnight_2009/media/Alan%20Sidney%20Patrick%20Rickman%20Family%20Tree_2%20Maternal_zpsmb8cwdm2.png.html "Alan Rickman Maternal Family Tree."] ''Ancestry.com.'' Retrieved 3 February 2016.</ref> and his paternal uncle, Patrick David John Rickman (b. 1919 and married to Jennie R. Gentry in 1939), who died at 26 years old on 1 January 1945 as a World War II Rifleman for the King's Royal Rifle Corps.<ref>[http://s760.photobucket.com/user/jdnight_2009/media/Alan%20Sidney%20Patrick%20Rickman%20Family%20Tree_3%20Paternal_zpsjg9zylzr.png.html?sort=3&o=0 "Alan Rickman Paternal Family Tree."] ''Ancestry.com.'' Retrieved 3 February 2016.</ref><ref>''England & Wales births 1837-2006.'' Vol. 1A, p. 579. Print.</ref><ref>''England & Wales marriages 1837-2008.'' Vol 1A, p. 1584. Print.</ref><ref>''GRO War Death Army Other Ranks (1939 to 1948). British nationals armed forces deaths 1796-2005.'' Vol. 7, p. 208. Print.</ref><ref>''Army Roll of Honour 1939-1945.'' Print.</ref>
  +
*It is said that during the production of ''[[Harry Potter and the Philosopher's Stone (film)|Harry Potter and the Philosopher's Stone]]'', he had cut his Snape wig "because it drove him mad."<ref>[http://severus.forumcommunity.net/?t=5135886 "Alan Rickman Biography."] ''Severus Forums Community.'' 13 Oct. 2009. Retrieved 3 February 2016.</ref>
   
 
==Notes and references==
 
==Notes and references==
{{Reflist}}
+
{{Scroll box|{{Reflist}}}}
   
 
==External links==
 
==External links==
 
{{Imagecat|Images of Alan Rickman}}
 
{{Imagecat|Images of Alan Rickman}}
  +
*{{IMDb name|nm0000614|Alan Rickman}}
 
*[http://www.kronomy.com/guest.php?uid=PoIuS8Apl1&beta_key=Xg0v3G4nX 3D Timeline of Alan Rickman] at Kronomy
 
*[http://www.kronomy.com/guest.php?uid=PoIuS8Apl1&beta_key=Xg0v3G4nX 3D Timeline of Alan Rickman] at Kronomy
 
*[[wikipedia:Alan Rickman|Alan Rickman]] at Wikipedia
 
*[[wikipedia:Alan Rickman|Alan Rickman]] at Wikipedia
  +
*[https://www.myheritage.com/site-family-tree-337699161/rickman Alan Rickman Family Tree]
   
  +
[[es:Alan Rickman]]
 
[[fr:Alan Rickman]]
 
[[fr:Alan Rickman]]
 
[[ru:Алан Рикман]]
 
[[ru:Алан Рикман]]
 
[[pl:Alan Rickman]]
 
[[pl:Alan Rickman]]
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[[it:Alan Rickman]]
 
[[ja:アラン・リックマン]]
 
[[ja:アラン・リックマン]]
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{{DEFAULTSORT:Rickman, Alan}}
 
[[Category:Actors (real-world)|Rickman, Alan]]
 
[[Category:Actors (real-world)|Rickman, Alan]]
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[[Category:Deceased actors (real-world)]]
 
[[Category:Voice actors (real-world)|Rickman, Alan]]
 
[[Category:Voice actors (real-world)|Rickman, Alan]]
  +
[[Category:Harry Potter and the Philosopher's Stone actors]]
  +
[[Category:Harry Potter and the Chamber of Secrets actors]]
  +
[[Category:Harry Potter and the Prisoner of Azkaban actors]]
  +
[[Category:Harry Potter and the Goblet of Fire actors]]
  +
[[Category:Harry Potter and the Order of the Phoenix actors]]
  +
[[Category:Harry Potter and the Half-Blood Prince actors]]
  +
[[Category:Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows: Part 1 actors]]
  +
[[Category:Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows: Part 2 actors]]

Latest revision as of 10:03, March 6, 2016

Alan Sidney Patrick Rickman (21 February, 194614 January, 2016) was an English actor who portrayed Professor Severus Snape in the Harry Potter films.

On Thursday, January 14, 2016, Rickman passed away from pancreatic cancer at age 69.

