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1995–1996 school year

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300px-DoloresUmbridge

Dolores Umbridge, a major influence on Hogwarts school life during this year

The 19951996 school year was Harry Potter's fifth year at Hogwarts School of Witchcraft and Wizardry. The school experienced many changes during this time, mainly due to the interference of the Ministry of Magic and the Hogwarts High Inquisitor, Dolores Umbridge. This article lists the general events which have been witnessed by the majority of the students and teachers. It leaves out those events which are only known to Harry Potter and the people close to him.

Staff

The staff at Hogwarts during the 1995–1996 school year were as follows:

Hogwarts School of Witchcraft and Wizardry faculty and staff during the 1995–1996 school year
Post Incumbent Notes
Headmaster Dolores Umbridge was decreed by the Ministry of Magic to be Headmistress after Dumbledore went on the run; however, the school did not accept her authority and even the Headmaster's office sealed itself against her, so that the Defence Against the Dark Arts Professor's office was temporarily turned into the Head's office.
High Inquisitor Professor Dolores Umbridge Post created by the Ministry of Magic. The High Inquisitor inspected teachers, passed Educational Decrees, and (later) had supreme say over all punishments and sanctions. Post abolished at the end of the year.
Deputy Head Professor Minerva McGonagall
Head of Gryffindor House Professor Minerva McGonagall
Head of Hufflepuff House Professor Pomona Sprout
Head of Ravenclaw House Professor Filius Flitwick
Head of Slytherin House Professor Severus Snape
Arithmancy teacher Professor Septima Vector
Astronomy teacher Professor Aurora Sinistra
Care of Magical Creatures teacher
Charms Master Professor Filius Flitwick
Defence Against the Dark Arts teacher Professor Dolores Umbridge Not appointed by Dumbledore; appointed by the Ministry of Magic, under the terms of Educational Decree Number Twenty-Two.
Divination teacher
Flying instructor Madam Rolanda Hooch
Herbology teacher Professor Pomona Sprout
History of Magic teacher Professor Cuthbert Binns
Muggle Studies teacher Charity Burbage
Potions Master Professor Severus Snape Snape was put on probation by Umbridge in June of 1996. This period of probation lasted less than a day, however, as Umbridge was removed from her post the next day.
Study of Ancient Runes teacher Professor Bathsheda Babbling
Transfiguration teacher Professor Minerva McGonagall
Matron Madam Poppy Pomfrey
Librarian Madam Irma Pince
Gamekeeper Professor Rubeus Hagrid
(sacked)
Caretaker Mr Argus Filch

Well-known events

Quidditch

The 1995–1996 Quidditch season at Hogwarts was eventful. Team members and results were as follows:

Gryffindor team

During the 1995–1996 school year, Angelina Johnson was the Captain of the Gryffindor team. Due to previous players graduating, selecting team players involved a tough try-out.[citation needed]

Original team
Johnson2-kl

Gryffindor Captain, Angelina Johnson.

Substitute team

Shortly after one of Gryffindor's first Quidditch matches, Draco Malfoy insulted and provoked Fred, George, Ron and Harry. All except Ron promptly attacked him, had their broomsticks confiscated, and were banned from Quidditch for life by Professor Umbridge (although these bans were lifted after she was removed from Hogwarts).[citation needed] Their replacements were as follows:

Ravenclaw team

The Ravenclaw team members were as follows:

Slytherin team

The Slytherin team members were as follows:

Hufflepuff team

The Hufflepuff team members were as follows:

Quidditch Cup results

The Gryffindor team won the Quidditch Cup despite missing their original Beaters and Seeker.[citation needed]

Dumbledore's Army

Dumbledore's Army

Dumbledore's Army members.

In 1995, Harry, Ron and Hermione formed a secret "club" entitled Dumbledore's Army. Its purpose was to prepare students adequately for the outside world and to give them some practice of their spells for their O.W.L.s - something its members agreed the now Ministry-controlled Hogwarts was not doing and deliberately so. After successfully holding regular meetings between 5 October 1995 and 20 April 1996, the Army was forced to split up after Cho Chang's friend Marietta Edgecombe gave their location away to the Inquisitorial Squad.[citation needed]

Weasley family crisis

Shortly before the Christmas holidays, it became common knowledge around Gryffindor House (as well as around the school) that the Weasley family and Harry had to leave early due to some sort of family crisis although the exact details of this crisis are known by fewer.[1] Students soon realised that the Weasleys returned once classes resumed for the new term.

Professor Umbridge's influence

As of Dolores Umbridge's appointment to the school, Hogwarts underwent many changes. With the Ministry of Magic on her side, Umbridge had a lot power and was highly influential at the school.[citation needed]
Dolores Umbridge

Professor Umbridge.

