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Dolores Umbridge

Dolores Umbridge, a major influence on Hogwarts school life during this year

The 19951996 school year was Harry Potter's fifth year at Hogwarts School of Witchcraft and Wizardry. The school experienced many changes during this time, mainly due to the interference of the Ministry of Magic and the Hogwarts High Inquisitor, Dolores Umbridge. This article lists the general events which have been witnessed by the majority of the students and teachers. It leaves out those events which are only known to Harry Potter and the people close to him.

Staff

The staff at Hogwarts during the 1995–1996 school year were as follows:

Hogwarts School of Witchcraft and Wizardry faculty and staff during the 1995–1996 school year
Post Incumbent Notes
Headmaster Dolores Umbridge was decreed by the Ministry of Magic to be Headmistress after Dumbledore went on the run; however, the school did not accept her authority and even the Headmaster's office sealed itself against her, so that the Defence Against the Dark Arts Professor's office was temporarily turned into the Head's office.
High Inquisitor Professor Dolores Umbridge Post created by the Ministry of Magic. The High Inquisitor inspected teachers, passed Educational Decrees, and (later) had supreme say over all punishments and sanctions. Post abolished at the end of the year.
Deputy Head Professor Minerva McGonagall
Head of Gryffindor House Professor Minerva McGonagall
Head of Hufflepuff House Professor Pomona Sprout
Head of Ravenclaw House Professor Filius Flitwick
Head of Slytherin House Professor Severus Snape
Arithmancy teacher Professor Septima Vector
Astronomy teacher Professor Aurora Sinistra
Care of Magical Creatures teacher Hagrid was sacked temporarily on 16 June, 1996, but was rehired by Dumbledore at the end of the year.
Charms Master Professor Filius Flitwick
Defence Against the Dark Arts teacher Professor Dolores Umbridge Not appointed by Dumbledore; appointed by the Ministry of Magic, under the terms of Educational Decree Number Twenty-Two.
Divination teacher Trelawney was sacked temporarily on 8 March, 1996, but was rehired by Dumbledore at the end of the year.
Flying instructor Madam Rolanda Hooch
Herbology teacher Professor Pomona Sprout
History of Magic teacher Professor Cuthbert Binns
Muggle Studies teacher Charity Burbage
Potions Master Professor Severus Snape Snape was put on probation by Umbridge in June of 1996. This period of probation lasted less than a day, however, as Umbridge was removed from her post the next day.
Study of Ancient Runes teacher Professor Bathsheda Babbling
Transfiguration teacher Professor Minerva McGonagall
Matron Madam Poppy Pomfrey
Librarian Madam Irma Pince
Gamekeeper Professor Rubeus Hagrid
Caretaker Mr Argus Filch

Timetable

Timetable known for fifth year Gryffindors

Period Monday Tuesday Wednesday Thursday Friday
First History of Magic
(may be double period)
Charms Divination
Second
Break
Third Potions
(With Slytherin)
Transfiguration Herbology
Fourth
Lunch
Fifth Divination/
Arithmancy
Care of Magical Creatures
(With Slytherin)
Transfiguration
Sixth Defence Against the Dark Arts Herbology Care of Magical Creatures
Seventh Astronomy
Dinner
Evening Astronomy?
(no mention of practical classes?)


Notes

  • Monday:
    • History of Magic, double Potions, Divinations, double Defence Against the Dark Arts.[1]
    • Breakfast, History of Magic followed by double Potions.[2]
    • History of Magic is at least 45 minutes long (but maybe a double-period?)[3]
    • Double potions with Slytherin[4]
    • Double potions are hour and a half, followed by lunch[5]
    • Divinations on Monday is immediately after lunch and a single period.[6]
    • Hermione's Arithmancy class is at the same time.[7]
  • Lunch is an hour long.[8][9]
  • In second term Hermione has Ancient Runes in the afternoon.[10]
  • Tuesday:
    • Double Charms followed by Double Transfiguration, implied to be 1 1/2 hours each.[11]
    • Lunch
    • Care of Magical in the afternoon, with Slytherin, after lunch.[12][13]
    • Double Herbology after Care of Magical Creatures[14]
    • Short break before 5 o'clock, but dinner is available.[15]
  • Wednesday:
    • Divination in the morning.[16]
    • Afternoon: Transfiguration in the afternoon.[17]
    • Transfiguration, Care of Magical Creatures, and Astronomy held before dinner.[18]
    • Double Herbology before lunch.[19]
    • Care of magical Creatures in the afternoon.[20]