BiographyEdit

Early lifeEdit

Alan Rickman was born on 21 February 1946 in South Hammersmith, London to a working class family, the son of Margaret Doreen Rose (née Bartlett; b. 6 Dec. 1911 in Pontypridd, Glamorganshire, Wales—d. 16 Feb. 1997 in Leicester, Leicestershire),[14][15] a housewife, and Bernard William Rickman (b. April 1914 in Fulham, Middlesex—d. 9 Sep. 1954),[16][17] a factory worker.[18] His ancestry was English, Irish and Welsh; his father was Catholic and his mother was a Methodist.[5]

Before his mother married his birth father, she was married to Reginald Cory in 1931 in Hammersmith[19] before unofficially separating from him and marrying Bernard Rickman in 1940.[20]

He had one elder brother, David Bernard John (b. 1944),[21] a graphic designer who married Christine J. Morrissey in 1970[2] and live together in Watford, Hertfordshire;[22] a younger brother, Michael Keith (b. 21 Nov. 1947), a professional tennis coach as well as a Councillor on Harborough District Council of the conservative party and lives in Medbourne, Leicestershire;[21][23][24] and a younger sister, Sheila Joan (b. 15 Feb. 1950), a company secretary at Suakashi Limited since 2001 and lives in Southampton, Hampshire.[5][25][26][3][22]

When Rickman was eight, his father died of lung cancer on 9 September 1954 at age forty, [5][27][17] leaving his mother to raise him and his three siblings mostly alone. She married again in 1960 to Kenneth W. J. Edginton,[4] but divorced his stepfather after three years. "There was one love in her life", Rickman later said of this.[5]

Rickman attended Derwentwater Primary School, in Acton, London, a school that followed the Montessori method of education.[28] He attended Latymer Upper School on a scholarship and then went on to study Graphic Design at Chelsea College Of Art and Design. After college he started a successful graphics design business with friends called Graphiti, before his love of the theatre led him to seek an audition with the Royal Academy of Dramatic Arts (RADA). He received a scholarship allowing him to study at RADA, which enabled him to start his professional acting career.

CareerEdit

"You can act truthfully or you can lie. You can reveal things about yourself or you can hide. Therefore, the audience recognises something about themselves or they don't—You hope they don't leave the theatre thinking 'that was nice...now where's the cab?'"
—Alan Rickman on acting

Whilst he was best known for his film roles, Rickman's first love was the stage. He worked extensively with various British repertory and experimental theatre groups on productions including The Seagull and Snoo Wilson's The Grass Widow at the Royal Court, and appeared three times at the Edinburgh International Festival. While working with the Royal Shakespeare Company, he made a particular impression as the male lead in their 1985 production of Les Liaisons Dangereuses. When the show went across the Atlantic in 1986, Rickman went with it to Broadway, and there earned a Tony Award nomination for his performance as the elegant and heartless seducer.

Alan Rickman also performed on stage in Noël Coward's romantic comedy Private Lives, which transferred to Broadway after its successful run in London. Rickman was reunited with his Les Liaisons Dangereuses co-star, Lindsay Duncan, and director, Howard Davies for this Tony Award winning production. Previous to this he had appeared in the Royal National Theatre's production of Antony and Cleopatra as Mark Antony, opposite Helen Mirren as Cleopatra, which ran from October 20 to December 3, 1998. Before that, he performed in Yukio Ninagawa's Tango at the End of Winter and the Riverside Studio production of Hamlet in 1991, directed by Robert Sturua. He directed The Winter Guest at London's Almeida Theatre in 1995, which his successfully transferred to film in 1996 which starred his Harry Potter co-star Emma Thompson, and her real life mother Phyllida Law.

"If people want to know who I am, it is all in the work."
—Alan Rickman

To television audiences he became known as Mr. Slope in the BBC's 1980s adaptation of Barchester Towers, though he was generally typecast in Hollywood films as an over-the-top villain (German terrorist Hans Gruber in Die Hard and the Sheriff of Nottingham in Robin Hood: Prince of Thieves). His role in Die Hard earned him a spot on the American Film Institute's list of the "100 Best Heroes/Villains" as the 46th best villain in film history. His other film performances however showed the true depth of his acting abilities, playing future Irish Taoiseach and president Éamon de Valera in the film Michael Collins, alongside Liam Neeson and Brendan Gleeson, and showing his romantic side in British movies (Colonel Brandon in Sense and Sensibility; Jamie in Truly, Madly, Deeply) Rickman has also demonstrated considerable talent as a comedy actor in films such as Galaxy Quest, Dogma, and Love Actually. He also played a crucial role in the Harry Potter films as the potions professor Severus Snape. Rickman was cast in 2005 as the voice of Marvin the Paranoid Android in The Hitchhiker's Guide to the Galaxy film. Coincidentally, Rickman and David Learner, who occupied Marvin's costume for the TV adaptation and stage shows, studied together at RADA. He was very busy in 2006 with Snow Cake (with Sigourney Weaver and Carrie-Anne Moss) which had its debut at the Berlin Film Festival, and also Perfume: The Story of a Murderer (with Dustin Hoffman), directed by Tom Tykwer.