Defence Against the Dark Arts professor

As Headmaster Albus Dumbledore could not find a suitable Defence Against the Dark Arts teacher, one was appointed by the Ministry of Magic. This person was Dolores Umbridge, the Senior Under-Secretary to the Minister for Magic (who was Cornelius Fudge at the time).[citation needed]

Theorised classes
Hermione: "There's nothing in here about using defensive spells."
Umbridge: "Using spells?! Well, I can´t imagine why you would need to use spells in my classroom. You'll be learning about defensive spells in a secure, risk-free way."
Hermione Granger and Dolores Umbridge, their first D.A.D.A lesson.[src]

Professor Umbridge believed in solely theoretical approach to Defence Against the Dark Arts, which was also the Ministry's view at the time. She claimed that there never would be a situation where students would need to defend themselves from the Dark Arts and denied the return of Lord Voldemort. Her teaching method was also impractical because the O.W.L.s that students were studying for had a practical section in the Defence Against the Dark Arts exam.[citation needed]

Punishment

The following is a list of crimes and their "unusual" punishment, as handed out by Professor Umbridge.

Position as High Inquisitor

Educational Decree Number 23

Educational Decree Number Twenty-Three.

"Having already revolutionised the teaching of Defence Against the Dark Arts, Dolores Umbridge will, as High Inquisitor, have powers to address the seriously falling standards at Hogwarts School."
—Cornelius Fudge[src]
After working at Hogwarts for a short while and having a discussion with the Minister, Hogwarts was appointed Educational Decree Number 23, and Umbridge's power was increased as she was appointed the first-ever "Hogwarts High Inquisitor". She used this position to evaluate and harass the teachers at Hogwarts. When Harry formed a group to teach practical Defence Against the Dark Arts, Umbridge abolished all student groups of three or more members, meaning students weren't allowed to be seen together in a larger number of three or they'd be suspected of rule breaking. This also included Quidditch.[citation needed]
Umbridge inspecting Snape

Hogwarts High Inquisitor Dolores Umbridge inspecting Severus Snape's Potions class.

When Harry gave an interview about Lord Voldemort to The Quibbler, Umbridge then banned possession of the magazine. Umbridge also went on to make ludicrous restrictions such as boys and girls not being allowed to stand within a certain limit of one another.[citation needed]

These actions were sanctioned by the Ministry of Magic in the form of Educational Decrees, but students merely found ways to circumvent them. With her new power, she dismissed Sybill Trelawney as Professor of Divination, however when she attempted to send Trelawney away from the school, she was unable to because Albus Dumbledore still had the power to keep Trelawney on school grounds and chose to do so.[citation needed]

Umbridge was horrified when Dumbledore replaced Trelawney with a centaur named Firenze, and considered him, a mixture of human and horse, a "filthy half-breed". Her strong opinion of centaurs would later get her into trouble.[2]

Teachers tested

All teachers were "tested" by Professor Umbridge during her time as Hogwarts High Inquisitor. She asked them questions concerning their time teaching at Hogwarts and also to see if they were "competent" at their job. She enjoyed putting teachers on the spot, however some, such as Professor McGonagall, did the same to her in return. She was very prejudiced against some, particularly half-breeds, and judged them before even questioning them.[citation needed]

Dismissals

The following teachers were fired by Dolores Umbridge:

More Educational Decrees

Main article: Educational Decree

Thanks to Dolores Umbridge, at least seven Educational Decrees were completed. However, in the movie, many more are passed. These banned things such as physical contact [3] and student organisations.

The Inquisitorial Squad

InquisitorialSquadDiscovery

The Inquisitorial Squad with Argus Filch and Cho Chang.

The Hogwarts High Inquisitor created an Inquisitorial Squad which students were eligible to join. Upon becoming a member of the squad, students were able to gain extra credit and award and deduct house points from other students (a power that prefects did not have).[citation needed]

House Cup

It is unknown who won the House Cup during the 1995–1996 school year.[citation needed]

Known graduates

Amorous relationships

HarryChoValentine

Harry Potter and Cho Chang on a date in Hogsmeade.

See also

Appearances

Notes and references

  1. Many rumours circulate about Harry whereabouts throughout Hogwarts. Therefore it can be presumed that students at school noticed his absence. It is confimed in Harry Potter and the Order of the Phoenix that the boys in Harry and Ron's dormitory were aware of the crisis, as they were woken by Harry's nightmares. Hermione Granger would have been one of the few students aware that the crisis was due to Arthur Weasley's attack by Nagini.
  2. Harry Potter and the Order of the Phoenix
  3. Harry Potter and the Order of the Phoenix (film)

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