Fourth year Gryffindors and Ravenclaws:

  • Herbology on Tuesday afternoon after lunch[22]

Seventh year Gryffindors:

Events

Quidditch

The 1995–1996 Quidditch season at Hogwarts was eventful. Team members and results were as follows:

Gryffindor team

During the 1995–1996 school year, Angelina Johnson was the Captain of the Gryffindor team. Due to Oliver Wood graduating since they last played in the 1993–1994 school year, selecting a new team player to fill his position as Keeper involved a tough try-out, with Ronald Weasley ultimately chosen as Oliver's replacement.[citation needed]

Original team
Johnson2-kl

Gryffindor Captain, Angelina Johnson

Substitute team

Shortly after one of Gryffindor's first Quidditch matches, Draco Malfoy insulted and provoked Fred, George, Ron and Harry. All except Ron promptly attacked him, had their broomsticks confiscated, and were banned from Quidditch for life by Professor Umbridge (although these bans were lifted after she was removed from Hogwarts).[citation needed] Their replacements were as follows:

Ravenclaw team

The Ravenclaw team members were as follows:

Slytherin team

The Slytherin team members were as follows:

Hufflepuff team

The Hufflepuff team members were as follows:

Standings and Quidditch Cup results

  • Slytherin lost to Gryffindor
  • Hufflepuff defeated Gryffindor 240-230
  • Slytherin lost to Hufflepuff (narrowly)
  • Gryffindor defeated Ravenclaw
  • Outcomes of Slytherin vs. Ravenclaw & Ravenclaw vs. Hufflepuff are not mentioned in canon. However, due to Gryffindor winning the Quidditch Cup despite Hufflepuff having two wins, it is very probable that Ravenclaw defeated Hufflepuff.The Gryffindor team won the Quidditch Cup despite missing their original Beaters and Seeker.[citation needed]

Dumbledore's Army

Dumbledore's Army

Dumbledore's Army members

In 1995, Harry, Ron and Hermione formed a secret "club" entitled Dumbledore's Army. Its purpose was to prepare students adequately for the outside world and to give them some practise of their spells for their O.W.L.s - something its members agreed the now Ministry-controlled Hogwarts was not doing and deliberately so. After successfully holding regular meetings between 5 October 1995 and 20 April 1996, the Army was forced to split up after Cho Chang's friend Marietta Edgecombe gave their location away to the Inquisitorial Squad.[citation needed]

Weasley family crisis

Shortly before the Christmas holidays, it became common knowledge around Gryffindor House (as well as around the school) that the Weasley family and Harry had to leave early due to some sort of family crisis although the exact details of this crisis are known by fewer.[26] Students soon realised that the Weasleys returned once classes resumed for the new term.

Professor Umbridge's influence

As of Dolores Umbridge's appointment to the school, Hogwarts underwent many changes. With the Ministry of Magic on her side, Umbridge had a lot power and was highly influential at the school.[citation needed]
Dolores Umbridge

Professor Umbridge

Defence Against the Dark Arts professor

As Headmaster Albus Dumbledore could not find a suitable Defence Against the Dark Arts teacher, one was appointed by the Ministry of Magic. This person was Dolores Umbridge, the Senior Under-Secretary to the Minister for Magic (who was Cornelius Fudge at the time).[citation needed]

Theorised classes
Hermione: "There's nothing in here about using defensive spells."
Umbridge: "Using spells?! Well, I can´t imagine why you would need to use spells in my classroom. You'll be learning about defensive spells in a secure, risk-free way."
Hermione Granger and Dolores Umbridge, their first D.A.D.A lesson.[src]

Professor Umbridge believed in solely theoretical approach to Defence Against the Dark Arts, which was also the Ministry's view at the time. She claimed that there never would be a situation where students would need to defend themselves from the Dark Arts and denied the return of Lord Voldemort. Her teaching method was also impractical because the O.W.L.s that students were studying for had a practical section in the Defence Against the Dark Arts exam.[citation needed]

Punishment

The following is a list of crimes and their "unusual" punishment, as handed out by Professor Umbridge.

