The 1995–1996 school year was Harry Potter's fifth year at Hogwarts School of Witchcraft and Wizardry. The school experienced many changes during this time, mainly due to the interference of the Ministry of Magic and the Hogwarts High Inquisitor, Dolores Umbridge. This article lists the general events which have been witnessed by the majority of the students and teachers. It leaves out those events which are only known to Harry Potter and the people close to him.
The staff at Hogwarts during the 1995–1996 school year were as follows:
|Headmaster||Dolores Umbridge was decreed by the Ministry of Magic to be Headmistress after Dumbledore went on the run; however, the school did not accept her authority and even the Headmaster's office sealed itself against her, so that the Defence Against the Dark Arts Professor's office was temporarily turned into the Head's office.|
|High Inquisitor||Professor Dolores Umbridge||Post created by the Ministry of Magic. The High Inquisitor inspected teachers, passed Educational Decrees, and (later) had supreme say over all punishments and sanctions. Post abolished at the end of the year.|
|Deputy Head||Professor Minerva McGonagall|
|Head of Gryffindor House||Professor Minerva McGonagall|
|Head of Hufflepuff House||Professor Pomona Sprout|
|Head of Ravenclaw House||Professor Filius Flitwick|
|Head of Slytherin House||Professor Severus Snape|
|Arithmancy teacher||Professor Septima Vector|
|Astronomy teacher||Professor Aurora Sinistra|
|Care of Magical Creatures teacher||Hagrid was sacked temporarily on 16 June, 1996, but was rehired by Dumbledore at the end of the year.|
|Charms Master||Professor Filius Flitwick|
|Defence Against the Dark Arts teacher||Professor Dolores Umbridge||Not appointed by Dumbledore; appointed by the Ministry of Magic, under the terms of Educational Decree Number Twenty-Two.|
|Divination teacher||Trelawney was sacked temporarily on 8 March, 1996, but was rehired by Dumbledore at the end of the year.|
|Flying instructor||Madam Rolanda Hooch|
|Herbology teacher||Professor Pomona Sprout|
|History of Magic teacher||Professor Cuthbert Binns|
|Muggle Studies teacher||Charity Burbage|
|Potions Master||Professor Severus Snape||Snape was put on probation by Umbridge in June of 1996. This period of probation lasted less than a day, however, as Umbridge was removed from her post the next day.|
|Study of Ancient Runes teacher||Professor Bathsheda Babbling|
|Transfiguration teacher||Professor Minerva McGonagall|
|Matron||Madam Poppy Pomfrey|
|Librarian||Madam Irma Pince|
|Gamekeeper||Professor Rubeus Hagrid|
|Caretaker||Mr Argus Filch|
The 1995–1996 Quidditch season at Hogwarts was eventful. Team members and results were as follows:
- Angelina Johnson: Captain and Chaser
- Katie Bell: Chaser
- Alicia Spinnet: Chaser
- Ronald Weasley: Keeper
- Harry Potter: Seeker
- Fred Weasley: Beater
- George Weasley: Beater
Shortly after one of Gryffindor's first Quidditch matches, Draco Malfoy insulted and provoked Fred, George, Ron and Harry. All except Ron promptly attacked him, had their broomsticks confiscated, and were banned from Quidditch for life by Professor Umbridge (although these bans were lifted after she was removed from Hogwarts). Their replacements were as follows:
- Ginny Weasley: Seeker
- Andrew Kirke: Beater
- Jack Sloper: Beater
The Ravenclaw team members were as follows:
- Roger Davies: Captain and Chaser
- Bradley: Chaser
- Chambers: Chaser
- Grant Page: Keeper
- Cho Chang: Seeker
- Duncan Inglebee: Beater
- Jason Samuels: Beater
The Slytherin team members were as follows:
- Graham Montague: Captain and Chaser
- Adrian Pucey: Chaser
- Cassius Warrington: Chaser
- Miles Bletchley: Keeper
- Draco Malfoy: Seeker
- Vincent Crabbe: Beater
- Gregory Goyle: Beater
The Hufflepuff team members were as follows:
- Zacharias Smith: Captain and Chaser
- Cadwallader: Chaser
- Tamsin Applebee: Chaser
- Herbert Fleet: Keeper
- Summerby: Seeker
- Maxine O'Flaherty: Beater
- Anthony Rickett: Beater
Quidditch Cup results
The Gryffindor team won the Quidditch Cup despite missing their original Beaters and Seeker.
In 1995, Harry, Ron and Hermione formed a secret "club" entitled Dumbledore's Army. Its purpose was to prepare students adequately for the outside world and to give them some practise of their spells for their O.W.L.s - something its members agreed the now Ministry-controlled Hogwarts was not doing and deliberately so. After successfully holding regular meetings between 5 October 1995 and 20 April 1996, the Army was forced to split up after Cho Chang's friend Marietta Edgecombe gave their location away to the Inquisitorial Squad.