Snape OOP trailer

Alan Rickman as Severus Snape performing Legilimency in Harry Potter and the Order of the Phoenix

Rickman continued to show dismay over journalists repeatedly labelling him as a villain actor, citing the fact that he had not portrayed a stock villain character since the Sheriff of Nottingham in 1991, and pointing out that he had continued to portray characters of complex and varying emotions, and didn't think it was fair to assign characters a label of good or evil, hero or villain. The media also dogged him in later years for his thoughts on his role in the Harry Potter series, an irritation to him as he felt the press were too interested in Snape to pay attention to his other work. However, he is very much admired by his Harry Potter fans for the protection he showed for his character in the series, as he continued to cite a fear of ruining the mystery of the character for the fans by talking about him. It is known that prior to the book release of Harry Potter and the Half-Blood Prince Rickman had spoken on occasion about Snape quite easily, but with the controversy of the character following the events of the sixth book, Rickman refused to speak on the character anymore.

Rickman also featured in several musical works—most notably in a song composed by the English songwriter Adam Leonard. Moreover, the actor played a "Master of Ceremonies" part in announcing the various instruments in Mike Oldfield's Tubular Bells II on the track "The Bell". He was also one of the many artists who recited Shakespearian sonnets on the 2002-released When Love Speaks CD, and was also featured prominently in a Texas music-video entitled "In Demand", which premiered on Europe MTV in August 2000. In the video Sharleen Spiteri (the lead singer of Texas) danced the tango with Alan: the clip was nominated for Best British Video at the Brit Awards. Sharleen said about the choice of Alan for the clip; "I thought it had to be someone who would be believable, who would rip your coat off and pull you into the tango, so I thought Alan Rickman!" In 2015, Rickman and Spiteri resumed company for production of Texas' song "Start a Family", in which Rickman not only starred in the video but also provided vocals.

Awards and nominationsEdit

Alan Rickman won a Golden Globe and an Emmy for his performance in Rasputin: Dark Servant of Destiny in 1996, and was also nominated for an Emmy Award for his work as Dr. Alfred Blalock in 2004's Something the Lord Made. He was also nominated twice for Broadway's Tony Award as Best Actor (Play): in 1987 for Les Liaisons Dangereuses, and in 2002 for the revival of Noël Coward's Private Lives.

Alan Rickman Recieving An Award

Alan Rickman receiving an Emmy award

Rickman directed the play My Name Is Rachel Corrie in April 2005 at the Royal Court Theatre, London, and won the Theatre Goers' Choice Awards for best director. Rickman and journalist Katherine Viner compiled the play from the writings of Rachel Corrie, a 23-year-old American woman who was killed on March 16, 2003 by an Israeli Army bulldozer.

271626 2195850825083 1511602363 32426568 5906345 o

this is what Alan wrote for Empire Magazine.[29]

Rickman was chosen by Empire magazine as one of the 100 Sexiest Stars in film history (No 34) in 1995, ranked No 59 in Empire's "The Top 100 Movie Stars of All Time" list in October 1997 and was voted No 19 in Empire magazine's Greatest Living Movie Stars over the age of 50. In 2007, Entertainment Weekly named him one of their favourite people in pop culture, saying that in the Harry Potter films, "he may not be on screen long – but he owns every minute," and that he was capable of "turning a simple retort into a mini-symphony of contempt."[30]

Rickman became Vice-Chairman of the Royal Academy of Dramatic Art (RADA) in 2003.

Personal lifeEdit

Rickman had been with his partner, Rima Horton, for over fifty years, since the two had attended Chelsea School of Art together. A former Labour Party candidate for the British parliament, as of 2006 Horton was an economics lecturer at Kingston University.[31]

In interviews, he named two of his nieces, Claire and Amy Jane (b. Jan. 1990 in Southampton), the daughters of his sister, Sheila.[5][6][7][32] His other nieces and nephews included Sarah Melanie Rickman (b. 1975 in Watford), the daughter of his brother, David and wife, Christine who lived with her aunt, Rima in Upper Addison Gardens from 2002-08 and is now married;[8][22][33] Belle; Benta; Jonathan; and Charlotte (b. c. 1982) who currently resides in South West London.[34][9][35][36] He also had a great-nephew, Arthur (b. 20 Jul. 2014).[10]

His mother passed away on 16 February 1997, aged 85 in Leicester, Leicestershire.[15]

Rickman was the Honorary President of the International Performers' Aid Trust, a charity that saves the lives of and supports actors, musicians and other performing artists in some of the most difficult conditions around the world.