Position as High Inquisitor

Educational Decree Number 23

Educational Decree Number Twenty-Three

"Having already revolutionised the teaching of Defence Against the Dark Arts, Dolores Umbridge will, as High Inquisitor, have powers to address the seriously falling standards at Hogwarts School."
—Cornelius Fudge[src]
After working at Hogwarts for a short while and having a discussion with the Minister, Hogwarts was appointed Educational Decree Number 23, and Umbridge's power was increased as she was appointed the first-ever "Hogwarts High Inquisitor". She used this position to evaluate and harass the teachers at Hogwarts. When Harry formed a group to teach practical Defence Against the Dark Arts, Umbridge abolished all student groups of three or more members, meaning students weren't allowed to be seen together in a larger number of three or they'd be suspected of rule breaking. This also included Quidditch.[citation needed]
Umbridge inspecting Snape

Hogwarts High Inquisitor Dolores Umbridge inspecting Severus Snape's Potions class

When Harry gave an interview about Lord Voldemort to The Quibbler, Umbridge then banned possession of the magazine. Umbridge also went on to make ludicrous restrictions such as boys and girls not being allowed to stand within a certain limit of one another.[citation needed]

These actions were sanctioned by the Ministry of Magic in the form of Educational Decrees, but students merely found ways to circumvent them. With her new power, she dismissed Sybill Trelawney as Professor of Divination, however when she attempted to send Trelawney away from the school, she was unable to because Albus Dumbledore still had the power to keep Trelawney on school grounds and chose to do so.[citation needed]

Umbridge was horrified when Dumbledore replaced Trelawney with a centaur named Firenze, and considered him, a mixture of human and horse, a "filthy half-breed". Her strong opinion of centaurs would later get her into trouble.[27]

Teachers tested

All teachers were "tested" by Professor Umbridge during her time as Hogwarts High Inquisitor. She asked them questions concerning their time teaching at Hogwarts and also to see if they were "competent" at their job. She enjoyed putting teachers on the spot, however some, such as Professor McGonagall, did the same to her in return. She was very prejudiced against some, particularly half-breeds, and judged them before even questioning them.[citation needed]

Dismissals

The following teachers were fired by Dolores Umbridge:

More Educational Decrees

Main article: Educational Decree

Thanks to Dolores Umbridge, at least seven Educational Decrees were completed. However, in the movie, many more are passed. These banned things such as physical contact[28] and student organisations.

The Inquisitorial Squad

InquisitorialSquadDiscovery

The Inquisitorial Squad with Argus Filch and Cho Chang

The Hogwarts High Inquisitor created an Inquisitorial Squad which students were eligible to join. Upon becoming a member of the squad, students were able to gain extra credit and award and deduct house points from other students (a power that prefects did not have).[citation needed]

House Cup

It is unknown who won the House Cup during the 1995–1996 school year.[citation needed]