Weasley family crisis
Shortly before the Christmas holidays, it became common knowledge around Gryffindor House (as well as around the school) that the Weasley family and Harry had to leave early due to some sort of family crisis although the exact details of this crisis are known by fewer. Students soon realised that the Weasleys returned once classes resumed for the new term.
Professor Umbridge's influenceAs of Dolores Umbridge's appointment to the school, Hogwarts underwent many changes. With the Ministry of Magic on her side, Umbridge had a lot power and was highly influential at the school.
Defence Against the Dark Arts professor
As Headmaster Albus Dumbledore could not find a suitable Defence Against the Dark Arts teacher, one was appointed by the Ministry of Magic. This person was Dolores Umbridge, the Senior Under-Secretary to the Minister for Magic (who was Cornelius Fudge at the time).
- Hermione: "There's nothing in here about using defensive spells."
- Umbridge: "Using spells?! Well, I can´t imagine why you would need to use spells in my classroom. You'll be learning about defensive spells in a secure, risk-free way."
- — Hermione Granger and Dolores Umbridge, their first D.A.D.A lesson.[src]
Professor Umbridge believed in solely theoretical approach to Defence Against the Dark Arts, which was also the Ministry's view at the time. She claimed that there never would be a situation where students would need to defend themselves from the Dark Arts and denied the return of Lord Voldemort. Her teaching method was also impractical because the O.W.L.s that students were studying for had a practical section in the Defence Against the Dark Arts exam.
The following is a list of crimes and their "unusual" punishment, as handed out by Professor Umbridge.
- Yelling in class – Harry Potter, Michael and Lee Jordan were punished by having to write with a special quill which used the blood on the back of their hands as ink.
- Attacking others – George Weasley, Fred Weasley and Harry Potter were banned from Quidditch for life and had their brooms confiscated when they attacked Draco Malfoy after a match. Their bans were lifted right after Umbridge was removed from Hogwarts.
Position as High Inquisitor
- "Having already revolutionised the teaching of Defence Against the Dark Arts, Dolores Umbridge will, as High Inquisitor, have powers to address the seriously falling standards at Hogwarts School."
- —Cornelius Fudge[src]
When Harry gave an interview about Lord Voldemort to The Quibbler, Umbridge then banned possession of the magazine. Umbridge also went on to make ludicrous restrictions such as boys and girls not being allowed to stand within a certain limit of one another.
These actions were sanctioned by the Ministry of Magic in the form of Educational Decrees, but students merely found ways to circumvent them. With her new power, she dismissed Sybill Trelawney as Professor of Divination, however when she attempted to send Trelawney away from the school, she was unable to because Albus Dumbledore still had the power to keep Trelawney on school grounds and chose to do so.
Umbridge was horrified when Dumbledore replaced Trelawney with a centaur named Firenze, and considered him, a mixture of human and horse, a "filthy half-breed". Her strong opinion of centaurs would later get her into trouble.
All teachers were "tested" by Professor Umbridge during her time as Hogwarts High Inquisitor. She asked them questions concerning their time teaching at Hogwarts and also to see if they were "competent" at their job. She enjoyed putting teachers on the spot, however some, such as Professor McGonagall, did the same to her in return. She was very prejudiced against some, particularly half-breeds, and judged them before even questioning them.
The following teachers were fired by Dolores Umbridge:
- Sybill Trelawney
- Albus Dumbledore (although he was officially dismissed by Cornelius Fudge, on Dolores Umbridge's recommendation).
- Rubeus Hagrid
More Educational Decrees
The Inquisitorial Squad
The Hogwarts High Inquisitor created an Inquisitorial Squad which students were eligible to join. Upon becoming a member of the squad, students were able to gain extra credit and award and deduct house points from other students (a power that prefects did not have).
- Harry Potter and Cho Chang.
- Ginny Weasley and Michael Corner.
- Roger Davies and an unknown date at Madam Puddifoot's Tea Shop.
- Harry Potter and the Order of the Phoenix
- 1991–1992 school year
- 1992–1993 school year
- 1993–1994 school year
- 1994–1995 school year
- 1996–1997 school year
- 1997–1998 school year
- Harry Potter and the Order of the Phoenix
- Harry Potter and the Order of the Phoenix (film)
- Harry Potter and the Order of the Phoenix (video game)
- LEGO Harry Potter: Years 5-7
- Harry Potter for Kinect
Notes and references
- ↑ Many rumours circulate about Harry whereabouts throughout Hogwarts. Therefore it can be presumed that students at school noticed his absence. It is confirmed in Harry Potter and the Order of the Phoenix that the boys in Harry and Ron's dormitory were aware of the crisis, as they were woken by Harry's nightmares. Hermione Granger would have been one of the few students aware that the crisis was due to Arthur Weasley's attack by Nagini.
- ↑ Harry Potter and the Order of the Phoenix
- ↑ Harry Potter and the Order of the Phoenix (film)