FilmographyEdit

  • Thérèse Raquin (1980), as Vidal
  • The Barchester Chronicles (1982), as Reverend Obadiah Slope
  • Summer Season (1985), as Croop
  • Die Hard (1988), as Hans Gruber
  • The January Man (1989), as Ed the painter
  • Quigley Down Under (1990), as Elliot Marston
  • Truly, Madly, Deeply (1991) as Jamie
  • Robin Hood: Prince of Thieves (1991), as the Sheriff of Nottingham
  • Close My Eyes (1991) as Sinclair Bryant
  • Closet Land (1991), as The Interrogator
  • Bob Roberts (1992), as Lukas Hart III
  • Mesmer (1994), as Franz Mesmer
  • An Awfully Big Adventure (1995) as P.L. O'Hara
  • Sense and Sensibility (1995), as Colonel Brandon
  • Rasputin: Dark Servant of Destiny (1996), as Grigori Rasputin
  • Michael Collins (1996), as Éamon de Valera
  • The Winter Guest (1997) (director) (uncredited), Man in street
  • Judas Kiss (1998), as Detective David Friedman
  • Dark Harbour (1998), as David Weinberg
  • Dogma (1999), as Metatron
  • Galaxy Quest (1999), as Alexander Dane/Dr Lazarus
  • Play (2000), as M
  • Help! I'm a Fish! (2000), as the voice of Joe
  • Blow Dry (2001), as Phil Allen
  • Harry Potter and the Philosopher's Stone (2001), as Severus Snape
  • The Search for John Gissing (2001), as John Gissing
  • Harry Potter and the Chamber of Secrets (2002), as Severus Snape
  • King of the Hill-"Joust Like a Woman" (2002) as King Philip
  • Love Actually (2003), as Harry
  • Something the Lord Made (2004), as Dr Alfred Blalock
  • Harry Potter and the Prisoner of Azkaban (2004), as Severus Snape
  • The Hitchhiker's Guide to the Galaxy (2005) as the voice of Marvin the Paranoid Android
  • Harry Potter and the Goblet of Fire (2005), as Severus Snape
  • Perfume: The Story of a Murderer (2006), as Antoine Richis
  • Snow Cake (2006), as Alex Hughes
  • Nobel Son (2006), as Eli Michaelson, Nobel laureate
  • Harry Potter and the Order of the Phoenix (2007), as Severus Snape
  • Sweeney Todd: The Demon Barber of Fleet Street (2007), as Judge Turpin
  • Bottle Shock (2008), as Steven Spurrier
  • The Villa Golitsyn (2008), as Will Ludley
  • Harry Potter and the Half-Blood Prince (2009), as Severus Snape
  • Alice In Wonderland (2010), as Absolem (the Blue Caterpillar).
  • Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows: Part 1 (2010), as Severus Snape
  • Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows: Part 2 (2011), as Severus Snape
  • Gambit (2012), as Lord Lionel Shahbandar
  • The Butler (2013), as Ronald Reagan
  • A Little Chaos (2014), as King Louis XIV

TelevisionEdit

  • Smiley's People (1982)
  • The Barchester Chronicles (1982)
  • We Know Where You Live (2001)

Behind the scenesEdit

  • His second and third names were derived from his maternal uncle, Sidney F. H. Bartlett (b. 1914), who died at 15 years old in 1929 (from an unknown cause)[37] and his paternal uncle, Patrick David John Rickman (b. 1919 and married to Jennie R. Gentry in 1939), who died at 26 years old on 1 January 1945 as a World War II Rifleman for the King's Royal Rifle Corps.[38][39][40][41][42]
  • It is said that during the production of Harry Potter and the Philosopher's Stone, he had cut his Snape wig "because it drove him mad."[43]