Known graduates

Amorous relationships

HarryChoValentine

Harry Potter and Cho Chang on a date in Hogsmeade

Appearances

See also

Notes and references

  1. Harry Potter and the Order of the Phoenix, Chapter 12 (Professor Umbridge) - “Look at today!” groaned Ron. “History of Magic, double Potions, Divination, and double Defence Against the Dark Arts [...] That’s the worst Monday I’ve ever seen.”
  2. Harry Potter and the Order of the Phoenix, Chapter 15 (The Hogwarts High Inquisitor) - "But Professor Umbridge was not inspecting their History of Magic lesson, which was just as dull as the previous Monday, nor was she in Snape’s dungeon when they arrived for double Potions, where Harry’s moonstone essay was handed back to him with a large, spiky black D scrawled in an upper corner."
  3. Harry Potter and the Order of the Phoenix, Chapter 12 (Professor Umbridge) - "Today they suffered through three quarters of an hour’s droning on the subject of giant wars."
  4. Harry Potter and the Order of the Phoenix, Chapter 12 (Professor Umbridge) - "““The Draught of Peace,” said Harry tensely. “Tell me, Potter,” said Snape softly, “can you read?” Draco Malfoy laughed.
  5. Harry Potter and the Order of the Phoenix, Chapter 12 (Professor Umbridge) - "“you have an hour and a half. [...] When at long last the bell rang, Harry was first out of the dungeon and had already started his lunch by the time Ron and Hermione joined him in the Great Hall."
  6. Harry Potter and the Order of the Phoenix, Chapter 12 (Professor Umbridge) - "The one good thing to be said for this lesson was that it was not a double period."
  7. Harry Potter and the Order of the Phoenix, Chapter 15 (The Hogwarts High Inquisitor) - "Harry and Ron told Hermione, who had been in Arithmancy, exactly what had happened in Divination while they all took out their copies of Defensive Magical Theory, but before Hermione could ask any questions Professor Umbridge had called them all to order and silence fell."
  8. Harry Potter and the Order of the Phoenix, Chapter 12 (Professor Umbridge) - "Harry spent the rest of the lunch hour sitting alone underneath the trapdoor at the top of North Tower, and consequently he was the first to ascend the silver ladder that led to Sibyll Trelawney’s classroom when the bell rang.
  9. Harry Potter and the Order of the Phoenix, Chapter 13 (Detention with Dolores) - "Harry and Ron spent their lunch hour in the library looking up the uses of moonstones in potion-making."
  10. Harry Potter and the Order of the Phoenix, Chapter 26 (Seen and Unforeseen) - Harry's interview in the Quibbler comes out on a Monday morning, and "Harry heard them whispering about it as they queued up outside classes, discussing it over lunch and in the back of lessons, while Hermione even reported that every occupant of the cubicles in the girls’ toilets had been talking about it when she nipped in there before Ancient Runes.
  11. Harry Potter and the Order of the Phoenix, Chapter 13 (Detention with Dolores) - "Double Charms was succeeded by double Transfiguration. Professor Flitwick and Professor McGonagall both spent the first fifteen minutes of their lessons lecturing the class on the importance of O.W.L.s. [...] They then spent more than an hour reviewing Summoning Charms, which according to Professor Flitwick were bound to come up in their O.W.L., and he rounded off the lesson by setting them their largest amount of Charms homework ever."
  12. Harry Potter and the Order of the Phoenix, Chapter 13 (Detention with Dolores) - "Now panicking slightly about the amount of homework they had to do, Harry and Ron spent their lunch hour in the library looking up the uses of moonstones in potion-making. [...] By the time they reached Care of Magical Creatures in the afternoon, Harry’s head was aching again."
  13. Harry Potter and the Order of the Phoenix, Chapter 15 (The Hogwarts High Inquisitor) - "Harry exchanged uneasy looks with Ron and Hermione. Malfoy was whispering with Crabbe and Goyle; he would surely love this opportunity to tell tales on Hagrid to a member of the Ministry."
  14. Harry Potter and the Order of the Phoenix, Chapter 13 (Detention with Dolores) - "“To nobody’s surprise, Professor Sprout started their lesson by lecturing them about the importance of O.W.L.s. [...] Tired and smelling strongly of dragon dung, Professor Sprout’s preferred brand of fertiliser, the Gryffindors trooped back up to the castle an hour and a half later, none of them talking very much; it had been an-other long day."
  15. Harry Potter and the Order of the Phoenix, Chapter 13 (Detention with Dolores) - "As Harry was starving, and he had his first detention with Umbridge at five o’clock, he headed straight for dinner without dropping off his bag in Gryffindor Tower so that he could bolt something down before facing whatever she had in store for him."
  16. Harry Potter and the Order of the Phoenix, Chapter 13 (Detention with Dolores) - "He skipped breakfast next morning to scribble down a couple of made-up dreams for Divination, their first lesson, and was surprised to find a dishevelled Ron keeping him company."
  17. Harry Potter and the Order of the Phoenix, Chapter 13 (Detention with Dolores) - "everybody else was told to practise the spell overnight, ready for a fresh attempt on their snails the following afternoon."
  18. Harry Potter and the Order of the Phoenix, Chapter 13 (Detention with Dolores) - "He had to give up his lunch hour to complete the picture of the bowtruckle, and meanwhile, Professors McGonagall, Grubbly-Plank, and Sinistra gave them yet more homework, which he had no prospect of finishing that evening because of his second detention with Umbridge. [...] To cap it all, Angelina Johnson tracked him down at dinner again...
  19. Harry Potter and the Order of the Phoenix, Chapter 18 (Dumbledore's Army) - "Their robes billowed and swirled around them as they splashed across the flooded vegetable patch to double Herbology, where they could hardly hear what Professor Sprout was saying over the hammering of raindrops hard as hailstones on the greenhouse roof. The afternoon’s Care of Magical Creatures lesson was to be relocated from the storm-swept grounds to a free classroom on the ground floor and, to their intense relief, Angelina sought out her team at lunch to tell them that Quidditch practise was cancelled."
  20. Harry Potter and the Order of the Phoenix, Chapter 18 (Dumbledore's Army) - "The afternoon’s Care of Magical Creatures lesson was to be relocated from the storm-swept grounds to a free classroom on the ground floor and, to their intense relief, Angelina sought out her team at lunch to tell them that Quidditch practise was cancelled. [...] Same time, same place next week?” “Sooner!” said Dean Thomas eagerly and many people nodded in agreement. Angelina, however, said quickly, “The Quidditch season’s about to start, we need team practises too!” “Let’s say next Wednesday night, then”
  21. Harry Potter and the Order of the Phoenix, Chapter 12 (Professor Umbridge) - "“Homework: twelve inches of parchment on the properties of moonstone and its uses in potion-making, to be handed in on Thursday.”"
  22. Harry Potter and the Order of the Phoenix, Chapter 13 (Detention with Dolores) - "The door of the nearest greenhouse opened and some fourth years spilled out of it, including Ginny. “Hi,” she said brightly as she passed. A few seconds later, Luna Lovegood emerged, trailing behind the rest of the class, a smudge of earth on her nose and her hair tied in a knot on the top of her head."
  23. Harry Potter and the Order of the Phoenix, Chapter 13 (Detention with Dolores) - "“Look what we’ve got today,” said Ron grumpily, shoving his schedule under Fred’s nose. “That’s the worst Monday I’ve ever seen.” [...] C’mon, George, if we get there early we might be able to sell a few Extendable Ears before Herbology."
  24. Harry Potter and the Order of the Phoenix, Chapter 15 (The Hogwarts High Inquisitor) - "But Professor Umbridge was not inspecting their History of Magic lesson, which was just as dull as the previous Monday, nor was she in Snape’s dungeon when they arrived for double Potions, where Harry’s moonstone essay was handed back to him with a large, spiky black D scrawled in an upper corner. [...] “Just now, before lunch,” said George. “Charms.”"
  25. Fred and George mention, on the first day, that they had not yet had D.A.D.A. with Umbridge.
  26. Many rumours circulate about Harry whereabouts throughout Hogwarts. Therefore it can be presumed that students at school noticed his absence. It is confirmed in Harry Potter and the Order of the Phoenix that the boys in Harry and Ron's dormitory were aware of the crisis, as they were woken by Harry's nightmares. Hermione Granger would have been one of the few students aware that the crisis was due to Arthur Weasley's attack by Nagini.
  27. Harry Potter and the Order of the Phoenix
  28. Harry Potter and the Order of the Phoenix (film)