Notes and referencesEdit

  1. Alan Rickman on the Internet Movie Database
  2. 2.0 2.1 England & Wales marriages 1837-2008. Vol. 5B, p. 336. Print
  3. 3.0 3.1 "Sheila Joan Rickman."Companies In the UK. Retrieved 3 February 2016.
  4. 4.0 4.1 England & Wales marriages 1837-2008. Vol. 5E, p. 307. Print.
  5. 5.0 5.1 5.2 5.3 5.4 5.5 5.6 Mackenzie, Suzie. "Angel with Horns." The Guardian. 3 January 1998. Retrieved 7 January 2015.
  6. 6.0 6.1 England & Wales, Birth Index, 1916-2005. General Register Office. England and Wales Civil Registration Indexes. London, England: General Register Office. Print.
  7. 7.0 7.1 England & Wales births 1837-2006. Vol. 20, p. 1973. Print.
  8. 8.0 8.1 England & Wales births 1837-2006. Vol. 10, p. 0982. Print.
  9. 9.0 9.1 England & Wales births 1837-2006. Vol. 20, p. 1657. Print.
  10. 10.0 10.1 Rickman, Charlotte. "I became an Auntie tonight! Arthur Rickman was born at 21:18 weighing 7.1. Welcome to the world little man." Twitter. 20 July 2014. Retrieved 7 February 2016.
  11. Alan Rickman on the Internet Movie Database
  12. "Ms Rima Elizabeth Horton." Companies In the UK. Retrieved 3 February 2016.
  13. 13.0 13.1 England & Wales births 1837-2006. Vol. 5D, p. 406. Print.
  14. England & Wales births 1837-2006. Vol. 11A, p. 1224. Print.
  15. 15.0 15.1 England & Wales, Death Index, 1916-2007. Print.
  16. England & Wales, Birth Index, 1837--2006. Vol. 1A, p. 515. Print.
  17. 17.0 17.1 "Bernard William Rickman." Wiki Tree. Retrieved 3 February 2016.
  18. Solway, Diane. "Profile: Alan Rickman." European Travel and Life. August 1991. Retrieved 7 January 2015.
  19. England & Wales marriages 1837-2008. Vol. 1A, p. 618. Print
  20. England & Wales marriages 1837-2008. Vol. 1A, p. 669. Print.
  21. 21.0 21.1 Paton, Maureen. Alan Rickman: The Unauthorised Biography. London: Virgin, 1996. Print. pp. 21-22.
  22. 22.0 22.1 22.2 UK electoral registers 2002-2014. Print.
  23. "Councillor Michael Rickman." Harborough District Council. Retrieved 3 February 2016.
  24. Brother is left 'broken' by actor Alan Rickman's death. Leicester Mercury. 15 January 2016. Retrieved 3 February 2016.
  25. "Alan Rickman Family Info." NNDB.com. Retrieved 4 September 2010.
  26. England & Wales births 1837-2006. General Register Office. England and Wales Civil Registration Indexes. London, England: General Register Office. Print.
  27. England & Wales, Death Index, 1916-2007. Print.
  28. Paton, Maureen. Alan Rickman: The Unauthorised Biography. London: Virgins Books, 1996. Print.
  29. http://www.independent.co.uk/arts-entertainment/films/news/alan-rickman-dead-read-his-heartfelt-goodbye-letter-to-harry-potter-fans-a6812066.html
  30. Entertainment Weekly's 100 Favorite People in Pop Culture
  31. A Man For All Seasons. Scotland on Sunday. 30 July 2006.
  32. "Alan Rickman Interview." Unreel Film Magazine. 2001.
  33. Photo: Alan with his niece Sarah at her wedding. Desperate Murph Tumblr. 19 January 2016. Retrieved 4 February 2016.
  34. How many nieces and nephews does Alan Rickman have? Yahoo! Answers. 2007. Retrieved 4 February 2016.
  35. Rickman, Charlotte. "@NatAllSaints As promised...this was backstage at Wembley in 1999. I was 17!" Twitter. 22 March 2014. Retrieved 7 February 2016.
  36. Rickman, Charlotte. "I have always been proud to be related to Alan. Such a shame he won't be making any more fantastic movies. Sleep tight." Twitter. 14 January 2016. Retrieved 7 February 2016.
  37. "Alan Rickman Maternal Family Tree." Ancestry.com. Retrieved 3 February 2016.
  38. "Alan Rickman Paternal Family Tree." Ancestry.com. Retrieved 3 February 2016.
  39. England & Wales births 1837-2006. Vol. 1A, p. 579. Print.
  40. England & Wales marriages 1837-2008. Vol 1A, p. 1584. Print.
  41. GRO War Death Army Other Ranks (1939 to 1948). British nationals armed forces deaths 1796-2005. Vol. 7, p. 208. Print.
  42. Army Roll of Honour 1939-1945. Print.
  43. "Alan Rickman Biography." Severus Forums Community. 13 Oct. 2009. Retrieved 3 February 2016.

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